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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Sunday, Cooler VOLUME 50, NO. 215 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 28, 1950 Football Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM FOURTEEN PAGES Men to Trai nmg U. N. Army Slowed Down Near Borden Reds Battle to Keep Toehold in Korea Seoul Tank-led Red Koreans showed to a walk today the United Nations juggernaut grinding toward the Manchurian border in northwest Korea. The Communists were fighting with reborn fury. Reports persisted that their ranks were bolstered by Chinese Beds wearing North Korean uniforms. On the ncrtheast coast, South Koreans drove into the port, of Songjin, 75 miles southeast of the border. TODAY- HeavyVote Expected In Indiana By Stewart Alsop Indianapolis There is a my istery here in Indiana. The same mystery is puzzling political sooth savers elsewhere in the Middle West, especially in Ohio and Uli nois. For all the available evidenc suggests that the voting here, in this off-year election, will be high er than in the Presidential yea 1948. This is deeply mysterious simply because it flies flat in the face of all precedent. No one knows who these people are who failed to vote in 1948 and who are apparently eager to vote now. But i: is perfectly obvious that the candidate who gets their votes will win this election. A 3d it is interesting that both the Re- publican incumbent, Senator Horn er Capehart, and his Democratic rival, Assistant Attorney General Alexander Campbell, agree on one point. They clearly agree that, in this most Middle Western of Mid- dle Western states, the foreign pol- icy issue will decide the election. Senator Capehart Is relying on his own rather special ver- sion of post-war diplomatic his- tory to win re-election. This re- porter heard Senator Capehart, a paunchy man with a round face -which looks rather like an angry bun, expound this version before a large audience in the high school auditorium of Logansport, a farming cen- ter in northern Indiana. The Capehart history starts with the Yalta conisreilce. All reference to the parts played at Yalta by Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin is omitted. Even Franklin Roose velt is assigned a minor and rath- er pathetic role as the ailing ant bemuddled assistant of the centra" figure. This is, of course, Alger Hiss, who lavishly bestows on the Soviet Union all sorts of favors. Hiss then fades out of the picture, but "somebody" takes over his role. Occasionally this "somebody" appears to be Lee Pressman or Owen Lattlmore or even a Lattimore-controlled Dean Acheson. More often he is name- less. But whoever he is, "some- body knew what he was doing, and that something was not in the best interests of the United States." This dark history of treachery and conspiracy has already led to 000 casualties of American boys in Korea." It will lead in the end to the "Truman radicals getting the around our with the drait, taxes, controls, inflation and finally socialism. Capehart recited this sorry history jvith every evidence of conviction, and his audience of friendly people re- sponded with genuine enthusi- asm, applauding loudly when- ever the Capehart stage man- ager signaled them to do BO. If these people, and people like them, account for the pro- spective unprecedented o f f- year vote, then Campbell Is fin- ished. Campbell evidently fears this, for he is now concentrat- ing almost all his fire on the part played hy Capehart him- self in the history of post-war American foreign policy. Campbell descended on Indiana loudly trumpeting his lock-stock- and-barrel support for "Harry Tru- man's dynamic program." He Was clearly relying on the equation "the Fair Deal prosperity" to win him the election. It is signi- ficant that ever since his cam- paign began he has been busily backing away from large segments of the Fair Deal. This backing and filling has de- lighted the Republicans. For ex- ample, Campbell first announced his support for Truman's veto of the anti-Communist bill. Appar- ently horrified by the reaction, he hastily reversed himself a few days later. He has similarly back- ed away from those portions of "Harry Truman's dynamic pro- gram" embodied in the Brannan plan and the Ewing health plan, both of which are pure political poison in Indiana. Campbell rather gingerly favors Taft-Kartley repeal he must do so, or lose his ab- solutely essential labor sup- (Conliaued on Page 3, Column 7) ALSOP But more than 150 miles to the south, near liberated Wonsan, 4, 000 bypassed Korean Reds battled D. S. Marines. They ambushed one leatherneck company and cut li to pieces. and well-organized Rec opposition appeared in northwesl Korea, A Red -convoy of 50 ve- hicles was reported sighted 1! miles south of the frontier town of Kanggye. A spokesman at General Mac- Arthur's headquarters in Tokyo said intelligence sources could neither confirm nor deny presence of Chinese Commi.-nist troops in North Korea. He said the situa- tion was not considered alarming Intelligence officers expressed general belief that the "Chinese' would prove to be Manchurian- born Koreans, possibly trained in Ihinese armies, American, British common- wealth and South Korean forces c-UDd it hard going in northwest Zorea along a 35-mile front ex- ending from Kasan to Onjong mints 45 to 55 miles from the danchurian frontier. Far to the north of Onjong, a egimeat of the South Korean ixth division reached the Yalu iver boundary Thursday but had o pull back because the Reds cut is supply road. The British commonwealth 27th rigade, operating just ahead of he U. S. 24th division's Fifth regi- ment, was forced to halt near Ka- an. Two miles west of the town, he British came under fire of ank-supported Reds dug in on lills on both sides of the road. Fifth air force fighter-bombers and bazooka teams knocked out probiems. 250 Million Grant Urged To Philippines Sweeping Island Reforms Condition Of U. S. Offer Washington The United States proposed today a 000 five-year economic aid pro- gram for the Philippines provided j the island republic makes sweep- ing reforms in its government. The proposal was sent by Pres- ident Truman to Philippine Presi- dent Elpidio Quirino in Manila. Details of the plan for dealing with an economic crisis were laid down in the long-secret report of a special survey mission headed by Daniel W. Bell, a former un- der secretary of the treasury. It was made public today both here and in Manila. On the basis of its two-month Fires Secretary Manila President El- pidio Quirino today fired his personal secretary for taking too much liberty with the pre- sidential stationery, But it c.'idn't hurt Secretary Federico Mangahas much. He had two jobs. One didn't pay a dime. He lost the one that didn't pay a dime. The payless one carried the title of acting director of the Philippine information council. His other job, personal secre- tary to Qnirino which pays a year, was not dis- turbed. on-the-spot survey last summer, Bell's mission said bluntly that the Philippine government had failed to deal effectively with its postwar ,en Red tanks and two self-pro- pelled guns, a U. S. First Army ;orps spokesman reported. Southeast of Kasan at Anju, en- ;ineers repaired a bridge across :he Chongchon river for a buildup of British commonwealth and American forces, A.P. Correspond- ent William Jorden said the U. S. First corps expected the border push up a road leading to the frontier city of Sinuiju would gath- er speed shortly. General Warns Defense Ready Los Angeles Straight talk from an Air Force general who says Western are ready: "For the first time in our history, the United States is within range of and in danger of attack. Now, for the first time, we know some- thing of the feeling of insecurity that tht people of other nations have known for generations. We must realize that the peads and se- curity and the lush living we have known are not God-given rights or inherited privileges, but rewards to be worked for and fought for and to be won." Brigadier General William M. Morgan, vice-commander of the Western Air Defense force, said that last night at an armed forces dinner. "Inefficiency and even corrup tion in the government service are the mission report d, Report In submitting the re- port, Mr. Truman told Quirino that there must be a definite un- derstanding on reform measures to be undertaken by his govern' ment before the recommendations are submitted to Congress. The mission outlined a detailed seven-point program based large- ly on Filipino self-help. It provid ed for tight U. S. supervision over the spending of the proposed in loans and grants. This supervision would be under an American technical mission sent to assist the Filipinos in car- rying out measures for industrial and agricultural development, fis- cal controls, public administration, U.N. Theme Wins First Prize In College Parade Featuring IS floats and ten bands, the Teachers college's colorful homecoming parade took over downtown Winona lor an hour this morning. Eight out-of-town high school bands were augmented by the col- lege and Winona Senior High units. Participants included Spring Grove, Alma, Cochrane, Galesville, Lanes- boro, Byron, Hayfield and Mabel- Harmony. First prize in the float contest went to the International Relations club entry which carried a United] Nations flag, a motto: It's Up to You, and comely Leni Hofknecht, student from Germany. Judges awarded second Winona T. C.'s Homecoming parade attracted quite a crowd this morning. This photo was taken looking east on Third street as the Science club entry which won a special prize in the humor division went by on Center street. Veteran parade-goers called the college project one of the snappiest in recent years. Republican-Herald photo Factory Making Jet Engine Blades Burns Battle Creek, million-dollar flash fire last night des- troyed a factory making jet plane engine blades, dealing a blow to Western Army Job May Go To Eisenhower America's defense program. were Eighteen of the 65 workers in the factory and one volunteer i'ireman e hurt. Seven still were hospitalized today. None was reported in Association for Childhood to the Educa- tion whose float was based on the 'Did Woman Who Lived in a Taird wens to the Shepard hall dormitory's Hawaiian entry. A special award was won by the Science club's humorous entry showing a fallen Mankato T.C. grid- der being examined with a stetho- scope. U.S Treasury Checks Seized n Kong bringing in worth of U. S. treasury pension checks. were fined a total of less than S29 serious condition. The plant, owned by the Eaton Manufacturing Company was swept by flames in astonishing speed. Firemen said apparently a feed line carrying inflammable fluid broke and sprayed on red hot jet blades and a nearby gas furnace. The gas exploded. Flames shot a hundred feet into the air as the half-block-long, one- jstory brick building became an in- ferno in a matter of seconds. Eaton officials said the building itself was worth about and machinery, some of it govern- would cost at least that i much to replace. I Hopes of salvaging any equipment .jhg building's roof col- pension checks, made out lapsed and only the walls remained standing. The fire, starting shortly before U. S. The to Filipino world war and dependents were from Manila on an air lines plane. A hundred firemen and smployes veterans 8 p. m., swept along the oil-soaked brought i woodblock floor, The court denied the request of the prosecution that the checks be returned to the Central Bank of the Philippines. It ruled they must remain a part of the court's ex- v n n.- T j- T j- hibits for ten days and the three New Delhi, India India and a labor and social program. ambassador to Feiprng today con- welfare firmed reports that Chinese army units have been ordered to advance Officials here said there Tibet, but added he has no defendants could claim them thereafter. (Philippines authorities have has been a firm pledge of co-oper-i confirmation any troops actually! -rh-mp ntinn frnm the Philinnine eovem-ihave entered the countv. a eovern- scneme, investigating what -they is a be- ment. Five Quirino Men Made Survey asked for the survey, which was made by a five-man group. Under present plans the Economic Co-operation adminis- tration (EGA) is expected to dis- patch the technical advisory mis- sion. It is making a study to de- termine whether the aid funds can be supplied without asking Con- gress for an appropriation. The Bell group urged steep tax increases, declaring that to bal- ance outgo with income the Phil- have entered the county, a govern- ment spokesman said. This was the first word from Ambassador K. M. Pannikar, since reports of the invasion order cir- culated. The spokesman added that no re- ply has been received from Peip- ing to the Indian note yesterday strict ex- S Experts Agree Force Needed By Jack Bell Washington The possibil- ity that General Dwight D. Eisen- hower may be called to command the North Atlantic xJefense forces cast some new doubt today about Sought Yearly to Maintain Adequate Defense Ey Edwin B. Haakinson Washington Government manpower experts said today that most young men from 18 through 22 during the next five to ten yenrs probably wil! have to spend two or three years in military service. This, they consider the most ac- ceptable way of meeting President Truman's request for a armed force on a permanent basis. Requested legislation carrying some details of the plan is expected to reach Congress either at the post- election session next month or the new session early next year. Con- gressional committee staffs already are studying the problem. Without trying to forecast what the lawmakers will do, top man- power experts, who asked to re- main anonymous, told a reporter that these moves must take place: 1. The present draft or selec- tive service act must .be over- hauled on a long range basis with minimum terms of service for inductees extended from the i present 21 months to at least 24 months. 2. Some power or authority must be established to assure .a flow of slightly more than 000 young men a year into the regular armed forces. 3. A universal military train- ing (UMT) program also must be set up OB a long range basis to provide a large pool ol young men with basic training who later can be organized Into reserve units. Top military leaders have advised civilian and congressional planners fought the blaze more than an hour before bringing it under control. Eaton is under government con- tract to produce the blades, used in the engines of jet planes. A singlejif "he'is" re-elected he" will'try to engine requires to blades, swing the New York state dele- his political future. Eisenhower arrived last night for scheduled talks today with Presi- dent Truman and Secretary of the Army Pace. Many in Washington think these may be preliminary to the general's selection to head the Western European military defense setup. The tacit understanding has-been that if Eisenhower accepts such an assignment, he will agree to don his uniform again for only a year to get the defense forces organized. That could leave the way open for a return to civilian pursuits, such as his presidency of Columbia uni- versity, in the presidential-picking year of 1952. Will Take Orders But Eisenhower told reporters In Charleston, W, Va., yesterday that :ie, as a soldier, "will do as I am told to do." Eisenhower has made several disavowals of his suggested candi- dacy but nowhere has he said flat- ly thai he would not accept a ma- jor party nomination in 1952 if it were offered to him. Recently when Governor Thomas that the various steps could be en- 1 acted separately. But they have suggested an overall approach, as the best, solution. World Responsibility Here is the background and rea- soning that resulted in these sug- gestions: The United States has accepted the responsibility of world leader- ship against Communism. The Korean war and related ex- pansion of national defense now has created a tight squeeze on available nanpower with no letup in sight. The goal is more than twice the size of the armed forces at the low point after World War n and about above the top strength during the Korean fighting. Military officials said the ,otal probably must include about persons who make a per- manent career of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines and about who serve regular terms of two or three years and then move into a reserve. Needed Yearly In order to supply these ioth for the immediate future and over the next several years, it pro- )ably will be necessary to take or more each year for at E. Dewey of New York said that Ieast' two years of service. Officials said resumption of work would repend on how fast the ma- chinery can be replaced. There is buildings to continue production. Most of the injured were over- change controls. They believe op- come by smoke. Some suffered cuts erators paid check holders a pre-iand bruises escaping the blaze. A mium, then sold them at even few were burned, larger premiums to persons who wanted to get their money out of the Philippines. The ultimate buy- er then could take the pension checks outside the Philippines and gation to Eisenhower at the next Republican national convention, the general politely refrained from adequate space in other company slamming the door on such a pos- the invasion order. Referring to Lake Success ports that India would cease efforts to win Red China a place in the United Nations, the spokesman said the government policy would ippine government must boost its "naturally have to be reviewed in revenues by 60 per cent. light of latest developments." General George Marshall, standing, U. S. secretary of defense, addresses the North Atlantic treaty organization leaders at Washington, D. C., this morning. Left to right at the conference table, facing the camera, are: Lieutenant Colonel Fernando dos Santos Costa of Portugal, General Sir William Slim and Emanuel Shinwell of Great Britain; Marshall; Colonel E. V. G. A. de Greer and Lieutenant General Kadle of Belgium, Brooke Claxton and Lieutenant General Charles Foulkes of P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) 'are stamped "payable only at the (National City bank in Manila." The h checks in the Hong Kong case ap- parently were issued before that Flying Cloud- Loads Cargo for Red China Philadelphia Cargo for Communist China is being loaded aboard the freighter Flying Cloud here after being- cleared by the U. S. Department of Commerce. Acting Chairman Herbert R. O'Conor (D.-Md.) of the Senate I commerce subcommittee had charged in Washington Thursday that an American merchant ship Cloud was picking up war goods for delivery to the Chi- nese Reds, and asked customs of- ficials to investigate. Prep Students Aid Halloween Patrols Liberty, Mo. Mayor L, D. Williams yesterday swore ia 40 Liberty high school boys as depu- ty city policemen to patrol the town from now through Hallo- ween. High School Superintendent Ray- mond R. Brock and Principal J. E. Paluska came up with the idea to reduce vandalism. The town has awakened to some expensive tricks the past couple of Hallo- weens. sibility. He reiterated that his pre- sent post gives him ample oppor- tunity for public service but he didn't ask the governor not to back him at the convention. Exiled Siamese General Offers to Fight Reds Bone Kong, Ten months in exile have left Thai- land's former strong man, General Kach Songgram, homesick and pining for three of his four wives. He has the fourth, a fine Cambodian beauty, with him. The 50-year-old general once ruled Thai's army with a mail- ed fist. He was commander- in-chief. But last January he was hus- tled out of the country, un- ceremoniously. His old friend, Premier P. Pibulsonggram, suspected him of plotting a coup. Stern-faced General Kach has a bad ear. It looks as if it might have been chewed in a fight. It was not too notice- able when he was well groom- ed. But today, In his destitute life, it is sort of reminder of the many fights he has had for his coun- try, his politics and his Siamese way of life. Once he -lived in a fine pal- ace, Suan Kularb, in Bangkok. Today he lives in a three-room flat. Three bolts bar the entrance to his secret Kowloon district home. To see him one must pass scrutiny through a peep- hole. He leaves the flat only for short daily walks. Each is down a different path. Assas- sination is an old Oriental cus- tom. Only wife No. 4 is with him. All his other relatives, his three other wives and 11 chil- dren, are in Thailand. And there is where Kach's heart and thoughts are. In halting English General Kach speaks only of returning to Thailand and resuming his military life. To hear him talk one would never suspect there were any differences between him and Pibulsonggram, the man Kach made premier in 1947 with a brilliant coup. General Kach has lost none of his soldierly bearing. His personal bravery has never been doubted. He is firmly anti-Communist. The general has asked his government for permission to fight in Korea with Siamese troops, n that is not granted, he'd like some soldierly job for Thailand, perhaps some- where with the United Nations. Kach is one of the last re- maining Siamese who engi- neered the overthrow of the absolute monarchy 20 years ago. He has faced shot and shell for Fibulsonggram. This will require revision and ex- tension of the present selective service act and broad authority to fit available manpower into the spots where it is most needed, both military and civilian. The UMT program would pro- vide basic training for all the services while gradually building up a large reserve, a traditional part of U. S. military strength. However, both military and con- gressional veterans feel they will have a difficult task selling this program, first to the public and then to the Congress, especially since the Korean fighting appears nearing an end. Road Building Funds Available in West Washington Nearly S21.000- 000 provided by Congress for west- ern road building is still available for new projects. As of September 30, that was the balance of the western states' share of the that be- came available for the nation-wide road building program last July 1. A recapitulation of the federal- aid highway construction program as of September 30, issued by the Public Roads bureau, shows miles of road under construction in the 11 western states. Plans are approved for 557 miles and miles have been programmed but not yet placed under contract. B WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Sunday. Somewhat cooler tonight, low 45. -Continued mild Sunday, high 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 72; minimum, 47; noon, 69; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 3.
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