Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow, Moderate Temperature Let Advertisements Be Your Shopping Guide VOLUME 50, NO. 248 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1950 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Allies Rally at Dug-in Defense Line Intent to Kill Charge Brought Against Slifka Mabel Laborer Unable to Furnish in Bail Preston, Minn. (Special) Bound over to district court on a charge of assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill, Elmer Slifka, 26, is in the Fillmore coun- ty jail here today, unable to fur- nish bond. Slifka, Mabel area resident, was arraigned before Justice A. H. Lan- gum here Wednesday afternoon. In a ligned statement ob- tained by Sheriff Donald A. Cook, Slifka reportedly threat- ened to "kill them refer- ring to his landlord, his wife, child and the landlord's mother. The laborer, arrested early Tues- morning after a shooting spree at the Raymond Ford home a mile from town on highway 43, al shots with, No one was Truman, Atflee Study Plans For Blockade Would Cut Off All Shipments To Comm.unists By John M. Hightower Washington President Tru- man and Prime Minister Attlee to- day were reported seriously con- sidering a blockade of the Red China coast if United Nations troops are long beleaguered or are driven out of Korea. The proposal was described by diplomatic informants as one of several ways considered for deal- ing with the Chinese Communist aggression, depending on what actually happens in the Korean fighting. Negotiation of a settlement is another possible way and the Presi- dent and prime minister are ready admitted firing several shots with a .22 caliber pistol. Ito consider anv Chinese peace hurt, however. U. S. and infantrymen today fought bitterly to blast an escape route along the road (A) from encircled units at Koto to Eamhung. Units trying to open a route from the south were itopped ,nt Majon. Seven Chinese divisions were reported deployed the highway. Americans have evacuated Hyesanjin (B) and South Koreans have pulled back from Chongjin (C) but a security blackout has held up detailed reports from these sectors. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) REP SABOTAGE IN U. S. Closer Guard Necessary in War Factories Communists Know Loopholes In American Industries By Fendall Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid (Copyright, 1950, Wincma 'Reptiblican-Hero.ld and New Yorfc Herald Tribune, Inc.) AMERICA'S industrial facilities, the keystone of national defense, are ripe today for sabotage. Top government officials who are directly concerned with internal security acknowledge that, whila a start has been made in the right direction, much needs to be done before the nation's industrial plant can feel secure. A survey of important defense plants over a wide area during, the last ten days, including discussions with government and industry officials working on antisabotage measures, un- derscored the laxness of the plant security pro- gram. Some of the most glaring shortcomings dis- covered were: (For security reasons, the identities of the _____________plants are withheld.) An engine plant in the Midwest, built since the war, boasts modern design, many large windows, and great esthetic beauty. It was open to the surrounding territory. The management was found reluctant to mar its appearance with a of the first requirements for plant security. Threatens Cop According to the statement, Slifka also threatened to go after Mabel Marshal Lester Sinclair. "I'm going to get that the move provided it does not involve "appeasement." In general, it appears that Mr. Truman and his advisers are tak- ing a much tougher line than Att- lee on the Far East, both as to possible negotiations or as to This Train Is Jammed with soldiers, civilian refugees and heavy motorized equipment on flatcars, is ready to move south from Sariwan, North Korea, as the Allies flee from Communist armies. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) statement quotes Slifka as saying I putting direct pressure on the to Raymond Ford. i Slifka prior to making this re mark had taken the marshal's gun, holster, shirt and jacket. Wear- ing shoes, stockings and trousers, Sinclair got away from the Ford house when Slifka ordered him to find Ford's mother. Mrs. Ford, clad only in a night- gown and rubbers, had previously escaped from the house and fled to a neighbor's home the F. M. Trygstad residence. Firei Through Wall Before her sudden departure, lowever, a shot fired by Slifka passed through a wall into the room where Mrs. Ford had been aiding, the statement reveals. The account of the shooting spree, based on the statement given by Slifka to the sheriff and )ther accounts, reveals the follow- ing story: Ford and his mother, who rent out then- upstairs to Slifka and Chinese Reds outside Korea. The White House announced the conferences will continue at least through tomorrow. Stephen T. Early, acting presidential secre- tary, said it was impossible to say at this time whether they might extend beyond Friday. As the Anglo-American talks en- tered their fourth day the Presi- dent and prime minister were con- centrating on plans for a speedup in Western Europe rearmament with the prospect that General Dwight D. Eisenhower can be nam- ed as supreme commander in a week or ten days. Place for Differences with France over in- cluding German units in a West- ern European defense force were evidently France an- nounced last night that she will call a meeting of the Western European nations in Paris next month to draw up plans for a European ar- my. us family, heard loud noises short- B'ut the critical Korean situation y after midnight. Eighth of A Series Of Ten mother to quit talking. If she didn't, Slifka threatened to "kill them all." Mrs. Ford came almost to the top of the stairs and then ran back down again, hiding in one el the rooms. At this point Slifka fired twice through the window and once at a An eastern aircraft plant was well fenced, but power cables were I wall clock, knocking off one of its carried in through conduits large enough to permit a man to crawl! hands. He told the terrified wit- They hollered to Slifka to keep quiet, but gelling no results, Ford went upstairs to investigate. When he got to the top of the stairs he found himself covered with a gun held by Slifka. Meanwhile, Mrs. Ford had run continued to overshadow the Wash- ington conference. Evidence was that if any firm indication of peace- ful action by the Chinese Commu- nists was received hers it would be immediately considered by Mr. Truman and Attlee. Meanwhile they were reported to 'Kill Them All' Slifka heard the and ordered Ford conversation to teU his into the power center or the plant itself. The conduits were unguarded, and contained no bars or screening to block passage. Still another plant was found in which a storm sewer pipe, nor- mally dry and large enough for a man to crawl through, led from out- side the fence into the interior area. Loopholes in Protection A bearing plant located on a river in an eastern stite was securely fenced on three sides, but access from the river was completely open. .An aircraft plant in the East was served by a railroad spur leading to a loading platform protected by locked doors. But the keys to the loading shed doors were handed back and forth casually among train crew members. A number of plants, including some large ones, were found to be lacking in secondary electric power sources to be thrown on if then- primary supplies should be sabotaged. In one case, a Midwest ma- chine tool plant was equipped with substitute power equipment But the main control board for the auxiliary net was in an unguarded room easily accessible through a large skylight. Another Midwest tool plant acknowledged that it had only one- fifth the necessary number of guards for rudimentary protection. An eastern aviation plant lacked a sprinkler system to combat fire from arson or natural causes. These are representative defects. checked by plant and military security officers. But in some cases, because of the lack of a comprehensive antisabotage program, high costs, or the absence of a sense of urgency, the remedies are not being put into effect promptly. Known to Communists Such chinks in the industrial armor have been spotted and analyzed by Communist sabotage crews, who have made repeated surveys of major production facilities in the United States for destruction in case of war. In Washington, government officials responsible for internal se- curity recognize that these and other more serious weaknesses exist in industrial plants throughout the nation. A start has been made on the long and involved corrective procedures that are believed necessary. At the behest of Rear Admiral Sidney S. Souers, consultant to the President on security matters, and after a comprehensive survey of J. Patrick Coyne, now the National Security Ccuncil representative on internal security, the N.S.C. passed a' directive on -March 23, 1949, setting up two committees, the Interdepartmental Intelligence Con- ference (I.I.C.) and the Interdepartmental Committee on Internal Security to co-ordinate the nation's internal security planning. (Continued on Page 22, Column 1} RED SABOTAGE nesses he wanted to demonstrate what a good shot he was. Slifka then ordered Ford, Mrs. Slifka and daughter downstairs. Mrs. Ford was still hiding in the next room. Slifka Ihen began complaining II UJAWj ilil J. A. Ui li 1 U4J t_J J i J" to a telephone and was calling reached an understanding on Marshal Sinclair beyond which they would not go in negotiating a settlement. The position may be roughly summarized as one of favoring peace but not at any price. On the part of the American government there is a firm decision against any voluntary withdrawal of forces in the face of Chinese Communist pressure. But if the U. N. tropps cannot hold on at some point and if the Communists will not make a settlement an enforced with- drawal would be the only alterna- tive. Attlee appeared to be in agree-- ment with that policy. Double Dead Out The U. S. government is said to have ruled out any deal to buy peace in Korea by supporting instead of sponsoring Red Chi- na's bid for membership in the about his rent and demanded that I U.N., or by bartering Formosa or 9 Years Take U. S. Back to 'Pearl Harbor' Nine years ago today a Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor catapulted this nation into World War II. The impact of the disaster of that Sunday afternoon December 7, 1941 stirred the United States to a mighty effort which brought a victory. And it heralded for America a new role of world lead- ership in the cause of freedom. When the victory finally came, a tired and chastened world looked eagerly for a path to permanent peace. As a stepping stone, it set up the United Nations.. It's just nine years since Pearl Harbor. Where has the path led? In the Korean icebox, hundreds of thousands carrying the U. N. banner are fighting for their lives, against hordes of Chinese Com- munists. In Indo-China and Ma- laya, man kills man for power or freedom. The world has come thus far in just nine years. Korean Casualties Up in Week Washington Announced American casualties in Korea rose to today, an increase of 1, 414 in a week. The total is based upon the num- ber of casualties reported to the next of kin through December 1, and does not represent all losses up to that time. The Defense department gave this breakdown in today's report: Killed in action Wounded of whom 573 lat- er died of wounds. This means I the'assembiy Russia's there actually have been a total of deaths reported. Missing in action since the begin- ning of the Korean war of whom are listed as currently missing. WEATHER Hope to Stem Red Hordes in North Korea Chinese Press U.N. Forces South of Pyongyang By The Associated Press Tokyo UR Allied troops ral- lied today on a new dug-in defense line 58 miles inside North Korea with hopes that favorable mountain positions, air support and their outnumbered manpower might stem the Chinese Red tide. A hundred thousand enemy troops are estimated in the frontal array against them with to more in reserve. To the north and east the new line, U. S. Marines and doughboys and Allied U. N. forces of the Tenth corps were fighting in snow and bitter cold in efforts to escape widely encircling Chinese man- traps. The Eighth army's western de- fense is manned by the survivors of General Waiton H. Walker's force that numbered troops before it was forced into retreat late in November. Defense Lines The defense is pegged on the Yellow Sea coast and extends 70 miles inland on an arc to Koksan. It is 53 miles southeast of the Red Korean capital of Pyongyang. General MacArthur's headquar- ters described the U. N. line as east north from a U. N. Opens Debate On Request China Withdraw Forces By A. I. Goldberg Lake U.N. assembly political committee begins first full discussion of Pearl the West-} tributary'of" ern big powers' request for Communist China to withdraw its troops the Of from Korea. Supporters foresaw quick approval of the proposal, probably by Friday afternoon, with full assembly approval possible by the enc of the week. But Chinese Communist repre- sentatives here have frowned on proposals that the Red armies stop at the 38th parallel. The Peiping radio has broadcast a statement their troops will roll south "to aid The effect of a U. N. with- drawal demand was doubtful. Excuse to Quit Korea One U. S. source, admitting he was taking the most hopeful atti- tude he could think of, explained his optimism this way: "If this resolution is adopted by the U. N., it will be the first time that the full membership of the U. N. will have asked the Chinese Communists to do anything. May- be the Chinese Communists are waiting for such a request from the whole U. N. If that is so, this will give them the excuse to quit Korea. "If not, then the will of the_ rest of the nations of the world will be on record and they can act on their decision." More realistic observers pointed out that Wu Hsiu-chuan, leader of the Chinese Communist delegation here, told the security council last week that his government will not recognize any decision taken by the U. N. so long as it is not given a seat in the world-group. Russia Flays Appeal Russia's veto of the withdrawal proposal in the security council, Russia's attempts to keep it off Evacuation Plan Ready For Korea Ford bring out his wallet anc checkbook, which the latter did. A fourth shot was then fired b3 Slifka, this time through the wall The bullet missed Mrs. Ford, who decided it was time to get out 0: the house. (Mrs. Ford is suffering from exposure to the cold night air and snow, but it not hospital- Lied.) A few minutes later the mar- shal came, was met by Slifka and ordered to disarm, partially dis They have been detected and robe and face the wall. Ford began to ask about his mother at 'this time, and Slifka re- plied! by ordering the marshal to find Mrs. Ford. Found in Daze Sinclair went to the Trygstad home and was taken into Mabel by Neil Trygstad where Sinclair called the sheriff. After the marshal's departure, Slifka told Raymond Ford: "I'm going to get that cop." But instead he sent Ford out to get his mother and Slifka returned upstairs. His wife asked him to go to bed, which he did. She picked up his gun and he showed her how to un- load it. When Sheriff Cook and his deputy, Walter Kreugel arrived about 3 a. m., they found Slifka in a daze. He surrendered without resistance. the interests of Indo-China. Meanwhile, a group of 24 G.O.P. senators headed by Senator Kem (R.-Mo.) pushed a resolution which would csll on Mr. Truman to re- port fully on his talks with Attlee and to submit any agreements reached in the form of treat- ies which would require Senate ap- proval. FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Occasional j light snow flurries tonight and Fri- day. Moderate temperature. Low tonight 30, high Friday 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hoars ending at 12 m. today: Maximum 34; minimum 13; noon, 34; precipitation, .16 (three inches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 18. rision of the 13-nation appeal to the Chinese Communists to halt at the 38th were taken as concrete evidence of the low opinion the Moscow-Peiping axis holds of the demand. Wu announced beforehand he would not take part in discussions on the Korean he and Russia insist only Chinese "volunteers" are "fighting to de- fend China." Conviction of Hiss For Perjury Upheld New York Conviction of Alger Hiss, former high State de- partment official, on a charge of perjury was unanimously upheld today by the U. S. circuit court of appeals. By Drew Pearson joint chiefs of staff have grimly warned President Truman that our troops cannot hold Korea against the swarming anthill of Chinese Com- munists, and, as a result, that the Navy is now preparing to evacuate our ground forces from the Korean peninsula, Dunkerque style. These are some of the unpleasant facts placed before leaders of Con- gress in late-night sessions with administration representatives. A double-Dunkerque may in fact be necessary to pull out the Tenth corps from the east coast and the Eighth army from the west coast. It is no longer a secret that our main worry is that the Russians to Koksan, 35 miles north of the main highway to Seoul. American troops joined forces on the snow-swept northeast front for an escape drive through a Chi- nese trap. They pushed into Koto today after a bitter battle through heavy Chinese resistance south of the Changjin reservoir. Slow Progress It took them 25 hours to batter their way eight miles from Hagau. A headquarters spokesman said, "The pressure is heavy at Hagau and the enemy is frying to cap- ture as many of our men as they can." The Americans still were faced with fighting their way out of Koto trough heavy Communist concen- trations to cover the 40 miles of winding mountain road southeast o Hamhung. Seven Chinese divisions were de- ployed along the only escape route south from Koto. The spokesman said he may be able tomorrow to identify two Chinese divisions fighting to hold the Am- ericans in the trap. The eight-mile trek into Koto was rugged enough. Elements of the rifth and Seventh Marine regi- ments and the 31st and 32nd regi- ments of the Seventh division fought through zero weather, a blinding snow storm and one Chi- Mother Appeals to Goo J Fellows For Warm Clothing for Children What will Christmas mean to children who can't go out to romp in the they do not have warm clothing, overshoes and mittens? Here is a letter from a Winona mother whose children would face such a prospect, if it weren't for the Good Fellows aid they wfll re- eive: Dear Good Fellows: "With. Christmas so near, I'm compelled to ask for some clothing this year for my babies. Our fourth child is ex- pected in March, and we just can't afford to get our four- year-old girl, two-year-old boy and baby girl, age one, snow suits. "I have been making the children stay indoors because of lack of warm snowsuits so they could go out and play. "It's pretty hard to think what we'll do to clothe the new addition in March, but if you could help us with snow suits, I'd greatly appreciate it." In another case the father is employed, but his wife has just had a major operation and his two- year-old daughter has been seri- ously ilL The medical expense involved has thrown his shaky budget out of balance, and his four-year-old son and tiny daughter lack ade- quate winter clothing. These two families will receive Good Fellows aid this Christmas. But there are others in which the children may be forgotten, if in- sufficient money is raised for the Good Fellows fund. You can help these children by sending in your contribution, small or large, to The Good Fellows, in care of The Republican-Herald. Re- member, EVERY child is entitled to a Christmas. iiitiiii rrwj. A j 4.13 uiav u-it. atuooiaua ji.it ri might choose this moment to start roadblock World War II by striking at our evacuating army by air and sub marine. The Russians, with 000 troops in Siberia, plus air planes at Siberian bases, plu about 60 submarines- in Siberia waters are fully aware of the fac that it would be possible for them to try to sink the bulk of our Army just as the Japanese sank our Navy at Pearl Harbor. The cost in American lives of th Korean retreat hasn't been esti mated. However, the Pentagon has received spot figures which fore bode a terrible casualty er than that of the Battle of the Bulge. Be a Good Fellow Previously listed Mrs. E. F........... 1.00 Nodine Ready Workers 4-H club ZOO Mr. and Mrs. George Sobeck, Bob, Becky and Jack 25.00 Winona Hotels, Inc. 50.00 Military Order of the Lady Bugs 5.00 Wilton Firefly 4 H club 5.00 A friend 50.00 Mrs. George J. Tweedy 5.00 Dr. R. H. Wilson 10.00 A grandmother 5.00 Bishop Edward A. Fitzgerald 15.00 Botsford Lumber Com- pany and Employes of the General Office 200.00 Sue and Kris 1.00 Winona Fighters association 15.00 Mr. and Mrs. J. Riven 5.00 Father Tierney 5.00 Western Coal and Sup- ply Company 25.00 Ole Bjelland, Blair, 2.00 Total From Pickwick Chapter of Eastern The Communists threw mortar and small arms fire, "Molotov filled and sticks of explosives at the Americans. Aircraft Blast Reds Allied aircraft countered with strikes that left the surrounding hills ablaze. Infantrymen from the U. S. Third division moved up from the Ham- hung araa to try to clear the road for the trapped Americans. They were forced to halt near Majon, 15 road miles south of Koto, and engage Chinese aroops in heavy fighting. A security blackout Jield up re- ports from the other northeast sec- tors. U. N. troops face three Red armies and elements of a fourth on the far-flung front. American troops have evacuated the Hyesanjin area on the north Korean Manchurian border. The headquarters spokesman refused to give the location of the troops or of the Republic of Korea Capital division. The South Koreans were juUing back from Cbongjin, within 40 air miles of the Siberian border. The spokesman said only that be. South Koreans were "still in jusiness."