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Winona Republican Herald: Monday, October 9, 1950 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 9, 1950, Winona, Minnesota                              Fair, Warmer Tonight; Cloudy Tuesday Football Friday KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 198 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, OCTOBER TWENTY PAGES TODAY- Reds Lost Big Chance At Pusan By Joseph Alsop j war reports, which] are now coming to an have lieen mainly concerned wlthj the Korean fighting as it has ap- peared from the company or bat- talion level. In this moment of In- cipient triumph, however, the re- markable contribution of the Amer- ican commanders ought also to be recognized. It is hard to imagine two more different men than Douglas Mac- Arthur and Walton H. Walker the one so grandiloquent, so given to rather old fashioned drama in his public ways and manners, and the other so short, bustling and in all ways unpretentious. But these an Dead in Accident Legion Asks Russia Be Told Aggression Will Bring A-Bombs two generals, with their oddly con- trasting hints of Edwin Booth and Committee Slaps Acheson, Praises Work of Johnson Los Angeles The 32nd an- nual national convention of the American Legion was asked by the joint architects of victory. The first phase was MacAr- thur's. IVo one at home and very few people here can real- ize how near the North Kore- ans were to victory, or what daring it required for I its executive committee today to j recommend use of the atom bombj, I against Russia in the event of I further aggression anywhere. "This is the crucial moment in I our the committee said in i asking for aid "to any and all Flag Pole Sitter Looking for Job Akron, Ohio Zan Norman, the new holder of thej world's flag pole sitting record, to- day started looking around for a new Job. The automobile racer came off MacArthur Set To Enforce Full Surrender Just Treatment For All Communist Forces Promised aarinr n requirea lor 7- j _ thur to recommend committing 'fees o freedom that K11 oin American infantry in a seem- ingly hopeless cause. On the day when the North Koreans breached the Han river line, the South Korean forces were utterly disorganized. There was literally nothing, to prevent the enemy from send- ing a mechanized column of armor and infantry straight southwards to Pusan, By gam- bling 50 tanks, 290 truclis and men, he might have tak- en the all important South Ko- rean port in 4S hours. In Japan, meanwhile, all was un- ready, and by a tragic accident the "division nearest to the ports the one with the least com- bat training, the 24th. Yet without hesitation, MacArthur began fly- Ing the 24th division into Korea. Only two companies had reached their position when the first shock of contact occurred. When they found even this handful of Ameri- can troops in. the line, the North Korean commanders wasted ten days bringing up men. By then, General MacArthur had! with us and the United Nations in I the destruction of evil forces." I Calling for an "ever active arm- led force." the executive commit- recommended the "sponsoring by the American delegate to the United Nations a resolution that further aggression tn any part of the world by Soviet Russia will meet the full force of retaliation by the United Nations police au- thority, including, if necessary, the release of atomic weapons on So-j vlet Russia." j The committee also called for) the occupation of all Korea by thej U.N. under the command of Gen- eral MacArthur; nonrecognition by the United States of Red China ;j continued defense Formosa; aid to the Philippine government against Communist aggressors; the record of 119 days set by T, J. Ward of Savannah, Ga. "I feel rather weak and wobbly now and will wait until I have a physical checkup before I return to he said. He reported he has an offer to appear at a Co- lumbus. Ohio, night club and is thinking about writing a book call- ed "Flagpole Philosophies.'' General War Not Inevitable, Acheson Says By Relman Morin Tokyo General MacArthur itold Red Korea to give up or else today in- a "last time" surrender ultimatum loaded with the weight of a dozen United Nations fight- ing divisions. American forces already were battling beyond parallel 35 and South Korean Allies were 90 air miles deep in territory when made his second surrender de- mand in eight days. Like the first demand on Sun- day. October 1. it went unheeded by' the Red high command. The South Koreans, who jump- ed into the Redlands 15 minutes before MacArthur first demanded a Communist surrender on Octo- ber 1, were reported entering Wonsan, industrial center on the Sea of Japan coast. Wonsan is straight across the waist of the peninsula from Pyong- yang, the almost silent Commu- nist capital. A regiment of (he IT. S. First cavalry division was the first Al- Major General E. M. Almond, Tenth corps commander whose troops took Seoul, places wreath on the grave of an unnamed soldier during dedication ceremonies of the United Nations cemetery at In- chon, Korea. Honor guards are Sergeant Ernest Marcum, left, of Alabama and Sergeant George Eryson 'lied IT. N. force to enter Red Ko-j Of Pennsylvania, both of the Seventh division. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) support of "Chinese who will vig- orously and effectively fight out' side aggressors in order to obtain again and preserve a free and in- dependent and a. treaty of peace with Japan by appropriate' world' powers under .guidance and direction of General MacArthur. Slap Acheson I its kickoff across the artificial I Red stripe followed U. N. action New is not inevit-jin New York Saturday giving Mac- able, and no American should say Arthur full powers to unify Korea it is, Secretary Dean Acheson de- however he can. in the line the spiendidJptfU of two) The executive committee said al- that the American people "no longer have .confidence in our malnlrig South Korean forces had been rallied. Again, after this next shock, the enemy delayed for five days more, to bring up his heavy artillery. But by then, no less than two half strength American divi- sions all of the 24th and the Cavalary had reached the front. And the burden now passed, for a while to General Walker. The story of the southern beachhead has often told. In basic outline, :t was aM too simple. Our lines, from first to last, were always terrifyingly thin. About once every two weeks, the enemy would mass for a new push, and tear a huge hole in the line some- where. Walker would then scrape up just enough to pre- vent exploitation of the break- through, sometimes by taking outfits out of the line and leav- ing: huge gaps in areas where there was momentarily no pressure. clared last night. "If we keep always before us that our purpose in building military power is to enable us to settle our differences by peaceful means, then we shall avoid the terrible error of talking and acting as though the end of our effort is he said. Acheson spoke Freedom House, where he received the organization's award as "a valiant and construc- State department or in the presentee voice, leading the democratic secretary, Mr. Dean Acheson, andjnfltions against tyranny we believe It is the duly of the! m accepting the award, Acheson President to appoint immediately made an indirect reference to the MacArthur warned this time that he will back his surrender demand with force. The bulk of five Allied divisions troops was driving north into Red Korea against shat- tered Communist resistance while the ultimatum was being broad- cast repeatedly in Korean from Tokyojand Seoul. Behind this force, seven more Allied divisions were poised along the border in position to strike into j the heart of the Soviet satellite! Red Resistance Tough at Wonsan Koreans put up fiery resistance today against deep penetration of Rok forces righting for the port of Honsan and the first American troops to cross into Communist Korea north of Seoul. On both widely separated thrusts by the Allies, officers expected the local Red opposition to crumble quickly. But the Reds gave no indication that they will heed a new "last Truman Plans Foreign Policy Speech Soon a secretary of state who will in- still confidence." Erie Cocke, Jr., of Georgia, can- didate for the post of national com- mander, presented in behalf of the National Security commission a demand for enactment of univer- sal military training, the construc- tion of an air academy and the maintenance and enlargement of the U. S. Merchant marine. The commission lauded efforts of Louis Johnson, former secretary of de- fense, for "his courageous and fruitful accomplishmenta." many critics who have attacked his! The powerful U. N. ground -and the State j of up to men representing j policies: "Puhlic life in America is a rough school. It is no place for 53 nations was backed by strong land still building air and naval) [forces. Already these have made any one who is thin-skinned, air and sea blows at] ing session. There are or who can work only in an at- mosphere of approbation. "Indeed, such is our public life that abuse is not hard to bear, but understanding and support is something of an un- nerving experience." On his main theme, Acheson said I la basis for compromise with the! leaders is now -_. afternoon at the open-1 but that the Soviets may modify last tin e call tn onHioyro upon ana tne jori.cs un- Red Korea. Mac Arthur's ultimatum address- ed to the Red Korean premier! (Kim II said: "In order that the decisions of the United Nations may be carried out with a minimum of further loss of life and de- struction of property I, as the Price and Wage Curb Machinery Being Forged comple- UnKed Nations commander in jtion of the machinery to control time" surrender demand aired by General MacArthur. The South Koreans (Roks) may be preparing to turn at Wonsan from their BO-mile northward ad- vance on the Sea of Japan coast and strike west across the waist of the peninsula for the Red capi- tal, Pyongyang, 95 air miles ahead. About equally distant from Pyongyang, troopers and tanks of the U. S. First calvary division crossed parallel 38 in regimental strength on the road leading north-: west out of Seoul, the Rok capital, with Pyongyang as the apparent goal. By Ernest B, Vaccaro ington Close ales' disclosed today', that Truman Is planning a major foreign policy speech in New York this month, The speech, A nonpolitical talk to the United Nations genera) a-s- seinbly, is one of possibly three p.m. Cousin Seriously Injured; 9 Hurt In Second Wreck Highway 12 Crash Ties Up Traffic For Five Hours Taylor, Tay- lor resident was killed and his cousin critically injured, and two other Taylor persons were among nine injured in a second automobile wreck within Jackson county Sun- day. Dead is Eldon Kvistad, son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Kvistad, He was 21 years old. In critical condition, still uncon- scious, at the Whitehall Community hospital is his Kvi- stad, 28, son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Kvistad. Injured, noc seriously, are Mr. I and Mrs. Arthjr Lind, Taylor, both 'in their 70's. Mr. Lind has a hip (injury; Mrs. Lind, a fractured right I arm and shoulder and numerous (facial cuts. Their automobile went out of control on a curve on highway 95 three miles west of here Sun- day afternoon, rolling end over end. Both passengers were thrown -violently from the car. The second accident occurred on highway 12, a mile south of Mills- ton and was described by officials as the worst traffic crash in Jackson county ia history. The crash tied up traffic for five hours as authorities worked with. torches to free the injured from tangled wreckage. Of the nine persons hospitalized at Black River Falls, none was in critical condition. Five were from Milwaukee, two from River Falls (and two from here. I Omer Kvistad was reported as I being in very serious condition at the hospital this morning. He is suf- Ifering from a skull fracture, brain numerous lacerations contusions. condition this morning by attend- ants at the Krobn clinic hospital at Black River Falls. According to reports from the hospital Mr. and Mrs. Lind were returning to Taylor on highway 12 when the accident occurred about four talks Mr. Truman contemplates! The Lind car collided head-on making before the congressional Arthur elections in November. haien to Milwaukee. These sources, who cannot be! Immediately behind the Jewett quoted by name, said Mr. Truman car was one Richard Mc- has definitely abandoned any Cormlck, 25, who had Mary Lou thought of an extensive "whistle-1 McCarther, 24, Mrs. Jerry Lulloff political campaign. Ke had su tour credited to the convention, which is staged by the American Legion Convention Corporation. It cost the very few operations by' oration for this one, lean forces can have called forithe most expensive ever. The 100 such sanguine energy, such cool- 000 Legionnaires and their fam- ness in husbanding infinitesimaljilie_ and who are visiti reserve such periect immunity Angeles this week are expect. fluster. In a situation that was al- ways coming apart at the seams, (Continued on Pase 16, Column f) ['accommodations. ALSOPS I their "determination to achieve] delegates ac- world dominion" if they learn the) West is strong and durable. j He said the democracies are now through a period ol great! peril, but that the alternative rearmament would not be merely] greater danger, but "certain aster." He also said that to win against totalitarianism by peaceful means, ed to spend more than democracy must be translated "into here, of it for food and hotel loaves of bread ES well as the Bill der your command, in what- ever part of Korea situated, forthwith to lay down your arms and cease hostilities." It invited North Koreans to co-operate in setting- up an in- dependent and unified govern- ment of Korea. It promised that they would be treated justly, It pledged U. N. action to rehabilitate all Korea. But MacArthur's final para- graph warned: "Unless immediate response made by you in the of the North Korean govern- ment I shall at once proceed! to take such military action may be necessary." The North Korean premier, commander in chief of Red arm- ies, has not answered. But a North Korean army communique last after the first demand said: "The fighting- spirit of the Ko- rean people cannot be broken." (prices and those curbs! jare in prospect to- day Hollowing selection of Dr. Alan Valentine to head the new Econom- [ic Stabilization agency Valentine, 49-year-old educator Allies in Position The allied ground fighting forces thus are in position to race or plod 95 miles on the westward tack, 85 on the northwest push. Such converging drives would aim to strangle the Red government before the Reds invaded South Ko- rea and made inopportune a direct new appeal in behalf of the "Fail- Deal." A White House announcement on the New York October will await a formal invitation from the United Nations. The occasion is the fifth anniversary of the date A fierce battle raged for the big when the United Nations charter 'became effective. The President, fresh from a industrial port of Wonsan. A. P. Correspondent William Jor-1 rest aboard the yacht wn_ den, with the South Koreans, in chesapeake Bay and tneymexpected_to crack Into the city may decide thi, {week what other talks he will make. by Tuesday (and businessman from Rochester, of Kim II Sung in its home base, Y.. was named late Saturday to be ESA administrator. President I Truman announced the appoint- ment shortly after his return from Jan eight-day Chesapeake bay, __ cruise on the yacht Williamsburg. I Tne heavy fighting at Wonsan At one" time" Mr." Cyrus S. Chmg, 73, the northwest of Seoul was to campaign in practically Mediation service director, was major show of Red resistance every section, but that assignment ported ready to give his answer smce south Koreans crossed thelnas now been taken over by Vice- shortly perhaps today as to whather he will accept chairman- ship of a ninii-man Wage Stabiliza- tion board. Ching has told friends he is re- luctant to accept the position, which he believes should go to a trained labor economist. These as- sociates, however, said he, probably will accept if Mi. Truman urges The Reds now are beginning to j him to do so. The White House put up sizable resistance for the first time since South Korean forces smashed north of the bor- der eight days ago. said only that Ching is one of those under consideration. When Valentine's appointment was announced, the White House MacArthur's headquarters said said Mr. Truman would act prompt- the Reds appear to have reassem- bled a division along the western half of the border area between Hwachon and Kaesong. A spokesman identified it as the orth Korean 18th division. He said it either withdrew virtually in- tact from the Seoul battle or has been reinforced. The South Koreans' smash into Wonsan. east coast about 80 air miles and 100 road miles north of the border, was observed and re- ported by U. S. Fifth Air Force pi- lots. Nearby towns were in flames. Red troops north. were seen fleeing American Legionnairss, up to their old tricks, subjected a woman to a variety of embarrassments as their national convention went into its second day at Los Angeles this morning. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) The South Korean Third division, marching in tattered canvas shoes and riding- in creaking- vehicles, had driven to the city in a swift advance up the coastal road against light resistance. Other South Korean forces cap- tured Hoeyang, 34 miles southeast of Wonsan, MacArthur's summary said. They were driving northwest, Wonsan is strategically impor- tant as a port, as a key point on major highway leading to the 'ommunist "capital of Pyongyang and as the center of a network nt roads. Two rivers form potentially good defense lines just south of the city. Prisoners previously had reported iy to select his tcp ESA members of the wage board'and a price stabilization director. The only definite word from White House sources on the iden- tity of the price controls boss has been that the President will not select any of the World War n OPA figures on grounds that such a man "would have two strikes on him to start with." There has been no indication that price and wage controls would be imposed any time soon., and indi- cations were that it would be close to the first of the year before Val- entine could organize and staff an agency capable of handling the complex task. Dr. Valentine is expected to take over his new job this week. He re- signed in June from .the presidency of the University of Rcchester. He is a registered Republican. Border Pact Protest Shunned by Poland Berlin West Germany's protest against the Oder Neisse Dorder pact between Poland and East Germany has been turned down by the Polish military mis- sion here. The Poles said the pact border October 1. (President Barkley. A. P. Correspondent William J.! However, Mr. Truman is ur.der- Waugh, with U. S. First cavalry Istood to have told Democratic Na- forces who crossed Monday on tional Chairman William M, Boyle, their push northwest from Seoul! Jr., he will be available for what- and Kaesong, quoted a Red pri- lever speaking chores Boyle may soner: I think advisable. Bovle has said recently that he ct-, The officers up them one Reds) surrender or re- treat. Troops who want to quit are and her young son as passengers. They were going to Milwaukee too. Mrs. Lulloff is from River Falls, Wis.; the other two are residents of Milwaukee. The-Lulloff boy was not admitted as a patient but was given first aid. Jackson County Coroner Sidney Jensen, Hixton, the county traf- fic officer, Paul Cooper, were called to investigate the accident near here yesterday afternoon. Jensen said that the cause of OEWon Kvistad's death was a badly fractured skull The acci- dent occurred on a curve in highway 95 close to the Paul Mollitor farm, The coroner had just returned to his home at Hixton when he was notified of the bad crash on high- way 12 below Black River Falls and sent both of his ambulances there. Traffic was tied up for over a mile in both directions. Jensen said. Military police from Camp McCoy, state highway officers and all coun- ty traffic police were called to the cene. Traffic was tied up for more than Truman to make at five hours, Jensen reported. f radio behaif of Democratic shot'" [candidates. Communist prisoners had some of Mr. Truman's aides said! told the battle for Wonsan. Was no present indication said the Reds planned to the President will do much Funeral arrangements for Kvistad have not been completed yet. an all-out defense there. Stiff Red Resistance Waugh said the First cavalry foot troopers smacked into stiff Red resistance within 30 minutes after they had crossed 38. I more than base whatever talks he i makes on appeals for votes and for candidates who will support a for- eign policy dedicated to sustaining the United Nations. The Democratic national commit- hat recced (Continued on Page 10, Column 5) was none of the Bonn regime's KOREA business. of the Seoul-Pyongyang road, cavalry troopers were forced to dig j in under a hail of mortar. automaT tic weapons and small arms Lieutenant Colonel William Wal- ton, Newton, Kan., said the job of knocking out the Reds was broadcasts. Respirator Demonstrated Houston, Texas Two Har- doubly tough because they were varcj university faculty members nrm-Hov week will exhibit a new type respirator for treatment of bulbar using smokeless powder, can't spot he said. They were fighting one mile polio victims, north of the border. There were! The two. Brigadier General some casualties. A Red land mine I James S. Simmons and Dr. Stanley knocked out one American tank, Arnoff, are to appear before the Convoys of troops and supplies third annual gulf coast regional rolled north from the border. Ob- servation planes skimmed .the northern ridges, spotting targets for fighter planes and American artillery. Allied warplaneS' stral'ed and rocketed the enemy positions. Fires flared in Wonsan itself and throughout the valley to the north. Villages to the south were in flames. Air Fores observers had report ed earlier, and apparently in er- ror, that South Koreans could be seen entering Wonsan. Pioneer X-ray Doctor Succumbs Egypt, Mass. Dr. Percy Brown, an X-ray pioneer, is dead at 74 after a scientific career which he once said had exposed him to as much "radioactive dam- age" as "an experimental Bikini goat." The first radiologist to be ap- pointed to the Harvard medical 'school, Dr. Brown took up the study of Roentgen rays in 1903. Thirty-one years later he retired because, he said, of "ill health due to the effects of prolonged radia- tion." He died yesterday. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Fair and conference on industrial health jwarmer tonight. Tuesday increas- ing cloudiness and warmer. LOW tonight 46. high Tuesday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations' for the 24 hours ending at 12 ra. today; Maximum, 72; minimum, 48: noon, 66; precipitation, .08. Official observations for the 24 which opens Thursday. General Church Awarded Medal General John H. Church, commanding general of hours ending at 12 m. today: the 24th Infantry division, has been awarded the fist Bronze Oak Leaf cluster to the Silver Star for gal- lantry during the Naktong river crossing September 19. Maximum, 68: minimum, 43; aoon, 64; precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises.to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 16   

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