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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1950, Winona, Minnesota No Important Temperature Changes Who Is Tops In Our Town? VOLUME 50, NO. 241 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 29, 1950 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Seaman Finds 'Instructions' In Sardine Can 33 Tiny Pamphlets Exposed; 'Molotov Cocktail' Tips Given ('Editor's note: This is the first of a series of ten startling articles telling of the threat of Red sabotage in the United States The next in the series will be pub- lished tomorrow.) By Fendall Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid (Copyright. 1950. Republican-Herald and New York Herald Tribune, Inc.l A merchant seaman's hunger aroused by ar, innocent looking sardine can recently brought to light the most insidious Communist weapon of subversion, violence and revolution ever to penetrate the borders of the United States. It happened aboard an American ship moored at a Philadelphia dock. The vessel was making ready for sea, and crewmen worked under orders to dispose of spoiled canned goods stored in the hold. Over the ship's side into the harbor they splashed case after case of tinned unaware that they were consigning to the deep cold- blooded evidence of a Communist conspiracy which holds deadly aim at the heart of the nation's internal security. But fortunately one of the sailors was seized by a sudden appetite for sardines and decided to find out whether some of the fish might not still be edible. As a result, the sinister secrets of a sardine can may now be publicly revealed for the first time. With the blade of his penknife, the hungry seaman cut into the lid of a tin, which he observed was soldered in a peculiar fashion. Inside terday, the committee sought the can nestled thirty-three tiny pamphlets. They were printed in j agreement today on a definition of KODENA BIBLIOnCA DEPOBTr Spanish, published in 1946 and 1947. wnat are "excess" profits. At is Acheson Talk On KWNO Washington Secretary of Achcson will speak te the nation at I p.m. tonight (C.S.T.) on thti crisis in Ko- rea. The State department an- nounced that the secretary's 30-minute address wilt be broadcast by the major net- works. Acheton will from his office in the State department. The talk may be heard local- ly over KWNO AM and FM at 8 p.m. Committee Evenly Divided On Surplus Tax By William F. Arbogast Washington A key portion of the administration's 000 excess profits tax proposal fac- ed the threat today of a House ways and means committee veto. Split 12 to 12 on a test vote yes- The first one bore on its cover sue is whether to exempt corpora- the innocuous title, "Reglamento j tkms from such a tax on their en- REGLAMENTO OFIOAJL del juego de Futbol Official del juego de Futbol" "Official Regulations of the Game of Football." But at the top of the first page, in capital letters, was a chapter summary. "Saba- tajes a lineas electricas de baja y alta tension." about "futbol. There was nothing The Cover of the Red sabo- tage manual purported to be a manual on rules for football. was imperfect, and they within the United States. Instead the miniature pamphlet concerned itself with instructions on sabotage "sabotage to low and high tension electrical lines; places of most practical effect. Transformers; most sensitive places; central electrical head- quarters; waterfalls, dikes, sluices and pipes." The seaman, "who could not read Spanish, took one of the cans merely as a souvenir. Out of curiosity he -left the remainder in two on a table to see who would claim them. But his surveillance subsequently disappeared somewhere tire average 1946-1949 earnings or only on the first 75 per cent of the average. The administration proposes to define excess profits as any earn- ings which exceed 75 per cent of the average of the best three years out of the four from 1946 through 1949. This initial three-fourths of the average would be taxed at present corporation income rates, ranging up to 45 per cent. Any profits above that would be taxed at the 75 per cent rate. Republicans on the ways and means committee generally don't want any excess profits tax law enacted. Instead, they favor a hike in existing corporate income rates and claim it will produce as much or more than President Truman's proposal. Yesterday's tie vote, slated for reconsideration today, demonstrat- ed that Republicans have picked up at least two Democratic votes on the committee. It is made up of 15 Democrats and ten Republi- cans. One Democrat was absent yesterday. Once it decides whether to give corporations full credit for their 1946-49 average income, or only 75 per cent, the committee must de- termine the rate of tax to impose on the excess. Should full credit be allowed, the rate of tax may be hiked to 85 per cent. The committee hopes to have a bill ready by the end of this week. Later, a United States Merchant Marine cadet aboard the ship came into possession of the souvenir can and its contents. He turned it over to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the existence and full meaning of the pamphlets became known.- Detailed study revealed the complete list of titles in the sardine-can sabotage library, known as the "Small Sport Collection." Beside the manual on which gave instructions for the Mbotage of electrical facilities and the manufacture and use of incen- diary bombs, there were similar booklets of "official regulations" on hockey boxing tennis ball and basketball Here were professional details on how to short circuit electrical lines to cripple an important plant; how to burn up vital transformers by tapping their oil supplies; how to make vicious delayed-action "Molotov cocktails" to wreak de- struction; how to place hidden de- tonating charges in the desk of "a citizen in whom we are interested in causing harm or how to mix sugar and common chem- icals into little hat-band bombs whose delayed action will shatter a victim's head: how to murder by stealth, ignite fires without being detected, batter a turbine into uselessness, cripple bottleneck ma- chinery with emery acid or ordinary gasoline; how to cut bridge trusses with home-made explosives, blow down telephone lines: in short, a complete catalog sabotage methods and techniques to blast the productive heart and war potential of a nation behind its lines. The hockey manual, published, like the others, by the "National Council of dealt with the manufacture and use of explo- sives and fuses. "Bcxco" gave additional data on fuses, explo- sives, caps and detonating devices. "Tennis" contained further material on construction of charges, bombs and incendiary .gre- nades. or game of ball, covered electric ignition sys- tems, the sabotage of batteries and dynamos, and the destruction of aviation pumps and guns. "Baloncesta" detailed the sabotage of telephone and telegraph lines, and blasting of central exchanges. j Besides the sabotage manuals, the sardine cans contained ideo-! Posslble changes might be asked logical directives, all similarly disguised. One of 'them, published by "Htrboristeria or Mod- por las plantas" literally trans- lated "25 cures by the plants." But immediately following its dummy title page was a frontis- piece of Stalin, and inside an ad- dress delivered by Stalin on Feb- ANTE LOS ELECTORES ruary 9, 1346, to the voters of his Moscow constituency. He report- Instructions on making and placing "Molotov Cocktails" were contained in the pamph- let. C U R 25 O Tydinqs Sees Broadening Of Draff Law Washington Senator Tyd- ings (D.Md.) said today it appears certain Congress will be asked to change the draft law so as to get more manpower into the armed services. Tydings, chairman of the Senate armed services committee, told that to a reporter after his com- mittee had discussed the Korean situation behind closed doors with Defense department officials. The present draft law and regu- lations make only men aged 19 to 26 liable for induction. Most vet- erans are exempt. Tydings gave no hint as to what Minister Denies Rumors He's Dead la ctrcunseripcroo cd on World War II, and outlined the causes of what he called "the Spring Valley, Minn. The Methodist minister here yesterday went Mark Twain one better by denying rumors of his death via loud-speaker system. brutal breakup of the equilibrium j Yesterday morning a neighbor within the world capitalistic sys-! woman, with tears in her eyes, as a result of which, he called at the home of the Rev. said, the world from time to time "is split into two enemy camps, and war begins between them." Harry Evans, about 55, to express sympathy to his family after hear- ing reports of his death. The One Of The Pamphiets con- tained a frontispiece on a speech by Premier Stalin of Russia. of world economy." Other Communist tracts and pamphlets included in the cans furnished an unmistakable ideological basis for the instructions of physical sabotage. Perhaps, he added, war could tears changed to shock when the be avoided by periodic redivision j Rev. Evans answered the door, of world markets "by mutual He discovered that a rumor had agreement." but such agreements, I spread all over town to the ef- Stalin said, are "impossible to'feet he had died. With machine- realize under the present capital- i age efficiency he went over to his During the tracing of the sardine-can papers, crewmen of the vessel related that one of their shipmates, an avowed Communist, had con- tinually tried to stir dissension between officers and crew members. Furthermore, it was learned that on the voyage immediately pre- ceding the one on which the sabotage booklets were discovered, he had held a meeting in Italy with two known Italian Communist party (Continued on Page 17, Column 1.) RED SABOTAGE istic conditions of the development church and broadcast via the loudspeaker system that the ru- mors "were exaggerated." All afternoon calls from relieved friends poured in prompting the Rev. Evans to say, "You never know how many friends you have until you're dead." Pastor of the Methodist church here for 16 years, he believes the rumors started when news of the death of a former pastor reached the community in somewhat gar- bled form. PRESTON MAN DIES IN JAIL OF SUFFOCATION Alf Engebretson, 23, Deputy Register Of Deeds, Victim Preston, Minn. (Special) Fillmore county's deputy register of deeds, 23-year-old Alf Engebret- son, died of suffocation from a mattress fire in a cell at the city jail here early today. His body was found lying on the floor near a water fountain shortly after 7 a. m. by Herman Drier, Preston resident. The fire had been extinguished, Drier said. i Engebretson had been picked up by Constable Robert Marzolf about a. m. for driving in a reckless manner and under the influence of liquor, according to Marzolf. Drier stopped at the fire station on his way home from work at the Preston light plant this morning, as was his habit. In Town Hall Basement The fire station is located in half of the basement of the town hall; the jail occupies the remain- ing space. Drier said he smelled smoke and ran around into the jail section to investigate. He discovered Enge- bretson's lifeless body by the foun- tain in his cell. A fire had burned much of the mattress, according to reports, but was out when Drier got there. Engebretson's coat was found on the mattress as though it had been used to extinguish the smouldering fire, officials said. No Inquest Planned County Coroner J. P. Nehring said that death was caused by suf- focation. He added that no inquest is planned. Engebretson's wife, working in St. Paul as a telephone operator in the postoffice there, was noti- fied at once. She was due to arrive in Rochester by plane this noon. Besides his wife, Engebretson is survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Anker Engebretson, south of Lanesboro, and a brother, Grant, near Lanesboro. He was born Feb- ruary 6, 1927. Last February Engebretson was appointed deputy register of deeds to replace Jack Peterson. Funeral arrangements are being handled by Heitner's of Preston. McCarthy Asks Unlimited Aid For Nationalists grave situ- ation in Korea means "We must give unlimited military assistance of American the Chinese Nationalist government of Chiang Senator Mc- Carthy declared Tues- day. McCarthy, bitter critic of the ad- ministration's handling of foreign policy, said he, too, is for using the atomic bomb against the Chin- ese Communists "if it could be used to reduce the number of Am- erican boys who are dying." Sev- eral senators, primarily Senator Brewster had come out in favor of permitting General McArthur to use the atomic bomb. Senator Wiley, Wisconsin's sen- ior Republican senator, said he re- gards the Korean developments as "tremendously threatening" and that this is the most serious mo- ment since the end of World War H. Wiley, one of the senators who met with Secretary of State Ache- son, said, "It has become appar- ent to all now what some of us had contended Stalin is pulling the strings in Korea." McCarthy also renewed his de- mand that Acheson "and the en- tire Yalta crowd" be ousted from the State department. Korean Situation 'Serious But Not Catastrophic' Washington An Army spokesman described the sit- uation in Korea today as "seri- ous but not catastrophic" and, striking a note of confidence, said the United States has fac- ed worse "and has come out of it." He made the statement in cautioning reporters at the Pentagon against "over pessi- mism." His assessment came atop earlier assurances to newsmen. that high defense officials be- lieve General Douglas Mac- Arthur has enough machines and firepower to prevent a military disaster. These officials said the Uni- ted Nations must decide, how- ever, whether MacArthur will be given sufficient men and the broadened authority he needs to destroy the Chinese Reds in Korea, Alii To les Bac scape T rap Boxes Indicate approximate areas where United Nations and Chinese Red troops are deployed along the battlefront in North Korea. Fourteen Red divisions are concentrated on the northwest front where enemy forces have forced Allies back across the Chongchon river and are pouring through gap in the U.N. line in the Tokchon 'area. Three Red Chinese divisions'" are in action in the Changjia reservoir sector. Four other Red Chinese divisions are in the northeast area of Korea. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) 60-Day Rent Control Law May Be Offered Washington Tru- man's appeal for a stop-gap ex- tension of the federal rent control law ran up against Increasing "let it die" sentiment in Congress to- day. Senator Maybank said, however, that the critical turn of the war in Korea, may help push through a brief continuance of the program. Federal rent controls expire De- cember 31 under the present law, except in communities which vote to keep them in effect for another six months. Mr. Truman has ask- ed for a 90-day extension at the current short session, pending a new study of the issue next year by the 82nd congress. Closed Meeting Called Maybank heads the Senate bank- ing committee, which arranged a closed meeting to get the views of key administration officials regard- ing a temporary extension. Sched- uled to testify were W. Stuart Sym- ington, chairman of the National Security Resources board; Alan Valentine, director of economic stabilization; and Tighe Woods, who as housing expediter is in charge of the rent program. In advance of that meeting, Sen- ator Tobay a member of the committee, said he had thought earlier he might go along with an extension but now is "in- clined to let the law die." He add- ed: "My observation is that the ma- jority of the committee seems to feel the same way about it." Bricker Opposes Bill Senators Bricker (R.-Ohio) and Flanders (R.-Vt.) also members of the committee, came out flatly against any extension. On the other hand, Maybank told a reporter he thinks the commit- tee will approve a short extension for 60 days. He said he expects the real battle to come on the Senate floor, with "plenty of opposition" there to a continuance.. Close to 700 communities have voted a six-month extension of the program, but about have not acted. Fergus Falls Vote School Bonds Fergus Falls, Fergus Falls today was assured of a new senior high school after voters at a special election yesterday ap- proved a bond issue. The vote on the securities was to 855. The new structure will go up on the so-called fairgrounds site, a 30-acre tract near the north- eastern outskirts of the city. Part of the funds will go for remodeling the present high school into a modern junior high school, anrl for building a four-room addi- tion to the Adams grade school. Congress Worried By Korean Crisis By Jack Bel! worried lawmakers called today for a quick United Nations showdown on the critical Korean war situation. Threats that four American divisions might be overwhelmed pro- a flood of proposals for dealing with the situation. Some sug- gested- use of the atomic bomb. Senator O'Mahoney (D.-Wyo.) told the Senate yesterday that the United States should serve Russia with an get Chinese Communist troops out of Korea. He said the Chinese Reds were the "agents" of Russian masters and failure to issue an ultimatum would condemn this country for lack of courage. Senator Taft (R.-Ohio) said on a broadcast last night that the dan- i ger of a new world war is great- er now than it was two weeks ago but he still hopeful it can be avoided. Mobilization Urged Taft said the policies of Presi- dent Truman and Secretary of State Acheson have "got us into a mess" and he doesn't think they know what to do about it. He add- ed that he can't tell them. He said he does not think the point has I been reached where the atomic bomb should be used. Another Republican, Senator Hendrickson of New Jersey, said in a statement that it is time for the nation to "stop fiddling around and get prepared to face an all-out mobilization." Chairman Connally (D.-Texas) (Continued on Pago 16, Column 5) CONGRESS Fire Destroys Laona School Laona, Wis. UB The Laona grade school was gutted by a rag- ing fire today and volunteer fire- men were reported waging "a losing battle" to keep the flames from spreading to the adjoining high school. All grade students were evacu- ated.before the fire spread to class- rooms, but many were hustled out into 20 degree cold without outer clothing. Cause of the blaze was not de- termined at once. Observers said, however, it apparently started in the cafeteria and spread rapidly through the two-story brick build- ing. Be a Good Fellow Previously Listed The Grandchildren 25.00 Mrs. Charles Bieianz 5.00 Mrs. F. S. James 2.00 'Light Comment' Karen and Kay Krieger Clothing and Friend from Alma Cloth- ing. Washington What did General Douglas MacArthur mean in his homt-by-Christmat remark last week? Nothing more than a light comment that expressed every- body's hope the Korean fight- ing would end soon, MacArthur said in a message received at the Pentagon. U.N. Assault Avoided Trap, Walker Says U. 5. Eighth Army Headquarters, Korea Lieutenant General Walter H. Walker said in a state- ment tonight "The assault launch- ed by the Eighth army five days ago probably saved our forces from a trap which might well have de- stroyed them." The Eighth army chief returned from Tokyo where he and Major General Almond, com- mander of the Tenth corps, were summoned Tuesday night for an urgent conference with General MacArthur. MacArthur made a statement similar to Walker's in a special communique yesterday. General Walker's statement said: "Had we waited passively in place, the Chinese troops thrown against my lines would have increased within a short time to double that strength. From beyond the Yalu (river) they would have undoubtedly brought the 000 additional Chinese troops known to be assembled there. "The timing of our attack to de- velop the situation was indeed most fortunate." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Thursday with no important change in tempera- ture. Low tonight 20 in city, 16 in country. High Thursday 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 33; minimum, 21; noon, 27; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 3. Troops Cross Chongchon in North Korea 24th Division Holding Escape Corridor Open By The Associated Press Seoul Two American di- visions escaped south across the icy Chongchon river in northwest Korea today but Chinese Reds swarming through a wide gap threatened to trap a big Allied force. The Chinese offensive mass of more than men was report- ed using tanks for the first time. A spokesman at advanced U. 8. Eighth army headquarters said one Communist column had cut within 30 miles of the former Red Korean capital at Pyongyang. He said the Red force was near Sinchang northeast of the old cap- ital but did hot disclose its size. At least three other Red Chi- nese columns were reported rolling down through the Tokchon gap in wide sweeps against the Allied' ex- posed right flank. This was where Communist at- tacks earlier had crumpled three South Korean divisions. Chinese Attacking Another Chinese force was re- ported attacking for the first time on the extreme left flank, but the spokesman did not give the loca- tion. A Chinese breakthrough in force to. the Yellow Sea would seal off large elements of the force fighting for its life in the northwest. The Chinese Red attack was mounted by or more troops with more pouring in steadily from Manchuria. The spokesman said six Chinese armies now have been identified in Korea. Elements of one Chinese army known to have been in cen- tral China a week ago, he said, were attacking the Eighth northern front. The first observed Chinese Red tanks were reported across the Chongchon, rumbling from the west on Kunu, eastern anchor of the shrunken Allied line. Kunu was the escape gate through j which U. S. 25th and Second di- vision troops poured after crossing the Chongchon. The Reds were at- tacking from three sides. Kunu's fate was in doubt. Escape Guarded The U. S. 24th division last was reported in the Pakchon area north of the Chongchon, guarding an es- cape route over the Anju river bridge on the far west or left side of the Allied line, But the Eight army spokesman said no enemy contact was made Wednesday in the 24th division sec- tor. This seemed to indicate that the "large enemy forces" reported hit- ting the extreme left flank might already be across the Chongchon somewhere near the Yellow Sea. The spokesman described the sit- uation along the Chongchon line as "extremely fluid" and "very ob- scure." He said the Allies were trying to stabilize their lines against a con- certed enemy attack. Allied warplanes, grounded Wed- nesday morning by bad weather, roared over' the front throughout the afternoon in close support of desperate ground troops. But a heavy smoke haze over the eatern flank hampered air ac- tivity. The spokesman said the Chinese may have set fires to conceal their movements. Roads leading south from the shrunken front were jammed with refugees. Allied convoys rolled down clogged highways. Trucks, (Continued on Page 4} KOREA
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