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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 24, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Cooler Thursday Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 83 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 24, 1950 TWENTY PAGES 5th Column Strength War Factor By Stewart Alsop Washington How many atom bombs do the Russians have? How many will they have In 1952? In 1954? What will happen when Stalin dies_and incidentally what is the real state of Stalin's health? How much resistance will there be in the satellite countries if war comes, and can resistance be pro- moted in time of "peace? How strong is the Communist fifth col umn in Prance? In Norway? In Indonesia? Are the Soviets ready to risk war over Berlin? Such questions are for the mosl part unanswerable. Yet American policy must be based on a shrewt guess at the answers. The chief guesser, the oracle whom the mat ers of policy must consult, is the director of the Central Intelligence Agency. That is why the director ship of the C.I.A. is one of the most crucial, and the most agon Izingly difficult, of cold war Jobs THE PRESENT ORACLE is Ad ew Maritime Board Create New General Motors Pact to Run 5 Years Hailed as Settling Influence on Labor Conditions By Glenn Engle Detroit The sudden and significant new General Motors contract left the auto Industry to- day in its most settled condition In years. All the "big three' G.M., Ford and Chrysler and some of the so-called Independents were signed up with the C.I.O. United Auto Workers for at least two years. Longest of all the agreements Is the unprecedented five-year Gen- Earl Wavel! miral Boscoe Hillenkoetter, who has done a good Job under exceed eral Motors pact announced yes- iius J Tt rtnoo nnf norm t pvpn a. ingly difficult circumstances. His worst troubles have arisen from the fact that he is a mere Rear Admiral, a lower order of animal in the forest of Washington brass. At any rate, Hillenkoetter was loaned to the C.I.A. by the Navy, and his three-year tour of duty has come to an end. He is therefore preparing to hand on the poisoned chalice to someone else, and thank- fully abandon the Washington bear-pit for the tranquillity of ocean service. At present, the most likely re- ceiver of the poisoned chalice seems to be either General Bedell Smith, the able former Ambassa- dor to Moscow, or the equally able deputy director of E.C.A., William Foster. Whoever accepts the as- signment win find It a hideously difficult one. Intelligence estimates deeply af- fect every aspect of foreign and defense policy. Intelligence is thus a potent weapon In the hands of any officiaUptent on promoting: his pollTyr'This Is why an In- telligence agency inevitably be- comes center of bitter, shiv- sticking, no-holds-barred warfare within the government. THIS IS ALSO WHY, in the ten- sion brought on by Defense Sec- retary Louis Johnson's empire- building proclivities, the State De- partment Is determined that the new C.I.A. chief shall not be a creature of the Pentagon. Indeed, any secret intelligence head must be wholly independent of everyone but the President. It is absolutely essential that he have the personal stature, rank, and ability to defy when necessary the wrath of any and every official in Washington, up to and including cabinet rank. Both Smith and Foster are con- sidered to have this quality ofjn- dependence, which is one reason why their names stand high on the lists of possible C.I.A. chiefs, which are now being passed around. Other names have of course been discussed. Former Un- der Secretary of State Robert A. Lovett, it is generally agreed, would make an -ideal appointment, but Lovett has let It be known that nothing on earth would per- suade him to take the Job. William Jackson, a New YorK lawyer with Intelligence experi- ence, has been tentatively consid- ered So has the able Ambassador to France, David Bruce, and one or two others. But Bruce is badly needed in his present post, and most of the others are probably disqualified. So the finger points, for the present, at either Foster or Smith. THE FINAL DECISION on whether to offer the assignment to Smith, Foster, or another, will of course rest with Truman the nature of things terday. It does not permit even a wage reopening before 1955. The Ford contract allows either the company or union to ask for wage adjustments once before it expires in 1952. The Chrysler con- tract permits two wage reopen- by either side in Its three- year duration. All this seemed to leave both sides in the Industry satisfied. Management was looking for- ward to long periods free from la- bor strife. The U.A.W. was hope- ful of using the big three agree- ments as patterns at scores of smaller firms where bargaining has been held up pending the big settlements. The union claimed it was far superior to either the strikeless Ford settlement last September or the Chrysler settlement at the end of a 100-day strike May 4. Its major provisions were these: 1. Continuation of the unique escalator clause in the old two- year contract. This hitches wages of nearly G.M. workers to the cost of living as measured by the Labor depart- ment's Bureau of Labor Statis- tics. 2. A. guaranteed four-cent hourly wage boost when the contract goes into effect next Monday and another each May 29 thereafter for the next four years. This Is known as an "annual improvement factor" unaffected by ups and downs in living costs. 3. Pensions of at least a month, Including federal so- cial security benefits, with a maximum of If the gov- ernment payments are Increas- ed by Congress. Full pensions are payable at age 65 after 25 years' service. 4. A modified version of a union shop. This requires all new employes to Join the un- ion within 90 days for a per- iod of at least a year, giving them an option of quitting at the end of that time. Old em- ployes now in the union will be required to maintain their membership. Those not now In the union are not required to Join. The terms also provide Increases in vacation benefits and in medi- cal hospital insurance. Walter Reuther, U.A.W. president said the G.M. settlement was worth 19 cents an hour immedi- ately and 35 cents after the last four-cent wage boost is paid. In a secret In- telligence chief must be very much the President's man. Moreover, Truman himself is deeply interest- ed in secret intelligence matters. He regularly studies the special re- ports prepared for him by the CIA. as the day's first order ol business, and he frequently orders a special briefing by the Intelli- gence chief. Thus it. is essential that the C.I.A. head be a man in whom the President has personal confidence. The appointment is obviously of immense importance at this stage in the cold war. For the role of the CI.A. will not henceforth be confined to the passive collection of secret intelligence. Clearly the subject is not one for detailed pub- lic discussion. But it is obvious on the face of It that the Soviet Un- ion has heretofore enjoyed a vir- tual monopoly in the twilight zone of clandestine subversion and or- ganized resistance. It is equally obvious that the So- viet system Itself: with far graver real weaknesses than the Western world, Is by no means Invulnerable to this sort of pressure. The new C.I.A. chief will have the task of breaking the Soviet monopoly, a task which must be done if the cold war is to be won. The C.I.A. head will thus become one of the key figures in the conduct of the cold war. Both Foster and Smith are exceedingly able, well-qualified men. But if one or the other is offered the post, and Is so fool- hardy as to accept it, he will have iis job cut out for him. substantial victories for Britain in the last war. He turned the tide, temporarily at least, in 1940 and 1941 and inspired the empire with hope in a time of deep depression. Wavell drove Italian forces from _____________ Egypt, cleared much of Cirenaica judge McGranery granted the re- and smashed the strongest ele- ments of _ Mussolini's A f r -i.c a n troops. Reverses followed for Britain In Africa, the German Africa corps under Field Marshal Erwin Kom Population Rises in Waukesha Madison, Wis. The popu lation of the city of Waukesha in- creased in ten years, the Dis- trict Census Bureau reported to- day. The. 1950 figure is com- pared With in 1940. U. S. Chemist Held As Fuchs' Contact Man Further Hearing Set for June 12 In Philadelphia By Orlo Robertson Philadelphia A 39-year-old Philadelphia research chemist of Russian extraction is held today in bail, charged with re- ceiving atomic bomb secrets from Dr. Klaus'Fuchs and turning them over to Soviet Russia. Dr. Fuchs Is the former top Brit- ish atomic scientist serving 14 years for passing atom secrets to Russia. Arrest of Harry Gold, senior blo-j Lorenz Waives Hearing On Charge of Assault British Marshal Earl Wavell Succumbs at 67 London Earl Wavell, the one-eyed British field marshal who crushed Italian armies in Africa ten years ago, died today. The veteran soldier, who also served as viceroy of India in the turbulent period after the war, un- derwent an abdominal operation on May 5, his 67 birthday. He suffer- ed a relapse Sunday. A daring strategist who believed did In taking calculated risks, Archi-jnot nave speak without benefit bald Percival Wavell won counsei. Speaks Only Twice And Gold spoke only twice. He admitted he was the Gold named in the warrant and requested per- mission to telephone a brother in Philadelphia to obtain counsel. Wabasha Officials Confer on Action In Wife Slaying By Gordon Holte The village of Minneiska with its 200 residents basked In the warmth of the year's most pleasant spring day but nobody here was talking about the weather this morning. Wherever residents met at Min-j neiska this the lunch- room, grocery store, cafe or garage that flank highway conver- sation centered on the startling con- fession yesterday that fellow towns- man Charles Lorenz slew his wife here In 1933. Most persons here this morning observed that they "always kind of wondered about" the circumstances of Mrs. Lorenz's death which for 17 years had been listed officially as chemist'In'one''of "Philadelphia's! due to accidental causes, largest hospitals for the last two! Yesterday's admission by Lorenz years was announced in Washing-! who told Sheriffs George Fort and ton last night by Attorney Jacobs of Winona and Waba- McGrath and F.B.I. Director J. sha counties that he killed his wife with a .22-caliber rifle touched off a reaction in the village that is tinged with some shock, surprise and a slight "I-told-you-so" attitude. In Winona this morning, Lorenz appeared in municipal court for ar- raignment on a charge of first de- gree original charge for which he was arrested by Sheriff George Fort last Saturday. Edgar Hoover. A few minutes later in the Philadelphia chambers of Federal Judge James P. Mc- Granery, the short, pudgy Gold was given a 15-minute hearing and hustled off to Philadelphia's Moy- amensing prison In lieu of bail. Gold's work at Philadelphia Gen- eral hospital was on federally- financed heart research. Judge McGranery set June 12 at 9 a.m. for a further hearing. The time of his arrest was not disclosed. The Jurist told Gold during the uiiuer iciu -.vialiiitvi wiii. ivuin- o------- mel striking back powerfully while civil service senior bio-chemist The hospital Is staffed by the municipal civil service. In announcing the arrest, Me- the British were occupied in Greece. Wavell was transferred to the British command in India where, in a period of Great politi- cal turbulence he became viceroy. In the Far East, as a military commander and a political leader, he played a role in the war against the Japanese which was deeply ap- preciated in America. Wavell was awarded the Legion of Merit, after the war, by President Truman. Wavell started for the king in the South African war in 1901. Later he was engaged in op- erations on India's northwest frontier. He lost an eye while fight- ing in France in the first world wer. Married in 1915 to Eugenie Marie Quirk, Wavell had two daughters and a son. The son, Viscount Ker- en, orn bin 1916, will succeed to the earldom. New York Central Strike Postponed Cleveland (ff) Four railroad operating brotherhoods have post- poned until June 10 a strike they had set for tomorrow against the New York Central Railroad lines east of Buffalo. The date was changed at the request of the National (Railway) Mediation board, said Carl J. Goff, assistant president of the Broth- erhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Other unions involved are the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi- neers, the Order of Railway Con- ductors and the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. "Some 290 miscellaneous griev- ances many of them Individual quest. iater- the. Joseph, told, Waives Hearing Clean-shaven and wearing the same red-checked shirt and khaki pants he wore at the time of his arrest, Lorenz waived Ms right to a preliminary hearing In the lower court and Judge E. D. Llbera or- dered that he be bound over to await the action of the district court. The assault charge Is one of two counts facing the former tavern- keeper and stems from an alleged robbery attempt in which Lorenz was Involved a week ago this morn- ing. Lorenz is said by Sheriff Fort to have signed a confession admitting iater- the. flred. at Jonn reporters he had received a calL robbery attempt from Harry. Joseph said his older fe brother had been employed _at .the Pealofs Philadelphia general nospuai as Pealofs escaped serious injury and four ]ater arrested Loreaz for the offense. After Lorenz admitted Pealofski Incident, the sheriff In announcing .e arres s obtained a full Grath said the charges were based that he deliberately shot on information supplied by Dr. Fuchs, who was arrested in Febru- ary and pleaded guilty March 1. in London two FBI. .agents, in Lonon wo questioned Dr Fuchs today for the sconuse aou com. third time, trytag to trace the er_ After Judge confession that he deliberately shot his first wife in 1933. Slightly Confused When he appeared in court this appeared to be pro- about lines of the Soviets' atom espion- age in America. They had quizzed him first on Saturday and again yesterday. An American official described the imprisoned British scientist as "most co-operative" with the F B.I. officials. He said the agents will continue 'questioning Fuchs daily until the'investigation is com- pleted. Admits Contacts The Joint statement, issued by the Justice department and Hoov- er, said Gold admitted contacts with Fuchs and had given detailed accounts of his activities since first meeting the scientist in New York's east side early in 1944. They Libera had informed him that the lower court had no Jurisdiction over the offense charged and asked whether he wished a preliminary hearing in the municipal court or led as at present. 'Til Death Us Do Js the wedding photo taken of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lorenz following their marriage October 28, 1909. Lorenz today is in the Winona county jail following his confession that he deliberately shot and killed his wife March 31, 1933. The death had been recorded as accidental. House Draft Extension Vote Due by Nightfall By Barney Livingstone two-year extension of the selective service law was ticketed for House consideration today, with passage probable be- fore nightfaU. While extending the draft until 1952, the proposed legislation would put actual inductions on a stand-by basis subject to the decision of Congress to call up men for service.' All youths between .18 and 26 would continue to register with their draft boards and be process- would waive it, Lorenz replied that! he'd "wait." Judge Llera then explained that the term used was "waive." Lor- enz replied that he would have the preliminary hearing. The hearing was set for next Monday morning on the_ recommen- dation of County Attorney W. Ken- neth Nissen. Judge Libera then asked, "Are you sure that you understand exactly what the ques- tion Lorenz replied, "As a matter of _, _ Ani, juuieiiii reyijeu, a. ui had subsequent contacts in Brook-! CQUrt lyn, the Bronx, Manhattan and Queens, N. Y., the F.B.I, said. During the war and postwar per- j peated its instructions. After lis- itening carefully the second time, stted would prefer cases are Goff said, the department said. iod, Dr. Fuchs frequently visited to waive ffie nearmg. He was bound the United States. As an official: _ 6 British government atomic scien- (Continued on Paffe 17, Column tist he had access to important LORENZ atomic laboratory work at Los mos, N. M. and elsewhere. The Justice department said Harry was born in Switzerland and that both his parents were natives ofj Russia. He came to the United States in 1914 when he was four years old and claims derivative citi- zenship as a result of the natural- ization of his parents. Their family name of Golodnitsky was changed to Gold when they were naturalized, Natives Of Cnzco, Pern, probe debris for victims of the earthquake which rocked this ancient Peru- vian city. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Area Corn Planting 30% Complete St. Paul UIV- Corn planting is about half finished in the south- west section of Minnesota's main corn area, about 30 per cent in But until the House and Senate, acting together, declared a nation- al emergency existed which re- quired an increase in the armed forces: 1. No Inductions could be or- dered. 2. The President could not mobilize industry or take over war-essential plants. 3. No 18-year-olds could en- list. 4. Voluntary enlistments of less than two years would be prohibited. The draft-extension bill also au- thorizes the President, upon decla- ration of a national emergency, to order into active service all mem- bers of the military reserve for 21 months. However, 18-year-old re- serves would be excused from this duty at their own request. With no debate, the House yes- terday rammed through a pair of bills authorizing nearly a billion dollars worth of .new defense spending for the fiscal year start- ing July 1. One of the measures authorizes the Navy to spend on a modernization and construction program, and to start work on an the southeast and hasn't yet start-1 experimental atomic-powered sub- marine. The program also contemplates construction of a guided-misslles ship, tons of new vessels, and conversion of up to tons of existing ships. The second new bill contain- ed authorizations for approximate- ly of new construction and public works on land installa- tions in the United -States and at foreign bases. The bill originally contained an additional for construc- tion of military family hous- ing units within the continental United "states. This amount was cut out in preference for construc- tion by private builders under the Wherry act. Nationalists Sink 20 Red Boats Taipei Nationalist war- ships today, sank 20 Chinese Com- munist Junta; in Weitao Bay. near Amoy to lend' emphasis to Taipei's celebration of. continued American aid. Naval guns and Bed shore bat- teries-fought a duel. The Navy said the' shore" batteries were si- lenced without damage or casual- ties to Nationalists. ed in the central areas. The state-federal livestock and crop reporting service gave that picture today in its weekly report. Seeding of small grains is fin- ished in the southern part of the state. In the central areas about 50 per cent of the grain has been seeded with the percentage ranging down to five in Clay county. There has been practically no seeding in the area north of an east-west line through Duluth and Moorhead. The report repeated a previous statement that much flooded land probably cannot be seeded at all this year. AVEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Jfinona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and cooler, preceded by local showers in early evening. Gen- erally fair and cooler Thursday. Low tonight 54, high Thursday 70. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 91; minimum, 66 J noon, 77; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 12, Grand Jury Probes Vice In Chicago Fleming Named Under Secretary Of Commerce Wallgren Given Chairmanship of Power Commission Tru- man today created a new Federal Maritime board and named Major General Philip B. Fleming to be un- der secretary of .commerce for trans- portation. The President also picked thres chairmen of federal commissions, including his old friend, Mon C. Wallgren, to head the Federal Power commission. Wallgren, former gover- nor of Washington, succeeds Nelson Lee Smith. Acting under powers bestowed in federal reorganization plans which took effect today, Mr. Truman also: Named Former Senator James M. Mead, New York Democrat, to be chairman of the Federal Trade com- mission and designated Harry A. Mc- Donald to be chairman of the Secur- ities and Exchange commission. Mead, former Senate colleague of the president, replaces Lowell Ma- son, a Republican who has been act- ing chairman of the FTC. McDonald has been serving at head of the SEC, through the elec- tion of fellow members of the com- mission. The reorganization shakeup pro- duced a temporary three-member Federal Maritime board to replace the 14-year-old Maritime commis- sion which was abolished today. The new board will serve for up to 90 days pending appointment of permanent members. Left without Jobs were four mem- bers of the old five-man commis- sion. The chairman, General Flem- ing, stepped Into new prominence as policy co-ordlnator of all govern- ment transportation activities with, the title of under secretary of com- merce. The displaced members are Ray- mond 'McKeough; David J. Cod- daire, Mellen, and Joseph K. Carson. The new board will operate with- in the Commerce department, under supervision of Secretary Sawyer. Sixteen of the President's 21 pro- posed reorganization plans went in- to effect today. The "Senate yester- day cleared the last three after kill- ing five previously. More Cabinet Authority As further results of the reor- ganization drive, four cabinet of- ficers gained even more authority In their com- merce, interior and labor. Some of their subordinate offices, such as J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation in Justice, 'the.Reclamation bureau in Interior, and the wage-hour division ink labor, were shorn of semi-Independent powers. Simultaneously, the chairmen of lour major, commissions became tha executive bosses of the Federal Trade, Federal Power, and Securities and Exchange com- mission, and the Civil Aeronautics board. In the coses where the boards had Chicago The Cook coun- ty grand Jury, apparently about ready to wind up its investigation of aiisged vice and police laxity in the North Clark street strip tease saloon area, will hear Mayor Martin H. Kennelly tomorrow. Police Commissioner John C. Prendergast told the Jury yester- day he doesn't believe allegations of the Chicago crime commission that policemen have accepted bribes to permit lawlessness to flourish in the honky tonk district. The commission's allegations pre- cipitated the grand Jury investiga- tion. He promised that if conditions in the area are as described by the commission, however, he will make it his personal responsibility to clean' it up. "It's a tough Prender. gast said. He added that Captain Thomas Harrison, in charge of the district, is a "tough policeman and I believe he is a good captain." Mayor Kennelly accepted an in- vitation to appear before the Jury progress." chosen their own chat-men, Mr. Truman henceforth will appoint them. And, presumably, he will have power to remove them. Seven other plans became law on the stroke of midnight. They will reassert various chores in an at- tempt to impose order on the con- fused government structure. Best Record To Date Summing up, the Citizens Com- mittee for the Hoover report called the reorganization record of the 81st Congress to date "the best in the nation's history, but still not good enough." The committee's chairman, Dr. tomorrow morning. He probably will be the final witness. torney assigned to the. grand Jury, said that if the Jurors make any report of their investigation it will be on their own initiative and not in accordance with legal require- ments. He said all the Jurors are required to do is report indict- ments, if any., Russ May Have Religious Freedom York, England The Arch- bishop of York said today there probably is more religious free- dom in the Sovfet Union than in many of her satellite nations. "It is probable that the Russian church, once subjected to severe persecution, has now under Soviet rule as much freedom, though far less prestige and power, as it had under the Archbishop Dr. Cyril F. Garbett told a church con- ference. "But in other Communist countries a policy of persecution baa been adopted." Robert L, Jolinson, Temple university, president of Philadelphia, said that the actions bring to com- pletion about 35 per cent of the recommendation's of last year's re- port of the commission on reorgan- ization, headed by Former President Herbert Hoover. Dr. Johnson's statement voiced 'shock" at the efforts made by "cer- tain pressure groups" to block the reorganization plans. Hoover, him- self, issued a pleased statement say- Ing: "Altogether, we are making Reorganization supporters were panicked last week when the Sen- Edwin Spirb, assistant state's at- ate vetoing one plan after another by big votes, had killed five in a row. Mr. Trumsn himself criticized "obstructionists" in Congress. Wisconsin Improves Pedestrian Safety Madison, Fewer pe- destrians lost their lives on Wis- consin roads so far this year, the safety division of the motor vehicle department reported today. The toll for January through April was 53, the lowest first quar- ter total since'1943. The figure was 16 per cent lower than the first four months of ,1949. Total traffic fatalities, however, increased ten. 'per cent this year compared with the first four months of 1849. This year's toll 211, compared with 151 for the first four, months of last year. The division said 22 counties had no mishaps on streets or highways from, January 'through April this year.
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