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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 11, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow Tonight, Tuesday Partly Cloudy Buy a Winter Carnival Emblem VOLUME 50, NO. 251 FIVE CENTS PER COPY MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 11, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Ya in With Backs to Sea TODAY- Washington Blames MacArthur By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington When high and trusted officers have made disastrous errors, the right policy is not to raise an outcry of de- fense and blame. The right policy is to find out what actually happen- ed, and to see how the same mis- takes can be avoided in the future. The different parts played in the Korean disaster by the President, his civilian subordinates, the joint chiefs of staff and General Douglas MacArthur should be thus exam- ined, coolly and calmly. The first problem is to isolate the error that produced the dis- aster. This was, undoubtedly the "home by Christmas" offensive, or- dered by General MacArthur last month. Our small and divided forces were bound, from the first, to suffer shattering reverses in this operation if they encountered seri- ous opposition. On the other hand, if our forces had consolidated and dug themselves into strongly forti- fied positions on the narrow neck of Korea, where air power, tanks and artillery could have played their proper roles, we could have hoped to inflict a bloody defeat on any attacking Chinese army, how- ever numerous. Wrong Decision What is now seen as the wrong decision, to launch the "home by Christmas" offensive, was reached after and in spite of the appear- ance of the first Chinese units in the Korean fighting. This first sud- den appearance of Chinese troops The Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. Leyte and destroyer U.S.S. Henderson (left) are refueling from the oiler U.S.S. Cimmarron off the Korean coast. The speedy operation helped the Seventh fleet's task force 77 units to return to battle without leaving the war area. (U.S. Navy Photo via A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Revolutionary Instructions Go to :i in Korea, in October, caused im- measurably more concern in Wash- ington than in Tokyo. In Washington, the gravest warn- ings were received from British intelligence about the Chinese capabilities and intentions. But in Tokyo, General MacArthur had ex- pelled the American intelligence without protest from Washington. He was therefore relying wholly upon his own G-2 staff section and its independent agent net. By this means, it is now known, the Chi- nese and Russians caused a whol- ly false picture of the situation to be conveyed to General MacArthur, and thus enticed him into an enor- mous trap. Because of the warnings received in Washington, it can now be stat- ed that the joint chiefs of staff were filled with apprehension when MacArthur sent them the plans for the "home by Christmas offensive." This apprehension, plus the repre- sentations of the British govern- ment, in turn led the joint chiefs to send an anxious message to Tokyo. No Reinforcements In this message, the joint chiefs (Copyright, 1050, Wir.ona Rrpubllcan-Horald and New York Herald Tribune, By Fendall Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid The Communist party of the United States, undeterred by con- viction of its 11 top leaders for teaching and advocating the violent overthrow of the U. S. government, has intensified its revolutionary instruction within the party after making a pretense of stopping it. I By a new direct order, and un- der a thinly veiled disguise, Com- j munists are still industriously studying the same doctrines of revolution, and are still being told to take to heart Stalin's an- swer to the ques- tion, "What do j we need in order to really win? We need three things: First arms, second arms, third arms and arms The latest party order, dated as recently as November, provides the culminating evidence of the Communist party's primary pur- pose: To subvert and sabotage the United States at its foundations, and to pave the way for what J. Dr. Kendall, 8 Others Receive Nobel Prizes Stockholm, Sweden Nine men were presented Nobel prizes yesterday at resplendent twin cere- monies here and in Oslo, Norway. It was the 54th anniversary of the death of Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and creator of the Winners of the prizes, totaling I nearly in cash and repre- 1 senting the world's foremost hon- Peters, Communist expert, in his book, Steeper Taxes Called Best Inflation Check By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington Some Con- gress members today voiced ap- proval of a key presidential advis- er's call for heavy new taxes and boom production to deal jointly with Communist aggression and home front inflation. There was some disagreement among the lawmakers, however, regarding Leon Keyserling's rating of taxes and production over wage- price controls in the kit of tools to do the job. Keyserling, chairman of Presi- dent Truman's economic advisory council, declared that wage-price curbs are important and he in- dicated they probably will be in- voked eventually. New Controls Near The nation just can't enter upon a defense program of the size con- templated "without a good many more controls than we have now and a good deal more rigid con- Army Believes Chiang's Forces Should Be Used Well-Equipped Chinese Could Trouble Communists By Elton C. Fay, A. P. Military Affairs Reporter Washington Some Ameri- can military men believe guerrilla j warfare on the Chinese mainland by Chiang Kai-shek's forces, with some help, could do effective dam- age to the China Communists. This opinion, expressed to a re- porter today by officials who can- not be named, is based on-mili- tary factors. It does not take into account international political and diplomatic considerations. Because of these letter factors and White House expressions of disapproval, there is reluctance to push the idea. One military view is that such operations would "be of definite val- ue as a diversionary operation to draw away some of the Chinese Communist strength now being poured into the war in Korea. President Truman has besn cool to proposals to aid the Chinese Nationalist guerrilla effort because of the danger that Russia might seize upon such aid as pretext for openly intervening in the Asiatic war. Studies Under Way Nevertheless, it is known that some quiet, long-range studies are under way here which could be used if and when administration and diplomatic policies change. Among other developments, a high ranking officer of one of the services who was an expert on MacArthur Finds Armies Ready For New Stands Marines, In Northeast Complete Retreat Tokyo General MacArthur flew to Korea today for a hard look at his heavily-hit United Nations command. He said it remains un- beaten, relatively secure, and able to battle the Chinese hordes. His secret visit to both the north- west and northeast fronts came as the last elements of bone- cold, unshaven American Marines and doughboys streamed down on- to the Hamhung coastal plain from a series of Red traps near Chang- jin reservoir. A huge fleet stood off Hsm- hung's port of Hugnam. But Back In Tokyo after a secret tour of the northwest and north- eastern fronts in Korea, General Douglas MacArthur reads a state- ment in which he said, "The United Nations' command, in spite of recent heavy fighting, is in excellent shape with high morale and conspicuous self confidence." In the background is Major General Courtney Whitney, secretary of the U.N. command. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) Plan to End War To Be Given U. N. By Max Harrelson Lake Asian and Middle East countries met behind closed doors today to consider final terms of a new Korean peace plan. They were expected to submit the plan to the political commit tee of the U.N. assembly later in the day. India's Sir Senegal Rau, leader of the peace efforts, said he still gup'rrilfa Inad received no word from the Chinese Commuilists as to whether they Wnrlr! War TT hppn WOuld accept 8 preVlOUS SDpCal tO during World War II has been brought back to Washington from an overseas assignment to help in the studies. Dispatches from the Far East suggest that a sizeable Nationalist guerrilla force exists in China. Spencer Moosa, Associated Press correspondent in Formosa, says es- timates range from less than 000 up to But he points out they are poorly equipped, with accept a previous appeal halt at the 38th parallel. Details of the new plan were kept secret, but informed quarters said the resolution would include an ap- peal for a cease-fire and probably would urge creation of a demilitar- ized buffer zone along the 38th parallel, old dividing line between North and South Korea. The U. S. so far has refused to deal with Peiping in such a way old arms and little ammunition.! as to imply recognition of it as a And, he adds, they need a unified government. There has been leadership. no hint it might modify this posi- Keyserling said. Some, he I General'Douglas MacArthur was I tion. Washington has insisted that added, will come very soon. In that connection, some influ- ential officials indicated over the weekend that price ceilings may underground be set up fairly soon, in advance The Commu- ors for contr.''Hitions to humanity, included fou- Americans: "i A lu I Mississippi Novelist William pointed out to General MacArthur j F lk nwirrM thp 1949 that almost the whole existing 007 forces of the United States had the first nist Party, A Manual on Organi- called the mate aim "the party's ulti- revolutionary of any general wage-price freeze, on certain critical defense mater- ials. These officials, who cannot be been committed to him. They stat- ed that full scale involvement with the Chinese would be a full-scale catastrophe. And they inquired whether it would not be more pru- dent to consolidate on the narrow neck of Korea, at least until the general position was more clear. Generally MacArthur replied to this significant inquiry in an equal- ly significant manner. In effect, he took off his hat as an American theater commander. He put on his even grander hat as United Na- (Continued on Page 19, Column 1.) ALSCPS overthrow of capitalism. .estab- j identified by name, "were divided !lishment the dictatorship of the j as to whether it would be possible Proletariat. .establishment of a j to institute any such selective con- Negro ever to be so honored, who received the peace prize for his work as United Nations mediator during the Palestine war. Dr. Philip S. Hench and Dr. Ed- ward C. Kendall of the Mayo clinic at Rochester, Minn., S10.571 each for their research in hormones, in- cluding the discovery of cortisone, a powerful agent in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Socialist Soviet Republic United States." Red Aims Revealed Communisf purpose stands re- vealed through publication of de- tailed sabotage manuals smuggled into the U. S. and precise sabotage surveys of American industries, key facilities and cities. It is brought into relief by the revela- in the trols before the first of the year, Steeper Taxes Seen Keyserling, on a television pro- gram, said that while new controls tions of the party's techniques for The other recipients two Brit- obstructing the courts, by its ef- is, two Germans and a Swiss-j forts in the Stockholm Peace Ap- cre: I peal to frustrate the arming of the British Philosopher Bertrand I Western world, and by its plans to High Court Bans Contempt Sentence Washington The Supreme Russell, 1950 prize for literature change U. S. foreisn policv to one Prci'essor Cecil F. j of appeasement. Finally, the Com- Powoll of Bri- munists' designs become clearer in reported to have wanted to accept, early in the Korean war, Chiang's offer to send of his Formosa troops to Korea to join in the war against the Communists. Wash- ington turned thumbs down on his proposal for both political and mil- itary reasons. Needed in South China Aside from the now well-debated political reasons, some high Pen- tagon officials have opposed the idea on purely military grounds. One argument advanced has been that Chiang's men would be the U.N. is the proper forum for the negotiations. Rent Control Bill Goes to Truman bill extending federal rent controls until next March 31 cleared its last congres- are coming the main reliance must warfare in South China. more useful in waging guerrilla to sjgn sional hurdle today and went to President Truman. He is expected be on steeper taxes, including high' er income levies, and on what he called America's "greatest nonsec- ret weapon" its tremendous pro- duction capacity." Senator O'Mahoney (D.-Wyo.) who has been calling for immedi- ate wage-price controls, told a re- porter he agrees with Keyserling that such curbs alone only would conceal inflation temporarily. Senator Capehart (R.-Ind.) a member of the Senate banking Although the Chinese Commun- ists now have attacked American forces in Korea, there is no Pen- The House completed congres- sional action by shouting its ap- proval of a compromise of differing versions. The Senate niutiiotj ui-Ji m: j vitai ti j. J i_ i. tain's Bristol university, physics their recent orders to increase sab- committee, said he rates wage- prize. for his work on cos- mic rays. Dr. Otto Diels and Professor Kurt Adler, German teacher-stu- j dent team who shared the otage concentrations in industry and to bore into and gain control price controls ahead of taxes the urgency of importance." But he added that there is no (Continued on Page 16, Column 2.) question but taxes must be boosted. court today threw out the contempt sentence given a grand jury wit- of the dien synthesis, a method to SABOTAGE sharply along with production. tagon official who publicly or priv-) gave its okay Friday. ately advocates that the United I B States attempt to send troops on a j retaliatory invasion of China. A fn Vnfp land war with millions of men in iimuiii i" Red China's armies would be all but hopeless. This doesn't mean the U.S. would necessarily sit idly by if all other efforts, including U. N. negotia tions and mediation attempts by other nations, fail. Active, substantial aid to Chi- ang's Nationalist forces ground, sea and air might be only one of them. ness who refused to answer qucs- j tions about alleged Communist! activities. An S-0 decision overturned the one-year jail sentence imposed at Denver on Mrs. I'atricia Blau who refused to answer the Questions because she said she might in- criminate herself. In her appeal Mrs. Blau said that if she answered the questions she might make herself liable to prosecution under the 1940 Smith act. That law makes it a crime to teach or advocate the violent over- throw of the government. Mrs. Blau pointed to the New York conviction of 11 top Commun- ist leaders under the act and claimed for herself the Constitu- tional guarantee against self in- crimination. Agreeing with her contention Justice Black said that provisions of the Smith act "made future prosecution of Jlrs. Blau far more than a mere immaginary possi- bility." An appeal by the 11 Communist leaders is pending before the high court. They have attacked the legality of tie ten-year-old law. produce odors and i chemical compounds complicated artificially. who received S10.o71 along with Dr. Hcnch and Dr. Kendall in the three-man medical award. Al! prize winners except Dr. Bunche received their awards in the grand auditorium of Stock- holm's concert hall. Sweden's King G u s t a f VI personally handed Faulkner his prize. At Oslo, King Haakon, Crown Prince Olav, and other members of the royal family witnessed the presentation of the peace prize to Dr. Bunche by a special committee of the Norwegian parliament in Oslo university's largest hall. 200 Needy Children Outfitted, Funds Sought to Help Others Legion Aiding Toy Drive for Europe St. Fred Hanson, commander of the Minnesota de- partment of the American Legion, said Minnesota will join in the campaign to collect toys for needy children in other .lands. Toys from this state will be sent to West- ern Europe. Margaret isn't her name, but that's what we'll call her. She's a tiny blonde eight. Margaret didn't know quite what to make of it. She stood eyes wide and be- wildered. off that eld coat, Mar- the woman said with a kind voice. "We'll have to hurry." Margaret struggled with the large safety pins that held her tattered jacket together. The worn threads showed that it had been a hand-me-down many times. Her snow pants had a ragged tep.r at the knee and were fas- tened to the suspenders with safety piss. "My, you're held together with the woman said. "We'll fix that." The lady went to an adjoining room and came back with a new scarlet and blue snow- suit with a fur collar and par- ka. "Let's see if this fits, Mar- she said. Margaret tried it on. It fit perfectly. "Now let me see your feet, the woman said. The child held up her foot. She had overshoes, but the heeis were ripped off. She had shoes but her feet were jam- med into them. lie woman looked at another woman who was helping her and sighed. Then she looked at a column of figures on her desk and shook her bead. "She's just got to have she finally said. Margaret got a new pair of shoes and overshoes. Margaret was one of the school children being fitted with warm winter clothes by Good Fellows workers. Not all the children need as many ex- pensive things as Margaret did, but there are enough of them who do to make the average expenditure for each needy child about seven dollars. About 200 school children have been taken care of so far. But the money has been com- ing in slowly to the Good Fel- lows fund, and if contributions do not soon increase, children like Margaret may have to go some of the things they really need. Won't you help children like Margaret, who are improperly clothed through no fault of their own, by sending or bring- ing a contribution to THE GOOD FELLOWS in care of The Republican-Herald? On Storm Sewers Windom, here will decide next month whether to spend to for a new sewage disposal plant and exten- sion of storm sewers. Be a Good Fellow Previously Republican-Herald car- rier............... l.W Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Barkeim Kiwanis club of Wino- na 50.00 Mr. and Mrs. L'. Me- Dirmid, Hixton, Wis. 5.00 Madelyn and David.... 2.00 0. A. M............. 20.00 Mary Ann, Jim, John and Wes 5.00 A Good Fellow 1.00 William Hardt........ 20.00 From a Friend, Pres- fon, Minn........... 5.00 From a Friend 50.00 Twins 2.00 Anonymous 1-00 Walter Lawrenz 1.00 A friend '1.00 From i A friend from ing. Henry Olson Turkey dinner for five children on Christ- mas day. Gerry Albrecht Toys and clothing. From Mrs. D. E. A friend from and clothing. Williams Ahead Votes in Michigan Recount Detroit W) Armed with an ever-mounting recount margin of now well over votes, Demo- cratic Governor G. Mennen Wil- liams accused the Republicans to- day of trying to "go back and start all over again under a dif- ferent set of rules." Williams' sharp protest came after G.O.P. attorneys asked the Michigan board of canvassers to rule oa two petitions they said might mean "extensive" changes in the governorship recount that so far has nearly tripled the gov- ernor's official canvass lead over his Republican opponent, Harry F. Kelly. As the ninth day of rechecking began today, Williams had a lead of including his official can- vass edge of on the basis of precincts completed out of in the state. The totals were: Williams (D.) Kelly (R.) Forty-seven of the state's 83 counties have finished their re- count. The petitions, filed late Satur- day night, dealt with rulings of the Wayne csunty canvass board. One of those rulings held valid ballots on which election officials had printed their initials instead of writing them. The other per- mitted ballots on which the offi- cials initials were superimposed over numbers. A ruling from the state canvass board, all-Republican in person- nel, was expected today. Williams called the Republican, move "A Trojan horse device to start this recount all over again, open up ballot boxes already re- counted and resealed, and thus de- lay a decision until long after the first of the year." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight with occasional light snow. Tuesday partly cloudy. No important temperature change. Low tonight 14 in city, 10 in coun- try. High Tuesday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 25; minimum, 16; noon, 19; precipitation, trace. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 25; minimum, 13; noon, 21; precipitation, .12 (1% inches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at (Additional weather on Page 16.) 30% Casualties Marina corps announced today that the First Marint division suffered more than 30 ptr cent casual- ties in its desperate and suc- cessful fight to break out of a Chinese trap in Korea. This im- plies possibly to casualties in the three infan- try regiments making up the division although the Marine Corps gave no specific figure. The casualties include those taken out of action by frost- bite. whether it would weary, outnumbered U. S. Tenth corps units in the northeast re- mained to be seen. The northwest front was relatively quiet. There was a note of guarded op- timism in MacArthur's statement to correspondents 'after he return- ed to Tokyo from his quick trip to the warfronts. He had conferred on-the-spot with his top generals. "The United Nations command, in spite of its recent heavy fight- ing, is in excellent shape with high morale and conspicuous self con- the U.N. commander said. '.'Although heavily outnum- bered it has come through in a superior manner. "The enemy's claims of United Nations losses in men and mate- rial are fantastically exaggerated. We are being forced to give ground but our fighting capacity has suffered little .general impair- ment." He added that the Chinese Reds bad failed in a plan "to encompass our destruction by one massive stroke." "All pur units are intact and the losses inficted on the enemy have seen staggering estimated by local commanders in the field as (Continued on Page 15, Column 2.) KOREA Traffic Mishaps 4 in State By The Associated Press Three Minnesotans died in two train-car collisions over the week- end. Two other persons were in- jured. A motorist was killed near Wadena as his car overturned on an icy highway. Lloyd Anderson, 15, and Mi- chael Rooney, 11, both of Grove City, were killed at a Great North- ern Railway crossing near Grova City. John Rooney, 15, driver of the car in which the trio was riding, was injured. The boys were bound for a skiing party when their car and a mail train collided. Grove City is 27 miles east of Willmar. Aimer Gundcrson, 57, of Glyndon, was killed when a car in which Jie was riding was hit by the Northern. Pacific's crack north coast limited at a Moorhead crossing. Oscar Tveten, riding with Gun- derson, suffered head and chest injuries. Merle Brown, 30, Halstad, was injured fatally as his car skidded on an icy highway near Wadena ,nd overturned.
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