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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 6, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Mud) Colder Tonight, Thursday Avoid the Rush! Do Your Christmas Shopping Now VOLUME 50, NO. 247 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 6, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Attlee Declares Allied Army Digs in for Stand Below Pyongyang New Line Near 38th Parallel U, S. Army Personnel with meager gear wait on snow covered airfield as they await evacuation from Pyongyang, North Korea. One of the evacuation planes is shown in background. (A.P. Wire- photo via radio from Tokyo.) RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Reds Penetrate, Convert Groups To Own Plans Communist's Play Up to Church, P.-T. A. Units (Copyright, 1950, Wtnowi Republican-Herald and Neio York Herald Tribune, Inc.) By Fendall Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid AT A STATE-WIDE meeting in the East during the past week, a navior.al leader of the Communist party directed that all comrades be ordered to join church and community organizations, in order to subvert 'them to Communist aims and policies. The nation's small, sincere and loyal neighborhood groups, the cornerstones of American society, thus were brought under direct attacks in the Communist party's "grass roots" campaign to reinforce and expand its entire "united front." It is a stepped-up campaign by which the party seeks to enmesh innocent persons and groups in the ideological subversion of Com- immism. According to the party's precise plans, no community organ- ization, church group, fmternal lodge, sports club or educational association, no unit of people for political or social purposes in any segment of American life, is immune from the Communist united front drive. Communist infiltration can be expected anywhere and everywhere. The national party leader at last week's rr.eet- Seventh of A Series Of Ten ing, for example! stressed that Communists in local community and church groups should instigate "peace" movements within these or- ganizations. He instructed them to propagandize the horrors of atom warfare by playing up the terror and damage that might result from the dropping of a rtciprowl United States. Such religious and peace-loving groups, he found, would be ideal places to inaugurate appeasement campaigns based on Communist terms. He directed members to whip up movements to harrass the United Nations, the Congress and the national administration with telegrams and resolutions urging the Western powers to negotiate a peace. At another meeting of top functionaries in the East last week the comrades were directed to blame General Douglas MacArthur for the "shortcomings" of the war, and to urge, using any and every means, that he be withdrawn from command. This line must be given priority, the top party leaders were told, because "MacArthur is undoubtedly the most competent man the United States could have." The party leaders were again ordered to have their members send wires to the I "atom-maniacs" demanding the banning of the A-bomb. The united front concept is an old one in the Communist party (Continued on Page 4, Column 3.) RED SABOTAGE Four Wisconsin Children Killed At Crossing South Beaver Dam, Wis. Four homeward bound school youngsters were killed Tuesday when their auto was demolished by a special express train loaded with Christmas trees and holly wreaths. The speeding North Western train struck the car and shear- ed it in two at a crossing 200 yards from here, killing: Joan Gardinier, 14, and her brother, Richard, 12, whose widow- ed mother lives at Route 3, Beav- er Dam, and Eunice Gunther, 13, and her sister, Betty, nine, chil- dren of Mr. and Mrs. George Gun- ther, also of Route 3, Beaver Dam. Karl Omick, 40, neighbor of the families who drove the children home daily, was hospitalized in a state of extreme shock. Ke also suffered head cuts. The children all were in the rear seat. Engineer Bert Mink of Adams said the train was traveling 76 miles an hour when it struck the car at the unguarded crossing. The impact knocked the two front wheels and two of the main drive wheels off the track but the train, teetering from side to side, was stopped without tipping about a mile from the crossing. Omick, who works in Beaver Dam. always took the same route the children home from St. Stephen's Lutheran school. Or- dinarily, no train went through at that hour. Tuesday's special ex- press came through at p.m. Last summer the state public service commission ordered that warning signals be installed at the Kilgore Urges Eisenhower Be Given Command Demand Mounts In Congress for Withdrawal in Korea By Jack Bel! Washington Senator Kil- gore (D.-W. Va.) proposed today that President Truman appoint General Dwight D. Eisenhower as over-all Pacific commander and send more troops to Korea. The West Virginia senator's sug- gestion came in an interview amid a growing demand in Con- gress for speedy withdrawal of United Nations troops facing over- whelming Chinese Communist forces in Korea. Despite President Truman's staunch support of General Doug- las MacArthur, Kilgore said he be- lieves the chances of negotiating some sort of peace with the Chi- nese Communists would be in- creased if Eisenhower were given the top command. He predicted that the United Nations would ap- prove any such move speedily. President Truman is reported to want Eisenhower to head the pro- posed European defense force. Kil- gore said the general still would be Blast Cuts Off Power in Albert Lea Albert Lea, Minn. An explosion and fire in the Inter- state Power Company plant here about a. m. cut'off all electric power. No one was hurt in the blast and The power failure meant that all heating equipment requir- ing electric current was not operating. The temperature at 6 a. m. was near zero. Service was restored in part about 8 a, m. The Northern States Power Company sent a truck load of cable from Minneapolis. It was used for making added emerg- ency connections. The fire started in the cable vault connecting the Interstate company's plant and a sub- station. Charlie Ross, Truman's Press Secretary, Dead 3y Ernest B. Vaccaro Washington Ross, President Truman's official voice men, is dead. The President's press secretary succumbed at p.m. yesterday of a heart attack. He was 65. A kind, gentle, sentimental news- paperman, Charles G. Ross was catapulted into nence when his national boyhood promi friend, successful in quieting the Pacific area. Would Pull Out Kilgore's proposal for troop re- inforcements apparently ran coun- ter to a reported decision of the joint chiefs of staff that no more men and equipment can be dis- patched to Korea. While there was some talk in Congress of the possibility of hold- ing one or two beachheads or even of forming a defense line some senators were saying that U. N. forces ought to be pulled out of Korea as rapidly as pos- sible, press conference when the sum Senator Taft (R.-Ohio) told a re-1 mons Mr. Truman said in porter he thinks it will he almost a statement. "He fell at his post, impossible for the U. N. armies to form a defense line if the Chi- nese Communists continue to at- tack. Harry S. Truman, became Presi- dent of the United States. As he would have wished it, Ross died at his desk and, more im- portant, as a reporter. "It was characteristic of Char- lie Ross that he was holding a a casualty of his fidelity to duty and his determination that our peo- ple should know the truth, and all the truth, in these critical times." Stassen Demands Ultimatum to China By Robert Eunson E. Stassen urged today an immediate cease- fire in if that all-out assault with atomic and other weapons on Red China's military might. The former Minnesota governor and aspirant for the 1943 Republi- can nomination for president gave his views at a news conference a day after he had a private talk with General MacArthur.___________ But with MacArthur's chief press officer at his elbow, Stassen in- crossing by July_l, 1951. A can- sisted the cease-fire or else plan was his own and that he had not ning factory borders the side of I the road by which Omick ap- I preached the crossing. I A coroner's jury was irnmedi- ately called together for an in- quest. Wreckage the car was strewn as far as 300 yards away. One piece struck and damaged the de- pot This special freight was headed for Chicago from St. Paul. it with the U.N. com- Duke of Windsor, Wally Stil! Happy Private William M. Robinson of Nashville, Tenn., rolls another tire on huge fire at Pyongyang in Northern Korea as the 189th Regimental combat team destroys what equipment it cannot take in evacuation of the city. (A.P. Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo.) I New York The Duke of I Windsor arrived here today aboard the Queen Elizabeth and was greet- ed with fervent kisses by his wife, I the former Wallis Warfield Simp- son. She and the man who renounced the British throne for her love laughed heartily at published re- ports they were estranged. "This is not the first time they have done said the Duke. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Gearing and much colder tonight. General- ly fair and continued cold Thurs- day. Low tonight zero in city, five below in country. High Thursday 15 above. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 26; minimum, 12; noon. 19; precipitation, .32 (five inches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at discussed mander. Stassen, president of the Univer- sity of Pennsylvania, is on .a per- sonal world survey tour. In a statement circulated at the news conference he did not men- tion the atomic bomb. But he said if the Reds re- fuse to cease fire by midnight Fri- day (10 a. m., E.S.T.) MacAr- thur should be di- rected to strike "in any manner" at Chinese Com- munist military targets in Korea or China. Under question- ing of c o r r e- spondents, Stas- sen said striking Harold Stascen "in any manner" meant use of atomic weapons if feasible. Stassen suggested that a cease- fire should be followed by with- drawal of all non-Korean forces from Korea and U. N. mediation of differences over the country. Own Views Stassen emphasized in his 500- word introductory statement that those were his own views "and they are not to be taken by in- ference or otherwise to represent the views of the United States gov- ernment nor of any other indivi- dual." He was closeted with MacArth- ur two hours Tuesday. Stassen had told correspondents after that ses- sion he 'did not intend to make any statement on policy during his current world tour. Today's statement was mimeo- graphed at MacArthur's headquar- ters under the heading "General Headquarters, Far East Command, public information office." A spokesman at MacArthur's headquarters declined comment on the statement. MacArthur's press officer, Colonel Marion P. Echols who sat by Stassen during the news conference, explained: The Allied Eighth Army was reported to have halted its retreat to dig in on a new defense line Isomewhere south of Pyongyang possibly in the vicinity of the Sibyon where South Korean troops have been cleaning out guerrillas. In the northeast, Communists have cut the highway between Hungham and Wonsan Marines and soldiers were still surrounded south of the Changjin reservoir Underlined cities indicate ports available for mass evacuation of Allied troops if necessary. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Eighth army forces halted their mass retreat south from Pyongyang today and dug in for a new western Korean stand against the onrushing armies of Red China. General MacArthur's headquarters kept secret the locations of the new line. The Americans, South Koreans, British and Turks of the Eighth army with their better transport had outrun the Chinese and every hour was vital in bulwarking their new positions.____________ A spokesman said only that the line ran from a point south of Pyongyang to positions south and east. There were indications the new line might be somewhere near parallel 38, the old border between Red North and Republican South Korea. South Korean forces swept into hill country to clean out guer- rillas near Sibyon, a hamlet 70 miles southeast of Pyongyang. General J. Lawton Collins, U. S. Army chief of staff on a flying visit in Korea for close range stu- dy of the military situation, said: "I think the Eighth-army is cap- able of taking care of itself." At a news conference in Seoul, he told war correspondents morale was high among troops he had seen. He flew to the area just south of Pyongyang. The chief of staff said he could see no worthwhile tactical use for the atom bomb in Korea. Collins planned a flight Wednes- day to the northeast front, where Chinese were mounting a vast enveloping move around five scattered Allied divisions of the U. S. Tenth corps. One Chinese spearhead already had cut the main highway between the two major east coast ports of He (Stassen) just called me up Hungnam and Wonsan. Hungnam is about 50 air miles north of Won- san, Tenth corps headquarters. and asked me if I could help him and I did." Truman to Ask Five Billions to Arm Allies Washington Tru- man probably will ask Congress next year for a record 000 to continue and quicken the strengthening of Western defenses against Communism. That much has been budgeted for foreign arms aid for the next fiscal year, responsible officials said today. They declined to be quoted by name. They said the amount was fixed before the new Korean crisis arose and may be stepped up materially if events show that American and Western European industry can be made to spin faster. A appropriation would raise the American arms outlay for the North Atlantic and Allied nations to in three years. Good Fellows Need Help of Many To Assure Aid to Needy Children It is not the amount you give. It is that you have giv- en that counts. "Blessed is he that consider- eth the poor; the Lord will de- liver him in time of trouble." These two thoughts are asso- ciated closely with the Christ- mas season and with the Good Fellows. There is a satisfaction that conies to one's soul when he gives to help a needy child at Christmas. In the past, many individuals have given to The Good Fel- lows. Many have put a dollar bill in an envelope and mailed it to The Good Fellows, The Republican-Herald, Winona. These dollar bills coming from a great many can grow into large sums, which can and do buy a lot of warm shoes Be a Good Fellow Previously listed R. W. Andrus Edith Thompson Mrs. E. F. Heim Mr, and Mrs. Joe A. Duncanson Winona Insurance Agency Employes Mrs. S. P., clothing. Susan and clothing and toys. 5.00 2.00 4-00 25.00 and overshoes for needy chil- dren of this community. It is such great many of them, that make this grand ef- fort to being Christmas to ev- ery child in this community a success. The Good Fellows is a move- ment open to all. The size of the contribution is not so im- portant. It is that you have given to the cause of bringing joy to some needy child at Christmas. You have passed along the Christmas spirit, the joy that comes in helping an- other, brightening his or her day, cheering them up and let- ting them know that they are not forgotten children. It is the real way of Christ, the spreading of the joy that Christmas day heralds to the whole world. Join the Good Fellows now. Take time out to address an envelope. Put your contribution in it and maE it to The Good Fellows, The Republican-Her- ald, Winona, Minn. Little Chance Of Truce in Korean War Situation of U. S. Ground Forces Termed 'Very Grave' BULLETIN Min- ister Attlee of Britain declared today there will be "no ap- peasement" of Communist China in an effort to halt the, Korean fighting. ali know from our own bitter experience that appease- merit does not he told a National Press club luncheon. Speaking slowly to a standing room-only audience, touched off a big burst of ap- plause when he said Britain intends to stand by the United States in Korea. He pledged that so long as "the stars and stripes fly in Korea the British flag will fly beside them." By Elton C. Fay, A.P. Military Affairs Reporter Washington The situation of United Nations ground forces in Korea is looked upon as "very grave" by a high Pentagon offi- cial who sees scant hope that dip- lomatic negotiations can change warring Red China's mind. But neither this official who can- not be named nor others in the Pentagon appeared today to have anything resembling a sure-fire plan for stemming with Allied arms along the tidal wave of a Chinese Communist army. This didn't mean the attempt wouldn't be made before 'the Unit- ed States and its Allies might be compelled to use the last desper- ate and dismal device of evacuat- ing all their fighting men from the Korean peninsula and .'caving it to triumphant Communists. Troops to Be Shifted Indeed, a statement by General Omar Bradley, head of the joint chiefs of staff, left a suggestion that while at least one evacuation move in northeast Korea was im- minent the troops there might be shifted to help hold elsewhere on the peninsula. Bradley issued a formal state- ment last night after a senator had quoted him. as telling a con- gressional committee withdrawals of U. N. troops in recent days have put them in a position so that they could be evacuated from Korea if necessary. After seeing the published re- port, Bradley issued his own ver- sion. He said: "One report seems to indicate that I stated that a 'Dunkcrque' plan is set, and that the withdraw- als by United Nations troops have now made it possible to evacuate them if the defense line cannot be held in Korea. Any reference I made to evacuation was in con- nection with the hard-pressed troops in the extreme northeast sector which are now moving back to a concentration in a beachhead. Misleading Reports "Any reports other than this are misleading and merely specula- tion." It is common military practice to pull troops out from an impos- sible tactical position and land them elsewhere in the battle zone. It has happened on several occa- sions, in small scale, during the Korean war. Several senators told reporters that the information Bradley gave to the Senate foreign relations committee yesterday was more optimistic than that he had pre- sented at briefings over the week- end. While there was no elaboration on this reference to Bradley's op- timistic hints, elsewhere there was growing talk of establishing a hold- line or of being able to retain at least a few precarious toeholds around the big port cities like Pu- san and Inchon-Seoul. Defense of such areas would be enhanced by the presence of the large Allied naval fleet which could provide heavy and continu- ous gunfire barrage to augment air and land-based artillery for the limited beachheads.
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