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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1950, Winona, Minnesota WARMER TONIGHT, SNOW THURSDAY SEE'INSIDE VOLUME 49, NO. 276 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 11, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Defenses Of Nation Denuded By and Stewart Alsop Is a little hard to convey, to a naturally peaceable people, the real meaning of the de fense "economies" In the Presi- dent's new budget. This Is particu- larly true when the secretary of defense himself publicly asserts that defense savings are being "made without any reduction In our state of as! Louis Johnson recently told the National Manufacturers' assocla tlon. Fortunately, however, there Is one very easy way to show whai a gross deception Is now being practiced. Consideration has re cently been given to revising the capabilities plan of the Joint chiefs of staff, to provide for withdrawal from Japan, Okinawa and perhaps the Philippines In case ot war This Is how far we have come, under Louis Johnson's "economy" program. THE PROCESS OF Impairment of our security began In the au- tumn of 1948, when President Tru man rejected the pleas of the late Secretary of Defense James V Forrestal, to Implement the Jolni chiefs' requirements plan. The J C.S. requirements plan, is what Is name plan setting forth the minimum requirements for ful- ly defending this country and the free world from potential Soviet aggression. This decision of the President's threw us back, defense-wise, on the joint chiefs' capabilities plan This plan Is also what Its name J.C.S. plan for doing the best we can with what we have. In event of sudden war. The available American combai strength, present and In prospect, Is being progressively whittled away by Johnsonian thus the capabilities plan has to be continuously revised. As re- ported In this space, all hope of holding In the Mediterranean was sacrificed some time ago. Our naval weakness In the Paci- fic has now caused the wartime fate of our garrisons In Japan and Okinawa to be called in question (which makes Secretary Johnson's project for a Formosa adventure look pretty Our Pacific Navyi Is hardly stronger than at the time Formosa Policy Dr. Walter Lutheran Hour Dead Dr. Walter A. Maler St. Rev. Dr. Walter A. Maier, 56, conductor ol the jutheran radio hour, died today. His death followed a fourth heart attack in less than two weeks. Since 1935 he had been widely known. "for his radio programs. The of Pearl Harbor. This might hour program Is heard over radio stations throughout matter, since there is no .Japanese world eacn Sunday afternoon. It is transcribed in 36 languages navy to oppose us. What is really far worse is the fact that only the smallest beginning Is be- ing made on the task of combat- ting the new, high-speed, radar- proof German submarine which the Soviet Union Is building in quantity. IT IS TRUE that Admiral For- rest Sherman has sensibly concen- trated his effort on improving the Navy's antisubmarine capabili- ties, which are now hopelessly In- adequate. But the task is enor- mous, and enormously expensive. It cannot possibly be done, on any important scale, within the frame- work of the Defense department's "economy" policy. Meanwhile, al- though the current talk of hun- dreds of German-type Soviet sub- marles is undoubtedly exaggerat- ed, all intelligence reports suggest British General Election Set for February 23 for foreign broadcasts. (Thousands of listeners in the Wlnona area Lewis Orders Miners Return To Pits Monday Idle In 7 States During Strike Washinjrton John L. Lewis today ordered striking coal miners to go back to a three-day work week Monday. These miners had quit their Jobs in seven states refusing to work even the three days weekly per- mitted by Lewis in his "cold war" with mine operators. Lewis sent the following message to presidents of the United Mine Workers' districts where miners had quit all work: Will you please transmit to our members' who are idle this week my suggestion that they resume production next Monday." Some miners have been on full strike In Pennsylvania; 500 in West Virginia, ta bama, in Kentucky, in Ohio, 990 in Utah and 250 in Vir- ginia. There were on strike in H- Inois last week, but they went back to work last Monday. Harassing Tactics Operators have taken the view Jiat this-checker-board strike pat- is part of the harassing tac-, ics Lewis is using in his battle! ;or higher wages and welfare bene- fits for the miners. They look on the three-day work week as a piece of the same. As they seo it, Lewis is trying to cause the operators all the diffi- culty he can without bringing things to the point where the gov- ernment would be impelled to In- ervene. Today's back-to-worfc order may lave resulted from Lewis' appre- hension about the glowing clamor rom coal operators and members f Congress that President Truman ,ct-under'-the-Taft-Hartley law to estore full coal production. Mr. Truman has refused to con- ider the three-day production trike an emergency warranting Britain's Wartime Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, paints a scene of the picturesque town of Camara de Lobos on the Portuguese island of Madeira, in the Atlantic off the northern coast of Africa. He is smoking the inevitable cigar and wearing the gray, wide-brimmed hat that hag become a familiar part of his wardrobe recently. His paints rest on an overturned wine case. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Hydrogen Bomb Crew Patches Flying Arrow's Shell Holes By Wayne Richardson Aboard the Flying- Crewmen patched up this ihell- crippled American freighter todayi __ ._ enough to permit her to limp to differing entirely in principle from f r il___._ buy." Acheson still was standing un- waveringly behind President Tru- man's pronouncement that For- mosa will get no-American military help. Formosa IB the big island 100 miles off the Chinese coast to which Generalissimo Chiang Kai- shek's Nationalist government has Connally quoted Acheson as say- ing that the bases in Japan, Okin- awa and the Philippines, United States would have an im- pregnable line of defense" in tho Pacific without Formosa. That line would run this side of the island. Some Hear Differently Some other committee members said they heard things a bit dif- ferently. "I didn't hear the secretary say anything about an Impregnable de- one member told a re- jorter. "I understood him to say his would have to be answered by the Joint chiefs of staff." Another senator said he hadn't icard anything about an impreg- nable defense, either. A third said he thought Connally himself stated at the committee Manila Friday morning wherejfrom Japan southward through The President, In his budget mes-Madame Chiang and her Okinawa to the Philippines, and sage, called for transfer to another plane Acheson seemed to nod agree- AEC in the 1951 fiscal year. This represents an Increase of the for Formosa. She was accompanied I by K.W.Yu, her secretary, and Yu ment. Nationalist the current fiscal period. But the president said the estim- ated 1951 expenditures include in- bassador to Italy. Madame Chiang arrived here yes- terday after a "rough" flight over am- Rey< Q Elected Iowa Bishop ment besides production of weap- ons. "The United he said, "is seeking both to develop atomic en- welcomed the Flying The President could always, of course, call for a special appropria- tion later on for producing a hy- drogen bomb. And it could be masked, as were funds for the war- time A-bomb project, for security reasons. Arrow. Bemidji Coldest Spot in State, -24 Biting cold visited Minnesota last night bringing drops in tempera- ture up to 43 degrees. The low in Winona during the night was after a high of 15 Tuesday and 42 on Monday. Bemidji again was the coldest spot in the state during the night, the mercury sliding from a nigh of 18 above to a low of 24 degrees be- low zero. In Duluth temperatures dropped from 30 above to 13 below.: International Falls, on the ex-j treme northern border, had Alexandria and St. Cloud At Rochester, in southern Minne- sota, the mercury also slipped down- ward 43 degrees from a high, of 38 yesterday to a low of five below. Willmar had a low of 12 below and the Twin. Cities nine below. S. Army officials, Decision in Making There has been published specu- lation that the President is now weighing the matter of deciding whether to recommend trying to build such a superbomb. This spec- ulation has it that he will make his decision, one way or the other, before February 15, the date when! David Lilierithal steps down as I chairman of the AEC. If such a decision is to be made, Representative Cole (B.-N.Y.) told a reporter today, it should up to the American people. "The implications of such a de-i including Lieutenant General Al- bert C. Wedemeyer, Sixth Army commander. She handed newsmen a prepared statement saying "The American people do not know the truth. They have been deceived by propaganda beyond anyiMng ever set before a nation. "When the American people know the truth through their ocratic press and radio; know that they have been deceived and that the communist peril Is as great for them as for China, righteous wrath will sweep away these con- cepts." Earlier she said China would never be a puppet of the Soviet empire. She declared: "Slowly, step by step, we shall wipe out the red ink of the map hours ending at 12 m. today: makers." Two Timms Involved i.e Mt Highway Mishap 16; minimum _J; noon, 16; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at ___ TEMEPATDEES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Bemidji _ Automobiles structive force, If what we bv Donald F. Timm of Lake Timrn, Kellogg, were involved in the unusual mishap heard of its potentialities are Cole said, "stagger the im- agination. The implications are so great that no one man or even the Congress, should decide If the hy- drogen bomb should be built. The final decision must be made by the American people." Cole, who is a member of the joint Souse-Senate committee on atomic energy, added however, that his only knowledge of the ninted hydrogen bomb comes, from what he has read in the daily press. He proposed that in order for the people to form a judgment, every- thing that can be told about the bomb should be made public., Duluth 30 International Falls. 6 Mpls.-St. Paul .....30 Rochester which occurred on highway 61 near the Red Wing state training school. The Lake City resident told police another machine forced his auto- mobile off the road, causing it to crash into a power line pole. The pole fell and wires dangled on the highway. Police directed traffic as linemen were called to repair the damage. Elmo Timm approached in his car and drove onto the live wires. ar- rested on a careless driving charge and released on bond. St. Paul's church In DCS Moines, Iowa, was elected at a special con- vention yesterday as the new Epis- copal bishop for Iowa. Mr, Smith, a graduate of Kala- mazoo (Mich.) college, succeeds the late Bishop E. L. Haines. Mr. Smith came to Des Moines in 1943 from Grace church, at Ponca City, Okla. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and cloudiness and wanner tonight; low- est 15. Thursday .cloudy, occasional flurries of snow, turning colder Thursday night. High Thursday afternoon 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 18 -24 -13 -23 -9 -5 -15 -12 39 14 14 9 24 37 71 60 45 30 34 46 -21 -18 The ..........-13 -25 38 St. Cloud .........23 Willmar 15 Abilene 57 Chicago ...........52 Denver ............44 Des Moines .......44 53 57 74 New Orleans ......76 New York 57 Seattle Phoenix Kansas City Los Angeles 42 61 Washington.......70 Edmonton .........-13 .03 .01 T .02 .41 .24 .02 .10 .03
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