Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Sunday; Warmer Sunday Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 86 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 27, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Crises Fail To Knock Off Smile By Stewart Alsop Washington He smiles all the time. If you attend one of the President's weekly press confer- ences, that is likely to be the first thing you notice about this natty sharp-faced, ruddy complexionec man, who carries such an appall- ing load of responsibility. With some people it requires a cocscic-u effort to smile. With President Tru- man it apparently requires a con- scious effort not to smile Most of the questions are pretty trivial, and when they are being asked or answered, the President's grin never for a moment leaves his face. Then there is a serious question about defense, perhaps, or Trygve Lie's peace mission and one can almost sense Truman saying to himself, "This is serious I must look as the grinj is slowly erased. The smile is perhaps in part a nervous reaction. Even while he is smiling, you notice if you are near enough, the President is aptj to open and shut his left hand ini a tense, repeated motion. Yet thej constant smile does certainly ex- press something real in the man, I whether it Is mere cockiness', orj an irrational euphoria, or a healthy] confidence, or native optimism. AS YOU LOOK AT HIM, it Is! hard to believe that his smiling man, with his neat, 'four-pointed silk handerchief in his breast pocket, and his cheerful face, so astonishingly like the faces of so many Americans, Is .what he is. For here is a man who carries as heavy a load of responsibility as any President has ever carried. During no other Presidency, after all, has an aggressive and ruthless potential enemy been capable of Inflicting mortal wounds on the United States Itself. Yet Harry Truman smiles on. What lies behind the smile? A man of courage and stature, or an amiable politician, catapulted by a series of incredible accidents into the Presidency? By the end of this year, it should be possible to an- swer this question with some as- surance. The reason is simple. President Truman Is now confronted with a hard, clear-cut choice. The Na- tional Security Council is even now wrestling with this choice, but It Is Truman who must take the fin- al responsibility lor any decision. The choice Is between a real ef- fort to place the Atlantic commu nity as a whole In a posture of de- fense, or half-measure and busl- ness-as-usual. HEBE ABE SOME of the un- cheerful facts of which the smiling President must be aware. The best estimates are that some time be- tween 1952 and 1954 the Soviet Un- ion should be capable of a surprise atomic strike which would knock out between 25 and 40 per cent of the American war potential. More- over, unless the present scale of the Atlantic pact defense effort is tourist business, the Mississippi Czechs Face U. S. Crackdown Drivers Of Both these vehicles escaped injury in this pileup on U, S. highway 40 near Wentz- ville. Mo. The top car was trying to pass the bottom car when it was struck from the rear by a truck which also was trying to pass. The passenger vehicles hit, did a spin and wound up in the position Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) East German Youth Follow Hitler Line By Daniel De Luce Berlin With pomp and fanfare reminiscent of the Hitler era, East Germany's Communist youth brigades paid homage today to Russia's war dead. Western troops and West German police patrolled :he Western.', sectors on watchful alert as the long-heralded Whitsun- tide rallies steamed into high gear. There were a few minor incidents here and" there, but mainly the -------------------------------------------city was calm and orderly. Three 'East German police, armed with .old-..German army carbines, ab- ducted a German from the Ameri- can sector during the noon hour and fired on Western police when they attempted pursuit. That was the second such inci- dent in 24 hours. The first was forestalled last night when British sector police seized two alleged Communist agents as they were pushing a political refugee Into State-to-Gulf River Parkway Project Pushed Jackson, Miss. A Min- nesota-to-gulf highway can be jus- tified on the grounds of national defense and the rapidly expanding an east-bound elevated train. Some Deserters But all the Eastern police were not happy. Eight young conscripts fled to the Western sectors, Allied officials reported, making a total decisively augmented, the Red Ar- river parkway commission was told of 14 such deserters so far. my will at the same time be cap- yesterday. able of overrunning Western Eur- ope and neutralizing Great Britain. The Soviet Union Is far less vul- A. P. Greensfelder of St. Louis, pilot (chairman) of the comrnis- More than blue-shirted youngsters of the Free German youth Freie Duetsche Jugend nerable to atomic bombing than] that "it is a good defensive pro- sion, told delegates from 11 (FDJ) stood stiffly while the United States. The men in the Kremlin believe that war is soon- er or later inevitable. Under the circumstances outlined above, the Soviets could hope to gain their ends by the mere threat of war, or failing that, to win a war if war oame. THE JAUNTY PRESIDENT must be aware of these facts. He must further be aware that his best experts do not believe that this situation need ever arise. For these experts believe that a deter- mined effort will make it possible to deny Western Europe to the gram to provide alternate automo- bile routes for times of great na- tional need." The commission is promoting construction of a four lane thor- oughfare from the headwaters of the Mississippi river at Lake Itasca, Minn., to the river mouth below New Orleans. Congress has author- ized for a preliminary sur- vey and made available for immediate work. Greensfelder said many justifica- tions exist for the parkway's con- struction. Besides tourist business and defense, it also would provide Red army by the time the Soviets jmore markets for farm areas in the have a decisive atomic statfis and counties. Moreover, the experts believe that! in this case the Soviet leaders could not risk war, simply because they would know they could not win it. If Soviet communications could be cut while the Red Army was still fighting, the offensive capabilities of the Red army could be quite quickly undermined. Yet President Truman has also undoubtedly been studying the es- timates of the experts on the scope of the effort required to make the defense of Western Europe a real thing instead of the sham it now is. The cost to this country alone and this assumes a major ef- fort by the Europeans would probably run to between strongest southern supports, put his and over a pe-jpolitical fate in the hands of North riod of several years. At the same j Carolina voters today. time, the military strength of the Seeking the Democratic nomina- United States would have to be tion for the rest of the term he wreathes were laid at the foot of a Soviet memorial made largely of marble wrenched from Hitler's for- mer chancellory. The ceremony was a highlight in the three-day Free German youth demonstration which will be cli- maxed here tomorrow with a mon- ster parade. Today's tribute to the war Wisconsin Crime Probe Launched at Miami Meet Accountants, Tax Experts Testify Amid Secrecy Miami, long await- ed and much discussed Senate in- vestigation of crime and gambling activities on a nation-wide scale has been launched here by Senator Ke- fauver The investigation, begun yesterday with dramatic swiftness and secrecy, resumed early today behind locked and closely guarded doors in the fed-1 government prosecutor "that the eral building. Justice department case against the Amerasia defendants all but fell In New York Must Close Hartford, Conn. The jury in the Draper-Adler- McCulloagh libel trial today reported that it had been "unable to reach a but the judge ordered It to make "one more try" after lunch. Paul Butterworth, jury foreman, reported to Judge J. Joteph Smith at a. m. (C.S.T) "We are unable reach a. verdict." Smith told the jury "in view of the time which the case been under way the court request another effort after lunch." The jury resumed its deliberation! ten minutes later. The jurors, refreshed by a night's sleep, returned to the jury room shortly before 8 a. m. (C.S.T) today. They had been unable to agree after deliberating nearly seven hours yesterday. Illegal Seizure Hinted n Amerasia Inquiry Washington A striking new development involving the 1945 Amerasia case brought a fresh dispute today between Senator McCarthy (B.-Wis.) and the Senate group investigating his charges of Communism in the government. The new development came in the form of a statement by a former With Senator Kefauver were Sen- ator Hunt and Budolph Halley, counsel for the five-member Senate committee charged with probing gambling, political bribery and national crime syndicates. Arrivals Secret apart when some of them learned that the major evidence against them had been obtained illegally. The defendants were charged with unlawful removal of hundreds jot secret government documents, Committee Investigator Downey'some of which were found in the Rice arrived from Washington Wed-j offices of Amerasia magazine, a nesday and kept his presence and j now-defunct publication which identity a complete secret. Even Mi- dealt with Par Eastern affairs. ami law enforcement officers were unaware of his arrival. Halley and the senators arrived by plane shortly after noon yesterday. The investigation began immediate- ly. A U, S. marshall's deputy was posted outside the federal chamber door. Reporters learned the entire floor was checked for possible eaves- droppers vened. before the hearing con- Although the nature of the probe was not disclosed, nor the names of many of the 11 witnesses known to outside observers, it was gener- ally concluded most were account- es appeared with bulging brief cases and piles of papers and books. Surprise Element Accident Death Toll Hits 39 As Holiday Begins By The Associated Press The Memorial day weekend to honor the nation's war marred almost as It began today by a slowly mounting toll of accidental deaths. There was no pomp- or ceremony for the victims who lay mangled on the highways. No patriotism or valor dignified the deaths of those who perished as the result of a moment's carelessness. As the nation took to the high- ways for the long spring weekend, traffic accidents always the heaviest accidental killer, began to mount, A violent death toll of 29 since 6 p. time) Friday includ- ed 22 victims of highway crashes. Four died in miscellaneous acci- dents. There were no drownings reported up to noon Saturday. The National Safety Council has estimated that approximately 290 persons will perish in Memorial day weekend traffic. The estimate.____ is based on a four-day holiday per- world characters as Anthony Car- iofl with very heavy auto travel.Sfano, known as "Little Aume. 'i Council President Ned H. Dearborn 1 have taken control of the hotel said the figure could be cut in half "if motorists met the holiday haz- ards with extra caution and courte- sy." The government prosecutor in the case was Robert M. Hitchcock, who read his statement behind closed doors yesterday to the Sen- ate foreign relations subcommittee studying McCarthy's charges. Secret Hearings Hit In releasing the statement later, Chairman Typings (D.-Md.) said additional testimony by Hitchcock was not being made available be- cause there was no time to pre- pare it. That prompted a sharp comment from McCarthy, who has called the Amerasia case a key part of __ his charges that the State depart- Escorted by former F.B.I, agents! ment harbors Communists and and executives of the Greater j communist sympathizers. "The new; practice of witness in secret session and care- fully selecting the parts of his tes- sUaenLCIll tommy which will be made public "This is a rifle shot prop_osi-j k t d th which wm be k t commented OOUUMI is fantastic beyond "it's the element of surprise that strikes terror in criminal hearts. Among the witnesses was Joe Brown, chief of the intelligence unit of the Internal Revenue bur- eau here and four of his agents, leading to the speculation that Senator Kefauver intends to quash bigtime gambling activities through income tax same method used to put Al Capone be- hind bars. Mrs. Olive Wofford, who has fig- ured in a number of court actions charging the Wofford hotel which she owns has become a hangout for hoodlums, opened the session with the committee. Mrs. Wofford has charged in court that such under- McCarthy declared. The Wisconsin Republican also responded heatedly -to a new State department statement that "t h e facts do not deter him from his reckless course." The statement was prompted by McCarthy's blast at the department in a speech at Rochester, N. Y., Thursday night. McCarthy said the. "barrage of rnisstatements coming from the State department" may force him to make public more secret docu- "I don't want to To Study Speech In its statement the department promised an "analysis" of McCar- youth in Berlin. I si and Near Canton Given Chinese Reds Hong Kong The Chi- nese Nationalists handed the Wanshan (Ladrone) island to the Communists today, the Royal British navy reported. A spokesman said evacua- tion of the blockade base 40 miles southwest of Hong Kong: was completed by Nationalist at 8 a.m. In giving up the Wanshann the Nationalists left the trade- starved Communist of Canton open to foreign sea commerce for the first time In more than eight months. Allies Propose 8-Point Plan For Germany Retaliation for Soviet Pressure On Americans Bonn, Germany Western powers challenged Russiaj Friday to clear the way for unify- ing Germany by consenting to completely free all-German elec- tions tied in with guarantees of full individual freedoms. The time element of the state- ment of the three Western high commissioners to the Russian com- mand in Germany was significant. It was issued while world atten- tion was focused on the rally of Communist-led German of a country which was once Ger- many's bitterest foe called out on- ly a portion of the estimated 000 youths of East Germany who have already gathered here. The wreath-laying ceremony, which also was used to attack the weekend began. Accidents Kill 4 By The Associated Press Minnesota and Wisconsin's acci- dental death total stood at four today as the long Memorial day Graham Puts Fate in Hands Of N.C. Voters Raleigh, N. C. Senator Western Allies, was strictly a Ger- man affair. Only two Soviet offi- cers were on hand. They stayed discreetly in the background. Erich Honecker, president of the Free German youth, led a proces- sion which included Communist delegates from Bulgaria, Czecho- slovakia, Red China, Austria, Viet- nam, Poland and Denmark. Fight for Peace "In the rest of our fatherland we will openly and courageously fight for peace. We will fight to liberate our brothers and sisters in the West from Anglo-American Frank P.' Graham, good friend reign and to save our peo' President Truman and one of fT01? the ,cruel rst decisively increased. This would mean continued high taxes, continued deficits, battles with Congressional isolationists, the abandonment of costly domes- tic projects, even possible repudia- tion by the Congress or at the polls. It is an old, familiar choice, which must be often in the mind fills by appointment, the former president of the University of North Carolina was opposed by Willis Smith, Raleigh corporation lawyer, and Former Senator Robert R. Rey- nolds. The term expires in 1954. Smith, former president of American Ear association and a self-declared middle-of-the-roader, of the President as he smiles sol criticized part of the Truman cheerfully. Others can advise. But policies. only he can make the choice. Sol The bitter fight, one of the most we should soon know what lies be-1 hectic primary campaigns in North speeches were on the same line. the original lessees. Brown told reporters before en- tering the committee room that "I cannot tell you anything except in and saidj identical letters of the his charges have states, British and French the disclosure of a sin- cornmissioners were sent to Gen- generalities without a order." presidential! Minnesota victims were: Joan Surprenant, 17, and Rich- ard Lee, 15, Grand Forks, N. D., high school students. They were killed Friday night when their carl collided with a truck on highway j 2, a short distance east of East! Grand Forks, Minn. Four other students were hurt. Orrin L, Erickson, 46, of Min- neapolis, who was killed when his car and another collided Friday night on highway 52 two miles south of Osseo, Minn. Erickson and members cf his family were on their way to northern Minne- sota to fish, Mrs. Erickson, 45; her two children. Ruth, 13, and Caro- lyn, seven, Mrs. Isabel Wyun, 52, a neighbor, and Louis Bredenberg, 64, of Osseo, were hurt. Breden- The blue flags which fluttered berg was the driver of the second before the memorial were dipped jcar. as the police band played "theyi one accidental death was report- have fallen in the fight" and theied in Wisconsin today as the week- free German youth marched began, the park. j Mrs. Lena Lentz, 81, of Milwau- They would have nothing to dojkee, was run over and killed by a with western reporters. Attempts j North Western Road passenger to talk to them were turned away with a curt shake of the head or an uneasy glance and retreat. hind the smile. Cigarette Blamed In Bogota Blast Bogota, Colombia A dis- carded cigarette was reported to have set off an explosion of storeO powder which killed at least ten persons yesterday in Neiva, 150 miles southwest of Bogota. Fourteen other persons were In- jured and six buildings in the city's commercial area were destroy- ed. The powder had been stored in a dry-goods stors. Judd Praises Carolina history, has been largely between Graham and Smith. Rey- nolds, who on two terms in the Senate with flambuoyant, colorful campaigns, reversed himself and went about quietly seeking votes. Most observers agreed the real battle was between Graham and Smith, with the possibility neither will receive a majority and a run- off will be necessary June 24. Nomi- Washington (ff} "Minnesota need not take a back seat to the cheese produced in other Representative Judd (R-Minu.) an- nounced Friday as he served Swiss cheese to his colleagues in the House restaurant. A week ago, Swiss cheese from nation is equal to election in this Wisconsin and Ohio was served to state. congressmen after an argument Election officials forecast a vote over which state produces the bet- of 425.000 to The pollsjter Cheese. The contest was a opened at a. m. (Central Stand-' ard Time) and will close at p. m. jdraw. The cheese Judd provided Friday was sent by a Minneapolis firm. was train at the Oshkosh depot early today. Authorities said the front of the locomotive struck the wom- an's arm as she walked along- the station platform and she drawn under the wheels. 49 in Russ Mission Depart From Japan Tokyo Lieutenant Gene- ral Kuzma Derevyanko and 48 oth- er key members of the Soviet mis- sion in Japan departed suddenly for Moscow this morning, authorita- tive sources disclosed. The Russians left aboard a Soviet vessel which brought in 35 replace- ments. The sources said the re- placements were junior military len. There was no immediate explana- tion for the departure, which sur- prised diplomatic circles. Chicago Crash Investigations Get Under Way Chicago A half dozen sep- arate investigations were being made today in connection with the streetcar-gasoline truck crash in which 32 persons were killed Thurs- day. Some of the points the investiga- tors are attempting to clear appeal- ed to be the rate of speed the crowd- ed trolley was moving and the dis- crepancy in passengers' accounts of the operation of the car's rear doors. Thirty-one of the estimated 48 persons in the the motorman perished minutes after the car crashed into the big gasoline truck. The driver of the double trailer truck, which contained some gallons of gasoline, also was killed. Thirty others were hurt. The spreading flames touched off fires near the accident scene at 62nd and State streets, on the city's south- side. Five two-story buildings and several automobiles were destroyed. The death toll of 32, the National Safety council said, was the largest to result from a motor vehicle col- lision in the nation. It had been 33, but coroner officials revised it last night after a complete exami- nation of the charred bodies. Thirty of the dead had been iden- tified. They Included 15 Negroes. All were from Chicago. Police, who started their investi- gation of the accident immediately after the crash, arrested the trolley conductor yesterday on a charge leaving the scene of an accident. The conductor, William C. Liddell, 28, a Negro who escaped the fiery car with several passengers, was released on bond posted by the Chicago Transit Authority, which operates the city's street car and elevated lines. gle Communist" In its employ. McCarthy aud others in Congress have claimed that there was an administration "cover up" of the Amerasia case. Six persons were arrested after the F.B.I. and the Office of Strat- egic Services found government documents in the magazine's of- fices and elsewhere, but only two of the persons stood trial. They were fined. Hitchcock, now a Buffalo, N. Y., attorney, stated that the F.B.I, and Office of Strategic Services had obtained much of their evidence through raids conducted without search warrants. He held that they were perfectly justified in doing this where national security was involved. However, he added, the evidence thus obtained made a very shaky case for the Justice department. The success of the prosecution, he said, hinged on keeping any infor- mation about the illegal raids from the defendants. ,eral V. I. Chuikov, Soviet com mandei' in Germany. The letters proposed this pro- gram: 1. A freely elected all-German government, 2. Individual freedom of move- ment, freedom from arbitrary ar- rest and detention, freedom of as- sociation and assembly, freedom of speech, press and radio through- out Germany. 3. Freedom of action throughout all Germany for all democratic po- litical parties. 4. Independence of the courts. 5. Prohibition throughout Ger- many of political secret police and police formations which are mili- tary in character. 6. Assurance of German econom- ic unity through action by an all- German government on such mat- ters as currency and customs and through four-power agreement on such matters as a halt to repara- tions from current -production and limitations on industry. 7. Surrender in accordance with German legislation of any indus- trial enterprise in Germany whose ownership or control was acquired after May 8, 1945 (the end of the war) by or on behalf of any for- eign power, unless the acquisition had four-power approval and such acquisition or interest is subjected of four-power Mary Albel, No. 34, Winona, is shown competing In the national spelling bee at Wash- ington, D. C. Mary was eli- minated in the tenth round. (Story on page Wire- photo to The Republican-Her- ald.) Washington The United States today ordered Communist Czechoslovakia to close its New York consulate. At the same time, the State de- partment announced that the American consulate in Bratislava is being closed. The U. S. said it is yielding to a demand by the Prague government to reduce tot- al U. S. diplomatic staff in Czecho- slovakia from 26 to 12 by June 6. The department said the Amer- ican action was taken in a presented by Ambassador Ellis Briggs to Czech Foreign Minister Viliam Siroky at Prague today. The American note was in an- swer to a Czech note of May 23 saying that the United States should cut its official personnel to 12 persons the number of Czech diplomats now officially permitted in this country. The Czech demand had angered State- department officials since this country has for several yeari maintained a larger staff in Prague than the Czechs have maintained in Washington. The decision therefore was made to force the closing of the Czech, consulate general, including the of- fice of the commercial counselor. in New York. While the American note used such terms as "re- the message amounted to an order to the Czechs to closa the consulate. This meant the Czechs would close the American Bratislava con- sulate so the State department simply beat the Czechs to the punch and announced the consulate there li being: closed. The action came, within 24 after the- United States had re- stricted Romanian diplomats to an area of 35 miles around the city of Washington. That move was In retaliation for Romanian restric- tions on U. 8. officials In that coun- try. Czechoslovakia, charging that Americans have been involved In The three espionage against the Communist last month ordered the Prague and Brataslava staffs cut from a total of 76 to 26. The American response on May 13 was to order a proportionate reduction by the Czechs In this country. The closing of the Cleve- land and Pittsburgh consulates fol- lowed. Last week Czechoslovakia de- manded a further cut, to a maxi- mum of 12 Americans and eeven locally-employed aides. The travel ban against the Ro- manians was announced yesterday by Under Secretary of State Webb. Shooting Gallery Mishap Injures Boy St. Paul John Downey, Jr., six, went to a neighborhood carnival with his dad last night, spotted lights shining through, a hole In a tent. He stuck In hii head, was hit by the ricocheting pellets from a bullet hitting the target end of a shooting gallery. Ancker hospital physicians, remov- ing the pieces of lead, said they would save the boy's right eye. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and tonight nd Sunday. Somewhat warmer Sunday. Low tonight 48; high Sun- day afternoon 75. Local Weather Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 75; minimum, 48; noon, 70; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at DAILY KIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Chj. to German law. 8. Establishment supervision through a commission asing its powers in such a way as to permit the German govern- ment to function effectively. The west German government, giving the proposal its full sup- port, welcomed the declaration. Franlo Farms Plan Holstein Auction Hopkins, Minn. Franlo Farms' famous herd of Holstein cattle is to be sold at auction July 10. F. W. Griswold, manufacturer who owns the farms, said today the herd is being sold because his business prevents him. from giving it proper attention. The 150 animals are valued at Among them is the nine- year-old bull, Chip of Nettie and Aggie, regarded by some experts as the all-time best of breed. 10.0 12.9 8.9 95 7.9 9.2 10.1 9.1 9.0 9.5 9.4 8.8 9.9 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand 4.0 Red Wing.......14 Lake City Reads 12 Dam 4, T.W....... Dam 5, T.W....... Dam 5A, T.W...... Winona .........13 Dam 6, Pool...... Dam 6, T.W....... Dakota............ Dam 7, Pool....... Dam 7, T.W....... La Crosse -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -o'i -0.3 -0.1 Zumbro at Theilman 2.0 Buffalo above Alma 1.6 Trempealeau at Dodge 0.4 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.7 Root at Houston ......6.3 Root at Hokah ........40.0 -0.1 RIVER FORECAST (From to Guttenbcrg) The Mississippi will continue fall- ing from Lake Pepin to below Prai- rie du Chien for several days with daily falls of 02 to 0.3 foot. Gates will be lowered at the Genoa dam soon and later at Hastings, Minn. There will be little change from St. Paul to Red Wing. Additional weather on Page 9.