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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight; Showers Saturday VOLUME 50, NO. 125 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 14, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES Steamboat Days Official Program TONIGHT S p. m. Banguet for Queen Contestants, Hotel Winona. 7 p. m. Mabel Band Concert, Levee Park Stage. B p. m. Civic Chorus Concert, Levee Park Stage. p. m. Style Show and Specialty Acts, Levee Park Stage. p. m. Queen Coronation Ceremonies, Levee Park Stage. 10 p. m. steamboat Excursion, Steamer Avalon. Noon to Closing Midway Rides and Shows, Main Street. SATURDAY, JULY 15 10 a. m. Doll Bugcy, Bicycle and Pet Parade, Third Street." (Floats, Bunds, Drum and Bugle Corps) a. m. Rlvermen's Homecoming Banquet, Hotel Winona. p. m. Five Acts Vaudeville, Levee Park Stage. 7 p. m. Rushford Band Concert Levee Park Stage. 8 p. m. Five Acts Vaudeville, Levee Park Stqge. p. m. Venetian Nights Water Parade, lighted with fire- works, Levee Front. Noon to Closing Midway Rides and Shows, Main Street. SUNDAY, JULY 16 9 a. m. to 11 a. m. Municipal Airport Breakfast Flight, Over 200 visitinjj airplanes. Public invited. P. m. Motorboat Races. S400 prizes. 7 p. m. Winona Municipal Band Concert, Levee Park Stage. 8 p. ra. Five Acts Vaudeville, Levee Park Stage. p. m. Fireworks Display from Latsch Bathing Beach. Seen from Levee Front. Noon to Closing Midway Rides and Shows, Main Street. Mabel Band Opens Festival Program At Levee Tonight First events of the 1950 Steamboat days to be presented at the levee REDS BREACH HUM RIVER UNE 11 Men Killed In Crash of B-50 Bomber in Ohio Second Superbomber Wrecked in Arizona Mishap Lebanon, Ohio Only a gap- hole in a field and shattered [pieces of metal today show where I an Air Force B-50 bomber crash- ed, carrying at least 11 men to their death. At El Paso, Texas. Biggs Field officers today announed the names of six of those killed in the crash. They said the names of the oth- ers would not be announced until j later in the day. The dead: Captain Paul E. Anderson, Jr., 129, El Paso. I i Staff Sergeant Ellis E, Smith, 'El Paso. Staff Sergeant James A. 29, Bertram, Texas. Staff Sergeant Russell E. Moore, 22, Salem, W. Va., (wife, Mrs. I Shirley Moore, Sergeant Alcide Danos, 22, Bay- town, Texas. Private First Class George L. Martin, about 21, Danberry, Neb. stage will begin tonight with a concert o'clock by toe" MabeTbandT Jolm Truman Martln' Another musical event will follow a concert of ten selections by1 the Winona Civic chorus, directed by Alvin Mickleson. Biggs officials said the plane) One of the outstanding numbers of the entire three-day program'was Gn a routine practice mission :wiU take place when the was carrying practice bombs. Steamboat Days" will be! The plane plunged into the icrowned by Miss Frances Rick, (ground on a farm near Lebanon, <1949 queen, following presentation! Ohio, and exploded. The impact of the candidates at p. m. and the blast tore a hole in the I A reception for Miss Jean John- eround WBS about IS feet [son, Minneapolis and at 75 feet Wlde- iqueen, to be held at 6 p. m. today! The big plane was blown to I at the Hotel Winona, will be There was little left thatl lowed by a banquet for the have been carried away contestants, Miss Johnson, Missjby an average-sized man. Bodies Decision on Calling National Armed Reserves Due Over Weekend NORfH KOREA Y.t., v v TODAY- Flanks Vulnerable in Korea By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington It is time to stop talking soothingly about "initial re- verses" in Korea. It is time to cease the pretense that the situa- tion there is only temporarily se rious, and will be shortly got well In hand. It is time, in short, to face the fact that we have a ma jor war on our hands, by the poor standards of existing American strength. It would not be a major war, of course. If we were not now confronted with the bitter fruits of American disarmament. But since we do not have, and cannot rapidly produce any great weight of power to throw Into Korea, we are going to find almost the least of all the Soviet satellites a tough military nut to crack. At the moment, of course, the position in Korea is par- ticularly critical. Of America's very limited and ill-equipped available forces, only, a very small number have as yet been brought to bear. These American units are concentrat- ed on a narrow front which, at this is along the Kum river and to the north of I Taejon. With the Americans thus concen- trated in the. center, no forces are yet available to protect the vul- nerable flanks, except the sorry remnants of the South Korean ar- my. American officers have been detailed to stiffen the South Ko- rean troops; yet very great concern is now felt at the Pentagon, par- ticularly about the eastern flank. An encircling movement, driving through these South Korean troops, would cut off the American force in its Kum river and Taejon po- sitions. It may well have been at- tempted, it may even have been carried out. in the short interval before these words reach print. This sort of thing, which we have already experienced once at Chon- an, is "the acute, immediate dan- ger. A solid, stable front has not yet been formed in Korea. It can- not be formed until much larger American furcfts have been land- ed there and made ready for bat- tle. Until that time, no amount of individual bravery will eliminate the possibility of our being driven into a narrow beachhead, or ev- en being forced to evacuate. The period of immediate, acute danger is likely, more- over, to be rather prolonged. The only useful Korean port now available to General Mac- Arthur is Pusan, with a single dock. Redeploying- the wartime special landing equipment to the Far fiast will be extreme- ly time-consuming. As for the possibility of an airlift of troops and supplies from the Japanese islands, airfields are almost nonexistent in Korea; the first priority is to build strips for fig-hiers to ffive our troops close support; aad the construction of large airfields suitable for big transports will have to come after that, All these difficulties and perils are, obviously, the price of having been caught by surprise. Unfor- (Continiied on Page 3, Column 4) ALSOPS Rick, the out-of-town judges and Aquatennial visitors. Judging at the hfiteljwjilLcontinue until the girls 'arrive at the stage. Minneapolis judges are Miss Grace and parts of bodies of the victims were scattered over a wide area. The expolsion was heard In this Warren county seat, four miles away. Windows were blown out of the college board at The Dayton Company: Ben Larson, art direc- tor of the Campbell-Mithun Ad- vertising agency, and Colonel V. L. Phillips, State Wing Commander, Civil Air Patrol, Minneapolis. Members of the Aquatennial] group will include Mr. and Mrs.! Luther Ford and Miss Lee Potter. Tres Goetting, state Jaycee presl- k Cotton, supervisor of the juniorja farm house one mile away. fashion department and head of Reports from witnesses as to just what happened varied. Two farmers living- near Fields and George Shumaker said they remarked that the plane appeared to be in trouble only a minute or two be- iore the crash. "There was no fire until the ex- Fields said. Anthony Van Holle, another farmer witness, said he thought he saw-fire coming from the plane just before it disappeared behind trees and crashed In the field. KOREA dent, ent. is also expected to be pres- To Pick Winner Announcement of the winner will be made In a new manner this year when Frank Wilder, queKj com- mittee chairman, hands a bouquet to the girl chosen. After receiving! the crown she will be gowned in! the royal robes and will be .seated) on her throne. Tucson, Arix. Survivors All contestants were guests today of a B-50 bomber crash said to- ol the Winona Boat club for an expolsion occurred just afternoon cruise up the Mississippi moments before the plane plunged river. They were entertained at thejout of control, carrying at least Oaks Night club Thursday eveningjone crewman to death. Six Jump Safely In Arizona Crash Tucson, Arrows Locate Areas of main North Korean Communist drives today as Communists on the west crossed the Kum river in an offensive against the American defense line (sawtooth The cross- ing was made west of Kongju in an apparent attempt to outflank the American positions. Other Red drives continued in the Chungju-Tanyang area and in the mountains to the east. (AP. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) at a get-acquainted dinner. Preceding the coronation cere- Six men parachuted to safety. Three others are reported miss- monies the Mrs. Jaycees will stage ing. their style show, the 'first to bei The four-engine Air Force plane Russia Seen Luring U. S. Away From Other Danger Spots C. Fay Washington Russia may be trying to lure the United states I followed the blasts, a .to so great a military effort in Korea that it could be helpless ffie British admiralt By Elton C. Washington A de- cision on whether to call the National Guard and Armed Forces Reserves to active duty may be reached soon after the return tomorrow of two mem- bers of the joint chiefs from the Par East. An informed official said to- day the Defense department is awaiting their return before deciding finally on whether to recommend those steps to the White House. The department apparently has advised the White House that such action may be neces- sary, but has not forwarded a definite recommendation. General J. Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff, ad Gen- era! Hoyt Vandenberg. the Air Force chief are due in Washington tomorrow. They have been in Tokyo conferring with General Douglas Mac- Arthur on his needs. With them they presumably will bring the latest picture of the Korean war, including whatever fresh requests Mac- Arthur may have made. While Collins and Vanden- berg have been away, the strategy-making joint chiefs of staff have been operating with only two members. General Omar Bradley, the chairman, and Admiral Forrest -Sherman, the chief of naval operations. United Nations Flag Presented To MacArthur MacArthur today accepted the flag of the Unit- ed Nations and said his command would "do all in its power to up- hold this noble ideal." The white globe surround- ed by laurel branches on a blue the "symbol of one of the greatest efforts man has made to free MacArthur declared. He is U. N. commander for the Ko- rean war as well as U. S. com- mander in chief and chief of the Allied occupation of Japan. The flag was presented by Gen- eral Joseph Lawton Collins, U. S. Army chief of staff, in a brief cere- mony at supreme Allied headquar- ters. The lhree-by-five-foot standard is the same one that flew over the Palestine headquarters of the late terrific explo-j Count Folke Bernadolte, U. N. sions rocked the naval in the Holy Land dispute, center of Gosport near the Ports- rr w Heavy Artillery Fire Poured on New Beachhead American Fliers Hamper Invading Ground Forces BULLETIN Belgrade Yugoslavia accused Bulgaria today of send- ing army patrols across the frontier yesterday in four sepa- rate incidents in which shoU were exchanged and one Bul- garian soldier killed. By Leif Erickson Advanced American Headquar- ters, Korea, fighting flared on the American Kum river front late last night after a small Communist force crossed I he river despite U. S. ar- tillery and plane attacks. A headquarters spokesman said Communist guerrillas hit an Amer- iican artillery unit in force iRed artillery hammered American I lines. I The Communist guerrillas (green twill fatigue uniforms such as the Americans wear, the spoke- man said. Presumably the uniforms j taken from American dead or from JG.I. prisoners, the spokesman ported. j "They don't operate according to any rules of uniformed [he added. Enemy Behind Lines The infiltration behind American I lines has been building up for past several days, and the attack: on American artillery dis- closed the guerrilla mustering of strength, the spokesman said. The Communist Kum river crow- ing was reported made west of j Kongju by a force of little than 100 men. The guerrilla attack in the rear. plus Intensive night fighting with an artillery barage showed the Communists had launched their 2 Terrific Explosions In England I mouth navy yard tonight, and fire spokesman ,y announc- Steam-icarried Technical Sergeant Robert, bathinglL, Jones of Tucson, Ariz., to conference yesterday and his ;iven in connection with mat Days. Suits, dresses, _. -------......._., ._ _, suits, formals and sports outfits'flaming- death on a hillside in rePlV- (Continued .on Page 8 Column 3) mountains, 40 miles north-! He was asked, Are we prepared STEAMBOAT challenge large-scale aggression elsewhere. Illustrating this is a question posed for President Truman at a least of the city, it exploded andlto resist aggression everywhere in burned when it plunged into ttiejtne world0' ground early yesterday. Winona's 21 Candidates for the title of 1950 ''Miss Steamboat Days" and Miss Frances Rick, 1949 queen, posed for a group picture following a get-acquainted smorgasbord dinner Thursday eve- ning at the Oaks, where they were guests of Chef Walter Kelly. Chairman Frank Wilder of the queen committee introduced Miss Rick and the contestants to the audience at the Oaks. The girls rehearsed this afternoon at the levee stage for the presentation ceremony before going on a cruise up the river, sponsored by the Winona Boat club. Seated from left above are the Misses Jean Feils, Ruth Grotjahn, Prances Rick and Shirley Albrecht; second row, Arlene Braatz, Marilyn Eggers, Gloria Stanek. Ramona Blagsvedt. Alice Patzner, Violet Jensen, Joan Vollmer and Gloria Tainter; third row, Alice Libera, Mary Lelwica, Janice Erickson, Winifred Kunst, Geraldine O'Neill, Bemita Krause, Cecelia De Gross, Marian Mahlke, Ruth Wood and Marlene Fratzte. Republican-Herald photo would have to be met as it devel- oped. Military leaders at the Pentagon attach importance to persistent His reply was that the situation rumors of concentration of Chinese Communist forces and the enroll- ment of Russian volunteers for the j aid of the North Korean Comma- inist army. But this foreign-power help may not be thrown suddenly into the war to crush South Koreans and drive American forces out of Ko- rea for a quick victory. Instead, the Moscow-dictated strategy may be to feed the help in gradually, always maintaining superiority in force and compelling the Unit- ed States to put more and more divisions, planes and warships in- to the campaign. Test Battle-Skill Meanwhile in these early months of the war, the Korean campaign will afford Russia opportunity to measure the battle-skill of Ameri- can troops, airmen and sailors and important the effec- tiveness of American weapons. It can also provide an index for the Russians to decide how deter- mined and how prepared the Unit- ed States is to fight at any point where Moscow pushes the remote- control button of war. General Omar Bradley, chair- man of the joint chiefs of staff, (Continued on Page 12, Column 1.) RUSSIA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair and warmer tonight. Saturday increasing cloudiness with chance of local afternoon or evening thun- dershowers. Somewhat warmer. Low tonight 56; high Saturday 85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations lor the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 78; minimum, 54; noon, 78; precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at I Additional weather on Fate 3. ed. First reports were that the blasts, U. N. official said. Collins, speaking for General Omar N. Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, told the first commander of D. N. troops: We are wholly in support of a quarter of an hour apart, oc-'your efforts here and pledge the! curred in a lighter from the Beden-l fullest support within our capabili- ham ammunition depot. The blasts were felt 12 miles away.-The fire spread to the depot itself. ties to assist you in this great en- deavor." General Douglas MacArthur, commander in chief, of the Far East command, right front, receives the United Nations emblem? center, at Tokyo from General J. Lawton Collins, left front, U. S. Army chief of staff. The U. N. flag is in the center. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Settlement Terms department said today the min- imum condition for a solution of the Korean crisis is for the northern Communists to stop lighting and withdraw to their own territory. A department spokesman also declared that the "proper for- um" for trj-iny to settle the crisis is the United Nations: that this is no matter for di- rect negotiation between Mos- cow and Washington. These basic points of Ameri- can policy were brought out at a news conference while Secre- tary Acheson was still consider- ing a personal message from Prime Minister Nehru of In- dia on the Korean crisis. The spokesman, Press Offi- cer Lincoln White, said he pre- sumed Acheson would send Nehru an answer but none gone out yet. full-scale attack to breach the Kum river line which guards Taejon, vital rail and highway center. The headquarters spokesman said the Reds have two or three divi- sions facing the Americans on the river line. South Korean police ordered an alert and midnight curfew in Tae- jon, 20 miles southeast of Kongju. Earlier General MacArthur's com- munique said the 34th infantry regiment was in position near Kongju. Artillery fire from both sides of the Kum was active but a heavy [American counter battery barrage silenced the Red guns in late after- noon. Set up Headquarters Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker assumed command of ground forces in Korea and estab- lished advance headquarters In a South Korean city. The previous advanced headquar- ters of American forces will revert to a field headquarters near the front. Military quarter.? indicated un- officially that Walker has at ast one division of G. L's in Korea and reinforcements are being sent. Withdraw! of the South Korean government from Taejon had been planned as the enemy drove south- ward from Seoul, Red-captured (Continued on Page 12, Column I.) KOREA Trygve Lie Asks Troops For Korea Lake Success U. N. Secre- tary General Trygve Lie urgently appealed today to 52 D. N. members for ground forces and other as- sistance for the U. N. Korean war
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