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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1950, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, WARMER TONIGHT, SUNDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 297 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 4, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY BOY SCOUT WEEK FEBRUARY 6-12 FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY- If You Can't Lick Jine em, 'em CN.W. Shops Call Back 100 By Joseph and Stewart AIsop Washington. There Is one way to understand the real reasons for the agonized soul search- ings now going on within the Re- publican party. This is to examine! with some care those remarkable documents, the lists of last year's contributions to the Republican and Democratic national commit- tees. For these documents clearly sug- gest that an important faction of American business is turning from the traditional business party and! flirting with the self-styled defend-: ers of the underprivileged. This switch is obviously based on the old "if you can't lick 'em, jine 'em" theory. The total figures are significant enough the Republi- cans collected a paltry S260.000 or so, against a lush for the Democrats. But the names of the individual Democratic contri- butors are even more revealing. These names represent almost every Important sector of Ameri- can finance and industry. Only- a brief sampling is possible in this space, but even such a sampling is sufficient, to demonstrate that the Democrats are not without im- portant business friends. PROBABLY THE MOST GEN- EROUS of these friends were the Titans of the motion picture in- dustry. Among others, Jack and Harry Warner gave -Sam Ooldwyn and Sam Goldwyn Jr., and Marvin, Nicholas and Joseph Schenck, each. Yet Wall Street and its environs were even better represented than Holly- wood and Vine. Emil Schram, president of the New York Stock Ex- change, stumped up with as did Robert R. Young, canny, aggressive president cf the Chesa- peake Ohio railroad. Floyd Odium, of the powerful At- las Corporation, and Thomas J. Watson, of the even more power- ful International Business Ma- chines, were hardly lavish; Odium picked up a tab for a mere and Watson one for Jack Frye, former aviation mogul who now runs Victor Emmanuel's Gen- eral Anallne te Dye, was almost Insulting with a contribution. Yet the Democrats did not al- ways need the consolation that it is the thought behind the fift, rather than the gift itself, which counts. The aviation industry was particularly generous. Sherman Falrchild, for example, a direc- tor of Pan American (as well as of G. M, Giannlnl and Internation- al Business Machines) is listed at Robert F. Six. of Continent- al Airlines, gave and C. R. Smith, chairman of the board of American Airlines, contributed THE LIQUOR BUSINESS was represented by Seton Porter, pres Ident of National Distillers, who gave Curtis Calder, chair- man ol Electric Bond and Share, who has many important utility connections, wrote his check for Other utility men gave their mite, Including C, H. Moses, president of Arkansas Power and Light, and an old enemy of T.V.A., and a number of officers of the powerful Georgia Power and Light Company. These men apparently overcame their distaste for Presi- dent Truman's public stand for public power. A sampling of other contributors! H-Bomb Leaks Bring New Security Demands Lieutenant General Leslie Groves, center, retired wartime head of the atomic energy project, poses with Senator Brien McMahon left, chairman of the congressional atomic committee, and Representative Carl T. Durham committee member, today before closed-door questioning in Washington about the activi- ties of Klaus Fuchs, 38-year-old British scientist accused of passing atomic secrets to Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) By Jack Bell Alarmed lawmakers- demanded rigid new secrecy measures today after receiving reports that a top British scientist had passed hydrogen bomb as well as secrets to Russia. With the biggest atomic spy case of all still unfolding there were Navy Planes Hunt Sub Off California San Francisco Navy planes were ordered to search the waters off northern California to- day for a foreign submarine. The 12th naval district an- nounced the flights as It received, with some skepticism, a fourth port that a U-boat had been seenj off Eureka, Calif. The Navy did not question the previous reports two by fishing boat captains and a. third by a private airplane pilot. From these descriptions Navy spokesmen said the mysterious submersible appear- ed to be a German craft, many, of these developments. 1. Lieutenant General Leslie Groves, retired wartime head of the atomic energy project, faced questioning by the Senate-Hous_e atomic committee about the ac- tivities of Klaus Fuchs, the 38- year-old accused British scientist. 2. F.B.I. Director' J. Edgar Hoover was quoted by senators as Lewis Of Wage Fixing By 'Strangers' Statement Viewed As Refusal of 70-Day Truce Lord Norman, Noted British Banker, Dead London Lord Norman, 1 longtime governor of the Bank England and one of the most the President's mous of the world's bankers, diedlproposal for a truce in the coal at his home here today, (strike while a presidential board in- He was born Montagu and "commends a set Norman. King George, on the ad- vice of Winston Churchill's coali- tion raised him to the peerage in 1944 in recognition of his sen-ice as captain of the bank which manages Britain's money. He had headed the Bank of Eng- land from 1920 to 1944. Hoffman Pleads Against Cut In ECA Funds Hoffman's statement that American dissen- sion over foreign spending gives confidence to communist fifth col-! Monday, umnists met head-on today with! Should it prove true, however, a proposal for new checks on Mar-! Mr- Truman would have to decide Washington John L. Lewis advised President Truman today the miners "Do not wish three strang-j Wag6E worldng tement was taken as a tlement. A 500-word letter from the United Mine Workers leader was delivered to the White House at a. m. It did not in so many words reject or accept either the fact finding proposition or the presidential plea that "normal" production be re- stored on Monday while negotia- tions continued. United Mine Workers representa- tives said that the one of the most cryptic Lewis ever has used in a would be the only word from their chief over the weekend. Lewis made Ms reply in the midst of reports that strikes would con- tinue or possibly spread in the fields next week. Reports from mainly from operators, but also from at least one union said that Lewis already had tele- graphed United Mine Workers lo- cals across the nation to call out all of the soft coal miners on shall plan funds. Senator McClellan (D.-Ark.) told a reporter he may offer an amend- ment to the Economic Co-operation administration act this year to ear- mark recovery funds for specific whether to invoke the Taft-Hartley act emergency machinery and call on the courts for an Injunction to order the miners Into the pits for 80 days. The President is pledged to re- having reported to them that! Senator Connally (D.-Tex.) use In each country and for eachlPeal of Taft-Hartley law and :ommodity. x :i" T Fuchs had been planted as a paid Russian spy in the. British atomic setup and had given the innermost atomic secrets, and some informa- tion about the hydrogen bomb, to Moscow. 3. A group of senators demand- ed that Great Britain and all other countries be cut off from any information about H-bomb de- velopments. 4. Senator Connally chairman of the Senate foreign re- lations committee and a member of the Senate-House atomic group, forecast a drastic tightening of atomic security regulations at home and abroad. The Senate House committee may recommend such an overhaul Russians. Ray Mason of Eureka said he sumuiuiK ui imiei vuiiLiiuuLuioi with important interests includes! a sub surface yesterday about Thomas Morgan, former yards from the Humboldt bay which are now in possession of seourlty rules after hearing Groves. In Important Post Groves was called upon to ex- plain how Fuchs, who headed the .British wartime atomic mission to of Sperry Gyroscope, and a dir-jlifeboat station. A Navy country got access to top ector of Vickers, Inc., the Bank-! man said the Navy was inclined American atomic secrets ers Trust and Shell Union Oil, question the accuracy of the statement from his home has been considered for the chair-iport because Mason was three and manshlp of the Atomic Energy one-fourth miles from where he commission: William zeckendorf, I said the submarine emerged, big New York real estate opera-! Navy investigators talked to tor with Rockefeller connections. personnel of fishing boats in the and Walter Dunnington, trustee of i immediate area and to personnel the Central Hanover Bank and di-jat the lifeboat station. None had rector of the Texas Company, Sun! seen the sub, the Navy spokesman 'Chemical Corportion. Standard Brands and Coca Cola. Each gavei There are many similarly- impressive business names on the: list. There is nothing disreputable! about all this. The two-party sys-j tern could hardly survive unless! both parties received financial1 support. Moreover, the party in power has a certain traditional magnetic attraction, especially for at Norwalk, Conn., Groves said that Fuchs held "an important and responsible" position at Los Alamos laboratory In New Mexico during the war and in that post had access to "a great deal of In- (Continued on Page 8, Column 6.) H-BOMB s Son May Be 'Roberto LinJstrom' those with a hankering for the de- Lindstrom may be the name Ingrid Bergman liehts of diplomatic life. William lights of diplomatic life. Pawley. for example, ambassador to Cuba, gave S3.000: ambassador to Norway Charles U, Bay and his Swedish film actress plans to marry Rossellini when she gets wife, S6.000. and Bruce.: Mexican divorce from Dr .Peter Lindstrom of Hollywood. who has long wanted tile London I gives her baby son. "It looks ss though the baby's name will be said Gino Sotis. lawyer for Italian Film Director Roberto Rossellinl. The 34-year- post, cave with his wife another YET WHAT JS REALLY signi- ficant is the contrast between Pier Luigi Guidotti, who at-r seven-pound, 14-cunce 0 h t ht l baby s name te Roberto, that will be It." Republican and Democratic har-, vest It is impossible to read d ffiat Republican listing without conclud-i j ing that within the last year the men who have supported the party so faithfully through all the lean name and nationality of Miss Bergman's Hollywood husband be- it Ingrid's I bedside almost constantly since the child was born. Reportedly he spent last night at the hospital. Birth Awaited "Both Miss Bergman and Ros- and happily await- ready has called for a cut of "at least one billion" below the ECA appropriation last year of Chairman McKellar (D.-Tenn.) of the Senate appropriations com- mittee says he hopes to cut at least 25 per cent out of ECA's present budget request of Hoffman, ECA chief who recent- he has tried to avoid using it. Lewis, too, is one of most vigor- ous critics. C-47 Crashes Off Puerto Rican Coast San Juan, P. R. A U. S. ly returned from abroad, said yes- Air Force C-47 transport plane with terday that "the slightest officers and one enlisted man of conflict or the hint that! aboard crashed Into the sea late ECA may be terminated night just off the Puerto Rican to build up communist hopes success in western Europe." He added that communist un- derground movements have reviv- ed so markedly in the last three hit the water at full flying speed: months that it would take only a Army and Navy rescue officials said there was little hope for sur- vivors as the plan apparently had Identification of the men was withheld. Officials said the plane took off "single incident" to make them remobilize. The ECA chief conferred yester- day with Secretary of State Ache- son and Senator Connally. He told Connally that he hopes Congress and the people will not make up their minds on how much ECA should be cut until "all evidence is in." McClellan tried last year to amend the ECA bill to require! Marshall plan purchases of specif- ic farm commodities. ECA opposed this amendment on the grounds it would "wreck the program" by giving ECA no freedom of action in spending the money where it might be needed most. _-____., "I think I may go even further a little warmer this year, McCleUan said. "I Tyraj tpn in the am thinking about requiring ECA to earmark the funds it Is going to spend in each, country. It may! be that some countries won't need! any help. And by earmarking the L funds, we can be sure they'll be1 With the temperature in the lower 20's Otto Hildebrand, 35, a Jefferson City, Mo., policeman, swims among the Ice floes in the Missouri river. Hildebrand, who likes to swim in the river summer and winter, says that it keeps him in the pink of condition for his job, and that he hasn't had a cold in 27 years. "It's all a matter of con- he Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) One body was recovered this morning. Army and Navy rescue officials said there was no hope of! finding either of the other two meni alive. The plane hit the water at full flying speed. Reds Hope to Block Arms Aid to France By Preston Grover Paris A communist sabotage attack, aimed at smashing the Atlantic pact and Marshall aid, Is spreading over western Europe. For the moment the attacks seem confined largely to France. But American sources here think the biggest drive ultimately will come In Italy. In France there are two immedi- ate objectives. 1. To prevent unloading of Ameri- can military equipment coming to Europe under the military aid pro- gram. 2. To cripple France's effort to save Indo-China from the commun- ists. Forces -fighting the French- sponsored regime there of former Emperor Bao Dal are viewed by the French government as the spear- head of a red thrust through south- east Asia. The communist operation plan here In France is clearcut. A real grievance held by a local group is inked to a cominform political aim. And the communists have real 'workers' grievances" to exploit. Wages have lagged behind prices. Months ago the government prom- ised to lift the freeze order on wages and permit some collective bargain- ng. The freeze is still on. Buck American Aid The communists have had no trouble getting Socialist labor un- ions to go along with demands for wage bonuses and higher pay. Often the reds have maneuvered tne un- ions into demonstrations against low wages, American aid, and the Indo-China affair, all in a bundle. Communist tirades blame Mar- shall aid for low French wages andj European unemployment. Workj H-BombCan Destroy N.Y., Experts Warn By Howard W. BUkcsIee Associated PreM Science Editor New top Am- erican physicists, nine of them A- bomb experts, warned solemnly to- day that one hydrogen bomb can destroy New York or any other large city. They said using the H-bomb would betray morality and urged that the United States promise not to use It first. The group wan headed by Dr. Hans Bethe, Cornell university pro- fessor, who was one of the leading A-bomb makers st Los Alamos, N. M. He said his colleagues met yester- day and planned today's statement which was made at a news confer- ence. Tvorried Citizens' Bethe added that they had Rehiring Order Hailed With Enthusiasm President Williams Hopes 1950 Business Will Justify Program One hundred men have been called back to work in the car de- partment of the Winona shops of the Chicago and North Western railroad. Twelve will report to work Mon- day morning, and In ten days to two weeks the entire group will be back on the job, according to an announcement made today. The calling back will boost the car department force here to about 130 men, and the interrupted gon- dola car building program will be resumed. Since last May the car depart- ment has been down to about 30 men, who have been performing only light maintenance work. The rehirlng announcement, madt In Chicago by Railway President R. L. Williams, was greeted with en- tousiasm here, by shop workers and >usinessmen. Factor In Unemployment BiM Said Association of President Boy T. Patneaude: "In the last eight months, North Western car department hers has been on a maintenance basis; and its layoffs, coupled with a re- duction in employment in several other industrial groups, has sent our unemployment up. "Today's announcement that re- liring will begin Immediately good news to the men who work there and to the community. It is an important gain, and we appre- ciate greatly this action of the North Western railway. It Is particularly Important because of the current unemployment situation In Winona." An Association of Commerce com- mittee conferred with Mr. Williamm In Chicago about the matter Jan- uary 25 and were assured at that time that he would look Into Winona situation. In Chicago, Mr. Williams said the men will be assigned immediate- ly to freight car repair and rebuild- ing operations, resuming the pro- gram which had been interrupted several months ago by decrease in railroad revenues. The restored program at the Wi- nona shops calls for rebuilding gon- dola cars, repairing Hart selective cars, rebuilding caboose cars, repair- ng box cars and wheel transfer cars and installation of type AB air- brakes on freight equipment. The railroad also will institute an In- tensive campaign to "up-grade" box in one edition listed th 0, them to the j Paris area. Communist leaders well-known in between heavy rainstorms from its Prance have been sent as shock base at Roosevelt road, carrying troop organizers to the mam cen- 500 pounds of equipment for use in ters of the country. Dock workers amphibious maneuvers. It crashed at Marseille, always a trouble spot, a few minutes later two miles north- east of the U. S. naval station here. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Generally Sunday. LOW tonight ten in the city, five in the country. Highest Sunday afternoon 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24! ____ no further plans for action and that they acted today as......' zens." The scientists said: refused to load ships carrying arms and men to Indio-China. Supplies for the troops in the Par East often arrive sabotaged. Responsible sources in Paris say the red attacks will be met by the sternest kind of governmental ac- tion. Quick arrest of agitators in a recent communist-inspired strike at the St. Nazalre government air- craft factory broke the back of that stoppage. Troops already have been used to 12m today: 34; minimum, lload cargoes intended for French m_j uc Maximum 34' minimum fighting In Indo-China. used'for the purpose which ECA 23 Vincent Auriol has de- sets tonight at sun rises to-Islared-that supplies will be delivered b to the men fighting communists Ho claims. Hoffman and Aoheson have been called to testify February 21 be- fore a joint meeting of the Sen- ate foreign relations and the House foreign affairs committees. But before their public appear-j ance, Connally said, they win] come to the Capitol to give law-i makers a report on the recovery program behind closed doors. morrow at Ichl-minh's forces, regardless. "We believe that no nation has the right to use such a bomb no Mr. Williams expressed the that business conditions in 1950 would Be such that they would not again adversely affect the car re- pair program. "The scope of activity of any rail- road depends on the use of Its ser- vices by the said Mr. Wil- 'worried citi- Uams. "There is no surer way to narrow that scope than for the mblic to turn to competing forms if transportation. The reverse also lolds true In that as the public Increases its use of railroad trans- war I portation, by doing so it makes it of extermination of Possible; for the railroad to main- but. a means whole populations." "We shall not have a rnonoply. The Russians will be'able to make one, too. They will probably need a shorter time. "We must remember that we do not possess the bomb but are only developing it and Russia has re- ceived, through indiscretion, the most valuable hint that our experts believe the development possible." Bethe said the "indiscretion" was recent widespread publicity about our H-bomb plans. The statement said there is as much difference between our pre- sent A-bomb and the proposed H- bomb as there is between a block buster and an A-bomb. tain, full employment of its forces and make improvements where nec- essary, from all of which the com- munities the railroad serves de- rive substantial benefit." Before lay-offs began late last May, the car department was em- ploying about 185 men. About tile same time, the motive department was cut from about 135 to 70 men, but it is back now to a force of about 100 men. years have, to put it mtld y lost. before grant- ed the birth of the said Dr. Guidotti. "Both were very delight- ed it was a boy. They seem very much in love and very happy." The doctor said Ingrid and years w pm u H jia.j JOM f h now expected their enthusiasm. In the last three-! next week in Juarez month reporting period, for exara-j Mexico pie. the Republicans reported ex-! actly one large individual contrl-j Baby American Citizen bution S2.000 from E. Roland1 Sotis said he had not yet check- j Mexican divorce. Harriman plus slim pickings of.ed the Italian law for He described Ingrid as "one of a few hundred dollars or so from-but that the baby would take the; the happiest mothers I have ever such standbys as Winthrop nationality of his legal'known." drlch, of the'chase National father. Dr. Lindstrom. The lawyer j In Hollywood the first shock of and John Schiff. of Kuhn-Loeb. j added the child, because he was; the news had worn off slightly but, Contributions to the national born in Italy, could apply for one talked about anything else. SkelWs Ex-Wife Robbed of Hollywood Red Skelton Billion-Dollar Excise Tax Cut Gains Favor in House By Francis M. Le May Washington Proposals to told police today that a burglar cut excise taxes as much as 3f the the administration sellini would be married "immedl-'had taken more than worth! instead of ately" after the granting of her! of jewelry silverware from by tl h PX wife's apartment and committees do not, of course, tell an citizenship at the age of 21. the whole story. Many of those Miss Bergman has ten days in They Were even speculating on someone had ripped a screen offljj, the House today. Democratic support Ms own home. "Maybe the tax boys are mad at my he quipped. The comedian said that Mrs. Ed- na Sfcelton Borzage, his producer- writer who last year divorced Dir- whether Miss Bergman could get ector Frank Borzage, returned to who have been "nigsrardly with the which to register the chubby In-Jback into the United States with- Republican committee "have un-jfant in Rome's vital statistics red tape, since it Vas not a French door jimmied open. doubtedly been generous, for j known whether she had renewed ample, to Senator Robert A. Ts.fi The baby, meanwhile, does noth-'her re-entry permit dated to Jan- or other favorites. Yet making but eat, eat.' luary 26. 1949. such allowances, it is still clear; "That's about all that fat little! The only people in Hollywood who that a powerful, aggressive said Gullia Favoret- tion of American business is Ingrid's private nurse at the betting on the Democrats. (Villa Margherita clinic here. her apartment last night to find weren't saying anything publicly Skelton reported the thief Ignor- ed a Boston bulldog tgok a diamond wrist watch, a diamond! bracelet and silverware. "That Red said were Ingrid's husband and the two j scornfully, "he must have held the lawyers representing both of them. I flashlight for the, burglar." Some of President Truman's most constant followers joined in a drive for more and deeper reduction In the wartime levies. They included some Democratic members of the tax-writing ways and means committee and a quick check indicated that the bloc, with Republicans expected to vote solidly for larger cuts, may take control and write their own ticket. They proposed to add or more to the proposed specified reductions by cutting the taxes on such things as theater tickets, local! telephone bills, and cameras and other photographic equipment. In outlining the administration's tax program in detail yesterday, Secretary of the Treasury Snyder called for higher taxes on corpora- tions, estates and gifts, and the plugging of what he .called loop- holes In the present tax law. Snyder figures those increases would offset the proposed excise reductions and bring in net additional revenue of about The lawmakers showed more im- mediate interest in the proposed ex- cise cuts than they did In the tax- boosting features of the adminis- tration's program. The ways and means committee has IS Democratic and ten Repub- lican members. Three of the Demo- crats came out firmly today for more reductions. One of HMOS three, Representa- tive Young said he was disappointed by the restrictions pro- posed on the excise taxes reductions. "I think the
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