Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 14, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLD TONIGHT, WARMER THURSDAY GIVE TO THE GOOD FELLOWS VOLUME 49, NO. 254 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 14, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES TODAY- American Defenses Imperiled 30 Killed in Sioux City Blast U. S. Defense Bill 20 Billions Yearly By Joseph and Stewart Alsop discussion of a' new approach to international con-j trol of atomic energy, now going on; among the highest American pol- icy makers, may well come to] nothing in the end. Yet it at least, that the somber new situa-j By steijjag R Green tlon created by the explosion of the) Committee for Economic Development (CED) Soviet atomic bomb Is beginning! estimated today that national security will cost at least a to be taken seriously. This alone for years to come. In the face of this costly cold war defense, it urged definite action to; (i) safeguard civilian supremacy in the republic, (2) Strengthen ---------------------.long-range security and (3) Protect 'individual freedom. 16 Missing As Ship Explodes, Burns at Sea Miami, Fla. A Coast Guard The CED, an organization of .business executives, said the estimate on the annual cost of security for the next several years embraces several items. Mili- tary defense is the big one, followed by rearming of noncommunist na- tions, European recovery spending, atomic energy development, U. S. broadcasts overseas, and much of the government's diplomacy and in- telligence work. One of its principal recommenda- for a transfusion of civil- Biggest Harvest Of Tax Season Starts Today 15 Billions Expected in Next Three Months a great gain over the complacency which was the admin istration's first response to the I news of last September. The current position may be sim-' ply summarized. Leaders of the: general advisory committee of the Atomic Energy commission have forcefully warned that the new sit- uation in which we find ourselves demands a coherent, thought-out; policy. The inner circle of State; department officials has consld-j ered whether a modified plan of? atomic energy control ought to be j piane found the burning! into'the" wholei se- tomorrow, giving toe "government discussed with the Soviet Union hulk of the Dutch motorsWp porosicurity program. The CED criticized its last crack at last year's record high profits. A decline in corporate income tax collections is expected after that, reflecting, lower 1949 The report said that a powerful profits. By Charles Molony Washing-ton The biggest harvest of the tax season starts tomorrow. The government expects to reap tax 40 per cent of annual the next three months. Corporations must make final payments of tax on 1948 income The problem has gone up to Sec- 300 miles due east of Miami today .today's preparedness planning as retary of State Dean G. radioed tersely "no survivors "neither efficient nor in bal- in whose hands it now rests. BUT BEFORE SECRETARY ACHESON can recommend to the President that we abandon the stringent Baruch plan for Interna- tional control of atomic, energy, he must carefully consider several major obstacles In the path. sighted. Sixteen men were missing follow- ing an explosion and fire aboard military machine can dominate the The tax focus after tomorrow the craft. Eight others were rescued. I economy and, unless held in bal-jwill be on individuals, who finish- Cause of the accident was not deter-jance, "can destroy a free mined. omy." A Const Guard PBM from St. And, while urging continued Petersburg said there wasn't anyjstrong action against subversive ac- ___ _ ___ _____ ______________ ____ __ First, there is the df.nger of of other lifeboats1 debris near the smouldering motor- tivities, it called for caution in the 1948 income tax payments last I March but in many cases have something to do about 1949 income' taxes ahead of the general dead-, for paying them next March; ing drawn into one of those bilat- eral, exclusive negotiations that the kremlln has always desired, in which the two giant powers. Bus-' area. Planes Search Area Four Coast Guard planes, two Air Which the two gmni from MacDill Field, sia and America, will sit down to- T the Coast Guard cutter Mo_ and divide the world. Sec- rt SPVM-HI commercial ves gether coma and several commercial ves- ond, there Is the danger of m vlcln an impression of doubt uncertain. f th ty and unreliability, both to the Russians and our own Allies. Third, handling of "loyalty" inquiries. The CED declared: "An atmosphere of suspicion fa- vors the growth of political police. Agencies with power to Investigate sometimes degenerate into organs of oppression and Intimidation. Dates to Remember A calendar of dates to remem- ber: January security In- surance (old age and survivors benefits) taxes increase upon both employers and employes auto- "Necessary investigations Into matically, too, so there is no 1m- loyalty can deteriorate into witch j mediate return to be filed. The chief engineer was among thejhunts which threaten the wholej For D0th employes and Cossacks Storm Winona Activity Group Opens Sale Of Winter Carnival Emblems disorganized by the "new atomic energy policy that is now advocated. The first two dangers can cer- tainly be avoided by caution, in- genuity and firm action. The third danger, of disorganizing our de- fense planning, will be harder to surmount. Indeed, this difficulty is growing every day. since Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson's so-call- ed "economy" drive is more and ship. It was later determined the nvesfora security out- vessel did not sink. None of the abroad and at home, can im- aboard were Identified. o -ro_ aboard were identified. The explosion and fire occurred about a. m. (C.S.T.) Monday. Crew of 24 Twenty-four men were aboard the Doros when it left New York De- cember 8 for Port-au-Prince. Haiti. Municipal radio station WMH at Baltimore and the Coast Guard here picked up first news of the tragedy amorlnnTi up JUSt news Ul Ule nascuj more transforming the American ?esterday. It came from the sh-.rtntlp of atomic weapons _, stockpile of atomic weapons a new Maglnot line. weapons look like becoming all the weapons we have, It is not easy to talk about demilitarizing atomic energy. pose a drain 'on the nation's re- sources and a strain on the free American society, and that It is time to bulwark the country against this hazard! .to its liberties. "Security measures, uncurbeu by the requirements of freedom, can undermine our free the business group said, "Public apathy and the pressure About workers and 000 employers will be affected. January 1 also marks the open- ing of the season for getting re- funds on overpayments of 1949 in- come tax through withholding. About taxpayers will have a shot at a refund kitty expected to amount to around The only way to get a refund will be to file a final Point can lead "u's "turn, thereby b how much of a refund you've got north, longitude T4.14 west. The [in what has aptly been called a the Doros ex-! plodsd, burned and sank. The! weather was heavy, with easterly THE POSITION' In this regard I winds. The area Is in what is known has recently been worsened, the Antilles current, on the north over by the planning that has of the Bahamas, done' since the ratification of thej Atlantic pact. We are committed; to the defense of Western Head Or btOCK Both the Europeans and _ _. are aware that the weapons in D3rn Nr3 state." erred Ammonia Fumes Threaten Town Oakland, Thousands of persons were threatened with as- Position among taxpayers, this will phyxiation from ammonia fumes; be for the first contact with 1949 r J _. _ i._____ Jt 11 IQiO ii-i- C under the military aid this morning as fire in a fertilizer taxes. All farmers whose 1949 in- are insufficient to give! Kand.yohl. A lire' t ut nia come exceeded are required Flashy Mouton Hats Donned by Members Of Sponsoring Club Winona was invaded today by a coming." The" the band of Cossacks, but the invasion earlier you're likely to get a re-jis purely a friendly venture! The Cossacks who stormed into town are merely members of the] Winona Activity Group who launch-! ed their opening offensive for the 1950 Winona Winter Carnival, the fund. January day for filing 1949 income tax declarations (esti- or amending declarations filed earlier to avert a penalty in case the original estimate by more than 20 per cent. Farmers Must File For farmers, who have a unique 14tn of tne We: The the have not much else to offer, we to Western contribution to our Europe's! calf broke oui of the barn and unharmedoy the bla.e. Four persons were overcome and hospitalized from the fumes before to declare the amount they took in. The farmer so doing will not have to pay the indicated tax until Wearing colorful dark green Cossack style caps with a diagonal white stripe, Ac- tivity Group members today opened their sale of Carnival em- blems gay pins depicting a skater next March 15. A law passed this on a green pen-, year lets the farmer Janu-pant bearing the ary 15 declaration if William Krueger. Sr., and his danger was fully realized. Busi- t mate a finaj return and pay- comnouuou noticed the fire from theirlnesses in the area around Third make a tmal retum ana defense in case of war. ims is an Center streets were ail forced (Continned on PaBe 15, Column 6.) other American commitment of aiK B !to suspend. I TAXES going I words 1950." Winter Carnival Nelson family. most unimaginable significance There are several comments to; be mnde on this state of affairs, all of them unpleasant. In the first; place, a measure of general dis-; armament, to give greater security to Western Europe, would probably i have to go hand in hand with anyj plan for'international atomic en-; ergy control. Even so. if atomic j were outlawed, we should j still be called up on to mnke a; more serious, more balanced de-j Iowa City, Iowa E. fense effort than we are mak- Bednasek, charged with the mur- 'nS- !der of his NUniversity of Iowa: IN THE SECOND PLACE, how- sweetheart, had sought psychiatric, ever, there is every reason to several weeks ago, says; lievc that we ought to mnke this county Attorney Jack White. I kind of defense effort in any case.; White yesterday confirmed a re-! is clear from tlio remarkable port that Bednasek. a 24-year-old! nnalvsls presented in Dr. Vannevar; psychology senior at the universi-; Bush's Arms, and Free ty. had visited a psychiatrist. Men ninny lending scientists "We heard a rumor to that ef- think the whole plan for massive, White said. "We checked; strntcgic use of atomic weapons and found out that he had seen; may shortly become obsolete. a psychiatrist some weeks ago.j Now mcrins of defense against A statement by the psychiatrist] bombers, such as ground-to-air said Bednasek had come to him; guided missiles, aye already in the and said he had 'homicidal and su-' prototype sUige. The Russians, icidal impulses." White added, meanwhile, arc working overtime; Later a university official, who to provide themselves with the con-.asked not to be named, said Bed- vcntional means ol defense. The nasck had gone to Edward J. Shc- problem of air attacks on ben, Jr., assistant professor of Russian'targets may well be for advice. Shoben al- forme'd in two or three years' time so is a clinical psychologist on the by Soviet production of jei fighters campus and counsels students as; and the rapidly progressing instal-jpart of his regular duties. i Ution of Soviet air warning nets.: The official said he believed; Yet no comparable nir defense is Shoben might be the "psychia-j being provided for Western Eur- trist" to whom White referred. ope within easy range of Soviet Bednasek had told newsmen that air'attack. Shoben "probably knows more! In short, v.-e have made a prom- about me than anyone else. Afterj ise of a specialized contribution to Shoben visited the student in jail: the defense of Western said he would be willing; which we" may well not be able'to tell of his relationship with Bed-! to keep il a'nd when the time nasek if subpoenaed. He said he! comes. And because of Secretary did not "feel at liberty" to discuss! Johnson's so-called economy, we the relationship with newsmen. are increasingly unable to make; Rites were held yesterday at; the more general contributions to Burlington for Margaret Anr.e the strength of the free world that Jackson. 20, whose body was found this' country ought to make. No Jin an Iowa City rooming house situation could be more dangerous early Sunday after she had spent Iowa Youth Held in Slaying Of Visited Psychiatrist MAYOR CY SMITH, having been duly notified that there f now exists a considerable group of active men in Winona who have been honored in being privileged to wear the green and white of the Winona Activity Group, and that green and white habits consist of a jacket and fur cap, Cossack-style, now direct each of these honored men to wear this cap and this jacket wherever and whenever possible, as a colorful demonstration of their allegiance to the Winona Activity Group and as a flaming announcement of the great WINONA WINTER CARNIVAL, January 79-22, thereby signifying, too, their accept- ance of their assignments as roving ambassadors for the CARNIVAL They shall flamboyantly display this striking jacket and shall not, except under extreme duress, desecrate the green and white by publicly removing the jacket even in great heat and in other uncomfortable circumstances. They shall wear the fur cap, suitably decorated with the official WINONA WINTER CARNIVAL pin, at all times, for it is a thing greatly to be admired. And by compliance with these instructions, they will find favor with my subjects in this great WINTER. CARNIVAL Kingdom and with the CARNIVAL QUEEN. Given under my frosty hand and seal this frigid Uth day of December in this Uth WINTER CARNIVAL year. MAYOR CY (I'M WEARING MINE) SMITH Goal of the Group is "A Garni-1 val emblem on every Winonan." The pre-Carnival activities were kicked off Tuesday night at a meeting of the Activity Group at the Winona Athletic club. Mem- bers of the Group were presented with the official Carnival cap purchased by each loaded with Carnival emblems which will be sold to defray ex- penses of sponsoring the annual gigantic winter festival January 19-20-21-22. Purchasers of the emblems will! be entitled to attend events such I as the Carnival ball, coronation1 of the winter queen, ice shows and other activities in the four- day observance. The dark green caps are of mouton. They were made express- ly for the Winona organization. Mayor Cyril (Cy) Smith, an ac- tivity Group member, officially donned the first.cap inf special conservatlon commission proved a longer beaver season andj general chairman for the Carnival, an increased bag limit as possible decreed that offical location toward better trout fishing. Beaver Trapping Season Lengthened In Wisconsin Youth Passes U. of Chicago Degree Test Republican-Herald photo What The Well-Dressed Member of the Winona Activity Group will wear starting today is shown to this photo taken shortly after Mayor Cyril (Cy) Smith, left, and Dan Bambenek, donned the official 1950 Winona Winter Carnival garb. At left, Treasurer Eugene Kierlin is showing Mayor Smith the poster cards which will be on display to advertise the Carnival emblems now on sale throughout the city. At right, Secretary Leon Stoltman holds one of the colorful official Carnival caps to be worn by Activity Group members. The caps are Cossack style and are dark green with a diagonal white stripe. They are made of dyed mouton and are to be worn with, the Carnival emblem on the left front. Chicago 100 Injured in Swift Co. Building Blast One Side of Five-Story Office Demolished Sioux City, main office building of the Swift Com- pany packing plant here shnt- Itered by an explosion at a. in. today and a high city official esti- mated at. least 30 persons were dead. Walter W. Lindgren, superinten- dent of public safety for the city, made Uie preliminary estimate of "at least 25 dead." Lindgren called it "probably.the worst disaster in Sioux City his- tory." Hear Cries of Injured Lindgren said firemen and vol- unteers had donned gas masks to go into the debris-choked basement where cries of the injured could be heard. A! Wright, city sales manager for Swift who was in the company restaurant in one corner of the 'ive- Istory brick office building at the time of the explosion, said: "There was a big puff. That's all II know." j The south side of the office build- ling was demolished and early re- Iports said the greatest force of the explosion seemed to come on the first floor. Walter Krcbs. a spokesman for the firm, said "There is no telling jw many may be dead or injured." Krebs said a natural gas leak may have caused the explosion. The gas is used in several departments, he said. Cause of the explosion was not Immediately known. Estimates of the dead ran as high as 30 and some placed the number of Injured as high as 200. The office building is a five-story brick structure. The south side of it was demolished. All additional fire-fighting- equip- ment was sent to the scene. Acting Desk Sergeant Howard Jensen of the Sioux City police gave this report: Use Gas Masks "Everything the city's got has jeen sent down there. All the sm- bulances in town, all the doctors available, the coroner, the Naval Reserve and the National Guard. We understand there are around 200 injured and some dead but we don't know how many. "They've called for gas masks. We've sent those on hand here in the department and the Naval Re- serve and National Guard are send- ing some down, I understand. "This switchboard has been flooded with calls from frantic relatives of the workers. "We don't know anything yet about the cause of the blast." Moderate Boosts In Decontrolled Rent Areas Cited rents have increased in decontrolled areas, boosts have been moderate, the Na- tional Association of Real Estate Boards reported after a survey. The removal of approximately units from rent control "has resulted in equitable adjustments throughout the the group said. "Skyrocketing rents, mass evic- tions and other civil commotion (predicted by control advocates" have Chicago J. r-uwmu occurred it 17. has just whizzed through four, ln lhe Madison, Wis. The of college in 30 hours. amazed officials Of the University of the emblem on the caps will be the left side with the green pen- into the white The commission, acting on recom- Chicago said yesterday Edward is the first demonstrate by 14 placement mendations of the department a morc two sportsmen, Tuesday wear their 20 to 45 day trapping seasons and degree." he will begin immediate! mackinaws boosted the bag limit from to work on his master's de-j nant overlapping stripe. I Members also will I plaid green and white (purchased last year. 0._----------- Chester Lukaszewski, chairman xhe season will start next Febru- The tests, introduced at the col iof the Carnival emblem ary 15 and trapping will be permit- lege in 1942, recognize'a student! I announced that the pins will bejted in 49 counties. Supporters of ajfor what he knows and not for "sold throughout the city todayjionger season said beaver were of courses he has taken. le to 11.6 In Dallas and 16 in Spokane. It reported that in many cases tnlwhere rents were increased, owners ;had made improvements in their properties.. In some cases, rent reductions re- 12. gree in mathematics. through the Carnival. An exten-jstroying trout cover BpawninB'students are given the tests sive campaign will be conducted Sounds. la five day period to determine their by his committee and the pinsj counties will have; academic standing. I may be purchased at all Winona :2o_ 'stores, taxerns, bars and other! i business places. available, and restored con- to the rental market, tile JNAREB continued. It said that in two other cities Tampa and complaints con- have Robert Bednasek, 24, State University Of Iowa student charged with the strangulation murder of Margaret Jackson, 20, Is finger- printed in police station at Iowa City, Iowa, with the help of Assist- ant Police Chief Joe DolezaL Miss Jackson was found slain in Bednasek's rooming house early Sunday. Wirephoto.) 14 to 60-Year Term Given in Slaying i Crawford, Grant, Iowa, Richland, La Crosse, Monroe, Sauk, Columbia, Marquette, Fond du Lac, Sheboygan, ManitOTOC and Door. Thirty-day seasons will apply in: Douglas, Bayfield, Ashland, Iron, Vilas, Burnett, Washburn, Sawyer, Price, Polk, Barron, Rusk, St. Croix, Starry, tosefm to to serve from 14 to60 WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER I Official observations for the 24' hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 15; minimum, 1; ___. .noon, 9; precipitation, none; sun Ki i Pierce, Pepin, Dunn, Chippewa, Eau sets tonight at sun rises to- JrErjjClaire, Jackson, Clark, Taylor, Lrn-lmorrow at of Woodi portage, FEDERAL FORECASTS Waushara, Trem- wlnoca and vicinity: Fair and Buffalo. continued cold tonight; lowest near "or more" pernicious. It is to be hop-the evening with Bednasek. A firstjthe brief services held in the home He said i Marto- the "city and five below in eVST, that murder_charge wMjledj- Mt. and Mrs. at atomic eiicrgy control will be against Bednasek in connections. Jackson. [was not Clair Hamil-ilove as Miss Jackson'SiOn our changing world position, sisters of Miss Jackson attended 'limitary hearing on December daughter and a felony charge The prisonerjand the town of Hutchins, Shawano and a- little warmer in the after- the judge, "I will always say I county, will make up the block noon; highest 22 to 25 am innocent of this killing." 'the 45-day period. Additional -weather on Page 17.