Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Coo! Tonight; Warmer Friday Baseball Tonight p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 130 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 20, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES 24th Quits Taejon; Dean Missing First U.S. Reserves Called Congress Pufs On Speed to Enlarge Army Enlisted Men to Be 'Frozen' in Army For Next 12 Months Korean War to Bring Truman Ready Sharp Tax increases By Edwin B. Haakinson Washington Senators put! on full speed today behind moves to give President Truman broad authority to expand the nation's fighting forces. Meanwhile, the armed forces took a step of their own to build i strength by announcing thatj they are calling back a limited I number of Reservists for active By Sterling F. Green Washington Short of price ceilings, rationing and job controls, the President's Korea program calls for nearly every basic home-front power that was used to win World War II, The immediate impact on consumers would be slight unless prices skyrocket. If they do, President Truman's message to Congress said 'yesterday, he will "not hesitate" to (call for price controls and ration books. i Otherwise, the control of easy-j (payment credit and the tightening jof mortgage credit in home flnanc- Twin Twister Rips 2 Western Ohio Towns duty. A- poll of the Senate armed serv- of them the on the consumer at this stage. Business got some bigger shocks. Besides carrying full power to ra- tion thus regulate To Invoke Price Curbs If Needed Rationing Also Would Be Ordered, President Says By Jerry Korn Washington Tru- man said last night he is ready to anti-inflation Price if prices should chiel hobblesl of Lima, tornadoes civilian goods pro- for: 1. The removal of present top limits on the manpower of the armed services. 2. Presidential authority to "freeze" enlisted personnel in all of the services for 12 months beyond the periods they agreed to serve. In advance of the committee's meeting Chairman Tyding-s (D.- Md.) told E reporter he hoped to get a speedy okay on both mea- sures. The House armed services committee set a meeting on the same subjects for tomorrow. Congressional leaders said they expect the next move to be a re- quest to extend the present draft i. age limits possibly up to years. At present youths from 18 through.. 25 years must register those from 19 through 25 years are subject to call, Mr. Truman asked removal of the present ceiling on military strength yesterday in his special message to Congress, saying up its fighting forces in Korea elsewhere. Chairman Tydings and Vinson i triv.o iU-JV i J_ -U J tl iroofs off at least 30 homes, government ouila and run steel I ing about 270 others, and injuring! mills and such other new plants J30 persons. [as are needed for defense. i No one was killed, and no serious! A call Jor higher taxeSl on injuries were reported. j we c 1CHU1W.U. wage-earners and businesses, is First reports indicated damage in the high winds cut an eight-block wide be at least Damage to power company facilities was expected to add another to the figure. There was no immediate estimate of damage in the rural Van Wert area, 27 miles to the northwest. The first tornado struck near that commumy of lifting the en- tire Bethel M. E. church building nto the sky and ripping off roofs l four barns. The church was de- About 30 minutes later, the second tornado swept through northwestern Lima, a city of about and rationing rise unduly be- cause of excessive buying and speculation." He spoke sharply of both prac- tices, saying that scare buying is "foolish" and add- ing: "Every businessman who is try- ing to profiteer in time of nation- al danger every person who is selfishly trying to get more than his neighbor is doing just ex jactly the tiling that any enemy of country would want him to the works, Mr. Truman said. He The President reported to the hinted at a boost in income taxes (nation on the Korean situation in and, for corporations, an profits tax. broadcast carried by all Ameri- ican radio and television networks, land beamed overseas by the Voice The tax jolt is likely to be heavy. of America and the British Broad- The proposed arms) casting Corporation. program amounts to a claim for! In acid language, he referred to Looking Serious, with hands supporting their heads, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, right, and Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson listen as President Truman addressed the American people on the Korea crisis. The two cabinet members were among the approximately 70 persons who gathered at the White House in Washington to listen to the President make his nation-wide Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) against every Truman says and! the attack on South Korea as "an! he wants the! outright breach of the peace lovernment to proceed on a pay-as-ja violation of the you-flght basis, as far as possible, The industrial controls rr.ay never e used. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, who is setting up a new bureau to run the allocation of steel and other materials, Is said to be- Red Cross officials said several lieve that voluntary agreements hundred persons were left tempor- arily homeless. Power lines were hit, and the entire city was dark until nearly the A volunteer unit of nearly 400 veterans, National Guardsmen, and Army and Navy reservists pa- United charter of the! and. said it with industry will suffice. But the authority would be onj the statute books, if needed, and! the size of the job outlined by Mr. Truman was a shock to many offi- ety iimti J. tiiju v inavii _ (D.-Ga.) of the Senate and House A drive-in theater built armed services committees later! introduced identical bills that would allow retention of all enlist-! ed personnel for an additional 12 months. There was no immediate indica- tion what plans the nation's mili- tary leaders might have for guard. The initial emphasis was; rather on Reservists with special! skills. The Army and Air Force, saying! they wanted Reservists with the) rank of captain and below, an-1 nounced a "limited" callup: the! Navy used the word "selective." j These arc the Array's needs: medical, engineer and infantry of-] ficers; enlisted men trained in air-; borne operations, electronic, and armament maintenance, intel-j ligence, medical, communications: and wire maintenance, landing] craft operation, camouflage and] construction of roads.! ports and airfields. The Air Force listed officers j trained as navigators, bombardi-j ers. communications, radar and' radio specialists, weather, and armament, ns well as mrdir.il and dental officers; among enlisted Re- servists it is seeking those with; experience as aircraft rmci engine) mechanics, radar and radio spe-j cialists, communications personnel.! armament specialists, and medical' personnel. All three services said Reservists! will serve at least a year, with; the opportunity to volunteer for- further active duty alter that, The! Army and Air Force saici Reserve) officers will keep their higher P.e-: serve grades, rather than those' they held when they were last on active duty. only two weeks ago on the outskirts of Lima was leveled. The wind ripped the roof off the Lennox Furnace Com- pany's brick building and shattered a wall. cials who had hoped for a minimum of government intervention. By one means or another today's record-breaking output of civilian goods, now straining the proves "beyond all doubt that the international Communist move- ment is willing to use armed inva- sion to conquer independent na- tions." He added: "It was an act of raw ag- gression, without a shadow of justification. I repeat it was an act of raw aggression." Beisdes making clear his belief (truck driver for "a firm which rents that "International Communism" trucks to the city. Their bodies must bear responsibility for the j were recovered from a Milwaukee Korean crisis, Mr. Truman h a sjstorm sewer Wednesday night. The sharp words for Russia's attitude [men had been investigating a com- i toward the affair. Deaths of Two In Milwaukee Laid to Storm By The Associated Press persistent drenching rain J f 4-1. i 1J, J J VJJ. O, UU.tAOJ' windstorm that pelted southern i Diplomatic authorities said the next move in the global crisis is Wisconsin Wednesday took the clearly up to Moscow now that the President has backed up his Decision on War Up to Russians By John M, Highlower Washington President Truman's decision to ratty American power against expanding Communist strength puts squarely up to Russia the decision on whether the world is to move toward all-out war or a new, uneasy peace. Red Infantry, Tank Attack Takes City Heavy Losses Inflicted Upon Northern Invaders BULLETIN' Marine corps today advised all Its or- ganized reserve ground units lo be prepared to go on active duty on ten days notice. By The Associated Press I Tokyo, Friday Front dispatches said today the 24th. dl- Ivision was withdrawing from em- j battled Taejon and that the (whereabouts of its commander, IMajor General William F. Dean, was unknown. j A MacArtbur communique Is- sued at a. m. today, Japan daylight time, a. m. Thurs- day, C.S.T.) said the Americans clung to their positions but the communique appeared to be based on information that was old. The communique said a Korean tanmunlst infantry-tank attack Thursday afternoon was pressing at the city. Field dispatches indi- cated it had driven into Uie city, which was ablaze. Kockct Launchers The Americans held off the Red attack for several hours. They used 'or the first time the new 3.5 rocket aunchcrs which they said knocked out eight of the first ten Red tanks. The Air Force claimed, to have de- stroyed five additional tanks in the battle area. General Dean, who was at the front all day Thursday, was' seen once with one of these rockei launching teams. His whereabouts lives of two men, blacked out elec counter-offensive, was also a report from) drive on was tne first attack in force from their ground south of the mander in Korea. him nine years." Eisenhower was An Infantry Sergeant poses with the Army's new king-size bazooka in firing position. This new weapon, which, fires a 3.5 inch ground rocket, is credited with knocking out an official sevea out of seven Communist tanks in ;ts first battlefield test in Korea. This photo, made at Fort Benning, Ga., was released in Washing- Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) "I served under supreme Allied commander in Europe in World War He is available for active serv- ice again, but avers: "They need young GJ.'s who can earn' rifles worse than they need old generals now." Eisenhower said he did not see the Korean war as the start of a third world war, but rattier a prob- ing by Russia of "our wilt to fight against aggression." Lieutenant John P. McCann, Perhaps the most difficult of these is the question of whether to make use of German manpower. Some Western military leaders undisclosed spot. It was the first (Continued on Page 17, Column 3) news of Vishinksy since mid-May. There was no indication, how-j ever, that Vishinksy was in 3er- KOEEA have long felt that it was tial to get 3. large number of West- These events indicated to wary ern Germans under arms, partly'western observers that the many to offset the rearming of Eastern (leaders of the international Red Germany by Russia, but mostly to'organization here probably had add to the total strength of drawn to Berlin by more than ern Europe, in which the Socialist Unity congress, of Western Germany is a primary A related question is whether the Western powers should begin to make use of Germany's great in- dustrial production capacity for turning out material needed by the (Continued on Page 8, Column 7) DECISION Churchill Believes Big War Unlikely Belgium Votes King's Return Cotton Mill Fire Loss Matamoros, Mexico The !ire which, yesterday swept a Matamoros gin and four ware- houses did damage estimated at It destroyed thousands, 'of bales of cotton. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair and coo! tonight; lowest 56 in the city, 52 in rural areas. Partly cloudy and warmer Friday; highest 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 72; minimum, 54; noon, 72; precipitation, ,15; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 17. Leopold .TH was voted back to his throne by 1 the Belgian parliament today. He has been in exile in Swuzer- Bath Encland UP) Winston! since the war. The question of Churchill said today he does not bringing him back split Belgium think a great war is imminent. badly for months, with the Social- The wartime prime minister particularly being bitterly op- pressed belief that American firm-1 to his return. InAcc- iirill frtwacfiall rvra inv A SCSSlOn Of jness will forestall a major conflict i "But I am sure of he said in an address, "if there were any weakness or division in the English- speaking world, if it were not for the great and courageous champion- ship of the cause of freedom by the mighty United States, if outside the Iron Curtain there were not strong and loyal supporters of the main- tenance of peace, there could be no limit to the miseries which, the whole world would have to undergo." Churchill spoke to a crowd of A joint session of both houses of parliament cast 198 affirmative votes for Leopold's return, with most opposition Socialists, Liberals arid Communists abstaining in pro- test. There are 387 members :n both houses. The decision was on legislation to end the regency of Prince Charles, Leopold's brother. The opposition to Leopold was based in the main on two factors: 3. His early surrender to the Ger- mans in 1940. persons who attended a cere- 2. His marriage in 1945 to a mony at which the freedom of thelFlemish commoner after the death city of Bath was conferred on him. of his queen. f"