Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 3, 1951, Winona, Minnesota Muds Colder Tonight and Sunday VOLUME 51, NO. 13 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH SIXTEEN PAGES Two Soldiers from nearby Fort Hood were killed when their car collided with this shuttle bus on U. S. highway 81 at Belton, Texas. A third passenger in the car and the bus driver were in- jured. The dead soldiers were Harold J. Plaster, 28, BatesvUle, Ark., and Walter Jennings, 30, Pulaski, Va. Wirephoto.) Marines, ROKs Attack Hongchon By Olen Clements Tokyo U. S. Marines and South Korean infantrymen ad- vanced in central Korea today against Chinese Beds crouched in nests of barbed wire, trenches and mountain foxholes to defend their Hong- chon assembly center. Leathernecks of the U. S. First Marine division atacked within 15 miles of Hongchon from newly won ridges north of Hoengsong. That war-wrecked highway hub fell un- opposed to the Marines Friday. South Korean infantrymen mov ed up on the Marine flanks east and west of Hoengsong. To the west, the South Korean Sixth division fought toward the 17 miles of highway leading west from Hoengsong to Yongdu. Fri- day they won two vital hills which put them within a mile of the road. They had to use bayonets in a two-hour fight to hack to the top of one ridge five miles west of Hoengsong. Another ridge two miles farther west fell without a fight. Ahead of the South Korean Sixth today were enemy barbed-wire en- TODAY MacArthur Return Predicted By Stewart Altop just-completed and highly successful mission of Ambassador-At-Large John Foster Dulles in Japan and the Pacific will have infinitely more far-reach- ing consequences than first meet the eye. For example, one result of the Dulles mission is that General of the Army Douglas MacArthur will almost certainly lay down his command in the next few months and return to this country for the first time in more than a decade. Another result is that the whole balance of power ia the Far East will be gradually but radically al- tered. Mr. Dulles has returned to Wash- ington with a series of specific and vitally important recommen- dations, which are pretty sure to be accepted. In the first place, he is convinced that the time to act is now in the next three or four months. If a peace treaty and the restoration of sovereignty to the Japanese government are much longer delayed, the psycholo- gical moment will have passed. Eager for Treafy At present, the Japanese are not tanglements. East of Hoengsong, other South Korean troops moved cautiously to- ward a series of enemy entrench- ments three miles in depth. Friday the Chinese held off the South Koreans in day-long fight- ing. Farther east, the U. S. Second infantry division occupied more high ground north of the Pangnim- Hoengsong lateral highway. North of Pangnim, a U.S. Sev- enth infantry division patrol moved beyond captured Cmidong to with- in 26 miles of the 38th parallel. That is the closest Allied approach to the Korean North-South boun- dary in the current drive. The present objective of the U.S. Eighth army offensive in Korea was to kill or drive out all Chinese and North Koreans south of the 3Sth. Whether the Allied drive will be carried beyond the 3Sth or halted there for an attempt at a political settlement is a moot question. Re- only intensely eager for a treaty, I ccntly there were reports that they arc also caper to have Amer- British warships no longer were can troops stationed in Japan, moving north of the 38th This is jn large part thanks to Mr. reports which United Nations nav- Duhes himself, who chose the al commanders denied favored in the Pentagon, of bluntly demanding the to keep Amer- ican bnses. But if the restoration of sovereignty is indefinitely de- layed, this Japanese attitude is en- tirely likely to change. The peaee treaty proposed by' assembly points Friday around SNOW-ICE STORM LASHES STATE: TOWNS ISOLATED Traffic Here Paralyzed by Driving Snow Worst Storm Here Since 1926, Gile Says of Blizzard Blinding, snarling snows driven by winds up to 40 miles per hour Friday night virtually paralyzed bus and auto transportation, drift- ed county roads tight and threw a seven-inch blanket of hazardous- ly ice snow over parts of South- eastern Minnesota and Western Wisconsin. Street Commissioner Thomas Gile said this morning that the tremendous fall of wet snow, whip- ped by violent winds through most of the night, was "the worst I've ever seen since I started with the department in 1926." Commissioner Gile threw his en- tire department into the battle to Snow Removal Snow removal crews will work tonight in downtown Wi- nona. All areas will be posted for no parking late this after- noon, Street Commissioner Thomas Gile said. Crews will work from Washington to Franklin street on Second street; from Washington to Kansas street on Third street, and from Washington: to Franklin street on Fourth street. All cross streets, in- cluding Franklin and Wash- ington, will be worked In the area, Mr. Gile said. overcome crippling effects of the wet drifts. A city grader was clear- ing snows at 4 a.m., and city trucks were on duty at a.m., with the entire department of 22 men working to remove the heavy blanket of snow by 7 a.m. today. Low Much Colder temperature during the night was 15 degrees and high Fri- day 35. Reading at a.m. to- day was 35. Forecast for tonight was cloudy and much colder in Winona and vicinity with diminish- ing winds tonight. Sunday will be fair and cold. Low tonight will be five above in the city, near zero in the county, with a high Sun- day of 24. The snow was seven inches deep, (Continued on 10, Column t.) TRAFFIC When The Street Department was through pushing the street snow to the curb and businessmen were through shoveling the sidewalk snow to the same place, there was a heap of wet, heavy snow on Lafayette street this morning. A street department shovel lifts a scoopful of the heavy stuff into a truck. Fire Destroys Bazooka Plant In Maryland Crisfield, Md. Fire fanned by brisk winds swept through a two- story plant here early this morning. Loss was estimated at more than half a million dollars. There were no reported injuries among the estimated 80 volunteer firemen. The blaze destroyed the Charles D. Briddell, Inc., plant, which manufactured steak knives. The fire was discovered shortly before 3 a.m. Charles Briddell, president of the firm, said the building burned in less than an hour. He added: "The wind was blowing in just the right direction to sweep flames all through the factory. In a short time, it was all ablaze." Briddell said the loss would run to "at least half a million dollars." The plant was partially covered by insurance, he added. Move to Cripple Draft by Limiting Calls to Men Facing Defeat Washington Senate leaders claimed enough votes today to defeat a move setting the minimum draft age at 18 years and six months. A test will come Monday afternoon on the amendment by Senator Morse (R.-Ore.) to the Senate bill on universal military training and Just south of 38 in the same service The bill calls for lowering the draft age from the area. South Korean Marines made i Present 19 to 18 months two commando raids in the Haeju i than Morse proposes. Mr DuUe vvou in re-] area" The-v claimed T0te y W1" fmt More Japanese scvoreiuntv without i Communists, including a brigade measure full senate opinion on mnior VcitricOon" bhtera' general. South Korean naval head- a Provision_ of the controversial bill jim_ i i-. 11 .-v l'lltHt.rai t _, ___ nriiTinafprl ixnth Defence (Continued on Page 14, Column 1} ALSOPS j quarters at Pusan disclosed the .raids today and said they were completed February 28. iccles Believes: Hoover-Taft Views a Lot of Sense' Former Presi- dent Hoover's stand against big American land forces in Europe was lauded yesterday by Marriner S. Eccles. Fed- era! Reserve board member. Eccles. departing from a prepared speech renewing his a 11 a c k on the admin- i s t ration's "cheap mon- ey policy." said the Hoover- Sen. T a f t (R-O h i o) views or. foreign pol- icy "make a lot ci sense." "We can never e s- pect to de- feat Russia Eccles told a meeting of the Marriner Eccles on the land. Executives Club of Chicago. "We would be bled white and destroyed economically as well as militarily." He said the United States can and must establish over- whelming control of the air and sea with the assistance of the British and others. He said he wjuld limit total spending on defense and foreign aid to a year. In his prepared speech, Ec- cles said that wholesale prices advanced 16 per cent last year although the government op- erated on a cash budgetary surplus. He added: "The inflation is due, there- fore, not to government spend- ing more than its income, but to excessive spending by the public, a substantial part of which resulted from new mon- ey created through bank loans." which originated with the Defense department. Senator Lyndon Johnson (D.-Tex- floor manager for UMTS, told reporters that the Morse amend- ment "will be defeated by a sub- stantial margin." Most of the Senate's time yes- terday was spent in a brisk ver- bal exchange between Morse and a fellow Republican, Senator Cain of Washington. Numerous Amendments In polite but barbed language, Cain told Morse, seated a few feet away, that Morse's numerous amendments would cripple the bill and were unrealistic. In addition to fixing the draft at Morse asks that the service period be limited to 21 months in- stead of the 26 months proposed in the bill: that veterans of more than six months service be re- leased after 18 months: that enlist- ments in all services be limited to a 30 months period; and that defer- ments to attend college be a year instead of the in the bill under debate. Senator Wherry (R.-Neb.) rais- ed the question in the Senate yes- terday whether approval of the bill to draft 18-year-olds would be re- garded as approval also of send- ing four more U. S. divisions to Europe. Wherry has contended that no ground forces should be dispatch- ed to join Eisenhower's army un- til Congress passed on the policy. He told reporters that he hasn't got a satisfactory answer yet to his question and will pursue it. Cain said that if all Morse's amendments were adopted the na- tion's denfense forces would be "circumscribed or crippled." Morse replied late in the day to a nearly empty Senate. Labor Assails New Living Cost Index By H.rold W. Ward Washington The C.I.O. charged today that the government's new-type cost-of-living index which may be used to determine immedi ate pay boosts for more than workers, does not reflect thi actual rise in prices. The pay increases four or five cents per hour are allowable under a formula adopted last Tuesday by Wage Stabilizer Eric John ston and amended by him to permit cost-of-living adjustments agreec to by management and labor be- fore the January 25 wage freeze. But the question is, will they be based on the new-type index or the old-type. It might make a cent or so difference. The employes of the au- to industry will share the bonanza. Some of them at Ford and Chrysler would have been de- nied the full amount of adjustment had Johnston not acted. The cost- of-living increase plus other raises they have received in the past year would have pushed through the ten per cent pay raise ceiling in the unamended wage stabiliza- tion order. Adjustments Every 3 Months The pay adjustments are made every three months, at the rate of one cent an hour up or down with every rise or fall of 1.14 points in the Bureau of Labor Statistics con- sumers' price index. The bureau, acting to gear Its measurement of living costs to changing buying habits, yesterday put out its first new-type monthly index. It contained 25 new items and cut down the importance of food in. the family budget of a mod- erate income family. This drew the fire of the C.I.O., which argued that food prices have zoomed since the Korean fighting began last June, and this was no time to begin a new kind of in- dex. At least workers now have contracts calling for periodic adjustments up or down as the index changes. One million railroad workers were included Thursday when they signed a new agreement for non- operating employes. Worst Wreck In Iowa's Air History Sioux City, Iowa The death toll in the worst airplane accident in Iowa aviation history the crash of a Mid-Continent air lines plane yesterday, rose to 16 today. Archie MeKillop of Artesian S.D., died in a hospital early to day of third degree burns. Nine other persons survived the crash which was being investigated today by Civil Aeronautics author ity inspectors. The twin engined DC-S plane urtled into a cornfield near the airport yesterday during a snow storm, burst into flames and was destroyed within minutes. It was the first fatal crackup in Mid-Con- tinent's 17 years of operation. An Air National Guardsman who reached the scene shortly after the crash said that "Nothing could have survived those flames. The ones who were thrown out were the only ones who lived." Cale Olson, an electrician at the airbase, was the first person to reach the burning plane. He said he found Robert Toman, soldier from Camp Polk, La., who bad been a passenger on the plane, standing nearby in a dazed condition. Rescue Werhert gather around the wreckage of a Mid-Continent plane wreck at Sioux City, Iowa. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Stranded At Glenwood; Plows Useless Eight-Foot Drifts Clog Roads in South Dakota Areas By The Aittciited The Midwest's worst snow storm of the raging in its second day paralyzed parts of a six-state midcontinent area to- day. Gale-force winds and ice storms added to the weather misery in the stricken area. The new storm, coming on the heels of a similar storm the mid- dle of the week, struck a crippling blow in areas of the Dakotas, Min- nesota, Wisconsin, Iowa and Mich- igan. Some small towns were isolated. Communications lines were dis- rupted. Drifts eight feet deep were common in South Dakota. The roof of a grocery store collapsed under the crushing weight of the snow in Faribault, Minn. Sioux Falls, S. D., had 24 Inches of snow on the ground and the blizzard still raged in the central part of the state. Heavy inow with strong shifting winds moved Into upper Michigan. Highways were dotted with abandoned cars in South Dakota. Motorists, unable to keep gointf, sought refuge In small towns or U farm houses. About persons were strand- ed overnight in Glenwood, in west central Minnesota. Celd Wave on Way Highways were blocked in many places throughout the storm area. Strong winds piled deep across roads as soon as snowplows cleared them. Trains were running late in the Dakotas and Minnesota. Bus and air transport was halted in South Dakota. Highway traffic in the southern half of Minnesota was slowed to a crawl or halted. Buses and railroads were operat- ing in North Dakota. But some were late. Air travel was return- ing there. Meanwhile, a blast of sub-iero cold moved into the northern plains and headed for the north central storm belt. As the wintry elements batter- ed the winter-weary Midwest, Dixie was having a touch of sum- mer. Temperatures climbed into (Continued on 10, Column 7) STORM Store Burns At Ceylon Ceylon, Minn. Fire started by an explosion today destroyed the Gamble hardware store operat- ed in downtown Ceylon by Harry Brodt. Brodt and a dozen other occu- pants of apartments on the second floor of the two-story brick build- ing were forced to flee. No one was hurt. The explosion let go in the base- ment of the store about 1 a. m. Its cause was not learned. It ripped out the front wall and scattered flames throughout the first floor. Noise of the blast awakened the apartment residents, enabling them to get out quickly. A severe snowstorm was raging at the time. The Ceylon fire de- partment, unable to with the jlaze, called for help. The fire rig at Dunnell made the seven-mile rip behind a state snow plow. Sherburn's department also re- sponded, as did Fairmont's. The Fairmont truck stalled in the snow on highway 16, about 12 north of Ceylon. The firemen dug t out and finally reached the town. Fire Chief Ed Vollrath of Ceylon estimated the fire daman at 140.- 000 to WEATHER LOCAL WIATHIR Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 no. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, IS; noon, 29; precipitation, 1.20 (7 indues acts tonight at :58; tun rises tomorrow at PIDIRAL FORICAST Winona and and much colder with diminish- ing winds tonight. Sunday fair and cold. Low tonight five above n city, near zero in country. High Sunday 24. weather rage 10.