Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1950, Winona, Minnesota FAI-R TONIGHT AND SUNDAY VOLUME 50, NO. 132 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 22, 1950 Baseball Tonight p. m. KWNO-FM FOURTEEN PAGES rmed Forces Building Up Rapidly Korean Reds Regroup for Assault First Area Casualty Why Stand Ye Here Idle? A Guest Editorial by Thomas B. Hill, Former Newspaperman The greatest and most imminent menace to our representative form of government is hang- Ing over us in the attempt to extend river authorities over the nation. To this threat our people generally appear to be indifferent, A few years ago the Missouri Valley auth- ority, which would include Minnesota, was very actively promoted. Since the adoption of the Pick-Sloan plan for the improvement of the Missouri river, the MVA appears to be dor- mant. But the .Tires are kept burning and they will be fanned into a conflagration as soon as there is opportunity. The Rankin bill, that would create nine authorities to include every inch of the United States, is kept ready so that the Congress may act promptly, when the time is propitious. In the Pacific Northwest the people who believe in free enterprise, and the retention of our boasted freedoms, have been fighting a Columbia Valley authority for seven years. There developed so much opposition to the idea of. an "authority" that the name has since been sugar-coated as an but the pill is actually more bitter than before. Public hearings on this bill were to have been held in the field this past spring and summer, but election is coming on and candi- dates favoring CVA fearing to make it an issue have had the hearings delayed. They hope to receive a "mandate" from the people so that the bill may be forced through the next Con- gress. If the Korean situation results in the President being given full war powers he may be able to put this over without direct action by Congress, and the people will be helpless. Thomas B. Hill Editor for a Day But what is a river authority? It is a dele- gation of power by the Congress to three men appointed by the President to control the re- sources and economy of a river basin. Having control of the economy they control the politi- cal and social destiny of the people. As "Honest" Harold Ickes said: "The creation ol these au- thorities will change our form ol government as we have known it for 170 years." If a Columbia Valley authority is created, the others will follow quickly and the people will have lost their most priceless government instituted to secure for them the exercise of their inalienable rights. Why stand ye here idle? Americans Consolidate Below Taejon Front Quiet; U. S. Airmen Busy Bombing By The Associated Press Tokyo American troops consolidated defensive positions south and southeast of fallen Tae- jon today and maintained constant contact with the North Korean in- vaders in anticipation of new en- emy assaults. General MacArthur's commu- nique early today said the war sit- uation was "relatively quiet." speculated that the Reds had suf- fered such heavy casualties in their seizure of Taejon Thursday midnight that they were having to regroup before moving again. American Tactical Air Forces flew 92 sorties Saturday in front- line support operations, including Slated to Pass Minnesota Citian It Russ Subs Off Newfoundland St. John's, Nfld. The Sunday Herald, a weekly pa- per, said today Russian sub- marines have been sighted on the Grand Banks off New- foundland, The story said the subma- rines surfaced on the fishing banks and were sighted by Newfoundland fishermen. There was no official con- firmation here. The story follows other re- ports that unidentified under- sea craft have been sighted. Pacific Fleet Will Support Gen. MacArthur San Diego, Calif. A de- ployment of the Pacific fleet to support General MacArthur's op- erations in Korea and at the same lengthen the nation's sub- Mi KOI issmg in txorea By Adolph Bremer The Korean war moved close to this vicinity today with the first report of a missing soldier. A telegram from the adjutant general of the Army told a Minnesota City widow Mrs. Ebba Leerkamp that' her only son is reported missing in action in Korea. Sergeant First Class Henry G. Leerkamp, said the telegram, has been missing since July 8, which) was the fifth day that the Aineri-j cans were in combat. He was probably serving with! the 34th Infantry regiment of the) 24th division, which took some of the North Koreans' heaviest blows as their tanks slashed swiftly southward. But his mother and his sis- ters believe that he is alive. They think their son and broth- er was experienced enough by reason of his fighting in both the Pacific and European theaters during World War U. This is his llth year in the- Ar- my and his second time in Japan. liked it his sister, Mrs. Joseph Singer, Minnesota Ci- ty farm woman, recalled this morning. "He was home last April and said he wanted to go back." Sergeant Leerkamp, 29 years old, is not married. He first enlisted November 17, TODAY- U. S. Seeks To Make Up Time Former Editor, Winhawk Grid Coach Visits City of Pyongyang. East of Taejon on the land front the Americans held two towns newly captured from the Reds. Americans took over the ruins of Yongdok Friday under cover of heavy allied .naval gunfire. The town is on the east coast 25 miles north of the First cavalry division beachhead at Pohang. It was reported destroyed by Ameri- can and British naval guns Wed-1 nesday. Negro troops of the 25th Infan- try Division routed the invaders from Yechon Friday after 15 hours of artillery attack and house-to- By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The United States time is necessary simply because Hm vms edltor of the ,Yakima, the defense "savings" of Defense Wftsh RepDrter, after leaving Louis A. Johnson years ]ater> he operated brought us, in Korea, to near yakjrna for Pearl Harbor. A single set of sta-L Later he edited the Yakima tistlcs is enough to show why thiSiji ,d is so. On Pearl Harbor day, the United States was producing combat aircraft a month. On Korea day, the United States was producing 215 com- bat aircraft a month. In oth- er words, although the United States was clearly faced with a threat quite as grave as the threat of Hitler and Tojo, the number of combat planes be- ing turned out on Korea day was one-twelfth what it was on Pearl Harbor day. This shocking situation was not Herald. In C Of C Work j The "Editor-for-a-Day" journalism when he became left the executive secretary of tb; Wash- ington State Land Settlement asso- ciation. Later he was director of the State Development Bureau of the Seattle Chamber of Commerce, later managing the State Chamber "I wonder if it still asked former Republican-Herald Editor Thomas B Hill as he tried on the city desk for size this morning. Hill now 78 years old, was city editor of The Republican-Herald Ifrom 1904 to 1908. He returned today as honorary "Editor-for-a-Day." I Hill, living in the State of Washing- ton since he left Winona in 1908, was "drafted out of retirement" by the Washington State Development association. He is here studying has now entered upon a -r omy. This the real meaning development project President Truman's message says Hill. While Congress. And this desperate, last-lin Winona he is visiting at the minute effort to make up for lostjhome of Mr and Mrs. James T. Fifth Army Units Going To Far East house fighting. Yechon is 50 miles inland and in line with the northern arm of Red pincer aimed at cutting the) S. rail supply line from the) southeastern port of Pusan. Pusan monms, supplies the U. S. 24th Infantry division fighting the holding war on the Taejon front. I Admiral Forrest P. chief of naval operations, and Ad- miral Arthur W. Radford, com- mander In chief of the Pacific fleet, headed the conferees. The subject of their discussions was disclosed yesterday by Sher- man who told a news conference that assignment of fleet units to support the Korean campaign is 'one of the principal assignments of the fleet." Earlier Sherman said that both the Pacific and Atlantic fleets are being strengthened to improve submarine and air defense of the !nation, with which he is "not sat- tlle is! 1939, and 28 days after Pearl Har- bor he was in Pacific waters man- ning an Army gun on a merchant ship. Late in 1942 he came back to land, entered a navigation school at San Francisco and shortly thereafter was assigned to an Air Corps air-sea rescue squadron at Hamilton Field, Calif. In August, 1944, he joined the infantry at Camp Shelby, Miss., and in January, 1945, he went to Europe to fight with the 65th di- vision, in General Patten's Third army, in Germany. He won the Purple Heart and two battle stars. He came home after the end of the war, but in February, 1947, left for 18 months of occupation duty in Japan. Back home again late in 1948, Sergeant Leerkamp served at va- rious Army camps and last April Henry G, Leerkamp was in De- but that pace up materially if necessary. Radford, who arrived from Pearl Harbor yesterday, said car-; No State Guard Or Reserve Units In First Call In Few Months Army Calling Some Guard Units, Air Force Seeks Vets By Kuth Cowan Washington The number of Americans in uniform probably will climb over the mark within the next few months. The armed forces have indiated as much to the House armed serv- ices committee which, like its Senate counterpart, voted yester- day to throw out the ceiling on military strength previ- ously set by Congress. That ceiling compares with a pre- sent Army-Navy-Air strength of about To build toward the higher figure, all of the services except the Air Force have announced that they are calling up reserves. The Air Force has hinted that it may do so in about a week. The Marine corps, in a move to keep its pool of Reservists intact, announced a virtual ban on transfers from the organized to the voluntary or inactive Reserve. The Army said yesterday it is dipped into its pool of National Guard and Reserve strength. Some notices are now in the mail. Congress Grants Powers To speed the build-up, the Sen- ate yesterday voted unanimously to permit the armed services to hold men a year longer than their terms of enlistment. The House Is expected to do the same Tuesday. This move to prevent the loss of trained and skilled men reportedly jwas taken at the request of Gen- eral Douglas MacArthur, comman- der of United Nations forces to Ko- St. Paul Minnesota National Guard and Army Reserve units are not affected by the first call issued Friday by the Defense de- partment. No units from Minnesota are on the quota, according to Major Mark Gill, Minnesota military dis- trict public'information officer. Other armed forces Reserves The northern point of this pin- Chicago cer arm appears to be at Mung yong, 20 miles northwest of new- ly captured Yechon. There the tank-led 15th Red Division was re- ported gathering reinforcements for a drive south to Kumchon, onj the Pusan-Taejon railroad 40 miles j southeast of Taejon. The southern arm of the Com- )_ Certain units oflmunist pincer is formed by two rier-based jet planes have per- formed well in the Korean war. Leopold Returns To Belgian Throne By Alfred Chcval and Godfrey Anderson ____ Brussels, Belgium Leopold III, king of the Belgians, came south to Chongup and the other exlle today. advanced in a parallel line 201 There was not one cheer, nor one single handclap as the monarcn, Aspokseman at the Army's GHQJ miles from Chonju to Imsil. fwhose surrender to the Germans in 1940 led to a political fight which said that "the Far East command! The points of the southern split Beiglum in two, landed at heavily-guarded Haren military were unchanged in status yester- The sergeant's four sisters are j day. Mrs. Singer; Mrs. Roy Keller, Mm-) The Air Force says it will not neiska; Mrs, Julia Kirkham, Min-icall reserves "for several days." nesota City, and Mrs. Frank Pep-j The Fourth Marine infantry bat- ke 229'-2 East Third street. Italion is "standing by." awaiting Instructions after Thurs- day's word from Washington that all Marine reserve ground units will be called immediately. Marine Air Wing units may or may not be called, according to corps headquarters in Washing- the 13-state Fifth Army area have been alerted for transfer to the Far East. Lieutenant General Ste- phen J. Chamberlin, Fifth Army commander, did not identify the units in announcing the alert to- day. columns striking southwest of Tae- jon. Pincer Moves In General MacArthur said one ofi these moved 16 miles from Kurr-.je asked the department of the Army ,for certain troops. The de- jpartment of the Army knows what (of Commerce. For 12 years Hill wasjwe here and has designated I supervisor of Washington natural) jresources. Hill organized and man-' iaged the State Reclamation asso- jciation for two years before retir- jing. For the past two years. Hill has This snocKuig sHuauuu publishing the Western Con- the outcome of any difficulties in- tfonist a newspaper striving herited by Johnson When James resource conservation. V. Porrestal left office, Air Force orders, in terms of ail-frame weight (the most accurate mea- sure of air power potential) werejsyslenv (3) up from and Hill objectives are four-fold: (1) preserve our form of government; certain combat units to be sent to the Far East command in Tokyo. "What the Far East, command, under General of the Army Doug- las MacArthur, will do with them, we do not know. That is their busi- ;ess. "We're not allowed to say just what kind of troops we'll be send- ing, whether it's artillery, or in- fantry, or service troops; we can at Chongup and Imsil, are 50 Only a handful of early 60 miles southwest of Taejon. risers, besides the military The hinge of the pincer drive is Red held Taejon. The pressure there is greatest. U. S. Troops gave up Taejon Friday after two days of heavy attack from over- whelming numbers of Red armor, infantrymen and guerrillas. They withdrew a short distance to hills southeast. The Americans made further withdrawals to better neutral de- fense Friday, General MacArthur said. He said the South Korean 000 000 pounds annually. Forrestal had planned an orderly increase towards the pounds es- tablished by the Air Policy Board! Valley administration. Praises Paper a second plane which landed a few minutes later. Threatened demonstrations by violently anti-Leopold Socialists x-------. aay i C j CHQ. IiOt 171 t PDSolUlj UC conserve natural re-j "Orders will be Issued presently ftaak_ jcause the time of his arrival was such a closely guarded secret. Soon May Resign Leopold has scheduled a confer- ;i t; Aunii o" miaui j, Ui vii-c ui preserve our free-enterprise jjust say they're combat troops. I First Corps on the American right guards, were present. He arrived in a twin-engine mil- than a prisoner of war. This, add' ed to the fact that he had sur- rendered to the invaders in 1940 itary plane at a.m. with pre-iinstead of fleeing to England with mier Jean Duvieusart, leader minlsters to continue .the fight, the Social Christian Ms befag exiled in ,1945. party which led the fight to re- A iong- and bitter struggle fol- serve Parliament's 1945 vote between tne social Chris ing Leopold. _ _ who wanted the king back, Crown Prince Baudouin was 'tlle socialists. Communists (4) oppose Columbia j for the units chosen." j The general said Fifth Army (is one of the six continental U. S, Impressed with the appearance armies given similar alerts. as the absolute minimum Winona Hill says. "Its general neace-time defense. It was John-.appearance is better than any old ?on who reversed this process, cut- city I've ever visited in the United SOn r __ winnnn T7 uh orders Hill coached Winona High GHQ for the Army is in Chicago. The Army territory Includees the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, Nebraska, Iowa, ection at the same time. Associated Press Correspondent Leif Erickson said Communist forces were active Saturday near new American positions southeast of Taejon, but there was no pene- (Continued on Pag-e 3, Column 7) KOREA ruth-'one of my neophytes." Hill recalls. While he was existing air obsolescence, Johnson also lesslv slashed the AS for publishing, the "Editor- of the Mr Force and naval andjfor-a-Day" says, "I've always been Marne "air arms. The Air Force. an idealist; the Republican-Herald which consisted of more than reaches beyond my ideals." 500 operational aircraft when John-! son took office, has been reduced to 8600 with only first-line; combat planes. The naval and Ma-j SSurfShell Quemoy waft nave been reduced to nth '2 575 first-line combat planes.! Taipei Chinese Commu- Inists began shelling Quemoy is- St-ch, at least, was the posi- tion just before Korea day. And this Korea day American first-line strength of about 900 first-line combat planes, which was rapidly declining, must be contrasted with a known Russian f lrst-1 i n e wring and Colorado. Food Hoarders Upset Hamburg Hamburg, Germany War- fearing food hoarders have creat- ed an acute shortage of non-per ishable foodstuffs in Hamburg, German Retailers association of- ficials reported today. jland. off the mainland port of lAmoy, tonight in evident prepara- tion for an assault on the Nation- alist blockade base. The Nationalist defense ministry said the Reds had assembled some craft for an apparent assault on the island. This would be the first action of the Chinese, war since President jTruman requested the Nationalists >impie t Visit- acminsh t.hp strength of more than planes. These figures have a b} operations against the meaning. Although omy P tant satellite air units have as >et; Quemoy is garrisoned by Na- (fontinued on Pape 12, Column 1) itionalist troops under able Gener- 1 ALSOP al Hu Lien. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair tonight and Sunday with mod- erate temperature. Low tonight 60; high Sunday 82, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: 78; minimum, 57; noon, 78; precipitation, .04; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomor- row at Additional weather on Page 3. and Liberals who didn't. Heavily Guarded It ended Thursday when the So- ton. The Navv has not called MacArthur's command is due to lose American G.I.'s out of an estimated in the rj. 8. I army whose enlistments expire be- tween now and June 1951. Congress also has been advised that by the same date the Air Force would have enlist- ments expiring, the Navy Meanwhile, Chairman Vlnson (D.-Ga.) announced that the House armed services committee will be- gin an inquiry Monday into "how well prepared this country is." The Navy will be beard from first, with Admiral Forrest Sherman, chief of naval operations, as the opening witness. Pull Ships Out of Vinson has instructed the serv- ices to advise the committee on low many men they think will be needed, not only to halt the Communist Invasion of South Ko- rea, but to be ready for any outbreak elsewhere. He wants to also how many ships the members of its surface compo- Navy plans to take out of "moth- balls." The first move in that direc- nents in the Twin Cities, but a naval Air Reserve patrol squad- ron and part of a fleet air service turn was taken yesterday, with an squadron have been activated. order to reactivate 12 troop ships The call for "non-divisional" na- tional guard components would not affect the 47th infantry division, according to Major General Joseph E. Nelson, state adjutant general. When and if Minnesota is includ- ed in the quota for "non-divi- sional" units, only the 598th and and 257th anti-aircraft battalions, from Duluth, Minn., and Virginia, Minn., respectively, would be elig- Meanwhile, at Wold-Chamberlain field the Naval Air Reservists or- dered to active duty Thursday re- ported at 8 a.m. yesterday. were placed on full-pay They I status. They will report every day and Cai Christian majority in Parlia-jthen be he ment voted to ask the king to re- their personal affairs before turn. The Socialists have threat- ened to disrupt Belgium with strikes in protest. Leopold sped from the airport ence with his cabinet this after- jto his country palace at suburban noon at his palace in Laeken.jLaei-en in a wnd race like a scene Eviction Notices for Fliers' Families Spokane Notices of eviction or rent increases have been handed to wives and fam- ilies of at least six Spokane Air Force base fliers who were or- dered to the Pacific, Mayor Ar- thnr Meehan says. The mayor said the com- plaints reached his office during the last few days and added: "It they continue to come in at this rate I'll recommend that rent control be pat back into ef- fect." Spokane rents were decon- trolled a year ago. Meehan didn't mention any names bnt said one expectant mother was given a 30-day evic- tion notice. The mayor said the woman called police when the landlord insisted on bring- ing prospective buyers to the house at all noun. News of his future plans probably will be announced then. Last April the king offered to turn over the throne, at least tem- porarily, to the crown prince if he were allowed to return briefly to Belgium. Many persons believe that is the course he will follow now that the preliminary tion has been met. Many observers believe condi- from a Hollywood gangster mov- The king's car, flying the royal j standard, was in the midst of an( armed cavalcade including four armored cars and 17 truckloads of heavily armed gendarmes. Each bridge over which the roy- al procession passed was guarded by gendarmes carrying carbines. Others stood watch under the ping out. So far the units have received no shipping orders. In Minneapolis, recruiting offices continued to show gains for July over last month. Milwaukee 13th Largest City would satisfy the Socialist opposi- bridges to guard against sabotage. tion and ease the serious split injEvery street leading into the road to Laeken was blocked off by mounted police, and the road it- self was lined with gendarmes the country. As the king and crown prince stepped out of their planes, bugles sounded and a military band burst into the national anthem "Braban- conne." Leopold wore the beige summer uniform of a lieutenant general. He stood at attention and saluted while the anthem was played. The music, a few handshakes from government officials, and the laid up on the Pacific coast enogh to carry at least men, or two full army divisions. In ad- dition, 20 Victory ships were or- dered into service from the (Continued on Page 3, Column 1) ARMED FORCES Hysterical Buying 01 Whiskies Hit New York One of the na- tion's leading distillers yesterday blamed "apparent hysterical buy- ing" for a move to allocate orders of top brand whiskies. The buying was blamed on the Korean war and fear of liquor ra- tioning or complete curtailment. Among; companies either allo- cating orders, or planning- to. are Brown-Forman, Park Tilford, Schenley, Continental, Kinsey and W. A. Haller Company. Of those contacted, only Sea- gram reported it saw "no need for any rationing." It was Brown-Forman, a major independent, that reported the hysterical buying. In a telegram to its sales staff, the company announced it battle loi: of top brands and added: biggest American cities is shown inventories (of by preliminary population figures reported to the Census bureau here. With the preliminary national more numerous than the trees. population total due to be announc- Eight truckloads of today, tentative figures at bu- dashed up to the gates of the pal- ace just ahead of the king and took up positions reinforcing the already dense security guard. Nearly a dozen radio cars and several motorcycle squadrons fol- lowed a few minutes later with reau headquarters here gave these ankingsfr he' 100 larlest cmes ders said it was mainly in bond- lauiuilbs iUl onri ctra irht. Whiskies. salutes of the men assigned tojmilitary police guarding the royal guard him, were all the welcomejcar. Leopold got after his six years ab- A score or two of early risers peered through the hedge of glis- sence from his homeland. The Nazis told Leopold to Ger- many in 1944, when Brussels was about to fall to advancing Allied troops, under heavy guard. Many Belgians charged that he was more "guest" of the Nazis tening bayonets for a glimpse of Leopold. They were kept at a distance of more than 100 feet by a semi- circle of gendarmes facing out- wards. "Industry overall inventories (of whisky) is at its highest and we can see no immediate curtailment of whisky manufacture. We urge saneness in buying and a realistic approach to the situation." Distillers reporting a rush in or- subject to possible revision as oth- er cities report: 1 New York 2 Chicago 3. Philadelphia 4. Los Angeles 5 Detroit 6. Baltimore 7. Cleveland 5. St. Louis 9. Washington 10. Boston 13. San Francisco 12. Pittsburgh 13. Milwaukee ed bourbons and straight whiskies. Tornado Kills 6 In Northern France Cambrai, France A tor- nado ripped through this northern industrial area late yesterday, kill- ing six and possibly eight persons and' injuring scores. One estimate of the number injured ran as high as 200. About 300 persons were left homeless.