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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 31, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cooler Tonight; Cool Thursday Baseball Thursday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 88 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 31, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES nion of Western Forces Urge Brynestad Rev. Potter Mr. Koprowski Bishop Fitzgerald TODAY- Nation Lags In Preparing For Attack By Stewart Alsop Washington No one paid mud attention, to an announcemen' which emanated recently from Moscow, to the effect that the five- year plan for the dispersion of So- viet Industry is four-fifth.' complet- ed. Russian five-year plans are very old stuff by now. But this particular announcement was not without Interest. Fo.- 'the Soviet dis perslon plan is primarily intended sharply to reduce Soviet vulner- ability to atomic attack. Put this fact together with an- other whether or not war 18 probable, war is certainly possible. A rather obvious question then springs to mind. What Is the United States doing to reduce Am- erican vulnerability to atomic at- tack? After all, the Soviets do have the atom bomb, and the means of delivering nuclear weapons to American targets. Therp'ore the answer to the Question above should be of interest, perhaps espe- cially to the inhabitants of the eleven "unsafe" cities, considered prime targets for atomic L-M-C Committee Ready to Function Winona's Labor-Management-Citizens committee was completed to- day with the announcement of the four persons who will represent the citizens of the city. Mrs. L. E.' Brynestad, wife of the pastor of Central Lutheran church. His Excellency, the Most Rev. Edward A. Fitzgerald, D.D., Ph.D., bishop of the Winona Catholic diocese. The Rev. Truman VV. Potter, castor of Central Methodist church. Paul F. Koprowski, a member of the faculty of the College of Saint Teresa where he Is an instructor in sociology.. Washngton vvusmusiruii, Cleveland, Pittsburgh. Chicago, St. Louis and Los Angeles. The answer to the question ap pears to be very simple Ing." No Precedent For Questions, Answer Session Washington State depart- ment researchers who have gone back 160 years believe that Secre- tary Acheson's question-and-an- swer program with congressmen today is a first-time-ever thing. The nearest approach they can find is occasion on November 18. when Secretary of State etrolt! Cordell Hull reported to Congress _ 'Noth- AN IMPORT CI V IL-DE-j members TENSE plan was. to be sure, filed! plauded. in person on four-power discussions at Moscow. On that occasion, Hull made a formal speech to the House and I Senate in the House chamber. The just listened and ap- A.E.C. has refused to release with the Atomic 'snergy comrnis-j Today, something new has been slon about a year ago, but the added. In addition to a speech In 3 "the Library of Congress reporting on the London diplomatic meet- ings of this month, Acheson sub- mitted himself to public question- ing by the members. Radio and It. Rather lethargic hearings have been held before the Joint Com- mittee on Atomic Energy. The Na- tional Security Resources which is being brought back from television broadcasts expanded his the dead bv its new chief, Stuart j audience. promised plans The questions were "on the rec- therfutureT Yet the word the only restriction being accurately describes what has ao- that the press may asked to re- tually been done to reduce American Port the answers without quota- vulnerability to an atomic strike. marks. The same rule applies All the experts who have really j at news conferences held by the studied 'He problem of civil de- President and secretary of state. fense in an atomic wai- have reach- ed the same conclusion (with Today's American history-maker is established practice in Britain, which the Soviets experts appar-lCanada and some other countries entry This is that disper-jwhere cabinet officers are also sfon of population and of the legislative body so that no one bomb can have a and are questioned from the floor, decisively crippling effect, is Kefauver (D.-Tenn.) has only real answer to atomic bom- advocated adoption of the idea. bardment. It is true that very deep shelters might be useful. It is interesting, All members of Congress were invited to hear and question Ache- son in the auditorium of the li- lt was here that General C. Marshall held closed with members of anese were in an ordinary con-: crete shelter almost directly below door sessions the explosion point of the Hiro- Congress during the war, shima bomb. These Japanese sur- vived, while others, unprotected, died a mile or more from the cen- ter of the blast. YET SHELTERS would be atj best a palliative. As for other con- ventional civil defense measures- fire watchers, first aid stations, and the would be, in the words of one expert, "like try- ing to cure cancer with an aspirin tablet." Moreover, only dispersion will afford any protection to Amer- lean industry, which means to the American war potential. Yet all estimates of the cost of any serious dispersion program are astronomical. To transform every American city into the civil defense expert's ideal the dis- persed "strip city" would mean changing the whole face of Amer- ica, and this is of course silly. A less ambitious program, design ed to subsidize and encourage the already existing tendency towards decentralization of industry, has been put forward by some of the experts. This would gradually but effectively decrease American vul (Continued on Page 19, Column 5.) ALSOP Long Named Police Chief at La Crosse La. Crosse, IVis. W) George Long, retired La Crosse detective, has been appointed successor to Chief of Police Herman F. Rick, who has resigned effective Thurs- day. The police and fire commis- sion picked Long from 14 candi- dates, including five from outside the city. Announcement of their selection was made today by Frank J. Al- len, Jr., temporary chairman of the committee. He said ac- ceptances had been received from each by a special committee con- sisting of A. F. Leathers and Mor- ris Bergsrud, the former repre- senting management and the latter labor. The complete committee, which will meet soon to elect perman- ent officers, now consists of Mr. Allen, assistant to the auditor of the Bay State Milling Company, W. A. Galewski, president-treasur- er of the Winona Heating and Ven- tilating Company, Mr. Leathers, manager of the Swift and Com- pany packing plant and E. J. Sie- vers, vice-president and comptrol- ler of The J. R. Watkins Com- pany, representing management and Mr. Bergsrud, president of the Accident Toll Soars to 560 Over Holiday 340 Traffic Crash Fatalities Record For Four Days By The Associated Press The nation today counted a stag- gering death toll far above 500 violent accidents over the four-day Memorial day weekend. Millions turned to the highways for the season's first outing and traffic fatalities set a new record for the holiday. 'A country-wide survey showed 560 violent deaths. There were 340 persons killed in traffic accidents; 92 persons drowned and 128 others lost their lives in a variety of vio- lent accidents. These included air- plane crashes, fires, falls, explo- sions and other mishaps. Said Ned H. Dearborn, president of the National Safety Council: "The nation has by slam-bang driving and an outstanding demon- stration of mass indifference to the living while paying respects to the dead, turned this Memorial day holiday into a Memorial day mass- acre." Record for Memorial Day The four-day total compared to last year's three-day Memorial day unofficial figure ,of 413 violent deaths. Last year's total included 253 traffic fatalities; 87 drownings and 73 killed in miscellaneous acci- dents. The council said the traffic toll was a record for Memorial day but the previous high was not dis- closed. The violent death toll for the three-day Memorial day holi- day in 1948 was 404 and 504 for a similar period in 1947. The council had predicted traf- fic deaths would total 290 over the four-day period from 6 p.m. lo- Dr. Schaefer Dead; City Health Officer, Former Council Hea< jSupp Incumbents Out As Koreans Vote New Assembly By 0. H. P. King Seoul, returns indicated today South Korea wants new faces in the one-house assem- bly that governs the new republic, Nearly 90 per cent of eligible voters balloted yesterday in an election held at the insistence of the United States. With returns for 53 of the 210 seats conclusive, incumbents and party regulars apparently were de- feated soundly. In a sense, so was the adminis- tration. Voters rejected warnings by President Syngman Knee's admin- istration that outlawed Communist party members might run under nonpartisan labels. They elected---------- nonpartisans or independents to 31 cal time Friday to midnight Tues- of the first 53 seats. The pro-Rhee Korean Nationalist party snared only six seats. So did the Democratic Nationalists, who favor curtailing Ehee's power. Others of the 15 parties trailed Winona Trades and Labor Council, with or two sea.ts- Mrs Pauline Burros, a member! Rhee indicated yesterday the ad- of the International Ladies would crack down on ment Workers union, E. A. Rissle, Isome candidates suspected of dis- vice-president of the Trades Labor council and Frank Wineski, We have the proof, he said, president of United Packinghouse! Returns were slow from outside Workers local 305, representing la-! districts. But it was evident the )r inew assembly, which convenes Objectives of the committee are! wil! be, dominated by men to create a mutual understanding labels bor. of the problems of labor and man- agement, to meet on a common Whether this was a rebuke to the administration for forcing through ground for discussing the tJ. S. State department lems. to improve labor-manage-j orders a balanced budget and ment relations and to dispose Ofjheavier taxes was not apparent, differences where possible by mu- Rhee had postponed the election tual co-operation and understand- ing. Convert G. I. Insurance St. Paul The Veterans Ad- ministration reported today that more than Minnesota veter- ans of World War n have con- verted their G.I. insurance. until November because he said the assemblymen could not face voters so soon after hiking taxes. But Secretary of State Acheson urged the election be held on schedule, or South Korea would lose U. S. aid. Rhee gave In. Observers estimated that more than of the eli- gible voters went to the polls, a turnout of 89.3 per cent. One commented: "This election was not a defeat or victory for Of the National Service any party or group. The people Life Insurance policies in the state! Judged each candidate individ- on the 15th of this month, Party lines are not very sharp were permanent-plan policies. jnor platforms much different. The G. I. term insurance expires "The so-called middle-of-t h e- at the end of the term for which'readers who believe negotiations it was Issued, unless it is convert- ed or renewed. Extensions have been voted by Congress. with (Communist) North Korea might lead to unification have their following and many won." day. Active in Medical, Community Affairs Here for 45 Years Dr. Samuel Schaefer, who prac- ticed medicine in Winona for 45 of his 69 years, died Memorial day afternoon at the family home, 275 Wilson street. Although he had not been in the best of health for some time, Dr Schaefer continued his medical practice until only about a week or two ago. His three of whom live in Calif one son were here when Dr. Schaefer died. The city's health officer for decade, Dr. Schaefer was as active! as a citizen of the community as' he was of the medical profession For more than half of the 45 years he lived in Winona, he held some public office. For eight years lie was president of the city council. Funeral Thursday Funeral services will be Thursday, beginning at m. at the Con- gregational church. The Rev. Harold Rekstad and Winona lodge No. 18 A. F. A. M., will officiate. The lodge will also officiate at the grave- side. The body will lie in state at the church from 1 to 2 p. m. and friends may call at the Fawcett- Hillyer funeral home after 7 p. today. Dr. Schaefer was a native of Wy- koff, Minn., having been born there December 23, 1880, to the late Mr. and Mrs, Charles Schaefer. After graduating from high school, he took pre-medical work at the University of North Dakota for one year, and in 1904 he was gradu- ated from the University of Michi- gan school of medicine, where he had been as active as he was to be as a citizen of Winona. The editor-in-chief of the school's Acheson Asks Congress to ort Plan G.I. Insurance Refund Left to Be Paid Washington Just medical yearbook, the young medical j bate 000 remains to be paid In Nation- al Service Life Insurance dividend money to veterans and survivors in the first "special dividend" re- Thafs not much when compared New Hampshire, was the only student had also won a place in! Tha t s not inucn ate not least one Kappa chapter of Phi Alpha Gam- to toe already paid state violent death. Deaths by State The death list by states (traf- fic, drowning and Alabama 6-5-1; Arizona 3-0-0; Ar- kansas 2-4-2; California 26-7-7; Col- orado 4-2-0; Connecticut 3-2-1; Del- aware 1-0-0; Florida 1-0-1; Georgia 3-0-1; Idaho 4-0-1; Illinois 22-1-16; Indiana 15-2-6; Iowa 2-3-0. Kansas 6-0-1; Kentucky 5-0-1; Louisiana 1-2-1; Maine 3-2-0; Mary- land 2-2-0; Massachusetts 3-2-2; Michigan 20-4-5; Minnesota 9-2-1; Mississippi 10-1-4; Missouri 18-0-7; Montana 2-0-0; Nebraska 3-0-2. Nevada 2-0-0; New Jersey 8-6-1; New Mexico 1-0-0; New York 16- 6-3- North Carolina 8-1-7; North Dakota 2-0-0; Ohio 16-6-9; Okla- homa 7-0-0; Oregon 6-0-5; Penn- sylvania 11-4-4; Rhode Island 2-0- 0. South Carolina 5-1-3; South Da- kota 3-1-2; Tennessee 10-4-6; Tex- as 21-10-7; Utah 2-1-2; Vermont 0- (Continued on Pafe 12, Column 6.) ACCIDENT Further Postal Cuts Threatened Washington There may be still more cuts in mail service un- honorary medical society for! But it may take about long graduating medical students, Intern in New York to get rid of all of that last as it has to distribute the Following the graduation, he in-1 billions be- temed for one year at a hospital in New York city, which Is now known as Bellevue hospital. In 1905 Dr. Schaefer came to Wi- nona and set up his medical practice in the Choate building, and ha was to continue to have an office in that building for the duration of his career and life. In 1908 he indicated his first in- terest in public affairs when he ran for county coroner and was elected to a two-year term. When the Mexican border trouble developed, Dr. Schaefer relinquished his medical practice temporarily and] dividend, joined the Army medical corps andj (Continued on Page 17, Column 4.) cause almost all of it involves what the Veterans Administration calls "problem most of which must be processed by hand. Checks have been mailed to just under veterans. About a day are going out now. Last January, when the paying job started, the rate was more than a week and the work was done by special punch-card machines. The VA cannot say exactly how many more veterans (not surviv- ors of dead veterans) will rate a DK. SCHAEFER less Congress restores some of the money the House pruned from Post-! crasb office department appropriations. I------- Postmaster General Donaldson! ordered reductions in" service last April 18 after the House appropri- committee voted to trim the jfunds. Among the cuts was a re- (duction to one mail delivery a day in city residential areas. There also were some reductions in service to business firms. Then the House, in passing the general appropriation B-25 Falls Apart In Illinois Flight Buckley, B-25 bomber plane1 from Chanute Air Base, Ran- toul, 111., fell apart in the air to- 'day, crashed, exploded and burned, 'apparently with two Air Force re- serve officers. No bodies could be located, how- ever, in the glowing wreckage strewn over a square mile area. The main part of the ship buried itself in a deep hole and burned fiercely. An eye witness first reported the Big Mosquito Crop May Develop Soon St. Paul Just because you I haven't slapped your normal quota of mosquitoes yet this' spring, don't think it will be a bite-free year. The needle-nosed pests haven't winged out of the northwest, nor have their larvae been washed away by flooding rivers and streams. Many of them, especial- ly in the north, are still waiting to pop out of eggs. Dr. C. E. Mickel, head of the entomology department at the Un- iversity of Minnesota farm cam- pus, said today the late spring has put a damper on the mosquito, but it's only a temporary setback. Ibill for the year beginning July 1, japproved a cut of more than for the postoffice. Yesterday Chairman Maybank (D.-S. C.) of a Senate appropria- tions subcommittee handling postal funds disclosed that Donaldson had written the committee that such a cut would "seriously disrupt" both the transportation and delivery of mail. He said it would restrict serv- ice for both city and rural areas. WEATHER The Teddy Bear seen in the billboard has the right to comment on the truck-auto wreck seen above. He appears to be looking at the wreckage left when an auto collided with a truck loaded with steel. Benjamin F. Boyd, 59, and William W. Thompson, 53, both of Lincoln township, near McKeesport, Pa., where the crash occurred, escaped with minor injuries. They were in the car. The truck driver was unhurt. (AJ. Wirephoto to The Republican-Eerald.) FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and cooler tonight; lowest 50. Partly cloudy and rather cool Thursday; highest in the afternoon 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for ihe 24 hours ending at 12 m. Tuesday: Maximum, 82; minimum, 60; noon, 73; precipitation, .34. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 76; 53; noon, 67; precipitation, .06; sun setsj tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 19. Women's Chief Asks Peace Drive Boston The new leader of American clubwomen to- day called for a nation of "world size" citizens who can win peace through "understanding among na- tions." It is not so much the atomic bomb but our mental attitude that is dangerous, she said. Mrs. Hiram C. Houghton of Red Oak, Iowa, incoming president of the General Federation of Wom- en's Clubs, told the convention of her group: "The real understanding will come only after we have made firm negotiations and solutions of differences and conflicts among the great powers." Mrs. Houghton, a grandmother, will be installed as G.F.W.C. presi- dent Friday. This is a 25-Cent Week Since no paper was published Memorial day, The Republican- Herald carriers will collect lor only flre days or 25 cents this weekend from an subscribers receiving their paper by carrier. Stresses Erection Of Defense Plan To Stop Russians Washington Secretary of State Acheson told Congress today that the growing power of Russia can only be met by organizing the military might of the West Into "balanced collective forces." He appealed to Congress to sup- port such a course, saying President Truman, Secretary of Defense Johnson- and he agree it must be made to work. Reporting on his recent cold war strategy talks in London, Acheson said the Western nations have reached "another time of decision" in which they must either strength- en their North Atlantic treaty, and Western European, partnerships or risk falling backward into "total failure." The 12 Atlantic treaty foreign ministers, including himself, Acheson disclosed, did not say anyttiing at London which indicat- ed "any immediate threat of war." They were concerned rather to meet a Russian threat which "will erist unless we act now to pre- pare our defenses against aggres- sion." Congressmen Present Acheson spoke in the Library of Congress at a meeting to which all House and Senate members were invited. Three radio net- works (ABC, MBS, NBC) and one television hookup (NBC) carried his speech to the nation. It was the lirst time he hail made such a pub- lic report on a, foreign minister session or North Atlantic treaty meeting. The creation of "balanced col- lective forces" would mean that each of the 12 Atlantic treaty pow- ers would build up troopsASgHB arms according to the needs of the whole alliance rather than strictly for its own defensive needs. Under this system the Unit- ed States, officials say, would spend Force relatively and Navy more on Air than on Army Mrs. H. C. Houghton development. "The President has authorized me to Acheson declared, ''that he supports Secretary John- son and me in our view that we must make this principle work, for we can see no other way to accomplish the job of defense and at the same time to get ahead with the constructive task of build- Ing a successfully functioning; eco- nomy in the free world." Situation Dangerous Discussing costs', Acbeson said that "a very large economic and financial effort" is needed to meet what he called "a dangerous situ- ation." "The work of the North Atlantic treaty organization in the first year of its existence that the task of defense is so large, its cost in labor and material re- sources so high, and the problem of security so indivisible, that on- ly a combined effort will be ade- quate." He added: "The job can not be done un- less we do our full part which in- cludes the provision of mutual de- fense assistance." This was viewed as a plea for congressional approval of a second year American arms aid program which President Truman is expected to submit to Congress this week. The program, approved by the State department and the Budget bureau, proposes spending an ad- ditional for arms in nine Atlantic pact nations and the balance in other nations in the path of possible Communist ag- gression. The funds would be avail- able for use during the fiscal year starting July 1. Acheson reported he bad found at the London meeting "a new vig- or in European life and European leadership." "The Atlantic community is on the right be "We iave gone some distance down it, and we know where we are going. In noting that none of the 12 for- eign ministers said anything which "indicated that there is an imme- diate threat of Acheson said: "It was our unanimous view that this is not the problem. The prob- lem is to meet a threat which, in view of the known program of the Kremlin, will exist unless We act now to prepare our. defenses against aggression. "We hope never to need them. But so long as any dictatorship builds powerful armed forces, so long must democracies, if they are to be left in peace, evidence their determination to defend them- selves by maintaining adequate forces in being and adequate state of preparedness." Reporting on his talks with French Foreign Minister Schuman and British Foreign Secretary Bev- in, Acheson termed the French pro- posal for a Franco-German coal and steel combine "a 'momentous and courageous act" which will open the door to a "new era" if perfected and used to strengthen (Continued on Fate 12, Column 6.) ACHESON
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