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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 15, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Continued' Coo! Tonight; Rain Saturday VOLUME 50, NO. 178 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 15, 1950 Football Tonight KWNO-FM p m. EIGHTEEN PAGES ng ear ou mg S9 lew Manufacturing Plant To Operate Winona Factory 3 Americans Burned Alive fey Korean Reels By William Jorden With U. S. Second Division, Korea least three American soldiers were thrown into a roaring fire by their Norr.h Korean captors on the western front recently, The grisly tale of this latest in a series of Red atrocities against American prisoners came to light during a U. S. Sec- ond division -investigation today, The Americans were captured when the Reds overran an advance command post the night of August 31. The Ameri- can position fell during the first Communist drive that rocked United Nations defenders back on their heels. A number of witnesses told the Army inquiry board they saw their fellow soldiers, some of them wounded, thrown into a roaring fire which apparently had been built for that purpose. Sergeant Lester Maroum of Vaughn's Mill, Ky., had a squad of Americans and South Koreans manning a 75-mm. gun orj the perimeter of the overrun command post. He said he was about 200 to 300 yards away. Marcum said he saw three Americans thrown into the fire by the North Koreans. He said he heard one scream: "Don't 90 da_ys- do it! Don't do The sergeant said the Reds occupied the position about 30 minutes and then moved on after their grim work was done. Meat Price Increases Blamed on Weather Washington The weather is threatening to .keep a of beef from butcher shops this fall and and to hold meat prices Joyces in New York, Chicago, De- A new manufacturing plant which at peak operation may employ in excess of 200 persons is coming to Winona. It is a subsidiary of the Northern! Engraving and Manufacturing) Company of La Crosse which hasj leased the old plant of the Badger' [Machine Company at 580 East Front street. Announcement of this important industrial new, lor this city made jointly today by officials ofi October t Tax Boost Assured For Excess Profits Levy Laid Over to January Session October 1 boost in income taxes for more than Americans was practically assured today, because Congress de- Industrial Development association, and the Winona Association of j Both tne House and have Commerce which were instrumental! declared in- favor of passing an ex-- in bringing the plant here cess Profits tax Iater> and making it Name Not Selected aPP'y retroactively to either. one- Officers of the La Crosse or one-fourth of 1950 corpora- pany were indefinite about mcome. So little doubt remains to Be manufactured here. It tnere wln De a multi-billion- fcnown, however, that the Northernidollar lex'y on Profits and that firm is negotiating with the Will apply to part of 19SO income, partment of Defense for war con-' But it's uncertain whether Con- tracts and that.it was a iargeigress will come back after the No- producer of war materials during lumber elections to pass such a hill World War II. They also said thatlor nut it off for the 82nd Con- the name of the corporation to be grass in (set up for the operation of the Wi- jnona plant has not been Manufacturing operations, however, are expected to get under way Hot Debate The Senate last night, after a hot debate, refused to join the House in a resolution that called for the writing of the excess profits bill as "early as practicable" during the present session of Congress. The present Congress goes out of exist- ence January 3. The Senate, instead, "iof floor space. The Badger com-istuck to its action taken previously, 'priny has moved to its new faetoryiwheii it wrote into the general tax at 1124 West Fifth street, the for-i bill a provisian to take up the retro- ;mer Donovan foundry building. i active excess profits tax In January. I Other Branch Offices So the matter of timing on that, The Northern company; one ofi measure remained up in the air.j the larger employers in La Crosse, but meantime there apparently i.s The Northern company has taken ja two-year lease with, an .option to jbuy on the Badger plant which has 13.000 square feet manufactures escutcheons, clock dials, radio automobile equip- ment. narn3 plates and decorated metal specialities. It hail branch hlghzr than they otherwise might be. AngeJes ana calif The Midwestern com belt has stayed and recentjy placed -into operation development and ripening of corn before killing frosts arrive. Faced with the prospect thai a large quantity of com may not harden properly before Irost, many farmers are rushing out to buy" cattle to feed the prospective "soft" com to. In doing so, they srs competing with slaughterers for cattle which other- iwise would be killed now. "Soft" com cannot be stored for jlong and cannot be sold, except at a sharp price discount. Neither is lit eligible for government price- I support loans. Must Feed Crop Consequently, about the only way a farmer can get anything out of this immature corn is to feed it as no major tax obstacle to an early congressional recess. The snag1 that threatened to de- lay final action on the general tax-boosting post- pone the effective date beyond Oc- tober eliminated ytsterday when effort? to put a ja new subsidiary plant at Newjexeess profit levy in the present Indian TODAY- Truman Still Hopes War Won't Spread By Stewart Alsop Washington What is past is soon as possible to meat animals, past, and there will be no dancing hope that the eventual return on the political grave of Louis livestock will give them Philadelphia, Officers of the Northern Engrav-j bill failed in the House. Too tate For Change ing and Manufacturing company; Speaker Rayburn ruled it was too are C. D. Gelatt, chairman of the board and general manager; C. A. Loveland, president: A. H. Zischke, vice-president: T. P. Dalzell, sec- retary, and M. L. Grouse, treasurer. late to insert new matter into the tax bill, which has already passed both houses in somewhat different forms and now awaits a smoothing- out job by a House-Senate conier- Large Arrows show where United Nations forces have landed behind North Korean lines in Korea, U. S. Marines and infantry pushed ashore at Inchon (1) and drove two miles into the city. The beachhead area is about 150 miles from the southeast front. South Korean Marines hit the east coast (2) in the Pohang-Yongdok area at three places. South Koreaii offlcials reported another AHied landing at Kunsan The U.S.S..Missouri shelled the Bed-held port of Samchok (A.P: "Wire- photo to The Johnson in this space. But the pro- cess which led up to President Tru- man's dismissal of Johnson casts an interesting light on the future, and it is therefore worth di-scrib- something for the grain. Corn needs hot weather during August and September to make it and mature so that it can stored for Jong and normal sre n ing. Truman s decision to replace operations. But wea- was actually taken some ten days ago. Until that time, Truman had no intention of dismissing Johnson. The President's loyalty to his sub- ordinates is so fanatical that the fact that Johnson had given him in the Midwest during the past Volcano Kills 51 Persons In Philippines MacArthur Leads Assault on Seoul ience committee. j By a 331 to 2 vote, the House im-1 mediately approved a resolution! calling upon the tax-writing com- mittees in both chambers to pro- !duce excess profits tax legislation during the present session, retroac- By Kussell Brines tive either to October 1 or July 1, With General MacArthur on the Inchon Front, leral MacArthur returned to combat today to direct a bold military gam- Then the Senate fell to fighting Ible which he says may break the; backbone of the North Korean army, over whether to go along. It voted! to stick by what it already !iad saidisent on the matter t action next Janu-l miles____ Senator O'Mahoney m.-Wyo.) bottleneck Rnd then crush on the Yellow sea. Inchon Only 120 Miles From Red Capital Tokyo Inchon, where U. announced tonight 51 persons to reconsider this decision.! He i Hi- He was beaten, 3G to 34. :Korea bok volcano. It's on Camiguin is- is remaining indefinitely to run what may be t The House-Senate conference-war's climactic campaign. land near the northern coast of committee, already at work Infor-l MacArthur told seven accompa-, Mandmao in the southern now wji; seek t0 jron outlnying correspondents the main ob-i "jdtionary force and the American ;Eighth Army. Reds Lack Strength pines. disastrously bad advice carried no feeding in the corn belt has -been with him. Mere stupidity, however tragic its consequences, does not constitute an infringement of the Truman code. But about meet consumer needs and by far- fen days ago, Truman finally be- Twenty-seven others were the geneml tax bm. I differences between the two cham-1 jectives were to sever the vital Redj The Red lacks the strength to hit six hours has been abnormally coldjed seriously, the Philippines gov- communications in the Inchon and (both Allied forces simultaneously. The west coast itself is mostly Attack Could Break Back of Korean Army General MacArthur On Scene to Direct Operations By The Associated Press Tokyo Personally direct- ed by General Douglas MacAr- jthur, American Marines and in- fantry stormed ashore in Korea's west coast today far behind Rad battle lines and knifed swiftly un- der fire into the big port of In- chon. The landings were made at the harbor for Seoul, the Red-held South Korean capital 22 miles in- land. Covered by bombardments from British and American warships, the leathernecks landed first at a.m. p.m. C.S.T., Thurs- Eleven hours later, the tr. S. Tenth Army corps went ashore. Led by tanks, they drove two miles into Inchon on their first lunge. Navy, Marines Praised General Douglas MacArthur, the United Nations commander who planned the bold operation, was on hand" to' direct the landings. And he said: "The Navy and Marines have never shone more brightly than this morning." Later he said the deep amphib- ious penetration might break the backbone of the Korean Red ar- my. South Korean Marines landed at the same time on Korea's east coast. These co-ordinated thrusts deep in Red territory were the kickoff of the long-awaited tfnited Nations offensive. This was the day turning tide, coming after a series of bitterly- fought Allied that be- gan with the tmnk-led North Ko- rean assault across the 38th par- allel' June 25. Since that time, io country slightly larger in area than Utah, .the Allies have been shoved south- jward on the mountainous penin- jsula into a box beachhead on the Southeast. The beachhead had [shrunk to an area roughly 50 miles (wide, by 70 than Connecticut. It was some 165 miles to the northwest of this beachhead that MacArthur was throwing his main counter-punch. Warships Shell Shore With warships slamming heavy shells into concealed Red shore landed on connected to half-mile causeway. The Navy said the Marines suf- fered only "negligible losses" in exposed at low tide. Heaviest Korean population is along that coast. wet. As a consequence, j eminent announcement said. much of the! The the easualt. was corn may not mature fully before' lulling frosts arrive. The demand for cattle for grain pal- ace from Red Cross representa- tives on the island. very strong during the past week or so. Heavy buying of cattle from western by packers to mers for sent prices came convinced that Johnson had to record levels for the year. indeed violated the Truman code More Mzat Later On in two distinct ways. In the first place, the Presi- dent received overwhelming evi- dence, from sources which he trusted, that the reports that Johnson was undercutting Sec- to heavier weights. Much of the cattle moving to markets from ranges is of a dual jpurpose character. It can be used immediate slaughter or can be I moved to farm feed iots for fatten-! noon or evening. High 68. President Elpidio Quirino imme- diately ordered all' agencies of the government to rush reliaf. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winnna and vicinity: Generally fair and continued cool. Low tonight "If we can accomplish what Ashore, there are some cliffs U. S. Warned 6 Weeks Before Korean Attack laim at." said the 70-year-old gen- jerai, "his (the enemy's) condition I will rapidly become critical." MacArthur flew from Tokyo Sep- itember 12 ahead of a typhoon and between small beaches fronted by mud flats. Inchon is the port of Seoul, the fallen capital of the republic of South Korea, 22 miles inland. It [boarded the invasion flagship off is Korea's fourth largest city with southern Japan. a normal population of about Today he watched with a Seoul ranks first with a popu- as the first part of his plannedjlation of nearly Fort MacArthur, said Roberts, "because heioperation unfolded perfectly The invasion city is 30 miles lUnited Nations commission's reported access to the same information that there was six weeks' warning of a rosy dawn. llad and Three and one-half hours after not so informed. Marines had made the initial south the 38th parallel, which dier General' W. L Roberts Trie U.N. commission's report on Wolmi island. MacAr-1120 miles southeast of Pyongyang, "Hindsight observation." who 52 in the city and 45 in the coun- try Saturday increasing advisory group, i, night chief mili- a state- the North Koreans completely with top generals and admiralsithe Red capital, and 724 air miles blame for the conflict. The com-jcruised in a small iaunch withinjwest of Tokyo. mission includes India, Australia, China. El beach on the edge of Inchon.itries produced railroad rolling A headquarters spokesman said 80 prisoners were taken in the in- itial assault after the Marines overcame considerable opposition from machine gun nests covering the causeway between Wolmi island and Inchon itself. Wolmi island, which commands the seaward approach to Inchon, was saturated with napalm jelly bombs before the Marines storm- ed ashore, the Navy spokesman said. This wooded island literally was burned out by the bombs, he added. The ini'antrymen were held back to take advantage of Inchon's ex- ceptionally high tide. At p.m. a.m., they went ashore. They drove two miles into ;ives of jrifle range of the enemy, off a sec-1 Inchon's badly pounded indus- Inchon, a city of within iiiituu iiibm, wciijruiE, iformed of large North Korean troop! rulke-v< consumers' standpoint, i Official observations for the as as May 12J this diversion of cattle from slaugh-1hours ending at 12 m. today: m a 1U-page report of ter pens has its favorable side. It Maximum, <3: minimum, 48; the Korean commission. FraKce. the Philippines and The Marines swarmed ashore onlstock and euuipment, machinery je in tary of State Dean Aclieson in order to protect himself, were true. In the second place, Tru- man also recieved evidence that since Korea Johnson had (Continued on Page 15, Column 1.) mean a larger tonnage next yearjmolTOW at that bsach later in the afternoon, jand steel. noon, 73: precipitation, none; sun sets tonigh? sun rises to ALSOP may mean less beef in the months (immediately ahead. But it will mean a larger tonnage next year than otherwise would be the case.1 Additional weather on page 15. LETTER FROM KOREA quoted Colonel Chang Do Yong, chief of Intelli- gence of the South Korean army, reporting on May 12 that Com-) Pa. A young munist invasion was imminent. His j soldier in Korea took a piece of conclusion was based on: (I) In-1notepaper from his helmet and (creased manpower of the North Ko-j wrote a letter to his two small rean army; (2) Massing of well- daughters back home, trained troops near the 38th paral-l Tnat letter was delivered yester- lel: and (3) Infiltrating to the home of six-year-old ribbon around its neck and you raids. Rose Marie McCormick and her U3ed to carry it in your arms. You looked awfully cute. dy and sodas, aud I used to feel so good when people us- ed to say you had eyes like mine. Remember the little pup- py I bought you? Your mum- my used to tie a little pink Two officers from General Rob- erts' staff, however, did new agree on the imminence of danger, the U.N. commission reported at Lake Success. slater, Joan, three. Three ..days ago, their mother was notified that Private First Class John J. McCormick, 28. par- !atrooper veteran of World War II General Roberts said he infantryman in Korea, had daily intelligence reports from killed, ra action, who worked alongside the! The TJ.S.S. here firing a broadside at her target during Carribbean maneuvers- went into action today in the Korean war. The world's mightiest battleship blazed away with her 16- inch guns at the east coast Red-held fort of Samchok on the Sea of Japan. The battleship made an mile speed dash to the battle area from Norfolk, Va. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Korean officer. I I roost certainly would have been I informed of any concentration -of northern troops If reliable informa- tion had been said Gen- eral Roberts, who now commands the 6th Army's southern California district. 'Even if we had received such information at that time it is doubtful that much more could have been done to counter he added. He' also, took exception to the commission's statement that the South Korean chief of staff report- ed North Koreans under arms last January. The commis- sion said General Roberts believed the number or less. "I would not have- believed him This is what Private McCormick wrote to "Dear Joannle and Kose "This is daddy. I want you to listen and pay attention while mommie reads this to you. Just try and make believe I was there, talking to'you. "Joannie I don't think you'll remember me because you werfi a .little baby when I had to go away, but I used to sit and hold you a lot, and when you were a bad little girl, I used to make you sit in a chair until you were good, but I al- ways loved you a lot and J was very proud of you. "Rose Marie, you should re- member me because I used to take you out with me a lot, and I used to buy you a lot of can- "I want you both to know that I'd be with you if I could, but there are a lot of bad men if they were they want- ted to do, little girls like you wouldn't be allowed to go to church on Sunday or be able to go to the school you want- ed to, "So I have to help fight these men and keep them from com- ing where you and mummie Uve. It might take a long while, and maybe daddy will have to go and help God up in Heaven, and if I do, I always want ycu both to be good for mummie, be- cause she is the best mummie in the whole wide world. "She has always taken care of you while I have been away. You see, kids, I happened to be caught in two wars Inside tea years, and the reason I am where I am today is because I am fighting for what I think is right. "That's one thing I always want both of you to remember. If your conscience tells you something is right, always stand up for it. You might be riduculed for doing so, but in the long run you'll always find out that people respect you more for doing so. "When you grow up to be young ladies, don't ever forget all that mummie has done for you. She has often gone with- out clothes for herself so that both of you could have nice things. I want you to do as she says: go to church on Sun- days and you can always pray for daddy. "So remember, -kids, when you grow up, save this letter in case I'm not there to talk to you, and try and remember, all I am saying, for it's for (your good, and because I lova you and mummie so much. "I'll be in a hole, in a few days, in a place called Korea, so I'm. sending you all that's In my heart on this sheet of paper. I carry your picture, and mummie's next to my heart, and if I have to go help God, you'll know that the last thought I had on this earth was for the two of you and mommie. All my love and lasses. Be good and God bless you. Daddy." 30 minutes. Associated Press Correspondent Relman Morin with the forces re- ported brown pillars of smoke bil- jloweC into the overcast sky, sent up by the shells of the warships. JThen a light rain fell, The Allied landing forces were the strongest assembled since World War n. In size they com- pared with the biggest amphibious operation in the Pacific during the Japanese war. A.P. Correspondent Russell Brines reported 262 ships but the Marines and doughboys stayed ashore and protected thtm there. In the fleet were 194 American vessels, 12 British, three Can- adian, two Australian, two New Zealand, one French, one Dutch, 32 U. S. ships leased to Japan and the balance South Korean. The Inchon beachhead was sof- tened up by a two-day naval and air bombardment in midweek. Six American destroyers and four of them British lobbed shells into shore installa- tions. Carrier planes streaked over a 210-mile western coastal strip hitting airfields, troops and gun emplacements. In Moscow, the Russian press reported an enemy" amphibious landing was repulsed by the North Koreans. Those dispatches didn't say where, but presumably referr- ed to the Inchon operation. On the southeast beachhead front the U. S, Eighth Arm? re- ported South Korean troops occu- pied Anganj in the northeast sec- tor of the Allied defense permit- ter. Angang, nine miles southwest of Red-held Pohang port, was the pivotal point of the Reds' cessful offensive last week.
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