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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1950, Winona, Minnesota                              Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Rain Sunday You Will Meet New Corona Type Monday VOLUME SO, NO. 221 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER TWENTY PAGES Million Chinese Massed at Border; Two Divisions Fighting In Korea Full-Scale Intervention in Korea Indicated by China Propaganda By Fred Hampson Hone Kong The Chi- nese Communists have opened the floodgates of propaganda and the ensuing roar sounds as if they intend fullscale in- tervention In Korea. Already the growing evi- dence that the Chinese have entered the Korean war to a limited extent is Causing un- easiness in non-Communist areas of this part of Asia. The feeling in this British crown colony on the edge of Red China is that the world is only a narrow step away from a third great war. And such a war would bring the heavy force of Communist arms to bear against such small, non-Communist holdout areas as this. The prevailing opinion here still is that the Chinese Com- munists have only a limited objective in mind in Korea. Most observers believe the Chinese Reds are worried about the Yalu river power grid. This supplies electricity to much of Manchuria's indus- tries. Another explanation is that the Chinese Communists simply want to establish a buf- fer zone between Manchuria and Korea. Manchuria is the main industrial area in which the Chinese Communists say they intend to build a modern China. They always have been hypersensitive about Manchu- ria. On the other hand, the new outbreak of propaganda with its overtones of intervention sounds ominous. Tlie Pelplng radio says it has received "thousands of let- ters" from writers "anxious to join their Korean neighbors in annihilating the aggressive American hordes" in Korea. Some Communist newspap- ers devoted more than half their front pages to such ex- pressions purportedly coming from the people. They carry such language as this: "The war in Korea has ceased to be a Korean prob- lem, for American Imperial- ism in reality lias stepped in- to the shoes of Japanese Im- perialism. We cannot reason with a man-eating tiger. We have every reason to unite against the aggressors." Observers recognize this as a Communist effort to condi- tion their people for war. And they believe it sounds more like full-scale rather than lim- ited intervention. If the fateful step is taken, what will be the reason? The power or buffer explanations seem inadequate for such a momentous decision. Observers frankly admit they cannot think of any ex- planation unless it is that the Chinese Communists are so completely under Moscow's thumb that they are taking an order from Russia that will mean China's ruin. Explanations lie deeply hid- den behind the iron and bam- boo curtains. But just now It looks to observers as if the Chinese Communists are do- ing the bidding of Moscow far more wholeheartedly than any- one out here ever expected. TODAY- Truman Farm, Health Plans Build Up Ire By Stewart Alsop New York President Truman's Fair Deal is not a real issue any- where In the Middle West. By de'f- Inition, an issue requires disagree- ment. And In the Middle West, there is no disagreement about the Fair Deal. Everybody is against It. In the area of domestic policy, there are just two ideas for which the Truman administration is sole- ly responsible. These are the Bran- nan plan for agriculture, and the Ewing plan for health. Everything else in the Truman program is es- sentially a warmed-over item from Franklin D. Roosevelt's capacious New Deal icebox. Thus the Bran- nan and Ewlnp plans tire the Fair Deal. And in the Middle West, the Fair Deal has no defenders at all. It's Coming Monday New Corona Type Free of Ink Traps The Corona will become the new body type in The Republican-Herald starting free of "ink traps." French Forces Retreat Again In Indo-China Communist Troops Within 45 Miles Of Hanoi Base By Seymour Topping Saigon, Indo-China .roops began a new retreat today, this time from positions in the foot- hills 45 miles southwest of Hanoi. Official reports said the small French post of Vubanh and a whole string of outposts and guard towers were being evacuated. The withdrawal represented a new retrenchment of defense lines around Hanoi, North Indo-China metropolis and key center of the: Red river delta. I Others Fall Back Since September the French have been carrying out a series of retreats from frontier forts fac- ing Red China, north of Hanoi. The French force of fleeing Laokay, isolated northwest fron tier fort which was the latest to be abandoned in the north, reach- ed Chapa today. That post is 20 miles southwest of Laokay. The French troops falling back from the Vubanh region were re- Palen Studio photo Two Automobiles Ended Up Facing Each Other across highway 44 on the outskirts of Caledonia, Minn., Friclay night after they collided. Four persons were hospitalized as a result of the crash. The car on the right was driven by Linus Ernster, Caledonia area farmer, while the one on the left was driven by Willard Loftsgaarden, Spring Grove, Mrs, Ernster was the most seriously injured. Mrs. Linus Ernster Injured in Collision By Al Olson Caledonia, persons are in a hospital here today, one of ;hem in serious condition, as the result of a two-car collision on highway Early Murder Trial Indicated For Assassin 44 just at the north edge of Caledonia Friday night. Mrs. Linus Ernster, widely-known 4-H club adult leader in this area, Imquishing their last major the most seriously injured in the crash between her husband's tions southwest of the Day river, j car and one driven by wmftrd Lofts- Da7 river, running fromigaarden? 20, of Spring: Grove, northwest to southeast, traces a. she suffered a dislocated left hip, course about 12 miles west of fracture of both bones in noi through Phuly, 35 miles south of Hanoi. Line of Outposts Ink traps are those places in a type design where ink may collect French nave a Iine of out ____n-ji.: J olAnry tVtc. tVic and cause blotting on the printed page. Designers of Corona overcame this problem by opening up the white space in and around each letter. The Corona letter "a" shown here as superimposed upon the same letter of another type, illustrates the open char- acteristics of Corona's design. The white space within the loop of the letter "a" is enlarged in the Corona design. Ink is less apt to collect in the larger loop than in a smaller loop. The bell terminating the top stroke of the letter is smaller, and the white space between the bell and the loop is In- creased to eliminate that ink trap. The tall of the letter is reduced decidedly, I posts along the river to defend the Red river delta from the south. A French military spokesman' said the garrison which abandon- ed Laokay Wednesday and Thurs- day had to fight at one point on the retreat. Ho Chi minh's Com- munist-led Vietminh bands attack- ed the rearguard at Camduong, eight miles south of Laokay. Laokay was the seventh fort Alexander, Famed Hurler, jaw, cut chin and other body bruises.IpQUH0 her right leg, cuts and bruises. Mr. Ernster was not injured. Loftsgaarden suffered a fractured Riding with him were his cousin, John Loftsgaarden and the latter's wife, Janice. John suffered scalp lacerations and a bad cut above the right eye, while Mrs. Lofstgaarden was cut on the right temple and chin, Accident at Y The accident occurred at p. m. yesterday at the "Y" where a By Karl Bauman Washington An early mur- der trial, possibly in February, ap- peared in prospect today for Os- car Collazo, Puerto Rican gunman wounded Weoiiesday in the wild and bloody attempt to kill Presi- dent Truman. Federal investigators said they Isaw no need to delay the trial for St. Paul, Neb. Groverimany monthf to permit the check- VTI uiuvti and fechectang Qf ajj ijiuumjiy nave ouu.uuu uoops ae- Alexander, one-time star particularly the question of wheth- ployed along the Korean-Manchu- U. N. Forces Form New Lines After Setback Weather Hampers American Air Support for Troops BULLETIN Eighth Army Headquarters, Korea An American spokesman of the Korean mili- tary advisory group said to- night that the South Korean army estimated six Chinese Communist divisions have en- tered Korea to oppose the Allies. The spokesman said the South Korean army estimated at least Chinese Communist sol- diers already were committed to the Korean war. By The Associated Press Seoul Allied forces forged a firm line today against Chinese and Korean Communist resistance a line that stood unbroken in he face of renewed Bed attacks. A U. S. Eighth Army spokesman ia'd "the equivalent of" at least rwo Chinese divisions are battling United Nations forces In northwest Korea. On the Korean east coast, U. S. Marines still were in trouble. A Marine spokesman said a third and full-Chinese Commu- nist division was identified in that sector, around the Changjln reser- voir. Previously two Chinese Regi- ments were Identified officially In the area. Eyes on China But the victory that had seemed so simple last month had changed complexion. One high-ranking Eighth Army officer said the Reds probably have troops de- by the French in the last seven weeks. Their frontier defense has now been shrank to a 100-mile line anchored at Moncay on the Gulf Of Tonkin. thus eliminating the ink trap between With prench defenses drawn it and the heavy vertical stroke of theiback to east-west roads about 25 letter. 'miles north of Hanoi to defend the is printed, It Is folded together with other pages, cut and conveyed from the press. To accomplish fast drying of ink. a coarse-fibered paper, called "news- is used. It absorbs ink rapidly and speeds up drying. Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight with rising tempera- Nevertheless, the ink printed Lowest tonight in city 30, 26 types whose strokes are close country. Sunday cloudy and igeiher may run as it is absorbed wlth rain ln late after' jthe newsprint. By opening up Highest for_ day 52. i loops and strokes in Corona, design-i LOCAL WEATHER jers have reduced that tendency. I Official observations for the In addition to eliminating ink Incurs ending at 12 m. today: j I traps, the designers of Corona en- Maximum, 42: minimum, 26; lhanced its beauty with a variety of !noon' 38: precipitation, trace of1 Interactive thick and thin strokes !snow: sun sets tonight at jbut the thin strokes remain thicklrises tomorrow at jenouch to withstand the abuse of modern newspaper printing meth- ,'OtiS. Take one example. When this reporter arrived In Indi- ana, he found Democratic faces still white and Demo- cratic hands still It seems that President Tru- man's Social Security Admin- istrator, Oscar Ewinc, sponsor ot the health plan. Is Hooslcr by origin. Ewlnc had let it be known that he plan- ned descend on his native state, to "help" Alexander Campbell, Democratic candi- date for the Senate. He had finally heen persuaded to stay as far as possible from Indi- ana, but in Democratic cir- cles the shock of this threat- ened murder of all Mr. Camp- brll's political hopes had not yet worn off. Or take another example. The scene Is n club in Chicago. Harry' By designing a news tj-pe that is Truman's Senate majority lender, larger and bolder, highly readable Scott Lucas, :s making n attractive, free from blotting poisrn speech. He devotes the first anti capable of withstanding the two-thirds of his beating of printing pro- his tpnc is more in sorrow than cesses. Corona typographers havei in to rr.nkint: it "clear' produced the most readable type that he is de-id set against for modern linotype ma- the Eu'incr and Brannan plans, in chines, brief, the Fnir Deal majority lead-; or is spending much of his time campaigning ngninsi the Fnir Deal. Or look nt Iowa. Iowa was i. .posed to be the great testing UUUI ground for the Brannnn plan. Dem- r rv- ocratlc Senatorial candidate Albert rdC6 LMVOrCcS Loveland, former under secretary of agriculture, in Iowa Miami, suits for prepared to base his campaign divorce were filed in Miami yester-l squarely on support for the brain- by a man who said hisi child of his former chief. But wanted to stay at home and recent weeks he has been running: the other by a woman who said from the Brannnn plan just as her husband wouldn't take her out. fast as his nimble less will carry! Ford Reed that Nora him. In short, the Truman admin-: refused to go out with him and pre-i istration's only two original ideas ferred to stay home and knit near- on domestic policy have proved Iy all night. Then when she did go resounding flops. And the reason'to bed shc made ..such a fuss and is obvious. The Brannan sh disturbed he Ewing plans might be exceedintr-isajd ly powerful vote getters in a de- Modern, high-speed printing methods require that a quality ofi populous and rice-producing Red paper which absorbs ink rapidly be used, for only seconds after a delta, the initiative for the WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST next move in Indo-China's simmer- ing war was up to the Moscow- backed rebels. The vietminh now can attempt an assault on Hanoi from either the north or south. According to reports filed by the major league baseball pitcher, was found dead, this afternoon in his room here. California Cowboy Leads National Rodeo San Francisco Gene Ram- state highway patrol and shandon, Calif., cowboy, kept Beryl Kerrigan, Ernster and hisjup hls pace for top wife were> driving tne nation at jal rodeo in the cow palace today, with first place in the second go- around of the steer wrestling corn- Second Crash Fatal 24 Racine, Wis. Paul Mihel, '2, was injured fatally Friday night donia on highway 44. The Loftsgaarden, car was headeS towards La Crosse, also on 44. Ernster reportedly attempted to make a left turn off the-highway and onto the old road into Cale- donia. Just then the Loftsgaarden vehicle came over the hill and the two machines crashed. er Collazo. and a slain companion had accomplices. U. S. District Attorney George Morris Fay said the case may be presented to the grand jury next week. Preliminary arraignment has been set for November 21. Fay said he expects to move for an early trial as well as a quick indictment. A trial in Feb- ruary was regarded as probable. Collazo, a Puerto Rican Nation- alist, faces a possible death sen- tence for the slaying of White House Policeman Leslie Coffelt. lollazo and a companion, Griesel- petition with a time of 5.4 seconds. their Lawson Fore, Inglewood, Calif., was second. Third go-around, saddle bronc jriding: Tibbs, Fort Pierre, 1 W All live passengers were taken S. P.; Barry, Eureka, Calif, Stay-at-Home, boom- America. In the have no political relevance soever. Thus the Fair Deal, as1 bDe sald In the Fred M." Belisle home the emboded in the Ewing and Braa- wife, Marian. ner divorce that coin (Continued on PaRc IS, Column l.jjgo heri ALSOP {stupid, Mrs. Belisle asserted. I was hit bv a car at the same inter- to the Caledonia hospital, but Mr. Ernster was released. He suffered only a bump on the forehead. Ernsters were cowing Into Cale- donia to work with ir.embers of the Champion Racers 4-H club, of which they are both adult leaders. They, had material in their car to be by an on the display for 4-H week. New Route Used Month It was the first accident at the "Y" since traffic began using the new route about a month ago. Residents of this community, how- ary Truman residence. Torresola was slain in a furious gun battle with White House po- licemen and Secret Service agents including Coffelt. Showdown on China Participation Delayed Washington By Edward E. Bomar General Douglas MacArthur may have been e een advised from Washington to avoid a showdown over Chinese inter- ever, today expressed fear that there ivention in North Korea until the Communists' intentions become u may be more unless something is While official concern is mounting over the reported Chinese The "Y" was created when a new wait for the dangerous situation to section of highway 44 was built develop further before any open rian border; The spokesman said the Reds may have or more troops within "committing dis- meaning they could strike from their present locations. However, Intelligence officers said there still was no determina- tion about whether Red China had sent regular divisions Into Korea. As yet, they said, there is no "pattern of proof." In the most crucial area, at Un- san and Kunu inland from the west coast, General MacArthur's head- quarters said the entire withdraw- al strategy is "almost complete." The situation there appeared, on the basis of field dispatches, to be stabilized. In northwest Korea, half of a trapped regiment of the U. S. First cavalry division escaped to the new U. N. defense lint from a trap sprung Thursday by the Ko- rean Reds. The Reds were aided by Chinese Communist troops. Northeast Front the northeast front, the American Marine Seventh regi- ment ran into trouble on a drive northwest of Sudong, 20 miles north of the east coast industrial city of Hamhung, The Marines are driving toward the Changjin res- ervoir, one of two power dams serving both North Korea and southern Manchuria. The weather continued bad for administration inclination last fall and this spring to go around Caledonia's business district. The old entrance into town curves to the left while the new road goes challenge to the Peiping regime. Responsible authorities indicated today that this waiting attitude has been made plain in exchanges of straight as traffic moves south on. view with Mac Arthur's headquar- the highway. Both roads go and has been reflected in the nese intervention. and [close fighter support. I Marine planes were supplying slight hills. vl v.uu i 1AJ UiJC At, A j ________ Icautious course United NationsL Army Pace was yes- Traffic leaving Caledonia on the forces have followed since the first! by newsmen in Little Rock, d road stops at the "Y" inter- signs of intervention. _, thl5 u- s- would do if section with highway 44. There are! An A.P. dispatch from the bat- On the basis of precedence battalions of U.S. leather- would call for a prompt U. N. de- mand that the Chinese withdraw, and would raise the prospect of an explosive new crisis. Secretary Solid lation to Red strength (open arrows) on the North Korean battle- front U. S. Marines advanced past Budong .against stiff resistance in a drive toward the Changjin reservoir. Heaviest Red pressure was in the area south of Red-held Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) no other stop signs. Highway patrolmen were report- edly near the intersection just about the time the accident occurred, so that the investigation was made quickly, and the two wrecked cars i were removed, allowing highway 44 'traffic to pass. Hukbalahaps Killed Philippines arjny spokesman said today 22 Commun- ist-led Hukbalahaps were killed In four separate engagements. Tractor Upset Fatal Nortnfield, Minn. Burkholder, 67, was killed yesterday in the overturning of his tractor as he picked corn in a field near his Forest township farm. Funeral ser- vices have been set tentatively for Wednesday. tlefront today said flatly that Chi- nese Communists had cut off two U. S. Marine battalions in North- east Korea. More Facts Needed What the State department anfl Pentagon want to pin down un- mistakably is whether the Chinese Communists have embarked on large scale intervention at the risk of setting off a new world war, or (2) Engaged In a Soviet-style ad venture in power politics which could be short lived or turn Into protracted border fighting. Should evidence become inescap- able that entire Chinese divisions or other large units have been moved across the border from Manchuria, the next step would be up to the U. N. Reporters were told yesterday by State department press officer, Michael J. McDsnriott that Mac- Arthur would have the responsibil- ity of reporting to the U. N. any definite finding of full-scale CM- Chinese Communists entered the Korean war In force. He answer- ed that he was not in possession of the facts and that "circum- stances would have to determine" this country's course Reassure Chinese One tentative move to keep the Chinese on the sidelines already has been taken up with Tokyo. This was the proposal to reassure the Communists that the U. N. forces will safeguard the big hy- dro-electric power dams and plants near the border and will! continue in force existing arrange- ments by which much of the power flows into Chinese Manchuria. Such reassurance could be given in a statement by MacArthur or indirectly through Indian or other diplomatic channels to The proposal was reported to have been suggested to MacArthur about two weeks ago. To date there has been no indication that such assurances have reached Chinese. necks cut off on their drive to the power dam in the northeast. The Marines were extended. One bat- talion was encircled just west of Wonsan, where the Marines land- ed last week. Other units were strung out more than 100 miles from the Sudong area to a point 30 miles south of Wonsan. On the northwest front, at least half of the U. 8. First cavalry di- vision's Eighth regiment had es- caped from a trap sprung Thurs- day near Unsan. A U. S. Eighth Array spokesman said there was reason to believe that the others would make it safely south. There was no further word of another unit of the First about half a battalion was trapped west of Unsan in the heavy Communist counterthrust. U. S. Rescuing BOKg The D. S. First cavalry had gone to the rescue of the badly-mauled Republic of Korea (ROK) Sixth division, which plunged spear- heads last week all the way to the Manchurian border. The Red counterattack, in and around Onjong, cut the ROK Sixth division into pieces. The division's Seventh regiment, which lunged beyond Chosan to reach the Yalu river boundary, was cut off and retreated southward. MAKE PLANS NOW TO VOTE IN TUESDAYS ELECTION   

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