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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1950, Winona, Minnesota CLEARING TONIGHT, CONTINUED COLD READ FAN FARE ON SPORTS PAGE VOLUME 49, NO. 270 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 4, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Truman Cites Prosperity In Asking New Taxes Truman Program at a Glance Washington in brief, are President Truman's major recommendations t o Congress in his State of the Union message listed in the order used by the President: MILITARY Continue se- lective service, which is still on the books although no men are now being drafted. Atlantic pact defense plans. Keep the European recovery plan going without "crippling" it. Join the international trade organiza- tion. Pass pending measures to put into effect the "point four" program of American technical and financial aid to underdeveloped nations. the loop- holes in the Clayton act which permit monopolistic mergers." The President promised to send Congress later "a series ol proposals to strengthen the antlmonopoly laws, to assist small business, and to encour- age the growth of new enter- prises." LABOR Repeal the Taft- Hartley law and replace It "a law that is fair to all and in harmony with our Ideals." Set up a labor exten- sion service to encourage edu- cation In labor relations. mandatory price supports lor products which are major sources of farm Income and are not ade- quately covered. Pass the Brannan farm plan with its system of production pay- ments. HOUSING Provide hous- ing for middle-income families by authorizing co-operatives and other nonprofit groups to build dwellings such families can afford. Extend federal rent control another year. POWER Offer public pow- er in such regions as New England. Approve the St. Law- rence seaway and the Colum- bia Valley administration. SCIENCE Complete ac- tion on the bill to set up a national science foundation. HEALTH AND Increase the benefits and ex- tend the coverage of old age and survivors' insurance. Do the same for the unemploy- ment compensation law, as well as improving its opera- tion. Remedy the shortage of doctors, nurses, public health- services. "Establish a system of medical insurance which will enable all Americans to afford good medical care." Provide federal assistance to the states for education. CIVIL RIGHTS Enact the full civil rights program pro- posed previously (it Includes antipoll taX legislation, an an- tilynching bill, and em- ployment practices law.) Grant statehood to Alaska and Hawaii. Give more self-govern- ment to American island pos- sessions. Accord home rule to the District of Columbia. DISPLACED PERSONS "Extend and broaden the ex- isting displaced persons law and remove Its discriminatory features." TAXES "Make some changes in our tax system which will reduce present In- equities, stimulate business ac- tivity, and yield a moderate amount of additional reve- nue." The President promised specific recommendations "at an early date." man asked Congress today for a "moderate amount" of new taxes and called again for the domestic program he dubs the "Fair Deal." In a "State of the Union" message, Mr. Truman told the legislators the country is good shape prospering- at home Hansen, Chicago, which is aimed and succeeding in its foreign poli- cies at checking communism. But this is not time to rest on past achievements, the President said. He urged Congress to go ahead with expansion of social se- curity, the Brannan farm plan, his civil rights program, and compul- sory health insurance. Mr. Truman called, too, for con- tinued United States aid to other nations opposing communism. He addressed a join Senate-House session in .the newly-renovated House chamber. Seated.in a special reserved section of the chamber were 28 diplomats, including Soviet Ambassador Alexander S. ktn. Higher Corporation Levy May Be Asked By Sterling Green Washington President Truman, promising to provide the "quickest and safest" cure for federal deficits, today made more likely the possibility of a new White House drive for higher corporation taxes. Evidently resigned to another year or more of red Ink, Mr. TrumSn said he shortly will ask Congress for tax changes which, while allowing for certain cuts, will furnish a "moderate" rise in total revenue. Other officials promptly Inter- preted the guarded language of his State of the Union message to Congress in this way: The Presldent wants to lower some excise taxes, like those on transportation tickets, freight and! possibly some commodities. But1 he hopes to offset the treasury's loss by raising the base rate on TODAY- Could Cost Four Billions By Joseph and Stewart Alsop ERP Aid Needed To Curb Reds, President Adds By Ernest B. Vaccaro Tru- Engineer Urges Sewer Rental Plan lor City Bill for Average Family of Four May Be Yearly A consulting engineer has recom- mended a sewage rental plan to the Winona city council. The rental would affect not only! property owners but all users of the] city sewage system. The plan is part of a compre- hensive report prepared by Greelyi Bishop Fitzgerald Installed At Colorful Ceremonies The address was televised as well as broadcast by all major networks. U. S. Growth Cited In optimistic tones, Mr. Truman said that If America keeps its pres- ent pace of growth its national out- put 50 years hence will be four times what it is now, or at the rate of a trillion (one thousand billion) dollars a year. There was little in the message, read to a Joint Senate-House ses- determining the assessed Swift principally at charges to be Company if it is to dispose its sew- age through the city's disposal plant. But it goes further than that: It suggests a financing plan for amor- tizing the outstanding indebtedness against the plant and system, for construction of a line to connect Swift to the plant and plant ad-j ditions, and annual operating costs.! This Cost plan involves: 1, Taxing corporation earnings from 38 to, say, 40 per cent. And perhaps by Washington The case boosting the estate and gift levies. launching another Manhattan dis-j trict project, In order to build seems at dream of total destruction. this case is being seriously made, at this moment, by important per- sonalities on the highest govern- mental level. The worst night- mares have a way of coming true, Wants Rent Control Mr. Truman called also for an- year of rent control, which June 30, and tougher antl- Yet trust laws. Otherwise he delivered a hands- off business message, shorn of nearly all past proposals for fed- eral controls. He pledged the gov- ernment to cherish "Initiative and owadavs The essential to safeguard the "In- ion must efore be et In brief, it is theoretically feasl- ne cessary to to help maintain the conditions ble to build a hydrogen bomb something like 1.000 times thej He force of the uranium pluton- cent_past: ium bomb that fell on Hiroshima. It may cost anywhere from to billions, to build such a bomb President Truman smiled while exhibiting a notebook containing his "State of the Union" address as he left the White House for the Capitol this morning to speak before a joint session of Congress in the House chamber at Washington. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) rion, that the Congress members nad not anticipated. And the reaction from them was in line with their own past expres- sions on the matters Mr. Truman discussed. property owners, Just as is done now, and 2. Charging users of the system, basing the charge on the amount of water they use. Cost of the connection and plant expansion is estimated at and the total annual costs in the next few years, including debt serv- ice and operating, at Since Swift would contribute about 50 per cent of the solids if connected, Consulting Engineer Ken- neth Hill recommends that Swift pay of the construction costs and an annual special user charge of a year, based on the cur- rent "kill" at the plant. The remainder of the annual charge would be paid by: 1. Normal users and 2. Property owners, in ap proximate equal proportions. Average Charge Estimated Here is Mr. Hill's sample bill for an average user for one year: "The following calculation gives the annual amount that would be charged a home-owner whose prop- (erty was assessed on a valuation of and having a family of four persons: "Use charge gallons per year per year. "Service charge per year. "Total charge, per year. "Per capita charge, per year." Swift would also pay a tax as a property service which would amount to about 350 at the present time, for a grand Swift annual total of about The service charge, based on property valuations, would always be levied to meet the debt service and operating costs not met by the nse charges. Mr. Hill emphasized that the cal- culations are based on debt service and operating costs for 1951, 1952 and 1953, when debt service would be highest, so that reductions could be effected in the years after that' unless other mkjor inprovements were undertaken. He has outlined the theory be- hind the financing plan to the council. Of the total annual cost! of a sewage plant he believes that All House members and one-third of the senators face elections next fall. Some Republicans were quick to can the address a "political" one. House Republican Leader Martin (Mass.) said "It is the same old political hash warmed over in the hope of fooling the people. It fails utterly to come to grips with two "We have met and re- versed the first significant down- turn in economic activity since the the re- needs of the down government spending and UHliUIlT-, wuiiu ovtV'ii n_ u i J V in toe shortest possible space of And he held out dazzling pro- time. The real issue In debate-aspects for the next half-century bitter commentary on the state of i'Today, by the grace of God, we _ [s Island a free and prosperous na- the state of the world such bomte can be sure possibilities for ly delivered to their proper tar- the future i ttan _ any people have gets. ever had before." lowering the tax burden on the American people." Senate Democratic Leader Lucas (D.-Hl.) said Mr. Truman "gave an- other eloquent expression of his hu- and he cited of enduring peace and stable prosperity to which !his administration is dedicated." Mr. Truman's message sketched, HIs -Excellency, the Most Rev. Edward A. Fitzgerald is shown above with members of his party as he prepared to enter the Chapel of St. Mary of the Angels on the campus of the College of Saint Teresa where this morning he was formally installed as bishop of Based on the nation's rate of only in broad terms the new laws a per be assessed against the public, evenj if some of the properties are now within sewer districts. Other Operations "This means an impersonal and more or less indirect, but Beneficial, operation by the works, such as draining away ground water, carry- ing off surface and roof water, and providing capacity for future popu- lations and he says. It is his recommendation that the service charge previously re- ferred to, only be assessed against those properties which are in sewer districts; but, in Winona, few pro- perties now remain outside of i trict as a result of the so that the five per cent charge against the public and the service charge are virtually synonymous. TV, ho hlunt nhnuf it thp vital -tsased on uie nauon s rate ui only in oroaa terms me new "-r0- il Mr' the obvious potential targets.; Predicted ____ _____ to meet with Swift officials LUC V.' U 1 U o i t, v n-31 I J m i t whether for the hydrogen bombl A tripling of Income for of the future, or for our existing' stockpile of uranium plutonium bombs. Great distances, uncertain topography and other factors will nhvaVs make it extremely difficult to hit targets In Russia with rea- sonable accuracy. And the. chief attraction of the hydrogen bomb is tiat it will reduce the premium on accuracy in any bombing at- tack. THIS IS SIMPLY because such a bomb should theoretically devas-j tate an nrea of from 60 to 100, square miles, in one ghastly de-j tonation. Hence it should trans- form what would be a wide miss, even with a uranium plutonium bomb, into a direct hit consum- ing a city. Even for con- ventional bombing, this is crucial- ly important. Furthermore, its im- portance may later be increased very by the development of iong-range guided missiles. Provided a pilotless aircraft Is tee type selected, it has been pos- sible to build the airframe of a long range missile at any time since the war. The most talked- about design is a stripped-down, pilotless jet bomber capable ofi several thousand miles of flight, at just subsonic speeds and at very high altitudes. How to guide such a missile has always been the question. In the last year, hdwever, the (Continued on Page 9, Column 7.) ALSOPS will send to the Capitol later a series I agreed to meet with Swift officials I and with the board of municipal Column 7.) worlffl wnich probaDly would be the collection agency for the charges. The system, now in the city en- gineering department, would pro- bably also be turned over to the board. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Snow flur- ries continuing to late this after- noon or early tonight. Clearing late tonight. Thursday fair. Continued cold. Lowest tonight in the city, to -10 in the country. High. Thursday eight. LOCAL -WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 17; minimum i; noon. Mrs. Betty Washbnrn received from Governor Luther Youngdahl today her commission as judge of municipal court in Minneapolis. She Is the first woman ever to be named to the Minneapolis muni- cipal bench. She has been serving as Hennepin county court com- missioner. (A_P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) In The Kobes Symbolic of his new Bishop Fitzgerald participates in the ceremonies of the installation. With the bishop are his deacons of honor. Visiting members of the church hierarchy from throughout the Midwest attended the installation this morning. Blizzard Howls Across Minnesota By The Associated Press Winter let loose with a triple punch of snow, cold and strong winds today landing solid blows across the nation's midsection. The Rocky mountain region still reeled from the impact of the season's most severe weather. The central states and south into the Texas panhandle braced for the frigid attack. Blizzards howled across the Da- kota prairies and into neighboring Minnesota. Highways and country roads were blocked. Airliners were grounded. Hundreds of rail and bus passengers and motorists were stranded in parts of the storm belt. Snow plows in sections of Min- visibility. Winds of 35 miles an hour velocity whipped newly fall- en snow and highway travel in many areas was virtually halted. Snow fell on Texas and the mer- cury slid down under the zero S. D. and -22 at Pembina, N.D. There was another cold front, with snow, in the Pacific north- west. But relief appeared in sight. Snow falls in Portland, Ore., meas- ured four inches. All plane flights were canceled for the night. Rural nesota quit work because of poor schools in many areas were to re- main closed today. It was a different story along the eastern seaboard and in the gulf states. Mild weather prevail- ed and temperatures in some parts of the areas, as well as in the Ohio midc0n.tinent as the cold front 5; precipitation, .10 (two inches of mark in the Lone Star state. And river valley, climbed to new highs the mercury tumbled sharply over "-1-- sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 13. This Is a 25-Cent Week Since no paper ww published New Yeair's day, Repnbllcan- Herald carriers wfll collect for only five days or 25 cents this weekend from all re- ceiving their papers br carrier. mountaln Tegion moved across the Great Plains. Cold Moves Eastward The cold mass moved slowly eastward through the Great Lakes region and southward through Tex- as. Sub-zero re-adings were report- ed in the northern plains, the1 for the date yesterday. In at Havre, Mont., was the high yesterday Republican-Herald the Diocese of Winona. Bishop Fitzgerald Is flanked by his two deacons of honor, the Rt. Rev. Donald A- Cunningham, left, and the Bt. Rev. Robert E. Jennings, while officers of the Installation includ- ing the bearers of the crosier, book and mitre, follow. Archbishop Here For Services at College Chapel By Gordon Holto At traditional ceremonies attend- ed by foremost members of ths Catholic hierarchy from throughout the Midwest, His Excellency, tho Most Rev. Edward A. Fitzgerald. D. D., this morning was installed as the fourth bishop of the of Winona. With the reception of the crosier or shepherd's His Ex- cellency, the Most Rev. John Gre- gory Murray, D.D., archbishop of St. Paul, the 56-year-old lowati was commissioned as the spiritual leader of the Catholics re- siding In the Winona diocese which embraces 20 counties. The formal Installation ceremon- of the most colorful and impressive of Catholic liturgical at a. m., today with the solemn procession of mem- bers of the clergy and officers of the installation from the assembly point In Laurdes hall to the Chapel of St. Mary of the Angels on the College of Saint Teresa campus for the Installation observance. Snowy Wind Their colorful garments tossed by a brisk, snow-laden wind, the ec- clesiasts walked the 50-odd yards to the chapel escorted by fourth- degree members of the Knights of Columbus. Led by Leo C. La France, the fourth-degree Knights took stations at the entrance of the aisle leading to the altar of the chapel and form- ed an arch with their swords under which the first members of the pro- cessional began the walk down the aisle. The entire al- most 300 entered the chapel through the south entrance to the right of the altar, proceeded to the rear of the church and marched down the aisle to their places in the chapel. First seated were the group of Christian Brothers from St. Mary's college and Cotter High school who were followed by the members of 500 at Banquet Feting Bishop After Installation (Full texts Consignor Kale's toast and Bishop Fitzgerald's response will be found on page 7.) ____ In the presence of archbishops, bishops, abbots, priests and lay leaders of the Catholic church, andj the clergy from the Dubuque and civic, business, church and edu-iother dioceses outside Winona, cational leaders of Winona, His Excellency, the Most Rev. Edward _______ A. Fitzgerald, D.D., was feted atjnors were followed by a group of noon today at a banquet on visiting bishops and four arch- occasion of his installation as bishops. Visiting Bishops The diocesan priests and monsig- fourth bishop of the Winona Cath- olic diocese. The dinner was held In the din- ing room of Lourdes hall at the College of Saint Teresa which was decorated in festive attire. Five hundred persons attended. A tribute to the "line of dis- tinguished and noble bishops" who The procession ended after Arch- bishop Murray and his party had taken their places to the left of the altar. Each of the officers of the in- stallation and the members of the clergy in attendance were garbed in the official habits of their offices and Archbishop Murray's train was auu .UULUC as navre, waa 23 belowlhave left their mark on this area born by two youngsters clotted in zero. But that was not the coldest and to those men who preceded j traditional knee-length breeches spot in Montana. The mercury as Bishop of Winona, white stockings. Bishop Fitzgerald to an _ Preceding_ 50 below at Chester. Sub-zero temperatures were gen- eral today over Montana, the Da- kotas, Nebraska, Minnesota and parts of Iowa. Colorado Wy- oming also had sub-zero -peather. address after the banquet. were the bearer of the Metropolitan, UiCOJ ____ come among you to be a co- cross-symbolic: of his worker with you for the greater and honor and glory of he said. "I come not to be ministered un- of the north central states tonight. Coldest spots early today includ- ed 31 below at Minot, N. D, -30 at Moorcroft, Wyo.; -27 at Philip, Julius W. Haun, chapel altar which was unadorned Freezing rain or sleet preceded! The Rt. Rev. Julius w. aauu, (Continued on Pare 3, Colnmn 7.) (Continued on Page 13, Column 4.) (Continued on Column 2.) CTrro-u I XM BlBBUr STORM 500
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