Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1950, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, COLD TONIGHT, SATURDAY VOLUME 50, NO.'7 KWNO-FM Basketball Tonight WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY- Kennan's Swansong Important By Stewart Alaop The article called "Is War With Russia In the current issue of "The Read- er's Digest" must be regarded as a major statement of American policy. It is the swansong ol George Herman, the brilliant State department official who has now resigned, and who has probably had a deeper influence on the for- mation of American policy since the war than any other single In- dividual, This signed article was studied, revised, drafted, and redrafted over a period of several months and finally approved by the'Chief policy-making officials of the State department. Here, then, in capsule form, are the basic assumptions underlying American foreign poli- cy in the Acheson regime. Thus the article deserves close atten- tion. The article consists of a gen- eral study of Soviet aims and cap- abilities, and a brief outline of an American program of action de- signed to bring about a situation in which a peaceful settlement with the Soviet Union will be pos- sible. Much of it reflects that com- bination of intellectual depth and plain common sense which Kennan brings to anything he writes. Yet Its net effect Is disturbing, simply because Kennan quite uninten- tionally, according to those who Know his leaves the im- pression that no special extra ef- fort Is now required to win the cold war. IN THE FIRST PLACE, Kennan makes certain apparent assump- tions about the Soviet Union which seem difficult to square with the known facts. One of these Is that the Russians have already "bitten off more than they can and that the experience of Titolsm "should make the Kremlin more rather than less, about tak- ing on bigger bites at this time." This looks like a sort of "theory of Soviet not unlike the tragically discredited theory of Nazi surfeit. Yet even as the ar- ticle is published the Soviets are "in-process of "digesting their hug- est bite China and are visibly preparing to bite deep by every possible means Into Southeast Asia; rurther. as Secretary Ache- son hag Just pointed out, the Krem- lin Is "pursuing its alms with in- creasing boldness" in Europe, with heightened pressure all around the Soviet periphery Fin- land. Berlin, Austria, Yugoslavia, Here, surely, is no evidence of sur- feit. BRITISH ELECTION NEAR DEADLOCK In The Picture At The Left, Clement Attlee, center, whose Labor party leads in late election returns, stands at microphone in Walthamstow today after the formal announcement that he had been re-elected to the House of Commons from his district. Seated at right of Attlee is Walthamstow Mayor E. C. Redhead. In the picture at the right, Winston Churchill leans over to shake hands with his election opponent, So- cialist Candidate Seymour Hills, after the announcement that Churchill won re- election to the House of Commons at Woodford, Essex, England. In the center is Communist Candidate W. Brooks. Mrs. Churchill Is at the extreme Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Labor Party Lead Too Slim for Workable Majority Churchill's Conservatives Cut Into Attlee Lead; New Election Indicated By The Associated Press Labor party held a narrow and precarious lead tonight in the parliamentary election. It was doubtful that Prime Min- ister Attlee would have a workable majority in the new House ol com- mons even if- he defeated the combined opposition of Conservatives and Liberals. With all but 21 seats accounted for Prime Minister Attlee's party Iheld 311 seats, Winston Churchill's Conservatives and their allies 286, and the Liberal Party seven. There will be 625 seats In the new Com- mons, but the speaker, elected as a Conservative, is regarded as a neu- Crushing Lump Coal Not Too Successful By Adolph Bremer The critical shortage of stoker coal was continuing today and several dealers were attempting to ease it by crushing lump coal. However a spokesman for the city's retail coal dealers reported that the attempt has not been very successful with the machines tried so far, UUU ____________ _-_ Even more puzzlings Kennan's .rgument that Soviefianastery ofj ears .tomic energy "doesaot affect thsf La Crosse Man Chairman of Badger G.O.R. Madison, Wis. Wayne J. Hood, of La Crosse, was named chairman today of the Republican Party of Wisconsin to succeed Har- vey V. Hlgley, Marinette. Hood has been acting chairman of the voluntary organization since Higley resigned January 12 because of the press of private business. Higley had been chairman for two atomic energy situation very much." The Soviet leaders are "not sulcidally inclin- and they know that an ag- gressor "must have some means of neutralizing the military-indus- trial potential of the North Ameri- can continent." The article was written before the hydrogen bomb issue was forced into public de- bate, yet Kennan must have known of the hydrogen bomb. And if Drs. TJrey, Einstein and a host of oth- ers are correct, surprise attack with hydrogen bombs will provide the means for neutralizing North America. Even given the capacity of retaliation, it is hard to believe that the prospect of Soviet stock- piling of hydrogen bombs he was the "best man for the of flee." Thomas A. Lewis, Brother of John L, Takes Own Life Springfield, A. Lewis, 67, brother of John L. Lewis, ___ 'head of the United Mine Workers, YET IF THESE found dead today in his home seem disturbingly optimistic, nan's outline of an American i Deputy Coroner Catherine Ruth- program of action for dealing with erford said he had shot himself be- Soviet expansion is clear and real- istic. He points out, as Acheson has done, that "agreements" with the KrenVUn will have no mean- inc until the Kremlin is faced of the home. A revolver was II not change rnuch." "does the situation very A special nominating committee was named to select Higley's suc- cessor and made ft unanimous re- And even if proper machines are located to convert lump coal into stoker coal, dealers do not intend to crush a great amount because volume crushing may only cause a shortage in the prepared coals. Instead of pursuing a practice of crushing lump coal, the dealers are recommending that stoker-con- sumers conserve their supply by supplementing their limited supply with hand-fired lump coal. Clarence.Totman, spokesman for the dealers who held an emergency meeting yesterday, said that con- sumers of prepared coal probably will not face a shortage for the re- mainder of the heating season un- less a great amount is diverted to stoker coal by crushing. He said that dealer reports yesterday indi- cated an adequate some additional imports. Informed of the critical stoker coal shortage, Mayor Cy Smith con- ferred by telephone with Governor Luther W. Youngdahl and State Fuel Conservator James Clark. Both told the mayor just before noon that the Winona is typical and that the possibility of securing Telephone Rate Hike Ordered In Minnesota 25-Cent Resident, 50-Cent Business Boost Approved st. A state-wide in- port recommending Hood. It said coai is virtually nil. cause of ill health. Mrs. Rutherford said Lewis' wife, Leonore, discovered her husband's crease In telephone rates for 000 subscribers of the Northwest- ern Bell Telephone Company was ordered today by the Minnesota Railroad and Warehouse commis- sion. A hike of 25 cents a montti for residential telephones and 50 cents for business phones was authorized by the two commissioners N. J. Holmberg and Clifford Peterson. New rates become effective with the billing date April 1. Leonard Llnd- qulst, a new appointee to the com- mission, did not participate 5n the rate increase order because he had not heard testimony in the case. Dnlnth Escapes Duluth was the only city of 147 communities in which the company operates exchanges which escap- However, Mr. Clark strongly re-, commended crushing of lump coal Jed the increase. The commission into stoked coal and told the mayor (decided to continue its investiga- that an adequate supply for thatjtion of rates in Duluth until that purpose probably could be secured. At noon today the mayor con- tacted County Engineer E. P. Ef- fertz who said that a county high- way department rock crusher might be available for crushing. The mayor was planning to in- vestigate this afternoon the possi- bility of using such a crusher. This morning several retail coal dealers attempted to use machines at two concrete products plants, but Mr. Totman said the attempts not very successful. However, he said that alterations were being made on one machine for another attempt. Mr. Totman said that no stoker coal, or even yard screenings, are now available in Winona, and that dealers do not expect to receive any city converts from a manual oper- ation to dial phones. The company asked for an over- all increase of additional revenue a year, or 18.72 per cent, but the commission approved a boost of or 8.07 per cent.i care the coal supply. a situation in fact which it is lying near the body, our business to help to The deputy coroner said that The objective is to confront the Lewis, a retired immigration service Soviet Union with such body in the bathtub on the second dealers do not expect ra nnnr nf (-.HP home. A revolver was more until well after the end of the current coal strike. The coal dealers decided yester- day to recommend that stoker coal j. employe, had been in ill health for consumers conserve some time and suffered a they have any left to conserve- to lead to a total reversal of So- viet policy, so that the Kremlin wholly abandons the attempt to It was establish political power over oth-jweeks tut I Jokers. New Heileman Plant In La Crosse Afire La Crosse, black clouds of smoke rolled over the city this noon from a fire at the G. Heileman Brewing Compa- ny's new million dollar "fire- proof" building. Insulation, in the walls of the seven-story stockhouse was burning. The building is still under construction and was not being used by the brewery. The 3-11 alarm fire, which brought out most of the city's fire-fighting equipment, was turned in at and attract- ed a large crowd of spectators despite the four below zero The walls are cork insulated but also have a layer of tar. When that Ignited blank smoke poured out. At p. m. witnesses at the fire scene said that the fire was under control but equipment was still being used to extin- guish it. The building itself did not appear to be burning, since it is fireproof. Judge Refuses to Drop Charge Against Miners Richmond B. Keech refused today to. drop contempt charges against the striking coal miners union and ordered a trial on Monday. Keech told union -attorneys they could have a jury trial if they desired. Welly K. Hopkins, chief U.M.W. attorney, said he would consider over the weekend whether to ask for a jury trial. Assistant Attorney General H. Graham Morison asked that the trial start tomorrow. He noted that since the original court back to work order, issued February 11, "There has been no increase in production of the bituminous mines of this country." Urging the need for speed in the case, Morison said: Sanders Knew He Broke Law, Says Witness Conversation With Second Doctor Recalled By Henry I. Supple Manchester, N. H. A hos- pital records keeper testified today that Dr. Hermann N. Sander said he knew he had broken a law in the "mercy killing" death of a cancer patient and added "he'd broken laws before he'd been through stop signs." Miss Josephine Connor, medical librarian at Hillsboro County hos- pital, calmly told an all-male jury about a conversation she said she heard between a county medical referee and Sander. Dr. Sander is being tried on a first degree murder charge in connection with the death of Mrs. in appropriate trial then It is the government that the full power and majesty of this court" be us- ed to get the miners back on the "At least 20 state have adopt- ed emergency measures to take "Virtually all of the nation's ci- ties have the same problem. "If this contempt is established It was the third increase since January 1, 1948. Company officials had testified that savings of between and a million could be effected if Duluth converted to dial phones. Cost of converstion was estimated at Rochester, Winona Affected Among cities in which the firm operates exchanges, in addition to the Twin Cities and Duluth, are Albert Lea, Bemidji, Brainerd, Crookston, Faribault, Fergus Palls Owatonna, Virginia, Willmar, Rochester Winona, Bibbing, war marriage of a 24-year-old tin Little Falls, Redwood Falls, woman was annulled i ___ ___ rwn_______i__________3____ Wartime German Marriage Annulled Waukesna, Wis. The Ger- job. Hopkins objected to having the trial start tomorrow. Trial Starts Monday Judge Keech then set It for Mon- day. The judge denied Hopkins' for- mal motion that the civil and crim- inal contempt charges be dropped and the proceeding be ended. Union attorneys had argued the court had no right to issue back to work orders to the miners. Replying to charges that the un- ion is In contempt of the court's back to work order, the attorneys: 1. Denied the union called the walkout. 2. Denied the union was respon- sible for continuing the idleness testimony she which has cut. the nation's coal stesttoony she supply to famine level. To this end the United States I Lewis, mother of the TJ.M.W. lead- must maintain a military posturejer, died here January 12 at the age designed to "make sure thst mil-jot 91. (Continued on Page 3, Column 4) ALSOPS Consumer Prices Decline Slightly Washington Ths govern- ment reported today consumer prices dropped 0.4 per cent from mid-December to mid-January. The Labor department announced here the consumer price a rough measure of cost of living dropped in mid-January to 66.9 per cent above the prewar 1935-39 average. It was 67.5 above that average in mid-December. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and cold tonight; lowest near zero in the city, -S in the country. Saturday increasing cloudiness and rather cold; highest 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 17; minimum, -14: noon, precipitation, noce: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 9. IT-Hour Prayer Session Held at Kentucky College Wilmore, Ky. Their religious fervor still at high pitch, students of little Asbury college met again today to take part in the world day of pray- er. An outburst of songs, testi- monials, confessions and pray- ers lasted 11 hours yesterday, ending at 11 p.m. It began at a regular chapel serv- ice when one student got u? and said he wanted to offer a testi- monial. His act of faith was infec- tious. Before the service ended last nisht, most of the 900 stu- dents of the inter-denomina- tional religious school had taken part. Separate prayer meetings were held in dormi- tories. Dean J. B. Kenyon called it the "most genuine revival the school has had in some tune." J. M. Anderson, Bible depart- ment teacher, reported a group of students called another pray- er meeting for today. V Meanwhile, the sudden return of sub-zero weather was accelerating Cloud, Fairmont, New Ulm, Inter- national Falls and Worthington. The commission found that the fair value of the phone firm's prop- in providing intrastate ______ L Minnesota, excluding the Duluth exchange, was 003 as of March 31, 1949. On this basis, according to the the decrease in the coal supply. the company requires will be well below zero again tonight, added revenue to produce building will according to the Weather bureau. At the Winona State Teachers college, coal was being conserved by reducing the heating hours. Dr. M. R. Raymond, acting: president, said that the boilers for Somsen hall and adjacent buildings are shut down in the late afternoon, by 4 or o o'clock if possible. Meetings are still held in Somsen hall but they are held early in the evening before the building cools off. The library is closed nt night. An exception will be made to- night, when a play is presented at Ogden hall. The play has been scheduled for a Dr. Raymond, and be heated. The decrease in heating hours there is a conservation measure. The college received two carloads yesterday and Dr. Raymond esti- mates that sufficient coal is avail- able for all of Mrs. Edith Smith Of Milwaukee Dead Milwaukee (JP) Smith, 86, widow of the founder of the A. O. Smith Corporation, died Thursday night after a short illness. Her husband, who died in 1913, founded the corporation in 1875. Her son. L. R. Smith, headed it from 1913 until his death five years ago. a rate of return of six per cent on the value of its property. The commission concluded: That the" present rates are not just, fair and reasonable and are insufficient to yield a fair return. That the rates proposed by the hej. company are excessive. Opponents at Hearings From a number of cities, repre- sentatives came to the hearings to Thursday under a provision of Ger- man law. .County Judge Allen D. Young granted to Mrs. Nor- ma Gorsky. She testified that she married Hans Korskl in Schieswig- married Hans Gorsfcy in Schieswig- Holstein, Germany, in 1945 to ob- tain her freedom from a German labor camp. Mrs. Gorsky also was awarded the custody of her three-year-old son, who was born after her return to this country in 1946. She testified she went to Germa- ny with her parents in 1939 to visit an ailing grandfather. She said her lather turned -.igainst the Hit- ler regime and thfc family was sent labor oppose rate boosts. Among them were legal counsel from the Twin Cities. Duluth, Eibbing, Virginia, Chisholm, Anoka, Bemidji, St. Lou- iis Park, Scanlon and Cloquet. According to L. H. Bitney, com- mission statistician, the city of Duluth had an operating loss of Duluth had tele- phones on December 31, 1947; Min- neapolis and St. Paul She married Gorsky, she said, only to obtain release from the camp, and lived with him Just four days before he was called into Ger- man, naval service. Mrs. Gorsky said he forced her to return to him after the war, however, by threatening to tell British and American authorities that she had been employed by the propaganda ministry. 458. Bitney also testified that the traffic expenses in Duluth are per station compared with in Minneapolis. Under conditions existing in Dul- uth, the commission found, the company had failed to justify its expense items and failed to show use of all reasonable means to furnish an efficient and econom- ical operation. Further, the com- mission said, the company failed to establish that existing rates are unreasonably low. Olmstead Bank Director Dies Jacksonville, L. Stoppel, 48, died suddenly here yes- terday following a heart attack. Stoppel, a director of the Olmsted County bank at Rochester, Minn., was stricken while he and his wife were stopping here, en route to Miami The body is being returned to Rochester for Durial services. Abbie Borroto, housewife. 59, Manchester Miss Connor, a buxom register- ed nurse, gave this account of the talk between Dr. Robert E. Biron, the medical referee, and Dr. San- der on the day of Sander's arrest: "Dr. Biron asked if he (Sander) realized he had broken the law. Dr. Sander said 'Yes, he'd broken laws been through stop stop signs." -Dr. Biron said was more seri- ous, this was murder. Dr. Sander said he did the law but changed. realize he'd broken the law should be 'Dr. Biron said 'Why didn't you change it first before you did this'" Miss Connor testified she did not remember Dr. Sander's reply to that last question. Dr. Sander sat cross-legged, chewing a candy drop as he heard the nurse testify that he gave this answer when Dr. Biron asked him about the manner of Mrs. Bor- roto's death: "Dr. Sander's answer was 'Well, Mr. Borroto was so tral. Even for Time For a time, the Laborites and the combined opposition were all even. Four times In 15 minutes of counting the opponents were dead level, and four times Labor went one seat ahead. Then the Laborities forged ahead by several seats again. The Conservatives came back sharply in today's counting after overnight results had cast a pall of gloom over- headquarters of Winston Churchill's party. When a recess In the count was taken ear- ly today, the Laborites held lead of 61 seats. In the old House of Commons, which had 640 seats, the Luborltes outnumbered the Conservatives 381 to 202. A labor spokesman said his par- ty needed a majority of 30 to function effectively in the new" house. Churchill Speaks Churchill, re-elected in his own district by big margin, his constituency at Woodford. The wartime prime minister said: 'We cannot tell and I am cer- tainly not going to pronounce what is going to happen, but It Is ob- vious Parliament Is going to be in a very unstable condition. "All we can do Is to keep our eyes steadily fixed on the main purpose to bring our country back, to the forefront of the nations and to make her a home for all our people." Record Tornoat The turnout of voters smash- ed records. Some 85 per cent of the electorate, more than of the 000 eliglbles, went to the yesterday to register their an- swer on the outstanding Issno of the campaign: More social- ization under Attlee, less un- Churchill. About 73 per tired and if you could have seen him up all night drinking coffee and smoking, you would have been sorry for him too.' Miss Connor said Dr: Biron then put the question flatly to Dr. San- der: "Why did you do She said Dr. Sander did not an- swer "other than Mr. Borroto was tired and had a hard night." At another point in Miss Con- related that cent of the electorate had vot- ed in the 1945 election. With the race so close it possible that votes In four consti- tuencies In the remote parts of Scotland could have an important issue. Because of not re- The TJ.M.W. attorneys told Judge !reDiied- _. w .LI__i. i.l._ Sander, when asked if he 'realized the seriousness of Richmond B. Keech that the strike was a result of individual action by the soft coal diggers. "Refusal to work was and is entirely without suggestion, direc- tion or authorization of the re- spondent union and wholly in con- travention of and contrary to the directions given aforesaid by the 'He assumed the medical asso- ciation probably would reprimand him for it; tell him not to do it again." She testified she "remembered1 that Dr. Sander said more than once "that he hadn't done any- thing morally wrong." Earlier, the hospital records of respondent through its (Mrs. Borroto were introduced in said Welly K. Hopkins. evidence by the state. Hopkins is chief attorney for the Meanwhile ,tbe big question of union. Stripped of his 1 e g a 1 the trial posed by the defense re- phrases, his argument meant that John L. Lewis, as president of the mine workers, had ordered them back to work in compliance with the court's order, but the miners had not obeyed. Restraining Order Judge Keech has issued a tem- porary restraining order against a strike on February 11. The or- der, once extended, is good until March 3. Hopkins said that the only pow- ers the union has are those of rec- ommendation. He pointed out that Lewis and his fellow officers had sent two back to work orders to the miners since the court's de- cree without avail. Hopkins also argued that Keech's order for the miners to go back to work without a contract was "involuntary servitude" and therefore was unconstitutional. Hopkins said that the union's in- ternational executive board, which has the power to call a strike af- ter a referendum vote of the mem- bership, had issued no strike call. The union has not "done any act to cause, induce, engage in, permit or encourage any alleged Strike or its alleged Hopkins said. mamed: Was Dr. Sander's incurable can- cer patient dead before he alleged- ly injected air into her veins? Judge R. P. Clark Of Mauston Dead Mansion, Wis. Robert Clark, 62, veteran Junea.u county judge, died Wednesday. He had suf- fefed a stroke eight days before. Judge Clark was elected district attorney in 1920 after in the first world war and held that office until his appointment as judge in 1528. Surviving are his wife and a brother, C. Eimer Anderson Seeks Re-election Brainerd, Minn. C. Elmer Anderson told a Republican meet- Ing here last night be would seek re-election as Minnesota's lieuten- ant governor, a post he has held for ten years under Governors Stassen, Thye and Youngdahl. Anderson said he thought he could "be of real service to the state" and would wage a vigorous campaign. port on how they voted until next Monday. The constituencies are In the highlands and islands off the Scot- ;ish coast. Of the four one voted Liberal National, one for Labor, and two for the Conservatives In 1945. Many of the districts still to be jeard from were in traditionally Labor strongholds. Working Majority Missing The race was so close, however, that many leaders on both sides. speculated on the possibility that neither party would be able to muster a working majority in the new Parliament. That would force a new election in the near future. Morgan Phillips, general secre- tary of the Labor party, told an Interviewer that Laborites "need a majority of 30 seats to function effectively as a government." A Conservative spokesman said there seemed a good chance that the winning party, whichever it was, would be lucky to home with a majority of ten. If this happened another election would be unavoidable. An outpouring of voters from the rural and small city districts re- vived Conservative hopes early to the day after a night of gloom. Overnight Change The picture changed completely overnight. In the early returns. La- bor piled up a lead which many leaders of both parties believed meant certain victory. The swing toward tie Conserve tives became apparent soon after the counting was resumed this morning. The Labor lead quickly dropped to 43, then 24. It was down to 17 by mid-afternoon, and continued dropping. While the two big parties were battling it out and electing nearly all their top leaders, the Liberal party and the Communists took a severe beating. The Liberals had put 400 candidates In the field and the Communists 100. Prime Minister Attlee, Foreign Minister Bevin, Deputy Prime Minister Herbert Morrison and all other cabinet, members, with two or three exceptions, were re-elect- ed to Parliament.