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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Colder Tonight, Snow Thursday Buy a Winter Carnival Emblem VOLUME 50, NO. 253 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER M, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TWENTY-FOUR PAGES TODAY- Ultimatum Urged to Russians By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Certain aspects of politics are like certain diseases, which are so painful even to think about that healthy people rarely mention them. But if a man or i woman has cancer, it must be 1 mentioned by the doctor who i makes the diag-1 nosis and pre- the opcr- And if a nation is in im- minent peril of catastrophe, pain- things must be said by jleadcrs who have icourage. Joseph Aisop No leader in the Western world has greater courage than Winston Churchill. No one any longer will lightly dis- regard the voice of the great old man, who almost single-handed saved the cause of freedom from the menace of Nazism; who was the first, aft- er the war, to see the larger men- ace of the new Soviet imperial- ism. And it is time, now, to face up to the real nature of the advice he has Stewart Alsop H ungnam eing Evacuate ruman utlines Emergency Allied 'Very Rapid' Army Build-up Indicated Nation-Wide Address Set for Friday Evening BULLETIN Washington W) Senator Wherry (R.-Neb.) taid after a two-hour Whitt House confer- ence of congressional leaders today that President Truman wants to hold two or three conferences before decid- ing about proclaiming a na- tional emergency. been giving for the past two years. It was just about two years ago, that Churchill began a remarkable series of speeches of which the last was delivered on November 30. In all these speeches, wheth- er on the public platform or in I debates in the House of Commons, he has said the same things. First, he has ascribed to the Kremlin an ambition of world em- pire. On November 30, he told Parliament: enormous increases of power and territory, (the So- viets) show no sign of being in any way satiated, satisfied or even contented, and we can perceive no limits at present to their aims." Saved by A-bomb Second, he has flatly stated that the Soviets were only being re- strained from launching a third world war by the American ad- vantage in atomic weapons. At Llandudno in 1S48, he said: "Noth- ing s.tands between Europe today and complete subjugation to Com- munist tyranny but the atomic bomb in American possession." Third, he has raore and more openly confessed despair of match- ing die Soviet power by ordinary means, at least in the crucial time before our own advantage in atom- ic weapons will be too greatly im- paired by production of atomic weapons in the Soviet Union. In the last speech in which this des- pair is total, he said: "While it is right to build up our forces as fast as we can, nothing in this procss will in this period deprive Russia of effective super- iority in what are now called 'con- ventional arms.' All it will do is give us increasing unity in Eur- ope." Fourth, he has repeatedly advo- cated negotiations the Soviet Union in' the highest level. In the most powerful and terrifying of all Tru- man told congressional leaders to- day of plans for "a very rapid in- crease" in military strength. The President counseled with congressional leaders of both par- ties on the world crisis and an- nounced plans for a radio "fire side chat" to the American people on Friday night. The address, to be delivered over is expected to include, or follow up, a declaration of national emer- gency. Mr. Truman will outline some of the sacrifices to be asked of the American people and the steps the administration plans because of the threat of .all-out war. These steps will include price and wage controls as soon as nec- essary machinery can be set up. Republicans Agrm Republican congressional lead- ers gave President Truman their full support for the swift build up of _ armed strength and said they a'gree "a dangerous emerg- ency Senator Taft of Ohio, acting as spokesman for Republicans who attended the White House confer- ence, dictated this statement to reporters: "We agreed fully that a dangerous emergency exists for the people of the United States. We agreed with the President's general program for building up the armed serv- ices as rapidly as possible. "As to the proposed declara- tion of a national emergency, we did not feel we were suf- ficiently advised as to the legal effect of such a declaration, or the program that must accom- pany it, to take a final position on that question. "It the declaration is legally necessary to advance the de- velopment of our armed strength, we would be for it." Cancels Conference Stephen T. Early, acting presi Onto Vessels This Aerial View Of A Northeast Korea evacuation port was made by Asso- ciated Press Staff Photographer Max Desfor. His caption which accompanied the picture to Tokyo for radioing to the U. S., described it as showing "loading at Hungnam evacuating U.N. forces from the area." Tokyo to The Republican-Herald.) 1 J iU WH- MUCH J. J-rftl 1 IJ UI1 tOi" these speeches, when he told the dentjal press secretaryi announced House of Commons last July 7 that ore more defenseless than we have ever been." he also said: "A peaceful settlement may j (yet) be reached with the Soviet j government if a resolute effort is made on the basis not of our pres- ent weakness but of American atomic strength. This is the pol- j icv which the best chance of i i r preventing a fearful war and of: securing our survival should it break upon us." Reds Will Choose Time Hen-, however, so awful, so awe-inspiring is the subject, that even Winston Churchill has not spoken plainly. There is plenty of internal evidence of his real mean- ing, such as the critical reference, in the last speech, to the assur- ances to the Kremlin that "the United States would not fight what Marshall Plan Aid to Britain Stops Washington The United States today cut off all.Marshall plan aid to Great Britain, effective January 1. William C. Foster, the Marshall plan administrator, said Britain's economic comeback in the past year is the reason. Since the recovery program started in April of 1948, Britain has been allotted a total of The program, named for Gener- al George C. Marshall who pro- posed it while he was secretary of state, has ha.d a dual purposa: To help Europe recover from dam- ages of World War II and to strengthen friendly nations against the threat of Communism. The move to stop all Marshall plan aid to the British comes five weeks after conversations between Marshall plan officials and the British government. Britain is the In addition to Democratic lead-1 first nation to step out of the pro-1 ers, the congressmen included I gram. j In an announcement issued at i the same time that British Chan- cellor of the Exchequer Hugh Gait- that Mr. Truman would cancel his usual Thursday news conference because of "must" engagements tomorrow and in order to work on Friday's address. The conference with congression- al leaders was held in the cabinet room. Beforehand, the White House said Mr. Truman wanted to get their ideas as to how far and how fast the country should move to- ward all-out mobilization. Mr. Truman asked some of his outspoken pclitical foes to the dis- cussion of these questions. Be a Good Fellow Previously listed Nan, Mike, Bobby, Kay and Bob 5.00 A friend The Old Skater's son.. 2.00 Margie and Jeanne Fedders, clothing and 2.00 Siebrecht Floral Com- pany and employes 48.00 Mississippi Valley Pub- lic Service Company employes 81.50 The Gorman Company 16.00 Latsch Son Company employes 50.00 Rural Ramblers 4-H club, Lewiston 3.00 Nash Clothing Store and employes 25.00 Caledonia friend 1.00 Mike, Steve and Peg.. 1.00 Jane and Margaret 2.00 Tommy and Patty Walchak 1.00 Dr. J. D. Keyes...... 5.00 Mrs. Margaret Keyes 10.00 Friends from Wauman- dee, clothing and... 3.00 A friend 5.00 Winona Junior Cham- ber of Commerce 25.00 Two Western employes 3.00 Judy and Kay 2.00 Army Doubles Draft Call-Ups for 1951 By Elton C. Fay, Military Affairs Reporter military, racing to rearm against the Russian menace and counting growing casualties in Korea, is calling for more faster. A new draft call, supplementing requests for January and February, yesterday boosted the original quotas for those two months by 78 per I cent and raised the total of calls up to now to At the same time the tempo of the armed forces procurement weapons and other equipment is being quickened, to speed the pro- duction of tanks, airplanes and oth- er war gear. And, defense officials said today, a declaration of national emergen- cy could increase it even more. Such a declaration by President Calls Increase City's Quota from such administration critics as Sen- ate Republican Leader Wherry of Nebraska and Chairman Taft (Ohio) of the Senate Republican is called a preventive war. is his further remark that "on this basis the war. if it comes, and God forbid, will come at the mo- ment of the (Soviets') choosing." But his real meaning, which he has stated frankly enough in many (Continued on Page 18, Column 1.) ALSCPS There polic-v committee- skell was; breaking the news to the British House of Commons. A friend ing. A friend from Brownsville clothing. Mrs. Syl Modjeski- A clothing. Neighbor Pleads for Help For Children of Needy Family Probably nothing tells the need for the Good Fellows better than letters written by the unfortunate, their friends and the needy chil- dren to the Good Fellows. Each day a stack of such let- ters reaches the Good Fellow edi- tor and are passed on to the field workers to investigate. Here is a typical letter taken from those re- ceived in this morning's mail. Our Dear Goodfellow: I could not help but write to you if you would please help out a little with a family who really needs help. We help them but have our own family to look after, too. These people have three chil- dren, you could say babies. The oldest is two and one-h a f years old. The father works every day but can't make any headway with expenses. They are honest and are trying to pay their bills out of his pay. They hardly have anything to live on. It is a pity. He works so hard and then only has about six dollars left to eat a week on. We neighbors feel sorry for them. That is why we are ask- ing help for these needy peo- ple. They have to move to a different place for more room. It would be our best Christ- mas if you please could help these poor kids. They are just a young couple and dearly love their children and want to make a home for them but hospital bills, doctor bills and other things take all their mon- ey. We would appreciate your help in this matter Mr. and Mrs. Good G.D.A. Mail or bring your contribution to The Good Fellows, Republican- Herald, Winona, Minn. It will help bring Christmas to this family and to other needy children of this community. Time is getting short. It is later than you think. The Good Fellows need your help if every needy child in this commu- nity is to have a Christmas this year. Doubling of the draft quotas for January and February may mean the induction of nearly 25 men from Winona county each of those months, instead of about 12. That is indicated in a statement made by Colonel L. E. Lilygren, Minnesota selective service direc- tor. He said that about Min- nesotans will be called during the first two months of 1951 as a re- sult of the national step-up in in- ductions. He said that this represents an increase of about 600 each month. The Winona county quota for De- cember was 12, and the assump- tion that about 25 will be called in each of February and. January is based on the belief that the calls would have been about 12 for those two months without the step- up. The Winona county draft board office has not yet received a Janu- ary call, according to Mrs. Philip Birdsall, clerk. However, 26 young men will be sent for preinduction physical ex- aminations at Minneapolis Sunday. They'll leave at 2 p.m. The group will be in the 21-year-old bracket. Since September 57 Winona coun- ty young men have actually been inducted. The draft started with the 25-year-olds. Married men are still exempted. Largest Winona county quota was in November, when 19 were called. Strong Rear Guard Will Hold Off Chinese Divisions Tokyo Sixty thousand or more Allied troops poured aboard ships at Hungnam today on a mass evacuation from northeast Korea. Their exodus with field gear and heavy weapons was orderly but hastened by pressure from thou- sands of Chinese troops. The Chinese were trying to break through a rearguard defense peri- meter to make a kill before the last of the Allies could get away by sea. The loading of troops and materiel has been in progress the last day and is expected to con- tinue some time. The Allied force was abandoning the last big United Nations outpost in North Korea 130 air miles deep in Communist-ruled territory. Among the or more men moving at an orderly but fast pace across Hungnam's docks into the evacuation fleet were long unrc- ported doughboys of the U. S. Sev- enth division's 17th regimental combat team and South Korean ar- my regimeiits. Destination a Secret They were safe at last on the Hungnam coastal plain after re- treating for nearly two weeks from extreme North Korea as far up as the Yalu river boundary of Man- churia under a security black- out. The destination of the forces cm- barked on the Sea oi: Japan was a top secret for security reasons. Field dispatches said thousands of. Chinese were massing nearby for a final blow. Troops from five Allied divisions manned a stout defense line stretching for a 14-mile radius around Hungnam and the inland twin city of Hamhung. A. Correspondent Tom Stone, with the evacuating 10th corps, said the withdrawal was being carried on rapidly but quietly. It was push- ed under protection of the long guns and carrier planes the U. N. fleet. While transports swallowed a steady stream of men and equip- ment, warships cruised slowly off Hungnam, Planes Alert Corsairs, Hellcats and Panther lets circled overhead, alert for any sign that the Chinese Red air 'orce might attempt an annihilat- ing climax to the military coup launched in late November by Chi- nese ground forces. Warships shelled the coast and planes hit enemy positions, slow- ing up the buildup of Chinese forces for any attack on Hungnam. Tanks crowded bumper to bum- TTI. wharves. With the exception, of some Much of the arscna] jn meats, rice, and cottonseed oil, farm prices of food commodities are all still below price ceiling levels set by law. For that reason, establishment (A.P. Wirephoto via Radio from Controls on Food Unlikely By Ovid A. Martin bulk of the of ceilings right now would have little or no effect on holding down food prices. In most cases, the Truman was generally expected. ceilings would be above current Army Needs More Men market prices so far as farm As in all previous calls, the draf- Products are concerned, tees are for the Army, the serv- The law says ceilings on farm northeast Korea was slated for movement. There were two big questions arising out of the evacuation: Could the Allied force includ- Ltcj ate A vi uit .TVJ. ice where the greatest manpower Products must not be below parity buildup is needed and where the heaviest losses from battle cas- ualties have occurred. The Army wants called in January and the same in Febru- ary instead of calling only the first month and in the second. The is the biggest monthly call since the huge de- mands of World War II. Along with the draft call there is expectation of increased call-ups of reservists, especially in event of or below prices which prevailed during the 30 days preceding start of the Korean war on June 25. Parity is a legal standard for measuring farm prices. It is de- clared by law to be equally fair to farmers and those who buy their products. The latest government report on farm prices issued November that only cottcn, cot- tonseed, wool, flue-cured tobacco, beef cattle, veal calves, lambs and rice were bringing prices above the national emergency proclama-1 minimum ceiling levels. More may tion. A slow-down in the reserve be shown to be above the ceiling program, put into effect in Octo-jmark in the next report due De- ber, has been abandoned. cember 29. Chinese in New U. S. Uniforms Attack Yanks By Stan Swinton In the Hamhung Area, Korea Chinese Reds wearing American uniforms today made a light attack against this United Nations evacuation beachhead in northeast Korea. It was quickly repulsed. A spokesman said the Chin- ese in company strength or less hit a U. S. Third division infantry company at a. m. The Chinese were wearing full American uniforms, in- cluding brand new parkas. The uniforms apparently were taken from captured Am- ericans during the recent with- drawals of the Allies to the south. The Americans counterat- tacked and by p. m. had driven off the Reds, the spokes- man said. The attacking force was iden- tified as part of a newly re- ported Chinese division, the 81st. At least eight Chinese di- visions now are known to be around the beachhead. ing Puerto Ricans and British Roy- al Marines get out before the Chinese swept in from the frozen mountains in sight of the harbor? Next Step Unknown What was the destination of the still strong 10th corps? Would it go to the Seoul area where the Eighth army still is massed on de- fense lines; to Pusan port in the old southeast Korea beachhead, or to Japan? The Chinese who have, failed to follow through quickly on their several smashing attacks in North the answer to the fate of the evacuation. Gfineral MacArthur's Wednesday afternoon war summary made no mention of the evacuation. It was only 90 words, one of the shortest of the war. It said merely that Allied ground activity both in the 10th corps area around Hungnam and in western Korea was limited Tuesday to pa- (Continued on Page 18, Column i.) KOREA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Generally fair and colder tonight with in- creasing cloudiness Thursday morning. Clpudy Thursday with occasional light snow. Low tonight J12 in city, eight in country. High Thursday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30: minimum, 10; noon, 10; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at weather on page 18.
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