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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 21, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tuesday, Continued Cool Are You Registered? City Recorder's Office Open 8 a. m. to 9 p. m. VOLUME 50, NO. 157 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 21, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES TOD4y- Acheson Attacked By G.O.P. By Stewart AIsop Washington Some days, ago, the Republican Congressional lead- ers reached an important decision. At a closed door meeting attend- ed by such satraps as policy chief Senator Robert Taft and Senate! Fioor Loader Kenneth Wherry, Hi was decided to base Republican! Four Dead in rea nts Rail Walkout Snarls St. Paul By Norman Walker walked out in three key terminals to-. strategy in Con the first step in a threatened nation-wide railway strike. The report from the White House was that President Truman is State Dean Acheson. At the same on arV Iwtchngelopments. but there was no indication that he Intend, to Police Car Swiped by Bold Thief A whimsical larcenist whose bold- ness apparently exceeded his driv- ing ability early today succeeded In I partially demobilizing the Winona; of Senator Brewster, it was de- cided to "lay off" Brewster's friend. Secretary of Defense Louis JoLnson. This appears to be a rath-: f er odd decision, and it calls 1C I an explanation. seize the railroads. .Hedlv1 The country-wide dispute is over wages and hours. Today's strikes jpoijce department. nVnri were called for five Trainmen said the idea is to call attention j hrown p'eafl the fact that the dispute has! In one ot Ule most bra'len dragged on for almost a year and prowls staged here in recent years, Its oddness derives from the fact; I 111 that, if the public record means anything at all, in the months be- fore Korea Acheson was consist- ently dead right and Johnson was consistently dead wrong. It was Acheson, after all, who repeatedly and rather desperately warned the country of the danger of our uation. and it was Johnson who equally consistently boasted of non-j existent American strength. j IT WAS ACHESON WHO called for "unity and sacrifice." to "mob- ilize our total resources" in order to create "situations of which would permit a peaceful set- tlement with the Soviet Union. It was Acheson who warned, that, without such an effort, "we can lose this struggle without a shot being fired." it was Acheson who told the Senate, early in June, that "the only honest answer" he; could give was that the cost of re- 1 arming our allies would have to be increased. It was Johnson, appearing be- fore the .same Senate committee, who remarked coyly that he had been "living a little more with the military situation thanj Acheson, and promised the Sen-' ators that his best guess was that the cost could be reduced In fu- ture about as bad a guess as any public figure in recent his- tory has made. It was Johnson who falsely promised the country that we were "obtaining greater combat capabilities at less ex- pense." j Now all Acheson's warnings been tragically vindicated. Now alii the falseness and Emptiness of Johnson's boasts have been tragi- cally revealed. Yet it Is Acheson, I MCIC WIUIJ i a half without a decision. an as yet unidentified intruder this on the Indiana garage, drove away in minal railroad left their jobs. All one of the squad cars and fled to of the road's employes were idled. A union official said the Ottawa The Canadian j walkout was 100 per cent effective. cabinet held an emergency meeting last night in what was believed to be a last-ditch effort to avert a nation-wide rail strike set for tomorrow. Some nonoperatins rail employes have called a strike for 6 a.m. to back de- mands for higher pay and bet- ter working hours. Last night's cabinet meeting-, held Iri Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent's downtown hotel quarters, broke up shortly be- fore midnight with no an- nouncement of any new gov- ernment action. One Informant said the gov- ernment may suggest to the disputants today that the date for inauguration of the 40-hour- weefc main point at issue be set about a year from now. There was no confirmation of this, however. British Rush 2 Battalions To Korean War St. Paul Walkout In St. employes of the I Minnesota Transfer Railway ullill pany failed to report for the a.m. (C.S.T.) shift. The road ban- dies most of the switching of I freight cars in and throughout Min- Wisconsin before abandoning the automobile in ditch near Marsh- land. rv jWinona County Desperate Koreans Records Fifth Reds in Last Frantic Push On Beachhead s last seen By Russell Brines Tokyo Allied forces claim- toll c Red! in their desperate try to break the men Shortly ajter 2 a. ra. night shift united Nations battleline and end en returnnig to police headquar-j the war by August 31. Paul The line's ters after a routine auiKe ot thej The Reds continued making big ar. bv that tne garage on the central and south- 450 workers are affected By Qpen and the car fronts for big push that stnKe- Search Begins jmay be their last. Cleveland the river ter- Night Captain Albert J. Lilla was! TWO Red troop and ammunition on duty at headquarters in the city i ships were reported knocked out building and immediately the war by South Korean naval all night men to begin a search forjunits off the southern coast. Casu- alties were said to be heavy but were not given in numbers for the navy action. A South Korean navy official In minal railway, owned by Republic i Steel, was shut down by 200 strik- lers. Employing some 400 workers, the line serves Republic's big steel plants. The steel company has laid off 1.500 of its workers. i If President Truman decides not to take over the lines, he could take these peace 1. Call in the parties with a per- sonal appeal for them to get the long dispute settled, 2. Direct the heads of railroads the stolen squad car. Shortly before 6 a. m. today, a 'cab driven returning to Winor.a noticed the automobile abandoned in a ditch near Marshland, about I said one Red ship was sunk and three miles from Winona, and noti-jthe_ other damaged by gunfire. fied authorities who went to re- trieve the car. Police believe that whoever stole the automobile from the garage lost The Allies yielded to a tank-led column in only one sector for a two-mile loss a. dozen miles north i'J of Taegu on the central front. But presidents, control of the machine and it slip- [there the Reds were stopped by a so far theyjped off the road and into the grass (flare-lit artillery and to meet with the union (The unions claim that so _ :l____________________ ._._ haven't had any conferences with I filled ditch where it was abandoned, i plane attack by night. Five Red "top" railroad I Slight Damage (tanks were destroyed in the ac- Selznre Sought I The car apparently was not ex-jtion. Tne were ordered In "ely damaged. The chrome The back of this lunge at Taegu publican target. Why? By Stanley Rich Hong Kong TWO crack the: battalions of the Argyle land Sutherland Highlanders and j the face of a request from Presl- jdent Truman that the terminals [keep working. The unions said they would cancel the strikes only if Mr. Truman seized all the na- tion's railroads. There was no in- dication he would do so at this stage.. Salfe Seizure has been requested of the White House three times by the unions. The Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Order of Railway Conductors. trim was scratched off one side and a door panel dented when the was believed broken by the un- usual teaming up of planes with car struck a metal strip on the ga-lbig guns at close charters, rage door as it was being driven The night-flying fighter-bombers away from police headquarters, 'were guided to their targets by the Otherwise the car, fully glow of phosphorous shells Lanesboro Man Killed in Mishap Near St. Charles By Gordon Hollo w.ith search lights, siren and radio, <5id not appear to be damaged. The garage from which the car taken is located on the ground poured among enemy troops by field artillery. ,The other immediate threat ap- peared to be deep south floor at the rear of the city build- where the Beds were building at ing some 30 leet from police head- Chmju quarters on the second floor. A metal door separates the gar- Two short line railroads, alsoj f t ti d it f n f liTllft? tn _ _ __, I the Middlesex regiments today vital transportation links to to yipar a. car FOR ONE THING, OF course, wgre reported packing up to join raw materials to essential indus- be Difficult to hear a car like any secretary of state, Ache- son has made mistakes. It is true that by the time Acheson became secretary of state, nothing short United Nations forces in Korea. An official source named the strong, after General the intervention of troops could have saved the Na- tionalist regime in China. Yet it is certainly also true that by au- thorizing the release of the "white on China, Acheson accel- tries, are to be struck tomorrow, in addition, pnper T i. n B BA m tuu.i utiu. erated the Nationalist reinforcements without delay. announced in old, involves union demands for a 1 Singapore that a British inf antrj- 1 pay boost for train service em-1 force would be sent to Korea im- mediately. Harding, commander of the Brit- ish Far East land forces, said Gen- eral MacArthur had asked him for. which cost the West invaluable j time in Asia. This was his worst mistake, but Acheson hns made others al- though the famous National Secur- Britain already has sea and Air ployes represented by the two un- ions and a reduced work week, from 48 to 40 hours, without a pay reduction, for yard service employes. started in the garage, police said. Cool Weather To Hang On She has promised Britain's decision came as Red tf t, gallic n.tw icv.kiii5 ity council paper writing Korea on Minister land terminals and only a few thou- which is the lowest August read- of the 30oi0oo members of the ing on the records of the city indefensible originated in the Defense department rather than the State department. But the fact is that the Republican strategy has very little to do with Acheson's policies! It springs from other sources. ONE OF THF.SK. of course, what has been interpreted as Ache- son's defense of Algcr Hiss and however laudable Acheson's mo- tives may have been, this certainly left him wide open to attack. An- other source is Acheson's person- question must and can be unions, are bound to dent out- peaoefully." Chou gave Red China's propos- als in messages to Trygve Lie, United Nations secretary-general, and Jakob A. Malik of Russia, i president for August of the U. N. I security council at Lake Success, Red China's terms, as reported oy the Communist New China new offensive aimed at Pusan, the main Allied port on the southeastern tip of the penin- sula. In fighting over the weekend from tip to tip of the 120-mile long] front, the Reds lost nearly men in the south, on the cen- tral front and the balance on the east coast line north of Pohang. i Associated Press Correspondent jstan Swinton reported from the (southern front that Americans lost [a key and bitterly disputed rnoun- jtain position in a give and take Winona s weekend.cool weather two southwest of Ham- The demands apply to all expected to continue for a iewian to j 500 charging Reds, railroads in the country. The un-jdays. _ Fighting has raged around Ham- ce Saturday. The sector is defended by the U. S. 25th In- fantry division. It is ten miles northwest of the south coast port of Masan, 27 airline miles west of Pusan. weather bureau for 60 years. Sustained air and artillery at- Saturday's high was 66 and to- Ucks halted tne Bed drive toward i day's noon reading a breezy !Taegu from a Communist column1 Solid Arrowa locate North Korean drives against South Korean and U. S. troops, open arrows, along the Korean indi- cated by a broken line. On the east coast the Korean Beds yielded ground north of Kigye and Pohang but northwest of Taegu (B) the. Reds gained two miles before they were halted. Southwest of Taegu (C) the Beds were reinforcing their bridgehead at Hyonpung after their bulge at Changnyong wai erased. In the far south (D) the North Koreans were thrown back after gaining some ground.JBS a drive on Masan. (A.P. The Republican-Herald.) Time for Decision Near Russ Plans Hinge On Korean Result Forces fighting but these will be i ion is striking only a few of the! High over the weekend was her first ground troops in Korea.ilines at this time, however. jcomfortable 13 degrees. The dejenfll :ies at tms time, nuwever, m The scheduled strikes, while af- here of 42 almost hit that regis- fecting relatively small rail lines tered in Minneapolis 40 degrees- put of major industries. Iron, Steel Mixup The Cleveland terminal strike. one degree lower than Sunday's particularly, will be a blow to steel high. Yesterday's low was 49 de- and iron production. The big Re-.erees. public Steel Corporation at Cleve-I Frost was reported at Stockton land curtailed steel and iron mak-Jand in the St. Charles area. ing last night and laid off of its employes. Republic plan- News Agency: Accept Russia'slned more lay-offs before the end proposal for seating Red China injof the five-day strike period. Sev- the U, N. and then start talking'eral Republic plants had enough ality- It is not only that Acheson's i over ihe Korean question in the superior intelligence with a Red Korean .-epre- 1 Of the stripeisentative at the table as a witness. The Red agency said Chou's the primitives of Wherry. It is also true that Acheson's rather frigid man- message 'denounced America for ner ha the Coup What raw materials on hand to keep go- ing a while. State Fair Gets Top Race Drivers St. Paul Twenty-five north of Allied-recaptured, Kuhwa. Two Red divisions have been iden- tified in the push. Associated Press Correspondent JDon Whitehead on the Taegu front! reported night flying U. S. war- iplanes guided by phosphorous shells hammered at the Reds for four hours. The Communists gained two miles before the American 27th regiment and South strike. That facility is owned by urlike Johnson with his AmcricaniKorea and Taiwan (Formosa) andland St. Paul. It was planned to Lecion background, has no protec-ifor blocking peaceful solution of bnse. (the Korean war." track in three days of A.A.A. racing starting next Saturday. The drivers will include Johnny Parsons, win- ner of the Indianapolis 500-mile race, and Troy Ruttman, holder political base. Moreover. Acheson does not en- joy one major Johnson asset a total absence of principle. Acheson nss given strict orders to ail his subordinates not to criticize John- son in any way. At the same time, it is no secret that Johnson has deliberately embarked on a cam- paign of distortion designed to un- dermine Acheson's position. WHILE HE HAS BEES com- miserating with all and sundry about Acheson's "timidity." John- son has also shrewdly reversed his position. He now talks to con- gressmen about a 50 billion dollar defense budget next year, and more than hints that a general war is probably inevitable. Thus Johnson hopes to cover up the tragic fail- ure of his "economy" program. Johnson also has close connec- tions in the sort of business cir- cles which deeply influence (to put it men like Brewster and Wherry.' Moreover, men of Wher- ry's stripe are themselves wholly vulnerable. Wherry, for example, as recently doeumer.red in this space, has consistently joined Vi- to Marcantonio in voting the straight Communist line on foreign and strategic issues, which per- haps explains why he places blame for the bloodshed in Korea "on the shoulders of Dean Ache- son" rather than on the shoulders of Josef Stalin. Thus for a com- bination of motives, most of which are exceedingly sordid, we must now expect the deliberate destruc- tion of national unity on American foreign policy, in a time of appal- ling danger. route through traffic around the [of the world's record for a one- mile track. By Elton C. Faj, A.P. Military Affairs Reporter What will Russia do when her North Ko- rean satellite begins to lose the war? Reverses for the Red Korean army will force a decision by the Soviets on whether to move openly into the Asiatic war or bide their time for another day when the stakes could be greater and the odds better. The time for Moscow's deci- sion apparently is coming near- er. The swift and long advance Some 400 industries will be nation's top race drivers troops stopped them. Pre- fected by the St. Paul on the Minnesota state Genera; MacArthur had re- _.. ,_ these forces had regained all ground lost last week to the Reds moving on Taegu. A.P. Correspondent Jack Mac-j Beth on the deep south front, said that pilots reported observing "a terrific build up" of supplies by the Reds Sixth division aroundj Chinju. MacBeth said it was pos- sible the Red Seventh infantry di- vision had been rushed to rein- jforce the Sixth for an impending- jstab at Pusan. General MacArthur warned North Korean Premier Kim U Sung that he, would hold him per- action in K0rea Dean Peterson, Alma, Missing In Korean War Alma, Wis. V, Peterson, who became 18 old August 2. is missing in sonally responsible for any more atrocities such as the massacre of more than 30 American troops last week by the North Koreans. U. S. Soldiers of the 24th infantry division stack rations and ammunition near the Korean front for later transport to their buddies holding the nearby ridges. (AJ5. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Rose 'Spinster' at 20 Balmoral, Scotland Princess Margaret Rose stepped blithely out of her teens today and thereby cracked a roman- tic legend. The younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth celebrated her 20th birthday still a spinster. That upset the story dating back to antiquity that any girl born in Glamis Castle will marry before she is 20. Margaret of the merry eyes was born in the solid Scottish castle, ancestral home of her mother. Despite many rumors of ro- mantic attachments she is not yet engaged. Her birthday was celebrated quietly at Balmoral. Castie, where Margaret is staying with her parents. He was reported missing today by the Department of the Defense, although the telegram arrived here) a week ago, It was delivered to his sister, Mrs. Albert Rieck, town of Alma. The notice was addressed to Priv- ate Peterson's father, Carl J. r-et- erson, at the Buffalo City resort. Mr. Peterson moved to Minn., several months ago. Mrs. Rieck said that the last letter from her brother, dated July 6, stated that he was en route to Korea. He had been stationed in Japan with the Seventh Infantry division since March, the added. Private Peterson enlisted in the regular Army at the Winona Army and Air Force recruiting station October 8, 1949, for three years1 with an assignment to the Far East command. Before his enlistment he attend- ed the Alma High school for a year and a half, and worked on farms.in the vicinity. He lived with Mr. and Mrs. Rieck for a 'ime. His mother is dead. A brother, Dale, 13. lives with his father, and one sister, Mrs. Melvin Nervy, lives near Alma, as does another sister, Mrs, Donald Duerkop. of the North Korean army has ground down to s.t least a temporary halt. The build-up of strength by American forces, with more help from other United Nations members in the is under way. An of- fensive to destroy the Korean Red military force is in pros- pect for the months just ahead. And it is then Russia will have to decide. Effect Elsewhere She will have to weigh the possible effect on other nations within the Soviet sphere of de- feat for her Korean Commu- nist state against the risks of taking a direct hand in war with the United States and United Nations. Russia, for reasons of her own, may conclude the time to move isn't now but later when her military strength is even greater, meanwhile using the Korean situation as material for her peculiar propaganda technique. Some officials at high level in Washington incline to the belief that Russia doesn't want to provoke a world war until later, when she is fully pre- pared. The timetable they use in these guesses varies consider- two. to five years. Immense Army The Soviets have an immense army some estimates range around which is equipped with superior tanks and excellent artillery. They have a large tactical air force for support of the ground army. But the Russians may want more time to improve and aug- ment weapons in the highly technical category. Another two or three years may be needed for them to stockpile a larger number of atomic bombs. They have the beginning of a long range bomber force for delivery of the bombs, but may need considerably more long range bombardment aviation. They liave begun a huge military expansion program. Hopes that Russia may not be ready for war now are predicated on "evaluations" made by the military-political intelligence system. The danger is that the intel- ligence may be faulty, as it has been on some past occasions. Traffic accidents exacted a 1 toll of dead and injured :n The Inona area Sunday when four per- sons were killed and at leat-t fi-.ur others injured in highway mishaps investigated by area authorities. Sunday's traffic dead were: Milford Skrukrud, 23, route one, Lauesboro, who was killed when the car in which he was a passenger skidded off a coun- ty highway about ten miles south of St. Charles. Mrs. Jesse Boohs, 69, Ro- chester, killed outright when the pickup truck driven by her husband spun out of control ar.d plunged into a ditch on high- way 52, near Preston. Francis Krcutzer, 21, Browns- ville, who died of injuries suf- fered early Sunday evening- when his motorcycle and a car collided on highway 44 near Caledonia. Michael Scott, four. Durand, fatally injured when he fell from a trailer being towed along highway 85, near Durand, by a tractor driven by his fa- ther. The fatal accident near St. Charles ended a death-free traffic record for Winona county during the past four months. The accident occurred only a short distance from the Fillmore- Winona county line and less than 20 miles from the site of the crash in which Mrs. Books was killed. The accident .which brought death to Skrukrud was reported shortly after p.m. yesterday while the mishap involving the Books truck occurred a few minutes after 2 p.m. Five in County Skrukrud's death swelled to five the number of persons killed in traffic accidents in Winona county thus far this year and occurred exactly four months to the day 21-year-old Robert McEl- mury of Lewiston was killed on highway 14, near Stockton. According to Deputy Sheriff Francis Jensen of St. Charles, who was sent by Sheriff George Fort to investigate the accident, Milford Skrukrud and his brother, Gale, were traveling north on the county road about one mile west and three miles south of Clyde at the time of the accident. Gale, who was driving the Car, told authorities that he lost con- trol of the machine as he was attempting to negotiate a curve in the highway. Plunges into Ditch The car skidded off the shoulder of the road and plunged Into a deep roadside ditch. Miiford apparently was thrown from the car as it hurled over the embankment and was pinned be- neath the wreckage when the car rolled down the ditch. A Lanesboro physician was call- ed to the accident scene but Skruk- rud was dead when the doctor ar- rived, and the county sheriff's of- fice was notified. The two brothers were sons of Mr. and Mrs. Odin Skrukrud, route one, Lanesboro. In addition to his parents and brother Gale, Milford is survived by a sister, Mrs. Joe (Olive) Denning of Rochester, and three other brothers, Kenneth ot Rushford and Donnie and Orin, Jr., both of Lanesboro. He had been working recently at [the Clifford Hoff farm near St. Charles. Funeral arrangements have not been completed. The area's other traffic fatality was recorded at p.m. yester- day in Fillmore county when a pickup truck driven by Jesse Books of Rochester skidded off highway 52, about two and one- quarter miles from Preston. Mr. Books told the state high- way patrol who investigated the accident that he had purchased the new truck in Illinois only a few days ago and was en route to Rochester when the accident oc- curred. Books stated thai his un- familiarity with the brakes of the new truck was a contributing fac- tor in the accident. According to the state patrol FOUR DEAD (Continued on Page 8, Column 6.) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Fair and continued cool tonight and Tues- day. Low tonight 50 in the city. 46 in the country. High Tuesday after- noon 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 [hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 66; minimum, 42; pre- cipitation, none. Official observations, for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 49; noon, 72; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 15.
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