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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 23, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Colder Tonight and Thursday VOLUME 51, NO. 286 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1952 Read 'Hollywood' By Hedda Hopper Page 10 Today SIXTEEN PAGES Kefauver Entering President Race Truman Seeks Strict Laws for Miners Safety Upward Trend Shows 790 Deaths in '51, Against 462 in '50 WASHINGTON IS) President Truman has asked Congress to give the Interior Department pow- erful enough laws to enforce safety in coal mines since, he said, most states have failed to protect min- ers' lives. "The evidence is he said, "that the state governments, taken as a group, have not done enough and are not now doing enough to assure this country against dis- asters in our coal mines." Mr. Truman urged passage of pending bills to give the Interior Department power to enforce its mine safety regulation. "While the United Mine workers has supported federal enforcement legislation, the representatives of management and most of the states themselves have consistently opposed it." Mr. Truman recalled that 111 men died in the Centralia, 111., dis- aster four years ago and 119 were killed at West Frankfort, HI., last month. In the four years between those two tragedies, he said, thousands of others were killed or injured "needlessly." The President said mine safety laws must: (1) Give the Interior Department power "to promulgate safety standards which have the force of (2) Authorize the department "to close a coal mine that it finds unsafe and to keep it closed until the department nas certified that the danger has been and (3) quate criminal penalties for will- ful violation of safety regulations and shutdown orders." Taft Suggests Farmers Run Control Plan MONROE, Wis. ttV- Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) wound up his two-day presidential campaign tour of Wis- consin last night with a proposal that farmers themselves handle farm production controls when such controls are needed. The government's job, he said, primarily should be to offer advice and assistance. 1 think there is undoubtedly a point at which the government must step in to protect the farmers against the kind of depression which let them go through the wringers so many times in the Taft said. "At times a reasonable price support will require production controls, although certainly they should be avoided, except in seri- ous emergencies. "If we have any controls, now ever, they ought to be exercised as far as possible by the farmers of each community." The Ohio Republican presi dential aspirant spoke at a Cham- ber of Commerce dinner attended by about cheesemakers, fanners and businessmen. Taft was scheduled to fly to Washington today after a 48-hour whirl of hand-shaking and speech making in his bid for Wisconsin's 30 delegates to the national GOP convention. Harold E. Stassen is the other announced Republican contender in the April 1 state pri- mary, one of the earliest in the 'nation. _ Taft praised Senator McCarthy, Wisconsin senator who is up for re-election and told newsmen, "If Sen. McCarthy is the Republican nominee for the Senate I certainly wiH support him." Colfax, N.D., Elevator Burns COLFAX, N. D. (4V-Fire which destroyed one Colfax Grain Co. elevator and threatened another last night was brought under con- trol early today. No estimate of damage was available, but bushels of flax and an undetermined amount of stored c'orn were destroyed. At one time the fire threatened to engulf the adjacent elevator and spread into business and resi- dential districts of this small Rich- land County community, 35 miles south of Fargo, N. D. The blaze, fanned by moderate northerly winds-, was out of control of volun- teer fire Who's for You in '52 Harold E. Stassen (A series of background articles on the de- clared candidates for nomination to the Presi- dency.) Harold E. Stassen THE MAN A few days after Christmas, Harold E. Stassen, the only Minnesotan who ever came close to nomination for the Presidency de- cided to try it again. In spite of previous announcements of ad- miration for General Eisenhower and an ac- tual offer to Senator Taft for them to pool their efforts behind Eisenhower, Stassen said at the time he made his announcement that he was in the race to the finish and "without com- mitment to any other per- son." Stassen, who is now 44 is on leave of absence as President of the University of Pennsylvania while he conducts his campaign for the nation's highest office. A native Minnesotan, Stassen was born on a truck farm near the Twin Cities. He attended rural school until he was 11. Later he went to Humboldt High School in St. Paul, completing at the age of 15. In 1922 he started working his way through the University of Minnesota as a part time grocery clerk, and during his vacations, as a Pullman conductor on the Milwaukee railroad. While an undergraduate, he developed aa intense interest in politics, and organized the Young Republican League, now a state-wide organization. He was its first chairman. In 1929 he finished law school at the Uni- versity and shortly afterward ran for county attorney-of Dakota County. He won the elec- tion and took office at the age of 23. Ih'KSTlle'EIeaiargovernor and began an Intensive campaign, promising to clean up the state government, to reduce operating ex- penditures Without cutting relief and to end the "Reign of labor terror." The result of his campaigning was that he was elected governor with a two-to-one lead over his opponent, Elmer Benson. He was re- elected in 1940 and again in 1942. In 1942, just after the legislative session of his third term, he accepted a commission as a lieutenant commander in the Navy Reserve and resigned as governor. During the war he served as flag secre- tary and aide to Admiral William F. Halsey. He was appointed by President Roosevelt in 1945 as a member of the United Nations San Francisco conference and while there fought a losing battle with the Russians to keep the veto out of the United Nations char- ter. After he left the Navy, he sought the Re- publican nomination for the Presidency, be- coming the first to announce candidacy on Dec. As a candidate he gave general but not complete support to the Taft-Hartley law, rec- ommended a billion dollar federally financed project for the construction of mass housing, and advocated a tax ceiling which would pre- vent the federal government from taking more than half an individual's income in times of peace. One of the most controversial aspects of the nomination race in 1948 was Stassen's in- sistence that the Communist party be out- lawed. This was the subject of a much-watch- ed debate he had with Dewey just before the Oregon primary. Up to this point Stassen had shown he had some support by winning the Wisconsin and Nebraska primaries, but the people of Oregon preferred Dewey, and from that point on Stas- sen lost ground. At the Republican convention in June, Stas- sen claimed only 157 votes on the first ballot and then dropped out of the picture. After the convention he supported Dewey, but this may have cost him some votes. In one of the lead-off speeches in Dewey's behalf, Stas- sen attacked the administration's farm sub- sidy program. After Truman won the elec- tion, it was widely conjectured that Stassen's speech may have helped alienate the farm vote, causing it to go to Truman. The Campaign Issues When Stassen announced his candidacy for the current election race, he said there are four principal threats to American happiness and well being. "1. The dangers that always flow from a low moral standard in a Nation's capital, from corruption in high places, from venal conniving among leaders, and from crass cu- pidity among administrators. "2. The menace that our money will be in- flated, that it will be debased until our dollar is so cheap that the people will lose confi- dence in its future worth .and value. "3. The threat of internal strife, that groups within America may become so bit- ter toward each other that by their clashes they pull down and injure each other and de- stroy our American heritage for all of us. "4. The peril from abroad that a combina- tion of powerful Communist enemies, with at- tacks from without, and infiltration or sabo- teurs within, will so weaken America that the Man (Continued on Pagt 6) Ikes Proposal Draws Applause From Congress WASHINGTON (5V-Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's proposal for a constitutional convention to unify Europe drew applause today from Republicans and cluding other potential presidential candidates. The statement from Supreme Headquarters Allied Forces in Europe (SHAPE) was Eisenhow- er's first since his announcement that he would accept the Republi- can presidential nomination but would not campaign for it. .Some wondered if it had been cleared with President Truman and Secretary of State Acheson. Senators of both parties said they agreed with Gen. Eisenhower that: 1. Russia may plan a global war eventually but right now could not win at a single stroke. 2. The mere call for a Eu- ropean unity convention "would mean a lot in the Unit- ed which can not alone bear the entire burden of the North Atlantic Treaty. 3. Long-term defensive se- curity in Europe "can not gain strength and stability if it (Europe) is to remain split up in a number of independ- ent economies." Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) said the Eisenhower proposal is "a splen- did step in the right direction." Sen. McMahon who has entered the Illinois Democratic presidential primary against Kef- auver, agreed that European unity "isn't just desirable; it is impera- tive." Sen. Wiley ranking GOP member of the foreign rela- tions committee, said "Dee's-move is splended and in the right direc- tion." Wiley said the next move is up to the Europeans. Sen. Case who has been urging European unity for several years, was "greatly encouraged that Gen. Eisenhower should make .the and that "it should add to his strength as a presiden- tial candidate." Delaney Convicted In Tax Bribe Case BOSTON federal jury last night convicted Denis W. Delaney, ousted Massachusetts collector of internal revenue, on charges he accepted in bribes and falsely certified payment of in tax liens. The jury of 11 men and one woman deliberated nine hours and 15 minutes before returning a verdict that Delaney was guilty of all six counts of two indictments. Judge Charles E. WyzansM Jr., allowed Delaney to remain free in pending his sentence some time next week. The 55-year-old Delaney faces maximum penalties of 18 years' imprisonment and fines of and minimum penalties of six months' imprisonment. His attorney, C. Keefe Hurley, said, "I assume there will be an appeal." On the first count of the bribery indictment Delaney was found guil- ty of accepting on April 26, 1949, from Daniel Friedman, New York insurance man, to in- fluence his action on taxes owed by Maxwell Shapiro and the Max- well Shapiro Woolen Co., of Bos- ton. On the second count, he was con- victed of taking another bribe, on May 6, 1949, from Fried- man in connection with the same case. On the third count the jury found he took a bribe on Aug. 11, 1949, also from Friedman con- nection with taxes owed by the Massachusetts Steel Treating Corp., of Worcester. On the second indictment De- laney was convicted on three counts of knowingly having false certificates filed Oct show- ing that in tax liens had been paid. The taxes involved Samuel and Eva Merker, Morris Leavitt and the Merker Counter Co., of Haver- hill, which makes shoe parts. The company is owned by Merker and Leavitt Ship Capsizes NAPLES, Italy (ffl- A 400-ton motorship capsized d ujin g a. launching ceremony today, forcing 90 persons to jump overboard into the bay of Naples. The 90 were rescued by email boats. 3" Webb Quits State Depf. WASHINGTON UPI James E. Webb resigned today as undersec- retary of state, and President Tru- man chose David K. E. Bruce, now ambassador to France, to succeed him. The White House announced the shift by making public the nomina- tion of Bruce for the post. Along with Brace's nomination, President Truman sent to the Senate those of: John M. Allison, foreign service career officer, to be assistant sec- retary of state succeeding Dean Rusk, who resigned recently. Henry A. Byroade of Indiana, to be an assistant secretary of state, succeeding George C. Me- Ghee, who resigned to become am- bassador to Turkey. Howard H. Sargeant of Rhode Island, to be an assistant secretary of state, succeeding Edward W. Barrett, who resigned. Graham Likens Self To Western Union Boy WASHINGTON Evangelist Billy Graham told an audience of persons last night he was like a Western Union boy, deliver- ing "the message of God American people." The message, he said, was Last Graham open- ed his revival meetings to last until mid-February, his topic was sin. This week, he said; he will discuss conversion, with empnasU tonight faith- Plane Crashes In New Jersey, 28 Persons Dead Robert Patterson, Former Secretary Of War a Victim By GEOFFREY GOULD and FRANCES LEWINE ELIZABETH, N. J. Wl-A fog- bound American Airlines passenger plane, groping its way into Newark airport on instruments, nose-dived into a residential area yesterday and brought flaming death to its 23 occupants and five other per- sons. Robert P. Patterson, 60-year-old former secretary of war under President Truman, was one of the plane's victims. The silver, twin-engined Convair, inbound from Buffalo, hurtled into a three-story frame apartment building, and ex- ploded in a mass of leaping, orange flames that en- veloped two near- by dwellings. A mother and her two children were killed as their home col- lapsed about them. A third child, trapped in another building, and an unidenti- fied person also died in the R. P. Patterson flames. Screaming residents ran for safe- ty. Eleven persons were injured, including nine occupants of nearby homes. Also hurt were a fire- man and a rescue worker, who joined disaster units at the scene, just 2.8 miles from Newark air- port. Clouds of Steam For 90 minutes, no one could get near the raging inferno, where the 18 passengers, three crew members and two company per sonnel aboard the plane were burned beyond recognition. For a time the roaring blaze threatened to engulf the entire block. Clouds of steam and smoke blanketed the area, which is less than a mile from the spot where a Miami airline, non-scheduled plane crashed in the shallow Eliza- beth river 38 days ago, killing 56 persons in the nation's second worst commercial plane disaster. Yesterday's crash brought imme- diate demands from New Jersey's two United States senators and a congressman for a full investiga- tion of the plane and Newark air port facilities. Would Change Airport Mayor James T. Kirk said this city of about 12 miles southwest of New York city, has been living under an "umbrella of danger" and that Newark airport should be relocated "regardless of cost." -President Truman in a state ment from Washington described Patterson as "a great American and a great public servant." Patterson was under-secretary of war throughout World War II and secretary from September, 1945, until July, 1947. The plane narrowly missed Bat (Continued on Page 8, Column 3) PLANE New Sub-Zero Cold Wave Hits Midwest By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sub-zero cold spread over wide areas of the Midwest today as wintry weather of snow, ice and strong winds hit areas from the Rockies to New England. The Dakotas and Western Minnesota dug out from a blizzard that nearly paralyzed transportation. Snowplow crews worked overnight in the biting cold to open the wind-drifted roads of packed snow in he blizzard belt. It was 30 degrees below zero in Grand Forks, N. D., early today. Minnesota reported readings of -20 and it was -12 in Iowa. No im- mediate relief from the icy blasts was in prospect. The Arctic air from Western Janada that hit the Northern Rockies and Northern Plains push- ed across the mid-continent. It was cold southward to the Gulf of Mex- ico and eastward to the Appala- chians. All branch line train travel over the Dakotas and Western Minne- iota was canceled. Main line pas- senger trains were running sev- eral hours late. The eastbound Olympian Hiawatha, due in Min- neapolis at a.m. Tuesday was more than 20 hours late after being stranded 12 hours in drifts in Mo- bridge, in central South Dakota. A 15-year-old Winner, S. D., girl became the storm's first reported victim. Virginia Spinar froze to death in a rural schoolhouse after a car carrying school youngsters to their homes stalled on a side road. Authorities said her body was found Tuesday in the school where she had taken shelter after the car stalled. The others in the car had made their way on foot to the Spinar farm. Northern Pacific trains to and from Winnipeg, Man., were drift- ed in at Manitoba Junction, 30 miles northwest of Detroit Lakes, Minn., but plows from both di- rections were expected to free them. Winds, which reached velocities of more than 50 miles an hour in the three states, diminished today as the blast of sub-zero cold struck. Schools were closed in nun dreds of communities as highway travel halted. Eight of the nine persons reported missing in the Mitchell-Pierre-Murdo areas of South Dakota were found by snow- plow crews in a farmhouse which had no telephone. The missing persons had started out on high- way trips. There were snow flurries and strong winds over the Great Lakes region. Light snow fell from West- ern Nebraska to parts of Wyo- ming, Montana and Idaho. Rain mixed with snow hit parts of Washington and Oregon. Snow and rain pelted the north- eastern states yesterday. The snowfall measured three inches in Northern Maine but the snow changed to rain in other parts of New England. The rain not only washed away the fresh snow but also up to three inches of old snow on the ground in northern areas. New York state reported a mix- ture of light snow, sleet and rain. Winds of 41 miles an hour, with gusts up to 52 m.p.h., were report- ed in Buffalo. A small tornado struck near Moultrie, Ga., last night, injur- ing eight persons, none seriously. The injured were treated for cuts, bruises and1 shock. The twister wrecked a score of homes. Michael V. DiSall. DiSalle to Quit As Price Boss, Run for Senate WASHINGTON Michael V Di Salle announced today he will quit as price boss to run for the United States Senate in Ohio. Di Salle would seek the Demo cratic nomination. Senator Brick er, Republican, comes up for re election this year. Salle told a news conference the date he leaves the.Office of Price Stabilization will be deter mined later. He said be might re main for some time, probably un til President Truman names a successor. Di Salle made the announce- ment after he had talked with President Truman at the White House for some 50 minutes. From the White House, he went to his office. He received reporters there and announced his decision to seek a seat in the Senate. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Thursday; colder1 to- night with continued cold Thurs- day. Low tonight 8 below zero in the city; 15 below in surrounding country; high Thursday afternoon, 10 above. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, noon, precipitation, 2 inches snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 13. Making Formal Bid for Favor From Democrats Tennessee Senator Entered in Illinois Against McMahon WASHINGTON Politicians here look for Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee to flip his coonskin campaign cap into the ring today in a formal bid for the Democrat- ic presidential nomination. Supporters already have entered Kefauver's name in the April 8 Illinois presidential primary, where Sen. Brien McMahon, Con- necticut Democrat, also will be a contestant. Noting McMahon's entry in that primary, Kefauver commented, "Competition is a fine and said the development "should make for a race in fine spirit." That sounded to politicians like Kefauver was 'getting ready to make it official. Good Friends The Tennesseean described Mc- Mahon as "a good friend and an able man." Reports persisted that McMahon was in the Illinois race as part of a move by backers of President Truman to counter Kefauver. Kef- auver has said, however, he placet "no credence" in such reports. Mr. Truman still is keeping everybody guessing on whether lit will seek another term. Pending announcements of his decision, the President's friends reportedly are trying to round up support for a candidate of his choos- such states as Illinois and Minnesota. Sen. McMahon, a strong administration supporter agreed to run as a "fav- orite son" candidate in the March 18 Minnesota Democratic presiden- tial primary. Humphrey said last week he was entering the con- test at the request of Mr. Tru- man and that the state delega- tion would cast its votes for the President if he bid for re-election. Ike Makes Views Known On the Republican side, sup- porters of Gen. Eisenhower for the GOP nomination could point to views he made public yesterday regarding Western Europe as an indication of how he can speak out on some matters while still in uniform. Eisenhower, supreme command- er of the North Atlantic defense forces, said in Paris he believed a constitutional convention should be called by European nations "to examine and actually cope with the problems of a greater econom- ic and political unit" Sen.- Case (R-SD) said Eisenhow- er's stand regarding Europe "should add to his strength as a presidential candidate." Eisenhower backers also hailed the general's statement that Rus- sia could no longer hope for quick victory in a global war. They said this answered any arguments that Eisenhower's task in Europe made him "indispensable" and, hence, not available for the presidency. This Is A Daylight Vttw of the wreckage of The American Airline plane that crashed at Eliza- beth, NJ. The Convair plane cut off rows of houses. Across the street can be seen the Battin High 'School which it narrowly missed. All of the passengers died as did several residents of the homes. Wirephoto to The Bepublictu- Berald.)
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