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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archive: August 30, 1950 - Page 1

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Publication: Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 30, 1950, Winona, Minnesota                              Partly Cloudy, Little Change In Temperature The Proof of FM Superiority fs In the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 16S FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 30, 1950 TWENTY PAGES Reds Storm Approaches to Pohang LOOK AT THE A portion Of the huge crowd that watched the Dailey Brothers circus arrive here this morning, is jhown in the photo. Camels, elephants, horses and all the inter- esting props were unloaded from 25 railway cars. The Big Top had a matinee performance this afternoon and will show again tonight at the old airport grounds just west of Winona. Republican-Herald photo Senate Kills U.M.T. Until January 1st Washington The Senate armed services committee today voted eight to three to put off ac- tion on a universal military train- ing bill until next January. That Is what President Truman wanted. President Truman put Universal Military Training (U.M.T.) in cold, storage at least until January by saying again he sees no need lor Immediate action. A new drive to get Congress out of Washington by September 9 con- tributed to the general disposition to spike 0.M.T. for the time being. The President called Tydings the legBlation settled Sen :d Chairman Vinson (D.-Ga.) of Maybank confer Controls Bill Ties Prices to Wages By John Chadwick major obstacle to swift action, on anti-infla- tion legislation was out of the way today with a Senate-House com- mittee agreement on the amount ot discretion to give President Truman in imposing price-wage controls. A compromise reached late last night between separate passed by the Senate and House would allow Mr., Truman to put price controls into effect about as he saw either on Individual items or on almost everything. But if he imposed price ceilings and the House armed services commit- tee to the White House for a gen- eral discussion of defense legisla- tion yesterday. Later the White House made public Identical letters to the con- gressional chairmen. These repeat- ed President Truman's past sup- i any particular material, he" also would have to clamp- wage con- trols on the business or industry producing It, With the dispute over this part Senator -ence price control provisions of the anti- inflation bill was by May bank as "workable" and by Senator Capehart (R.-Ind.) as "a blank check" for the President. "We lost the said Cape- hart, referring to the elimination of a Senate provision to require the President to Impose wage-price controls simultaneously and vir- committee chairman, predicted tu g b d if n that remaining minor differences' would be ironed out quickly. The committee was called back to a morning session to do this. Maybank said he hoped, the revis- ed legislation would be accepted by both branches of Congress and port for TJ.M.T. but listed the dlf-jbe on its way to the President no ficulties of trying to start a vast later than Friday. military training system now. "Legislation of this character, should be placed on the statute books at an early date so that we can put it into operation as soon as the circumstances the President said, "Accordingly, I hope that your committee will con- tinue its active consideration of this legislation with a view to seek- ing- final action on it in January." Actually only the Senate com- mittee has been actively at work on U.M.T. Vinson has been wait- ing to see what the Senate would do. i Even il the U.M.T. bill should j win approval of Tydings' commit- tee it was doubtful that it could clear the Senate. Senator Byrd a mem- ber of the armed services com- mittee, told a reporter that "in view of the President's letter we ought to defer it until January." Senator Saltonstal! another committeeman, said hD favored a delay because there ap- peared little chance for House ac- tion. Senator Gurney form- er committee chairman, favored pushing ahead, however. He said "we need it as a standby law." In his letter. Mr. Truman noted that he had urged U.M.T. for five years and added: "I am just as strongly in favor of it today as I have ever been." But if U.M.T. became law to- morrow, he said "it could not pos- sibly be put into effect at because it would require many training camps "and scores of thousands of experienced military personnel." "Accordingly, it does not seem lo me immediately necessary for the Congress to enact Universal; Military Training the! President said. Shortly after Secretary of De- fense Johnson sent a U.M.T. bill, to Congress with n plea for prompt action, Mr. Truman had told his news conference he did not want a controversy over U.M.T. to de- lay emergency legislation. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday. Not much change in temperature. Low tonight 55, high Thursday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 56; noon, 70: precipitation, none: sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 16. i Once the measure is passed, Mr. voted them at all. The bill passed by the House, like the compromise, would let Mr. Truman put the controls into effect on a selective ba- sis. TJnllke the compromise, it did not direct that wage con- trols be applied at the same time. Hundreds See 25 Rail Cars Bring Circus The circus came to town today. Hundreds- of children and adults Wiretapping Charges irk Brewsfer Senator Plans Reply to Attack On His Character By G. Milton Kelly Washington Senator Brew, ster calling remarks j made about him. before a Senate committee "scandalous and utter- ly said today he plans to testify in reply. A group of senators investigating wire-tapping in Washington yester- day heard sworn testimony that a colleague once described Brewster as a "political prostitute" who v.as having his phone tapped. Brewster, in a bitter reply on the Senate floor, said "a very ques- tionable character" was "being us- ed by some ingenious minds to make personal attacks upon me." Senator Pepper (D.-Fla.) told reporters he did not re- gard Brewsttr's remarks as "an attack on the subcommit- tee" which Pepper heads. The group, a District of Columbia subcommittee, has been inquir- ing for several weeks into the prevalence of wiretapping in the capital. Pepper said Brewster is wel- come to appear before the group to make any reply he chooses. An- other committee member, Senator JNeely (D.-W. Va.) said "it would I be appropriate" for Brewster to !volunteer as a witness. But Brew-' ster said he will not seek a hearing "at this time." The incident was touched off when P e p p er's subcommittee heard testimony from Abner Lap- i 11" Allies Cling To Port City, Rip Attackers Whole Korean Front Active In Red Drive A 27th U. S. Infantry division machine gun crew covers a road somewhere in South Korea. The tank in the background is a knocked out North Korean machine. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) were on hand road crossing at Franklin street about a. m. today, despite the chilly damp weather, to watch the 25 railroad cars carrying the Dailey Brothers circus pull into town. The show arrived here from Sparta, Wis. Young and old watched the color- ful wagons and wild animal cages being transported to the old air- port grounds where tonight's big performance at 8 o'clock will be staged. The main tent will be open for an hour preceding the perform- ance, A matinee was held at 3 p, m. Acts under the big top tonight will feature wild animals, Former Caledonians Killed in Car Crash Caledonia, Rev. Harold C, Medicus of Hart- Lappin quoted the late Senator ford, S. D., and his father, Charles Medicus, both former Caledonians. Josiah W. Bailey (D.-N.C.) as pin- were killed last night in a collision of two automobiles on a gravel road ning the offensive .label..to Brew-jintersection ten miles northwest of Sioux Falls, S. D. ster and as Father Medicus, 51, was bom here'. He was ordained and said his tor. had tapped his telephone. Lappin also testified that Howard Hug-hes, wealthy west coast industrialist and movie producer, told him that "Senator Brewster was trying to blackmail him (Hughes) In- to merging his company with Pan American." Hughes' Trans World Airline is a com- petitor of Pan American Air- ways. Brewster, without mentioning any names, told the Senate in a speech that "a very questionable charac- ter about town, apparently well to the police, is being used tics and aerial artists, trained S0me ingenious minds to make first mass In St. John's church 24 years ago. from Utica, N. Y-, when a young man and lived here until 1926 when he moved to La Crosse. Only meager details of the acci-j dent have been received here. Betty Bauer, the priest's 'house- keeper who was riding with him, was taken to a hospital in Sioux Falls, seriously injured. South Dakota highway patrolmen identified Wayne Lueth of Sioux Falls as the driver of the second machine. Riding alone, he was less seriously hurt than Miss Bauer. Father Medicus had been parish t mal numbers and novelty numbers.! Truman is planning to tell the peo- "U continuous perform- pie in a fireside chat what sacri- fice they may have to make on the home front because of the Ko- rean war. Although this is expected to be the major theme of his report to the nation, a White House official said that the President also will talk about military matters and the nation's foreign policy objec- tives. The compromise over the wage- lost, other senators could revive it when the comprpmise bill goes to the Senate for final action. Maybank, however, told report- ers he thought the compromise ended the dispute. Mr. Truman did not ask gress for authority to control j wages and prices, tut he said he (Continuel on Page 16, Column B.) [trip back to winter quarters at ances In all five rings. Highlight is the shooting of Hugo as the human the mouth of a huge cannon, nearly the length of the big top. Following the show tonight circus will load up for the trip to Red Wing via the Milwaukee road. attacks "This he said, "comes By Relman Morin iflv- Red Koreans storm- ed at the wrecked gates of Pohang Wednesday night but Allied troops j clung to that eastern anchor of the Korean warfroat. The Reds paid greatly in dead men for a few yards of ground. Both sides counter-attacked at once. The death struggle for the No. 2 South Korean port on the Sea of i Japan coast committed about (000 men to the side. Another Reds rolled down from the mountains on Taegu from 18 miles to the north of the cen- tral front, city, More Communists possibly up to three divisions rushed to join the battle. By order of North Korean Pre- mier Kim II Sung the Reds have until midnight to wipe out United Nations forces by 'the end of Au- gust, They were far behind sched- ule. Allied arms triumphed over North Koreans in two smaller but furious battles. U. S. Negro and South Korean troops threw the North Koreans bloody Battle mountain near Raman, ten miles northwest of Masan port on the southern coast. Cavalry Storms Hill Ameri.can First cavalrymen stormed up the highest hill near Waegwan in an attack that jump- ed off Wednesday night. It was the eighth time in two weeks Battle mountain changed hands. It was swapped twice Wed-' nesday. The Waegwan attack was the first by the American cavalrymen in days. The whole Korean warfront, which winds 120 miles through the mountains westward from Pohang to Waegwan and then southward to the coast seemed to have come to life. Red probers tried to cross the Naktong river between Waegwan and Battle mountain. They were knocked back by U.'S. artillery _ _, 'and riflemen of the U. S. 24th in- New Orleans Wl- The Gulf {antry and First cavalry divisions. His father came here Storm Heading For Louisiana hurricane roared toward New Or leans today and was expected to strike the Louisiana coast this aft- Driest at Hartford for many years, ernoon and reach the Mississipp Sis fathor him Alabama coasts early tonight At 9.30 a_m_ (c.s.T.) it was cen -l.ij.13 HK> OrtJSJ, r j- Itnw u ,-_.. under the category of arguing Medicus at La Crosse Octoberitered 165 miles south-SQUth. right of way with a skunk, which 2> 1947- _ is never desirable, but it is even more interesting to look behind the Charles Medicus, 77, was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Medicus. CONTROLS Gonzales, Texas. east of New Orleans, the Weather bureau said. W. R. Stevens, chief forecaster of the New Orleans Weather bur- eau, said the hurricane center is expected to pass a little east of Burwood, La., this afternoon. Bur- fnvestigation to determine wheth-JFebruary 16, 1897, and they movedjwood is located in southwest pass scenes for who is pulling thejHe was employed by the Chicago, strings." the Pepper, meanwhile, said he will Milwaukee, St. Paul Pacific rail- road here for many years. He mar- propose a Department of Justice Miss Anna Kemp of Caledonia er any of the witnesses heard byito La Crosse in M26. at the mouth of the Mississippi the subcommittee to date has com-j Funeral arrangements are some 50 airline miles south mitted perjury. plete. of New Orleans. Mortars Scream, Howitzers Boom Saga of a for in Korea By Joseph Alsop With V. S. Forces in Korea Baker com- ptmy of the 27th regiment's first battalion was breakfasting in a cheerful mood. The morning was sunny but almost cool, and the men crowd- ed hungrily into their front-line mess little rocky draw that gave protection from sniper fire. When the young company commander, Cap- tain Gordon Jung, joined the chow line he was greeted with comments on the good night just passed. "Yes, we had a quiet day Jung reflectively replied. Possibly Baker company's standards of quiet- ness have been influenced by their experiences in Korea. In their first action, more than six weeks ago, they were overrun by six enemy tanks and more than infantry. Rallied by Captain Jung-, they held their postion until they could retire in groofl order, and help the rest of the battalion wipe out the attackers. That day Captain Jung: earned a recommendation for the Distinguished! Service Cross, and Baker company learned that "we was better than they ss a beardless private first class succintly ex- plained. Rattle of Firing At any rate, the reader must judge of this quiet day, which this reporter spent as Baker company's guest. The day began ai sun-up, after an agreeably successful little night battle dur- ing which a Baker company bazooka team pol- ished off an enemy self-propelled gun when "they -were looking right down our while the rifle platoons decimated a North Ko- rean infantry battalion charging across the rice paddies just before dawn. To be sure, a constant rattle of firing came dcwn from the high mountain peak on the left flank, which the South Koreans were holding. Our mortars and the enemy's sometimes rather languidly lobbed shots back and forth. But in Buker company's command post, in a leafy persimmon grove overlooking no man's land, theie was comparative peace. While those on duty maintained the alert, roost of the company's 140 xneu and five officers slept on the hard ground, or gos- siped of past fighting, or cleaned their weap- ons. The day's real work began rather dis- concertingly in mid-afternoon. The firing on the flanking mountain peak had long been growing less intense when sud- denly South Korean troops began to filte" through Baker company's line. With a strong enemy force moving onto the heights above, the position instantly became critical. While more and more starving South Koreans drifted in, the battalion was notified; a full alert was sounded; and a South Korean officer was round- ed up. The young Korean lieutenant haltingly but de- fiamly explained that his men had been "too many days" on the mountain without enough food or water or even ammunition. Meanwhile, Charley company, farther down the line, re- ported enemy infantry already attacking them. Help Koreans The battalion spoke. AH companies were to rally all South Koreans in their positions, offer- ing food, promising heavy artillery support, urg- ing then to retake their mountain peak. With infinite difficulty and patience, Jung explained all this. The Korean lieutenant nodded curtly, called to his men, and led them back up the hill. Our ciorUn befu their screaming; in dead earnest, the 155 mm. howitzers boom- ed angrily, and the mountain peak was veil- ed in silvery and brown puffs of white phos- phorous and high explosives. There was a long, anxious wait. At the enemy filed. The flank was secure again. By then supper was over. Captain Jung, his face a little drawn, gave his instructions to his platoon leaders. The battalion had just rather grimly announced a heavy enemy attack cm the artillery batteries and main supply road in the rear. But the threat of being cut off seemed to Jung much less than the danger on the mountain the flank goes again, we've still got hold of the front; we'll just skeletonize the rifle platoons to reinforce the heavy Veap- ons platoon on the hill." Meanwhile First Sergeant George S. Hearn, a massive man with a fresh shrapnel dimple in his cheek who learned ground fighting as a lieutenant in Merrill's Marauders, passed out grenades and ammunition with a running com- mentary.' Hearn allows liberties to those who know their business, like the lean Sergeant George Bass of the first platoon, who likes to argue that war would be more enjoyable if fought clubs. But the younger soldiers, Hearn in- structs "Now. you Prokov, you're a messen- ger tonight. Regardless of what's afalliag you've got to get out to the platoon on order. But you'll be all right if you'll just learn where the platoons are at." As dusk fell, F-80s roared down the valley .under towering thunderheads, rocketing and strafing the enemy positions. Jung walked along Baker Company's hill, saying a quiet word now and again to tile men in the foxholes, pausing his forward platoon to watch a jewel-like kingfisher zigzag down its brook in terror at ihe rocket explosions. Then it was time to but- ton down for the night. At the command post, Sergeant Hearn and the communications men were already in their foxholes. As Jung returned, the thunderheads burst. Swearing briefly, he stretched a poncho above his own night's refuge, settled down, and telephoned his forward observer, Lieutenant P. C. Rotigers, Rodgers reported an enemy force with two tanks at the far end of the valley. Incoming motar fire suddenly crashed round about. And so the good night began. It was a good night because Baker company and the other men of the first and second bat- talions had hit the enemy so hard on the three nights preceding. Its goodness consisted in the failure of the discouraged North Koreans to at- tack in force again. But all night the attack threatened. All night the firing continued, culminating in a heavy fusillade from the enemy tanks just before dawn. And all night the rain fell, filling the foxholes, freezing the men. In the Infantry you get a queer idea of a good night. As the sun rose, Baker company began the new day. Sergeant Hearn crept down the line, to steal the Rifles of any sleepers and thus teach them to reSfain alert. The cooks arrived with, breakfast, and three men whose wounds had healed reported for duty again. A messenger from across the valley reported that one of the enemy's tanks' shells had landed in, the midst of a Banker company bazooka team, severely wounding all four men. The news was accept- ed, tot indifferently, but as a matter of course. "If they didn't attack all Captain Jung summed up, "I guess that means we are through here. I'm glad. I like going after them better than having them go after me." The Reds tried the long- battle- line at all points. They have 110.000 to men on the line. Another mostly raw recruits, may join this force soon. The Reds were trying desperate- ly for a break-through. They recaptured shattered Kig- ye, nine miles northwest of Po- hang, and inched toward the port city. It was the third time in 48 hours that Kigye changed hands. Reds Take Kigye fell to the Communists at dawnt Wednesday after a Red at- tack three hours earlier had been repulsed. A spokesman at General Mac- Arthur's headquarters said South Korean troops hold high ground about half a mile of Kigye. These hills and not Kigye itself command a highway network -and are the main prize in the bloody battle. The approximate Coinmu- uist jnfaatrymen attacking in these two 'eastern sectors had powerful artillery support. A collapse in the Allied defense wall at either point could send the Reds flooding into Taegu. While the decision hur.g in the Balance American intelligence re- sorted the Red commander appar- ently is throwing another division .nto the battle. General MacArthur's headquar- ,ers said evidence is increasing- ,hat the North Korean 15th infan- ,ry is side-slipping across the northern face ot the perimeter moving eastward. The MacArthur spokesman said Allied forces still hold the initia- tive on the east coast. The South. Korean assault started Monday. It was halted and pushed back slight- ly Tuesday but was resumed Wed- nesday. Truman Plans Report to U. S. Washington President Tru- man will make a 30 minute "report to the nation" at 8 p. m. C.S.T. Friday. The White House said Mr. Tru- man will deliver a "fireside chat" to be carried by all the major radio networks. It also will be televised. Presidential Secretary Charles G, Ross, who made the announcement, said the President will speak from the movie projection room in the White House. The address will cover a report on the progress of United Nations forces in Korea, the critical inter- national situation growing out of the fighting there and the. problems of the home front.   

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