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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 21, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Saturday Fair Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME so, NO. 131 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 21, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES mericans Dig In Below Taejon This Car Snapped off ten guard rails on highway 16 three miles west of Houston early today be- fore crashing into a bridge during a heavy fog and killing Sergeant Harold O. Murray, Camp Mc- Coy, Wis. The car, shown above, was taken to Houston by a Republican-Herald photo TODAY- Johnson's i tconomies Costly By Joseph and Stewart AIsop Washington President Harry Truman has again acted with cour- age and common sense. He has re-j Crash Near Houston Kills McCoy Soldier Mystery Clouds Big Communist Rally in Berlin Feared Cover-Up For Some New Military Move By Thomas A. Keedy Berlin The Russians ap-j peared today to be putting on a j good behavior" front in Berlin for this week's Communist rally, be- ing attended by high Cominform members from far and wide. Allied and West German officials noted: 1. Autobahn traffic at Helmstedtl is being let through to Berlin and toward the West at a stepped-up pace, Slowdown tactics imposed last week have been stopped. 2. East German officials agreed today on a "basis for dicussion" with West Berlin on resumption of electric power, cut off July 1. 3. The Russians notified the air safety center in advance of fight- er plane flights between Dallgow and Brandenburg, over the West- edges of Berlin last night. Lately some flights have been ob- served that were not posted In the four-power center. Meanwhile the Socialist Un- [ity (Communist) party rally enter- ed its second day without any clue to the purpose behind the visit the highest-ranking Communists i Houston, Minn. A Camp McCoy soldier en route to visit Berlin. Troopers of the First Cavalry Division, carrying full combat packs, walk off an LCVP at Pohang, South Korea, This first amphibious landing since the Pacific war was a dry one that is, the troops walked off the boat's ramp without getting their feet wet, an Ideal landing for foot soldiers. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) a new station in Washington was killed this morning when his auto- mobile crashed into a bridge during a heavy fog near here. Victim of the mishap was Sergeant First Class Harold O. Murray, 23-year-old native of Colorado Springs, Colo., who apparently was driving to his home to spend a ten- Jected the advice of those who were urging on him a policy of "little steps lor little feet." Instead, he has frankly named the minimum sum it will cost to reverse the pol- icies of his secretary of defense and start this country back on the long road toward real military! strength. Here two facts are worth not ing. First, as Truman hinted, th( sum he has asked j selective service %ays the United Congress to appropriate Is no more states has got to find men crltlcal skiu Draft Needs 7 Million Men, Hershey Says The director of At Party Caucus The delegates from the Comin- form countries attended the party caucus this morning- only as ob- servers. The East Berlin activities day furlough before reporting to without hinting at any major con- Fort Lewis, Wash j clave on international questions The accident occurred on as Korean war or the way 16, about three miles west of here, at approximately a. m. today. State Highway Patrolman Eu- gene Molitor of Winona, who in- vestigated the crash, said thatj Murray was driving west on the highway while visibility was ob-l scured by a dense fog. 60 Miles Per Hour Sergeant Murray apparently was driving at high speed and the smashed speedometer needle was thorny Yugoslav Tito problem. The Cominform members ar e virtually inaccessible, guarded by East German "peoples police" as they move from hotel to party meetings and back. The East government made fan- re out of the official opening of le first postwar steel furnance in Brandenburg at the Siemens-Mar- tin plant. Officials reported to the party rally the furnace would pour out steel "for peace.' Reserves Alerted, Marines Called Up BULLETIN Washington The Army today begin calling some Na- tional Guard troops and reserves to active duty. The units and the exact number were kept secret. It announced the men called would be riven it least 30 dayi to get their personal affairs in order. Washington The armed forces worked swiftly today to build I up their fighting manpower, backed by action on both sides of Capitol hill to strengthen the military machine still further. The Marine Corps has called up all the ground forces in its organ- ized reserve amounting to some officers and men. The Navy said several of its air reserve units, numbering about Korean Reds Fail to Follow Up Advantage Rocket Launcher Makes Going Tough For Enemy Tanks Tokyo America's batter- ed 24th division dug into new de- fense positions today as North Ko- rea's Red horde, reluctant to move -without tanks, failed to fol- low up its victory at flaming Tne- Jon. Superior numbers of Commu- nist tanks, infantrymen and guer- rillas won blazing Taejon early to- day, after two days of fierce and costly attack. But that victory cost (.hem at least 12 tanks all knocked out by the new 3.5 inch rocket launch- er and others damaged. The Par East Air Forces, In m communique, indicated new tanks may require some time getting to the Taejon area. It said n 500-ton B29 bombing: of Seoul Sunday hart j damaged rail yards and lines so [heavily to "prevent rail move- iments to the southern battle for some time." Tonrdok Destroyed Balancing; this withdrawal, Alli- ed guns destroyed the Com- jmunist communications center of jYongdok on east coast, J5 i miles north of the beachhead es- tablished Wednesday by the First cavalry division Progress of the First cavalry and the 2Sth infantry divisions which landed earlier this -week not reported by General Mao- I Arthur's communiques. General MacArthur said the loss of Taejon has "no special signifi- cance" from the military point of view. Advanced American head- quarters and the provisional gov- The announcement said that thelernment of South Korea had mov- Army Calling Non-divisional Units to Duty Army an- nounced today it is calling "non- divisional" units of both the Na- tional Guard and Reserves to active duty. Truman did not hint, at least of this bill represents) the net dollar cost of Louis John- son's experiment in "economy." To prove the first point, it is only necessary to add up the total of what is now clearly required. Take the Navy first. Overall, the best estimate is that Johnson had reduced the combat capabilities of the Na- vy by 30 per cent. It must now be obvious that the first order of business is to restore the pre-Johnson level of Navy combat power. The most com- petent naval authorities esti- mate that this will require this year, if the Na- vy is to be restored to its pre- Johnson strength within a year and a half to two years. stuck at the 60-mile-an-hour markir- when the patrolman arrived at crash scene, i Before crashing into the bridge General Lewis B. Hershey the car snapped off ten The capacity was not disclosed ed against urging draft boards tolSu.ard rail posts bordering rvrinpp the furnaces are to be for Industry Fritz with the last one December 21, Sta-' for movement to the Far East. The Air Force indicated it might order some reservists into uniform after a week or so. To Lift Ceiling: As the fighting services speeded plans to expand their strength to limit autr, defer men because of their skills, claiming "if we don't find them (the you I have any industry anyway." lin's birthday. The Comir.form bosses yesterday I heard East Germany's Communist Authorities were notified of the president tell a party rally that accident by a farm resident who his people would fight beside Rus- bridge approach. Hershey spoke at a luncheon yesterday. He explained there are men between 18 and 27 and that, lof these. are classified, classified 1-A. won't hives near the bridge and heard thejsia in any new world war. 'automobile crash into the struc-j Premier's Picture Up When Molitor arrived, Mur- ray's body was pinned inside the wreckage of the car. It it believed that he was killed in- stantly. A wrecker was called from Hous- He added that have and the automobile had to be body could be been classified because they are year-olds, are veterans, itricated 742.000 have dependents, are 4-F (failing to meet armed service orized by Congress, the House and Senate armed services committees weighed proposals to lift that ceil- ing in response to a request from! President Truman. Air Force May Draft Vets of World War II Washington The A i r Array does not contemplate at this time calling units the size of a divi- sion. The brief announcement said: The Department of the Army 3s the process of progressively call- ling non-divisional elements of both National Guard and Reserves to active duly as the need arises and I facilities for their reception and 'training can be provided. i "For the immediate present it is' ;not contemplated that units the I size of a division will be called. Units will be alerted approximately 130 days prior to movement so as to (give members thereof time to ar- range their personal affairs. "In the meantime the Army is asking for immediate voluntary ac- tive service of individual officers ed from the city several days ago. The new U. S. front on higher ground is better location for fighting delaying action, Mac- Arthur said in a communique. The United Nations said "heavy Infiltration tactics by guerrillas who outflanked the American army units, and co-or- dinating: infantry-t a n k assaults .forced the withdrawal." enlisted men by 12 mouths. A portrait of North Korea's pre- mier, Kim Ir Sen along with rs those of Premier Stalin and Chi-i Both measures seemed assured na's Red chief Mao Tze-tung _iof swift PassaSe. hung over the rostrum as Presi-! Senator Gurney (R.-S.D.) called dent Wjlhelm Pieck: made his'meanwhile for action to restore At the same time, the two con-iForce, if its volunteers are insuf- gressional groups studied a bill to fic; t k Congress for au- extend the hitches of armed forces I pledge to Communist faith- ful. Seated on the platform were M. A. Saslov, Moscow's pleader, Jacques Cominform the family allotments granted to servicemen in World War H. the allotments were ordered eliminat- and men in certain grades and skills. "The individuals will be given up thority to draft last war. veterans of theito 30 dW to report." I The Army declined to disclose the This was the word Colonel Har- land Parks of the Air Force gave the House armed services com- mittee today. Colonel Parks said the Air Force number of men involved. ed by Congress on a gradual it will be able to meet Its (Palmiro Togliatti of Italy, and del- He was the only occupant of thefeg-ates from Soviet satellites and The same lime-las applies to the effort to rebuild the serious Amer- ican Air Force which was in pro- spect before Johnson took over. The Johnsonian reductions in American air strength must await a further detailed report. Here it is enough to say that, since Korea, the Joint Chiefs of Staff have agreed) unanimously that it will not be enough to return even to the pre- Johnson level of Air Force pow- er. Instead, the joint chiefs are con- vinced that the 70-group Air Force, loner recommended by every com-l petent authority, has now be-j come absolutely essential. Johnson' initially resisted this view, but has apparently been overridden. At; any rate, preliminary Air Force] estimates are that it will now re-i quire an immediate capital invest-] mmt of to 000 to start the Air Force towardj 70 groups, with reasonable ity. That leaves only 000 or out of Truman's for the Army, where tho talk about the magical new weapons, which have supposedly made the tank and the infantry Army obsolete, has now died to an inaudible whisper. Two or three billion dollars will only be enough to make a start to- ward recreatinK- the two divi- sions axed by Johnson: restor- ing the (rutted strength of ex- isting divisions: and creating a serious armored force. As for the cost in time, it takesj fare. General Joseph Collins is the authority for the statement that it will need "years" td transform the cardboard mockups. which now symbolize the virtually nonexistent American armored force, into the are in farming j (Continued on Page 10, Column 5) jand are in the reserves. 1 CRASH Communist China. sis in 1948. Gurney said that while no men with dependents are now being drafted, many men with families They came to Berlin ostensibly Iare beinE called up in the Re- to participate in the third annual I serves, conference of the East German So- Marines Called The Marine corps announcement yesterday said: "All organized Marine reserve ground units are being called to active duty'' and an official said the call "is now going out." The Navy announcement said: "The Navy is recalling several units of the organized air reserve to active duty immediately." Offi- cers said the orders already had gone out. The Army's announcement said several combat and cialist Unity (Communist) party, but a German spokesman said' they "will certainly use this op- jportunity to discuss all pending po- 'litical questions arising from the present situation." Typical Bed Gathering- It was the first gathering of Com- inform members Kremlin-led "cabinet" of international Commu- nism since last winter. West- ern observers speculated they might be planning new Communist only that "several combat _. _ The "honored foreign as i supporting units from each of the the East Germans called the C0m-isix Army areas, in addition to inform delegates, are scheduled previously announced, have speak at a huge Soviet-type rally Monday. New clues to party strategy may be revealed publicly then. manpower needs through teers and Reserves, I Minneapolis Man Dies at Fairmont Fairmont. Minn, R. J Lang, 32, Minneapolis, was found volua-idead in his hotel room here late yesterday. At yesterday's opening party East German President Pieck said tos party, though not a member of tne Commform, is "traveling the same road." "The German people will fight on the side of the Soviet Union in any war involving Russia or the people's he declar-i Cu. i Pieck denounced "American war I (adventuring" in Korea and accus-l ed the U. S. of building 500 mili- tary ba: since the been alerted for movement in the near future to the Far Reserves In 5th Army Area Chicago Fifth army head- quarters said Thursday night thai Reserve officers and enlisted men in Wisconsin were subject to immediate call to active duty. The headquarters said there are more than Reserves in its 13-state area, about of them officers. In addition, it said, are Dean Last Seen Passing Shells to Bazooka Team ses throughout the world mfin in eight National Guard e end of World War U j divisions and smaller units in the WEATHER (Continued on Pace 10, Column 3) ALSOFS Ivt Open Arrows on the Map locate areas of American and South Korean defensive forces now righting a delaying action in the hills against Communist forces, indicated by solid arrows. U. S. troops who yielded Taejon have withdrawn to the hills to the southeast Balancing the withdrawal, South Koreans in the central sector (B) recaptured Yechon and drove to the outskirts of Punggi, while on the east coast Allied naval guns destroyed Yongdok CO, a pos- sible objective of the Americans who landed at Pohang this week. CAJP. Wirephoto to The FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Consider- able cloudiness and warmer to- night: lowest 58. Saturday general- ly fair with moderate temperature- highest 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: same area. The guard has been called to active duty. In Wisconsin, according to a breakdown released by the Fifth army, there are Reserve of ficers, enlisted Reserves and officers and men in the 32nd division of the guard. The breakdown for Michigan showed Reserve officers, 363 enlisted reserves and men in the 46th division. Officers said Army Reservists with critically needed specialties Maximum, 84; minimum. be called. The number will be 71; precipitation, none: sun sets'.set in Washington. tonight at sun rises tomor- row at Additional weather on Page 10. The Senate and House armed (Continued on Page 10, Column 6) RESERVES An American Command Post in Korea Fellow officers today held firm hope that Major General William F. Dean, tmreported nearly 24 hours in the thick of the Tae- jon fighting, "will get out." But fear for his safety grew by the hour. The front-line fighting commander of the V. S. 24th infantry division was last reported leading a bazoo- ka team fighting off Red tanks. Dean's staff tried to reas- sure themselves with this dec- laration: "The general can take care of himself. He may have to walk, but he'll get The last report of Dean came from a corporal. He said he saw the general passing ammunition to a bazooka team and directing fire in Taejon. That was several hours before the city fell at midnight Thurs- day before the blazing tanks of the North Korean Communists. Said Corporal Ralph Vargas- on of Newark Valley, N. Y. "All of our regular bazooka teams were so busy General Dean took a couple of men downtown and went after two tanks, I saw him passing am- munition to the men and dir- ecting fire." The Red tanks moved on Taejon at dawn Thursday. circled around and around the American command post, filing as they went. Dean had a record of fear- less fighting. Both in World War n and in the Korean war he exposed himself to enemy fire to lead his men. A few days ago he pulled some of his front line troops out of the fire in heavy fight- ing near the Kum river by a personally led attack. Dean, who was awarded a Distinguished Service Cross in World War n for bravery, was well liked by his men. The tall, rusty haired general put his fighting before his person- al safety. The 50-year-old general had served as military governor of Korea from 1947 to 1949 and temporarily was commander of U. S. Army forces in Korea. Private First Class David Ly- saker, 19, Onalaska, Wis., dis- cussing the Taejon retreat, said he had a real night of it. "We were patrolling 25 miles of road and prepared for de- molitions when we got the word to pull out. "There -was a Korean patrol moving in. I went into a two and one-half ton truck to pick up the outposts. I got the first one OK, but the second was gone. They started firing at us. About 50 infantrymen I picked up along the road were ready to get out of there. We found a South Korean who knew a back trail. Three tires blew off but somehow we made it." Planned Withdrawal A spokesman at Eighth army headquarters in Korea said the withdrawal was "planned and not a precipitous flight." No word was received of Major General William F. Dean, com- mander of the troops fighting the bitter Taejon delaying action. He was last reported yesterday, pass- ing ammunition to a bazooka team thai, was firing at Red tanks in- side Taejon. Yongdok was destroyed by gun- ire from two cruisers', one Amcr- ,can and ont British. It was mocked out Wednesday evening and night. Vice Admiral Charles T. Joy, commander of naval forces in the Far East, said the cruisers' guns started large fires in the Red-oc- cupied town with smoke still vis- ible from the ships after 12 hours. Yongdok may be an objective of the First cavalry division. Bad weather hampered Allied air action, but more than 100 sorties were flown. U. S. F-80 jets shot down two Yak-9 fighters near Taejon. Three Red planes were knocked down there yesterday. Five Major Targets Bombed B-29 Superforts roamed again jover North Korea and dropped ,more than 160 tons of high ex- plosives on five major airfields and bridges. Yak planes attacked B-29s near Seoul but were driven off by the bombers' gunners. Two challeng- ing fighters appeared damaged. Two B-2Ss were in the air battle and the other by flak in the Seoul area, but both returned safely. Two Yak fighters hit at U, S. F-80 jets near Taejon and both were shot down. MacArthur's communique said a South Korean regiment on the cen- tral front recaptured Yechon, 40 miles north, of the main U. S. sup- ply line from Pusan. Other South Korean units push- ed to the outskirts of Punggi, 15 miles northeast of Yechon. In flat, open country southwest of Taejon, tie Reds were reported building for a drive at the Ameri- (Continued on Page 10, Column 5) KOREA
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