Saturday, June 17, 1950

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1950, Winona, Minnesota These Days An Independent Newipaper Established ISSi M. H. WHIHI OORBOH R, CLOTWAT Publisher Exccutivt tditor KZUBD or Tax ASSOCIATE) ram Official Neuxpaper County nni City of Winonm I say-imto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath ever- lasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. John School Board Guilty Of Subterfuge Tactics The school board is guilty of subterfuge tactics when at least five of its nine mem- bers go on record as virtually giving their approval to off-the-record executive sessions and challenging the public to come forth with criticism if it doesn't like it. In an atmosphere of argumentative con- fusion and perplexing contradiction, the board Monday night proposed to "clear the air" over its policy of transacting most of its business in a session to which the press is invited but which it is understood through long establish- ed policy that the press cannot reveal any of the arguments or decisions which take place. To those who have followed the controversy over the executive sessions, the issue seems to stand out with singular clarity; if there is to be any Indeed, one might suggest that the school board strive for en- lightenment in its own rather opaque think- ing. Board members defended the executive ses- sion on the grounds that the public is invited to attend any board session to witness first- hand the proceedings. It would be only slight- ly less ridiculous for members of Congress to bar representatives of the press from their de- liberations with the statement that interested parties might travel to Washington to attend the sessions in person. A major role of the press in a democracy is to report objectively and completely the actions of duly elected public bodies to their constituencies. And this function is no less important on the local level then it is on the state and national levels. The critics of the board have not delivered veiled accusations through uncertain or devi- ous channels. Simply and essentially, the school board has been sharply criticized in a forthright and unqualified manner for with- holding information about a major portion of Its deliberations from the public. The line has been drawn and logic dictates that the entire question is now in the hands of the school directors lor their decision. In all, it appears rather superfluous for the board to hold its fire until it "sees the whites of the eyes" of its critics. The appearance of any critic at a board meeting could result only in a repetitious haggling over a matter that has previously been clearly defined and presented. One board member's remark that It is time the board "throws ball back" to the pub- lic apparently well expresses the school board's attitude in the matter. West Enders who lor two years petitioned for resumption of school bus service can test- ify as to to be derived from a public forum with the school board. The pro- testing residents of the West End had the "ball thrown back to them" at more than a dozen meetings until most of them despaired of ever realizing their objectives in direct contact with the board. During the next year, the board will super- vise the Immediate expenditure of slightly more than of tax moneys. It will administer one of the city's largest payrolls and will embark on a long-range building pro- gram involving more than a million dollars. It will deliberate on vital issues directly affecting the welfare of every man. woman and child in Winona but unless the board elects to break with its traditional rules of procedure the development of these policies will be screened from the public by the "exe- cutive session." The directors both individually and col- lectively should not properly take personal exception to the criticism. directed to them. The persona! integrity and sincerity of purpose of the directors in their administration of school affairs is not involved in the present controversy. The nine members of the school board have approached and dealt with most problems of school business during the past year with a high degree of efficiency and skill. This very fact makes it almost inconceivable to think that any member would wish to obscure any part of the board's proceedings from public surveillance. They serve without pay. If our school posts were manned by a group of incompetents, the purpose of the executive session might, in their interests at least, be somewhat justified. Present members of the board include four successful managers of business firms, two physicians and surgeons, an engineer, a de- partment executive and a man holding a re- sponsible position in county 'offices. Not one of these men should be hesitant about having his expressions on matters of school policy reviewed in the press whether in formal open session or in executive session, And that is all the public asks. It wants to know what its elected officers are doing and how and why they are doing it. This know- ledge becomes especially important in an election year when the citizen and taxpayer is called upon again to weigh the qualifica- tions of various candidates for these posts. Many of the incumbent board members must feel that their actions in office justify re-election. "But the general electorate has on- ly a very hazy idea of what stand each has taken on past issues. The public knows from the general session what the majority opinions of the board has been. The public will not be asked to vote for a majority In the next school board election, however. It will be asked to cast votes for individuals and of these individ- uals by virtue of the executive session we know very, very little. What discussion, if any, was there over this year's budget? The air, certainly, should be "cleared" on the matter of executive sessions. But properly it is up to the school board which first clouded the air in the'misty confines of its executive sessions to do the clearing. Sokotskr THE WINONA REPUBUCAN-HERALD, WINONA, MINNESOTA They'll Do It Every Time SATURDAY, JUNE 17. U. S. Learning Hard Truths About Reds By Georce E. Sokolsky Washington President Truman and Dean Acheson have at long last come to realize that for many reasons, most of them philosophic, busi- ness cannot be done with Soviet Russia. Both have tried hard to make it otherwise. Dean Acheson, during the Roosevelt adminis- tration, was generally regarded as the leader of the pro-Russian faction in the State department. Alger Hiss was his subordinate and protege. This was not a mat- ter of personal friendship; it was part of a concept of the new world, the socialistic world of which Soviet Russia was to be the leader, with the United States as a slower follower but an ar- dent and financial supporter. Its ultimate object was the federa- tion of man, the lessening or ul- timate abolition of sovereignty, and peace forever in a union of like-minded peoples. Harry Hopkins, Averell Harriman, Wendell Willkie and, at one time, even Harold Stassen, favored or could not resist the one world con- cept. Franklin D. Roosevelt made it the central point of his grand design. The secretaries of state, Cordell Hull, Edward Stettinius. James Byrnes, and George Marshall, were not by training or experience capable of grasping the permanent values in this policy. They accepted the Roose- velt doctrine as sound and pursued it to the best of their limited abilities. This continued even af- ter Roosevelt died and Truman succeeded him. TRUMAN AT POTSDAM was caught In the malignant fibers of this policy and knew no way out of them at that time. He left Potsdam obvi- ously angry and disillusioned, for this was in the period when he was a humble man who wanted friendship and guidance. Although he fail- ed to grasp the essence of the problem, it is obvious from subsequent conduct that Truman understands a doublecross and at Potsdam saw one in the making. He has never risked having the Indian sign put on him again. To one who has devoted practically the-whole of his adult life, more than 30 years, to a close study of Russia, and even more years than that to study of Marxism, the conduct of these men and their numerous subordinates is beyond un- derstanding. Were Soviet Russia only an imperialistic coun- try devoted to acquring more territory, resources and people, it would he possible to measure her conduct in terms of historical experience, and it might be opportune to come to some terms, per- haps similar to the Spanish-Portuguese division of the world in the 15th century as arranged by Pope Alexander VI. Unfortunately, .we are faced by something al- together different. Soviet Russia is not only an imperialist government which controls a large number of nations; it is not only the head of a federation of countries some of which mantain vestigial sovereignty; Soviet Russia is also the head of a vast movement based upon Marxian dialectical materialism which seeks to make over the entire world and which Insists that its suc- cess is inevitable. NOW THIS IS NOTHING new. It can be found in the literature on the subject as early as 1848. It has been discussed among intellectuals since that year. Since 1848, a large number of revolu- tions occurred in many countries over this philos- ophy which has influenced artists, writers, profes- sors, textbook authors and therefore should be known to educated men, particularly students of economics, sociology, biology and history. Therefore, it has been astonishing that so many Americans in high places suddenly discov- ered in 1949 that Soviet Russia is not just a country but.an intellectual force; that Soviet Rus- sia did not merely seek to add territory but to federate the world in a union of Soviet Socialist republics. It is the spearhead of a concept for the rule of man. And it is ''even more astonishing that these men should have been surprised at what they call a "cold war" but which in Marxian language Is regarded as "the permanent revolution." The so-called "new techniques" that Soviet Russia is employing and which seern to frighten these statesmen so, are not new at all. They are the characteristic efforts of permanent revolution of- ten described by Marx, Engels and Lenin, to mention only a few of dozens of writers. It is really unfortunate that we are governed by men so inadequately educated that they do not know the history of the century in which 1 they live. IN YEARS GONE BY Ten Years Ago 1940 Aldermen, on behalf of the city, entered into a new five-year agreement with the Soil Con- servation service Monday which will continue the terms under which the federal tree nursery is maintained on the west outskirts of the city, renewing a "memorandum of understanding" with the government. Plans for the dedication of the trout rearing ponds at Crystal Springs will be discussed at a I meeting of the First District Izaak Walton league i Thursday at the cabin of the St. Charles chap- ter at the springs. Thirty-five boys have registered for the ten- day Y.M.C.A. camp outing at Camp Bradfield, Black River Falls, Wis., July 8 to July 18. Twenty-five Years Ago 1925 Mrs. E.. L. King of Winona won the amateur state women's championship of Minnesota at the tournament held at the Twin City Gun club traps at Fort Snelllng, which closed today. The work on surfacing Lake boulevard from Sugar Loaf to the Gilmore avenue raod was be- gun today. Mr. and Mrs, Henry Magnus have returned from Minneapolis where they attended the grad- uation of their daughter Dorothy from the Uni- versity of Minnesota. Democrats Lend Support To Amerasia Case Probe By Drew Pearson Democratic senators are giving unadvertised support to the Republican proposal for a separate committee to investi- gate the Justice department and the Amerasia case. Thi Democrats don't want their strategy known to the but what they are planning to do is broaden the Justice department j probe to include other wartime cases which were hushed up, larly the mysterious shushing 4-ha TVihiinp nrnsftftlir.ion for By Jimmy Hatlo SORRY, SPIKE-IU SET OUT THE VACUUM HEX- LOOK: AT THAT PIECE OF CONFETTI.' THE PLAVE-RS KICK IF THE SROUMOKEEPERl? OVERLOOK A PEBBLE ON THE GRASS SLI6HT HOLLOW BOUNCE ON IT 14' BRAIN A THEV LEAVE THEIR GLOVES WHERE CM BREAK A LEG ON'EM Boyle's Column The Nation Today Supreme Court Justices Use Language of Lawyers By Junes Washington This week I ran into the dean of a. big Ameri- can law school, and we talked about the Supreme court. We starter! talking about a Washington Post editorial which criticized the court for "dumping" 18 opinions on the public in one day. That was June 5, the court's last day before it went on vacation. Too much for the public to digest in one day, the Post said. the newspaper said, 'it is of no concern to the court whether its out- put is properly communicated to the people. Yet we do not see how anybody in, a democratic land1 could take such I an attitude." I The dean de- i fended the court. !He said he1 i couldn't see ho1 jit could do any better. From there we i writing ability of the nine justices, i Some of them, I suggested, dont i write very well, or at least don't i write so clearly and. simply that the general public can under- stand. Letters to the Editor i______ ______ ftbrlow discussed Washington Merry-Go-Round Since, from time immemorial. PiJr gf mt cctacr.il laUreit U mmit not 400 Imng, the fight belnjc rcierred to lone or U onialtible for publication. .reUrloai. medical or penon.U contrv- rertlei or mpporUnf for BlTicc arc acceptable. Tbo Republican-Hera 1.1 net cub The rutmv mitt Accompany each a rtlelc and If U cat! on of the name IB not pen name should be idvcn Dnvirned. receive no eotislderatlon. TV her. falraeii to public demands, publi- cation of the oftme will required bet he will be ifivpn oppor- tunity to decide whether he wlthM tho article published orer hl> .r withheld. Landlords Again Woo Tenants By Hal Boyle New York There's Asks Life Guardi For Lake Park .To the Editor: lawyers have written in a language: Lake winona has ciaimsd a 20- aU their own, I asked the dean, r.old vollth as its flm victim if American law schools are doing the season. HOW many more anything about, teaching their fu- ture lawyers to write more lead- unsuspecting individuals, young ,and old, will meet their death in able English. se SRme calm cooj waters tnis ims is 'often quite a task, he: It seems to me that the simplest said because universities ship most logical answer is to pro- the 'law schools too many gradu- vide the Lake Park grounds with the means for preventing drown- .ttoca who can't write at all a! I suggested that if lawyers would writing Latin words and use English words, which most people can understand, it would be help- ings, that is with the life guards and the necessary life saving equip- ment required. It should not be difficu.lt to hire one or two young i urnn wailLS LU IKilo Oi lanj uic i j Yes fellow tenants, somebody fui. men to act as life guards for the the Chicago Tribune prosecution for Qne Q{ our most prjceiess wartime wants us again after all these years, fhe dean objected to this. Latin i summer. As for equipment there giving aid and comfort to the wants us? Landlords do. in law, he said, have a certainly be more than a anese following the battle of Mid-j may that's right meaning for lawyers and can't (single life preserver which might ,3 coirorfl o vnilttff llflrt way. So far the Justice department has never given an explanation as to why a grand jury, called to In- dict the Chicago Tribune for a ser- Unexplained Mystery Secretary of the Navy Knox, owner of the competing Chicago Daily News, was against prosecu .nuuiic iui c. oci.- tion So was Roosevelt. He felt pro-1 .ous breach o of the Tribune would wartime an attacii on his severest news- suddenly was papel. critic. The Navy, however, called off. insisted. So William D. Mitchell, The Democrats Repubiican attorney general under also have i njHoovel% was seiected to present the mind probing to a cllicago grand jury, other mysterious whal finaiiy happened during the c a is e Involving trlal bas never been revealed. In the Chicago Tri- the Of the grand jury hear- b u n e wheti It published on De- cember. 5, two days before landlords! !be discarded. A big landlord! since I didn't know what stand- have saved a young man's life had not the rope been all tangled up ing, Mitchell suddenly called off the prosecution. To this day no explanation has ever been given as to why a federal grand jury iiaj's uc.u.v as to wny a leaerai grana juiy Drew Pearson Pearl was convened to indict the Chicago sensational story about American j Tribune, but dropped the case like SClliia'liiUJ.ltli. j mobilization showing that the unit-) ed States planned to build up an JArmy of men. The story iwas documented by confidential Smemos exchanged between the j President and the secretaries of war and Navy, making it obvious that the Tribune had got hold of Boyle A big landlord! since I didnt know wnat stand- not the rope been all tangiea up: told me so him-jai-ds the dean had for good writing why was it? The park has self. by lawyers, I asked him: and playground eq.ulp- "The renting! who among the nine Supreme i raent. It can also have life pre- ---_-- ov. which are more important. There should also be a small boat or two to be used by the life guards. Surely this comparatively small expense won't break trie city, alter all. the purpose is to save human iilciers. j it so Happens uiai. <i iiumuti If there are any obstacles 'We've been on I newsmen, including me, think thisjto the carrying out of this plan, a honey mo o n particular Justice is the 5hould be overcome by all since 1942. But we writer on the court. honeymoon isjcourt justices is the shining ex- over for the land- ample of a good writer? said Fred The dean named his favorite. He Trump, one of the said lawyers generally consider this opinions positively nation's private builders. top ten one man's housing brilliant. It so happens that a number means. This is no time for tecb- don't have to call the cops any-! "Whin you say he's more to keep order in lines said, "do you mean hes clear other alternatives have been people waiting to sign leases. j writing for the public or do suggested to solve the problem, lUUie 01511 J--------- "The builder from now on he uses words which nave a have to do more and more for thelspecial meaning for lawyers only? tenant, because the competition for "For the dean said: I ,______ii___j_v.4. folUntr QnfMlT. but I don't think they do solve it. First, a law could be passed prohibiting swimming In the lake I Tribune but dropped the case like tenant, because the competition lor ".for me prohibiting swimming in the lake, i a hot potato his rent money is getting keener thought we were talking this is impractical because It Democratic senators now believe all the time." (writing so that both lawyers and neither be obeyed nor could ._ ___ ii__ i-Annv.4. niihnr rnn linnfirstanfl. .UemucrilUt; bcuauuia liuyv an nit viiim, that, along with the Amerasia What can the tenant look public the Justice department should be ward to getting that he hasn't re-j "I know the dean said. But fnr a ovnlanation. r-Pfvpri since 1942? [that reminds me of a story aDout and air, larger pre-jthe late Justice Oliver Wendell IjlidHi i i wunw o- one of the most important military secrets in the nation. war. The New York Daily News and ,he Washington Time s-Herald, owned by the Tribune, published [identical stories, and some mem called upon for an explanation, plus a further explanation of fail- ure to prosecute the Tribune for its December 5, 1941 disclosures of mobilization plans in case of war size rooms, and special services Holmes. of many said Trump. jbers of the administration urged prosecution at that time. The matter was dropped, how- ever, and Democratic senators now believe that it would be a good idea for the public to know why. They feel that thes two cases Rent-Control Hysteria Reporters missed a flurry on the edge of the Senate floor after rent control was extended. A disap- pointed landlady, anticipating a chance to raise rents, charged past guards, screaming hysterically: "Oh, what have you done to The guards gave chase, caught her before she reached any of the senators. As she was escorted out, she flung a parting insult over her thP rhieatro Tribune are she flung a parting insult over Her with case shoulder at Senator Myers of Pen- identic with who voted for rent con- Fifty Years Ago 1900 The 13th annual commencement exercises of Winona High school were held at the Opera house last evening. A class of 52 received diplomas. Mrs. Emil Leicht Is visiting in Chicago and Mrs. Max Conrad in Rochester. Seventy-five Years Ago 1875 The Rev. R. W. Lowne left today for Fari- bault where he will preach the ordination ser- mon at the Cathedral Sunday when several young men are ordained to the priesthood. A number of Winona young women have been enjoying camp life near the Fred Benedict resi- dence at Wilson. so were disclosed. Japan's Secret Code The battle of Midway disclosure by the Chicago Tribune was con- sidered even more damaging to the national security. At that time Stanley Johnston wrote a story for I the Tribune that the U. S. Navy knew the complete strength of the Japanese fleet in advance, and the fact that it was headed for Mid- jway Island. The tribune even pub- lished the exact number of Jap ships and gave their names. Obviously the Navy's possession of this advance information was due to superior intelligence work, la fact, it became known after the war that the Navy's amazing knowledge was because we were breaking Japan's secret code, i Ths permitted the Navy to bring I ships and planes from all over the j Pacific two weeks in advance ofj 'the battle and concentrate them atj j Midway. The west coast of the I U.S. A. was left almost unguarded. I Had the Japs become aware of what was happening and shifted i their tactics, the cities of Los An-j geles, San Francisco, Seattle, etc., would have been defenseless. j But the American system of breaking Japanese codes worked so perfectly that the U. S. Navy knew, two weeks in advance, the name of every ship in the Japanese fleet which was steaming to Mid- way. Vital Secret Published Result of that battle is well known. The Japs took a terrific licking and the tide of the Pacific war was Not so well known, however, is the manner in which the Chicago Tribune's Stan- ley Johnston revealed the Navy's secret. Johnston, had been aboard the ill-fated Lexington which sank in the battle of the Coral Sea, was taken aboard another ship which rushed north to participate in the battle of Midway.. While on this ship he learned that the Navy knew in advance the Japs were prepar- ing to attack. After landing in the United States where he was not under the Navy's eye, Johnston wrote a story regarding this, giving the complete list of Japanese ships. The Navy immediately hit the ceiling, and Admiral Ernest King, commander of the fleet, called at the White House, demanded that the Chicago Tribune be closed. He pointed out that as a result of the Tribune's story the Japs were sure to change their code and thus we would lose ed. i The phia. "One day he had an opinion to many Kinas, saia irump. He is'completing two giant pro- write and explained it to his as- jects in Brooklyn Shore Haven I sistant. The assistant wrote out and Beach Haven which opinion and showed it to the and will hold 3.200 faml-l Justice. lies. The six-story apartment build-i "The justice said no, that the ings occupy only 20 per cent of the assistant had missed the point So s4i Thp rpsr is eiven ove- to1 the justice wrote the opinion him- Darks and pay areas I self and showed It to the assistant, parks ana piay areas. read It through When the projects were in the! The assistant planning stage, a member of the land told the Justice: I don t see board of education told him: I where you say here the point you "These biK deveolpments cause j explained to me emendous crowding in the schools! "Then the justice pointed to tremendous crowding in the schools j near them, particularly in the low- er grades. Why don't you let us put a kindergarten in each of your single word down deep In the opinion and the clerk looked and 'Oh, now that you point It out, I can see where that word says five children himself. "That fat slob she yell- lady was from Philadel- be 31a (Thump thought that over a little man who engineered longer then said okay. The school rent control bill through the (board could have the rooms for a the Senate was South Carolina's Effi- cient Burnet Maybank, who helped pioneer for better housing when he was mayor of Charleston, S. C. He didn't make any loud speeches, but worked behind the scenes lin- ing up southerners whose inclina- tion was to vote against rent con- trol. Maybank even got Senator George of Georgia to promise not to oppose the bill "actively." How- ever, George double-crossed May dollar a year. 'Precisely. But he'd be the law- yer with the keen mind.' Of course, if only one lawyer out of 100 could understand what play nursery. He is setting up a baby sitting service. He has a "courtesy car" to drive tenants to the seashore, and a beach watching service to take care of the children while the parents go swimming. Each new mother in the projects receives a dozen roses from him. As a gesture of good will Trump also started to give new tenants a GVGr WcUi gc j bank after strong pressure from of tickets to a Broadway So I asked the dean if he meant by his example that the justice who wrote only for the very keen mind, the one out of 100, was the best writer. The dean said that was more or less the idea. it be fully enforced without great expense. Secondly, a new swim- ming pool could be built, but still that would not prevent people from using the lake. Therefore I think, for the present, the best all round plan Is the one I have stat- ed. The time to act is now, another lake drowning occurs. A Swimmer Harriman Named Truman's Assistant President Tru- man Friday appointed Ambassador W. Averell Harriman to a new job as special assistant to the President His duties will be to help the President carry out the nation's broad international responsibilities. Harriman is now United States special representative in Europe for the Economic Co-operation admin- istration, with the rank of ambassa- dor. To succeed him in that post the President nominated Milton Kate, of Massachusetts, now assistant in Europe. He, too, will have the rank of ambassador. Muffins will be the same size if you use a quarter cup measure with which to fill the cups. Maim Street by Ralph Stein the real estate lobby. show. Los Angeles Welcomes to Convention Los Angeles The Shriners took over Los Angeles today. The 76th imperial council session begins officially tomorrow, witn 200 ooo' red-fezzed nobles and families making this the capital of Shrine- dom for a week but half that number already is on hand. Cleveland, San Francisco. Montreal, Miami and Madison delega- tions pulled'in today, although' Cleveland's Al Koran temple was I split, with the' due Monday. Because of the heavy influx, reg- istration was started yesterday, 48 hours ahead of schedule. First to sign his name at headquarters tent in Pershing square was J. G. John- son of Atlanta, Ga. He was followed seconds later by his brothers, Henry and Drew Johnson of Miami, Fla. Harold Lloyd, 56-year-old im ttaroia Jjioya, i-------- u v. 4. perial potentate who will turn in Los Angeles Al Malaikah, host temple, were sent windshield stick- ers identifying their cars as avail- able for private transportation. his five-star red fez next Wednes- day, to be succeeded by Dr. Hubert M Poteat of Wake Forest, N. C., told reporters he was "particularly proud of having served the Shrine, as it is probably the only 100 per cent charitable oragnization In the country." Lloyd, after vacationing for a month, is going to resume his long abandoned film career. Dr. Poteat, an authority on anti- pital here at a board of directors' meeting presided over by Robert p. potentate of Almas j temple, Washington, D. C. With Los Angeles in the throes of a crippling street car and bus strike, Shrine convention officials] implemented special private car transportation service at head- quarters. The members of SATURDAY. JUNE 17, 1950 VOLUME 50, NO. 103 Publlihod every afternoon except Sundaj The Republican and Herald Publlinlne "spread of Masonry is a weapon against Communism because no dictator likes the liberty, equality and fraternity represented by Ma- sonry." The, influence of the Masonic pledge, he said, is spread- iing throughout the nation concur- Irent with the rise of Masonry, i which now boasts nearly American members. Lloyd and Dr. Poteat launched into administrative details of the Shrine's crippled children's hos- SUBSCRIPTION RATES i Delivered 07 carrlei Per meek 30 centi :e M mall ,strlcUj ln paper IMP- pcd on expiration i rear C0unuei: SB.OO 6 month.. 14.50 i year e montni lo.oo 3 montlu t3.2i 1 asaalb tl.20 Entered aa tccond-elasa matter at the portolflct WtDona. Mian., under Uu act OX Concreu of Uarcb 3. 1879. THIS spun WATTS TO jus-r FOR