Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Thursday; Warmer Read 'Men Around Truman' on Page 4 Today VOLUME 50, NO. 77 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES 1937 HIGHWAY PAYROLL FRAUD ADMITTED TODAY- Taft Quick To Grasp Big Issues By Stewart Alsop Washington It is a remark- able experience these days to Senator Robert Alphonso Taft. Forj one thing, the experience is re-i markable because Taft is a re- markable man. He is, for instance, a most unsenatorial senator. He does not favor visitors with gassy repetitions of recent speeches, complete with appropriate ges- tures. He does not wrap himself in'the American flag. He does not Indulge in fake cameraderie. In stead, he talks simply and candid- ly about the Issues as he see: them. But the experience is also re- markable for another reason. For it quite often seems to the visitor that there are two Tafts talking. One is the Taft with a striking Intelligence and a deep respect for the facts. The other is the favorite Presidential candidate of the iso- lationist right wing of the Repub- lican party. Call the two Tafts, for convenience, Robert and Alph- onso. BOTH TAFTS have the same whispy pate, the same long, Amer- ican-Gothic face, the same flat, downright voice. In the area of domestic policy, Robert and Al phonso are as one, in spirit as well as in the flesh. Taft is a con- servative, and he makes no bones about it. But his conservatism is not the pig-headed, fawning reac- tion of many of those with whom Tan Is often unjustly identified. It Is a reasoned position, evolved aft- er a close study of the facts. In this area, Robert and Alphonso apeak with one voice, and it is a voice which commands respect, however much one may disagree with It. Yet in other areas, the voices of Robert and Alphonso sometimes seem to be arguing rather was- plshly with each other. What fol-; lows Is not an attempt to quote Senator Taft directly. It is rather the impression of the running ar- gument between the two Tafts which one visitor at least has car- ried away with him. The senator is asked what he thinks Senator McCarthy has ac compllshed. ROBERT (very flatly and ob- viously Zero. ALPHONSO (hurriedly taking It is the Tydings subcom- mittee's fault that all those names j were made public. Moreover, the Taft Promises to Eliminate Communism in U. S. Agencies Legion Chief Assails State Dept. Snake Pit Chicago George N. Craig, national commander of the American Legion, last night termed the State depart-' ment "a veritable snake pit" In a talk to the Chicago Ac- cident and Health association, he criticized Secretary of State Acheson for not demanding an Immediate investigation of charges by Senator McCarthy (R.-Wis.) "that_ there were Cummunlsts 1ft the depart- ment. "It is the honest opinion 'of miny Americans that our De- partment of State fairly reeks with deceit, depravity and double Craig- said. "That it is a veritable snake piii in which powder puff dip- lomats are playing at a same of demi monde diplomacy. "It's a new national time: Hide and seek hide the facts, then seek confi- dence." The Legion commander said that "When charges were first made of Communism In our Department of State, Secre- tary of State Acheson, him- self, should have demanded Immediate Investigation. "If there is Communism in the State department, the pub- lic is entitled to know It. H there is not Communism In the department, the public should know that." He declared the public wants "The unvarnished facts and they are entitled to Ruhr Coal, Steel Controls Relaxed Bonn, Germany-m-The Western Allies announced today they have decided to give the west German government at some future date power to fix the form of ownership of the Ruhr steel and coal Industries. This decision' is contained in the preamble to a new Allied law published today, on reorganization of the German coal, iron and steel puoi u -industries. It means the govern- ment at Bonn will decide in the future whether the Ruhr industries will be privately owned or run by the government. After weeks of rect reference to that. discussion, the Instead Truman's he recalled 'shouts of President 'red her- British and American commission- ers voted for the law a month ago The French commission- er protested the inclusion of the ownership clause. Hus.. automatic- ally referred the Issue ba'cTtto the allied governments. It was discuss- ed In London by the three foreign and added: "Every file and every fact which reflects on.the past policy of the administration is ruthlessly suppressed and. refused to Con- gress Taft noted that on his districts, gave: Modernized Allied Army Recommended B; Glenn Williams United States is pressing its 11 North Atlantic allies to rush formation of an in- ternational army against the threat of Russian aggression. The decision whether to do so probably will be made today by the ________ ____ foreign ministers of the yesterday with having once made a Sen- French Premier Paul Reynaud, t h j behalf of late ,__ ____ TJTll. _ __ _ __ ministers. Meanwhile France proposed a pooling of German coal and Btee resources in a plan open to al European nations. Last night the Bonn chancellor, Konrad Adenau er, announced "full determination' to help bring the French plan to realization. Adenauer, who -discussed the Jim Duff Gains New Power in Pennsylvania Ticket Overpowers Slate Sponsored By Joe Grundy Senator's Speech Reply to Truman Cross-Country Tour By Edwin B. Haaklnson Washington A pledge to oppose Communism abroad and eliminate it from government agencies at home is the No. 1 promise in an official Republican )id for control of Congress. Senator Taft of Ohio made the G.O.P. promises last night over a nation-wide radio hookup. It was toe Republican reply to President Truman's cross-country speaking tour mary election in decades. Taking the offensive, Taft said I Duff nominated for the U. S. Democratic policies have by a nearly three-to-one the a third world warjmajorjty. He carried to victory his and at home have pointed the ticket for gov- By Charles Welsh Jim Duff, Pennsylvania's redhaired gover- nor, skyrocketed into a position of vital importance In national Re- publican affairs today as the win- ner in the state's most bitter pri- tion toward regimentation and So- cialism, leading to bankruptcy. He said: "The general program of the Truman crusade is clear. Prom- ise everyone everything, and hope to back it up with government money. Every American knows in his heart that'such a policy will wreck the United States and re- duce it to bankruptcy. It will bring, first inflation, and then depres- sion." Confidence Shaken Taft said midway in his speech that "the political morality of the Truman administration has shaken the confidence of the people in their government." Then he referred to the Alger Hiss and other cases Involving the State department, given at- tention by the investigation of charges of Communism hurled by Senator McCarthy They are being probed by a Senate sub- committee but Taft made no di- ernor and four state-wide offices. In appraising the result, Duff said: "The Republican electorate has indicated definitely that the policy of the party should be ag- gressive and progressive and not ultra-conservative. "We can guarantee a Republican President in 1952 if the policy now adopted in Pennsylvania is carried out nation-wide." Beats Grundy Slate Duff defeated the state-wide po litical organization headed by for mer U. S. Senator Joseph R. Grun dy. For 30 years, Grundy, 87, had been the spokesman and top strat egist of the G.O.P. in Pennsylva lia. The total vote appeared to be of record proportions for a pri- that i 50 pe: Indications were would be approximately mary. Former U. S. Senator Joseph R. Grundy, whose Pennsylvania Republican faction lost in the bitter primary election in the state on the basis of unofficial returns this morning, tabulates the vote in a newspaper office at Bristol, Pa. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) cent of the Republicans registered. The Democrats, with out a major contest, counted a smaller percentage of the eligibles. Allied with the veteran leader were U. 8. Senator Edward Mar- tin, a former governor; Ex-Gov- ernor Arthur H. James, and G.O.P. National Committeeman G. Mason Owlett. For the two major offices, re- turns from of the state's trip President Truman "accused opponents indiscriminately of greed and privilege." But Taft said Mr. Truman "said not a word about greed and privi- lege and crime in his home bailiwick of Kansas City or in the White House itself." Cites Vote Fraud To support this fact he quoted a recent Senate speech by Senator about Mr. Investigation one-sided. has been entirely deliberations here for the third and AND SO ON. Yet the visitor is left with the impression that a part of Senator Taft, at least, Is troubled by the -Identification of McCarthyism with himself and his party. The unpleasant subject is dropped, and the senator is asked about his views on foreign aid. ROBERT (again very Can't just stop foreign spending abruptly when E.C.A, ends. Look at Italy. The government couldn't feed the people. Or look at Ger- many and Japan. May have to perhaps final day. Diplomatic informants empha- sized, however, that military might Is not the only aspect of the fense question. Bigger and more efficient indus- trial production particularly is needed to underpin the costly de- fense effort, in the view of Ameri- can diplomats. The United States is reported to be urging Europe to show more speed, determination and confidence to its economic ef- forts. Need for Change The international army idea has! said he was convinced other Eu- ropean nations, includirig Brl- Tom Pendergast, Kansas City po- litical leader, the presidential par- r ii__ IUjlUUi lettuce, tain, would eventually enter the for Mayor curley of Boston pool. --Ji The new law follows main provi- sions of previous Anglo-American legislation that began the process of breaking up the huge Ruhr in- dustrial empires like Krupp. The inclusion of the French In spend as much as ajdevelopetj from a view, held on an year abroad after E.C.A. j increasingly wide scale, that a group (This is an intelligent, educated) f nationa] armles to each guess at post-E.C.A. requirements. OI- Than Alphonso ALPHONSO (obviously horrified other do not make a unified efficient defense force. When a comparatively weak na-l by what Robert has I'm tion to provide itself with! against all this charity abroad.) u Qle components of modern war Can't go on handing out billions to foreign governments. Let pri- vate enterprise do the job. The senator is asked about the Atlantic pact and European re- right _......._._. pact meant. It had no meaning at all without an American commitment to help rearm Western Europe, on a much bigger scale than anyone was willing to admit. (This again, is entirely accurate. Taft did immediately grasp the real meaning of the Atlantic pact. armament. ROBERT: Saw away what the Atlantic bombers, armor, infan1 try and sea defenses are spread so thin that no branch is effective. By contrast the American idea is to set up a super-command under the Atlantic pact to weld together the armed forces of the 12 mem- bers while at the same time look- ing out for their economic strength and possibly for closer political ties. Job for Each The continental countries, for in- stance, would be expected to go in the joint control of West Germany made a new law necessary. The law's objects, already par- tially carried out, are: (1) To eliminate excessive concentration of e c o no m i c power and .prevent. the devel- opment of war potential. (2) To prevent restoration of to ownership of the in- dustries they used to aid Hit- ler's aggression. (3) To reorganize in a way that will promote German in- dustrial recovery, iUA W- otters convicted of crime, of Maragor.the For senator: Duff, Representative John C. Kun- kel, the Grundy candidate, For governor: John S. Fine, backed by Duff, Jay Cooke, endorsed by Grundy, Democrats also held a primary, but by contrast with, the G.O.P. big top it was strictly a grade B show. U. S. Senator Francis My- ers was renominated without op- position. His organization-slated running mate, Richardson Dil- worth, Philadelphia city treasur- er, won easily over independent friend of General Vaughan." Maragon, one-time holder of a White House pass, recently was convicted of perjury. He is a for- mer friend of General Vaughan, showdown comes Dilworth said t G.O.P. nominees will be "the soft- est touch there, ever was." Repub- lican Grundy predicted during the campaign that if Duff and Fine were nominated the Democrats "will eat the President's military aide. "What about the vote frauds and ballot-stealing cases in Kansas Ci- ty quietly passed over by the De- partment of Taft then asked. President Truman had returned Ihere a few hours earlier aboard the special train that carried him to the Far West and back on what he called a "nonpolitical trip" for most of the way. Taft said Mr. Truman was out politicking for the .election this fall of more Demo- crats who think his way. 1 them alive" in the fall. Flee Bagdad Flood Bagdad, Iraq The turbu- lent Tigris river flooded suburban New Break in Dikes Feared at Winnipeg Winnipeg, Light rains over the flood-soggy Winnipeg a today increased fears that weakening dikes might let the surging this morning at 30.2 cades, causing them to slip and slide. The river also was eating at levee foundations, which threat- ened to give way at any time to flood additional sections of the 80- mile-square greater Winnipeg area. Already six square miles of busi- ness and residential territory have gone under water since the rivers passed the 18-foot flood stage 27 days ago, on April 20. Officials called for intensified patrol work along the dikes. They renewed their appeals for addition- al voluntary departures of women and children to ease the.load on the city's public utilities. An estimated to per- sons already have fled to other areas, but the voluntary exodus slowed considerably yesterday. There was no change overnight in the extent of the flooded areas. All of suburban St. Vital, south of Winnipeg's east bank twin city of St. Boniface, is under water with Lu cnnn Much of Ft. Oarry, souin ci said houses were submerged and hundreds of mud-constructed buildings .collapsed. No loss of life was reported. ___ more heavily for ground forces. and what it to do theiDefense experts are reported to job, while many others were too have recommended a minimum of stupid, too timid, or too disingenu- 30 merfc-as ous to face the a standing force pegged strongly ALSPHONSO: That was why I On France's troops, voted against the pact. Cost tool The total, however, probably! much. Bad investment. Frenchjwould include British and American and Italians would not fight initroops, stationed in Germany. case of war. British wouldn't eith-l Britain, some informants say.i- er might be asked to concentrate, on I BUT THIS MEANS that the jet fighter forces and a strong anti- United States without Allies. must stand alone, submarine naval force for two rea- In this case, must sons: To give quick air support not the United States be very strong indeed? ROBERT (without Of course. I've been deeply dis- turbed by all these defense cut- backs. ALPHONSO But I'm for economy in the armed serv- ices. Anyway, that's something for the experts. Can't be an expert on everything. This duet does not pretend to be an accurate or complete rec- ord of Taft's current views. It is meant rather to record an impres- sion. This is that Taft's extraor- dinary intelligence is constantly leading him to rational conclu- sions squarely baseoX on known facts. Then Taft's deeply ingrained political instincts and prejudices take over, and make mince-meat of these conclusions. Thus Alphon- so is always winning the running argument with Robert'. to continental troops in case of at- tack and to combat the strong Rus- sian submarine fleet. That would leave costly heavy naval vessels and big, high-speed bombers to be provided by the United States. Truck Runs Wild Down Mountain Williamson, W. Va. heavily loaded .truck A .ran wild down Pigeon Creek mountain yes- terday when its .brakes It couldn't-make a curve, and turned over on .top of a car. Three persons in the car and three on tbe truck escaped with no more than minor hurts. The truck was carrying a loac of stone crosses is soon coming." Win- nipegTand adjacent'Hiverview al- so are flooded. So are numerous other parts of St. Boniface and Winnipeg, for blocks back from the river fronts. On its sweep north to ice-choked Lake Winnipeg, the turbulent Red river in the last month has flooded out all but one town between this city and the U. S. border. At least 540 square miles of rich farmland are under water, Four-Tear-Old Joan sits beside her mother, Mrs. Margaret Hildebrand, who cradles 14-month-old Gladys in her arms at Morris, Minn. They have been rescued this morning by the man in the back- ground. Mrs. Hildebrand looks back with despair as they go across the flood waters from her. home. The family has lost all its possessions in the flood. (AF. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) feet after rising one-tenth of a foot early last _.._ But after feveral Hours of showers last night, Deputy Flood Con troller O. M. M. Kay termed weather conditions "definitely harmful." The drizzles, he said, "will keep the dikes in a soggy condition which weakens the entire structure." More rain was forecast today. Mud carried by, the turbulent river pounded at sandbag barri- with estimates of crop damage running to St. Paul Woman Kills Denver Man Peter Burgard, 54, was shot to death, police reported, by his divorced wife who lay in wait for him until he reported for work this morning. Detective Captain Charles Bums identified the woman as Anna Bur- gard, 51, of St. Paul, Minn. Burns said she walked across the street to a fire station after the shooting and told firemen she had just shot her former husband. Police patched together this story: Mrs. Burgard came to Denver from St. Paul a month ago to at- tempt a reconciliation. She learned her husband had remarried. She returned to St. Paul where their son attends a military academy. Yesterday, she flew to Denver again. Early today she waited in the rear of the Crystal Laundry where Burgard worked as a station- ary engineer. She met him when he arrived for work, talked to him a moment, then pulled a gun from her purse and began shooting. Burgard was shot through the eye and chest. Five empty cartridges were found in the gun which she handed to the fire- Census Offer Open Another Day Enough names have now been reported to the Association of Commerce office to put Wi- nonst over but some- and possibly many will not count because they're duplica- tions. So more uncounted are needed, and the associa- tion will for each name that actually hasn't been counted In the census yet. At 11 a.m. today 126 names had been reported to the as- sociation. H all could be count- ed, the new Winona population would be but It's a cer- tainty that there are some duplications. So If you haven't been count- ed, or if you know of someone In the city of Winona who hasn't, call the association telephone 2326 Immedi- ately. Or write. The address Is 117 Center street. But it must be done immedi- ately. The reported names will he taken to the district census Friday for checking against the names previously reported. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Clearin this afternoon and generally fa tonight and Thursday. Risln temperature. Low tonight 50; nig Thursday 70. ___ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 2 hours ending at 12 m. today: Mai imum, 63; minimum, 47; noon, 6; precipitation, .08; sun sets tonig] at sun rises tomorrow at DAILY BIVEB BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr Stage Today Chn Lake City 15.4 Reads 12 11.2 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 Dam 4, T.W....... 12.3 Dam 5, T.W....... 10.5 Dam 5A, T.W. 12.7 Winona .........13 13.5 Dam 6, T.W....... 115 Dakota 11-3 Dam 7, T.W....... 11.3 La Crosse 12 12.4 Tributary Streams Cnippewa at Durand Buffalo above Alma 1.8 0 Trempealean at Dodge 0.6 Black at Galesville----4.2 0 Root at Houston -----6 S Root at Hokah ......40.1 0 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttenberg) The Mississippi will continue fall- ing from St. Paul to below Genoa, cresting at Lansing this afternoon at 13.5. The rise will.continue the next 48 hours from Dam No. 9 through 10, cresting at Prairie du Chien Thursday afternoon or eve- ning at 15.4. Average daily fall will be 03 foot from- St. Paul to La Crosse the remainder of the week. All tributaries will fall slowly. Additional weather on page 17. J. H. Bennetts Pays Back Taken in State Fuil Restitution Announced After Golling Investigation By Jack Mackay St. Paul A central figure the highly publicized trial a de- ade ago of former Highway Com- missioner Nels W. Elsberg has re- ently admitted misappropriating ghway funds in 1937 and has iade full restitution, Richard A. oiling, state public examiner, re- ealed today. He Is James H. Bennetts, assist- nt chief accountant in the state ghway department until the me of the Elsberg trial in 1939. ennetts, who was in charge of reparing payrolls for tbe high- ay department, now lives in Mon- ana. Golling today mailed M. J. Hoff- mann, state highway commission- r. three cashier's checks totaling 683.91, paid back to the state by ennetts, for credit to the trunk dghway fund. The last check, for 166.31 was dated April 26, 1950. Elsberg and several others were onvlcted and sentenced for false ayments of highway funds. Els- erg appealed the case, however, nd the Minnesota supreme court irew out the conviction, chiefly n grounds that the trial court should have charged tbe jury that ennetts was an accomplice of Elsberg. Carried to Supreme Court In Its unanimous decision on anuary 1941, the supreme ourt said in the Elsberg case: :The record before us shows onclusively that a crime was ommitted. The only direct evi- ence assuming to connect defend- ant (Elsberg) wltto the crime com- mitted was that of the witness Bennetts. "The record Is conclusive that 19 (Bennetts) knowingly partici- pated in the furtherance of the crime with 'which 'defendant was charged. It was error to submit ;o the Jury the question whether __was an accomplice. The trial court should have charged the jury that he was an accomplice." Elsberg was commissioner dur- ng the Farmer-Labor state admin- istration. Indictments against him and others were returned during he first year of the administration 3f Governor Harold" E. Stassen and ither Republican constitutional of- Icers. Never Retried Sentenced with Elsberg, before his conviction was reversed, wers Samuel J, Reader, head of a St. 'aul contracting company, and L. L.- Allen, former assistant ad- ministrative engineer for the high- way department. All received two- o-five-year sentences, but Allen was killed -while his case was be- ng appealed. Reader since has died. Elsberg never was retried and served no time. Golling, In a seven-page letter to Commissioner Hoffmann, Bald bis examiners were about to con- clude an audit of the highway de- partment last October W h e n an 'incongruity" was discovered in connection, with certain pay- checks. The checks were Issued.in 1937 in favor' of Milton Escher and George Willman. still em- ployes of the highway department. Golling emphasized that Escher and Willman are not involved in any way in misuse of funds. Golling's letter said that ten ex- cessive paychecks were issued to Escher and Willman by mainten- ance district No. 9 at Hopkins and maintenance district No. 1 at Vir- ginia for the same payroll periods. All the checks were Issued during September and October 1937. were endorsed, placed in negotiations and finally paid by the state. Golling's letter explains that when the first overpayment was made, Escher returned his check. Willman, who also received an overpayment, cashed the first check but returned' his overpay- ment in cash. During a recent visit by Bennetts to Minnesota, Golling questioned him about the checks retained by him. 'Bennetts confessed; that about March 15, Golling 'said, "that he turned over to H, I. Tibbetts (his brother-in-law) all of the pay- checks totaling Admits Fraud said he knew that he had no right to do this and that the money belonged to the state of Minnesota but at the moment he was hard pressed and wanted to help out his brother-in-law who, he claimed was also In dire fi- nancial straits. "Both Escher and Willman stat- ed that wherever their names ap- peared on the paychecks as en- dorsees the same were placed thereon without authority and were forged." The restitution included interest Of Golling did not mention in his letter to Hoffmann any connection of Bennetts with the Elsberg or other false claims trials. The sta- tute of limitations outlaws any ci- vil or criminal action against Ben- netts. In criminal cases an offense is outlawed after three years' and in civil cases after six years.