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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 30, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT, SNOW THURSDAY THERE'S NO STATIC ON KWNO-FM 97.5 MEGACYCLES VOLUME 49, NO. 242 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 30, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-TWO PAGES TODAY- West Needs Germans in Its Armies By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Secretary of De- Threat to McLoone Charged Resumption Of Coal Strike Up to Lewis fense Louis Johnson's statement! that "the United States has no In- tention of rearming Germany" may be the present. But the fact should be noted that John- son's statement Hies flat in the face of the professional assessment of the Western military chiefs, includ- ing the French. German rearmament has been generally regarded as a wicked project of the American and Brit- ish military men. But the fact is that both French General Staff Chief Georges Revers and Western Union Ground Commander de Lat- tre de Tassifmy, who bitterly dis- agree on everything else, agree on purely military grounds that there must be some degree of German rearmament. Both recently said asj threatened with a new coal strike much to a leading American sena-jat midnight tonight, and only a tor with close French connections. iast minute move by John L. Lew- Truce Expires Tonight, Policy Committee Meets By Harold W. Ward New York The nation was De Tasslgny's view, moreover, pre- sumably reflects the assessment of Field Marshal Bernard Montgom- ery's Western union staff. THE FACT IS THAT ALL the Western military chiefs are con- vinced that the defense of Western Europe is likely to prove enormous- ly difficult in case of war, without German ground troops. They are wholly convinced that the defense of Germany itself is totally impos- sible without German troops. This conviction is underlined by the news that the Russians are now preparing to build a German army of their own in their zone of Ger- many. This military assessment has ob- vious political implications. The Germans themselves are quite as conscious as the western military men that in case of war they sim- ply cannot be defended from the East Germany army and the red army itself by the Western nations. As long as the Germans know that they are totally exposed, there is is' United Mine Workers policy committee seemed likely to avert the walkout. The 200-man committee met here at 3 p.m. and Lewis, whose moves the past few days hpve been shrouded in secrecy, was in New York for the all-important session, j Mine owners were reported standing solidly against any con- Thomas Pleads Guilty to Pay Fraud Charges 32-Year Jail Term, Fine Possible rather than decrease with time This is that the Germans will try to make a deal, at whatever price, with their future conquerors. A GERMANY CONTROLLED by or allied to the Sov'et Union would be a catastrophe which could result only in war or a surrender by the West. The informed French are as aware of this as their British and American colleagues. Yet it Is French opinion which makes the alternative some degree of Ger- man rearmament impossible "at this time." Indeed, Johnson's state- ment was obviously designed pri- marily for French consumption. Here the dilemma of Western mili- tary planning comes full circle. Tha French attitude springs not only from a traditional and nat- ural fear of Germany. It springs also from fear of Russia. While the Russians have been preparing! tract concessions, and there was no indication of government inter- vention. Reports from Key West, where President Truman is vacationing, said presidential advisers appar- ently were clinging to the hope of an llth hour resumption of negoti- ations between Lewis and the op- erators which would permit exten- sion of their three-week truce, ex- piring at midnight. Session Postponed The policy committee had been directed by Lewis' to meet here Monday, but at the last minute the session was postponed until yester- and then again until today. Lewis was busy elsewhere. I Lewis abandoned his old time! policy of "no contract no work" when the miners' agreement with the operators expired last June 30. A short work week and a 52-day strike were Interrupted on Novem- to go back, to work. The truce order was is- sued after a meeting of committee in Chicago November 9. Charles Fischer, 42, of Shelby- vilie, Ind., who was named Corn King of the World at the In- ternational Livestock exposition in Chicago, holds part of his prize-winning exhibit and first place cup. His son, Leonard, 14, was named junior com cham- pion. (A.P. Photo.) The United Mine Workers chief sent word Monday and again yes- :erday that he would prefer to have lis followers mark time while he tried to forge a new contract out of the very cool negotiations which have occupied the soft coal oper- ators and union officials for! Monty Warns Allies Must Protect Europe New York The hub of the West's defense strategy, as viewed by Field Marshal Viscount Mont- ery, must be to protect West- Europeans from invasion and not Just to rescue them afterward. Montgomery, top military man in the Western Alliance, said last night that if Western Europe Is overrun again by invaders, "that is the end of the people who live Representative J. Parnell Thomas (R.-N. J.) today his plea of not guilty to charges of payroll padding, and threw himself on the mercy of the court. The 53-year-old legislator chang- ed his plea to one of nolo con- tendere. That means he does not contest the government's charge. With this startling development, Judge Alexander M. Holtzoff dis-i missed a charge against Miss Helen! Campbell, former secretary to) Thomas. She was accused of con- spiring with Thomas to defraud the government through padding of the lawmaker's office pay roll. Sentencing December 9 Holtzoff set December 9 for sen- tencing of Thomas. Thomas faces a possible maxi- mum sentence of 32 years in jail land in fines. Pending the sentencing, Thomas continued free- there." "The point that is fundamental, months. said, "is that to promise Lewis offered no explanation the West in due course aft- TnAptintrc "Rnt- hp jjer a successful invasion from the is quite useless. The peoples postponing the meetings. Shun Shanghai, Acheson Warns U. S. Shippers Washington State Acheson Secretary of said today Ameri- can ships enter the Chinese block- aded port of Shanghai at their own -risk. He indirectly rebuked the Is- brandtsen Steamship Line for hav- ing sent its vessels, two of which have been shelled, into the area. Acheson also reported that this government has rejected all re- quests of the shipping line for American naval convoy. He said it is not "this govern- ment's policy to convoy American shipping through the so-called 'blockade.' At a news conference, however, Acheson disclosed that he has sent a strong new note to the Chinese Nationalist government protesting the shelling of the Is- brandtsen Line's lin Monday. it1 John Frank- dom under Ms present fective psychological offensive. Their satellite diplomats have been hinting widely that rearmament of Germany by the West would be considered a casus belli by the So- viet Union. Try to rearm Germany, the line has been, and the Red army will sweep to the Atlantic. This psychological offensive has been effective for a simple tea- son. The Red army is still quite capable of sweeping to the Atlan- tic, and every Frenchman knows it. Moreover no Frenchman is yet as direct talks With Western Europe must be pro were reported ed against invasion, and not bond of Rome Holtzoff said that since Miss leaders 24-Hour Strike Called in Italy By Communists Larson Planned Killing in 1944, Attorney States No Mention of Wife's Testimony Made In Opening Statement La Crosse, Wis. (fP) District .Attorney John Coleman said today Arnold Larson had stated publicly ihe intended to kill Dr. James Mc- JLoone, prominent La Crosse physi- jcian who was shot to death two vears ago. Coleman's assertion was made in his opening statement to a circuit, court jury hearing Larson's trial for first degree murder in the doctor's death. The 35-year-old automobile salesman has pleaded innocent. Before court opened. Coleman said the state had agreed tr make no mention in its opening statement of testimony given at a preliminary hearing by Larson's estranged wife; Nola. The defense lias opposed in- troductior: of her testimony, which more, and probably even more deadly, atomic !conccrned remarks allegedly made weapons are going to be exploded by the United States in s. secret ller by llcr nuskaricj that lie had It will be weighty with meaning for Russia and the rest of an A-bomb and shot the pn> Defense Officers In Charge of the new atomic weapons tests at Eniwetok Atoll, left to right above, are Lieutenant General Elwood R. Quesada, Brigadier General John K. Gerhart, Brigadier General Herbert Loper and Rear Admiral Tom B. Hill. Quesada, Air Force commander of joint task force three conducting the tests, led the Ninth Fighter Command in operations from England -during World War n. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Tests of Improved A-Bombs Planned By Elton C. Fay, Associated Press Military Reporter conscious world. A joint announcement by thej Atomic Energy commission and de-j fense department last night gave the place the mid-Pacific prov-l ing ground in Eniwetok atoll but kept secret the time. It said only] that tests are "planned." There was an obvious reason for concealing the month, week or days on which the tests will be made: To foil any attempt by Russian submarines or airplanes to steal close enough to the atoll to make some technically useful observa- tions. Russia now has produced jary 18, 1944. Larson declared in the Mankato, men presence of his wife's family that her were killed last night in the head- 'I'm going to kill Dr. McLoone.' own atomic explosion. Scientists here believe that Soviet bombs are far behind the new and vastly more powerful designs developed by the United States. Foreign Visitors Shunned Apparently no foreign visitors, friendly or unfriendly, are wanted Head-on Crash Near Mankato Kills Three Men who attended their son, two, during j his fatal illness. j Colcman said his agreement to re- from mentioning Mrs. Larson ]in his opening statement did not j waive his right to call her as a wit- jness later. Charges Slaying Planned In 1S14 In his statement, Coleman told the jury Of 11 men and one woman the state would prove Larson plan- ined the slaying as early as ]D44. I said that when the Larsons return- led from their son's funeral Febru- on collision of two autos on highway! .Later Coleman said Larscm wrote 14 eight miles west of here. several letters to the physician and officials of the hospital where the in the making. Murder Trial Of Airman's ''Campbell seemed to have acted as an employe of Thomas, told that.they will be rescued W0uld dismiss the charges it-" I against her. The field marshal, who heads John R. Fitzpatrick, lawyer for the commanders hi chief commit- tee of the Western European un- ion, spoke before persons at a (Waldorf-Astoria hotel dinner meet- ling sponsored by the English- speaking union of the United States. In his address, broadcast nation- Frankfurt, Germany -The jal, Montgomery of Mrs. Yvette Madsen, E "want to charged with the pistol slaying wal" said Western Communist labor called a nation wide 24-hour general strike today in an- gry protest against the slaying of two peasants in a clash with Ital-, ian police. at Eniwetok for tests. the The victims were Lloyd Heller, 34, jimmy, died following an opcr- Mankato, and Thomas Callanan and latiou. In November, 1944, Coleman F. T. Schueller, both of Sleepy Eyelid Larson wrote the doctor that _. Tm now convinced you are res- and both about 19. The accident oc-1 ponsjble for Tm curred about midnight. going to do unto you as you did forthcoming! John A. Krusche, Nicollet him.' !deputy coroner, said Heller was] Defense Attorney Philip Arneson The announcement said "full sec- urity restrictions as required by the atomic energy act apply to all aspects of test preparations, in- cluding: the time of the tests." This killed outright. Schueller and Cal- (reserved his opening statement un- lanan died in an ambulance route to a Mankato hospital. Highway patrolmen were at a loss to explain the accident. It occurred en til the state rests its case. Judge Roland J. Steinle of Milwaukee is a stretch of good presiding at the trial. rigid provisions of the atomic law, prohibiting transmission of secret data to any foreign power, would mean that Britain and Canada wouldn't be in- vited to send observers. This policy would be in line with the previous Sniwetok test of three weapons ir.j April and May of 1948, when none! marks. The communist-led general con- but American military men andj Miss Campbell, had contended at federation of labor (CGIL) ordered j scientists of the commission was the outset of the trial on Monday j1116 strike to begin at midnight to- that every act of Miss Campbell night MfaK linripr "pmnniileirm" frnm The convinced that the United States really intends to help make the: defense of the continent really intends to join In the de-j her Air Force husband] was A three judge United States court ordered the postponement to side by side the menace lit develop." m ,L-lui> iuu.-uu.-j permit the taking of depositions in fense of the continent. The French 6 the beautiful young Brooklyn moth-i If these succeed, he said, "there military chiefs themselves believe that in case of war the British will make for Dunkirk, and the Americans, if they ever arrive at all, for Cherbourg or another port. THIS FRENCH DEFEATISM has In turn undermined the at- tempt to build a defense for West- ern Europe, to which the French must clearly c-or.tributc the bulk of j the ground troops probably atj least 30 divisions. And this is the American government has re-j cently been approached at the high-! est level, with requests for an in-1 formal but firm commitment to the! French. This commitment would be that the American strategic con-j cept calls for the defense of the! continent, and that American forces! will participate, in that defense. The fact is that the question of; rearming the Germans is only a; part of the larger question of de-j fending the Western world as a, the United States.] It is quite obvious that it would] be suicidnlly dangerous to rearm the Germans while the other Euro-! pean nations are pathetically feeble and the United States is gutting its defense program. All the mili- tary experts are agreed that the! first priority must be given tot buiklincr real military strength in the United States and among its European allies. But no really serious effort to do this is being made. And because not enough is being done to give the French military reassurance, it is necessary to make political j concessions to the French. Andi these concessions are in turn dan-j Serous. For it may in the end come a hard necessity to include' measure of German rearma-1 ment, within the larger framework of the Western military structure, under firm western This is certainly at best a darkj and dangerous prospect. But thei plain fact is that Russian rr.snt of eastern Germany will, probably leave us in the end noi alternative to arming western Ger- i many. And it is about time some! plain facts were faced. I had been scheduled for December 12. The court rejected a prosecution move for a sanity examination of j strike call by the CGIL ex- ecutive committee was made de- spite a stern warning by Interior Minister Mario Scelba that the gov- ernment "will not accept a general strike" before an investigation is made of the killing of two striking farm hands. The clash occurred yesterday jever did any real work; that their near Barl, on Italy's Adriatic coast, salary checks were deposited to a government communique said was under "compulsion" from! Thomas due to their employe-em- ployer relationship. Fitzpatrick told the court then that it was true that Miss Camp- beU nad arranged for a niece, Myra Know hfir M1_ nor, to go on Thomas' payroll. The neither The basis for such protection, the Miss Campbell's account in a bank I the men were killed when police British war hero said, lies in and Miss Campbell in I "involuntarily fired a volley from economic recovery program transferred funds to Thomas'1 the defense organization of West- ern Europe. er of two children. I will be no war." bank account at Allendale, N. J, Rubber Works Heir Succumbs Philadelphia John Kears- ley Mitchell, son-in-law of the late Edward T. Stotesbury and former president of the Philadelphia Rub- ber Works, died yesterday at his a submachine gun" at an angry present. Up to now the United States has exploded eight atomic weapons. Two of them were dropped in war- time on the Japanese cities of Hir- oshima and exploded in 1946 tests at Bikini and at Eniwe- tok. Although thousands of persons have worked on the tests One Worrtaa on Jury The jury consists largely of skid; farmers'1 and includes only one j woman. The list of jurors follows: George W. Schaller, Onalaska, Harry Sween, Holman, farmer: Arvey Ffaff, Mindoro, far- mer; Alice Bendel, L? Crosse, housewife; Willard Steinke, La Crosse, auto salesman; Linus [Roehm, La Crosse, broker; Alvin Sprain, La Crosse, fanner; George Streeton, Bangor, farmer; M. G. Munkevy, La Crosse. sales clerk; Edmund D. Bice, La Crossa, lum- iber dealer, and brother of Assem- Sparta, Wis. Six adultsjblyman Raymond C. Bice: C. S. _jd five children fled from their Ciller La Crosse retired railroad (f, OMierSj second floor living quarters and A. Hanson, On- w vr in tn.ltoday as flre swept Armand alaska, rubber mill worker. Arthur N. M., In the maroli's supermarket. Supermarket Burns At Sparta, Loss May Hit Gollnec, of Campbell township, The loss may approximate was selected as the alternate jur- 000, it was estimated unofficially.lor. Mrs. Clayton Derbique, who re-l Larson, an automobile salesman. at Bikini, at sides' in one of the three apart- only people ever hurt or killed were the intended victims, the Jap- anese of the two cities. Nor have I there been any injuries as the re- iraents over the supermarket, dis- covered the fire about a. m. The CGIL ordered a similar I sult of test explosions, strike October 31 after two landless peasants were killed in a. clash with police in Crotone, Calabria, in the south of Italy. I U. of M. Physicist In B-36 Study Unit Washington George I. Welch, University physicist, was one of Minnesota of five mem- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS has pleaded innocent. His estranged wife, Nola, testi- fied at a preliminary hearing last She awakened her husband and mouth that Larson had told her three children, the youngest ambushing and shooting Dr. Me- months, and members'of the faml-JLoone, the physician who attended lies of John Cimaroli and Walter: their son during his fatal illness. Melloh. I Tnc defense since has sought to The 'residents groped their way'Prevent Mrs. Larson from repeat- down a smoke-filled stairway. iing that testimony. The fire started in the base-! I" ordering the arguments late ____________________ ment, worked up through the yesterday Judge Steinle said he Winona and clou-1 eery store and the Melloh apart-jintended to determine how much dy and colder tonight with dimin- ishing winds; low 28. Mostly cloudy, occasional light snow and colder Thursday; high 38. LOCAL Official WEATHER ment, emerging from the roof. Coleman could have in his raged out of control for 90 minutes, j opening remarks, "about this situa- The cause has not been determined, j tion existing between husband and bbarB He the Defene departments suburban Bryn Mawr. He P [hours ending 12 rnday Mitchell, who headed the left hefe yesterday for firm until its sale to the B. F. Good-jas plants where the B-36 bombers! t rich Company in 1929, figured being produced. The group 'si ..j. !the inquiry into the mysterious I studying the role of the B-36 In I Four-H Dairy Foods demonstration winners hold up dishes of ice cream at the 4-H Club congress at Chicago. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) slaying in 1923 of a New York artist's model, Dorothy Keenan, al- so known as Dot King. The girl's body was found in her apartment, reeking with choloro- form, March 15, 1923. Ten days later, Ferdinand Fecora, then as- sistant district attorney of New York county and now a New York supreme court justice, disclosed he would question Mitchell. Pecora said the Fhiladelphian had befriended Miss Keenan and lavished her with gifts. After several interrogations of Mitchell, Pecora said "I still have no information that would support jthe view that Mr. Mitchell was in i any way concerned with the girl's death." Mitchell, who was a nephew of I the late Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, noted i psychiatrist and author, is survived iby his widow, Mrs. Frances S. i Mitchell, a son, daughter and six grandchildren. Car Fumes Fatal i St. Paul Eustis, 47, Idled on the way to Ancker hospi- !tal last night after his wife.found jhim overcome by carbon monox- lide gas in the garage bacfc of his I home. strategic air warfare. Additional weather on Page 18. White House Being 77-Room Presidential Mansion In addition to the loss by the Cimaroli store and the! When the trial began Monday. apartment dwellers, damage was: Judge Steinle denied a. defense mo- i reported by the Monroe Telephone Uion that Mrs. Larson's testimony Company which had an office suppressed. He said the matter 'department in the be decided after argument sunjment. later in the trial, when Mrs. Lar- The building was owned by w. son is called. C. Storandt. He estimated his" loss: Divorce Decree Set Aside at i Tke Larsons' divorce decree re- cently was set aside before it be- Icame final because of improper service of papers upon the hus- jband. j Coleman has not listed a speci- fic motive for the slaying. How- ever, at the preliminary hearing he introduced letters which indi- cated Larson blamed Dr. McLoone or a nursing sister for his son's death. By D. Harold Oliver Washington President and Mrs. Truman are going to have room for extra guests when they move back into a safe and modern White House in late 1951. They'll have space, too, to store all those things that peo- ple don't like to throw away. They will find it expanded into a 77-room mansion with a two-story basement when the repair job about to get under way is finally completed. The present 150 year old structure, to be completely re- novated inside, has 69 rooms and no basement. Engineers disclosed today that eight additional rooms will be built on the possibly for use by guests. In the past this floor has been used for maids' quar- ters and guests who could not be accommodated in the limit- ed bedroom space on the third floor. The third floor is used by the chief executive and his family. Presidents themselves have been known on rare occasions to sleep in the "attic" to permit very important visitors to occupy their bedrooms. So, when the new rooms are add- ed, it may cot be necessary ever again for citizen Nc. 1 to do like the office clerk who doubles up on a sofa to make way for a rich relative. Actual work on repairing the home of presidents will get un- der way in about a week. An underpinning subcontract was let yesterday. The first job will be a demolition one to set ready for the new interior foundation and strengthening the base of the outside sand- stone walls. Major General Glen E. ,Ed- gerton, one of the engineers attached to the renovation commission, said the new White House should last 150 years or more. Congress has appropriated for the whole job. The commission is now con- sidering how to dispose of hun- dreds of pieces of scrap and other materials salvaged from the historic structure without running afoul of the con- gressional dictum that there be no "commercial exploitation." The child died because of a bowel (Continued on Page 18, Column 4.) LARSON 21
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