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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Snow Flurries Tonight, Fair Thursday Wear Your Winter Carnival Emblem VOLUME 51, NO. 274 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 9, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Offer Germany Full Partnership U. S. in Shadow of War, Truman Cautions Urges Congress Step Up Defense Plan of Nation Asks Political Campaign That Won't Weaken Stand Before World By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON Truman proposed to Congress today that it join him in an election year armis- tice on "political fights" which might endanger the nation- al interest at a time when all men walk "in the shadow of a third World War." He declared "we are moving through a perilous time" Soviet Russia steadily increasing its armed might, and "all of and Demo- TODAY Ike Urged To Step Up Activity By JOSEPH STEWART ALSOP backers of General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower have got their man in the not, it must be add- ed, in quite the way they had hop- ed. They wanted the general to become a fighting candidate later on. Instead, they have got an avowed, available and firmly Re- publican candidate now, but at the price of his aloofness from the dust and sweat of the pre-convention ftruggle. The story that ended with Gen. Eisenhower's Monday statement indicating the attitude above-out- lined, casts considerable light on the status of his candidacy. It be- gins at the time when his backers organized themselves under the chairmanship of Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts, when they soon discovered three un- pleasant facts. First, the rival organization of Sen. Robert A. Taft, which is cer- tainly the largest, the most power- ful and the most plentifully financ- ed pre-convention organization ev- er seen in this country, had been doing a considerably more effec- tive job than was supposed. Want of Own Kind Second, the professional Repub- lican-politicians all over the coun- try hankered so strongly for one of then- own kind, symbolized by Sen. Taft, that they were prepar- ed to take considerable risks in choosing the nominee. Third, President Truman's pro- gressive loss of strength, owing to the corruption issue and other fac- tors, was persuading the profes- sional Republican politicians that the risk of nominating Sen. Taft might not be so great after all. Thus the prospective Postmasters and Collectors of Internal Revenue were more and more inclined to follow their fancy into the Taft camp. The impact of these three facts in turn drove the Eisenhower back- ers to alter their strategy. They had intended to" refrain from forc- ing the General's hand, but now they were impelled to. Thus, in mid-December, Sen. Lodge wrote the General a letter asking him to announce his candidacy at an early date. When the General replied non- committally, consternation spread through the Eisenhower camp. Feeling was strong that the whole effort on Gen. Eisenhower's behalf would soon reach a dead end. Ev- en the strongest and most loyal Eisenhower men talked of aband- oning their struggle, if the General should prove obdurate in refusing to declare himself. Muit Bo ActivB Candidate "We're out on the bank for him one of them put it. "But if he won't come out with us, then he's got to let us slide back into the stream as best we can." In this atmosphere, Sen. James Duff of Pennsylvania is known to have followed Sen. Lodge's letter with an even stronger one, laying the whole position before the Gen- eral in the bluntest terms. If re- port is correct, Sen. Duff on the one hand assured the General that he could get the nomination, but on the other hand warned him that (Continutd on Page 15, Column 8) ALSOPS crats of us are Ameri- cans; and we are going to sink or swim together." "The United States and the whole free world are passing through a period of grave he said. "Every action you take here in Congress, and every action I take as Mr. Truman told a joint meeting of senators and rep- resentatives, "must be measured against the test of whether it helps to meet that danger. i Silent On New Taxes "We haVe a great responsibility to conduct our political fights in a manner that does not harm the national interest." In a "State of the Union" mes- sage of unusuargfavity, delivered in person in the House chamber, the President even left open the question of how much, if any, new increases in taxes he will ask in his economic and budget messages. He said only that the country must have "high taxes" over the next few years and that they must be "shared among the people as fairly as possible." Since the outbreak of the Korean war in June, 1950, Congress has voted three tax bills increasing revenues by an estimated making the total tax load about for the current fiscal year ending June 30. The total is expected to rise as much as three billion more in fiscal 1953 as the nation experiences the full force of the latest raise, voted last fall. And he asked for this year only those "fair deal" measures he said will "contribute most to defense." At the same time, he included his controversial civil rights proposals among them, asking they be per- mitted to come to a vote. Bigger Air Force Mr. Truman said he will recom- mend in his budget message later this month, "some increases" in the size of the armed forces which he said now totals nearly men. These increases will involve "particular emphasis on ah- pow- he said, and will mean "large- scale production of planes and other equipment for a longer per- iod of time than we had originally planned." Secretary of Defense Lovett said early in December budget plans call for an' air force of 143 wings instead of 90, 126 of the increased group to be combat units. The President reported that planes, tanks and other arms are being delivered at the rate of one and one-half billion dollars worth a month and that "a year from now, we expect this rate to be doubled." President Truman today delivered his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress meeting in the House chamber. Seated behind the President are Vice President Alben W. Bark- ley, left, and House Speaker Sam Rayburn. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) NWA Plane Crashes, 3 Aboard Not Hurt MINNEAPOLIS four-engine Northwest Airlines transport made a forced landing in a swamp just after it had taken off today on a routine pilot check flight Three crewmen, the only persons aboard, escaped injury. The plane came down in a swamp area known as Mother Lake. It slid about 500 feet in the snow, shearing off three propellers. The remainder of the plane was not badly damaged. Aboard, all of Minneapolis, were Captain Bob Ausley, Co-Pilot Le- roy Anderson, and O. D. Schroe- der, check pilot. The wheels of the plane were retracted for the emergency land- ing and there were no obstructions Soviet Attempt To Change Truce Talks Smothered PARIS (Sh- The United Nations Political Committee today smoth- ered a Soviet attempt to force Kor- ean truce negotiations to be taken up by a special high-level meeting of the Security Council. The vote was 50 to 6 with 11 ab- stentions. The 60-nation committee agreed, however, to recommend the hold- ing of a special security council delegates of foreign minister or similar dis- cuss world tensions. It knocked out the Soviet bloc demand that the meeting be called "without delay." Brazil, France, Britain, and the U.S. offered an amendment pro- posing the high-level meeting only when the Security Council itself decided that such a meeting would have some effect. The vote on the amendment was 43 to 5 with 8 abstentions. City Taxes Vary, Survey Indicates CHICAGO of some city, San Francisco, Min- U.S. cities are paying up to six times as much in city taxes as are residents of some other cities, a survey indicated here. The study was made by Com- merce Clearing House, Inc., a private organization that reports on tax and business law develop- ments. It stated each resident of Wash- ington, D.C. paid an average of as his or her share of that city's tax burden for 1950. Each resident of Birmingham, Ala., paid only Washington, whose resident es- cape the state taxes paid in other cities, was followed closely by Bos- ton with and Newark, N. J., with The survey listed these other cities in order of their per capita tax burden as follows: Jersey City, N J., New York neapolis, Minn., Baltimore, Rochester, N. Y., Milwaukee, Wis., Louisville; Ky., Buffalo, N.Y., De- troit, St. Louis, St Paul, Minn., Denver, Philadel- phia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Atlanta, Oakland, Calif., Kansas City, New Orleans, Chicago, Cincinnati, Toledo, 0., Portland, Ore., Dallas, Tex., Houston, Tex., Los Angeles, Seattle, Wash., San-Diego, Calif., Fort Worth, Texas, Indianapolis, Memphis, Tenn., Akron, O., San Antonio, Tex., Col- umbus, O., The total debt of the 39 cities covered in the survey was Then- general revenue for 1950 reached but ex- penditures were near as the big plane skidded. John Nachicas, owner of a filling station at 58th Street and Cedar Avenue, near the swamp, said one of the crewmen told him the plane's engines "conked" out. A crewman used-the filling station telephone to notify his family that everyone aboard escaped injury. A dozen ambulances and 15 Min- neapolis police squad cars were dispatched to the scene. A firehose was extended from a nearby hy- drant but-there was no fire. The forced landing occurred about 100 yards from the home of James W. Crabtree. State Fair Earns Profit ST. PAUL Minnesota State Fair turned a profit last fall despite bad breaks in the weather. Attendance hit only short of record 1950, despite rain on seven of the ten days, Secretary Douglas K. Bald- win said hi his annual report to the Minnesota State Agricultural So- ciety. Weather also played a part in cutting profits, in that repair of damage from two violent summer storms cost the fan" a record 242. The grandstand was virtually unroofed and the electrical system on the grounds damaged, among other things, Baldwin said. Operating revenue in 1951 was compared with 1950's The fair had a cash balance of on Nov. 30, end of its fiscal year. Governor Anderson 'and. Robert J. Lund, Thief River Falls, were scheduled as principal speakers at today's afternoon 'session. Tonight, delegates were to join with the Minnesota Federation of County Fairs for the annual banquet' of 'the two groups. County fairs also are a million- dollar institution, the federation was told yesterday. Exposition? took in and paid out for premiums. Fair managers expressed joy over the fact that there will be no repeat on the payment made to the federal government in 1951 for admissions taxes. Con- gress recently held the fairs were educational shows and repealed the levy u it affected them. River Parkway Wins Backing of 2 U.S. Agencies WASHINGTON federal agencies have recommended de- velopment of a Mississippi river parkway, an 81 million dollar proj- ect extending some miles from Lake Itasca, Minn., to the Gulf of Mexico. The recommendation was made in a joint report yesterday of the Bureau of Public Roads and the National Park Service. The agen- cies estimate cost of the develop- ment at around 81 million dollars. The report emphasized that fed- eral aid would be needed for the project and recommended that the ten river states develop the plan. It suggested the plan be adminis- tered by the state highway depart- ments. Existing highways and bridges could be brought up to standards gradually, the report said. Only 40 per cent of the proposed route is believed to require new con- struction. The report indicated if. would cost 770 million dollars to build an entirely new parkway from Lake Itasca to New Orleans. And to build new highways on both sides of the river from St. Paul to the gulf would cost nearly one and one-half billion. The report recom- mended neither of these last two proposals. More Bogus Bills Found DULUTH U. S. Secret Serv- ice agents revealed last night that bogus bills-had been recovered from three more Minnesota com- munities. The currency was passed at mu- nicipal liquor stores at Carlton and Barnum, and Archie's Tavern at Scanlon last week. The disclosure came as Lee G. Wiley, 31, Dulnth, and Felix Wil- liams, 36, Minneapolis, were bound over for trial at the May term of federal court in Superior, Wis., on charges of possessing and pass- ing counterfeit money. C. W. Bis- hop, U. S. commissioner- at Su- perior, set bonds at apiece. They were jailed in lieu of furnish- ing the bonds. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and cold with snow flurries tonight. occasional Thursday generally fair. Low tonight 15, high Thursday 22. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: .Maximum, 36; minimum, 24; noon, 25; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at 1 weather on Page 15. TOW BREAKS, ENTERPRISE HELPLESS Heavy Seas Almost Sweep Captain and Tug Mate Overboard LONDON waves threatened to write the end of the Flying Enterprise saga today and almost swept Capt. Kurt Carlsen into the sea he has defied for 13 days. The American freighter, broken loose from its tug, was being smashed mercilessly 30 miles off the English coast as Carlsen and his lone companion, Kenneth Dan- cy, tried to make fast a new line. The Enterprise was sinking a lit- tle every hour and at times the wallowing hulk, almost on its side, seemed in imminent danger of turning upside down. The towline with the tug Turmoil broke at a.m. and for the next 13 hours, whenever the waves would permit, Carlsen and Dancy made ready to get another rig aboard. Then, shortly before 3 p.m., they barely saved them' selves from going overboard, Narrow Eseapa The U. S. destroyer Willard Keith, standing by, reported: "Carlsen and Dancy narrowly escaped being swept into sea while at bow of Enterprise attempting re-rig. "Unable to pass tow this weather which believe typical of this area, therefore outlook not favorable im- mediate future." Veteran tugmen at the scene gave the Enterprise only a 50-50 chance of reaching dock as dusk descended. The swells crashing against the crippled freighter forced a halt in all attempts to get a new line aboard. Carlsen and Dancy, Clinging like monkeys to the al- most vertical deck, had hacksawed away the remnants of the towline that broke early today. Hit Christmas Storm The Enterprise was drifting northeast at slightly more than half a mile an hour. Its early list of 60 degrees had increased to 70 degrees, indicating that its main cargo of pig iron had shifted more early today. The freighter was riding visibly lower in the water than yesterday, but the ex? amount of sinking was hard reckon. The Flying Enterprise, en route from Hamburg to New York, ran into a Christmas hurricane, and suffered a deck crack Dec. 27. The passengers and crew abandoned ship Dec. 28, but Carlsen Insisted on staying aboard. Horse Meat Sold as Beef, OPS Says CHICAGO An Office of Price Stabilization spokesman said today federal officials have uncovered a racket in which cheap horsemeat is sold as ex- pensive beef throughout Illi- nois. The yield to operators. the OPS source said, is a million dollars year. Horsemeat, used in the man- ufacture of pet foods, sells at 14 cents a pound. The OPS said it has been sold as beef in Chicago and many other Illi- nois cities at prices ranging up to a pound. Michael Howett, OPS Chica- go regional administrator, said a federal grand jury investiga- tion has been requested at Springfield to seek indictments of persons involved. Howard Doyle, U. S. district attorney at Springfield, was reported en route to Chicago. Indictments are expected to be sought against some J20 wholesalers and slaughterers in Bloomington, Danville, Spring- field, Rock Island, Paris and parts of McHenry County. Farmer Bitten By Rabid I'og In Mower County AUSTIN, Minn. Rabies traceable to skunks, has been transmitted to hogs on two Mower county farms, reports by veteri- narians to the state Livestock San- itary board show. One farmer, bitten by an infect- ed hog, was given antirabies treat ment at an Austin clinic. Frank Krulish reported he lost three hogs in his herd. Bernard Reagan, Rose Creek farmer, was bitten on one finger by a hog that died the following day. Examination showed the hog had rabies. Regan was treated in Austin. Reagan said a skunk was seer chasing kittens on his farm, anc was killed but the skunk's head was too badly mangled to permit ex- amination. In St Paul, Dr. R. L. West, exe- cutive officer 'of the state Live- stock Sanitary board said six- month quarantines are placed on farm livestock herds where rabiei have been found. U.S., Britain Sack European Defense Setup Germans Would Be 'Full and Equal' Partners WASHINGTON W President Truman and Prime Minister Chur- chill today pledged their govern- ments to full rapport of a "Euro- jean defense community" with Germany "full and equal part- Household Goods, Building to Be Cut WASHINGTON of most household goods is due to be cut to 40 per cent of pre-Korean War levels and construction of new homes is to be reduced about 23 per cent beginning next April. This announcement came today from Manly Fleischmann, the defense production administrator, who also said that automobile production is to be curtailed by at least seven per cent for the first ------------------six months of this year. Fleischmann testified before the Senate-House preparedness com- mittee. He said makers of such nones- sentials as jewelry and toys win be given slight increases in allot- Badger Employe Arrested, Accounts Short by MILWAUKEE A trusted wom- an employe of 23 years service with the Milwaukee office of the State Motor Vehicle Department, was arrested Tuesday, after a state accountant reported a short- age of in her accounts. She is Miss Edna Mary Kelly, 40. Joseph Tierney, deputy district attorney, quoted her as saying she spent the money for clothes and furnishing her apartment and "gave some to a gentleman friend." She refused to name the "gentleman friend." She admitted, according to Tier- ney, taking it in sums of from July to Dec. from daily receipts she was_ given to deposit. She was cashier at the Milwaukee office, for the last sev- en years. Her monthly salary was ments of aluminum and copper during the April-June quarter so that they can continue in business. Most of those involved are smal businesses which had been cul heavily on the use of these metals in the first three months of this year. Fleischmann said enough allot- ments would be made to suppon present school and hospital build- ing projects and to start construc- tion of some new buildings. The number of new railroad car! to be produced will be reduced about 14 per cent, he testified. He said there would be some increase in shipbuilding but that only the most important new highways could be built Automobile production is to be reduced at least seven per cen' below the present rate. The DPA allowed the manufacturers only enough copper and aluminum to produce cars and onlj enough steel to produce in the quarter. i ner." An official communique sum- marizing the results of four dayt of talks between the chiefs of state of the United States and Britain, pledged their determination to work jointly to insure world "peace and security." Mr. Truman and Churchill re- ported a "complete identity of aims" in promoting stability, peaceful development and eco- nomic progress in the Middle East. As to the Far East, Mr. Tru- man and Churchill reported a "broad harmony of view." No on Chine ;'We recognize that the over- riding need to counter the Com- munist threat in that area tran- scends such divergencies as there are in our policies toward the communique said. This evidently meant that Britain and the U.S. will not attempt im- mediately to reconcile their diver- gent views on the recognition of Red China. England has recog- nized her, the U.S. has not. Churchill and Mr. Truman gave their joint backing to a proposal that the World Bank take the lead in working out a solution to the bitter dispute between Iran and England over the seizure of oil properties in Iran. The communique .noted that the question 'of standardizing rifles used by the VS. and Britain was discussed, but said that neither country wishes "at this critical time" to take the momentous step of changing its rifle. Steel to Britain Hope was expressed that "agree- ment may be announced shortly" on an exchange of scare defense materials. The two discussed the shipment of U.S. steel to Britain in exchange for aluminum and tin, the communique reported. The two leaders made it clear that they "do not believe that war is inevitable." As a matter of fact, the com- munique listed this belief as "the basis of our policies." Mr. Truman and Churchill said they are confident that the rioting in Egypt can be solved by "the four power approach." This was not amplified. Son of Slain Woman Sought In Wisconsin NEW ORLEANS New Orleans States reported Tuesday state police investigators were en route to Wisconsin in a renewed search for a 5-year-old Louisiana boy missing since his mother and her male companion were found shot to death near Campti, La., last Oct. 18. The search was renewed, the States said, when a Texas woman gave precise identification of the blond, blue-eyed Joseph Douglas Neal, son of Sgt. Huey Neal, a Korean veteran returned to this country to aid in the search for his son. The States said that in a tele- phone call from Cairo, HI., Sgt. Neal listed this chain of events leading to the Wisconsin search: resident of Atlanta, Texas. 120 miles from where Mrs. Neal and Warren Kraft of Mayville, Wis., were found shot to death, reported she had seen the boy with a man and a woman and two other children on Oct. 15. Medical au- thorities said that was the day Mrs. Neal and Kraft died. Their bodies were not found until three days later. Neal visited ,the Texas woman and the identification she gave of the child "was just as good as I could identify him my- self." by state police; Sgt. Neal-again visted the woman, who picked his son's picture out of a number presented her. identified the other chil- dren she saw as the son and- daughter of 'Kraft and his divorc- ed wife. Sgt. Neal said state investiga- tors told him they planned to que's- tion Mrs. Kraft, believed still "to" be a resident of Mayville in county, Wisconsin. f
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