Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Sunday Partly Cloudy, Warmer VOLUME 51, NO. 271 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5, 1952 Winchell Says It's 'Florentine FOURTEEN PAGES Wisconsin Centra While The British deep-sea tug Turmoil (top) took the badly listing American freighter, Flying Enterprise, in tow, the family- 'of dauntless Capt JHenrik Kurt Carlsen (below) get latest word of his battle to his ship at their home in Woodridge, N. J. Mrs. Agnes Carlsen and daughters Sonia and Karen read reports that the Turmoil, rated most powerful tug afloat, had put a seaman and a line aboard the Enterprise after the captain six dayi alone on his stricken vessel. U.N. Won't Yield To Red Air Threats MUNSAN, Korea A U. N. truce negotiator bluntly told the Communists today that the threat of growing Red air power in Korea not force the Allies to bow to the Communists' armistice demands. "The United Nations command did not come to Korea to sur- render said Maj. Gen. Howard M. Turner. "You have cast yourself in the role of a bandit who says to his victim 'You have nothing to fear from me so long as you surrender your purse and walk away without A TODAY Indo-China Crisis Calls For Action By Joseph and Stewart Atsop WASHINGTON The French government has formally warned Washington that an invasion of to- do-China by the Chinese Commu- nists is being planned, as previous- ly reported in this space. The French have also informally, pro- posed direct American military aid, including ground, air and nav- al intervention, in the event of such an invasion. This is the meas- ure of the full gravity of the situa- tion developing in Indo-China. This situation has in turn con- fronted President Truman and the National Security Council with an absolutely crucial and desperately difficult decision. NSC must decide In short, the the answer to two questions. First, what can be done to deter and prevent a Chi- nese invasion of Indo-China before it starts? And second, if the inva- sion does take place, what must we do then? ALREADY, AT A MEETING last Friday, the NSC has wrestled with these nightmarish questions. No final decisions have been tak- en, and such decisions are only likely to be taken after further discussions both with the French and with Winston Churchill and his entourage. But it is possible to report the general shape of American official thinking on the problem. First, ihe Joint'Chiefs of Staff are for' the present unanimously opposed to any commitment to lend American1 forces to Indo- China under any circumstances. Air anct naval aid may be condi- tionally but the Joint Chiefs are convinced that there are not- enough American ground spare on any more piece-meal coiimitments on the Korean pattern. Their view may change, in the face of actual rather than potential aggression in Irido-China., as happened when (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) V ALSOPS creating a In a nearby conference tent, United Nations and Communist ne- gotiators haggled fruitlessly for more than three hours over how prisoners of war should be ex- changed, Reds Killing Time "Their arguments are getting pretty said Rear Adm. R. E. Libby. "It is obvious they are killing tions.' time waiting for instruc- Libby said the Reds refused to answer another request for an im- mediate exchange of sick and wounded prisoners. Subcommittees working on the problems of supervising an armis- tice and exchanging prisoners were deadlocked when they adjourned, but both scheduled meetings for 11 a. m. Sunday in Panmunjom. Saturday's session of the truce supervision subcommittee was brief but bitter. Turner lambasted the Reds in replying to a statement made Friday by Chinese Maj. Gen. Hsieh Fang. Won't Yield To Threat "You suggested that if the U.N. commander was so concerned for the security of his forces he should withdraw from Turner said. "What a typical piece of up- side down reasoning." "We have no intention of walking away under a threat of your devel- opment of air power during the armistice and leaving the South Koreans to your tender mercies." Thus issue of air field construc- tion during an armistice is the ma- jor stumbling block barring agree- ment on how to police a truce. The United Nations insist that no mili- tary air bases be built or repaired in North Korea, although a limited number of fields could be put in condition for civilian use. No More Concessions The Communists contend any restrictions on airfield that con- struction constitute interference in North Korea's internal affairs. The U.N. command issued a.for- mal statement Saturday declaring that it will make no more conces- sions on the supervision of an armistice. "We did not come here to make arrangements for our own destruc- the statement said. "It is taking time to get this across to them, but eventually they will have to understand it and accept The subcommittee on prisoner exchange met for three hours and 10 minutes without even a break for lunch, but failed to make pro- gress toward an agreement. U.N. delegates sent out for sand- wiches, but the Communists, ate nothing. Tug Lugs Crippled Freighter By ERNEST AGNEW LONDON Capt. Kurt Carlsen, shrouded in fog and drizz- ling rain, grabbed a line from the- bow of his split freighter Flying Enterprise today and the hurri- cane-beaten vessel was taken in tow. Still making good his vow to stay aboard the wallowing ship "Until I'm towed or the Danish- born skipper from Woodbridge, N. J., stayed put "in case the tow parts." The tow job is hazardous, and as long as he remained on the Fly- ing Enterprise there was a chance he might be cast adrift again by a broken tow hawser. There also was a possibility the ship might break in two at iLs split midrift before the 320 perilous miles to Falmouth, Eng., are covered at slow pace. Destroyer Near The tug Tur- moil churned the Atlantic with her broad-bladed propellers as the Fly- ing Enterprise slowly 'began to skid through the water on her port side. The vessel was list- ing as much as 80 degrees in the swells, but her shifted cargo of tons appeared to have stab- ilized her at about 65 degrees list. The U.S. Destroyer Willard Keith, which took over standby duties in the rescue effort this morning, radioed this report to U. S. Navy headquarters in Lon- don: West Proposes World Meeting To Ease Crises No Reference To Korea in New Plan The Western pow- ers were reported today to have drawn up a new proposal to coun- ter Russia's plan for a top level U.N. Security Council meeting on the Korean armistice and other world problems. A high United Nations source said Britian, the United States and some other countries would sub- mit a resolution calling for a high echelon meeting to ease world ten- sions, but would specify that the meeting be called only when the council is convinced there is some chance of success. There will be no reference to Korea in the West's proposal, which apparently is intended to counter growing favorable reac- tion to the Soviet plan among some Asian and Arab nations. The new plan will be presented to the U.N. which today political committee, continued to debate 'Turmoil passed towing gear to Flying Enterpriser's bow with Cap- tain Carlsen and the Turmoil's mate (Kenneth Dancy) handling it in the bow. "There is no change in the wea- ther. (An hour earlier, the Keith had reported fog and drizzle.) I Captain Jubilant I "Captain Carlsen is jubilant and desires to remain on board in case I the tow parts. Dancy, who clambered over the freighter's stern rail last night to help Carlsen fix the tow lines, re- mained aboard with him. The successful effort came only after 33 hours of effort from the time the Turmoil arrived. Part of the time she had to back off be- cause the seas were too rough even to try to shoot a light "mes- senger" line aboard. Carlsen was alone in the ship for more than six days until Dancy leaped onto the tilted deck last night ,His epic ordeal of the sea had lasted 10 days when the tow line was made fast. Hurricanes split his vessel across the middle, cracked the midships hold, let tons of water cascading through and knocked out the power so he couldn't steer into shipping lanes. The crew of 40 and 10 passengers leaped for life into the churning seas after stand by help arrived. The stubborn courageous Carl- sen refused to save himself, pre- ferring to chance the sea'in his own ship. the ll-nation resolution endorsing the U.N. anti-aggression plan. Instructions Awaited Highly qualified sources said the originators of the new resolution are awaiting authorization from their home governments before in- troducing it formally. The sources also said the dele- gations are having additional talks with other U.N. members in an attempt to line up as many spon- sors as possible for the plan. The anti-aggression proposal, submitted by the U.N. collective measures committee, .would estab- lish the aSachinery -by which the U.N. veto-free assembly could act when the Security Council is ham- strung by the veto. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky violently opposed the program and introduced his own resolution calling for a special se- curity council meeting at which the members would be represent- ed by their foreign ministers or chiefs of state. His resolution sug- gested that this meeting take -up the question of the Korean armis- tice as the first order of business. Conrad Winging Way South on Flight to Miami MINNEAPOLIS Conrad headed his light plane for Miami again this morning in a second at- tempt at a non-stop flight to the Florida city. His Piper Pacer was loaded with 130 gallons of gasoline as'it took off from Wold-Chamberlain airport at a. m. Also on board were 11 snowballs packed in dry ice. One is from the Minneapolis Chamber of Com- merce and ten are from'the Con- rad children! They are to be pre- sented to the city of Miami. Conrad started for Miami yester- day but was forced back by poor flying weather near Fort Wayne, Ind. He expects the flight .will take about 12 hours, provided winds are favorable. Conrad hopes to take in part of the Miami air races. Churchill Reaches Washington Prospects for World Peace Solid in 1952, He Believes By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Minister Winston Churchill of Britain came to Wasn- ington today intent on recreating the "friendly atmosphere" he enjoyed during war- time with the President of the United States. President Truman was at the airport to meet the buoyant English statesman who brought with him on his first visit to the United States since 1949 this personal opinion: The prospects for world peace are solid in 1952." Churchill, pastmaster at personal diplomacy, had advance assurance of a hearty welcome from the President who succeeded his war- time collaborator, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Churchill told President Truman that co-operation of their two coun- tries can assure "peace and hope and salvation on earth for strug- gling mankind." The two shook hands warmly, and Mr. Truman told Churchill: Mr. Prime Minister, I can't telJ you when I have had more pleasure than I have had today in welcom- ing you to the United States of America. Great Britain and the United States have always been the clos est friends. We want to keep them that way." After Churchill had responded and made his reference to peace. Mr. Truman added a last word, "Peace on earth is what we are both striving for." Mr. Truman said on Thursday there are many things he and Churchill can discuss profitably. Must Understand However, Mr. Truman doesn't conduct his foreign policy affairs on the same man-to-man basis favored by Mr. Roosevelt and Churchill himself said in New York today that the American and British people should not expect "a lot of decisive and startling conclusions" to come out of the current talks. The'two Western powers "must understand each Churchill also said in a brief'news confer- ence at a Brooklyn pier after his trans-oceanic voyage on the liner Queen Mary. He said he hoped the tour days of the Washington talks would raise the relations between America and Britain above "the paper level." Churchill summed up the pur- pose of his journey in these words: "To establish that close and in- timate understanding between heads of government on both sides of the ocean so that we may deal with the events of the future with a knowledge of the other's point of view." His remark about 1952's peace prospects being "solid" was in reply to a reporter's question. He did not elaborate. Asked, too, during his brief stop over in Brooklyn whether the Rus- sians' threat to peace had grown or lessened in recent months, Churchill replied: Flies in Truman Plane "I don't think there is any great- er danger now than at the time of the Berlin airlift, provided we take prudent measures." However, he added: "I'm not a member of their cabinet so I can't tell how they are talking now." Churchill was asked whether he saw any advantage in a meeting between President Truman and Premier Stalin. "It all depends on the setting and the events leading up to the prime minister replied. "Of course, it would be very satisfactory if we could get a set- tlement of the many common dif- ficulties that confront us." The list of subjects Mr. Truman and Churchill are expected to dis- cuss range from atomic weapons to relations the Korean with war Russia, from and armistice talks to the defense of the West Fourteen in the center of a 69-car Great Northern freight train were derailed and huddled together like a litter of pigs today at Albertvffle, 35 miles south of here. No one was hurt Trainmen blamed a broken wheel or for the derailment Traffic was rerouted over Northern Pacific tracks between St Cloud and the Twin Cities until the wreckage is cleared. CAS. Photo.) t President Truman is shown above welcoming British Premier Churchill at National Airport at noon today as Churchill arrived at Washington for four days of talks. The British leader flew from New York to the national capital after crossing the Atlantic on the Queen Mary. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Gov. Anderson Plans Vacation in Florida ST. PAUL Gov. Anderson revealed last night that he and his family will leave Wednesday for a ten-day vacation at St. Petersburg, Fla., making up for the holiday the Andersons missed last summer as he prepared to take over as governor. D Sabre Jets, MIGs Tangle SEOUL Sabre jets and Communist MIGs tangled in a 20-minute aerial duel over North- west Korea today but neither side inflicted any damage. The clash between 21 Allied F- 86s and 40 MJG-15s was the first aerial combat since Thursday. Sa- bre jets were grounded Friday by snow. Another Sabre, jet flight sighted 25 MIGs between Sinanju and Sinu- iju but neither side made a firing pass. Overnight fighter-bombers claim- ed destruction or damage to 80 en- emy vehicles in attacks on an es- timated vehicles moving un- der cover of darkness. On the ground, only light probes and patrol contacts were report- ed along the 145-mile front. An Eighth Army staff officer es- timated enemy casualties for .the past seven days at Allied losses, he added, were "unbelieve- ably light" A weekly Air Force summary listed six aircraft; downed in the past seven days. An were lost-to enemy ground ftie. Four Commu- nist jets were period. damaged in the Snow, Freezing Rain Pelts East, Middle West By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Snow and freezing rain pelted parts of the central and eastern United States today while the Rocky mountain region caught its breath after a rugged New Year's storm. Moderate to heavy snow was re- ported over a section of the Mid- west that included most of lower Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minne- sota and Illinois. From two to six inches of snow fell in Iowa yes- terday. Northern Illinois, including Chicago, got four inches. The snow ended in the Midwest except for a few flurries in Mich- igan. But sleet and snow hit Penn- sylvania and snow fell in New York state and moved into New Eng- land early today. An extensive low pressure area in the eastern part of the coun- try brought rain in the Caro- linas and parts of Georgia and Ala- bama and the Middle Atlantic states. Temperatures showed little change across the country in the last 24 hours, if was sub-zero in. Northern Maine and in some Mid- west areas. The Lower Mississippi valley and the Ohio valley.'were caught in a belt of freezing rain. Hardest hit by the icy conditions were Virgm- ia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Indiana. More snow was forecast for Northern Colorado and Wyoming late today. Forecasters said South- western Colorado, gripped by snow and sub-zero temperatures for five days, would miss most of the new snowfall. Four deaths were blam- ed on the storm in Colorado. The blizzard was termed the most se- vere in modem Colorado .history. l Air Service Assured by CAB Ruling Airline Planning To Begin Flights In 60 to 90 Days After more than three years of waiting, airline car- rier service was assured for Winona today. The Civil Aeronautics Board, in a decision filed at Washington at noon Winona time, awarded the Chicago- Twin Cities route, via La Crosse and Winona, to Wis- ;onsin Central Airlines of Madison. First announcement of the long-awaited ruling was re- ceived by The Republican- Herald from Senator Hubert a. Humphrey who called this news- japer from his hotel in Minnea- polis. The senator is spending m days in Minnesota before re- to Washington for the open- ng of Congress. The fight to provide service over what is known as the North Cen- tral Route was between Wisconsin Central and Air- lines of Kansas City. A CAB ex- aminer recommended the route be given to Wisconsin Central several months ago after a series of hear- ings and today's ruling merely con- Brms the recommendations of examiner. Ac Soon Possible Nothing is definite as to when service will begin, but Francis M. Higgins of Madison, president of Wisconsin Central, told The Repub- lican-Herald this morning that "we will begin operations just as fast as we know how." This may be wHhin M te JO days, he But there may be tome delay because of of the Feder- al Commis- sion relative to weather sta- tions, radio facilities and land- ing equipment.' "We are certainly pleased with the ruling of the Mr. Hig- gins said, "and it will be our aim to provide the best service possi- ble. I am familiar with the fine facilities at Winona and it will be a pleasure for us to serve your community." The Chicago-Twin Cities route includes stops at the combined JanesvBle-Beloit airport, Madison, La Crosse, Winona and Eau Claire. Rochester is not included although Winona, Rochester and La Crosse had requested a stop at Rochester in preference to Eau Claire. Wisconsin Central also was giv- en exclusive right to serve Do- luth and Superior under another, decision and Northwest Airlines which now serves Duluth will be required to abandon that service. Summer service to International' Falls and year-around service to Hibbing, from Duluth, was also provided. Other Routes Awarded Other routes given Wisconsin Central include Minneapolis to St. Cloud and Fargo, with additional stops at Alexandria and Fergus Falls, and Minneapolis to Grand Forks with stops at Brainerd, Thief River Falls and BemidjL Wisconsin Central DC-3 equipment, and plans two daily north and south total of four of Winona. Officials of the air- line plan to visit Winona soon to make arrangements to rent office space in the Airport Ad- ministration Building, Mr. Hig- gins said. The recommendations of CAB Examiner .Warren E. Baker, con- firmed by today's ruling, were as follows: 1. That Wisconsin Central pro- vide service for Winona on a route which will-include Minneapolis-Sfc Paul, Eau Claire, Winona, La Crosse, Madison, Janesvflle-Be- loit and Chicago. 2. That the application of Mid- Continent Airlines for a service route between Minneapolis St. Paul and Chicago be denied. (Continued on Page 3, Column el) AIRLINE SERVICE WEATHER 1 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at12 m. today: Maximum, -29; 1C; noon, 29; -precipitation, 2 snow; sun sets tonight at aim rises tomorrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona Vicinity Clearing and colder tonight Sunday partly cloudy.and somewhat warmer. Low tonight" 15 in city; 10 in country; high Sunday afternoon 35., Additional weather OB Page 7.