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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Cloudy on Saturday Saturday Is Armed Forces Day VOLUME 50, NO. 79 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES usiness Urged to Gird for War Marine Master Sergeant Elmer C. Bender, left, of Cincinnati and Navy Chief Electrician's Mate William C. smith of Long Beach, Calif., who arrived in Hawaii May 16 from the Orient, sit before microphones as they are interviewed at Pearl Harbor. The two fliers, held for 18 months by the Chinese Communists, said.their captors gave them considerate treatment and never offered violence. Bender and Smith are being flown to Los Alamitos. Calif. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Confessed Spying To Escape U. S. Airmen Say By Boy Esioyajj U. S. airmen Indicated yesterday they had a Red chaxga of spying In order to escape from 18 months of captivity in Communist North China. Marina Sergeant Elmer C. Bender, 27, Cincinnati, and Navy Chief Mate William C. .Smith, 32, Long Beach, Calif., said they were treated better "than we could possibly have expected." But they wouldn't say yes or no at a press conference when ask- ed if they had signed confessions that they were American spies. The Communists in announcing their release May 3 said they con- fessed. "As far as statements we madej while we were up said Bender, "we were cut off entirely and "the best way to get out was through our own efforts." Captured In Asked what was meant by that Smith said it was a long story TODAY- Western Defenses Under Fire By Joseph Alsop London Although much re- mains to be done as these words are written, It is already pretty dear what will be born of all the portentous labor of these London meetings. It will be an indetermin- ate animal, big enough to be de- scribed as not-a-mouse by the as- sembled leaders, but far too small to be much later on. use unless It grows Specifically, the Atlantic nations are struggling to strengthen thenv selves by permanent organization. They are also planning to give the new organization a single, execu- tive head, who will act as general spurrer-on of the common effort of the West. And it seems most prob- able that this new international of- ficial, who will have such immense responsibilities, will be an Ameri- can of the stripe of General Dwight D. Eisenhower or Robert A. Lovett. The aim of the organization is to overcome the present difficulty, that decisions are not taken except spasmodically and at long inter- vals, when all the foreign minis- ters are able to assemble in per- .son. The form of organization most discussed is a body of permanent, fully authorized deputies of the At- lantic foreign ministers, with! an executive committee compris- ing representatives of the larger powers. THE FURTHER INTENTION to give this new body a strong execu- tive chief is perhaps even more important. Although our allies have not been unanimous, it Is from them the demand has come for an American of highest stand- ing to fill this post. This means that the inefficiency of doing busi- ness by committee has at last been recognized. It means further that the primary responsibility will at last be placed where it must be placed on American shoulders. A sort of permanent political high command of the cold war is in fact being planned here. This is a big step. Yet this step will lead exactly nowhere, unless the Atlan- tic pact nations also soon acquire a military high command and pro- vide it with the funds to do its job. These are the really basic needs. They have not been met as yet; The urgency of the situation can be ganged by the recent ac- tion of Field As high commander of the West- ern union powers', Montgomery has lately prepared memoranda blunt- ly warning the political leaders that the Western world is without any deiense worthy of the name. Montgomery is particularly preoc- cupied with the ultimate need to mobilize German resources. But he (Continued on Page 11, column 3j ALSOP Western Allies Plan to Lift Austrian Curbs Acheson Calls Atlantic Pact Peace Influence By Sydney Mlrkin London The big three announced today there is no hope in the immediate future for Russian agreement to an Austrian inde- pendence treaty. "They set In mo- tion plans to lift most occupation controls in the Western zones of Austria. At the same time U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson declared that the North Atlantic treaty has been "a positive influence for peace beyond the North Atlantic area." Acheson issued a statement before boarding the liner Brittanic at Liverpool for the return trip from the historic North Atlantic treaty foreign ministers' meetings here. Co-operation Needed The U. 8. secretary, reviewing the achievements in big three and 12-1 nation talks of the past ten days, called for "hard and constant work and the closest kind of co-operation in all the fields of national and international life." Acheson said the North Atlantic council had provided "means for perfecting the common defense 'as a deterrent to aggression in order that peace may be more secure." The treaty already, he said, has made its influence felt over a wide area, particularly in encouraging developments in Greece, Iran and Turkey, areas whose security, ;on said, "is a matter of special concern." Elaborating on their agreement on Austria reached here, Britain, Prance and the United States an- nounced they would replace mili- ;ary governors in their occupation zones with civilian high cornmis- Wolcotf Denies Rent Controls Still Necessary Washington Representa tive Wolcott (R.-Mich.) expressed doubt today that Congress will con- tinue federal rent controls, saying they are "no longer necessary. Wolcott, top-ranking- Republican on the House Banking committee The Towboat Memphis wasn't going anywhere this afternoon. It was sitting on a sandbar four miles above Brownsville, Minn., and waiting for repairs to a damaged rudder post and bottom plate. The Memphis, which was the first craft to complete a run up the Mis- sissippi through the Ice in April, was damaged about a. m. to- day when it apparently hit a snag near the mouth of the Root river. This picture was taken by a Republican-Herald photographer from a Winona Plying Service plane piloted by Ralph Drake. matic representatives of their coun- tries in Austria. and "I will explain it all later.1 When a reporter asked them, how- ever, what means were used to jet Bender replied "There were no means, socall- ed. But it was that they gave us lie idea that we were to be there from now on. We were shut oJ :rom home. We had no news from lome. The longer we stayed, the .onger it looked as if we were go- ing to stay." The two were captured October 19. 1948, when their light plane was forced down by engine trou- Jle near the North China port of Tsingtao. The ctiy then was a U. S. [Continued on Page 9, column AIRMEN" 6.) Senate Fails To Kill FEP Filibuster is a longtime foe of federal ren; ceilings. He said a rent bill ap- proved by the committee yesterday "is a political face-saving compro- mise and might cause chaos." By a 13 to 4 vote, the committee approved a one-year continuation of controls with the provision that ceilings would be lifted auto- matically December 31 in all lo- calities where the governing body or the citizens did not vote to con- tinue them until June 30, 1951. The present law covers i dwelling units throughout the na- jtion. By June 30 local decontrol i actions are expected to reduce the Washington The virtually killed the Fair Employ- I controls in 1946, there were 000 dwelling units under rent ceil- ings. Committee Democrats voted sol- idly'for the compromise bill. While it is weaker than the administra- tion wants, Chairman Spenoe (D.- Ky.) described it as "the best we can get." One Republican voted for the measure; four voted against it. Armed Forces Day Saturday Tru- ng partly cloudy Saturday. No man w111 sound the keynote for ob- Tiaterial change in temperature. I servance of Armed Forces day Practices (FEPC) bill for the session today by refusing to block filibustering by southern opponents. The test came on an attempt to choke off debate on a motion to bring before the Senate for consid- eration this key measure of Presi- dent Truman's civil rights program. A cloture (debate limiting) peti- ;ion fell short by 12 votes of getting the required 64 roll call showed 'no" votes. for adoption. 52 "yes" and WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Wir.ona and vicinity: Cloudy with occasional showers tonight becom- Disabled Boat Awaits Diver Memphis Beached Following Mishap For a towboat which had crunched its way upriver through the ice at winter's end, the Memphis was a sad ship today. It was beached near the Wisconsin shore this afternoon awaiting a diver from St. touis who' could descend and patch plate on towboat's stern. The Memphis, which was pro- ceeding downstream with two load- ed barges and three empties early today struck a snag in the river about four miles above Brownsville The impact damaged a rudder post, bent the shaft and knocked out a bottom plate. The Memphis skipper, Captain David C. Stein, radioed for aid as water began to pour in from the damaged stern. Fortunately for the Memphis, the ;overnment derrick boat which leadquarters at the Fountain City boatyard, was proceeding upriver n the vicinity. The derrick had been working near Guttenberg, Iowa, and was heading for some repair work at Trempealeau dam. So the derrick and its tugs went o the rescue of the disabled Mem- phis, tosser her a line and made ast. It was determined that not much -ould be, done until -a diver could be brought from St. Louis. So the Memphis, escorted by the derrick, teamed over toward the Wisconsin hore and was beached on a bar so t could not sink. All along the river at the dams, Army Finance Center Records Being Studied Washington Assistant Sec- retary of the Army Karl Bendet- sen said today that no individual Is under specific investigation for fraud or willful negligence at the Army finance center In St. Louis. Bendetsen testified before a louse armed services subcommit- tee investigating military phases of alleged irregularities at the cen- ;er. Representative Kllday (D.- Texas) heads this group. He was questioned at the public learing on points attributed to Bendetsen by Chairman Karst (D.- ofa Eouse service sub- ock attendants were getting their t nformation piecemeal on the plight committee after a closed session f the towboac from hands aboard I yesterday. Karst's subcommittee Low tonight 52, high Saturday 70. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the ending at 12 m. today: I Maxiumu, 78; minimum, 51; noon, 74; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- j morrow at DAILY KIVER BULLETIN I Flood Stage 24-hr. I Stage Today jRed Wing u 11.7 j Lake City 14.5 Reads .........12 10.4 ,0am 4, T.W....... 11.3 5, T.W....... 9.6 Dam 5A, T.W 11.8 13 12.6 throughout the nation tomorrow. With Secretary of Defense John- 24 son, the President speaks tonight at a banquet of military men in the Statler hotel session expect- ed to stress the theme of national strength through unity. Tomorrow's nation-wide observ- other boats moving upriver. The mishap occurred near is investigating the center. the! Karst issued a statement saying mouth of the Root river, between [the Army would "adopt practical- La Crosse and Brownsville. An at-'ly all of the Karst subcommittee tendant at the Genoa lock andirecoralnendations to houseclean Andresen Asks Ruling on Air Lines for Area Washington A Minnesota congressman demands that the Civil Aeronautics board speed up its de- cision on a permit for a feeder air- line to serve Winona, Rochester and Red Wing. Representative August Aadresen (R.-Minn.) appeared at a hearing yesterday to urge that these com- munities be given "competent at service promptly." The hearing concerned tore Midwest routes for which permit were given the Parks Air Line o East St. Louis, HI., but over whicl the firm has never operated. A Cab examiner last month rec ommended a splitup of the thre routes among as many carriers with ths Ozark Air Line of St Louis getting the Mississippi val ley line. Turner Airlines of Indianapolis would be given the Great Lake route and Mid-Continent of Kansa City would fly the north centra route. Parks, meanwhile, told the Cal it already has three planes, is deal ing for four more and. should be able to start operations on a "rea sonable scale" within a month. All airlines in the affected area put testimony into the record. Ma- Symington Says Conflict Now in Shooting Stage Cites Loss of Ten Navy Fliers To Russ Airmen Washington W. Stunt Symington called on business lead- ers today for help In mobilizing the country against a warfare which, he said, already has pro- gressed from spying and sabotage to the "shooting" stage. In his first address since becom- ing chairman of the National Re- sources board, Symington told the Committee for Economic Develop- ment (CED) that civil can be preserved In the mobiliza- tion planning. But he warned: "Nothing Is more Important la this air-atomic age than to be ready. If we are not ready, this nation might never even have the chance to retaliate." He told the organization of busl- dam eight said he understood the Memphis had struck a snag, appar- ently something which had come down the flooded Boot or carried down the Mississippi. Another at- tendant at a dam farther uprlver said he had been told that the Memphis had struck a wingdam. the center." suu X4.1W A 1 or argument was against granting AlF rOTCC onir nf 4-Via _ Vandenberg States Mid-Continent any part of the so- called feeder system because it is a trunk operator now. The hearing continued here today. But anyhow, Columbia, Memphis, 111., was Captain skipper thankful Stein ofi of that the derrick captained by R. J. Thoman happened to be close by when the accident occurred. The Memphis, then captained by George Karnath of Fountain City, President Endorses French-German Pla n Army, Navy and Air Forces have .6 .4 ance of Armed Forces day will be the news in'early April when Heretofore bucked the river ice through Lake 'Pepin, becoming the first boat to reach St. Paul for the 1950 naviga- tion season. The Memphis and its barges clear- ed Winona dam, bound downriver Chr. _ separate "days" of their _ '5 own. The change reflects unification _ Jof the three services under the De- fense department. Crack units of all the armed p. m. Thursday. Wraona i Dam 6, Pool 11.7 11.1 10.7 11.3 This Is The Tarzon, a pound guided bomb which the -Bell Aircraft Corporation dis-- closed has been in production "at its plant near Niagara Falls for three years. It is released from heavy aircraft like an or- dinary bomb, but can be guid- ed to its target by radio. Stand- ing beside io is Master Sergeant Robert C. Craig of St. Louis, Mo., an instructor assigned to the Niagara Falls Air National Guard base. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Dam .6, T.W. I Dakota Dam 7, Pool [Dam 7, T.W....... 10.7 La Crosse 12 11.9 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand. 5.4 Zumbro at Theilman 2.0 Buffalo above Alma 1.6 .1 Trempealeau at Dodge .5 Black at Nefflsville..'. 3.8 .2 Black at Galesvffle... 3.9 .1 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.6 Root at Houston..... 63 .1 Root at Hokah ......40.1 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Gnttenberg) The Mississippi will fall with average daily rates of .3 to .4 of a foot in the upper sector and .2 of a foot daily in the lower section below La Crosse. It is now crest- ing at Dam No, 10. Tributaries will change very little unless effective rains occur tonight. Addition! weather on page 15. _ '5'forces will pass in review before the _ '5 President, Johnson and other na- _ '5jtional leaders in a mammoth mili- _ ".jjtary parade in the capital tomor- _ morning. _ Eight big B-36 intercontinental bombers from Fort Worth, Texas _ '31 will mark the day by taking differ- lent routes across the country, one __ 2 i Passing over each of the 48 state and more than 250 cities and military installations. The Navy will display ships of many types in the principal ports along the coasts and the Great Lakes. These ships, like shore in- stallations of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force and the "Marine Corps, will observe "open house" for the public. The military departments also iwill co-operate with civilian obser- vances in many communities by sending troops, bands, ships and planes to take part. Following the parade in Washing- ton tomorrow morning, Johnson will leave for New York to address a banquet at the Waldorf-Astoria tomorrow night, Nagging Wife Blamed Boston Thirty years with a nagging wife may five you ulcers, a Boston psychia- trist believes. That's the opinion of Dr. Stanley Cobb, Bollard professor of neuropathology at Harvard medical school. By John M. Hjghtower Truman's enthusiastic endorsement gave powerful new _emphasis today to a French proposal for pooling French and German steel and coal production. The President welcomed the plan In a news conference statement yesterday, calling it the beginning of "a new outlook for Europe." Diplomatic officials said the proj- ect is in line with American policies for encouraging the closest possible ties between Germany and France and for increasing the total produc- tion of Western Europe. They see this specific proposal as contributing eventually to both the economic strength and military security of the'Western world. The President said "there will be many difficult problems to solve in developing this far reach- ing plan" but he was certain "that the kind of imaginative thinking that went into the proposal can IMPROVED DELIVERY Effective Monday, The Republican-Herald carrier delivery sys- tem in Winona. is undergoing an extensive modernization, aimed at assuring all city readers their newspaper before 5 p. m. daily. The number of carriers has been increased. Eight have been set up from which carriers will get their papers 00 Re- publican-Herald trucks. A boy from each neighborhood will deliver in his neighborhood. Errors are bound to occur the first few days. So any city sub- scriber who does not receive his Republican-Herald by p. m. Monday is requested to call The Republican-Herald, 3321. work out the details." Until Mr. Truman spoke the of- ficial American attitude was sym- pathetic but otherwise publicly un- declared. The plan was put for- ward by French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman ten days ago. It evidently took American, offlclals largely by surprise and they want- ed to give it careful consideration before committing themselves. The American attitude Is of great importance because of this govern- ment's power over German actions It Is one of the nations, along with Britain and France, In occupation of western Germany. proposition calls for pooling French and German coal and steel Industries under a joint international authority, for having that authority modernize and. in- crease production and for making the benefits .of these steps avail- able to other co-operating nations., The official' French statement of i the plan as it came out last week declared that production under the International authority would be of- fered to the entire world. Howev- Admiral Sees War Indianapolis Admiral Jonas H. Ingram (USN-retlred) declared last night that war li Inevitable within two and one- half years "the way we're coinf now.5 The Indiana bora former commander of the V. 8. At- lantic fleet issued the warninf at an Armed day dinner here. Admiral Incratn the na- tion needs "a bipartisan State department with the hot fel- lows In It poMlble and a for- tlgn policy the whole world and Stalin wonld recpeei." ness planners that mobffibationTror lie next war will be more rigid than ever'la tne past. Even "dir- ected work" government con- ;rol of labor may be- necessary, e said. .But there is no TIUOCI why country should not survive controls without permanent damage to lib- erties, the former secretary of Air Force said. Symington riotified CUD that intends to call on his "friends in private business" for as much help as possible in planning In- dustrial mobilization. "We need It he said, because the so- called "cold gteadlly grows hotter.- "Already we are being warred against, not only with the new weapons of propaganda, espionage, subversion and sabotage, but also with shooting when the latter is considered necessary. "Accordingly, I would be hesi- tant about measuring the tempera- ture of this struggle. If ten brava Navy'fliers were alive today, there would be nothing 'cold' to them about what Is going He was referring to the ten Navy fliers whose plane, the United States charges, was shot down by Soviet fighters over the Baltic last month. The CED planned to dose today its semiannual board meeting, at which, Marlon B. Folsom was elect- ed its president for the next two Detroit General Hoyt S. Vandenberg said today the present Air Force is too weak to continue an all-out air war more than a few months. The Air Force chief of staff de- clared that even with' the lowest "oss rates that can be predicted 'irst-line U. S. combat planes would be used in a short period of heavy operations. He added that the aircraft In- dustry is In no position at present to replace heavy combat losses. In a speech prepared for a lunch- eon observing Armed Forces day, which the whole country celebrates tomorrow, Vandenberg added: "It Is a matter of simple arith- metic that at least two years Would be required for our present aircraft ndustry to rebuild our present air dree and to enable it to continue ombat action." Jradley Warns J. S. Must Prepare San Francisco General Omar Bradley said today the United States must shore up Its to meet the threat of a possible Rus- ian atomic attack "in a few years." The chairman of the joint chiefs f staff called for "mobilization ilans -which can be put into effect it the first warning signal of emer- ency" including standby war emergency for the President. While the Russians may not bo ible to catch up Immediately with hig country's stockpile of A-bombs, Jradley said, in a relatively short ime "they will probably have enough to deliver a devastating blow t any area they propose-to strike." When that time comes, he added, he United States and its allies will ace a difficult choice. Ruling out the possibility that this country might choose appeasement, isolation er, there is no precedent in recent r preventive war, Bradley said: European history for thinking the "What then is our choice? It is Russians would co-operate. clear but not simple.
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