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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Snow, Colder Tonight and Sunday Who Is Tops In Our Town? VOLUME 50, NO. 244 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 2, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Disrupt Courts, Communist Party Tells Members Textbook Contains Lesson In Attacking Jury System (Copyright, 1950, Winona Republican-Herald and New'York Herald Tribune, Inc.) By Fendall Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid FLAGRANT sabotage of the courts of the United States and inten- tional disruption of its entire judicial system are taught in minute tactical detail to rank-and-file Communists as a major weapon in their unrelenting offensive to destroy American institutions. The very "dignity" and the "sanctity" of the courts and the law itself are deliberately defiled in Communist minds wherever it serves their corrosive purposes. They are told to believe that the whole judicial establishment of the republic is nothing more than "a means "lof paralyzing the struggle of the workers against capitalist institutions." This seditious doctrine is in the words of the basic Co.T.munist textbook on judicial subversion, "Under a manual for membership in- GATES OF PYONGYANG Czechs Sentence Nine Churchmen CLERGYMEN CONVICTED OF TREASON Strange Confessions Puzzling to Outside World By William Oatis Prague, Czechoslovakia. struction written by the legal arm of the Romall- Catholic churchmen munist parcy. _ j a bishop and two ab- It contains a course of study that teaches nonco-operation with all law enforcement agencies on level; co-operation is denounced either by direction or omission. "The policeman is the servant of the boss class He is your the doctrine says. Stress Use of Fear All of the ingenious techniques of evasion and deviousness are in- grained, and the Communist is told how to "make the court your forum." The club that drives the doctrine home is heavy-handed fear. "The master class of America, calling to its aid the government and its various agencies and legislative and use every means within its power to beat down the rising tide of struggle and militancy of the workers, and by terror and oppres- sion seeks to crush is the explanation for the reason "Under Ar- was prepared. The sorry purpose of it all is to cripple legal machinery, discredit the courts and lawmakers in public eyes, and strip them of authority by subversive methods akin to those the re- cent New York trial of 11 Communist leaders. "Once and for the booklet says, "it is necessary to destroy the illusions that the workers have concerning courts and court procedures generally." With passage of the so-called McCarran bill, the subversive con- trol act of 1950, these disruptive tactics will assume increasing im- portance in the future as the new law is invoked. Reds Attack F.B.I. They are already taking effect in most insidious fashion. For example, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the primary federal in- vestigative agency on subversive activities, is being subjected to a stepped up campaign of vilification by rumor, by whispering cam- paigns, and through the publication of outright Communist literature some of it written under the guise of objective reporting. Numerous party directives have been issued on the subject. A re- cent msmorandum of the Illinois State Review Commission of the Com- smnist party said: "This governmental Gestapo represents one of the moit important agencies for the intimidation and persecution of all Americans who stand for peace and are opposed to Such a campaign, picked up and carried along as it is through many channels, threatens to undermine the foundations public re- gard for the F.E.I., and reduce its effectiveness in the battle against Communism. Within a few days of the publication on November 20 of a critical new book, "The Federal Bureau of by Max Lowenthal, the book and its material were discussed at Communist party meetings of top functionaries in New York, San Francisco and Chicago, during which plans were made for renewed attacks on the F.B.I. "Under the textbook for Communist hoodlumism in the face of the courts, was published by the International Labor Defense, former legal arm of the Communist party. The I.L.D. merged in 1946 with the Civil Rights Cot gress which has been cited as Communist by the attorney general. But the strategy and tactics of "Under still prevail. The booklet was used as recently as last October 21 at a meeting (Continued on Page 10, Column 2) RED SABOTAGE bots were convicted of espion- age and high treason today in an alleged Vatican plot to overthrow Czechoslovakia's Communist gov- ernment. The accused, who had joined the prosecution in condemning the Vat- I j Santa's Sleigh at Night Eau Claire, j stole Santa's sleigh Friday night. The big red cutter was left on a truck on a city street overnight following Saint Nick's appearance here under Chamber of Commerce sponsorship. It snowed during the night and today, police said, ihe sleigh was gone. Santa went on to a Marshfield, Wis., engagement without the fam- ous conveyance. Loss In Tavern Fire At Hurley, Wis: _.. _ i Hurley, Wis, W) Chief of Po- ican as a spy center for American Uc8 Leo Negrini escaped through capitalism, received sentences ranging from ten years to life im- prisonment. A seven-judge Prague state court meeting in gloomy Pankrac prison the life term on Benedic- Abbot Jan Opasek of Brevnov UNDER ARREIT! MTVftNATIONAL LABOR DEFENSE addition, the 37-year-oH cleric was fined crowns (about Suffragan Bishop Stanislav Zela, 57, vicar general of Olomouc arch- diocese, was sentenced to 25 years imprisonment and fined crowns. The court decreed a 20- year term and a crown fine for Premonstrate Abbot Stanislav Jarolimek, 50, of the Strahov mon- astery in Prague. flames Friday as a fire at Sloppy Joe's Tavern, apparently extin- guished, flared anew. The fire caused damage to the tavern premises and two adjoin- ing buildings on Hurley street, Fire Chief Nick Furyk said, witnesses said it started with an explosion in the chimney. Hurley and Ironwood, Mich., fire departments fought the blaze. The last truck left the scene about Jeeps, Trucks And Trailers of the U. S. Second division move slowly along a highway north of Pyongyang as they retreat before an overwhelming number of Chinese Communists rolling down from the Manchurian border of North Wirephoto to The Republican-Hersld.) p.m. Negrini smelled smoke as he The No Appeals nine defendants, seated at. The Cover from "Under the Communist manual, which an'party members are instructed to read, on what to do and what not to do when arrested and when in court is saown above. It tells workers that "the tortures" of the "third degree" may be applied, but warns -them to sign nothing, "no matter how innocent it ap- pears." It contains a passage from the Declaration of Independence, snd the suggestion that Communists use it to prove their "right to revolution." first with each sandwiched be- tween two Khaki-clad policemen, rose to hear their sentence. They faced the tribunal slightly bowed and gave no outward signs of emo- tion. The sentencing over, the convict- ed clerics were asked whether they planned to appeal. The nine con- ferred briefly with their attorneys. Then each defendant took the wit- ness stand to say that he accepted the judgment. All nine had co-operated with the prosecution. They confessed to the charges against them and declared their repenteace as- serting that the church, hierarchy had led them into antistate activ- ities. Bishop Zela told his judges that die trial had demonstrated to him the "espionage activity" of the Holy See. Abbot ppasek blamed his actions on "inciting directives" of the Vatican. He took occasion during his testimony to urge church leaders to work for the country. Made to Attack Capitalism Abbot Jarolimek drew applause from the audience in the high-ceil- inged court room yesterday when !he called capitalism "an anti- j Christ teaching." The prosecutors insisted that both treason and espionage counts had been proven against each de- fendant in the course of the six-day trial. They demanded severe pun- ishment though not, specifically, death. Defense lawyers conceded their clients' guilt but stresses extenu- j ating circumstances. The six other churchmen sen- tenced today were: Father Joseph Cihak, 70-year-old prelate archdeacon of the metro- politan chapter at St. Vitus cathe- dral in years and 150.000 crowns or one extra year in prison in lieu of the fine. Father Jaroslav Kulac, S3. head of the missionary Federation of Clergy 17 years and crowns. Father Antonin Mandl, 37, for- mer secretary of the Catholic Ac- tion group here 25 years and crowns. Monsignor Jan Boukal, 44, first secretary to Prague Archbishop Joseph Beran 18 years and 000 crowns. Father Vaclav Mrtvy, 43, Sales- ian priest 15 years and crowns. Father Otakar Svec, Pope's pre- late and metropolitan years and crowns. AH -nine men in addition were deprived of their citizens' rights for ten years. Confiscation of their property was decreed by the court, which stipulated however that impounded valuables not spe- cifically listed should be retsmed (for church purposes. walked past the tavern a few min- utes later. He put in a fire alarm and went up to the gutted second floor apartment to investigate. Smoke was coming from the walls. He said he opened a window to I take a hose line 'through, then turn- j ed and saw that the room was en-! veloped in flames. j The chief dashed through a blaz- ing doorway and groped down the smoke-fill.ed stairway. Both Hurley and Ironwood fire departments returned to the scene One truck remained of the blaze, until 3 a.m. ii Stassen Opposes A-Bombing China Cleveland Harold E. Stas- sen, president of the University of Pennsylvania .ind a noted Baptist layman, Friday said the atom bomb should not be dropped on China. But, he told a Protestant church gathering, it might be justified for use in getting American troops out of a North Korean trap, or if the Russians start World War III, 'It is my judgment, on moral grounds and on other grounds, that the United States should not carry an atomic war to the people in Stassen said in a prepared speech. The former Minnesota governor addressed the general assembly of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States. said Stassen, "MacAr- thur should attack opposing forces in North Korea by air and sea." Truman Picks Civil Defense Director Washington Without waiting for Congress to grease the wheels, President Truman has pressed the starter on civil defense machinery geared to go in the event of an attack on the United States. Just 24 hours after handing the lawmakers a plan to put civil de- fense under a single powerful administrator responsible only to himself, Mr. Truman yesterday issued an executive order which: 1. Set up a new federal civil defense administration 2. Named former Florida governor, Millard F. Caldwell, Jr., as its a year ad- ministrator. The President acted while law- makers maneuvered for control, of the bill he proposed Thursday to create an FCDA and give its ad- ministrator far more power than now is available. Mr. Truman's move was inter- preted in some informed quarters as an effort to get an independ- ent civil defense agency set up and staffed as a going concern to meet dny emergency pending con- gressional action. There was no im- mediate congressional comment. Uses World War II Law The President used a pre-World No Dratt taw Changes in'50 Chairman Vin- son (D.-Ga.) of the House armed services committee said today he saw no reason for any change in the draft law this year to speed up expansion of the armed forces. Norwood Man Killed In Crossing Crash Norwood, Minn. Jake Krauss, about 68, Norwood busi- nessman, was killed today in a grade crossing accident above five miles east of Norwood. Krauss' car and a Milwaukee Road passenger train collided on a county road crossing. He was the owner of Company. the Krauss Chemical Road Collision Near Eau Claire Kills One Eau Claire, Wis. Robert Hanson, 30, of St. Paul was killed today when his car and a semi- War II law to accomplish his ob- jectives. He first removed the present civil defense establish- ment from the National Security Resources Board. Then he set it up as a virtually independent agency in the Office for Emergen- cy Management in the executive office of the President. The OEM was established in 1940 under the first war powers act, primarily to provide a framework for establishment of various civilian war agencies within the ex Philip and Pstricia Peerless Chain Com- pany and employes 500.00 Archie and Charlotte McGill 2.00 Marlene clothing- ing. All the clothing is bought from Winona stores who give discounts to the organization. The school children who need clothing are selected by their teachers who have first-hand information on what the chil- dren need. They are sent in groups from each school, in- cluding parochial schools, to the Good Fellows headquar- ters where they are fitted with clothing. Each child receives clothes fit properly if clothing articles at hand at the .head- quarters do not fit, the child is taken to a store. All shoes and overshoes are fitted in the shoe stores. The first school groups will arrive at Good Fellows head- quarters Monday. Won't you help see that no Winona child has to face the winter with inadequate cloth- ing? Send or bring your con- tribution to THE GOOD. FEL- LOWS in care of The Republi- can-Herald. Allies Moving Noncombatants Out of City No Thought of Surrendering Without a Fight Reds swarm- ed forth tonight for an attack on Pyongyang: Allied rear echelon un- its and refugees streamed south out of the former Korean Commu- nist capital ahead the new Red wave. A spokesman said the Eighth ar- my, trying desperately to hold a defense line 30 miles to the north, "will not withdraw from any posi- tion or from anywhere until forced to do so by enemy action." If forced to do so, he added, "the Army will" destroy things of military value to the enemy. This military policy will apply if it becomes necessary to evacu- ate. .Pyongyang." Inside the city of popula- tion, Communist leaflets appeared proclaiming, "You shall be free from the enemy soon." Koreans in Pyongyang were ex- horted to "break down transporta- tion and communications systems, the trains and warehouses. Fifth Column Active Korean Allied sympathizers warned that a fiftti column had infiltrated Pyongyang. Rigid con- trols were set up at the city gates. Powerful Chinese columns from a force thrown into the Korean campaign were rolling southward in a thrust at the Allies' j exposed right flank. Red vanguards had thrust into Songchon but American foot troop- ers were fighting desperately to re- capture the town, and shore it up as the eastern anchor to the new Allied defense line. In north central Korea, the U.S. Tenth corps said Seventh division units trapped on the east side of Changjin reservoir "have fought their way back to Hagaru (Haksl- woo) with heavy losses of person- nel and equipment." Field dispatches did not say when-or how the Chinese had oc- cupied Songchon. Redi Reinforced Massive Red forces were moving down from the Manchurian border to swell'the mighty Communist bludgeon hammering the Eighth Army. General MacArthur said the Chi- nese had thrown a half million well armed troops into Korea, About half were arrayed against United Nations troops in battle and the other half were reported moving to the front. A state of undeclared war now exists between the Chinese Com- munists and the United Nations Berlin Guards Against Riots In City Voting By Daniel De B e r I j r. West Berlin's strongly armed police force went on a special alert today to guard against threatened Communist vio- lence in the city election beginning at midnight. Police Chief Johannes Stumm, with men under his com- mand, ordered motorized riot squads concentrated at key sta- tions in the Allied sectors, as West Berliners prepared to elect a mu- nicipal government for the next four years. Officials forecast scattered nui- sance demonstrations by small groups of Red agents. Police riot squads were ready to handle them with night sticks and, if necessary, tear gas and fire hoses. Thirty more Red agitators were arrested during the night, raising the week's haul to 240. Meanwhile, the Allies ordered their personnel to stay away from the polls tomorrow, or face stiff penalties American, British and French MacArthur said in a pub- officials agreed that the polls lie statement answering questions should be "off limits" to their peo- submitted by war correspondents, pie to demonstrate by the absence j Chinese generals were spending men lavishly to destroy the U. N. force before the issue of peace or total war is clarified completely. Besides the blows against Allied forces in the northwest, Chinese were massing in north central Ko- rea for a drive on the east coast. Its aim is to isolate U. N. troops in the northeast. With the Chinese buildup rolling swiftly, the Eighth army faced the prospect of finding itself outnum- bered soon six or seven divisions of Allied civilians or soldiers that West Berlin has a genuinely free election. They sought also to fore- stall any outcry by the eastern Communists that the Western vot- ers were being coerced. A special polling station in each of West Berlin's 12 districts will be open from midnight until 7 a.m. Sunday because the Communists are forcing nearly West Berliners to work an extra shift in eastern industries during the regular voting hours from 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. Sunday. Western officials also will pro- vide extra ballots to West Berlin- ers who have been ordered by their Red employers to hand over their ballots as proof they boycot- ted the polls. The East German Reds, with Russian support, are demanding that Berliners refuse to vote Sun- day, or be branded "followers of American war Since President Truman's dec- laration Friday, tht Communists have stepped up denunciation of the atom bomb election." This will be the first election in Berlin to be conducted entirely by the Germans under their own rules since the war. WEATHER Federal Forecast Winona and flur- ries and colder tonight and Sun- day. A low of 15 degrees ID the city and. 12 in the country is pre- dicted for tonight, with a high of 22 degrees Sunday. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 31; minimum, 16; noon, 31; precipitation, .30 (one inch of snow) sleet; sun sets to- night at sun risers tomorrow at to one. 40-Mile Retreat The winter-clad Chinese have rolled, back the U. N. troops 40 miles in the northwest and trap- ped Marines and doughboys in the Changjin reservoir area of north central Korea. New threats by swarming Com- munist forces were mounting hour- ly. They surged toward the right flank in the same tactic that ear- lier this week crushed MacArthur's "end-the-war" drive toward the Manchurian border and churned U. N. troops into a male- strom retreat on the northwest. STORES OPEN UNTIL 9 O'CLOCK TONIGHT FOR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING
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