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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Showers, Warmer Tonight; Cooler Tuesday Read 'Men Around Truman' on Page 4 Today VOLUME 50, NO. 69 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Homeless in Winnipeg Truman Raps Western Cold Front In Danger By Joseph Alsop occasionally, theri comes a moment in history whei nations must either decisively meet, or finally fail to meet, the great challenges confronting them. Such a moment has now come for the United States, with the open- Ing of the conferences of foreign ministers In London. This moment has come because the cohesiveness and strength of the Western partnership against Soviet aggression have been, on balance, deteriorating for many months. So far, the danger Is only understood by a small circle of governmental Insiders. But this will soon cease to be the case if the conferences here are not success- ful. For quite obvious personal and political reasons, the French and other European leaders will begin to warn their peoples of the dan- ger that now exists, inevitably, if unjustly casting much of the blame on the United States. The Western Lie Presses Efforts to End Cold War Geneva, Nations 'Secretary-General Trygve to for all believers In peace jjoin in new efforts to bring the jcold war to an end." In an address marking the open- ing of the third World Health Or- The Center Of The Town of Rimouski, Quebec, above, is nothing but ruins after being gutted by a flre. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Million Canadian Fire Under Control Rimouski, and weary residents of Rimouski poked through blackened ruins today and gloomily predicted it would take 25 years to recover, from the economic blow of a 30-hour fire that Lie declared today the time damage and left persons homeless. ganization assembly here Lie de- homes and more than a score of clared: .........j buildings and stores, large and "It must be admitted that im-ismall. These included the four- mediate prospects (for ending thejstory St. Joseph hospital, the Sis- cold war) do not seem of Charity orphanage, the Ri- ing. Nevertheless, we should seminary, the technical delay the search for a way out of I school, Rimouski hospital, two ho- the present impasse." jtels and a motion picture theater Lie who leaves for Moscow onj It added up to one of the most Wednesday on '.'save-the-U. N." j disastrous fires in Canadian his- mission, declared the United Na-jtory. The western section of the By some miracle there were no deaths from the 'weekend fire in this industrial city of on the south shore of the St. Lawrence 180 miles northeast of Quebec. But the flames swept through 312 was virtually wiped out. that! The flre started Saturday night, on me umiea ouues. partnership will thus begin to dls- tions and its special agencies founded upon the principle lasting world peace can only when a power line snap- achieved and maintained by world iped in anil setjlre organization." he said, lieve that it is' essential to the j and spread with almost unbeliev- future of both the United Nations i able speed, whipped by winds that and the specialized agencies thatjreached 80 miles an hour, the present political deadlock inj It was not until 20 minutes past the United Nations be resolved at j Sunday midnight that Major Gen- I to two Price Brothers big lumber "we be- mills. It raced through the mills moment." solve In a general game of "save yourself and the devil take the hindmost." TO AVERT THIS, solid Dr. Brock Chisholm of Canada, director general of the World Health Organization, called on the of the world to spend less defense of the West In the face of active Soviet war preparation; sec- ond, the preparation of a suitable place for Germany in the West- ern partnership; and third, the best way to halt the Soviet offensive in Asia. As It happens, the best way to grasp the urgency of the situation is to examine the problem that in southerly winds. Lowest fact- has only third priority at 48, highest Tuesday 64. London. To put it crudely, the' French are now taking almost the WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS eral R. O. G. Morton, officer com- manding the Quebec command, could announce the fire was under control. A thin blanket of snow fell on the still smoking ruins this morn- ing. Red Cross emergency headquar- ters treated many persons for wounds and minor injuries. During the height of the fire Mrs.'Edouard Fortugals gave birth to a child. She had to be moved three times For Winona and vicinity: the flames spread mto buildings showers or thunderstorms tonight jwnere she was lodged. and Tuesday; warmer tonight, be- coming cooler late Tuesday. Strong tonight Early unofficial reports were that ten persons had perished in the flames, but army and Red .Cross authorities said a checkup LOCAL WEATHER !disciosed no deaths. Official observations for the -24 j Towafolk told a nignt of ter. ror when the blaze burst out of the hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: same line about their Indo-China that the British took about Greece minimum, so; and enveloped the in 1947. Either the French must 61: precipitation, trace. community be helped in some effective way, I Official observations for'the 24 "The whole town was red said or, before very long, they are like-jhours ending at 12 m. today: witness ..There was a low ly to abandon Indo-China to its Maximum, 63; minimum, 41; Cau6ed' by the flames quite 53: precipitation, trace: sun sets to- t f th wind itself- We night at sun rises tomorrow at y fate. Ever since the end of the war. the French in Indo-China have been fighting the powerful guerrilla movement of the old Asiatic Comin- tern agent. Ho Chi Minn. At pre- sent the Indo-Chinese operations are consuming half of the annual j French military budget of approxi- mately Moreover, all the professional army of France, and particularly all the qualified officers and noncommissioned of- ficers, are now busy fighting Ho Chi Minn. THE NEED TO ORGANIZE a defense of the West is what has abruptly conferred critical Import- ance on this long existing situation. The French military budget can- not be greatly Increased without imperilling the remarkable French recovery made possible by the' (Continued on Page 2, Column, 2) ALSOP Beloit Man Heads Wisconsin Additional weather on Page 11. (Continued on Page 13, Column 3) FIRE In Illinois Talk Major Farm Talk At Nebraska City This Afternoon By Ernest B. Vaccaro Aboard Truman ident Truman, making the first talk of his Midwestern tour today in heavily Republican Galesburg, HI., rapped "isolationists" and said "international co-operation is the key to world peace." A crowd estimated at per- sons by State Police Lieutenant J. L. Murphy sang "Happy Birthday" as the President appeared on the rear platform of his 13-car special train. Schools and business houses were closed for the visit, which lasted about 20 minutes. Galesburg is in west central Uli- inois, 162 miles from Chicago. In his platform talk, the Presi- dent urged support of other Demo- cratic nations of the world against Communism, and urged support of the United Nations. "The next war, I don't have to tell you, would not be entirely on foreign he said. "Some of our cities would be attacked and damaged. Key to World Peace "International co-operation is the key to world peace, and if I can obtain the backing of the people I'm not afraid of losing the he added. The course of free nations, the President asserted, "is threaten- ed all over the world" by "totali- tarianism." He said he is trying to "work out" with other free nations, a President Truman receives a birthday cake at Galesburg, m., this morning at the first major stop on his train tour. Making the presentation for the Bakers' union is Robert Howe, right. (A.P. to The Republican-Herald.) French To Get U. S. Aid S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson said tonight American economic and military help will be sent immediately to G.O.P Listens In Symbol Locates Canadian in- dustrial city of Rimouski where a raging fire Saturday night made many homeless, causing damage estimated to run as high as The blaze started in a lumber yard' and jumped across the Rimouski river to de- troy two hotels and other struc- tures before sweeping, into the residential district. (A.P. Wire- photo Map.) Minneapolis Man Heads Scientists Rochester, Min- nesota Academy of Science has named Dr. A. N. Wilcox, Minnea- polis, as president. Others elected iaturday include Dr. W. C. Croxton, it. Cloud, vice-president, and Dr. Shirley P. Miller, Minneapolis, sec- retary-treasurer. Eau Claire, Wis. Tom Chekouras of Belolt is the new president of the state Junior Cham- ber of Commerce. Others elected at the closing ses- sion of the chamber's annual meeting Saturday night were P. P. Paurack of Beloit, treasurer, and Byron Crosse of Milwaukee, secre- tary. John von Gunechten of Wau- sau, and Vincent Mikelones of Mil- waukee, were elected national di- rectors. District vice-presidents elected included Robert Deal, La Crosse. Aboard Truman Train Republicans began shadowing President Truman today on his western tour. Victor A. Johnston, staff di- rector for the Republican senatorial campaign committee, turned up at Galesburg, 111, when the presidential train made its first stop for a plat- form appearance. Johnston told reporters that he is flying in a chartered plane to check up on the Presi- dent and to issue statements by prominent Republicans in ans- wer to the President, course that will preserve their "democracy and freedom." "The decisions we make in the next few months will determine Court Upholds Non-Communist Oath Legality Washington The Supreme court today upheld legality of the non-Communist oath provision of the Taft-Hartley labor law. The provision requires that union officials must file affidavits saying French Indo-China. Acheson flew into Paris yester- day for Western diplomatic confer- ences which will shift Thursday to London. The meetings will deal with ways to contain Communist expansion all over the world. But Acheson's meeting with French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman today was reported to deal primarily with Indo-China. The French have been fighting a stalemated jungle war there since 1946 against tho guerrilla forces of Moscow-trained Ho Chi Mini.. The U. S. secretary of state met Schuman armed with the appar- ently firm U. S. government con- viction that Bao Dai, the French- sponsored ruler of the Indo-Chi- nese state of Vietnam, must-be'they are not Communists, ll they made a more valid symbol of use machinery of the Na< position to Communism. New Assurances Asked Bao Dai's regime is opposed by Ho's jungle government, which is recognized by Moscow, Communist China and most of the Soviet satel- lite nations. Many nationalistic In- do-Chinese have been reluctant to throw in their lot with Bao- Dal be- cause the French so Jar have granted only limited autonomy to the French-backed regime. Diplomatic informants said Acheson will ask Schuman for as- surances that steps toward inde- pendence will be taken as fast as the guerril'a war allows. Americans have stated repeat- edly that United States policy con- tains not the slightest suggestion of opposition to the French union which links metropolitan France with her overseas territories. whether there will be world he added. The Galesburg Bakers and Con- All inow, Acheson informed wants to know sources said, is tnlrti whether Indo-China will get true independence, with the French un- fectioners union gave him a-huge, links like some diplomatic tional Labor board. Chief Justice Vinson delivered the opinion for the majority. Justice Jackson wrote an opinion which concurred in part and dissented in part. Justice Black wrote a dis- senting opinion. Justice Frank- further wrote an opinion concurring in part with the majority. Justices Douglas, Clark and Minton took no part in the cases. Justices Reed and Burton com- pleted the majority. Jamaica Bay Bridge Burns, the British drove a New York A spring gale Dikes Guarding Areas in City Weakening Red Cross, Army Aiding Refugees; Red River Rising Winnipeg, Manitoba Hun- dreds of blocks of this great prai- rie city lay beneath a sea of mud- dy water today as troops and ci- vilian volunteers worked wearily to bolster sagging levees against a new flood threat from North Da- kota and Minnesota. Silt-laden water swirled through many Winnipeg streets, paralyzing communications and transport on the outskirts, and authorities warn- ed that the worst is yet .to come. The city may face two flood crests as spring torrents pour down tfie Red river from the rain- soaked northern United States. The first crest is expected within the next few days. Meanwhile, the Canadian army warned some residents in low lying areas to flee at once because the dikes might break at any time. More than persons already have been evacuated from their homes, from hospitals and from the city jail. An estimated other persons have fled from a dozen small Ca- nadian towns engulfed by flood waters In the 60-mile stretch from the U. 3. border to Winnipeg. Homes Abandoned Brigadier R. E. A. Morton, Hood relief director, said water 23 feet deep might soon pour over dam- aged sections of the' dike protect- ing low-lying residential districts ot surburban Norwood and East E31- donan. "The danger Is he said. "Everything is continuing to be done to prevent a calamity." In a radio broadcast last night Morton told worried citizens: 'Don't panic. Obey all Instruc- tions. Work If requested. Be calm, and patient." More than Winnipeg homes already have been abandoned to the flood and damage estimates range Into millions of dollars. The river rose two inches yester- day to a level of 27.3 feet than nine feet above flood stage. Authorities said they expected the first crest might add four more feet. Relief supplies are being poured into Winnipeg a city of all over ,the domnlon. The Royal Canadian Air Force is fly- ing in bedding; and food for the ref- ugees, who are crowded Into rail- way cars, hotel dining rooms and private houses. Pumps Flown In Huge pumps have been flown in from Canadian naval Installations on the West Coast. Three officers of the American and Canadian Red Cross arrived by plane -yesterday to inspect the city's relief set-up. form as Mr. Truman received the cake. The crowd listened to the Presi- dent respectfully but had few op- portunities to cheer until he got a off at the close of This An That Remains of a building in downtown Rimouski, Quebec, after a holo- caust wiped one-third of this lumber town off the map. The flre raged through more than 350 homes. (AP. Wirephoto.) rousing send his remarks. He had nine speeches in writing and at least 50 others in mind as his 13-car special train rolled through Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa en route to Lincoln, Neb., for a major farm speech around 5 p.m. Presidential associates, pointing out that he is already committed to the "Brannan plan" embracing government payments for perish- able commodities to farmers off- set possible losses at the market, said he will push for its enact- ment before farm audiences there land elsewhere. i They said he will counter-attack furiously the Republicans who have sought to convince the coun- jtry that his administration, par- iticularly the State department, is filled with Communists and Com- munist sympathizers. The fifth anniversary of V.E.- day offered an opportunity for I rear platform talks to track- 'side audiences on his heavily pub- Ilicized efforts to revamp the bi- i partisan foreign policy. j And his 66th birthday offered an opportunity for townsfolk along his route to put birthday cakes aboard jthe bullet-proof private car in which he will stump for miles. His first talk for the trip was set for Galesburg, HI., at a. rm (C.S.T.) where Dr. John Con- ger, former president of Knox col- lege, planned to Introduce him and Robert Howe, Harold Jenningv Ralph Hawthorne and Burrell Bar- ash of the bakers union planned to give him a cake. This trip, tagged as "nonpoliti- cal" by the President although he smiles when he does off to a quiet start as benefits the he left Washington yesterday with Mrs. Truman "and his daughter, Margaret, by his ride. ing cake. As photographers snapped theiwealth or wnether America is be- President holding the cake he urg-1 ed them to "hurry up this Is heavy." Mrs. Truman the President's daughter, Margaret, dressed in a red dress, appeared on the plat- asked to foot the bill French colonial conquest. U. S. Aid Promised So far President Truman for has promised for Indo-China from a fund appropriat- ed by Congress to help stem Com- munism in the Far East. French statesmen complain bit- terly such aid is too little and too slow. They say failure to provide more aid, and promptly, may re- sult in a Communist victory in Indo-China opening the way for Red domination of Thailand, Bur- ma and the Malayan peninsula. Sources close to the conferences expresed doubt that any final de- cision will be reached on Acheson's visit here. Jamaica Bay's four-mile wooden rail trestle last night and early today and burned out a gap in the mid-section. The long, low span is the Long Island railroad's main link be- tween the New York city mainland in Queens and the Rockaway sec- tions along the Atlantic ocean. Fires have been frequent on the trestle for years, but old hands said this was the. worst one in its 50-year history. The blaze of undetermined origin, turned into a fireman's nightmare of both too much and too little water. The wide bay kept fire engines confined to each end of the span, while at the same time the water was too shallow to float the city's big fireboats. relief for the American Red Cross, came to see what contributions jnll be needed from tae U. S. City Engineer W. D. Hurst said the river would have to climb an- other ten feet before the whole flat prairie city would be under wa- ter. No one has predicted the riv- er would go thai; high. Second Flood Batters Crookston Crookston, crest of the riotous Red Lake river push- ed downstream toward Grand Forks, N. D. today after batter- ing this northwestern Minnesota ci- (Contlnued on Page 11, Column 7) FLOODS Flames Enjnlf The Floodbotmd home of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Arsneau after an explosion shattered the house and Hlled the couple Sunday at Crookston, Minn. (AJP. Photo.)
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