Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Continued Cool Tonight; Showers Saturday Baseball Tonight p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 114 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 30, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES U.S. GROUND TROOPS SENT TO KOREA The Welcome Sign Came Down today at the Winona Lock and Dam 5-A following a federal restric- tion banning visitors from the installation. The order affects all locks and dams between St. Louis and Minneapolis. Taking down the "visitors welcome" portlon.of the sign are Lockmaster Harold Olson, left, and Milton Reed, lockman. Republican-Herald photo U. S. Means Business in South Korea By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The purpose of V V W Dams Closed To General Public President Truman's decision to or- der American air and naval forces into action in Southern Korea is I dams along the river. simply to persuade the Kremlin Navigation and river fishing are The war moved a little closer to Winona today. As a security measure, all locks and dams on the Mississippi river between Minneapolis and St. Louis were closed today to the public. Only two weeks ago on the 175th anniversary of the Army Corps of Engineers, the public had been given a special invitation to visit the reservoirs, locks and dams on the river. Welcome signs been posted for the general public taken down today by personnel at master Harold Olson at p.m. the United States means what It says. It is hoped that the Krem-, 3in, convinced that the United States means business, will soon call off its puppets. But Truman and his chief advisers are perfect- ly aware that if this does not hap- pen, it will then become necessary using other to stay the whole course, ground forces and every means to finish what has been begun. This course is clearly implicit in the President's decision. Yet the Army may resist it. To under- stand why. it is necessary to go back many months, to a National Security Council policy decision unaffected by the order, but the wartime ban on visitors was re-j stored and will be in effect until further notice. Colonel R. L. Dean of the Rock Island district of the Corps of En- gineers said only persons with au- thorized business at the dams or locks will be admitted if they have proper identification, Colonel Dean said the order had come from Washington and that it was a primary security measure. He said he hoped it would not be mlsin- terpreted as a cause for any public alarm. The restriction order was re- approved by Truman at the time ceiVed at Winona dam by Lock American troops were withdrawn j from Korea. This policy decision was supposed to answer the ques- tion "What will the United States do if the Communists attack after the American troops have Because of this policy deci- sion, when the Communists struck on Saturday night, a plan of American counter-ac- tion was ready in the top sec- ret files of the State and De- fense departments. This is why a'lmos't head-on with a gasoline an immediate appeal was made to the United Nations, Onalaska Youth Killed in Crash La Crosse, Wis. An 18- year-old Onalaska youth was killed 'today when an automobile collid- tank truck. and General MacArthur was ordered to supply the Korean forces with surplus arms, ev- en before Truman returned on Sunday from Missouri to Washington. The National Security had unanimously acreed in vanqe on both these steps, they were therefore automatic. limits, when the Korea policy paper was being written, a basic disagree- ment emerged on a third, and much more vital issue. This was whether to send American forces to Korea, if all else failed. From the first, the State Department, supported by the Navy, took the position that in case of attack it would be absolutely essential to honor the American moral com- mitment in Southern Korea, by whatever means. Yet also from the first, the Ar- my, generally supported by the Air Force, had bitterly opposed any commitment of troops to Southern Korea. The Army, always more exclusively military-minded than the other services, argued that in case of general war. Korea could not be defended, and was thus without strategic value. This is true. But the Army disregarded the disastrous political conse- quences of throwing Korea to the wolves. This division between his ad- visers was finally settled by Truman in favor of the Army. Thus when Truman got back to Washinjrton, lie found an of- ficial decision, approved by himself, which ruled out the use of American forces in Ko- Then came the late, anxious ses- sion in Blair house on Sunday night. The men at Blair house were faced, not with a remote and imaginary contingency, but with the brutal reality of aggression. This lent added force to the words of Secretary of State Dean Ache- son, who pointed out that the fall of Korea could only be the prelude to general disaster. Yet the issue was not settled Sunday night, part- The dead youth, Robert Orr. was riding in a car driven by Keith Holte, 18, also of Onalaska. Holte told La Crosse county authorities an automobile ahead of him slow- ed suddenly and in order to avoid hitting it from r.he rear he swung car into the path of the truck. accident occurred on highway and he just each of the La Crosse city Thursday. Mr. Olson said he wa: instructed to put the measure- into effect- at 8 a.m. today and that the welcome sign for visitors had been taken down. At Whitman dam, which is 13 miles north of Winona, Lockmas- ter Carl C. Coe said he also re- ceived the order by telephone from the St. Paul district office Thurs- day afternoon. Mr. Coe said that during the tourist season, an average of IS or more persons visit the locks each day. "We kind of like to have them come." he said. "We give them a guide if they come in a party, and we used to let them have free run of the place." But, of course, said Mr. Coe, the order means that the tourists will to gaze down at the dam and locks from highway 61. It will be just like World War II as far s.s the restrictions go. The dams were closed to the public for about six months following the end of hos- tilities. The Fountain City boatyard of the U. S. Corps of Engineers also was affected by the order. Fabian [Dickinson, engineer in charge, said the boatyard instituted the ban at p.m. yesterday. Russians Turn Down U.S. Plea To End Fight Charge Foreign Powers Interfering In South Korea Moscow Eussia last night turned down a United States re- quest for the Soviet union's help in getting North Korean forces out of South Korea. A note addressed by Deputy For- eign Minister Andrei A, Gromyko to U. S. Ambassador Alan G. Kirk said the Soviet government does not approve the "interference of foreign powers in the internal af- fairs of Korea." The U, S. had asked also for assurance that the Soviet govern- ment would "not take upon itself the responsibility for this unpro- voked and unjustified attack." Russia replied that responsibil- ity for the fighting in Korea "lies with the South Korean authorities and with those who stand behind them." There was no elaboration in the note of the phrase "those who stand behind them." Views Differ 'The events which are going on Korea were provoked by the at- tack of the troops of the South Korean authorities on the frontier areas on Northern the So- viet message added. (Previously announced United Nations findings showed that North Korea began the hostilities last Sunday by invading the south- ern The Soviet government said it had "corfinned its traditional principle of noninterference in the internal affairs of other states" by withdrawing its troops from Ko- rea "earlier than did .the U. S. jovernment." (The Russians on December 31, 1948, announced they had with- drawn all their occupation tioops from North Korea, but a United Nations commission later was re- fused permission to visit Commu- nist-dominated northern area. The United States last July 1 an- nounced withdrawal of all its ;roops from South Korea except for about 500 military advisors re- Secretary Of Defense Louis Johnson, in the center, rubs his chin as James J. Strebig, second irom left, of The Associated Press and other reporters question him this morning in Washington as he leaves President Truman's conference with diplomatic, military and congressional leaders. Johnson would not say what units are going to Korea under Truman's authorization of the use of American ground troops. "There may be those who would like to know what is on the Johnson remarked. (A.P, Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) Three Killed By Southbound North Western The Russians denied a statement in the American note that the So- viet representative had refused to take part in the security council meeting June 25, at which a cease- fire in Korea was ordered. Claim China Barred The Soviet government, its note said, could not take part in sec- urity council meetings "since by virtue of the attitude of the U. S. overnment, the permanent mem- er of the security council not admitted to the coun- cil." 1 (Russia insists that Communist! !hina should be admitted to the U. N. as the only legal representa- tive of This, the note declared, "made Green Bay, Wis. A moth- er and her two small daughters were killed Thursday when a southbound North Western rail- road passenger train collided with their automobile at a crossing near Krakow (Shawano Dead were Mrs. Arvella Ahls- weed, 27, of Pulaski, and her daughters, Carol, four and Alice, six. A third child, Gerald, eight, was reported in serious condition at St. Vincent hospital here. The train was traveling at an Korean 35 miles per hour when it struck the automobile as it mov- As In AH War, South Korean refugees follow a rail line to the south, ahead of the invading Communist North Korean forces. Visitors will be banned, he impossible for the security coun- but he believed there would be 1 oil to take decisions which have no interference with permitting the I legal force." U. S. dredge Thompson and other! Kirk delivered the U. S. note riverboats from taking part in the I to Gromyko last Tuesday. The Steamboat Days festival at Winona Russian reply was broadcast last July 14 to 16. At that time, theinight by Moscow radio and was public will be permitted to inspect [published today by the official So- the boats at the Winons, levee. Ivlet news agency Tass. ed east toward Krakow, according to Harvey Stubenvall, Shawano county coroner. The train was de- layed 45-50 minutes. Engine Trouble Blamed for Crash Of Troop Carrier Smyrna, Tenn. ftfl Engine trouble is blamed for the crash of two big C-119 t r o o p-transport planes based at Sewart Air Base Andresen's Farm Import Cut Beaten Washington The attempt jof Representative August H. An- dresen (R.-Minn.) to regulate im- ports of potatoes, cheese, eggs and hams was defeated yesterday in the House of Representatives. On a standing vote, the House, voted 51 to 32 against adding those! Marshal Harry J. NORTH KOREA (Contiuued on Page 9, Column 1) ALSOF Seo Of Japan PAKALLfl here in two days. One C-119 packet carrying a five- man crew crashed near Decatur, Ala., yesterday injuring two crew- men. The Sewart information office said the craft's right engine failed causing the plane, loaded with 000 gallons of high-octane gasoline to crash. The gas did not ignite. Yesterday's mishap came just 19 SOUTH KOREA 50 Pohangdang s STATUTE MilES A North Korean Force, indicated by an arrow, spearheaded by 40 to 50 armored vehicles, made a breakthrough south of Seoul according to word received by the Defense department in Washington to- day. A department spokesman said the tanks and armored cars may have forded the Han river. In North Korea, an announcement from the Communist capital city of Pyongyang, indicated by a blast symbol, said the city had been bombed by American planes. Wirephoto to The Republican- HeraldJ Ohioan Admits Setting Fire To Ringling's Colunjbus, Ohio Ohio Fire Callan today items to.a bill to continue Robert Dale Segee, 21, Cir- controls on fats and oils, rice Ohio, has signed state- rice products. "Potatoes, cheese, eggs China and Polish hams are ing into this country at a when we have a farm support pro- and injured 412 others in 1944. jinents admitting he set the Bingl- com_ling Brothers circus fire in Hart- timeUord, Conn., that killed 168 persons Andresen told the House. D Albert Lea Protests Federal CenSUS Count Callan said Segee also admitted setting between 25 and 30 major fires in Portland, Maine, between 1939 and 1946, other fires in New Hampshire and Ohio and that he Albert Lea, Minn.-OT-The Al- is Personally responsible for slay- berb Lea city council has ing of four persons, adopted a resolution protesting Callan said all of Segee's state- against the unofficial Census fig-jments have been carefully check- Lea .1- his investigators since Se- J1950 population of was taicea into custody last Twenty-six paratroopers be an increase of only 17 on the farm of a relative sor to the flying boxcar, exploded and burned near Nashville, Tenn., killing all four crewmen. Fort Campbell, Ky., on a night drop mission, took to their chutes and escaped injury. Failure of the left engine preceded the Nashfille crash. A board of investigators headed by Captain Vernon J. Bower of Corsicana, Texas, began probing the accidents yesterday. Injured in the Alabama crash were Sergeant John W. Kestner of Saltville, Va., and Sergeant Wil- liam R. Stewart, 26, of route two, Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. Neither was termed seriously injured. Escaping were Second Lieuten- ant James W. Bonner, 23, of Wash- ington, D, C. pilot; Second Lieu- tenant Charles S. Aldrich, 24, of Long Beach, Calif., co-pilot; and Staff Sergeant H. .M. Calcutt, 26, of Florence, S. C., assistant crew chief. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and continued cool tonight; lowest 52. Saturday brief showers and continued cool; highest 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the' 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Max- imum, 79; minimum, 53; noon, 68; precipitation, .02; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at persons in the last ten years. jnear East St. Louis, Dl. Copies of the resolution were senti A Pickaway county, Ohio, grand to the district Census headquar-jjury today indicted Segee on two ters in Rochester and to the area! charges of arson, stemming from Units on Way Kept Secret, Officials Say Truman Issues Order Following Capitol Talks Tru- man today gave a. go ahead for ust of American ground troops in Ko- rea, Defense officials said they are already on the way. Just what forces are to be used is a military secret. Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson, who said they are on the move, explained :ould "say nothing that will be of any use to the other side." Antitank weapons and forces are the South Koreans biggest need. Such forces likely would require supporting infantry and supply troops. Tlie President announced he has authorized: 1. The United States Air Force tc fly specific military missions into northern Korea necessary. 2. A naval blockade of the en- tire Korean coast. 3. General Douglas MacAr- thur "to certain supporting ground units; in the efforts to turn back the Communist in- vaders of southern Korea. These new moves were announced after a cabinet-congressional con- ference at the White House. They followed reports to the de- fense department that a North Korean force spearheaded by 40 to 50 armored vehicles had broken through southern defenses south of Seoul yesterday. The White House statement said: "At a meeting with congressional leaders at the White House this morning, the President, together with the secretary of defense, the secretary of state, and the joint chiefs of staff, reviewed with them the latest developments of the situ- ation in Korea. "The congressional leaders given a full review of the intensi- fied military activities. U.N. "In keeping with the United Na- tions security council's request for support to the republic of Korea in repelling the North Korean in- vaders and restoring peace In Ko- rea, the President announced that he had authorized the United States Air Force to conduct missions on specific military targets in north- ern Korea wherever militarily nec- essary, and had ordered a naval blockade of the entire Korean coast. General MacArthur has been authorized to use certain support- Ing ground units." There was no immediate elabora- tion here as to what these "certain supporting ground units" might be. Dispatches from Korea have made it plain, however, that "the South Koreans are particularly in need of artillery and antitank weapons. MacArthur has in his Far Easfc command an Army strength of 500 men. This includes four divisions. They are the First Cavalry infantry division despite its name: the Seventh Infantry division, the 24th Infantry division and the 25th Infantry division. Troops Trained General J. Lawton Collins, the Army's chief of staff, said after a recent visit to the area that the Far Eastern troops are in a high, state of readiness and training. The U. S. ground troops are sta- tioned in Japan, Okinawa and other islands of the Ryukyu chain, and the Philippines. Following the White House an- nouncement, an Army spokesman said that all of the Army troops in the Far East command have been alerted. He said he did not know what units or what types of troops would move to Korea. The Army also has an additional men in Hawaii. Mr. Truman's decisions presum- ably were taken on recommenda- tion of General MacArthur. Thi; headquarters in Minneapolis. If ires in Circleville, Ohio. (Continued on Page 11, Column 2) KOREA Headquarters Set Up in Korea By Russell Brines American Headquarters, Su- won, South Korea It's a little primitive yet but a field headquarters is being whipped into shape on the edge of dusty, bewildered Suwon. When General MacArthur" walked into it Thursday he might have been back to some of the temporary headquarters he used in the Philippines. This one is an school with dirty windows. More than 200 Americans of all ranks are here now. Some came from Japan but a major- ity were assigned to the Ko- rean military advisory group. The last of the KMAG per- sonnel, about 45 officers and men, got out of Seoul Wed- nesday before it fell. They crossed the Han river in a leaky boat and hiked most of the 22 miles to Suwon. "We weren't in shape for that sort of thing but we made said Corporal George E. Miller of Bartlesville, Okla. Brigadier General John H. Church, MacArthur's field commander, 13 other officers and two enlisted men are here i'rom Tokyo. They have set up a branch of MacArthur's head- quarters. Working with them are Ma- jor General Choi Byung Duk, commander of the South Ko- rean army, and other top Ko- rean officers. The job of the Americans is to co-ordinate operations, ad- vise the South Koreans and, in practice anyway, give them added battle spirit. Comrnunicationr, are bad, the roads poor and technical equipment almost nonexistent. The food at headquarters still consists mainly of rice, gruel and coffee. Accommodations ade- would hardly be called quate. Associated Press Corre- spondents Tom Lambert and O. H. P. King are sleeping out under the trees. They like many others are still wearing civilian sports clothes now so thickly covered with the fine dust of the region they resem- ble coal miners. This 'headquarters is con- nected to Tokyo now by only skimpy communications. But a complete planning board al- ready is functioning in Tokyo to handle a multitute of de- tails ranging from aerial co-or-. dination to supply. The importance of Suwon lies in its nearby airstrip, a. concrete runway on the edge of rice paddies. The field has no control tower, no lights and no buildings. But it can handle the heavy U. S. planes that are ferrying in badly needed ammunition. and other supplies.