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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 22, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Windy and Mild Want Ads Reach Readers Every Day VOLUME 50, NO. 261 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 22, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- War By Spring Forecast By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington At Brussels, Sec- retary of State Dean G. Ache- son and the other Atlantic Pact foreign ministers have made an- other of their convulsive efforts to begin the job of building Eur- ope's defenses. The best commen- tary on the seemingly vital re- sults agreement on re-arming Germany, appointment of Gener- al of the Army Dwight D. Eisen- hower as European supreme com- mander is provided by the fol- lowing melancholy sequence. Last March, in the crucial di- rective No. 68, the National Se- ..____.......__________ curity council set the time of ut- tion, and as head of the Minnesota County Attorneys association. Streissguth served two short terms in the state supreme court. He was first named to the high tribunal on October 8, 1942, to rive to Take Seoul T. O. Streissguth Dead, Held High Court Post New Ulm, Minn. Thomas 0. Streissguth, 61, former associate justice of the Minnesota supreme court, died last night. Streissguth was stricken about ten days ago. Death came at p. m. The New Ulm man had a long record of public service. He was Brown county attorney from 1924 to 1942, had served as president of the Ninth District Bar associa- most peril as 1953-'54. the council" agreed, the So- viet Union would be ready for ma- j o r aggression Before then, the" council therefore concluded, the defenses of the West must be ur- gently rebuilt. The June meet- ing of Atlantic Pact foreign Joseph Alsop ministers in London, which did lit- tle else, at least accepted this timetable established by our Se- curity council. Then in July, when the Ko- rean aggression occurred, the State department initiated an amendment to N. S. C. no, 68, The time of utmost peril was now set at 195l-'52, or at best 1952-'S3. When Louis A. Johnson was driv- en from the Defense department, American policy and planning were keyed to this new timeta- ble, Hence, in in New York September, Sec- retary Acheson brutally and sud- denly confronted i Ernest Bevin and Royal A. Stone, and the retire- ment of Justice Andrew B. Holt. He served until January, 1943, when Thomas Gallagher and Luther W. Youngdahl were named to the bench. In 1944 when Justice Charles Loring was named chief justice to succeed Henry M. Gallagher who resigned, Streissguth was ap- pointed to the bench again. This time he served one year. Streissguth was a native of Ar- lington, Minn., and a graduate of the University of Minnesota. He had practiced law in Redwood Falls and Gaylord before locating in New Ulm. serv2 three months of an unexpired He is survived by his widow; a term, after the death of Justice daughter Janice and. a son Thomas. Itpbert with Schuman demand Stewirt Alsop for immediate Franco-British agreement on re- arming Germany to assist in de- fending Europe. Look to Indo-Chlna New, in December, after the massive Chinese intervention in Korea, and on the eve of an ex- pected Chinese invasion of French Indo-China, the timetable, as of- ficially forecast, is being telescop- ed again. The new time of utmost peril is set as 1950-'51. IN OTHER WORDS, THE EXPERTS AND LEADERS OF THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT EXPECT MAJOR SOVIET AGGRESSION NOW, TO- D A Y, TOMORROW, NEXT MONTH, NEXT SPRING, NEXT SUMMER. And American politi- cal and strategic plans are again being painfully adjusted to this second new timetable. What is anticipated has already been reported in this space. The onslaught upon French Indo-China, which all signs suggest will occur very shortly, is to set off a chain- reaction of surrender in Southeast Asia, The disasters in Southeast Asia, coming on top of the disaster Christmas Holiday For Congress Delays Mobilization Bills in a home-for-Christmas exodus, a major portion of President Truman's emergency mobilization legislation ap- peared stranded today until at least January 1. The holiday jam of absenteeism caused House leaders to sidetrack action on bills to (1) Give the President wider powers to speed the mobilization effort and (2) To authorize union shop agreements by railway labor. And unless Senate-House con- ferees can reach agreements by nightfall final congressional action may be delayed on the 000 excess profits tax and the arms bill. Both bills have been passed by House and Senate, but a compro- mise of differences remains to be approved by both chambers before they can go to the White House. Honse leaders, handicapped by to get a working majority on the 9oor, worked out agree- ments to act on conference reports completed today. There was some hope the profits tax might go to Mr. Truman by tonight. Quits .This Afternoon When the House adjourns this afternoon, it quits for legislative purposes until New Year's day. Token sessions will be held next week, but no business completed. That leaves only the two days from January 1 until the new 82nd Congress takes over January 3, for clearing up pending legislation. The Senate appeared ready to- day to give swift approval to the YoungdahlLays Anoka Hospital Unit Cornerstone Anoka, Minn. [ffl Governor Youngdahl today laid the corner- stone of a new hospital unit at the Anoka state hospital that is con- sidered a "model" of its kind for the nation. It was the new 60-bed receiving unit for newly-admitted patients Chinese Reds Spurn U.N. Cease Fire Bid Didn't Help Form Plan Submitted, Radio Reply Says Tokyo Communist China tonight rejected the latest United Nations efforts to negotiate a cease- fire in Korea except upon condition that all foreign troops quit Korea Americans "withdraw from For mosa" and the Chinese Red reg ime be admitted to the U. N. A six-point statement by Ret Premier Chou En-lai was broad cast from Peiping in Chinese and heard and translated in Tokyo. The statement asked angrily why the 13 "Arab Asiatic" nations who proposed the cease fire order die not "see through the American trick" of wanting a cease fire firs; and peace negotiations afterward Unless Red China's demands are met "It will be impossible to achieve the Arab Asiatic proposal for peace in Chou's state rnent said. Plan 'Unlawful' He said the cease fire plan was "unlawful" because the Red Chi- nese did not help write it. The committee at Lake Success has sent the Peiping government three direct requests to negotiate for a cease fire. Red China had a delegation on hand during the U. N. debate on Korea but it left for home earlier this week. The Reds were not permitted to participate in U. N. decisions be- cause they are not members of the U. N. China's big power seat in the plans were considered a model for the coun- try, of this amount was allocated to the hospital by the U. S. Public Health service under provisions of Hill-Burton act. The bulk of the money, how- bill setting up a Civil Defense ad-1 ever, was appropriated by the 1947 'and 1949 legislatures on recom- mendation of the interim commit- ministration with potentially vast power over the lives of millions of Americans. The House already has passed such a bill. And Congress members found some Christmas cheer in Defense Mobilizer Charles E. Wilson's pre- diction that munitions production will roll at a swift pace in 1951. Wilson put it this way: "My guess is that industry can in Korea, are to demoralize and I supply 50 to IOC per cent more ma- paralyze the nations of Western! terial in the next year than in the Europe. With the Western Europe- ans trembling and passive, a new attack is to be launched in Europe in the spring, probably against Yu- goslavia. When Yugoslavia falls, "third force" obedi- ent to the Kremlin, are to be in- stalled in France and Itnly. And with Europe divided and controlled, the British Isles are to bo neutral- ized, nnd this country is to be left. first big year after Pearl Harbor." His forecast was termed by Sen- ator Capehart "the most cheering news I've heard in a long while." Other Developments In other mobilization-connected developments: 1. The Wage Stabilization board announced last night that it had reached a unanimous agreement naked and alone, to meet its final ion the question of wage controls fstc when the Kremlin has digest- i auto workers. It did ed its vast conquests. First Expiosion There are several things to be I not say what the agreement was, however. 2. Alan Valentine, chief of the said about this planned political! Economic Stabilization administra- chain-rcaction. in which the (ESA) said his organization rean war must be regarded iIS working on a program to stab- merely as the first explosion. For pnces. one thine, much depends upon valentine told the lawmakers whether 'the experts are right in ttat interprets the wage-price selecting Yugoslavia for the vie- control law to _ mean that wages tim of the spring attack, or wheth- er more weight should be given to the evidence that Western Ger- many will be the victim. In the latter case, in view of the pres- ence of American. British and French occupying forces in Ger- many, there will be war beyond question in the spring. If the attack is upon Yugoslavia; however, the Kremlin will be ad- hering to its policy of seeking all the fruits of a gigantic and over- whelming victory in a world war without fighting the world war. In the long run. the consequences of a successful attack upon Yugosla- via will be no less far-reaching than the consequences of an at- tack upon West Germany. But since British. French and Ameri- can forces will not be directly in- volved, the Western Allies will have to be far more resolute and forehanded in order to halt the (Continued on Page 13, Column 5.) ALSOPS must be stabilized whenever die government invokes price controls. Ke indicated, however, that he does not feel that the law requires action in the wage and price fields at precisely the same time. U. N. is retained by Chiang Kai- shek's Nationalist delegation which the Reds have repeatedly tried to unseat. The Peiping broadcast was made n the Chinese language and heard jy Japanese monitors in Tokyo. Gist of Statement The gist of Chou's statement, as ranslated in Tokyo: 1. The three-man cease fire com- mittee is unlawful beca Chinese Communist government did not consent to nor participate in the United Nations vote calling for its formation. 2. The Communist Chinese gov- ernment repeatedly has suggested that the only way to end the Korean war is to withdraw all foreign troops from Korea and let the Koreans settle their own problems. 3. The U. S. immediately ap- proved the U. N. cease fire pro- posal because the Americans want time to set up their troops and supplies so they can hold their tee on state institution buildings. The new unit will contain the most modern facilities for diag- nosis and treatment of nervous and related disorders. It I battle lines of aggression. was designed by Magney, Tusler 4. The issues at stake at present and Setter, Minneapolis architects and engineers. Be a Good Fellow Previously listed A friend from Whalan 1.00- G. G.................. 1.00 Cheryl and Ron 2.00 Winona Flyers associa- tion Badger Machine Com- pany and employes 40.00 Ronald, Roger and Robert Priybylski 3.00 Mr. and Mrs. Charles Searle 10.00 A friend 1.00 Biesanz Stone Com- pany employes 10.00 Biesani Stone Com- pany 10.00 Anonymous........ .50 Mr. and Mrs. R. Mus- sell and family, Plainview 2.00 Paul Libera 5.00 Williams Book and Stationery 10.00 A friend 20.00 Darlene, Orlando and Dale 2.00 A friend from Harmony 2.00 David and Jeffery 5.00 Home Room 207, Cen- tral Junior High school............... 5.00 Lincoln school grade attend- ance prize 2.00 Barbara Ann Kukowski 1.00 Stockton Pioneer Plungers 4-H club 5.00 A friend 1.00 Total From Olsons, ing. A and clothing. A A friend from Fountain clothing. Norma and Pleasant Ridge Rustlers 4-H club, St. A friend from do not only concern Korea. The U. S. government not only has committed aggression in Korea but has sent the Seventh fleet to For- (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) CHINESE Marines Make Their Way through the snow with a litter patient to a cleared strip for air evacua- tion after units of the First Marine division linked up with the Seventh infantry division, encircled near the Changjin area in North Korea. Litter patients were flown to a base near Hungnam. (U. S. Air Force photo via A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Christmas Retail Trade At New Peak New York Dun Brad- street said today Christmas retail trade is at an all-time high. "Christmas shoppers throughout the nation with the holidays im minent brought retail dollar vo ume to an ajl-time high during th week ended this th survey said. "Total sales were slightly abov :he high level for the correspond ng week in 1949. While risin, prices for many items were consid ered responsible for much of th record dollar volume, there wa also a very slight increase in uni sales from last year's level. Colored sportshirts for me: were also favorably received b; hoppers in scattered localities There was a moderate increase in lemand for some lines of chil Iren's wear as well as for many ports items such as hunting garb nd cruise wear. The rise in suit iuyjng was not appreciable. Re [uests for coats, however, increas d seasonally." Total retail dollar volume was stimated at one to five per ceni bove a year ago. Regional per entage changes follow: New Eng- and, East, and Pacific coast un- hanged to up four, South up one o five, Midwest up three to seven Northwest up two to six, and outhwest down one to up three. It Was A Great Day in the Tonkin household in San Francisco when Margaret Anne, six, at the left, and Eileen, three-and-one- half, opened presents, a watch and a big doll, from their daddy in Korea, Sergeant Robert Tonkin. The gifts were purchased in Tokyo by wives of American personnel as proxy for soldiers unable to do their own shopping under a plan entitled "Operation Santa Claus." Mrs. Tonkin, at the right, said she was as thrilled as the children over the unexpected toys. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Senate Set to O- K. Civil Defense Plan By Oliver W. Wolf Senate apparently was ready today to give swift approval to a bill setting up a Civil Defense administration with potentially vast power er the lives of millions of Americans. The program envisages an outlay of for civil defense over a three-year period, with 56 per cent financed by the federal gov- ernment and the remainder by state and local governments. Senator Kefauver (D.-Tenn.) told reporters he expected little con- troversy-over the bill, although he said there-probably would be some changes made on the floor. The Tennessee lawmaker, floor manager for the measure, told the Senate last night "we can no long- er stand idle in this business of getting ready to meet the threat of atomic war." Passed by House The House adopted, 247 to I, its own civil defense bill last Wednes- day. Kefauver said the two houses would be in ment" and a 'substantial conference agree would iron out the few differences quick- ly. Kefauver and others want the legislation enacted into law this month so the state legislatures meeting next month can key their programs to the federal plan. The bill provides that the ad- ministrator may designate critical target areas in each state. These, in turn, form the basis for the size of the federal dollar-for-dollar contribution to states for bomb shelters. Amendment Seen Kefauver said he understood an amendment would be offered to say more definitely when the emergency powers of the ad- ministrator could be put into ef- fect. Senator Taft (R.-Ohio) has already said he thought the pro- visions now in the bill are too jroad. These powers allow the civil de- !ense head to seize property and ;ake a number of other extraordi- nary steps in time of emergency such as an atomic attack. MiUard Caldwell, Jr., present civil defense administrator in he temporary agency which Pres- dent Truman set up by executive order, is expected to head the new idministration. His appointment is ubject to Senate confirmation. Dr. Hench Returns With Nobel Award New York Dr. Philip S. Hench of the Mayo Clinic, Roches- er, a winner of the 1950 Nobel" irize for medicine, returned from iweden yesterday on the liner Queen Elizabeth. Dr. Hench, who lelped develop Cortisone and ACTH aid he planned to continue work- ing with a "compound he des- ribed as likely to be an improve- ment on the antirheumatic hor- mones. War Not Inevitable, U. of VI Speaker Tells 889 Graduates is not in- evitable, a prominent educator said last night, but he warned that "we need need it desper- ately." "We need time to recover from our present mood of mood wholly Wil- liam P. Tolley, chancellor of Syra- cuse university, said last night. He addressed 889 University of Min- nesota graduates at commence- ment exercises. "We also need time to recover from our sense of injured which might plunge us into global war, just to save Chancellor Tolley said. MacArthur Fears Big Communist Offensive Near Rocket Ships Protect Beachhead At Hungnam By Olen Clements Tokyo Rising Red attacks on the northeast Korea approaches to Seoul prompted a warning by General MacArthur today that an- other big Communist offensive may be on the way. Initial assaults in regimental strength rolled back Republic of Korea (ROK) forces nearly two miles northeast of Chunchon. That's a highway junction 45 miles northeast of the republic capital. A large buildup of Reds Clii- nese or North Korean or reported north of Chunchon. West of this area along parallel 38, a sizable Chinese force was spotted in Yonchon, 38 miles due north of Seoul and six miles north of the parallel. Yonchon is on one of two main rail lines leading to the South Ko- rean capital. The other runs north- west of Seoul to Pyongyang, Ko- rean Red capital. Noting unmistakably heavy traf- fic behind enemy lines and con- tinued probing thrusts, MacArthur observed: "This is normally the initial phase of an impending attack." Reds Closing In In northeast Korea, American rapid-fire rocket ships moved close inshore at Hungnam Thursday and joined other warships, planes and field artillery in laying a fiery shield from close range around the beachhead. Usa of the rocket ships in de- fense of the Hungnam perimeter for the first time indicated that Reds are closing in. Chinese appeared to have been replaced by North Koreans in the Hungnam sector. MacArthur's late Friday war summary said it was possible that the Chinese had moved southwest across the peninsula and into ac- tion near the 38th parallel above Seoul. The summary said the use of pack horses and camels northeast of Chunchon "suggests that the at- tackers were Chinese Communist forces." Thus far, however, no Chinese troops have been reported identi- fied positively south of parallel 38. Probe U. N. Lines MacArthur's summary said en- emy units in the Inchon-Kumhwa- Hwachon and Yonchon area, al- most in the dead center of the peninsula, have been probing Unit- "In any he said, "we need ed Nations lines there for eight time to get perspective on Asia. Are we sure we know how to run China, Japan, Burma, Korea, the Ryukyus, Indo-China and all the rest of Asia? Has God deputized" the United States to halt the revo- lutionary ferment that is sweeping through every land in the Far East? We need to ask ourselves days. Most thrusts have been aim- ed at feeling out the U. N. strength astride the three main arteries leading south to tense Seoul. The general said signs of an of- fensive were seen in the increas- ing activity in the vicinity of Hwa- chon, north of Chunchon, and the positions of enemy forces totalling why there is such a powerful ap-1 lnree corps as a forward peal in the slogan 'Asia for the echelon, That is a potential of ten Asiatics. "We need time because the 90 billion dollars we have spent on armaments since we started the new armament race has not pro- vided an army. Apparently we are in no position to fight even a third rate opponent floun- dering in a civil war. "I hope I am not overstating the case, but I have the deep convic- tion that if we can avoid a global war for two years we can avoid it Blast Injuries :atal to Farmer Grand Forks, N. ,und, 24, farmer near Reynolds, ied in a Grand Forks hospital esterday of injuries believed to ave been received in the explosion f a gasoline tank he was welding. for a much longer time." As an answer to manpower short- ages in the United States, and as demonstration of the "dynamic of Dr. Tolley proposed allowing immigrants in from all over the world in the next decade. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and windy with rising temperature to- night and occasional snow. Satur- day cloudy, windy and mild. Low tonight 22, high Saturday 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32; minimum, 12; nocn, 30; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 14. to 12 divisions, perhsps to men. One or possibly two rebuilt North Korean corps are in the immedi- ate area, plus one Chinese Com- munist army corps that appears to have been concentrating there. Chinese Pushing South The Chinese forces, General MacArtbur said, have made a slow but definitive deployment south to a general'east-west line through Sariwon. I A series of skirmishes between U. N. and Communist forces south- west of Yonchon continued after midnight Thursday, All were brok- en off after brief fighting. Close support by Far East air forces warplanes dispersed enemy groups in the battle area. But the Reds possibly regrouped after the planes roared away. The Communist radio in Pyong- yang resumed operations for the first time since Allied forces chas- ed the Rec's out of the ancient city November 20. A broadcast said U. N. troops had been driven back across the 38th parallel all along the line. The radio boasted that the Communists soon would drive all "imperialist invaders" out of Korea. General MacArthur acknowledg- ed December 17 that Allied troops been forced to pull back sehind the Imjin river at Chong- gang, south Yonchon and squarely on the paraHel. DOWNTOWN STORES OPEN UNTIL 9 O'CLOCK TONIGHT
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