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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1950, Winona, Minnesota feint Cooler Tonight, Sunday 'rm Iwvw VOLUME 50, NO. 172 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 8, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES TOD4Y- Situation Chaotic In Korea iew Denied Water Line Libertyiown, Md. A 74- year-old farmer was tortured for three hours by two mask- ed men after the money believ- ed hidden in the secluded house in which he lived alone, state police reported last night. Then they escaped with their loot, believed to include 000 in government bonds, infe the aged farmer for dead. That h a p p e n ed Wednesday night. The victim was Walter Pit- tinger, a well-to-do bachelor. He remained in the house, hardly able to move, for almost 24 hours. He was finally found by his brother, Jesse Pittinger, who lives on a neighboring farm, and taken to Memorial hospital in Frederick. Doctors said he had suffer- By Joseph Alsop With U. S. Forces in When the situation is which in this war means wholly unstable and quite possibly disas-j trous, this reporter cannot com-! pete with his colleagues who write for tomorrow's paper. It may be helpful, all the same, to try to explain why we are so suddenly suffering a fearful reverse here. It is a long, bitter and significant story, which ends with Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson. In brief, during the past the enemy managed to mount a primitive but massive offensive, using his limited stocks of heavy military equipment only ir. areas, but lavishly expending man-; power everywhere. Albeit with shocking losses-, this offensive was frustrated in the American sectors of the line, justifying the new American self confidence lately reported in this space. In the long South Korean sector, however, a major breakthrough has been achieved. And as these words are written, the outcome is totally un- certain. No doubt the Pentagon will now revive the siUy oactrd of its first days of the -war, that the South Koreans will not fight. But the plain truth Is that the South Korean divi- sions had been fighting contin- uously in the lint for any- where from 60 to 70 days. They had sustained appalling casu- alties one regiment, known to this reporter has loal no less than men, or three- timos the number on its mus- ter rolls. And they had still held on although they were 01- tcn ill-supplied with small arms smmiiniiion. food and even water, and although they frequently had trouble, be- cause of pocr communications, Jn securing needed artillery and air support. In these circumstances, it is not necessary to ask why the South Koreans "broke at last under heavy enemy attack. The question is, rather, why such an excessive bur- den was imposed upon them for, KO long. The answer is simple, j Lieutenant General Walton H. Senator Bridges (K.-N. H.) that Maryland Torture Seek U. N. Bancfas Get Berth for Red China Regime ed a broken jaw, smashed ribs and internal in- juries and was in a critical condition. State Polce Captain Charles W. Magaha said there w i s blood all over the house. Two bullet holes were found in an upstairs floor, not far from a pool of blood. Magaha said there is evi- dence showing Pittinger was subjected to beatings and oth- er torture for three hours as the men tried t? wring from him the secret it where he kept his valuables. They must have finally made him tell. Police said they were told his worth of govern- ment bonds were missing from their hiding place and that 'everything of value" in the house apparently is gone. 728 Miners Trapped By Earth Cave-In New Cumnock, Scotland Rescue teams worked at top speed today to open an escape tunnel for 128 miners trapped 700 feet down and threatened with drowning in a river of mud. "There are reasonable hopes for the trapped a Mineworkers' union otlicial said in Edinburgh. The miners were entombed last night when a rain-soaked surface the size of a football field sank into the workings of the Knock- _-----------------.. Castle colliery, 30 miles Isouth of Glasgow. The sodden earth 'mass cut oft their path to the exit. Rescuers trieki all night and through the morning to clear dan- Igerous gas fumes from an adjoining Imine tunnel so they could cut jthrough a 30-foot wall of coal sepa- irating them from their imprisoned Langer Denies Reds Control Farmers Union assertion by Walker well knew the South Ko- T-eans' difficulties and did his best to remedy them. He also knew Communists appear to have taken over the Farmers the farm 'organization promptly denied co-workers. The entombed men were in tele- I phone communications with the pit [head. "We are in good one of them reported. None was reported injured and telephone reports from the men this morning indicated they were getting enough air. Eight miners on the pit-shaft side well that the burden was in its wake today an ex- sive But he was forced to takejtra-fat Congressional Record. of the cave-in escaped. One of these the risk, because he did not have; A battery of 35 linotype machines ones- John Stevenson, 56, enough American troops to relieve] was to work last nt to put ln whosa son was trapped, toid news- our allies, by shortening the South' Korean sector of the defense peri- Attempt to Rap U.S. Air Attacks In Korea Beaten By Stanley Johnson Lake Success Russia, slapped down in an attempt to get the United Nations security coun- cil to condemn "barbaric" U. S. Air Forcrt bombing in Korea, pre- pared today to try to sneak Com- munist China through the U. N. back door. Russian Delegate Jacob A. Mal- ik set the scene by maneuvering the council into voting to consider Monday a Soviet bid to invite a I Chinese Red representative to sit iin while the council considers Peiping's charges of U. S. bomb- ings in Manchuria and aggression against Formosa. The council voted yesterday, 7-3, to take up the question of Red Chinese participation in that de- bate at its next session. The Unit- ed States abstained in line with its policy of letting other U. N. membei-K decided the question of Red China's representation at Lake Success. The vote in favor of the Russian proposal followed a 9-1 defeat of a Sovie: resolution denouncing United states air action in Korea as a violation of the rules of war- fare. Yugoslavia abstained. China Reds Debated Council consideration of Malik's proposal to invite Red China for the Manchuria-Formosa de b a t e does not directly affect the Peiping government's chances of supplant- ing the Chinese Nationalist rep- resentatives in the U. N., but it creates a situation filled with in- ternational and domestic political dynamite for the American .admin- istration. A U. S. vote against the proposal might be interpreted as an attempt to muzzle the Peiping accusers; a U. S. vote for it might be viewed as a softening in America's op- position to the Chinese Commu- nists. meter. This ___ may surprise people at home, who heard the President's recent announcement that we have five American divisions in Korea. type the reply of just one man. Senator Langer (R.-N. Bridges told the Senate yesterday that Communists often have boast- ed that they had been successful in their efforts to take over the or- "We went along to a turning about 100 yards from the pit bottom and were met by oozing sludge which WC1C 111CY WJ wvi.ii.lb J.MMOl. iJlUlliOO UJl ft viuu l_'i i t galU UiC n.CU Ui t C HJ came through with a burst and He told Malik that no one out-i Iedged his organization to raise on TaegU, main allied base on the Proposal that Secretary of State Unfortunately: however, "thiT an! ganization. and he added: rW4ment merelv provoked the] "The Fanners Umon so consist- E0in-' line in'Korea to grim, ently espouses Communist causes, mie o i men in------ coarse laughter. Present troop strength cannot be discussed in de- tail but the realities of the situa- tion may be suggested by having a look at the past. _ Using the word "division in the same way, the Presi- dent might have said a month ago that we had three divi- (Continucd on Page 7, Column 3) ALSOP 5 Air Guard Groups Called Five U. S. Marine tanks line up west of Ycngsan to blast enemy positions in the hills in the background as Reds were driven back towards the Naktong river. Another tank stands in reserve in a ditch, lower center, as a knocked out Red tank burns between huts at the right. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ______ Israel Seeks American Aid Economic Situation Termed Critical Jerusalem Israeli govern- ment officials today approached the Jewish new year with fresh pleas for American help and prayers that the Korean conflict would not flare into a world war. I "The ground is burning under our feet and it is up to you to save Foreign Minister Moshe Red Drive Stalls In Korean Storm Britain's council Sir Americans Stop Attack Seven j Miles From Taegu I By Russell Brines Tokyo Allied troops hack- ed out slight gains at opposite ends of the rain-lashed Korean war front Friday against dangerously Sharett told an economic confer- rebuilding Rrd forces, ence attended by 50 leading rattle fighting- took place on the Ameri- Nortb Marines Ask Johnson Be Ousted Washington The Marine __ i_i t j i_ v 1 ti "-r> X'-lLLle During the bitter debate whichiican businessmen and Jewish i90-mile battleline. receded the council's rejection of Jm. spokesmen. surmised this meant lolib-'c T-ncnli'ti.iTi TRntfl-ln'c Sir! ._ v To this and other gravely-wordedjKorean buildup during the lull for Corps League today demanded the r, nfa new offensive smash. ouster of Secretary of Defense A U. S. Eighth Army spokesman Johnsoni defeated jBrooklyn, N. Y., president of the] Zionist organization of America, :s the drive by men I Washington Air Guard groups comprising 5 000 to men and about 350 planes soon will be called to active duty. The Air Fore; yesterday set this first call-up of Air Guard units for the near future. It declined to Iden- tify thi, units. Once the units are placed on ac- tive duty, unit members will be given 30" days m which to report. There will be four fighter bomb- er groups and one tactical recon- naissance group. They are equip- ped with F-47 Thunderbolts and F-51 Mustang fighters and F-84 jet planes. Ihfc Air Force said the five units will be assigned primarily icr close of ground troops. Altogeth- er the National Air Guard has 84 squadrons. 72 of them listed as fighter squadrons. St. Cloud Man Held in Accident Chicago Richard I. Rose- mark, 43. St. Cloud, Mirni., an Army major, was arrested on four charges here yesterday when his car jumped a curb and struck John Lenehan. 59. Chicago, a pedestrian. Rosemark will appear in safety court September 21 on charges of drunken driving, leaving the scene of an accident, driving on a side- walk, and driving without a proper license. Lenehan was not seriously hurt. 104 Polio Victims At Kenny Institute parrots Communist propaganda and refuses to denounce Communists or their activities as to preclude the possibility of accident or coinci- dence." James P. Patton, president of the organization, replied in Denver that he knows of no one "who has re- sponsibility in our national or state organizations who is a member of the Communist party." Patton said he has frequently de- nounced Communism. In Washington, the organization: Issued a statement in Patton's namej calling Bridges' charges "a lie" and i saying, "It is significant that the .smear was mouthed from the im- Ijnunity of the Senate floor." Sena- tors cannot be sued for anything I they say on the floor. Senator Humphrey (D.-Minn.) re-, plied to Bridges, too. He called the speech politics" and said it contained "warmed over biscuits, same old junk, same old bunk." had to run for our lives." Stevenson said they rang an alarm bell and then got out up the main shaft. Relatives of the trapped men stood around the pithead throughout the night in grim-faced, whispering groups. VA Plans Second Insurance Dividend Washington The Veter- ans Administration (VA) said today it plans to start paying the second dividend on veter- ans' insurance 01; January 1, 195J. Dividends will be paid as each policy's anniversary date comes aloiip and will cover the three-ynar period since 1948, The dividend total will prob- ably not be announced until this December, but the VA said it will be far below the refunded this year. The actual dividend rate per of insurance is yet te be determined. Mde the Soviet Union and three years haps there was some discreet j ,d th Israeli government seek piue even there _- 'believe in the states_ 1m when he said in 1939 thati f Prance and Britain invaded Ger-i The vanguard of 25 delegates many. And when the Soviet prime min- ister asserts that the United States is the aggressor in Korea, Jebb declared, "Nobody outside the So- viet Union believes him today." Jebb Defends U. S. The Briton, spurning Russia's charges that the U, S. was Indulg- ing In "barbarous and atrocious" aerial bombardments of non-com- batants in Korea, said: "The responsibility for the. con- tinuation of this war, with all its (horrors, rests on those who caused jit." I He did not mention Russia by jname. but there was little doubt in the chamber whom he meant. I Jebb's statement followed a de- fense of the American and U. N. [position by Deputy U. S. Repre- Ernest A. Gross. I Gross said U. N. authorities had made every effort possible to pro- tect civilians during air raids on North Korea and contrasted this with what he called North Korean violations of the rules of warfare. The American delegate said that the U. S. had "indisputable proof" that Korean Reds had shot "un- and bound prisoners." He started home by plane yesterday. The rest are to return Monday. Israel's "critical" economic con- dition has been the focal point of the conference. With the country's currency circulation skyrocketing and its foreign exchange holdings tumbling, the government has an-j nounced that steps are being taken! to solve the nation's economic trou- bles. No specific moves have been disclosed to halt panic buying andj heavy bank withdrawals. In a preliminary "austerity" ges- ture, the government advised the heads of its offices not to send New Year's greetings this year for "eco- nomic reasons." It carried out, however, the distribution of calendars for the year 5711, which starts next Wednesday with the ob- servation of the Roah Hashonah holiday. In a New Year's message to American called this crimes." the "most vile You Tell One Xokyo fP) Red China's Peiping radio boasted today of the exploits of a 19-year-old North Korean. He was credit- the shooting down 13 American planes with an anti-aircraft gun. The broadcast heard here asserted that Hong Myung Kook shot down "three or four enemy planes" single-handed after an attack by jets that killed or wounded all of his comrades, It didn't say where, or under what lie shot down the others. It said Hong enlisted in the Red army last year after graduating from high school. central front, had "petered Acheson be fired. The Johnson resolution asked President Truman to replace the defense department chief "with j competent and far sighted stites- jman." I The organization of Marine vet- jerans also adopted resolutions urg- ing: 1. That the President "take im- mediate and drastic action to oust every known Communist sympa- thized, leftist and fellow traveler from the State department or any other department or government off ice where they may be found." I 2. That Congress pass legislation j providing for membership of the commandant of The Marine Corps on the joint chiefs of staff. The resolution asking tbe dis- charge of Secretary Johnson pass- ed with only one dissenting vote- that of Retired Brigadier General Robert C. Kilmartin, of Washing- rs Jewry Premie David Probably from lack of supplies and observed Zt manpower for (he pre- persons have migrated to Israeli Blinneapolis With the re- cent admission of 40 new cases, the Kenny Institute here is currently) caring for 104 poiio victims, miuistrator LeP.oy N. MacKenney reported last night. He said it was the highest count so far this year. Six of the 32 Finalists who will compete for the "Mrs. America" title at Asbury Park, N. J., pose with their respective state banners at Palisades Park, N. J. Front, left to right, are Mrs. Loretta S. Hanson, St. Glair Shores, Mich.; Mrs. Bernice van Denstock, West Des Moines, Iowa, and Mrs. .Irene H. Feilner, Naturita, Colo. Rear, left to right, are Mrs, Nell Fiola, Minneapolis; Mrs. Barbara Anne NavratU. Anderson, S. C., and Mrs. Grace S. Jeffries, Sussex, Wis. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Temperatures Near Seasonal lev- eled off to near seasonal over mostj of the nation today. They were slightly below normal in parts of the South and East Central states, where rain fell, and in the North- ern Plains states where a cool Can- adian air mass was flowing south- ward. The rain belt covered parts of Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ten- nessee, Georgia and the northern sections of Alabama and Mississippi. The rains were off-shoots from the remnants of the Florida hurricane. Heavy falls were reported in many of southern "states. WEATHER FEDERAL Winona and vicinity: Partjyi cloudy and somewhat cooler tonight- and Saturday. Low tonight 46; high; Saturday 68.' LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 51; noon, 74: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight ac sun rises to-, morrow at Additional Weather on Page 15 since its formation as a state in 1948, and that hundreds of thou- sands more are expected. "Israel is not spared grave an- xiety, but it is looking forward with robust confidence to the abil- ity to stand up to he From Switzerland, where he is vacationing, President Chaim Weiz- mann declared that all Jews should pray the Korean fight would not explode into a global war. "The world requires peace and reconstruction more urgently than he said. The Reds had pushed to within ssven miles of Taegu before the U. S. First cavalry division and South Koreans broke the back of their drive. General MacArthur's headquar- ters warned of a possible new of- fensive either in tee southwest, north or east. The buildup seemed greatest the southern coastal approaches to Pusan port, chief Allied base In Korea. In Masan port, 27 airline miles (Continued on Pagfi 13, Column 2) KOREA ton. When the resolution proposing Secretary Acheson's removal was submitted, Kilmartin gained the floor to remind de league that "President Truman asked our sup- port and we ought to give it." Clay Nixon, Seattle, league com- mandant, supported the Acheson removal resolution. He said Sen- ator McCarthy (R.-WiS.) has "put the finger on Reds in the State department and there are still a lot of them ia the secretary of state's office. Acheson has a lot to account and apologize for. I hope you vote to get rid of men Board Votes 5 to 1 Against Construction Rejection Made Over Protests by Council, Residents By Adolph Bremer Over strenuous protests by city council and Glen View prop- erty owners, the board of muni- cipal works (water board) yester- day afternoon.voted 5-1 to reject the addition's application for wa- ter service. Only President William P. Brown voted against Commission- er R. M. Tolleson's motion to turn down the request of Robert Leicht, the hcmesite developer; the city council, and the 24 families who have purchased lots there. Some of them have started their nomes, and one is living there. About 15 of the Glen View prop- erty owners joined six aldermen at the meeting yesterday, which was marked by sharp attacks against the board and little re- sponse. There were immediate reactions to the board's decision, which of- ficially confirmed a stand that it had taken informally months ago: 1. At the close of the mcet- iiif, Mr. Leicht Immediately asked for special council meeting. Council President William P. Theurer said the situation would be discussed next Monday night. He added the city could build ihe mains to out of its general fund and then turn them over to the wa- ter board for operation "but that's Just they want." Z. The five who voted for re- jecting the request took some Terbal abuse. One woman, on completion of the roll call vote, exclaimed -Immediately, "I think Just terrible." The aldermen and property own- murmured among them- selves in tbe city building cor- ridor for ien minutes, while the water board mem- bers stayed within the water department office. When they did come out, sor-.e of the members suffered verbal abuse. A particular object was Commissioner William J. Thurow. Some of the more irate property owners said that his vote waii particularly un- fortunate because he is also a, member of the Winona Hous- ing and Redevelopment au- thority. One shouted at Com- missioner William Hardt that he was the "worst." J. One alderman, recalling an unsuccessful attempt sev- eral ago to eliminate the water board, suggested that this might be a pood time to start such a movement 4. One woman told her hus- band, "We're stopping con- struction on our house right now." 5. Mayor Cy Smith, who sits on the board as an ex-officio member and makes appoint- ments to the board as may- or, commented, "X just can't help but feel they made a mis- take. All we can do now, how- ever, Is study to see what can be done about the situation." 6. Last n'.ght tbe Winona Civ- ic association voted to send let- ters, urging water main ex- tensions, to the water board and the city council. Voting for rejection were Com- missioners Tolleson, Hardt, Ches- ter Lulzaszewski, Chauncey Borzys- kowski and Thurow. Thurow wasn't anxious to cast his vote. When his turn came up on Secretary H. C. Ahrens' call-, he indicated that he'd like more time to consider. Tolleson immediately prompted, "It has to be'either 'yes' or 'no.'." So he voted, a vote against the extensions. Delegation Kept Waiting Property owners and aldermen who counsel wrongly." The Ache-ldia. most of the talking at the son resolution was easily defeat- ed. 'Fate of World' Rests on Aid For Middle-Aged, Experts Say By Frank Carey Associated Press Science Reporter State College, "fate of the world depends" on expansion of the science of treating people from middle along- psy- chological a New York psychologist said today. It is particularly important, said Dr. George Lawton, that psychological and mental hy- giene services be made widely available used by- middle-aged and elderly people who hold positions of power in government, education, labor and Industry. But it is also important that such, services be available. lor and used by all persons in the second half of only to help them live well adjusted lives but to offset any damaging emotion effects they might have upon children in their midst in case the older persons them- selves need guidance. In a report to the American Psychological association's an- nual meeting on the campus of the Pennsylvania State college, Lawton said: "In nearly all our institutions industry, educa- is initiated, and con- trolled by individuals in the middle and older age range. "A small number of individ- uals in the older age group- through the decision to make war, use or not use the atomic bomb or hydrogen the power to determine life or death for millions." Some of these people, he saiO, are well adjusted with, effec- tively organized personalities, but others, he said, have "aged unsuceesslully" Jrom the emo- t.ional yet re- Lain their power to initiate and control policy. As to the importance of men- tal health services for all peo- ple irom middle age on, he said "most .psychological problems originate in the adult, but re- veal themselves in the children of this adult." "We can do as much or more to help a child it we treat his parent or let him if we treat him ,tnd leave the parent untouch- sd." arief meeting, and the discussion was mostly a renewal of argu- ments heard previously.. The board made the delegation wait until all routine board busi- ness had been transacted. President Theurer, acting as spokesman, reminded the water board again that sometime ago the council and the board had agreed that wherever the council ex- tended sewers the board would ex- tend water mains. He also reminded President Brown that last spring when council opened bids on sewers for Glen View, hs had called the board president. The board president had said then that if there'd be any objection to putting water mains out to Glen View, that an appear- ance would be made at the next meeting. No appearance was inade. "Did I say President Brown asked. said President Theurer. "I didn't have any business say- ing the water board presi- dent replied. President Theurer also told the board members that the working: agreement between the council ana the board is important to the coun- (Continned on Pace 15. Column 3) GLEN VIEW
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