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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 26, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight and Friday Football Friday Night on KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 213 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 26, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES T rum an Call Congress Back Marine Elements of the Tenth corps are shown landtag on tne sandy beaches flanking Wonsan air strip, on the east coast of North Korea, shortly after dawn. Their landing was delayed six days by a heavy concentration of minefields. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Soviet Opposition To Lie Laid to Pet Stalin Peeve By Stanley Johnson Lake Nations headquarters today buzzed with reports that a quarrel in the Kremlin between Prime Minister Stalin! and Trygve Lie led to Russia's vetoing of the bluff Norwegian as U.N. secretary-general. Lie spent a week in Moscow last May during a swing around the world's great capitals trying to sell a ten-point peace plan designed to Economic Boom May Curtail Farm Surpluses solve East-West differences. His trip was widely denounced in the United States as toadying to the Russians. Exactly what happened when Lie met Stalin in the fastness of the Kremlin has been a closely guard- ed secret for more than five months. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Jacob A. Malik, however, let some of it out last night. He told a. closed meeting of the security gathered to try Albert 5. Goss, National Grange Master, Dead New S. GOSS, 68, master of the National Grange, collapsed and died last night short- ly alter addressing the 19th annual Herald-Tribune forum. Goss, in his address, had pledged the aid of farmers to the national mobilization program with a proviso that reasonable prices be assured them. A native of Rochester, N. V., the 'arm organization leader lived in Washington, D. C., where he had appeared at many hearings to pres-; ent Grange views on national farm policy. He was a frequent visitor at the Wiwhington The economic boom being cr-ated by the defense i program may give Uncle a and agree on a new secretary gen- eral, that Lie had declined to adopt some amendments, suggested by program may give Uncle a stalin and Deputy Premier V. M chance to unload a goodly portion M j t t the e plan. of his surplus stocks of butter, cheese, dried milk and other perish- able foods. Such an opportunity was foreseen today by the Bureau of Agricul- tural Economics in a industry report predicting a greater con- sumer demand for these products I At the present time, the Agrl- culture department owns about worth of surplus dairy products bought a producer price support program. Stating that national spending will increase consumer buying power, the Economies bu- reau said it is likely that demand for butter and cheese may exceed next year's production. Under such The disclosures of Stalin's differ- White House during both the for its top place. Roosevfilt and Truman administra- tions. Educated in Portland, Ore., Goss began his career as a bookkeeper in 1901 and later was connected with cereal and flour milling firms. American Urged For Western Army Command Eisenhower Plans Talks in Washington By Max Boyd key U. S. of- ROKs Save Landing Force at Wonsan Retreating Reds Had Prepared Death Trap By Stan Swinton Wonsan, Korea A lightning ground advance by South Korean troops faster than United Na- predicted that North pact military men will recommend Ibious operation from running into a that an American be appointed without delay as supreme com- mander of a combined Western Eu- ropean defense force. This action was forecast as the North Atlantic military committee resumed the momentous imple- mentation session begun Tuesday. There was fresh speculation in advance of the meeting that Gen- eral Dwight D. Eisenhower may become the supreme commander. The Columbia university president, supreme Allied commander in Eu- rope during World War II, told re- porters at Indianapolis- yesterday that he was coming to Washington within a few days to talk with De- fense department officials. He said he did not know what the depart- ment wanted, but added: "I'm happy and pleased, of course, that the people of Eu- rope have suggested me to head their defense army." Immediate appointment of a full- fledged commander would achieve :entralized command one of the goals set up by the North Atlantic council of foreign ministers in Sep- tember without an interim pe_- riod under a chief of staff with more limited The proposed supreme command- er would have a chief of staff to assist him. His staff, designed to knit the combined force together and direct its operations in case Western Europe is attacked, would Hclutie representatives of the 12 North Atlantic treaty nations. Speculation has developed that Major General Lyman L. Lemnit- IKC, retiring chief of foreign arms aid in the Defense department, is slated for a position on the staff of the combined force, although not Another issue on which the com- mittee had yet to agree finally in- volved the size and the timing of contributions to be made by Atlantic pact nations toward the 30 to 40 divisions, the increased air power and the naval forces officially He became actively interested In necessary to defend Grange in 1922-1925. In 1933, Presi- dent Roosevelt named Goss a land bank commissioner of ences with Lie came as the secur- Washington State ity council was deadlocked overi---------- voting him another term. Malik said the Moscow incident! was just one reason for opposing the American-backed Lie. He said the others were Lie's support of U. N. action in Korea and endorse- ment of the North Atlantic pact. A U. N. official denied that Lie had endorsed the North Atlantic mentary supplies to satisfy custom- ers. alliance but had merely stated that such regional agreements were le- gal under the tf. N. charter so long as they acknowledged the su- premacy of the world peace orga- nization. U. S. Representative Warren R. Austin said the U. S. insisted on vindicate his support of the Korean war. Austin implied he would use the Farm a post he Credit administration, held until 1940. He became chairman of the ex- ecutive committee of the National Grange In 1924 and later became master. His fifth two-year term as master would have expired Novem- ber 26, 1951. In Washington it was learned that Henry Sherwood of Pine Plains, N, Y., will become acting head of the Grange until a master is selected at the Grange's na- tional convention opening in Min- neapolis November 15. Western Europe. Buyer Crushed Under Potatoes Mountain, Wis. Gust Sa- leskl. 42, Pound, was crushed to death Wednesday night under a truckload of potatoes when the vehicle overturned on a curve. that the demand for fluid milk and cream will increase next year, re- flecting the prospect that consum- ers' will have more to spend for food than this year. Increased purchases of fluid milk and cream would force a change in the pattern of milk utilization. Less milk would go into such products as butter, cheese and ,lk8lvjthe American veto for the Wrprk If any other candidate retK dried milk. As a consequence. butter and cessfully opposed the incumbent. The council finally decided to tell) the veto-free general assembly it but Malik served! Red Troop Train Honff A dispatch Communist China said to- Iday a Red troop train was am- Aus'tm Seated he thought .derailed and looted by council try. cheese surpluses would tend to dis- appear. The bureau predicted somewhat Russians would have trouble find- ing still another candidate after two Soviet-endorsed men Carlos P. Romulo ol the Philippines and death trap. Today that force, spearheaded by the U. S. First Ma- rine division, began prosaic land- ings at Wonsan, more than 100 miles behind those still advancing South Koreans. It now can be revealed that only a military miracle prevented what might have been the blackest page in U. S. military history. The Marinas and tough U. S. Seventh infantry division doughboys were to have stormed ashore on October 20. The miracle happened when the South Korean Third division, in a breath-taking advance which strategists believed impossible, captured Wonsan on Oc-' tober 3, Find Peath Trap Those troops immediately discov- ered that Wonsan was a death trap set by the Beds, who had anticipat- ed landings from the sea. An estimated floating mines guarded the sea approaches. A shifting sandbar would have strand- ed the assault boats offshore. On the beaches was an elaborate net- work of trenches. In front of these were barbed wire fields. General MacArthur, Bear Admir- al James H. Doyle, commander of the amphibious operation, and Vice Admiral Arthur D. Struble, XT. S. Seventh fleet commander, de- cided On the Wonsan. Invasion at a Tokyo conference. They realized it was a calculated risk. But American officers now con- cede the landing place was select- ed on the basis of inadequate and incorrect intelligence. The task force was at sea before the full threat of the death trap could be appreciated. And why did an estimated amphibious operation pro- ceed.with Wonsan already in South Korean hands on embarkation day? "History got ahead of said Marine Major General O. P. Smith. Major General Edward M. Al- mond, commander of-the Tenth Ar-j my corps, gave a fuller explana- tion. He said it was too late to. choose another landing N. needed military might-'fipnortheast Korea for strategic reasons. And mountain roads to Wonsan from the Actress Marilyn Maxwell, on tour With Comedian Bob Hope in the Far East, autographs the cast on the leg of Corporal Walter Heaney of Brooklyn, N. Y., during an appearance at Memorial hall in Tokyo. Heaney's buddies look on. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publioan-Herald.) South Korean Unit At Manchuria Line west made land movements iinpos border tonight. General Smith sa; "our amphibious equiprnfent' not made for long overland" trips' (Continued on Page 17, Column 5) KOREA Amusement Building Curb Ordered by NPA Washington The National .that the barred construction "is of Production authoritj' today banned a type which does not further the gorge near Kukong, the Canton-1 Hankow line. The independent newspaper Wan the building of any new structures for "amusement, recreational or entertainment purposes." The order, effective at midnight tonight, was issued to conserve ma- defense effort, either directly or in- directly and does not increase the nation's productive capacity." Charles A. Malik of Lebanon Kiu Yat Po said the train was car were defeated yesterday. Two oth- au of mgher prices for milk ana dairy, rf Lujs PadiUa Nervo of Mex. products next year. But advances _ withdrew at the last mo- for these foods are not likely to be mejlt as great as in the case of some _ other foods, particularly meats.! When consumers have extra money! to spend for food, they tend to use! more of it for meat than other j items. The bureau said it expects some Midwestern dairymen to change over to production of meat animals, particularly hogs, next year. Itj looks as if hogs will offer bettor financial returns in that section of rving soldiers of the Red rourth field army to the north. Forty tram guards were report- ed killed by the guerrillas, who fled after an hour-long fight. terials for armaments. Covered by the ban are theaters of all kinds, amusement parks, race tracks, golf courses, night clubs, skating rinks and summer camps. In all, there are 44 for- bidden, types of structures. N. P. A. Administrator William H. Harrison, said in a statement Persons who start other buildings which do not further the defense the winding Yalu. drive even though not on the The report that Red prohibited list run the risk of troops had entered the Lottery Issues to Be Put Before Massachusetts Voters November 7 being barred from completion of I came from ROK army headquar- the building, Harrison said. jters, which attributed it to a Chi- Such construction begun afterjnese Communist prisoner, nidnight may be halted "e v e ni Chinese Prisoner A South Korean spokesman re- ported the Chinese prisoner said three Chinese Red Ifattalions striking elements of the South rean Sixth division east of On- midnight may though its commencement at the present time is not forbidden by this the production chief three Chinese Red Ifattalions were well as private buildings. Allocation Orders The N.P.A, simultaneously issued two more orders settling the de- fense yoke more firmly on the eco- the country than milk. Midwestern dairymen must depend largely on butter and cheese ucts which bring lower returns than fluid milk and cream. Stassen Raps China Bid for U.N. Seat Philadelphia President Truman is "getting ready to em- brace the Chinese Communist dic- tator, Mao by permit- ting Red China's admission to the United Nations, says' Harold E. Stassen.' "If this is Stassen said in a radio speech last night, "the valiant fighting and great sacri- fice in Korea will have been in vain The gain to the Communists of obtaining another veto seat in the United Nations will be far greater than their loss In Korea." By Cornelius F. Hurley Boston Massachusetts voters ballot next month on the question of going into the. gambling business with a state lottery. The question comes up by initiative petition for a lottery to help finance old age assist- ance. If it passes, Massachusetts would be the only state in the union with an official state lottery. The initiative filed under a constitutional provision which gives the people the right to initiate laws was sponsored by the Massachusetts Society for Old Age Pensions. The society has a second ini- tiative on the same November 7 ballot to fix minimum OAA payments at a month, to make aliens eligible, and to re- lieve children of legal responsi- bility to support their parents. It also would reduce the eligible age from 65 to 63. If the lottery law only a handful of the dozens of initiatives which have been voted on in the last 30 years have been defeated the state will be reaching back more than 100 years. It was in 1811 that the last public lottery was authorized to raise for public im- provements in the town of Ply- mouth. That lottery ran nine years. It paid out in prizes. And it raised for the improvements, Massachusetts voted lotteries out in 1833. Pennsylvania ban- ned them the same year, and New York banned them the following year. Louisiana ran them as late as 1892. The question is so touchy that the Massachusetts legislature ducked a vote on the issue in its last session. Old age assistance is costing Massachusetts about this year. There are more than persons on the rolls. Passage of the law enlarging the pay- ments would jump the cost, it has been estimated, to 000. Norman MacDonald, execu- tive director of state taxpayers association, has pointed out that raising for old age assistancex would mean that every man, woman and child in the state would have to buy worth of tickets a year. The program calls for half the revenue to go out in prizes, 15 .per cent for the blind and for aid children, and the 'remainder to the old age assistance fund. By The Associated Press Allied spearhead reached Red China's Manchurian Rent Control, Prof its Tax Action Sought G.O.P. Blasts Special Session As Election Trick President Tru- man said today he is considering calling Congress into special ses- sion in advance of November 27. Mr. Truman told a news con- ference that if he decides on a special call to Congress he will issue it when his decision is reach- ed, regardless of whether it is be- fore the election or after it. When Congres quit last Sep- tember, it took a recess until No- vember 27. Word that Mr. Truman might call it back sooner had circulated in Washington even before the President's news conference. Some Republicans took the view that any call issued before the election on November 7 could only be regard- ed as a political move. An Associated Press reporter igot the report of a possible call from two different sources in a position to know about White House moves. Rent Control Action These sources said a tightening and extension of rent controls was Jie main item of an emergency program of legislation which Mr. Truman was working on, At his news conference, Mr. Tru- man mentioned rent controls, ex- cess profits taxes and statehood for Hawaii and Alaska as impor- tant legislation for Congress. If Congress does not come back to work until November 27, he commented, it would have only two, or two and one-half, weeks of working time. The present Con- gress goes out of office with the new year and the new to be elected November 7 will take over. Mr. Truman said he had discuss- ed with one or two of the congres- sional leaders, particularly with Vice-President Bsrkley, the ques- tion of calling a" special session to convene a week or ten days before November 27. He said that there would be further discussion with others be- fore a decision was made. Mr. Truman did not mention military manpower but that was reported to be a legislative sub- ject also under consideration in connection with the possible call for an earlier session. Political Move Senator Brewster one of the few G.O.P. spokesmen available here, told a reporter he had not heard of the plan. He added: 'It would be an obvious political "js. South Korean patrols raced unopposed to the south bank of the Yalu river, in the centsr of the uneasy frontier between North Korea and Manchuria. They were the first U.N. troops to complete the long thrust up the mountainous peninsula. Other elements of the same Republic of Korea (ROK) reported under attack by Chinese Communists some 50 miles to the south. There was no high Allied confirmation, however. On the east coast, the U. S. Marine First c'jvision spearheaded! a landing force at cap- tured Wonsan port. The Korean Military Advisory Group reported that the honor of being the first U. N. force to reach the boundary fell to the Seventh regi- ment of the ROK Sixth division. The division, kicking off from Kojang 18 miles south of the bor- der, entered Chosan at p.m. a.m., C.S.T.) and sent pa- trols three miles further north to Chinese fighting specified. The order applies to federal, state UlltCl. IfV iGVAGltH, and city recreational projects as of nomy: 1. The steel industry was directed! to furnish steel for the production! not specify the attackers were ongyang, the United Nations cap- tured Red Korean capital. The spokesman said a ROK field commander near Onjong bad re- ported his unit was almcst sur-l rounded and called for CaD3D 6 The field commander did move and would indicate the des- perate attitude of the Dernocratic administration on what the voters ilan to do. It would confirm our reports that most voters are dis- satisfied with the Democratic ad- ministration." Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Democratic leader, said in Chi- cago he had not heard of any plan to recall Congress early. So did Senator Myers of Pennsylvania, the assistant leader. Senator McKellar President pro tempore of the Sen- ate who was a White House caller yesterday, said the president did not mention any such plan. A Democratic proposal to tight- en federal rent controls would be expected to have popular political appeal. The present rent control law will end December 31 except where cities or other local governments 2 Mayo Doctors Win Nobel Prize Stockholm, Sweden Two Mayo Clinic doctors and a Swiss were named joint winners of the 1950 Nobel prize in medicint; to- night for work on two hormones____ ____ promising relief to millions of suf- take positive action to extend it ferers from rheumatoid arthritis, until next June 30. To date only ferers from rheumatoid The winners are Dr. Philip S. Hench and Dr. Edward C. Kendall, both of the Mayo Clinic at Roches- ter, Minn., and Dr. Tadeusz Reich- stein, professor of chemistry at the about 200 of the rent control areas have taken this action. Other legislation reported under White House discussion includes: Subversive Act Revision of the existing draft act to provide a broader manpower and University of Basel, Switzerland. I military training program. Military All three are credited with contend this is necessary if intributions toward discovery and the armed services are to be ex- contributions use of the new hormone, cortisone. This is produced by the adrenal cor- tex a cap-like gland on the kid- neys which scientists believe may panded to and maintained at the level. Just yesterday Mr. Truman asked National Guard of- ficials of the states in convention of at least freight cars a month. This will take upwards of tons montly from the civili- an supply. The car-lwilding program is of six-months' duration, but the man- datory allocation order covers only the first quarter of 1951. This will permit car builders to place orders at once, with steel deliveries be- ginning in January. Freight cars could begin rolling out of the shops in February or March. 2. Other allocation programs of the same type were made possible by an N.P.A. amendment to its steel distribution order. This will permit allocations of steel, simi- lar to the freight car plan, for steel deliveries to the petroleum and raining industries, i'arm machinery makers, and other 'defense-support- ing industries. Chinese. Informed sources at U. S. Eighth Army headquarters told A.P. Cor- respondent Leif Erickson the Chi- (Continued on Page 13, Column 3) BORDER Navy Won't Call Reserve Airmen Washington The Navy has stopped calling up Reserve avia- tion officers because it already has more applying for duty than it can use. This policy, a Navy spokesman said today, will be followed unless there is a new, all-out emergency. The Navy has on file more than enough requests for active duty by air crew officers than will be hold the key to many life processes. nere to throw their support behind universal military training tion. Quick action on an additional boost in federal taxes above the tax hike already on the books. The House ways and means committee now plans to start hearings on an excess profits :evy on corporations on November 15. Modification of the new antisub- The ban on construction does in the "reasonable affect building already under way.'the spokesman told a reporter. Of A-Bombing Land on Carrier the first time, big planes capable of carry- ing atom bombs have landed on an aircraft carrier at sea. In announcing this today, the Navy identified the planes as the AJ-1 attack Somber. It weighs more than 17 tons and has a speed hi excess of 350 miles an hour. Both the AJ-1 and the Neptune P2V long range patrol bomber pre- viously have taken off from car- riers. Thus, the latest develop- ment considerably widens the pos- sibility of delivering A-bombs from carriers to distant targets. A squadron of unloaded AJ-ls made separate landings on the car- rier coral sea off the Virginia capes during recent exercises. (Continued on Paje 13, Column 2.) TRUMAN WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity able clouoUness tonight and Friday, Low tonight 48, high Friday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 62; minimum, 33; noon 55; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 17.
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