Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Showers, Cooler Tonight; Sunday Partly Cloudy VOLUME so, NO. m FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINO.NA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 15, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES FEAR KOREAN EVACUATION LEFT FLANK PUSHED BACK FROM KUM Red Soldiers Continue Drive Across River Mobilization Seems to Be The Only Answer Steamboat Days Official Program TONIGHT 1 p. m. Rushford Band Concert Levee Park Stage. 8 p. m. Five Acts Vaudeville, Levee Park Stage. p. m. Venetian Nights Water Parade, lighted with fire- works, Levee Front. Noon to Closing Midway Rides and Shows, Main Street. SUNDAY, JULY 16 9 s. m. to 11 a. m. Municipal Airport Breakfast Flight. Over 200 visiting airplanes. Public invited. p. m. Motorboat Races. prizes. 7 p. m. Winona Municipal Band Concert, Levee Park Stage. 8 p. m. Five Acts Vaudeville, Levee Park Stage. p. m. Fireworks Display from Latsch Bathing Beach. Seen from Levee Front. Noon to Closing Midway Rides and Shows, Main Street. Rivermen Enjoy Talkfest at Hotel The river is a "she" when you talk about it, but the people who do all tlie talking about her are all tie's. Some 50 persons who liks the Mississippi who think Or Man River has been good to together at the Hotel Republican-Herald photo Excited But Happy, Miss Steamboat Days stammered, "I can't believe when she re- An Army spokes- iman in Korea said tonight the American left flank had been push- ed back from the Kum river to a! new position by attacking Commu-j Inists. The advanced headquarters spokesman said the U. S. troops were holding firm at the center northwest of Taejon, but had been ceived the bouquet from Frank [moved back generally west, some TODAY- Russ Still Hope to Win Without War By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Only three weeks after the attack on Korea, predic- tions are already being made that the Kremlin will shortly attack other soft spot, and thus unleash a general war. The Soviet Polit- Wilder. queen committee chair- man, signifying she had been named queen for 1950. Miss Joan Vollmer, 4345 Sixth street, Good- view, center, accepts the bou- quet here from Mr. Wilder, At left is Miss Violet Jensen, Morey hall, an attendant, and second from right, Miss Alice Libera, 739 West Fourth street, another attendant. Miss Vollmer re- ceived the royal robe and crown from Miss Frances Rick, 1949 queen. Queen Joan To Reign Over Fete what from Taejon, the emergency capital. Northward, midway to Chongju, J50 miles from Taejon, South Ko- rean forces gave some ground. The spokesman said no Red [tanks had been seen south of the j river. But several were seen on two north-south roads west of Tae [jon. By Marilyn GilbertsoB A vivacious blonde with laugh-j ing hazel eyes was crowned "Miss Steamboat Days" of 1950 at the levee park stage Friday evening, Miss Joan Vollmer, 19-year-old daughter oC Dr. and Mrs. F. J. Vollmer, 4345 Sixth street, Good-, Heavy Mortar Fire Some Red Soldiers were seen ad- vancing under heavy mortar fire, Associated Press Correspondent William R. Moore at advanced headquarters said In a dispatch timed at p.m. Moore said the Red self-propell- ed 76 millimeter guns were be- lieved to have been brought into use. Earlier Moore had reported from Korea the Americans had stablil- ized their positions near the Kum (river toehold grabbed by the Corn- (munists earlier in the day. j Four Red tanks were destroyed [attempting ferry crossings of the (river. As far as was known here jno tanks had crossed the shallow Winona this noon and they were all I men. The river just isn't for at least when it comes to runningj boats on them; the best they can do, it seems, is stand on second story landings and watch for the steamboats comin' 'round the bend. view, chosen to reign over the ac- T h e Communists apparently were trying to drive a wedge be- tween the American right flank and South Korean troops defend- ing a sector ten miles south of Chongju. Heavy _ fighting raged in that iivitles, was crowned by Miss sector. The South Koreans were Francis Rick, 1949 queen, before [holding their own. in this battle, crowd of about 'William R. Moore, Associated Miss Vollmer will represent Wl-j Press correspondent said in a field Is America up to its boots in tough, all-out World War HI? It's time that citizens of the United States face the grim realities of the Korean war situation. It is obvious that military intelligence has underestimated the training, equip- ment and fighting ability of the North Ko- reans and that there is behlnd-the-scene direction of the war from Russia. Some reports indicate that North Korea has more combat troops in the battle than the U. S. has under arms everywhere. It takes no military genius to know that our tanks are no match for the huge 60-ton Russian tanks with 12-inch armor and we might as well admit that limited port facil- ities and air strips have bogged down our supply lines. The United States was prepared to de- fend Korea. But events have forced our Army from its defensive posi- tion in Japan into the field in Korea, As a result, our G. I.'s are dangerously outnum- bered and locked In a death struggle with battle-seasoned Red troops. The hard nucleus of the North Korean army is made up of Korean veterans of the Japanese Manchurian. army which was taken over by the Russian conquerors after V-J day. This leaves little doubt about Rus- sia's hand in the Korean war. Furthermore, these Koreans have already been baptized by fire in China and are armed to the teeth with Russian-supplied equipment. Although Russian officers are probably directing the fighting, there is no proof of this. At least a dozen reports have been re- ceived, mostly from South Koreans, claim- ing that Russian officers have been seen at the front. However, none of these reports has been confirmed, and no Russians have been killed or captured. We S. Army intelligence was caught off guard by the Korean invasion. Red troops had been massed on the 38th three inchra tal1' Sponsored by the sentative thev all liked the river'iBreras Sisn ComPany, she attend-1 There was little available infer sentative. tney all iiKea we river fh matinn nn iv, ,-o.v buro must indeed be almost irre-jand spent hours talking about it. sistibly tempted to further adven- ture, by the spectacle of the whole ordinary power of the United States being committed in Korea. Yet the evidence on balance sug- gests that the men in the have not as yet yielded to this I temptatio'n. j This evidence falls into several; Milk Prices Going Up at Madison, Wis. Madison, Wis, Madison's! [year and will be a student this fall (at Winona Secretarial school. She j plans to be a medical secretary. i Named as attendants to the queen were a brunette and a on the situation in the cen ter of the Kum river line. But evidently American forces there were holding. Small arms in the hands of U. S. soldiers repelled three attempt- I damage." Carl Lee, 29, Terre Haute, a tank truck driver, was inside a building near the tanks when the blast Oc- curred. He was knocked down, one cent a quart with de-i Alice Libera, 739 West ed dressings by Communists Fourth street, daughter of Mr. and boats. An attempted crossing Fri- C. M, Libera. and Miss Violetiday which the Americans smash- Morey hall, student at was made by about a com- parts. One part is found in Korea. liveries Sunday. It is considered highly significant! Regular milk will cost that since the United States homogenized vened in Korea, American air nona State Teachers college, shejpany of Red soldiers trying to bruised and cut. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy with occasional showers or thunderstorms tonight, turning i cooler late tonight with lowest 58. A watchman at a. nearby plant I Sunday partly cloudy and cooler, called police early today, reporting''highest 78. that two men were atop a 17 cents; 18 and; is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. !R. E. Jensen, Truman, Minn. Miss Libera, 19 years old and five walk across the ruins of a blown bridge. The Reds lost heavily in sharp suited from a boost of 40 er over the battlefront has" not! The been seriously challenged. Soviet air power in the Far East Is a match, and probably more than a match, for Amer- ican air power based on Ja- pan. In every other category, the Soviets clearly intend to use every means to force the American troops off She Asiat- ic mainland they h.ive al- ready committed the best Russian heavy tanks and long- range artillery. But they have not committed Soviet planes. According to the best Intelli- gence evaluation, this is for a simple reason. The men in the Kremlin are still unwilling to in- vits an open war by sending Rus- sians in to fight Americans and there are simply not enough non- Russian pilots to fly the Russian planes. This does not mean that the Soviets are unwilling to risk general war they have of course already done so. But it is taken to mean that they are still unwilling to invite a general war. The second item of evidence comes from Moscow. There the British Ambassador, Sir David Kelly, has held a number of con- versations on the Korean cri- sis at the Soviet Foreign Office. The Soviet diplomats have been, as al- ways, cautious and elliptic. But they have hinted that the Korean problem could easily be solved, on a satisfactory basis, if only the United States were reasonable if only, for example, the United States would recognize Communist China. This is, of course, a rather transparent attempt to drive a wedge between the United States and i's British ally. (Continued on Page 9, Column 7) j ALSOPS I increase re- per (feet, three and one-half inches tall. I artillery and small arms duels. !was sponsored by H. Choite The first crossing was made pounds.jabout 20 miles northwest of Tae- request of the Madison Milk Pro-] ducers' association. I (Continued on Page 9, Column 4) QUEEN (Continued on 9, Column 5) KOREA Talking: Over Old Times on the Mississippi at the Rivermen's ba'nquet this afternoon were from left, Milton Roundy 84, Wabasha, who was a riverboat engineer: R. J. Karnath. 75. Fountain City, a former captain who now hsis three sons similarly engaged; Roy T. Patneaude, president of the Associa- tion of Commerce which is sponsor of the banq'uet: George A. Schaeffer, 82, Homer, a former en- gineer on government boats, and AT. L. Fugina. Fountain City attorney and banquet toasonaster. Many other oldtimers on the river got together to swap yarns of the old days. Eepablican-Herald photo. hammering on it Officers investi- gated, but found no one. Lee reported for work soon after that and said he saw no one, but shortly afterward the explosion went off. Scores of buildings in the south centra'l section of the city were damaged. A window was blown out of a store in the downtown district, a mile and one-half from the scene. Alarmed citizens, aroused from their sleep, swarmed to the seen to watch the blaze which was con fined to the plant. All city polic and firemen were called out keep the crowd from the dange area and unsnarl traffic. Bonds Dedicated To First Casualty Pineville, W. "That1 for Kenneth WyominL county residents are saying today as they buy a V. S. savings bond Private Kenneth Shadrick o Skinfork was .the first American foot soldier killed in the Korean fighting last week. Nolan E. Isom, editor of the weekly Independent Herald anc radio news commentator, though of the slogan "That's for Kenneth Shadrick." Bond sales in the county almost doubled in one week. U.N. Recognition Of China Proposed London India has told i America and Russia she thinks the first step ending the Korean war quickly is to have Communist Chi- na admitted to the United Nations. Commonwealth officials said to- day this'was the general sense of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Neh- ru's personal messages to Prime Minister Stalin and Secretary of State Dean Acheson yesterday. All indications in Washington are that the United States will have noth- ing to do with the idea. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24iknown. hours ending at 12 m. today: Pilot Man Strapped To Cot Perishes In Plane Fire Hachiti, N. M. A sick man, strapped to a cot in an am- bulance plane, burned to death when the craft burst into names as it landed on an air field yes- terday. The victim was Lev. H. Prich- ard, Jr., 42, Oklahoma City and San Antonio oil operator. U. S. border patrolmen said the (the long plane made a "perfect total military but burst into flames the possibility of What caused the flames was not crises. Harrisburfi. Pa. Repre- Isentative James E. Van Zsndt iR.- Pa.) said today the United States "may have to evacuate Korea in the next 72 hours." Van Zandt, a member of the (House armed forces commiuee and [the joint atomic energy committee. made the statement in a speech j before the Pennsylvania convention jot the Veterans of Foreign Wars. "It is possible we may stand up and fight for the port' of Pusan. or Normandy will be repeated." Van Zandt declared. He referred to the amphibious operation neces- sary during World War n when U. S. and Allied Armies returned to the European continent. Later, Van Zandt told a reporter he based his opinion Dn the grounds that the Kum river is the last na- tural barrier against the Commu- nist troops. He said that his prediction of the imminent evacuation is entirely jhis own thinking and is not based (upon recent information from (Washington. j "It was generally agreed, how- lever, in Washington last Van Zandt said, "that if the Com- munists crossed the Kum river in force we would have to get out of the country Generals Confer At White House Washington President Tru- iman arranged to hear a direct re- port from the Army and Air Force chiefs of staff at p. m. (CST'i today on their trip to Japan and Korea. The two military leaders. General J. Lawton Collins of the Army and General Hoyt S. Vandenberg of the Air Force returned from their fly- ing trip only this morning. In Tokyo they conferred with General Douglas MacArthur who is directing United Nations efforts to drive the Korean Communist invaders back to North Korea. They also toured the battle front Secretary of Defense Johnson will sit in on the meeting, along with Deputy Secretary Stephen EaUy, and the secretaries of the Army, Navy and Air Force. Others invited included General Omar Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff and Admiral Forrest P. Sherman, chief of naval operations. Bradley visited the President during the morning to give Mr. Truman his daily briefing on the fighting. Meanwhile the State department is urging the White House to move quickly on marshalling more of the nation's industrial ;o bolster the' Korean campaign for power other J. P. Jones, Van Nuys, Maximum, 84; minimum. was burned on the face and noon, 77; precipitation, none; sunlhands as he scrambled from the sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 9. plane. A. F. Ford, Los Angeles, Calif., medical attendant, was un- hurt. The defense department is re- ported planning a greatly expanded military program to accomplish the same purposes. Senator Robertson CD.-Va.) told the Senate yesterday the adminis- "Our troops are damn well there and everything will come out all said. General J. Lawton Collins, left, Army chief of staff, as he arrived in Washington this morning from the Korean war theater with General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Force chief, today. The generals are stepping from their plane in a driving rain after a four and a half day flying trip to Japan and the Korean battlefront. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Her- ald.) tration may ask for an additional partly to finance operations in Korea and partly to reinforce the country's military might generally. Senator Lyndon Johnson (D.- Texas) told reporters he had been assured by administration officials that some National Guard men and isome Reservists will be called into the armed forces soon. Administration leaders expect that Mr. Truman will decide in the next few days precisely what lines of action he will take. He is then expected to Make his first full-dress announcements on the Korean crisis and its repercus- sions in Europe and Asia. These arc likely to come in the form of a (message to Congress and a radio report to the nation explaining his j policies and giving his estimates of jthe situation in which the United I States now finds itself. Revolt Breaks Out in Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador A re-' volt broke out here this morning bat its leaders were quickly ar- rested by government troops. The rebels cut communications I in a swift move before dawn. They also distributed leaflets claiming the revolution was na- tion-wide. There was no immedi- ate news as to the situation in Quito, the capital. Carlos Guevara Morena, interior minister jn the regime of deposed President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra, was the revolt leader, an army announcement said. Gueva- ra and other revolutionary lead- ers were arrested by government forces, the Army statement said. Captain Hugo Gavilanes of the Ar- my legal department said Gueva- jra sad others detained had been [lodged in the headquarters of the iGuayas army battalion.