Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 3, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Hard Freeze Tonight, Cold Wednesday VOLUME 50, NO. 193 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 3, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES Korea Army Australia, Canada Ask United Korea In Defense Edict Paves Way for 30 Billion Dollar Rearmament Plan Washington A simple, ironclad priority system was im-ir posed on industry today as a bot- tleneck-buster for the 000-a-year defense program. With this action, the National Production authority (NPA) felt it had provided the basic kit of tools needed to keep the defense pro- duction drive in high gear despite prospective shortages. A single priority rating iden- tified by the symbol "DO." for "defense order" will give mil- itary contracts let by the Armed' Forces or the Atomic Energy com-1 mission the right of way in unyl defense plant. i The NPA regulation, announced] by Administrator William H. Har- rison last night, requires every company to accept "DO." orders and make delivery on time. Civ- ilian work must be sidetracked if necessary. Officials said they knew of no delays on munitions work thus far. But shortages of steel, copper, alu minum and other vital materials are expected to develop as the arms program picks up speed. A manufacturer who receives a "DO" contract may serve the rat- ing on his suppliers, to obtain parts, raw materials and acces- sories; .and the subcontractors in turn miy use it on their suppliers. Companies which already hold military orders are expected to flood the Pentagon with requests for the rating in the next few- days, simply because it will insure them against any future break- down In the flow of .materials. The production tocl-kit now in- cludes: 1. Defense loan guarantees. By A, I. Goldberg i Lake eight-nation plan to unify Korea under U.N. iauspices gained powerful support from Australia and Canada today as (sentiment mounted against a Russian program intended to stop U.N. [forces in (iieir tracks. Australia, along with Britain and six others, is a sponsor of the eight-nation plan. Blunt-spoken Percy Spender, Aus- tralian minister lor external af- fairs, was expected to say outright that Genera.1. MacArthur's troops have the right to go clear to Chi- na's borders in carrying out a U.N. Money Orders for Canadian Money Banned der to which producers federal reserve may apply Washington The gov- ernment has temporarily stop- ped accepting money orders to be cashed in Canada. The embargo was issued by the Post Office department yes- terday following weekend ac- tion by the Canadian govern- ment in freeing its dollar to fluctuate with the market. The Canadian dollar pre- viously had been pegged at 91 U. S. cents. Its value ranged around 94 cents in New York trading yesterday. A postoffice spokesman said the suspension of money orders to Canada was decided upon to protect this government against losses until effects of the action can be studied. program for Korea. Most delegate's believe that, but only Philippines Foreign Minister Carlos P. Romulo has suggested Civil Defense Left to States, Communities Federal Government Ready to Assist With Program Washington The federal government is sticking to its view that states and localties must shoulder the main responsibility for civil defense against possible enemy air attack. This is being made clear in con- ferences state defense authorities are having with James .7. Wads- openly in the debates of the gen- worth, acting director of the civil eral assembly's 60-nation political defense office of the National committee that security council decisions gave MacArthur the pow- er to so act. Canada's minister for external j affairs. L. B. Pearson, promised complete support for the eight-na- tion plan. He said Russia's propos- Security Resources board. Many state officials have protest- ed that the federal government is not taking an active enough role in civil defense planning and furnish- ing of emergency supplies an d warning devices. Wadsworth told from Allied Planes Blast Heavy Traffic Columns in Reel Korea Far East Air Force reported Allied warplanes pounded heavy traffic columns rolling southward today in Red Korea from Com- munist China's Manchuria border. Pilots making the strike along the interna- tional highway to the North Korean capital of Pyongyang reported they destroyed 56 trucks and five other vehicles. An Air Force spokesman said 35 of the 56 trucks reported destroyed, were bagged in the vicinity of the North Korean capital. An air spokesman in Tokyo said the northern- most attack line along the highway was 30 miles south the Manchurian border. Fifth Air Force pilots reported truck Mils in Kwaksan, Anju, Si- nanju, Yongyu, all along the battered highway. Antung is .100 air miles northwest of Pyong- yang and across the Yalu river separating Korea and China. al for a cease-fire now would have civilian defense officials the effect of stopping U. N. troops Western states yesterday: Senate Probers Let Facts Speak For Themselves By John Chadwick at the 38th parallel or wherever they are in Korea. India was also on the morning speaking schedule. instruc- tions from New Delhi shortly be- fore the session began were expect- ed to give Chief Delegate Sir i Senegal N. Rau the cue for his line in today's session.. Persons close to the Indian dele- gation said they expected Rau to Russians "You cannot rely upon the federal government to provide you with all the tools you need to build an adequate civil de- fense structure. That leaves a grave responsibility in your hands. "The federal government will help you to the limit Its re- sources in terms of today's economy. But the job is al- ways and everlastingly yours." An order by President Truman (differ sharply with the land to demand that postwar elec jtions in Korea be held under the establishing a Federal Civil De istrict supervision of a U. N. corn-jfense administration has been [mission. (drafted though not yet formaliz- Soviet Foreign jvishinsky threw Senator Kef- said today the Senate crime investigating commit- tee is letting the facts it turns up Washington auver (D.-Tenn.) branches for the funds needed to swing big contracts, expand plants banks or for themselves, without re- or buy new equipment. Govern- consequences. That was his reply to Senator ErRwster who said he provided. 2. An inventory barring the hoarding of key ma- terials beyond normal, minimum working supplies. control order !in tneiT to regain control of Congress. "We are trying to do an honest j job and are not trying to help or regulation No.purt anyone except as the facts giving the military top claim said Kefauver who head B b th on materials and plant capacity. 4. A slowly emerging allocation system, under which NPA will ear- mark certain tonnages of scarce materials for vital defense pro- grams. Pet Parrot, 18, Lays an Egg Xing William, Va, Max chatted about a lot of things, but he never discussed sex. That's why Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Trimmer didn't know for 18 years that Max was, in reality, Maxine. Their pet parrot finally laid an egg. WEATHER the special group set up by the Senate to probe interstate crime and any corrupting influences. The possible impact of the crime committee's work on the Novem- ber 7. congressional election was brought up by Brewster yesterday! at a news conference. Chairman of the Republican sen atorial campaign committee, Brew. Minister Andrei Russia's seven- point Korea program into the de- ibate late yesterday after he had rejected the eight-nation j ready favored by a U. N. majority set up a commission with (Strong Asian representation to sta- bilize Korea as a unified country, supervise elections and arrange for relief. He charged that South Korea and the United States were the aggres- sors in Korea and that a tr. N. watch-dog commission there tried to cover up for the U. S. Poland, white Russia and Czech- oslovakia argued, often in the same language Vishinsky had used earlier, for the Soviet viewpoint. In addition to demanding an im- mediate halt to hostilities, the Rus- sian plan asked for immediate withdrawal of foreign troops from Korea, the holding of elections un- ed. Wadsworth arranged to meet to- day with civil defense directors of states east of the Mississippi riv- er. This group, headed by Direc- tor Leonard Dreyfuss'of New Jer- sey, expressed concern in advance about federal-state relations. Dreyfuss told a news conference the eastern directors are concern- ed about making loyalty checks of their civil defense workers. In that connection, he said, the directors agreed to call on their slate at- torneys general to seek revocation of state charters of organizations classed as "subversive" by the U. S, attorney general. Another in Dreyfuss' group. Civ- il Defense Director Donald S. Leonard of Michigan, complained about a recent Air Force order changing air raid warning signals. He said it had caused confusion and created problems for civil de- der a special Korean commission fense organizations in getting their with U. N. observers to include auxiliary forces on duty. Russia and Red China, and U. N. economic and technical aid. Wouldn't Momes oordon Jaj 22' was granted a divorce FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and colder with hard freeze tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy and con- 'Jnued cold. Lo'w tonight 34 in iity and from 25 to 28 in coun- ments in New York state. He said he. meant Republican Gov- ernor Thomas E. Dewey's decision to seek re-election and the police graft scandal in New York city. His committee is to begin cl03-S ed sessions at Chicago Thursday, In Chicago, committee aides saidj 25 witnesses have been served sub- i poenas. They declined to identify; any, but it was learned that onei is Tom Cawley, 55, operator of aj plush gaming house in La Sslle, i about 100 miles southwest of Chi-! cago. Cawley told a reporter "This notj His complaint: His bride, Isabelle, him." 'wouldn't kiss It demonstrates the need for closer co-operation between the federal government and the local said. The N.S.R.E. warned last nig-bt that, in case of war, cri- tical target areas in the Unit- ed States may undergo "more severe" attacks than the World War K bombings of Hamburg, Hiroshima and Nagasaki the latter two being the Japanese cities hit by the A-bomb. High Wednesday 55. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations foi' Jets, Baby Tanks Spotted in Russia _ A Snow Fight was in order for these Fargo, N. D., youngsters as the first taste of winter visited most of North Dakota. Snow was still on the ground this morning at many North" Dakota points as a result of low temperatures which followed the fall. CAP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ouncil Balks At Involvement In Highway Row Conirad Reception Planned Recrosses Due Home This Week Plans were being completed here today for a formal reception and The city council last night honoring Max Conrad who today completed his solo round-trip i plain that it does not wish to I flight across the Atlantic. Conrad landftd his small plane at Seven South Korean Forces 50 Miles Inside Parallel General Walker Confers With Republic Leaders By Russell Brines Tokyo South Korean forces pierced nearly 50 miles into i Red Korea today on a drive aimed to carry all the way to Commu- nist China's Manchuria border. The South Korean commander then conferred with two top U. S. generals who flew to Koryo air- field Kangoung, Just south of the border. Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker, Eighth Army commander, and Major General Earl E. Part- ridge, Fifth Air Force command- er, talked there with Major Gen- eral Kim Pak H, commander of the South Korean First corps. Partridge piloted the small plane. The reason for the conference was not disclosed. But an Allied Korean military advisory group (KMAG) officer expressed concern over the small number of prison- ers taken 50 to 75 a day. KMAG officers feared that the Reds may be vanishing to mass up in the hills a flanking at- tack. Have Air Support A.P.. Correspondent Hal Boyle, with the Republic's Third division reported the South Koreans wheel- ed into Kansong, 35 air milen jnorth of the border, by noon Tues- jday. Patrols stabbed ahead to Ko- song, 50 air miles north of paral- lel 38. The South Koreans had Allied air support on a swiftly advanc- ing bomb line and standby naval jgun support alongside their east I coast drive. Allied air observers flew 15 miles north of Kosong without sighting the enemy anywhere. The Reds were reported running i toward Wonsan, 60 road miles north of Kansong, under reported orders to make a last ditch stand there on the Sea of Japan coast. Boyle said about 60 American Army men were with the South Koreans as advisers. But the Americans were under new orders, Boyle to discuss the drive into Red Korea with war correspondents. Delicate Situation South Korean officers, under no By Thomas A. Reedy scribed a 50-mile jeep ride into right. I never did anything. I don't! Berlin An American Soviet zone, which bristles like this at all. It is terrible.'' jgressman has pierced Russia's Another witness placed under i Iron Curtain in Germany and re- subpoena is Mrs. Virginia H-illjturned undetected with an eyewit- Hauser, one-time friend hours ending at 12 m. today: the 24 gambler Benjamin (Bugsy) of slain 1 Siporp.1. Kefauver said "We think there arc Maximum, 72; minimum, 38: good many points on which she 4S; precipitation, none; sun sets give us some information" night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 12. ness account of new Soviet baby tanks and jet planes. The adventure was reported by Representative Thurmond Chat- ham who came to Ber- with Russian troops. He .visited a new air base and an In- fantry tank compound. A westerner on such forbidden territory is. vulnerable 'to arrest and possible shooting as a spy. Befriended Russ but he said it probably will be lin with a group of legislators tour- some time before the U. S. defense points in Europe, gets around to her. Chatham in an interview de- become any further controversy over the relocation of highway 61 to the south side of Lake Winona. The aldermen stated their posi- tion at Monday night's regular meeting when the matter of send- ing delegates to a meeting in the state highway commissioners' of- fice later this month was brought up for discussion. The meeting was arranged recent- ly after 49 owners of business firms on the present highway 61 and 14 I route had protested the relocation of the highway and filed s, petition with the state highway department asking reconsideration of the plan, In a letter to Herbert Kleyla, one of the petitioners, the state com- missioner stated that he would con- fer with the protesting group and suggested that the city council pro- pably would wish to be represented. When the council discussed the It is at tSe Winona airport to Arthur had described the border greet his mother, Mrs. Max Conrad, ST., on his return trip from New crossing situation as delicate po- .__a _ ,_.i____ I. _ __ liHnRllv. (sending of representatives to such The congressman said he was how a, alder. officer he befriended while they both were doing liaison work ing World War II. Chatham told this story: wanted no part of it. The gentral opinion of the coun- was that it already had stated its I Islands, Quebec, after a flight from Gander, Newfoundland. such restrictions, talked freely. A spokesman for General Mac- York to Minneapolis where he is employed by the Minneapolis! Honeywell Regulator Company. The reception arrangements Conrad are being handled in nona by the Winona Flyers asso-i ciation, Verne Armstrong, announced today. A formal wel- coming ceremony will be held the airport at which all Winonansj will he invited. It is expected this! will be at U a. m. on Thursday, Friday or Saturday of this week, the day depending on the time In Mams Caribou, Con- rad brought his small plane down at Caribou airport today on bis round trip solo flight to Switzerland. made on his flight from J Mr. Armstrong announced 1 the Winona Birch school band Traffic Justifies Control Signals At Third, Main Statistical data has been collect- ed by the city engineering depart- ment which apparently justified the i proposed installation of traffic con- signals at Third and Main jstreets. I At last night's city council meet- ling, City Engineer W. O. Cribbs i presented the results of a survey I taken here last Friday showing the and traffic at Third and Main street interr- been asked to participate in the! program and to be at the a.rportj The results of the survey some- to clav a welcoming tune. The Wi- what stunned most of the alder- to play a welcoming nona Transit Company has agreed to donate buses to transport the island, that'it'stilffeTt theTelocationtband to and from the airport if !of the highway would be best for city and-most of all-it doesn't school authorities authorize par- ticipation by the band. nrnr.f jul'- ui uueaiiL mv. clothing, in a West Berlin to beCome invalved ln any Following the greeting, there will squabble in the state commission-j be a caravan of automobiles down- nightclub. "He threw his arms around me and we had a good talk. He asked if I would like to take a trip with I When asked if he wished to at- er's office. him and I accepted." Itend the meeting October 10, Alder- Homes In The Town of Surte, north of Guthenburg, in northern Sweden, lie at crazy angles as they slide toward the Goeta river on a giant slab of clay set into motion by weeks of rain. The former site of the town today is a canyon 50 feet deep and 600 feet across. About 40 homes toppled into the river. One died and 30 were hurt in the landslide. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) The next day the Russian tookjman J. S, Krier declared that he'd Chatham to the Soviet sector of "made four trips up there on this. Berlin, put on the uniform of was all settled a year ago and senior Red Army officer and can't see why we have to go over it again. "Wouldn't that be swell publicity for two factions of Winonans to go up and get into a big argument in the commissioner's he ask- ed. Councilman William Holden asked why it wouldn't be better for "these people to go up and present their case and be heard than have all of us up there too. Then let the highway department make up its mind." Loyde Pfeiffer acknowledged that 'nobody can blame them for want- ing to protect their own businesses Kit as far as I'm concerned, ;t's a matter of doing something that's best for a great majority rather than helping a small minority." Krier, who asked that the coun- cil be "diplomatic about sug- jested that Mayor Cy Smith and City Engineer W. O. Cribbs attend, the meeting with the protesting group the commissioner's office and the council agreed that this would be the best solution. jeep from the Russian motor jpool. He barked his way through half a dozen checkpoints, explaining his American companion as a friend from one of the East Euro- pean satellite countries. At an airfield completed only six weeks before, Chatham said he saw new jet planes with sweptback wings that looked to him sleek and fast as the latest American typefc Low Slung Tanks At another base, he caid, there were about 20 tanks built lower than anything he had seen while in combat in both world wars about three feet high but armed with long guns. Chatham speculated the tanks might be almost immune to dinary fire from weapons which could not lower their muzzles enough to aim at the low tanks. The drivers, the congressman conjectured, probably lie prone to operate the tanks. town and through the business district. A loud speaker car or sound truck has been obtained and it will play the two new songs written by Max, The caravan will stop long enough for Conrad to make a few brief remarks about his transatlantic crossings. The caravan will then adjourn, to the Hotel Wi- nor.a where a luncheon will be held in honor of Conrad. Seating at the luncheon will be limited to 150. Conrad's New York agent said he did not know why the stop was made in Canada as Conrad had planned to make a ten-hour' hop from Gander, Newfoundland, to Teterboro, N. J. The agent said Conrad would also stop at Old Town, Me., to pick up equipment he left on his flight to Europe. His planned arrival time at Teterboro was not known. Mrs. Conrad and the children, arrive in New York today on the French liner Liberte and the agent said he was having trouble finding them hotel rooms because of the World series. Conrad left Paris last Thursday, flying by the northern route through Iceland. Tickets for the hotel luncheon may be obtained from the Hotel Winona desk. litically. Red China is reported, to have thousands of veteran troops mass- led in Manchuria across the Yalu river from Red Korea. Communist i China leaders have made threat- ieniug talk but no march of Red i China soldiers into North Korea ihas been reported from authentic I sources. MacArthur's headquarters broke iils silence Tuesday on the cross border campaign that began Sun- day as an all-Korean show. It said merely that the South Korean Third division had advanced to Tongcho, a village 13 miles north of the border. The South Korean Third has thrust about 275 road miles since- it kicked off 15 days ago in the port area. "We are going to the borders of said Lieutenant Colo- nel Jung Rei Hiok, Third division chief of staff. "We will get there in a maybe two months. But we want to 'get there before the winter comes." 300-Mile Trip The Manchurian border is about Cribbs pointed out that during one eight-hour period last Friday, pedestrians and vehicles crossed the intersection. This averaged out to 958 vehicles per hour crossing the intersection on the street of heaviest traffic (in this case Third According to the manual of uniform traffic standards, Cribbs said, an average of 750 vehicles an hour justifies the installation of the automatic sig- nals. The information regarding traffic at the intersection was collected by counters who were stationed at the intersection for the full 24- hour period Friday. The council generally agreed that if traffic is that heavy at the inter- section, automatic controls should be installed. It suggested, however, that be- fore an installation is made at Third and Main, similar checks should be made at various other intersections to determine whetherjmsin battles of the scattered mop- such signals should be placed there] up fighting in South Korea. 180 air miles north of parallel 38. the bcrder between South and North Korea. By road, it is closer to 300. Jung said retreating Red farces had murdered 15 boys and one girl in Kangnung, just south of the border. Red troops behind the Third's northern spear raidec, vil- lages for cattle and rice. Jung said "we had reports aiat enemy withdrew northwest of Kangnung ahead of us but we haven't run into them. "We expect the enemy to put up a strong fight at Wonsan." troops poured across the border in support of the thrust. Wonsan is a coastal industrial center with fertilizer and chemical plants. B-29s hit it hard early in the war. MacArthur's summary said the Marines had reached Uijongbu's southern outskirts in one of the also. Alderman Parks also sug- gested that a stop sign be placed on the north side ol Second street at Main street to control traffic southbound on Main, The proposal met with favor and the city attorney was instructed to draft provisions of such an or- dinance to be presented for dis- cussion at the next council meet- ing. Beds Dug In The leathernecks rammed against an estimated 250 troops dug in three miles southwest of Uikong- bu. The Marines knocked out four Red tanks in a bitter light and drove on to the city. Throughout the remainder of South Korea, Allied troops contin- ued cleaning out Red forces rang- ing from a few hundreds to thou- sands.