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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1950, Winona, Minnesota PARTLY CLOUDY, COLDER TONIGHT THIS IS NATIONAL BOY SCOUT WEEK VOLUME PAGES TODAY- Time to Win Cold War May Be Past By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Great events are like great rivers. The headwaters are many, various and far apart No one can foretell the course o: the Mississippi from the shape of a spring freshet In the Dakotas. Yet when all the brooks are-ful' and running hard, one can foresee that somewhere a river will re- ceive the waters, and somehow carry them down to the sea. In the same fashion, it begins to be possible to foresee a grea event here In Washington noth- ing less than a sharp change In the whole tempo, scope and plan of basic American policy. What has been happening, in ef- fect, is the rapid collapse of al the assumptions on which policy has been based since 1948 elec- tion. There have been three, of these assumptions: (1) That the Soviet union wished to achieve its aims by the peaceful conquest of infiltration, (2) That the American monopoly on atomic weapons would continue to operate as a final safeguard against Soviet aggres- sion; (3) That there was, there- fore, all the time In the world to win the cold war. ON THESE ASSUMPTIONS, as soon as the 1948 election gave him the self-confidence to do so. Presi- dent Tniman Imposed a drastic slowdown on defense and foreign policy. Since then, the needs of foreign policy have been continu- ously subordinated to domestic politics. Since then, the needs of defense planning have been pro- gressively sacrificed to the prob- lem of the budget. The keynote ha: been the President's favorite phrase, "everything's going to be nil right." Many leaders of the administra- tion still cherish this curious con- viction. Secretary of the Treasury Snyder and Secretary of Com- merce Sawyer are still wedded to business as usual. Secretary oi Defense Johnson is still capable of declaring that we can "lick hell out of Joe the next day after his own secretary for air, Stuart Symington, told another audience that the Russians are now more powerful we are In ev- ery military arm. Indeed, It is only at the State department that the signs of change are visible as yet. And it is only in the State department j that the great change can origin- ate. IF IT IS PERMISSIBLE to haz- ard a guess, Secretary of State Dean O. Acheson, who is devoted- ly loyal to the President, took of- fice with the determination to go along with Truman on the defense and foreign policy slowdown. Cer- tainly this proach of was the original Under Secretary ap- of State James Webb who, as budget director, was one of the slowdown's first advocates. If one may guess further, what has happened at the State depart- ment is that events all the hard, hurrying, terrifying happenings of the past fourteen months have simply been too much for Acheson and Webb and their co-workers. Events have In fact insistently de- manded, not less, but far greater American efforts on almost every front. Above all, events have disappoint- ed the original hope of Acheson and his co-workers, that ten or 20 years would elapse before the cold war reached the stage of crisis. On the contrary, almost every problem, whether in the Far East, or in Europe, or in the sphere of policy best symbolized by the hy- drogen bomb, has moved toward T-H Law Invoked in Coal Strike One Killed, 4 Hurt in Whitehall Gash F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoover, left and Associate Director Clyde Tolson take their seats at the witness table for the opening this morning of a hearing before the joint congressional atomic energy committee in Washington about the British scientist, Dr, Klaus Fuchs, accused of giving top atomic secrets to Russia. P. Wirephoto to The American Contacts Of Atom Spy Sought By Jack Bell Washington Senator Bridges (R.-N, H.) today demanded a search "in high places" for any American contacts of Klaus Puchs, German-born British scientist accused of giving atomic secrets to Russia. Bridges told a reporter F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoover will be questioned about that point tomorrow by a Senate appropriations the stage of crisis with unrelent- ing speed. Symptomatic was the recent re- port of High Commissioner John J. McCloy, who warned that the German problem must be settled within 18 months if the West Ger- mans were to be surely prevented from moving toward the Soviet sphere. The new keynote, indeed, might be the exquisite passage from Ecclesiastcs that McCloy took as his text: "To everything there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven. A time to be born, and n time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted; a time to kill, and a time to heal: a time to break down, and a time to build up. THE REASONS why this is "time to act" are only too obvious. Five Perish In Montana Hotel Fire Holmen Woman Dies in Collision Of Auto, Truck Mrs. Joseph Wolfe Thrown From Car; Others in Hospital Whitehall, Wis. A 19-year-old Holmen woman was killed outright in a car-truck col- lision near here Sunday. Four other persons were injured and are in Whitehall Community hospital receiving treatment for severe shock and other injuries. Dead is Mrs. Joseph Wolfe. Her husband, 31, suffered a bac left shoulder injury, severe left eye bruises and a deep cut over that eye. Their one-year-old son, John suffered a bad bump on his head, with indications of possible inter- nal injuries. Driver of the car, Joseph. Schnei- der, 23, La Crosse, suffered facial cuts and possible skull fracture when he was thrown from the car. His wife, 18, was badly cut about the face and left ear. The truck driver, Mike Herman was uninjured in the accident which occured on county trunk "D" about four miles north of White- hall about noon yesterday. Mrs. W9lfe was thrown violently from the car, landing on her head just behind the dual-wheels of the milk truck. She was killed instant- ly with a skull fracture. The collision occurred on an icy stretch of black top road near a bad curve. Schneider and his pas- sengers were headed north on their way to visit Mr. Wolfe's sister, Mrs. Rufus Halama, Elk Creek. The truck, owned by Charles Briggs of Whitehall, was loaded with milk cans from area farms and was headed south on the road. Both truck and car had just rounded curves and met head-on in a dip of the road that was covered with ice, according to Sheriff Charles Keilholtz and Trempealeau County Traffic Officer Maurice Scow, called to investigate. It was ;he first fatality in the county this year, The scene of the crash was subcommittee. This which Bridges is a has talked with Hoover about the Fuchs case. The i Herman's truck, although remato- F.B.L chief had another today tag upright, ended up in a small ditch along the road. It was some- This Is The Wreckage ol Gambler Mickey Cohen's bedroom after an early-morning explosion blew up the corner room of his radar-protected house at Los Angeles. Cohen happened to be sleeping in another bedroom last night and no one was hurt in the blast. Cohen estimated the damage at Police said a bomb apparently caused the blast. A small explosion, crater Is just in frost of the house at left foreground. p. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) V W W '50 G.O.P. Statement Bomb Explosion 'Critical, Constructive' Washington W) Republican drafters came up today with a 950 statement on principles which G.O.P. Chairman Guy C. Gabriel- son called "critical but also con- ;tructive." The platform declaration, clear- ed by three drafting committees, Clifford Anderson farm. 'was ready aPProval or tion bv a11 of tne congressional to meet with Atomic Energy closed doors. "This the Senate-House committee behind man Bridges said, "must have had contacts in through to find those contacts, par- ticularly to learn whether any of them tie into high places." A person well acquainted with what damaged, according to re- ports. The Schneider car, however, was wrecked. Only Schneider and Mrs. this country and we must follow Wolfe were thrown from the car; volved with the British scientist. This authority, who insisted on anonymity, said many atomic docu- M Eureka, pre-dawn fire swept through a three-story Trame hotel yesterday, killing five persons. Authorities blamed an oil burner explosion for the fire. Dead were John Powell and De- lano Grayson, members of the Browning High school basketball team; Charles Cameron, about 74. Eureka farmer; William Peterson of Eureka, Great Northern Railway employe, and Ed La France, about 54, hotel clerk. The fire destroyed the 25-room hotel, the Montana. The building also housed the postoffice, a bar, five apartments, and this north- ;i 1 t Friday: western Montana town's only tele- Fuchs had access to vital phone. the other passengers remained in the vehicle. Wolfe, suffering from severe shock, kept calling for his wife atomic developments, touching on Sunday, but attending physicians the same theme, told a reporter did hlm she had been that all the evidence thus far pre-M until today the hospital reported. sented indicates that a number of Thp of Wolfe, his in- other persons may have been in- The condition of Wolfe, his in- fant son, and the Schneiders was somewhat improved today, accord- ing to hospital reports. Mrs. Wolfe is the daughter of M Ed d Kouja f L ments dating back to d :as married in April ol have been missing for several1 years. "Fuchs and others who may have been involved in his gr husballd is formei-iy case had access he said. these early Arcadia. Also called to the accident yes- terday was District Attorney John C. Quinn of Arcadia. In his appearance before Funeral arrangements are pend- joint committee, Hoover was funeral home at Arcadia, oected to repeat and possibly j ing but are being handled by the add story he told the Republicans and full G.O.P. na- tional committee. The preliminary outline indicated the G.O.P. would tee off on ad ministration foreign policies and what some republicans called "In- filtration" of high government of- fices by communists and fellow travelers. The foreign policy declaration was said to be sharply critical be- Russia Able To Bomb U. S., Symington Says New York W. Stuart Symingrton, secretary of the air force, said last night that Rus- sia has the capacity to drop atom bombs on any part of the United States. Speaking at the annual din- ner of Che New York Base- ball Writers association, Sym- ington declared: "We all know international conditions are not healthy in this postwar cold-war period. Behind an iron curtain there has been an atomic explosion, in a country which today has the capacity to deliver bombs to any part of America, and we have no sure defense." cause the administration has not taken the Republicans into its confidence on many major ternational decisions particular- ly those affecting Asia. The allusion to communist In- filtration was an obvious reference to Alger Hiss. Hiss, a former State department official, was convicted on charges that he lied when he said he did not deliver secret State department documents to a munist courier. While the foreign policy decla- ration took the administration to task for failure to consult the Re- publicans, it didn't go far enough Other guests, including the rest of the Browning basketball team, escaped by jumping from windows. The Browning team stayed over- night ciav. after playing EureKa Satur- For many months, the confederation has been Western propres- jWeather Delays Trucks to Berlin atomic secrets and also early information about to some the pro- Senator McMahon chairman of the Joint Atomic com- weather mittee, said over the weekend that his group is considering this country might try to extradite Fuchs for possible trial here. He added, however, that the committee's lawyers doubt that I this can be done. I froze! Some members of the group! sively while the Soviet Berlin's highway traffic with west-isaid they also had under study a empire has been rapidly consoli-1ern Germany today, delaying a con- possible recommendation that to rearmed, jclusive test of whether the Sovietjthe future no foreigners be givenl dated, expanded find Very recently, by takinp such cru- cial" steps as the current prepara- "liule blockade" was ended. access to secrets unless they are The east-west autobahn was so icy iscreened in advance by the F.B.I. tlons to give open support to theiafter daylight that only two or three Lieutenant Genleslie 6. communists in Ir.do China, thelBerlin-bound trucks an hour reach- retired wartime director kremlin has becrun to imitate the cd the Russian zone checkpoint project, told the behavior of Hitler in his mid-ca- reer. And now the world is haunt- ed with the dreadful specter of the hydrogen bomb. Groves, of the Senate- According to highest authority, if or Berlin, said all information in- moreover, the hydrogen bombidicated the slowdown, which began problem has finally caused the January 22, was finished. President to. ask Secretary son to review and reassess the- whole panorama of American pol- Lutherans tO Meet icy and effort. The outcome of this review and reassessment can Virginia, Minn. The pas- hardly be predicted with precision.jtoral conference of the Head-of- Yet if Acheson concludes that noithe-Lakes Minnesota dis- world settlement can be netrotinteditrict, Missouri Synod Lutheran with the kremlin, one thing at leastlchurch, will be held at the Trinity seems sure. The cold war will atiLutheran church here Tuesday Helmstedt. They were cleared by House committee Saturday that the Soviet guards without undue Fuchs was taken into this nation's delay and no pileup developed. C. A. Dix. U. S. transport chief last be recognized for what it a real war, even although no shots are being fired, with all n real war's first calls on resources, manpower and national effort. Ex- cept surrender, there is no other way. through Thursday. Speakers will -include the Rev. Donovan Bafcalyar of Fort William. Ont.: the Rev. Armin Mueller of Finlayson; the Rev. John Kempff of cioquet. and the Rev. Martin Heine of Hibbing. innermost atomic circles as a member of a delegation of 20 Brit- ish scientists. Fuchs' background was not in- vestigated here. Groves said, be- cause he had British clearance. State May Study School Aid Setup St, Paul Two Minnesota said they will ask legislative research committee legislators the to approve a broad study of the state's school aid system when the com- mittee meets today at the capital. The proposal will be made by Senator Ancher Nelsen of Hutch- inson and Representative Em 11 C. Ernst of Lester Prairie. Rips Cohen's Home Los Angeles A gangland bomb wrecked Mickey Cohen's 000 radar-protected home before dawn today but the little heading his usual charmed life- escaped Mickey, his wife and a maid were home at the the bed- in- room where Mickey usually sleeps for some party members. Werner W. Schroeder, Illinois national comrnitteeman, had call- ed for an end to the bipartisan foreign policy. Schroeder said this policy of which Senator Vandenberg (R. Mich.) has been the chief G.O.P, exponent in Congress gives the Re- publicans no alternative but "rub ber stamp" approval. It has stifled debate, he said, and discouraged "independent" thinking by Congress members. "It has given us one course of action in Europe and the opposite one in declared Schroeder. Policy drafting Republicans said Vandenberg was active in writing the foreign portion of their new platform. They said this declaration re- Northwest Of Dnbnqne, Iowa, wreckers clear away 44 freight cars derailed when a Chicago and North Western train hit a broken rail on a curve. Most of the cars carried livestock. Hundreds of sheep and cattle were freed from the broken cars and merchandise was scattered over a wide area. P. Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) affirms G.O.P. faith in the Uniteo. Nations support and pledges Republican for a two-party intema tional policy which the G.O.P. can approve in advance. Gabrielson said the word policy statement makes it clear that the G.O.P. has something to offer the people besides criticism of the Truman administration's tails. Senate and House Republicans, meeting in separate conferences, take final action on the platform members, consulting with the G.O.P. lawmakers by telephone, were expected to act simultaneous- ly. Psychiatric Aide Applications Sought St. Robert D. Stover, state director of civil- service, an- nounced today that applications should be submitted at once for psychiatric aide examinations to be held Saturday, February 25, in 11 Minnesota cities. Applicants will take their ex- aminations at 10 a, m. in the local 3igh schools in Bemidji, Crookston, Duluth, Faribault, Fergus Falls, Mankato, Rochester, St. Cloud, Vir- willmar find Moose Lake. Is In pieces out in the front yard. His wife and the maid also were un- hurt. Police said Cohen wouldn't ex- plain why he changed bedrooms when he retired early today. A de- tective relayed this comment: "I wish I knew who'the S.O.B.'s are who are doing this to me." The dapper little gambler's ex- pensive wardrobe took the brunt of the blast, the detective said, adding "It's in.shreds." About half the seven-room house's foundation was damaged, officers said, and one wall blown out by a fuse bomb placed during a brisk rain. Cohen had been in the room the explosion hit hardest only a few minutes before, checking an alarm set off by a break in his electronic warning device. Damage The at so great that police earlier reported that Cohen could not have been home and survived such a blast. Kathryn Jones, the Cohen maid, called the West Los Angeles police station and hysterically reported there had been a "terrific" explo- sion at the Cohen home. But the blast was so shattering that the police said they heard it even before Miss Jones called. The police station is three-and-a-half miles away from the Cohen home. Cohen and his wife were sleeping at the rear of the house. Police said a bomb apparently caused the blast and theorized it either was tossed or leaned against the house. This is the second attempt in less Jian a year to assassinate Cohen, actions. He would not go into de- boss of southern California's gam- bling rackets. Last July 20, shotgun blasts met his party as it left Sherry's restau- rant, a Sunset strip cafe, In the Truman Moves To Restore Production Board of Inquiry Reports in Week, Injunction Seen Tru- man today invoked the Taft-Hart- ley law in an effort to restore coal production. He appointed a board of inquiry headed by David L. Cole, Pater- son, N. J., lawyer, to look into the issues at dispute. The other members are William W. Writz and John Dunlop. In view of the emergency, the President instructed the board to report "not later" than one week rrom today. Work Order Sought Mr. Truman's move sets in mo- jtion T-H law procedures that could 'lead to a court order a week or ten [days from now for the miners to I get back to work for 80 days. Whether the miners will pay any attention to a "stop-strike" order from the one is a question. John L. Lewis, the 70-year-old president of the United Mine Workers, told Mr. Truman last week that he doubted they would. After Mr. Truman acted, Lewis declined to see reporters but sent them word that he had "no com- ment." At the Capitol. Senator Taft (R.- one of the authors of the T-H law, said the President's ac- iion was a "step necessary to be iaken." Senator Brewster (R. Maine) commented: "Thank God there a law under which he can act." President Truman has tried un- successfully to get Congress to re- peal the Republican-enacted law and made It an issue in his 1948 election campaign. But he has said that as long as it was on the books he would enforce it. Presidential Secretary Charles Of. Ross said Mr. Tftlman's order cov- ered only the soft coal industry. He said the three board members had accepted the appointments and would meet in Washington tonight to begin work. Idle When the President acted, re- ports from the coal fields indicated at least of the soft coal miners were idle. Coal production was down to the merest trickle. Without it, many ndustries will have to close soon, throwing thousands out of work. In many cities, coal supplies for home heating are short. Mr. Truman's order creating the joard of Inquiry said the dispute between the United Mine Workers and the soft coal industry "has re- sulted or threatens to result in a strike or lockout affecting a (sub- stantial part of the bituminous coal, industry" and that the "strike or ockout, if permitted to occur or a continue, will imperil the na- ,ional health and safety." Court Injunction Once the board reports, the Presi- dent can ask the attorney general o go to a federal court and seek a JO-day Injunction against a further trike. If the miners should not obey it, he government might seek penal- iles for contempt cf court. In 1946 a court slapped the rfltn- srs with a fine for con- empt and Lewis with a one personally. In 1948, In another contempt case, those fines were on the union and ;20.000 on Lewis. Mr. Truman talked the situation iver with Democratic congressional eaders shortly before invoking the T-H .law. After the hour's White House lonference. Speaker Rayburn (D.- Texas) told reporters: "He (the 'resident) authorized us to say he will enforce the law." Asked If there was any thought if government seizure of the minesl Rayburn said, "No, no." Onalaska Council 'resident Dead Onalaska, Wis. John Nich- olson, president of draft today. National committee Pje-dawn hours. In that gangland- style shooting, Cohen was injured and Neddie Herbert, one of his henchmen, later died, It was Cohen who was the key figure In the Los Angeles vice probe which touched off a wholesale shakeup of the Los Angeles police department. Fish Win Prizes Detroit Lakes, Minn. ranging from a pound to three pounds won prizes in Detroit Lakes' fishing contest Sunday. The winners were: A. L. Lunch, Moorhead, two pound, four ounce walleye pike; Wally Swedberg, De- roit Lakes, three pound northern pike, and Norman Anderson, Min- neapolis, one pound, one ounce crappie. own council, died the Onalaska Sunday after a lengthy illness. Two days ago Onalaska's mayor, M. C. Sias, lied at the age of 61. Nicholson iad been expected to replace him. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Partly loudy and somewhat colder tonight; owest 24. Tuesday cloudy; highest in the afternoon 35. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 41; minimum, 23; oon, 41; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 .ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 43; minimum, 30; oon, 34; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional Weather on Page 14.
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