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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 7, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair and Warmer Tonight and Saturday Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME so, NO. 119 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 7, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES Ordered in Korean nsis Wartime Jitters- J C J C J.L D I "Sugar Plentiful, ioutn Korean break H carders Too Plenty of Sugar, Dealers Report That wartime its ugly head in Winona this week. Fear of war. fear of shortages, lear of were con- tributing to a buying spree ol sugar, nylons. tires, sheets and such things as work clothing. "It's silly." said one retailer. "When buyers go on a binge to stock up on goods, they merely push the price up higher and create artificial shortages. They hurt them- selves in ihe long run." I Rumors of imminent rationing are untrue, according to nation- jally circulated newsletter from iWashington, D. C. There is no I shortage or rationing in sight I barring a real war the newslet- Ncw York -i.fl- Some people; ter emphasizes .There is absolutely apparently have got the idea thatino need for a panic, another sugar shortage might be; But like elephants, some people at hand, but trade sources say the never forget. They remember reverse is true: There's a in line, they remember %f it- r their red and green coupons. Worn- Reports have come from rocall how they had to go bare- parts of the country that f0r tne of nylon wives have been buying more su-jhose. Coffee drinkers can't forget gar than usual at stores, and to take their breakfast j drink black because sugar was ra- larmers have been taking Motorists remember how 100-pound sacks of it. [they had to oaby threadbare tires. Sugar brokers attribute suchj Apparently some buying to war nerves and memo-j just like residents all ries of World War II shortages.! had vowed not to get caught Actually, they said yesterday, j short this time, the Korean war should have no por instance, a hosiery sales-1 feet on sugar supplies at grocery wornan at a local department storej 15 Divisions, 150 Tanks Pace Communists Americans Building Up Forces for Showdown Battle stores. TODAY- Nation Still Has Time to Save Itself By Joseph and Stewart AIsop Washington 'They ring the bells remarked Sir P.obert Walpole when England went to war with Spain in 1739; '-but they will! soon be wringing their The first elation, engendered by Presi- dent Truman's decision to meet the Korean challenge, is passing al- ready. Everywhere in America people are beginning to realize that we are fearfully weak and most dangerously situated. It is fortunate this awakening has come so soor., when we still havej time to save ourselves. But it Isj also urgent to find out where we i have gone wrong, and to correct! our errors with the utmost ruth- said. "One woman came in and bought nine pairs. Many are buy-! ing three, six, seven pairs of ny- lon; 's. But our supplies are good." Getting Ready 1 In another store, it was pointed jout that there had' been no notice- able run on women's hose (no fun "We're thinking about buying in some extra stockings the manger said, "just in case there is a buying spree." The same was true with tires. Several dealers said they had ex- perienced some heavy buying, ob- prompted by a war' scare from the Korean conflict. BULLETIK Tokyo, Saturday (jp> A headquarters spokesman said today American tanks have ar- rived in Korea and the troops would "be given tank support." His statement indicated the tanks have not yet gone into action, however. The spokesman declined any comment on the number, size or present whereabouts of the tanks. i By Leif Erickson Tokyo General MacArth- jur said in his communique tonight [North Korean Communists pressed their enveloping- movement with two divisions in the Pyongtaek area, 23 miles south of Suwon. MacArthur said the front line reached from a point north of Chonan, the most southern point (approached by the Reds, north-1 I west to Magung, which is 25 milesl jwest of Pyongtaek, to Chungju on to the east coast. The general from west to least the First, Third and Fourth T 'North Korean divisions were spear- than advance. hours after the Santa Fe rail- The Fifth division was probing road's gleaming. El Capitan' tragi- 'First Lieutenant Jack B. Eno, above, U. S. Air Force flyer from Lansing, Mich., escaped with minor injuries when he crash landed his B-26 bomber in the sea returning from a raid on Korea with a bomb stuck in the bay. (A.p. Wirephoto.) Second Wreck On Santa Fe Near Galesburg Monica, III. "Some farmers omnct. Ically piled up yesterday in a twist- who normally ,______, .____. wouldn't bay winter tread tires and heavy tractor tires until fall have been said one dealer. Most of the tire dealers agreed that buying had been heavier than usual but that there was nothing exceptional. There seems to be ed mass of stainless steel, its sis- west from Wonju 'with some ele- ments moving west of Ansong. Guerrilla- activity was reported on the east coast near Yongdok, ter westbound train also was de-jioo miles south of the 38th layed by a derailment. But in the second mishap no one was injured. The passengers were not even shaken as three of the fear on the part of consum-IJ1 that the natural rubber the Sround tent of tires will be reduced if there is a general rationing, and so some people are buying up an extra set track at nearby Galesburg. a transfer the communique said. Earlier in Korea, a South Ko- rean source had reported the re- capture of Pyongtaek and Chung- ju from the Reds ir. an apparent counter move by the American and South Korean forces. of tires, they Rail Strike said. Confusing Keport crews! A South Korean colonel, consid- the dou-jered reiiable, said the report of ble track right-of-way here recapture of the two towns nine passengers were killed and Meanwhile, wrecking cleared one mainline of about 75 injured in the earlier Another dealer said he was Traffic over the line was re- but he said by the recent railraod strike -which I limited freight shipments. Wrecking crews still worked lessness. .This, then, is the first part of an inquest into these! Department stores said I today at picking up the wreckage there of the 70-mile-an-hour Kansas City from North Korean reds was made to the South Korean army. Amer- ican headquarters in Korea not reported recapture of towns. Both were taken by Communists yesterday. An unconfirmed South Korean had the the Basically, there has been on- ly one, single, all-embracing1 er- ror. In the years since the end of the second war. we have been the leaders of the West in an effort to contain and drive back Soviet imperialism. In the course of this effort, g r e a measures have been launched, great sums have been expend- ed. Even so, however, not half enough has been done. was some scare buying of and the extra-fare, all-coachireport said a Red column headed and pillow cases. One concern re-90-mile-an-hour El Capitan which two tanks and two armored [ported that a woman came in and I bought up S100 worth of work cloth- jing. But it was pointed out ishe was shopping for two fam I crashed at a.m. yesterday. The trains, were bound for Chi- NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA Ceilings Lifted On Various Armed Services Enlistments Opened to All Branches II. S. And South Korean forces (open arrow) were reported today to have recaptured Chungju and Pyongtaek important road junctions in area south of Suwon. There was no confirmation from American headquarters. A Red column (dark arrow) was reported north of Yangdok and appar- ently aiming (broken arrow) at Pysan, main South Korean port and supply base. Black is approximate extent of Red invasion. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) cars threatened the southeastern! Pusan area. The East coast force! that such buying was not unusual i train control. for her. This means that signal lights or- But where the hoarding in- jdinarily seen on block signals on clination was most apparent was with regard to sugar jthe right-of-way flash in the engi- Ineer's cab. Santa Fe officials said jthe procedure is an everyday op- hgav ierating maneuver. troops were landed in Korea. Rush in Supplies Meanwhile, both sides rushed men and supplies into the muddy, red clay area along the winding Kum river for what appeared to I be an imminent battle involving j Downtown groceries and super-! i markets reported definite of polili-.: buying in sugar along with some th rh, f p d coach1 cal. economic and, above all. demand for commodi- e fuuman ana coacnja small American force. As the El Capitan speeded ahead [upwards of Korean reds and egic. have not been created. this reason, and for this ri-n.'o Forties such as coffee, soap and short- on-! cning. The price on sugar, they its mail car swayed, left the rugged river country just of ten cents "l -ess steel Cars l.v, the masters of the Kremlin i ncreed, has not gone up above the have dared to embark upon their I usual seasonal rise due to the Korean adventure, and American'nimr need, that troops are now fighting upon Ko- hundred pounds, rean soil. .Pew In the mini However, have experienced any, increase in demand. One of leadership of the! (Continued on Page 13. Column 5) and side of the locomotive. ter. to Truman administration in the last two years. In fairness, however, it! must be remembered that every! administration works in the climate! created by the political oppositionl! Therefore it is appropriate, in this first part of our inquest, to look at the Republican record. The record rather shows that the most typical Congressional Republicans have been voting the straight Com- munist party line, or something very close to it, during all these last crucial years. Of course, Senator Arthur H.! Vandenberg and others who havej followed his superb leadership, i such As Senator Henry Cabot, i Lodge of Massachusetts, have! made as great contributions as did! Robert A. Lovett or James V. Por-i restal. But take the- votes of Rep-' resentative V'uo Marcantonio as representing the Communist par-1 ty line. Then take the votes of the' acknowledged Republican chieftain.! Senator Robert A. Taft, the party] floor leader. Senator Kenneth1 Wherry, and a typcial rar.k and' filer. Senator James P. Kem. Lay the votes of Marcumoniol side by side with the votes of these! representatives of the dominant Right-Wing Republican group. You then discover that whenever con-i taining: Soviet imperialism has been! tha issue, there has been hardly a! penny to choose between the sim-l on-pure party-liner Congressman of! the American Labor party and the three Republican Senators who art-: (Continued on rage S, Column ALSOP Eighteen of the gleaming stain- ss steel cars from both trains j jumbled together, but none turned Trackage was ripped up for under way, SUGAR quarter of a mile. An investigation is but no results have been announc- t that cago, 148 miles northeast of here. was reported 8o mnes north of the! nilies.jThe Chief was on the normally important pjrt and suppiy basel-imffC IAF i westbound Jrack under automatic where first American seaborne UliUj lUl Bomb Plants Truman Asks Russians Step Up German Maneuvers Washington Tru- man today asked Congress for to speed development of atomic bombs and push experi- By Thomas A. Keedy S. intelligence agents disclosed today that the Rus- Washnjrton The govern- ment today ordered use of the draft to add some men to the armed services. Voluntary enlistments also were invited. Presumably the number of volunteers will determine how many will be drafted to bring the fight- ing forces to full strength to back up American troops fighting in. j Communist-invaded South Korea. No men have been drafted in the last 18 months. The selective service system, how- ever, has continued to register and classify youths. On June 23 some men between the ages of 18 and 28 were classified. Of that'number were in fit for mili- tary service. Announcement of the decision to invoke the draft was made at Pentagon. President Truman si- multaneously summoned congres- sional military leaders to the White House to tell them of the decision. As the use ol the draft was or- dered, defense officials announced that over-all ceilings on branches of the armed services had been lift- ed. This means that the Army, Navy and Air Force can go beyond their present budget ceilings on military personnel. Economy restrictions up to now have prevented expansion of the fighting forces. The latest total strength figure given for all the services was nbout The authorized strength is The text of the short announce- ment made at the Pentagon fol- lows: "To meet (he situation in Ko- rea, upon recommendation of the joint chiefs of staff, con- curred in by the secretaries of Army, Navy and Air, and with the approval of the President, the Army, Navy and Air Force have been authorized to exceed the over-all budget ceilings for military personnel. "This action constitutes first step to build up to full operating strength the units of the Army, Navy and Air Forca to be used in the Korean oper- ation, to provide further main- tenance and support therefore, and to replace units to be mov- ed to Korea. "The use of selective service bar been authorized. Voluntary enlistments also will be ac- cepted." The announcement did not con- any estimated figure for the new military expansion. The latest total strength figure tracks, and whipped into the first nortn of xaejon is likely to be- .._ Kansas city rome the battleground. on the hydrogen bomb. The American commander in Ko-f Mr. Truman said the money rea estimated the northern be used to enable the Atom- ers' strength. He said the Reds had thrown 15 divisions and 150 tanks into South Korea. So fast were the Communist (Continued on Pase 9, Column 5) ed. on 9, KOREA sians have stepped up normal summer maneuvers in East Germany. given for the armed forces was These informants saici that in East Germany eight Soviet divisions about are going through special exercises. Some involve tank-supported river crossings.---------------------------------------------------- Experts, who with increased in- terest have noted every Russian! move here since the Korean fight-] ing broke out, said this increased Red troop activity could be a nor- mal step designed to let the ic Energy commission "to build additional and more know who is boss and plants" to carry oat his directive I Possibly to give Western Allies 'a dose of jitters. A senior American officer con-i icurred in this view and said Al aren't too stepped-up of January 31 ordering work oni the H-borr.b. The President said the leaders mental objective is to use about the energy for peace, but he added: Soviet maneuvers. "Until this objective is achiev ed, however, we must strengthen Watch Maneuvers American intelligence agents our own defenses by providing theihave been to watch the Kus ._ sian moves closely, however, on the chance that the Soviets might be planning to stage something similar to the Korean action over here. The informants said that five Soviet divisions are training be- tween Berlin and the Elbe river. They reported another three Red divisions holding war games north necessary atomic energy capac ity." He pointed out in a statement that his January directive called on the AEC "to continue its work on all forms of atomic weapons, including the hydrogen or fusion bomb." No Mention of Pike Mr. Truman did not mention Keep Congress In Session, Plea of G.O.P. sen- atorial candidates enlisted the help of G.O.P. leaders today in a drive to keep Congress in session while Sumner T. Pike, who has been of Berlin in the Mecklenberg area, trying to illustrate the best ways of encircling the fortified position. Between now and the end of August, Allied experts believe the acting chairman of the AEC by name, but he had these words to say in connection with his confi- dence in the commission: "In this new undertaking (speed- ing the progress of the atomic wm at least half ergy program) the Atomic Energy commission has my complete con- fidence, based upon the able and As Part Of Their Town Burns, South Koreans somewhere near the battle line flee advancing Com- munist forces from North Korea, Buildings apparently were set afire by Red bombers or artillery. Refugees take only what they can carry. j (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) vigorous leadership it has given to the atomic energy program in the past." Pike's nomination for a new term has been bottled up in the Senate where a vote on confirma- tion is set for Monday. The Presi- dent emphasized yesterday his confidence in Pike and said he is backing him 100 per cent. Piks's term expired last Friday. Concerning the new money ask- ed, Mr. Truman said the plants to be built would be "of advanced design" and their operation will "provide new knowledge that will to sharpen the East German speed the progress energy program. of the atomic training of t armies. The high American officer, min- imizing the significance of the maneuvers, commented: "The Soviet army in East Ger- many was 20 divisions in 1946. It is 20- divisions in 1950. It is no .bigger than before and certainly a lot less effective than it was in the past. The total number of Red soldiers is pegged at about The Korean outburst did not affect it in the east." The Russians have always main- tained an armed force in East Germany as large as the combin- ed American, British and French force in the West. i Korean fighting continues. Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the G.O.P, floor leader, indicated he is abandoning plans to go Of that, the Army had the Navy and Marines and the Air Force The Army probably will be the first to benefit by the new order. Its combat strength has been whit- tled down from the wartime peak [to only 11 divisions. Pour of these divisions are in the Far East with part of them either in or headed for the Korean war front. The four divisions are part of an over-all strength in the Far East of about men. Bazooka Squad Member First G.I. To Die in Korea with Democratic chieftains on a proposed August 1 adjournment. "Congress ought to be here and be prepared to act if any new Pinevflle, W. Va. Boyish, I blue-eyed Kenneth Shadrick left p0rk and joined the Army when he was 17 because he wanted "to see some A year and of the world." half later, a roa- jchine gun burst cut him down in la. graveyard on the outskirts of So- crisis arises with regard to thejjong, in South Korea. At 19, he re- Korean Wherry told a reporter. "With the Korean situa- tion as it is now, it is unreasonable to think of recessing." Senator Myers of Pennsylvania, the acting Democratic leader, said that while he would like to Congress finish its work by portedly is the first American foot soldier killed in the Korean con- flict. He died half-way around the world from Pineville High school. where he quit the junior basketball squad to enlist gust 1, it's obvious that no deci- sions can be made until there is some definite turn for the better in the Korean fighting. i Any delay in congressional ad- Ijournment is likely to hamper two 'important Democrats Senators Lueas of' Illinois and Myers in their re-election campaigns. Lucas Is opposed by former Rep- resentative Everett Dirksen, Re- publican who has been campaign- ing informally for months. Myers is opposed in the November elec- see Army. varsity in the tion by James H. Republican Duff, who is start a vigorous campaign. Governor ready to WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair and warmer tonight and Sat- urday. Low tonight 60, high Sat- urday 88. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations lor the 2t hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; ,mininarrn, 55- noon, 84; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional Weather on Page 13
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