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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 5, 1951, Winona, Minnesota Continued Cold; Low Tonight in City, in Country Winona's 1951 Traffic Box Score Total accidents: 412 Killed: 3 Mend: 9t Property damage: 51, NO. 221 FfVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 5, 1951 SIXTEEN PAGES U.S. to Propose U.N. Arms Census TODAY Draft ike Movement in Danger By Joseph Altop Washington The propaganda of the Taft forces, that General D. Eisenhower is not a .Republican, and is really more likely to take the nom jination, is tainted at the source. The fact is that President Tru- man had waited Delay Buffer Zone Decision, Says U.N. -.one more month to offer the gen- eral the com- mand in Europe, he would have Joseph Aisop enrolled himself as a Republican ia New York state. Acting with General Eisenhower's knowledge, his friends at that time had al- ready sought to arrange his enroll- ment in Kansas, only to find that Kansas state law forbade it Oa the other hand, the fact must also be faced that the relation be- tween President Truman, as com- mander in chief, and General Eis- enhower, as an American- soldier in uniform, can easily constitute one of the most serious impedi- ments of the draft-Eisenhower movement. IT IS ON THE PUBLIC record that in 1945, while General Eisen- hower was still commanding in Germany, the President offered to support the general for any office he might desire, including the presidency. What is rot on record, but appears to be well authenti- cated, is that the President re- newed this offer to General Eisen- hower not long before the 1943 elec- tion. At that time an Eisenhower candidacy -was being much discuss- ed by both parties, and President Truman was himself actively pre- paring to make the fight to succeed himself. In there was all the dif- ference In the world between this reported second Truman offer, and the first one, made when the Pres- ident still had the habit of telling all and sundry that he did not want to be in the White House and wished to goodness he were anywhere else. If one considers for a moment Troopship Sinks Argentine Aboard Safe Bremerhaven, motorship Maipu- pride of Argentina's merchant rammed by a U. S. troop- ship and sank in the foggy North sea yesterday. The transport and German rescue craft saved all 238 persons aboard the Argentine vessel. The troopship, the General M. L. bow stove in by the into Bremerhaven last night with many Maipu sur- vivors aboard. the impact of such an offer, com- ing from the President and com- mander in chief to a soldier and man of honor, it is easy to see why the Truman-Eisenhower rela- tionship may be a stumbling block to the Eisenhower backers. The general's natural impulse must have been to match the President's generosity. There was only one way to do saying that he would not consider entering the lists against his former chief. No one can doubt the President's sin- cerity in making his offer, for he is anything but a trickster. But it is also true that he would have had to sit up all night thinking of a better way to make sure General Eisenhower would not run. IN THE PRESENT case, of course, there is no reason whatev- er to believe that the President will say again what he said be- fore. It would be extreme and dis- torted if he did so. But those close to him are frank to admit that even although the general may wish to keep the discussion strictly to military questions, the Presi- dent may be expected to bring up their common political problem. What they think the President will say is that he regards General Eisenhower as entirely free to make his own choice as to the po- litical problem in his own good time, only allowing the President the chance to find a successor for him if need be. the President does say this, there is again no doubt that he will be speaking .sincerely. He is a party man, but he is also a man of strong personal feeling whose loyalties govern his political be- havior, sometimes to his own grave disadvantage. On the other hand, even if the President merely assures the general that he is wholly free to make his own choice, it is again true that this will be another exhibition of gen- erosity, once more by implica- tion demanding somehow to be matched. this difficulty with his commander in chief, those who Should know assert that there are two other factors tending to hold General' Eisenhower back. The first is his known conviction that it is wrong to make the direct transition from service in uniform to the political struggle. The sec- ond is the often-repeated argument that the progress of Western re- Armament-depends upon General (Continued on Page 8, Column 3) ALSOPS i Answers But by three rehears- als at his Paris take-off, at a re- fuel stop at Mitchel Air Force base, N. Y., and upon arrival at Ft. the questions and answers had fallen into a pattern. So to save time, a cameraman called out: "General, make your Mitchel Field statement." Whereupon Ike recited: "I am here for one purpose only talk military affairs with my superiors in the Pentagon and else- where in Washington." There was handshaking and back-slapping as Ike came down the ramp from his plane to meet old associates, among them Secre- tary of Defense Lovett and Gen- eral Omar Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. Eisenhower's first call at the (Continued on Page 9, Column 4) IKE A special train was take them to Ham burg, the Maipu's port of call. The fact that the usually rough North sea was calm under its fog blanket was said to have played a large part in the 100 per cent successful rescue. The Maipu and the 000-ton transport, groping through early morning fog, collided 15 miles' offshore, near the German island of Waneroog. The crash tore a big hole in the Maipu's port side. The ship sank three hours after the ramming. _ Plan Statement 'Officers aboard the Hersey, car- rying U. S. 43rd division troops to Germany, refused to discuss the collision. They' said an official statement would be issued later. In Washington the number of those aboard the Hersey was given as: From the 43rd division, 163 of- ficers and men; casual re- placements, about 120 officers and some 120 men. The Maipu, built recently in a Dutch shipyard for the Argentine government line, was en route to Samburg, after a stop at Am- sterdam, with a cargo of frozen meat, coffee and grain, and the passenger complement. The collision was described by Paul D. Davis, a reporter for the Providence (R. I.) Journal and Julletin, who with Photographer Clinton Cram was with the troops aboard the Hersey. The 43rd units are largely from the New England National Guard and Davis and Cram had been sent by their pa- per to report the 43rd's latest ar- rivals. Ike Believed Stressing Delay In Arms Buildup By Elton C. Fay Dwigh D. Eisenhower, an old soldier for whom political booms was in the capital today to talk only about "military affairs with my superiors" at the White House and Pentagon. He was here at what the White House said was the suggestion o! President Truman for talks about the North Atlantic treaty organi- zation's (NATO) military defenses of Western Europe. The general said that was all that brought him whether he would be a presidential candidate had nothing to do with it. He flew into Washington last night from Ft. Knox, Ky., where he spent 24 hours seeing his son, Major John Eisenhower, and John's family. At the airport to meet him were most of the Pentagon's chiefs reporters, photographers and newsreel men in approximately platoon strength. They wanted to know about these rumors that he might tell the President or the country whether he would be a candidate. Hew Plan Asks 3 Other Points Be Considered Munsan, Korea The Unit- ed Nations today proposed by- passing the cease-fire buffer zone stumbling block until a Korean armistice is ready for signing. The U. N. suggested a perma- nent committee study the buffer zone issue while negotiators go ahead with talks on other points that must be settled before the fighting can end. The Reds said they would study the proposal tonight. Presumably they will give their reply at a meeting scheduled for 11 a.m. Tuesday (8 p.m. Monday, If the Communists agree to the proposal, the full delegations would go to work on these remaining points on the agenda: 1. Concrete arrangements to end the shooting and supervise the truce. 2. Exchange of prisoners of war. 3. Recommendations to the gov- ernments of the various countries concerned on both sides. (The Reds' demand that all foreign troops be withdrawn from Ko- rea comes under this heading.) May Hard Any one of these could develop into as hard a nut to crack as the location of the cease-fire buffer zone. The proposal came in a four- point formal statement read by Major General Henry I. Hodes in Monday's afternoon session of two- man subcommittees. It provided: 1. That both sides accept the principle that any cease-fire zone Only The Left Rear of the car was damaged, but Lester Markwardt, 1415 West Fourth street, was fatally injured when he flew out of the car as it spun around after being hit by the car in the background. Republican-Herald photo Intersection Death Boosts Traffic Toll Here to 5-Year High Lights Out "Cram and I were below in our tateroom talking about the thick og and how easy a collision could ccur in such Davis aid. "Suddenly we heard a runching and the ship heeled ver. "The lights went out and we grabbed our lifebelts and ran on eck. In a moment or so we could ee people climbing into lifeboats n the Maipu. There was some xdtement, and soldiers rushed up n deck to see what had hap- ened, but we saw no panic on ither ship." Davis said some of the Maipu's assengers sustained light injuries nd a few soldiers on the Hersey rere treated for bruises they got they were thrown against bulkheads by the crash. will be based on the battleline at the time of the armistice sign- ing, with "appropriate adjust- ments." 2. That the zone be two and one- half miles wide. 3. That a committee of three of- ficers from each side determine where the line of contact is and advise the full delegations at any time. 4. That the subcommittees now meeting report their agreement to the full delegation from both sides "with the recommendation that the latter proceed with the discussion of other items on the agenda. The proposal suggested the full delegations skip the touchy buffer zone problem "until such time as it is possible to settle it definite- ly." 19 Others Die On Highways In Two States By The Associated Press In addition to the Winona fatal- ity Sunday, five persons perished in Minnesota traffic accidents over the snow-covered weekend. In Wis- consin, the death figure was 14. A speeding passenger train hit a car during a near-blizzard late Saturday at Kent, killing four Not Accepting Hodes told the Reds the U. N. was not accepting their plan for a buffer zone based exactly on the line of contact between the Allied and Communist armies. The Reds made that proposal in the morning session Monday. The buffer zone problem has bogged down the truce talks since shortly after they got underway 1 at Kaesong July 10. By Gordon Holte Republican-Herald Staff Writer Traffic fatalities in the city mounted to the highest total in five years Sunday with the death of 46-year-old Lester Markwardt, 1415 West Fourth street, who was injured fatally in a two-car collision on West Wabasha street. Markwardt died in an ambulance en route to the Winona General hospital a few minutes after he had suf- fered a skull fracture and other injuries in a collision at the West Wabasha-South Baker street intersection at p. m. His was the third traffic death in the city this year and the ninth in Winona county. This is the heaviest city traffic toll since 1946 when four persons were killed In traffic mishaps in the city during the entire year. A former cafe proprietor at St. Charles, Markwardt was the sec- ond to die here of traffic injuries during the weekend. Saturday morning, 29-year-old .Jesse Soren- son, 177 West Howard street, died at the Winona General hospital of injuries suffered in an accident on a county road" near Altura Thursday morning. Student Drives Car Markwardt was driving south on South Baker street when his car and an automobile driven by Kim Teck (Bill) Tan, a student at St. Mary's college, collided near the Wabasha street crossing of the Milwaukee road tracks. Relatives said that Markwardt was driving from the home of his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Morgan Searight, on West Fourth street to his son's service station.at Gilmore avenue and Wil- sie street when the accident oc- curred. Tan, who was driving west on Wabasha street, said that as he approached the intersection he noticed the southbound Markwardt car. Tan told police that he applied his brakes immediately but was unable to stop on the snow and ice-packed street in time to avoid crashing into the left rear side of the Markwardt car. Skids Across Intersection Following the collision, the Markwardt car skidded across the intersection, ran over the curb and finally came to a stop on the boule- vard at the southwest corner. There was one witness of the crash, Edwin Spencer, 1110 Marion street, who was driving directly behind the Markwardt car. Spencer said that after the im- Atom Inspection Included in Plan United States was reliably reported today to decided to propose a world-wide arms census including a accounting of all atomic weapons. The U. S. plan, which will be placed before the United Nationi assembly here this week, -calls for a strict system of verification for the atomic accounting. This may prove to be the stumbling block which cpuld hold up indefinitely any disclosure of the number of atom bombs in the U. S. and Informed quarters said the arms pfoposal was the heart of the re- ported peace plan which President Truman will announce Wednesday night and which Secretary of State Dean Acheson will lay before the United Nations assembly, perhaps, on Thursday. Inclusion of atomic weapons in the proposed arms census repre- sents a drastic change in U.S. pol- icy. The census question has been before the U. N. since 1948, but was blocked by the Russian veto because the U. S. refused to in- clude atomic weapons. Word of the U. S. policy shift leaked out as the 60-nation assem- bly prepared to launch its 1951 meeting here Tuesday. The U. S. was reported asking Britain and France to support its new peace members family. of the Henry Volbert Dead are Volbert, 60; his wife, 47; their son, Ray, 18; and their daughter, Monica, 12. Another Volbert son, Le Claire, 16, saw the crash from their home. Le Claire was at home alone wait- ing for the family to return from a visit with friends. Funeral services for the victims may be Tuesday Le Claire's 16th birthday. Railroad Tangle Axel Eckstead, 68, New Brigh- ton, was killed when a railroad engine and caboose bit his car in rural Ramsey county. Eckstead was pinned in the wreckage after his car was dragged about 50 feet. The death of Ernest Cloud, 38, of Isabella, when his car plunged 40 feet into the icy St. Louis river at Duluth, was not classified as a traffic fatality. Authorities are still investigating the death. Cloud lifted a road block and drove off the open ramp of the Duluth-Su- perior bridge. Wisconsin's winter preview turn- ed out to be especially dangerous to motorists. Merlyns Phillips Childs, 25, Rhinelander, was killed Sunday when his car skidded into a ditch near Phlox in Langlade county. Harry Boettcher, 24, Waukesha, lost his life early Sunday when the auto in which he was riding went out of control after hitting a snow- drift on highway 59 near Wauke- sha. The car skidded 150 feet, glanced off two trees and smash- ed into a third. Sailor Home Two young persons were killed Sunday night when their auto was struck by a Milwaukee road train at a crossing near Oconomowoc. The Waukesha county sheriff's of- fice identified the victims as Sher- man Wickman, 21, of Johnson Creek (Jefferson a sailor home on leave, and Dolores No- vak, about 21, of Wisconsin Rapids. Two Racine men were killed and formula, timed to beat Russia to the peace punch before the So- viets have a chance to renew their expected peace offensive. The main points of the arms census are expected to be: 1, A U.N. demand upon all coun- tries for a complete accounting of ali troops and weapons. 2. An ironclad system for send- ing inspectors into any country to make first-hand verification of the figures submitted. Russia Favored In the past Russia has agreed in general terms to accept a system of inspection of atomic facilities, but her terms were never spelled out in concrete form. The Russian as stated in previous for in- spectors to be admitted periodical- ly to established facilities. The Russians- never have said they would give completely free access to U. N. inspectors to travel about the Soviet Union at will. The arms census plan is intend- ed as a preliminary step toward general reduction of armaments and armed forces. President Truman proposed to the last assembly that the U. N. combine atomic discussions with talks on conventional armaments. This idea has been accepted by the special committee which stud- ied the question during the sum- mer. It is now before the assem- bly for final action. The proposal to include atomic weapons in any general arms cen- sus thus is considered a logical follow-up to the proposed merger of the Atomic Energy commission and the commission for conven- tional armaments. The U. S. orig- inally opposed this merger also. Bulletins Washington Iff) General Dwight D. Eisenhower had round of talks with top military officials today before going fa the White House for a two-hour: talk with President Truman. The fifth United Nations General assembly re- jected at its final session to-' day Russian demand that the- question of giving China's tetf to the be given- priority in the sixth opening Tuesday. The was 11 for, 20 and 11 abstentions. Las Vegas, Nev. The fifth atomic blast in the current test series exploded at a. m. (CST) today. Thirty seconds later the atomic cloud customary in the detonations could be seen from Las Vegas rising over the Yuc- ca flat test site, 75 away. Amarlllo, C-4T1 troop carrier with 39 persons aboard, crashed while' making an emergency landing- at the Tucumcart; N. M., air-: port teday, the Amarillo Globe was told. U.N. Troops Give Up Two Korean Hills U. S. Eightti Army Headquarters, Korea Strafing Allied war- British Tank In Egypt Lost, Claims Paper Cairo The leftist weekly Algamhour el Masri said today a British tank with four men aboard "disappeared" Sunday in the trou- ,bled Suez canal zone between Port pact, the Markwardt automobile and Eanatar. xhe paper said General Dwight D. Eisenhower faces a corps of newsmen at Fort Knox, Ky., prior to his flight to Washington. Maintaining that the purpose of his trip to the United States is "just plain business- no the popular general talked with defense officials and President Truman today. (A.P. Wirephoto to Tha a third injured critically Saturday night in a headon collision on high- way 42 just south of the Racine county line. Dead were Robert L. Livingston, 28, and Harland Stam- per. The lone occupant of the oth- er car, Robert Lee Grade, 24, al- so of Racine, suffered a brain in- jury. Two more men died in an acci- dent Saturday on highway 35 along the Mississippi river, three miles south of De Soto. Herman Azzali- no, 58, of Hollandale and Herman Hendriekson, 50, Mount Horeb, either drowned or died of injuries when their car slipped off the icy Iroad, hit a three and rolled over (Continued on Page 3, Column 4) OTHERS spun around in the intersection a it skidded toward the boulevard. He reported that although h saw articles hurled out of the ca he did not see Marfcwardt leave the automobile. Spencer said that he immediately ran over to the Markwardt auto mobile, looked inside and failed to see the driver. It was then that he noticed the critically in jured man lying partially under the front end of the car. Only One Door Open He 'added that when he arrivec at the crash scene all doors, ex- cept the one in the rear, directly be- hind the driver, were closed. It was possible, however, that other doors might have been opened fol- lowing the crash and then slam- med shut before the car came to a stop. The driver was hurled out of the automobile and the first persons to arrive at the accident scene re- ported that he was lying partially under the automobile. It is believed that Markwardt suffered the skull fracture when he struck the sidewalk near the car, about 48 feet from the original point of impact of the two cars. The Tan car continued about 80 feet along West Wabasha street before coming to a stop. Markwardt was bleeding pro- fusely when an ambulance'manned by patrolmen of the Winona po- lice department arrived and he died during the six-block trip to the hospital. Kitchen utensils and other arti- (Continued en 3, Column 4) MAN KILLED they "probably were captured by liberation battalions." A British army spokesman said he had received no report of any such incident He added that there has been "a certain loss of arms" among British troops in the canal, but that "this has not exceeded ten weapons so far." Cairo newspapers carried ban- ner headlines today saying "Egypt's liberation battalions have gone into action in the canal zone." The Egyptian government has junked its 1936 alliance with Bri- tain, but the British government has refused to recognize the one- sided action until some sort of western defense system is set up to guard the Suez canal. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and continued cold tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy and cold. Low to- night 8 above in city, four above in rural areas. High Tuesday after- noon 24. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 25; minimum, 7; noon, 21; precipitation, one inch if snow. Official observations for the 24 IOUTS ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 24; minimum, 7; oon, 19; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page t. planes roared today to support United Nations troops who gave up two key hills to tank-led Com- munists on the western front. Elements of a Chinese division launched an armored attack west of Yonchon Sunday. A U. S. Eighth army briefing officer said it was the heaviest Red attack in two months. First reports said Allied infan- trymen and planes hurled back the Beds and regained all lost ground on Sunday midnight. But an Eighth army communique said U.N. forces were "heavily engag- ed" in continuing fighting in the area Monday morning. It said the Allies had withdrawn from two key terrain features west of Yon- chon. It gave no details. Warplanes knocked out six of 20 Red tanks and one of three self- propelled guns sighted in the as- sault during eight hours of vicious fighting Sunday. Monday, Allied planes were hunting the tanks that got away, as well as supporting ground troops. The U. S. Fifth Air force said its jet pilots shot down two MIG- 15s, probably destroyed two and damaged six in three fights Sun- day over northwest Korea. No Al- lied planes were lost in aerial com- bat, but two were shot down .in other parts of Korea by ground fire. Both pilots were presumed lost, the Air Force added. In all, 92 American fighter planes were pitted against 145 of the RuSr sian-made MIGs. An Allied briefing officer found no special significance in the heavy ground assault He said at is a common Red tactic to hit an Allied outpost or advance position with a numerically superior force; Across the peninsula Allied uniis pushed forward nearly two Monday in a limited objective at- tack northwest of Kansong on the east coast. Other attacking U-N. units occupied a hill against light Red resistance south of Kosong. Only action reported from the central front was a platoon-sized Red attack southeast of Kumsong. The attack was repulsed. Main action on the western front Monday was west of Yonchon. Southwest of the battered town, three light probing attacks by the Reds were hurled back... The Red armored smash proved costly to the Communists. A front line officer told A.P. Correspond- ent Sam Summerlin, ''the Chinese have not come close to cracking our line. Our troops killed pot- Chlnki" T
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