Saturday, September 2, 1950

Winona Republican Herald

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 2, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy Tonight and Sunday VOLUME 50, HO. 168 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER FOURTEEN PAGES njuresSO Max Conrad stands by his lijht plane at Teterboro, N. J., shortly before taking off for Old Town, Maine, on the first leg of his flight to Switzerland. Conrad took off for Labrador later this morning after reaching Old Wirsphoto to The Republican-Herald.) TOD4Y- Johnson Defends His Record Labrador Next Stop For Max Conrad Mid-afternoon today Max Conrad expected to set his light plane down at Goose Bay, Labrador, to end the first lap of his over-the- Atlantic trip. At a. m. today (Winona time) Conrad took off from Old Town, Maine, where he had spent two hours refueling aud preparing for the Terrified Reds Flee All Along Korean Front Allied Troops, Airmen, Navy Rout Attackers By Relman Morin Tokyo remnants of two Communist divisions fled in rout today as tank-led Allied in- fantrymen attacked at vital points all along the 120-mile Korean front. The fleeing Reds left dead and wounded as they splashed across the Nam river before at- tacking U. S. 25th division troops in. the southwest. The 25th regain- ed all its old positions. The flight snapped off the south- ern prong of the war's biggest of- fensive, launched by Reds now on the battlelines. The other prong was blunted by reinforced U. S. Second di- vision infantrymen who smash- ed back Into flamins Yongsan and retook dominating hills to the west on the 25th division's northern flank. By Stewart Alsop mile flight to Goose Bay. Washington Secretary of pe- weather was excellent, and Conrad figured he would be in fense Louis Johnson's recent open Better to Representative Anthony Tauriello, defending his record, a choice of deed the distortions of fact are so obvious, snd the bombast so pe- culiarly meaningless, tiiat it al- most seems likely that Johnson wrote the letter himself. If not, he should certainly hire a new ghost. Leaving aside the oceans of guff, Johnson's self-defense apparently rests mainly on two points. One is a comparison between American military strength in March, 1948, and June, 1350. The other Is a Goose Bay in seven hours. His Piper carries a man life raft, a Gibson radio trans- mitter and emergency rations. Yesterday the Pacer encountered bad weather again. Conrad took off from Teterboro, N. J., yesterday, headed for Old Town 650 mUesj away, but he had to set down nearj Newburyport, Mass., because of thej weather. He flew out of Newburyport about 5 a, m. today and was in Old Town lengthy quotation from a speech, jby 6 a. m.. central standard time delivered last April 4 by the ablej Although Conrad's flight to Swit- chairman of the House armed Berv-izerland began In Minneapolis last ice committee, Carl Vinson. he really expected jSunday, today's flight to Labrador the first lap that really takes fense to oe taW seriously: Jota- him out of the United son must have made two peculiar from now. assumptions. He must have assum- ed that no one would remember that he became secretary of de- fense, not in March, 1948, but in March, 1949. And he must have assumed that no one had bothered, or ever would bother, to read Yin- son's speech. Unfortunately for Johnson, however, a ministry of truth, as described In George Orwell's book, has not yet been established in the United States to ex- punge the inconvenient facts of the past. One of these facts is that even beio'-e March, 1948; and right up I western passenger tram here, to the moment Johnson succeeded! Killed was Alvm Westhmd, 54. U. S. Casualties C Billion TaX Hike Reach in POUT DIIIIOI1 I dX I IIK.S Korean Conlto By Jack Bell Washington Senate approval shoved a tax boost bill well on its way to final enactment today but it's apparently only the forerunner of an even deeper dig next January into tax- payers' pocketbooks. The Senate wrapped up the stop-gap money raising bill by voice vote passage last night, after a ten-hour session of clubbing down most of a long series of Fair Attendance Nears Million St. Paul Already ahead of record-setting 1947 figures, the! Minnesota State fair today march- Washington of kin have been notified of U. S. casualties in Korea through August 25, the Defense department announced yester- day. The figure -does not include all casualties suffered up to that date, because of the time lag in receiving reports and notifying relatives. Of the total, 443 were killed in action, were wounded Tht: bill now must be cleared through a Senate-House conference I but that may not take place for Army men; nine were Navy; 65 were Marine Corps, and 25 were Air Force. posal by Senators O'Mahoney (D.-jmark ,n Us fiml jwyo.) and Connally levy. Chairman Block Reds With Might, Says Truman By Douglas E. Cornell Washington Tru- man's call for a man American fighting force to block __.........._ jtlie path of Communist aggression Dor dsy recess until then to meet pointed today toward _ greaterjwith senators to work out a com- Labor day vacation. Excess Prcfits The bill's sponsors had to give some ground. They agreed to write in a promise to clap an excess profits tax on corporations next January and make it effective back either to October 1 or July J., 1950. j This was a substitute for a toward the million attendance Mode! Railroad Fans' Holiday Ends in Tragedy days_ es closed last Dight for an immediate, excess protitsion the exposition's seventh day, persons had paid admis- ___________ George (D.-Ga.) ofjsjons. This was above the the Senate finance committee, who mark set in the first week piloted the big bill through a tnree years ago. sometimes stormy Senate, told re- porters it will have to wait now until September 11. He said members of the House ways and means committee won't be back in Washington from a La- But the Reds were reported draft spending, higher taxes and larger massing tanks three miles west of Yongsan, apparently preparing for a new push. The veteran 24th division reap- peared st the opposite end of the front in a double four mile drive north of the port of Pohang. Tanks paced 'the attack against stubborn Reds. Other Actions In other United Nations offen- sives: South Koreans almost en- circled Kigye, northwest of Po- hang, and pushed Reds back north of Taegu, central U. N. communi- cations center. The U. S. First cavalry attacked a key height west General Favoring Bombing Russ Now Suspended By C. Tales McDaniel Washington Firing of a top Air Force general for offering to attack Russia made it abund- antly clear today the administra- tion 'intends to squelch all official talk of waging a. preventive war. The Air Force moved fast yes- The B-29s slammed .msnpnriino. MRior Gen- 200 tons of bombs at three mam of B-2s> Superforts from Okinawa Yet the plan for a broader mo promise. When the House passed the bill weeks ago, before the Ko- rean war outbreak, it was a tax announced in a world-1 reducing measure, wide broadcast last night, drew Senator Lucas of Illinois, quick pledges of congressional sup- Democratic leader, said the [ference will delay a congressi the Friday attendance was compared with registered on that same day of 1947. That year, the record gate was In hoping for the million-person gate, fair officials looked for a rec- ord turnout over the Labor day weekend. Auto racing in front of the grandstand wili. be the lure Sunday and Monday, as it was today. one spokesman remind- ed, "races or not we're at the n-! mercy of the weather port. iforpnr.p will delav a attendance goes." The promises piled in irom ne- mivu onri -warmpr publicans, from Democrats who, Further Tax Hikes I Of fair and warmer. Prediction Steele county won the 4-H team Collision Occurs 9 Miles From Downtown Area A model railroad fans' holiday convention opened tragically today when at least 8 delegates were killed and an esti- mated 50 injured in a head-on crash of two interurban trains. The collision, about nine miles from downtown Milwaukee, was be- tween two special two-car excursion trains of the Milwaukee Rapid Tran- sit and Speedrail Company. Dele- gates to the annual convention of the National Model Railroad asso- ciation had leased them for a sight- seeing trip. The forward cars of the two elec- trified trains were smashed to bits as one telescoped into the other, splitting the sides back like a bana- na peel. The rear coaches of both trains remained on the tracks. One of the trains, operated hy Jay Maeder, president of the rail- road, was returning from its trip to suburban Hales Comers. The other was ea route there. Both trains wers traveling on the same track. The known dead were identified as: Huntley C. Burroughs, Detroit. Charles J. Sulzabach, Minneap- olis. William Roberts, Saylors, S. C. Marian Kratt, about 40, Chicago. John Williams, Park Ridge, HI. back the administration and George said the Senate-approv-: judging contest last Democrats who buck it. Jed Wll will be only the first gig stone county jn! Emil H. Some, like Senator Lodge (R.- on taxpayers m an effort to keep fl Murray county William Greenaway, Louisville, saw plan as helpful in he rising costs rearm ng a group Ma avoiding a world war. Some weren't sure it goes far enough. Senator McClellan (D.-Ark.) said he agrees "We need nv-in, and probably mare." far as possible on a pay-as-you go basis. "I expect the President will ask for from W more in taxes by January, made up of Jim Grass, Wayne Ky. William A. Wight, Wauwatosa. 'further increases -may be rtq'uir- to "arm ourselves more joined the heavy American air tack in direct support of. ground! _ _- n A11U IjU UUUCJ.VC.3 troops. The Air Force's lull] itkl he said we must step strength was thrown into the at-1 fa- j production of guns tack by its Far East Lieutenant General George E. terday in suspending Major Gen- eral Orvil A. Anderson as com- .mandant of the Air War college, After Labrador he'll stop at! Montgomery, Ala, Anderson had Greenland, Iceland and Scotland! just been quoted as saying he'd before reaching Switzerland, wherejwelcome an order to smash Rus- his wife and nine children willjsia's atomic bomb stocks. The Anderson incident followed meet him. That will probably be a rebuke earlier this week from Hospital Patient Killed by Train Rochester, Minn. Min- neapolis rfan who has been a. pa- tient at the Rochester state hcs- pital 17 years was killed today when lie was struck by a North i President Truman and the -State I department to Secretary of the Na- jvy Matthews. The secretary had given a speech sayinc this country should be T-'illine to start a war if necessary io compel co-operation for peace. And to make everyone un- him in March, 1949, James For- restal (in whose mantel Johnson is now rather unbeautifully at- tempting to drape hhnself) was trying desperately to increase the level of American strength. Be- cause of the arbitrary budget lim- its imposed by President Truman, Forrestal's efforts met with par- tial failure a failure which tor- tured and contributed to his end. But Forrestal's failure was only partial, and by the time Johnson' took over, there had al- realy been very real increases in being or authorized. It was this increased strength which Johnson immediately beiran to hack away when he took over from Forrestal in March, 1949 which oi course explains why John- son chose March. 1948, instead of the later date. Moreover, the ex- tent of the Johnsonian hacking was fully documented in the very speech from which Johnson quot- ed in his self-defense. This seems dificult to believe, but the speech is there, in the Congressional Rec- ord, for all to read. Vinson did. as Johnson claimed, credit Johnson with real economies of about Johnson has al- ways been credited in this space wilh about this much real But then Vinson on to demonstrate that the great bulk of the Johnsoni- an "economies" added up to "reductions in an amount of about 1.5 billion dollars in the fighting- capabilities of ou r armed forces." Authorities said the train hit West- lund on the railroad's righi of way Red concentration points back of the western Chin- ju and Koohang. Results were "ex- cellent." An Eighth Army communique summarized the ground situation thus: "United States -forces were holding their positions or counter- attacking the enemy." Front line reports from Associ- ated Press Correspondents Stan Swinton and Bern Price, contain- big later information, gave this picture the two main sectors in the southwest: 25th Division The U. S. 25th division regained all the positions it held before the tanks, planes and other military equipment, increase stockpiles of vital materials, expand war pro- duction capacity, work hard and sacrifr.ee, give up many things we enjoy, With this program, the President derstands how the administration (North Koreans struck out of the feels about the matter, President darkness Thursday night. Swinton Truman included these words in his nationwide broadcast last night on the Korean war: "We do not believe in aggres- through the hospital grounds. The engineer, L. J. Collins oi Waseca, told oificers that. West- isive or preventive war. Such war is the weapon of dictators, not of free democratic countries like the lund was walking on the track. Collins said he sounded the train's! whistles and that the man got off.j Secretary Matthews is still in of- United States. We are arming on- defense but siepped onto the tracks again just before the train reached him. Dr. T. O. Wellner, county coro- ice. The professional fate of Gen- eral Anderson i; still to be decid- ed. The Air Force said only thai ner said an autopsy will be per- he had been suspended pending a formed. It hasn't been decided yet determination of the facts about an whether an inquest will be he gave yesterday to the the coroner said. iMcntgomery Advertiser. G. E. Plants Facing Nation-Wide Strike New huge General Electric company, already struck at several eastern plants, faces a coast-to-coast walkout Tuesday by the said the Reds left dead on the field and estimated another were wounded. The Reds broke anc Hed across the Nam river, Swintoa reported. The Eighth Army said one American force, still attacking, had driven a mile west of Haroan, recaptured forward bastion guard- ing the gateway to Pusan, major U. N. supply base 35 air miles to the east. Confused fighting had swirled around Haman earlier in the day. Price, in the other main sec- tor, reported "strong O. S. Sec- ond division counterattacks ap- peared to have broken the North Korean sma.sh east of the Naktong river." He said the two southern ele- This would put a tax burden county second, and Cottonwood on most citizens heavier than they county third. High individual scor- carried in World War II, the ers were Charles Ripley of Wlnne- outlays were met by heavy gov-iDago and Marilyn Hamilton, Maple eminent borrowings, as well as by plain. taxes. As the bill passed the Senate, Ronald Smallridge, 11. of St. Paul Park, won the 4-H garden it would hike individual income contest 'after his mother canned taxes by about a an estimated worth of pro- year. It would add duce from the plot he cultivated, in corporation taxes and pick up I more millions by plugging loop-i coupled a warning to Russia j holes in the tax laws. against underestimating American! For individuals, the first effects might the way Hitler and the Jap- anese generals did. We have the ability and resources, he said, and make no mistake about that, America's armed strength has been about The previous of the new measure if it gets] final approval of Congress would be an Increase in withholding le- vies on wages and salaries. They would jump from the present 15] per cent to 18 percent on October ments of the division had re-es-lsaid, "has reached its and tablishd a solid line after beating back Reds who had split them apart. At Yongsan, wbsrs :.he Reds j crush the invaders. Our forces and had driven eight and one-half the United Nations command, he miles in tlieir deepest penetration, the Eighth Army said fighting re- sulted "in a United States victory.'' Knutson and Reuben Ebeling, all] The forward car of one train tele- of Owatonna, and Jim Carlton, SCOped into the first car of the Medford. lother, trapping many of the passen- ,nu jjj jjajry judging, the Hennepiniggi-s. The second, car of both trains Mr. Truman, himself, said or possibly George said. team was first, Faribault remained upright on the tracks: The facilities of Milwaukee County General hospital and County Emergency hospital were strained to capacity with the injured. The onrush of patients prevented attendants from determining the ex- tent of individual injuries. V.F.W. Urges Crack-down On U. S. Reds Chicago The Veterans of Foreign Wars urged yesterday that any public servant responsible for Communist infiltration be driven from office "and punished to the fullest extent of the law." In a resolution adopted at the closing session of its 51st national encampment, the V. F. W. said many servicemen were court-mar- tialed and sentenced to long pri- son, terms "for deeds less grave than the sordid incidents of Alger Hiss, Julius Wadleigh, Judith Cop- Ion, the Amerasia case, Klaus Fuchs, Gerhart Eisler and others." The convention voted to "de- mand for the safety of the Ameri- can public now, and our future citi- zens, the following questions be answered by those officials elect- ed to represent us and into whose hands we have placed our nation- al safety and security. "1. Why was the United States sold out at Yalta and by whom? "2. Who put Alger Hiss and Juli- us Wadleigh in our State depart- ment; Judith Coplon in the Justice department; Harry Dexter White in the Treasury department? Who goal has been an increase toll, if the measure becomes law in around by the middle of [time, next year. Ready Support The ready support in Congress for a still higher figure cries of opposition were entirely lacking in the first reaction underscored another clenched-tisi presidential warning: "There will be no profit for any people who follow the Communist dictatorship down its dark and bloody path." The President spoke last night {ler "santa Rosa, Calif., "home in from the White House. Mair.ly, it was to tell the American people about objectives, and why five American divisions some men are fighting in far Korea. If aggression were allowed to succeed in Korea, Mr. Truman ex- plained, it would be "an open in- vitation to new acts of aggression elsewhere." he said, "is the front line in the struggle between free- dom and tyranny." The Red invasion, the President we now have a "firm base" in South Korea with the next job to largest of its warring unions. Nearly of the union members are already out in New York and of them from a jet aircraft engine plant. Another are set to walk off their jobs in three days, including 400 at the atomic energy piant thati said, are confident that will be done. There was an assurance that the jKorean conflict will net flame in- Columns of Tanks to a general war unless "Com- The Second division, with fresh munist imperialism" pulls in oth G.E. runs for the government to about five cents an Schenectady, N. Y. The new strike was called yestei- day by the C.I.O. International Union of Electrical Workers (I.U.E.) for more pay and pensions. Last minute concessions by both sides failed to close the bargaining gap. The I.U.E. has nearly mem- "I want to state in 51 G.E. plants in 25 cities, continued Vinson. "that in myjwith a dominant membership in 32 judgment Mr. Johnson's economy sciiipeJ has cut, .into the sinew and muscle of the armed services." The Vinson speech deserves to be (Continued on Page 12, Column 3.) ALSOP m No Paper Monday In keeping with the cessation of business through- out the na.tJon Monday, Labor day, The Republican-Herald will omit publication. of the factories. Jurnes B. Carey, the I.U.E.'s ad- ministrative chairman, said the un- icn is willing to meet with the com- pany "anywhere and at any time" to talk terms. He said the strike call could have hour. Carey, who said all pre-strike terms were off, said the I.U.E. is now demanding: 1. Ten cents an hour over the present rate. (A total of 15 cents an hour including the July 1 raise.) 2. Reinstatement of a cost-of-liv- ing bonus. 3. Profit sharing for production workers wherever they were re- moved in 1947. 4. Three-week vacations after 10 years instead of after 20, 5. Tvro new holidays, bringing the total to eight. 6. Pay the employes' two per cent reinforcements and thundering col- umns of tanks, smashed head-on into a North Korean attack Satur- day morning and shattered it. Its momentum carried the Amer- icans into Yongsan. A.P. Corres- pondent Don Huth said, the town averted if General Electric pension contribution. had agreed to pay the workers' two per cent pension contribution. All other issues were tentatively settled earlier this week, he'added. In a last-minute concession yesterday, the company offered to double a three per cent raise it granted July 1. The three per cent Lemuel B. Boulware, vice-presi- dent in charge of employe re- lations, ridiculed the I.U.E. strike call yesterday, and said that at Syracuse workers already had passed the I.U.E. picket lines. The union said these were mostly non- union office employes. er armies and governments. Along with this, as separate parts of an eight point statement of "our aims and our went a plea to Communist-dominated China to stay out of the Korean scrap and word to the world that was in flames as the tanks rolled [America wants only peace for all into it. They disappeared in clouds of smoke. The infantry followed in the dust churned up by tank treads. They pushed on under a blazing sun to storm and take- dominating hills west of the smouldering town. A Second division spokesman told Price late Saturday night the Red foices have broken up into small groups. Denouncing Russia by name, the chief executive said there are threats to aggression elsewhere than in Korea, so we must expand our armed .forces and keep them larger "for a long time to come." WEATHER The successful American coun- terattacks in the southwest com- pletely disrupted the North Korean timetable. Red battle orders call- ed for capture of Masun, eight miles southeast of Hamar, by Sun- day. The drive through Yongsan was aimed at cutting the vital Pu- san-Taegu highway carrying sup- plies to all U. N. forces in the northwest. Saturday night the Reds were far from both objectives and 1 losing ground. I FEDERAL Winona and vicinity: Party cloudy tonight and Sunday. Not much change in temperature. Low tonight 58; high Sunday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; minimum 58; noon, 74; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 12. Guard Plane Flies Patient to Mayo Rochester, Minn. Mrs. Al- ma Stewart was hospitalized here today after a mercy flight from a Utah National Guard plane night. Mrs. Stewart, a victim of arth- ritis, is unable to sit up or eat. She will be treated by Mayo Clinic physicians. Mrs. Stewart was tak- en to St. Mary's hospital by am- bulance here by her nurse, Lansey Nelsted. Captain Raymond S. Jones, the senior of four Salt Lake City, Utah, fliers aboard the ship, said he ex- pected thp return trip would be made today. The Utah Air Guard is training at Santa Rosa. Mrs, Stewart is the wife of Stan- ley Stewart, assistant advertising manager of the Santa Rosa Press- Democrat. S. About Ready To Talk Over Jap Peace Treat? Washington Five years after Japan's surrender, prepara- tions for a Japanese peace treaty have reached a stage where the United States is about ready to talk terms with other Pacific war victors. Qualified diplomatic informants said today preliminaries have been completed in readiness for the New York meeting of the western big three. What to do next about Japan is one of the major decisions con- fronting Secretary of State Ache- son and the British and French foreign ministers when their three- day talks start September 12. Whether the administration fa- vors going ahead with the drafting without Soviet Russia and Com- munist they are invited or refuse to take one of the unanswered questions about the American official posi- tion. But authorities made it clear there is now a definite intention to press for prompt action, and that long standing differences between the Star." and Defense departments have been ironed out. Police Release Woman Cooped up for 25 Years Watertmry, Conn. A woman who neighbors thought died 12 years, ago was found here today, an apparent pri- soner, police said, of her broth- er. The woman, 50-year-old Eli- zabeth Galligau, investigators reported, may have been a pri- soner for as long as 25 years. A tip from puzzled neighbors led police to the home of the woman's brother, Bernard Gal- ligan, 60. The neighbors, said Police Inspector Joseph R. Bendier, reported that they thought they had seen the woman at a window during the past few days although they had been led to believe that she died 12 years ago. A five-man police squad headed by Bendier went to the Galligan home this morning. In reply to an inquiry as to his sister's whereabouts, po- lice reported, Galligan, without iv word, opened the door to a small back room. Elizabeth, a gray-haired wo- man with a bobbed haircut and dressed entirely in black, was seated on a bed. Two windows in the room were closed and the window shades were drawn to within an inch of the bot- tom. The room was dark and dirty, police said. Miss Galligan was described as "awed" at the sight of buses and trucks as police took her from the house to police head- quarters. They questioned the woman's brother under a holding charge of breach of the peace. The early questioning, police reported, developed no expla- nation of why the woman had been kept to the house. Neither was there any ex- planation from police at, to why they believed Miss Galligan may have been held captive for as long as 25 years. put the 91 degenerates in the State department and kept them there? Who was responsible for the aban- donment of China to the Commun- ists? Who decided Formosa has no strategic importance and what is the complete story of Amer- Early Weekend Mishaps Kill 42 By The Associated Press Holiday accidents claimed their first 42 victims by noon Saturday as the nation began a three-day Labor day weekend. Thirty-nine persons died in high- way accidents, ous by drowning, and two in miscellaneous mishaps from 6 p. m. local time Friday. The National Safety Council has predicted that 435 persons will die in automobile accidents alone by midnight Monday. Some vehicles are expected to jam the roads during the. weekend. The predicted toll would surpass the 410 'traffic dead of last Labor day weekend. That figure was record toll for the holiday.