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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 23, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cooler Tonight and Saturday Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 108 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY- Defense Battle Rages In Cabinet Albert Lea Bank Night Upheld Top U. S. Weapons Uiged for Europe By Don Whitehead forces opened a drive today for Senate approval of a program which would place America's most modern atomic the defense frontiers of Western be Wind, Hail Lash North, South Dakota By Stewart Alsop Washington A great subter- ranean struggle.is now going, on in Washington. The chief actors in this silent drama are Secretary of State Dean Acheson and Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson. The struggle revolves about a llfe-and- death issue whose real meaning has been analyzed in recent re- ports in this space. The Issue Is this: Will a serious effort now be made to place the Atlantic com- munity in a posture of defense Europe. against the time when Soviet re- Senator Connally of Texas had the job of guiding the armament will be complete? Or j-orejgn arms plan into its second year of operation. There was trouble from Republicans. The major points of dispute were: (1) A provision to give Pres- ident Truman authority to hand over worth of arms to any European nation whose defense he considers vit- al to the security of the United States. (2) An amendment which would permit the TJ. S. gov- ernment to sell arms on cred- it to any friendly nation. (3) A proposal by Senator Lodge to permit Marshall plan nations to draw on of European recovery funds for military purposes. These funds are loc- al currencies deposited by Eu- ropean countries to match re- covery dollars. Two Senate committees strongly emphasized yesterday that new type weapons developed since World War II would go into Europe's defenses. While many of these arms are not yet being produced in any num- bers, the Senate foreign relations and armed services committees said in a report that new weapons cap- able of mass-production will make it possible to defend Western Eur- will the present sham effort continued indefinitely? The inner history of the Ache- son-Johnson battle on this issue goes back to the time when Pres- ident Harry S. Truman announced his decision to go ahead with the hydrogen bomb. Immediately thereafter. Truman ordered Ache- son and Johnson to make a joint over-all review and reassessment of American foreign and defense policy, in the light of such events as the loss of China, the Soviet mastery of atomic energy and the prospect of the hydrogen bomb. By The Associated Press The State Department's policy plan- storms struck the Fargo, ning staff was assigned to do the spadework on this global policy pap-N- D- area last n'8M' tne tlrst, er. Immediately, the policy plan- borne on the wings of a 76-mile-1 ners struck a large, stubborn snag, an-hour wind. Widespread damage! ON THE ONE HAND, every re- sponsible official in the State de- to property, power facilities and trees were reported, but no official American estimate could be made. response to the challenge of mount-1 The first gale struck Fargo at ing Soviet strength was p m._ quate. For some months, this con- blowing down wires, roQfs Qf twQ quate. For some months this con- and roQfs Qf twQ homgs victlon has been reflected n were ln at Maple. Acheson's public statements, in -pn-m ton- of which he has been calling for "tot- al for "creating situ- ations of strength" and for "mo- bilizing our total resources." Yet on the other hand, this Ache- translated from hard realities, son prescription generalities into would make nonsense of Johnson's "economy" program. Johnson would thus be forced to reverse himself In the most embarrassing- ly public manner. And for obvious reasons. Johnson has no Intention whatsoever of allowing this to hap- pen. Thus those charged with writing At Mapleton the storm damage indicated a tornado had struck. A boat on the bank of the Maple river was lifted through the air and smashed into the side of a nearby house. farm was blown down and barns and sheds were levelled by the one minute blast. silo on the Mark Andrews without matching an invader suo on tne jviars Andrews ision "Our armed forces and those of 4 Big Railroads To Close Down if Switchmen Quit Great No'rthern Will Attempt To Operate Chicago Four of five big railroads have announced they will stop running Sunday if an ex- pected switchmen's strike begins. The A.F.L. Switchmen's Union ol! North America has set 6 a. m, (local time) Sunday as the strike hour against these Midwestern and Western roads: The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific, the Chicago Great West- ern, the Western Pacific, the Great Northern, and the Denver and Rio Grande Western. All but the Great Northern have announced shut-down plans. Fre- quent F. G. Gavin of that line said yesterday the road "will do the best it can" to keep running. The switchmen seek a 40-hour week with 48 hours pay. A presi-j dential fact-finding board did not Lottery Law Not Involved, Court Rules 1937 Decision Outlawing Plan Now Reversed recommend granting the request. All peace-making moves have been taken under federal law. The National (railway) Media- tion board worked at heading off! the strike, but no progress was re- ported. No progress was reported, either, in the threatened July 15 walkout of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Order of Rail- way Conductors, They also disagree with a pre- The Chatco Steel Products, Limited, plant at Tilbury, Out, is shown after it was swept by fire early today. The blaze, which at one time threatened this little Canadian city, was brought under control after a two-hour fight by volunteers and firemen. The plant has been a major supplier of automobile trim for the Hudson Motor Car Company of Canada. Firemen estimated the loss at (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) tees said. the global report were acedwnh yesterday for their vacation. Se problem of reconciling two en- A severe hail and wind, storm sit- moving section The home of Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Nelson, Fargo, N. D.. was smashed by the winds. One half of the roof was blown completely off, and one side of the five-room house was Dushed out. The Nelson's had leftj Any show of weakness at this time, the committees argued, would be a confession "which the Soviet Union would not be slow to inter- our partners must have well-equip- Isidential board's findings on wages ped forces men armed !and hours. The board -did not in- with the most modern weapons the two groups when it sug- science can the commit- jgested a pay raise for some other No Show of Weakness nation was dealt with in a wearily familiar way. A paper was pro- duced which called for an increas- ed foreign ard defense policy ef- fort by the United States. But the paper was couched in such vague and general terms that it commit- ted no one to anything. JOHNSON ACCEPTED this wa- tery version, and it was accord- ingly submitted through the Na- tional Security cruncil to the Pres- ident Truman immediately turned it back to the N.S.C. He rather tartly and quite accurately pointed out that it was pointless to talk vaguely of a stepped up American effort to win the cold war. He de- manded precise answers to the ob- vious questions Where? How? How much? The attempt to answer these vi- tal questions in real, dpllars-and- cents terms has precipitated the great, invisible struggle which is now going on. Occasionally, the struggle becomes briefly visible above the surface. This happened, for example, early this month, when first Acheson and then John- son testified on the military aid program before the Senate foreign relations committee. On June 2, Acheson said that the only "honest answer" he could give was that the scale of expendi- ture under M.A.P. would have to be increased in the future. Three days later, Johnson, while blandly disclaiming any disagreement with Acheson. flatly disagreed with him. Asserting that "I think I have been living a little more closely with this field of military expendi- tures, than Johnson "guessed" that the rate of expendi- ture could be progressively de- creased in coming years. IT IS IMPOSSIBLE to find any informed official in Washington, in uniform or out, who sincerely shires this Johnsonian view or who believes that the current level of expenditures will provide in time even a skeleton defense for West ern Europe. Yet partly because of Johnson's undeniably effective bul lying, and partly because of the tradition of paramount civilian re- sponsibility, the joint chiefs of staff now seem prepared to go along with Johnson. If they do, this will render Acheson almost powerless, simply because the final respon- sibility for making an essentially military assessment obvious- ly rests with the joint chiefs. Yet Acheson has not lost. The joint chiefs themselves are per- fectly aware of the probable out- come if Western Europe is still nakedly defenseless and the United States half disarmed when the So- viet rearmament effort reaches its peak in 1953-'54. There have been increasingly audible murmurs of revolt in the Pentagon. And Ache- son has important allies elsewhere, including N.S.K.B. Chairman Stu- art Symington, E.C.A. Chief Paul Hoffman, and now Averell Harri- man. who. as the President's man Friday, will occupy a central posi- tion. Finally, there have been signs (like his appointment of Thomas Finletter as Air Force secretary, an appointment very far from wel- come to Johnson) that Truman himself is not entirely happy about Johnson's business-as-usual policy. And it is Truman who must make the final decision. This is not a responsibility. of South Dakota last night claimed fpret as an invitation to aggression." one life and caused extensive crop! Under present law, the United and property damage. Some points on the edge of the storm area received life-giving rains for parched cropland. Killed by lightning was Baryon Barret, 15, son of Mr. and Mrs. George Barrett of near Sisseton. The boy was doing the milking when the storm struck. Lightning hit the barn, and both the youth and a cow were killed. The storm seemed to center in the Pierpont, S. D., area with Clar- States cannot arm European na- tions with atomic weapons. But other arms can be supplied as they become available, and it was to these that the committees referred. The report spoke of recoilless guns, shaped explosives for use against tanks, non-magnetic mines and new uses of vacuum tube fuses. "These new weapons of the report said, "give us greater assurance that our plans can be carried out successfully without the ence Perrv. official weather ob- necessity of matching the enemy di- server at 'Parmington, four miles vision for division, tank for tank, northwest of Pierpont, reporting I man for man." considerable damage to farm build- Connally was confident that the am mras i Senate would approve the bill virtu- Perry said the hail dropped "the largest stones I've seen in 40 years of weather observation." He said that some approached the size of baseballs. Probes Criminal Trial Criticism Minneapolis Minneso- call was issued ita State Bar association is going yesterday this one by the Pull-jto investigate "publicity and criti- man conductors' division of the given criminal trials in the rail workers. Another strike Bar Association Republican Support Cited for McCarthy der of Railway Conductors. state. They set their walkout time for! A resolution for such an inquiry July 11. But provisions of the na-lwas passed at the organization's tional railway labor act may meeting last night. It was this threatened strike. offered-by A. H. Clemens of Ro- The Pullman conductors chairman of the resolu- submit to an investigation of their tians committee. demands by a presidential fact- finding board. This would auto- The investigation would be un- dertaken by a group of five, in- matically delay the strike 60 days. eluding a district judge, county at- They want their basic work month reduced from 225 to 210 hours with- torney, a member of the attorney By James P. Hackett Atlantic City, N. National Chairman Guy Ga- brielson launched the party's 1950 vote-getting campaign today with the assertion that Americans "wholeheartedly agree with the objectives" of Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin. Gabrielson opened a two-day meeting of Republican leaders from Maine to Florida. The of it behind closed first of three "shirtsleeve" organi-------------------------------------------I zational meetings aimed at getting out the Republican vote this fall. McCarthy, who has charged the State department is Communist- infiltrated, has "received great sup- port in the country Ga-j brielson told newsmen before the' meeting convened. "From my he said, "the trend of opinion is that the people wholeheartedly agree with the Ob- general's staff "and such addition- jectives McCarthy is after, and he out a pay loss, and certain working al members as the association ijjas doubt on whether the gov- pjles changes. jthinks necessary." A report has come ciean with trying readied before the board of gov-jto rid itself of disloyalty." Illinois Bank Blames Closing On High Taxes Atlanta, 62-year-old Mother, Two Children Drown Hoffman, Minn. UP) A 34- year-old farm wife and two of her children drowned today in Jorgen- son lake, four miles southeast of Hoffman. Two of the victims died in vain attempts to rescue the third. The dead: Mrs. Wallace Gulbranson, 34. herj 12-3-ear-old daughter. Joan, and son, David, six. relations and armed services com- mittees. Indications were that a [final vote would not be reached until early next week. n Despondent Lover Shoots Self San a man gets a bullet in his head it hurts. That's what Taxicab Driver Nicholas Rasberry, 44, confided as he sipped his beer. The bartender called an am- bulance for clearly there was something wrong with Rasber- ry's head. He had a hole in it. At the hospital Rasberry told police he had shot himself in a fit of despondency over a love affair. The bullet entered his neck, ranged upward, broke his jaw and emerged near his ear. Navy Jet Plane Crash Kills 3 Bedford. Navy ex- perimental jet its first transcontinental in- to flames in mid-air and crashed near here last night, killing at least [ernors meets in September. three persons. "There might It was the first time GabrielsonjPeoples Bank of Atlanta is going The resolution said in part, his opinion on the na- out of business because of what Its whereas there has been public reaction to McCarthy's ditr ,led "excessive taxes Bes iOireciors canea excessive taxes, don't the G.O.P. restriction and govern- charBes criticism of proceedings leading to trials, and the manner in which some trials were conducted, and man added "that the average per- ment competition." "whereas the mertis of such is ciose enough to know or care cism cannot be passed upon at this the methods (employed by time, but that public confidence in Certainly, his objec- the administration of justice may tives have received great support in be undermined, be it resolved that the country generally." a committee be named to investi- gate, and consider such remedial measures as are deemed neces- L t I I Milwaukee Gams in Census Milwaukee Just in case you (Judge Joseph J. Moriarty have been more, charged recently that Minneapolis There were quite a few arms editorials critical of his hand- legs which didn't Dr. E. of tte Rubin shetsky mur- Johnson, Bedford coroner, reported.jder case constituted criminal H- In Los Angeles, a North A Scott county grand jury last ILL _c can Aviation Corporation an indictment after jmight have had any doubts. Mii_ man said the plane was piloted by a Navy lieutenant commander when it left the Edwards, Calif., Air Force iBase with a Navy civilian attached to the Bureau of Aeronautics and a North American pilot also aboard. The spokesman identified the company pilot as James A. Moore, Jr.. 26, of Downey. Calif. He had been employed by North American 11 months. Moore is survived by his widow. Patricia. hearing a score of witnesses. iwauicee and county still are judge has called another grand jthe state's largest governmental jury to meet at Shakopee July it was announced today. The Boss Of This Harvest Crew walks beside the lead combine to issue instructions to one of his operators as the crew, following the harvest from Texas to the Canadian border, cuts a field of ripe wheat on the A. J. Jenkins farm near Cullison, Kan. Three other combines, visible through the wheat dust, follow up the rows of grain. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) and, in a statement, said "the same matters" would be consider- ed, indicating a continuance of the libel investigation. (Judge Moriarty also charged Harold E. Flynn, Scott county at- torney who presented evidence in the previous libel hearing, with misconduct and ordered Flynn to show cause July 10 why he should not bt replaced in presenting wit- nesses before the jury meeting the next day.) Spanish-American War Vets to Meet Albert Lea. Minn. The United Spanish American War Vet- erans and auxiliary will hold their annual state encampment here June 24-27. Pels Soap Chief Succumbs at 90 Philadelphia (If) Samuel S. JFels, 90, philanthropist and head of the soap company that bears his name, died today at Temple hospi- tal. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and cooler tonight and Sat- urday with chance of local thun- dershowers late this afternoon or I early evening. Lowest tonight 60, high Saturday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 93; minimum, 71; noon, 85; precipitation, .03; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional Weather on Page 15 The city jumped residents, to a 1950 total of according to preliminary census figures. The The decision of-the directors was announced yesterday by Circuit Judge Frank S. Sevan, who also is president of the bank. He said the bank has only a "hatful" of farm mortgage loans because of competition by various government lending agencies. But he added that the bank Is in a "healthy condition" and that its assets are "highly liquid." Atlanta, a community of in central Illinois, also is served by the Atlanta National bank. Judge Bevan said that under the circumstances, the directors had agreed that they are "at an age when we feel the thing to do is get out of business while we can do so without hurting the commun- ity." Directors SI. Paul In a four to two j decision, the Minnesota supreme [court today approved "bank night" drawings in an Albert Lea motion jpicture theater which awarded cash prizes to lucky persons. The high court reversed Judge Martin A. Nelson of Freeborn county district court and ruled that the Albert Lea Amusement Corpor- ation, operators of the new Broad- way theater in Albert Lea, was sponsoring a "valid" and "legal" plan. Associate Justices LeRoy E. Matson and Oscar Knutson both dissented, contending that today's decision was "repudiation" of a previous ruling by the high court. In 1937 the Minnesota supreme court, in a four to three decision, ruled that a so-called "ten-o-win" scheme at the Lyceum theater in St. Paul was illegal. Some time prior to the present action. County Attorney Rudolph Hanson and Sheriff C. G. Lindahl notified the amusement company that criminal proceedings would be instituted if it did not cease to op- erate its "gift plan." Because of this threat, the theater op- erators discontinued the and started court action. Cash A cash prize WES given away Ion a stated night each week. If the lucky person was not present, the prizes accumulated until they reached a total of A person would register in the theater lob- by without purchasing an slon ticket. If a participant wished be present at the time of the _ he was required to pur- jchase an admission ticket. Associate Justice Thomas F. Gallagher, who wrote the majority decision, pointed out that of a number of states have held there is no statutory violation of lottery laws where no consideration Is [paid by anyone for the right to participate in a chance to win a gift. Justice Gallagher emphasized that in the plan at the Lyceum, theather, then owned by the Schu- bert Theater Players Company, the supreme court ruled It Illegal because particpants paid a "con- sideration" for the right to win a gift. Registration Sole Requirement "Registration in the lobby is the sole requirement for Justice Gallagher said. "Only one registration is permitted each per- son. Presence within the theater gives no greater or additional op- portunity for success, "Tickets to the theater perform- ance may be purchased, but no coupons of participation are at- tached thereto, and the holders thereof remain ineligible to win a gift if they have not previously registered in the lobby. "A winning registrant may enter the theater without charge when his name is called from the loud- speaker .outside the theater. The- money used in the distribution of the gift is looked upon as an ex- penditure for advertising purposes. "The evils present in gambling and lottery schemes which invite the purchase of numerous or costly besides Judge Bevan, chances by those eager to parti- county gained to a new who js 64, are P. A. crihfield, 65; jcipate, with consequent waste of and J. A. Applegate, 58. Miss Edna A. Barr, cashier, is the other direc- population top af The figures were announced to _ Mayor Frank Zeidler by Michael j tor. Galko, supervisor of census for the j The March statement of the bank county. Each governmental unit in county, with one exception, gained over the ten-year period since the last census. The lone exception was the town of Granville, in the north- western corner of the county, which dropped from to ishowed its assets and resources to- the taled Acceptance of deposits will be discontinued June 30 and the desi- sion to close will be submitted to stockholders for approve! at a meet- ing July 29. Stockholder approval was considered certain. Bolt of Lightning Kills Escaping Florida Convict Miami, Fla. Lightning in Florida yesterday destroyed a church building, killed an excaping convict, and knocked down eight baseball players and an umpire. Convict Angelo Massina, 30, was hit by a bolt while flee- ing across a field near Winter Haven. Manager M. L. Fletch- er of the Barton state road camp said. An eyewitness gave this ac- count: He saw Massina run- ning. Lightning darted about him but he threw up his hands and kept going. Lightning again flitted around him and this time he fell. The bolt rip- ped off the soles of his shoes and one shoe was twisted. Fletcher said no wounds were found on Massina who with a companion had jumped off-a prison truck when it stop- ped at a traffic light. The oth- er convict, Robert W. McKay, 28, was critically wounded by gun shot. Massina was serv- ing five years for breaking and entering and McKay, four years for the same offense. Another bolt during a base- ball game at the naval air sta- tion near Jacksonville knock- ed the umpire and eight play- ers to the ground. Three play- 'ers had to be revived by artifi- cial respiration, but none was seriously hurt. Charles Webb was winding up to pitch when lightning struck just off the mound be- tween second and third bases. He was lifted off the ground. The game was called right there, in the eighth inning. In Winter Haven, lightning hit a power pole, traveled un- der the street by underground cable to the Christian Science church and started a fire. The church, built in 1928 at a cost of was completely burned. earnings or savings, are not pre- sent here. There is no -cost for participa- tion, no opportunity for waste of funds or effects. No harm to anyone has been suggested or revealed in the plan, unless there is something evil in the desire inherent in every human to obtain something for nothing. If the latter is true, then under the statute involved, we must also condemn radio 'give away' programs, free prizes at store openings, church-dinner door prizes, and gifts of like nature." In the dissent, Justices Matson and Knutson said that "there is no difference in substance between the facts here and those in the Shubert (Lyceum theater) case. An examination of the authori- ties, as well as a reconsideration jbased on sound said jthe minority decision, "leads to a conclusion that the Schubert deci- sion is sound and is not deserv- ing of repudiation." Agreeing with Justice Gallagher were Chief Justice Charles Loriug, Justice C. R. Magney and Justice Frank T. Gallagher. Justice Theo- dore Christiansen, Jr., recently ap- pointed to the high court, did not participate. Norwood Youth Drowns at Chaska Chaska, Minn. Robert Sund, 19, Norwood, Minn., drowned last night while swimming near here. A student at the Faribauit school for the deaf, Sund was homfe for a vacation when he went over stepoff at a local swimming hole officials said was posted with wam.i ing signs.
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