Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 3, 1949, Winona, Minnesota WARMER TONIGHT, FRIDAY SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY CHEST VOLUME 49, NO. 220 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 3, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THIRTY PAGES TODAY- Dutch Sign Away East Indies Rule By DcWltt Mackenzie A. P. Foreign Affairs Analyst "The day .of small nations has passed away; the day of empires has come." You may have three guesses as to when the declaration was made, and by whom Give up? Well. the famous Brit- ish Statesman Jo- seph Chamberlain made tiat state- ment in 1904 dur-t ing a speech at Bi rm i n g h a m, England. That was only 45 years4 ago. Yesterday the Dutch signed away their sover- eignty to the ricli Dutch East Indies over which Hol- land had ruled for three centuries. These brightest jewels in the im- perial crown, now compromise the United States of a re- public. The natives of these bounteous islands of spices and sugar and rubber and oil are taking over management of their own birthright. Thus has the Netherlands follow- ed the footsteps of Chamberlain's England, which rapidly has been turning her vast empire upon which even today the sun never Truman Demands Fair Deal1 ii A A n i n I n Welcome S. May Buy Pork to Bolster At La Crosse Mackenzie Hogs Selling At Lowest Level In Three Years Producers Would Rather Step Up Consumer Demand By William Ferris Chicago Sam soon: may have to. add some pork meat! They to his hoarded groceries. Hog prices are slipping. are now at the lowest level in more than three years. They are not! far above the point at which the, Agriculture department must a commonwealth of In-! pork dependent nations. The Dutch! farm: move gives us further indisputable proof that we must reverse Cham- berlain's statement and note that "the day of empires has passedjand many other items. But there's away; the day of small nations no meat m tne iarder. Many live- stock traders think the last thing j Uncle Sam wants to do is buy) meat, taking It out of the con- has come." Historic Agreement The historic agreement between By Sydney Mirkin lake Success The United Nations is expected to record an overwhelming majority vote today for a four-power resolution declar- ing Albania and Bulgaria endan-i ger peace in the Balkans by aiding j Greek guerrillas. The resolution, introduced by I Australia, China, Britain and the TJ. S., also calls on the two Russian satellites to stop supporting the! communist-led guerrillas. U. N. observers pointed out, how- ever, that both Albania and Bul- garia had ignored similar resolu- tions passed by previous U. N. as- semblies and that the sharp attacks on Greece made by spokesmen for both countries in the political com- n _, v -L -n- ,M rnittee yesterday indicated they! Port Washington, N. j hafl not changed their attitude. won't be able R' mem. I The four-power resolution also to help hold price for live up the hogs. Uncle Sam's hoarded groceries include eggs, milk, potatoes, grains Solomon R. Guggenheim Copper King Guggenheim Succumbs at 88 U.N. Warning For Bulgaria, Albania Ready Pair Face Charge Of Endangering Peace of Balkans This Is The View that about 25 Winonans got this morning when the President's train went through Winona Junction. Republican-Herald pholo sumer's market. the Dutch and the Indonesians was signed at the Hague. Under the nact which is subject to approval AJ.UVYCVCI, uuic rf the Dutch and Indonesian parti- help bimseif prices continue to ber Amencas mlnmS fam- to "-1 Ey' dled here teday at Ms Spurges to place an aments, the new republic becomes! a sovereign part of the Dutch Com- suae- monwealth which is linked togeth- er by the crown. The union is sim- ilar to the British Commonwealth. On one Important point the In- donesians were disappointed. They had wanted to Include the Dutch portion of the great island of New Guinea In the republic. The Dutch the transfer and finally the matter was compromised on tbi basis that Holland should retain control of the New Guinea territory lor another year, pending-further discussions to Its ultimate dis- position. The eastern part of New The top price for hogs here yes- terday was a hundred pounds. That was the lowest since OP A ceilings were removed October 15, 1946. The old celling Was Campaign Planned Palling prices have spurred meat Interests to action. A nation-wide educational and advertising cam- paign promoting the use of pork will start next month. Charles Shuman, president of the Illinois Agricultural association. Guinea is Australia. of', course occupied by Long Island estate, Trillora Court. He was 88. The multimillionaire copper king was active in the family busi- ness until three weeks ago, when his health suddenly began to fail. His condition worsened early this week and his thrte daughters were called home. His wife, Irene, was with him when he died, and a daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ohre, of Baltimore, also were pres- ent. His eldest daughter, Countess which is backing the promotional! Stewart, was reported flying campaign, says. "We are interest- ihome from England. New Guinea Is the world's third largest Island, so huge that it Is almost big enough to be entitled to the designation of continent. However, it Is such an Inhospitable land that at first glance one won- ders why anybody should claim it. man sald- The island is a wild area, The American Meat Institute, ed in heavy consumption of pork because It means we can -convert our large grain supplies into meat and find a market for our pro- duct." "We would rather depend upon a strong consumer demand than government price Shu- of which is covered with the world's most horrifying jungle. This jungle is a hell-hole, filled with more forms of evil death than poisonous snakes and Insects and plants and man-killing animals. Over a large part of this night- mare, nature has imposed a Turk- ish-bath climate. Aborigines Natives The natives of New Guinea are aborigines, among the most primi- tive left on the globe. How many there are of these people in the Dutch area isn't yet known, for not all of that theater has been explored. Until just before the war fie Netherlands government nad thought there were about 200.000 but then another bloc of 800.000 discovered. Thus the known Guggenheim was the senior mem- ber of the firm of Guggenheim Brothers, and was the last survivor of the seven sons' of Meyer Guggen- heim, who started the family in the mining business in North and South America. He also was a generous art patron, .and had been a collector since his 1 marriage in 1895 to Irene M. Roth- composed of meat packers, up with some figures on retail 6 prices. It said pork chops at re- tail in the basic Chicago arms embargo on Albania and Bul-i garia until they stop aiding the Greek guerrillas. Co-operation Hushed Both communist nations and Yugoslavia, which has closed its border to the guerrillas, were ask- ed to co-operate with Greece in the settlement of differences by peace- fu> means. The resolution underlined the ser- ious view of the Balkan situation taken by the sponsoring powers in stating that the launching of a new attack on Greece would justify the calling of a special session of the assembly to deal with the situation. The Balkan problem has taken up weeks of debate in the political committee, even though considera- tion of it was deferred for two weeks while a special four-man conciliation committee attempted to find grounds for a general set- tlement. The conciliation efforts Sherman Plans To Seek Unity In Navy Ranks Washington Admiral For- rest P. Sherman indicated today that efforts will be made to talk out troubles in the Navy before any more heads are lopped off. The new chief of naval op- erations, swinging into his first full day will on be tough Job, said great" shateup there I have anything to say about it.' "That isn't the way to get re- he told a reporter. Sherman will have something to say about any shakeup because he was handpicked by Secretary of the Navy Matthews to try to bring more harmony into the arm- ed forces. He took the oath of his new of- fice yesterday at a solemn cere- mony in Matthews' suite at the broke j pentagon. He said he was facing f heacof fiVm down and the special committee m i different responsibilities but knew its report pinpointed the blame count on the admirals demand for a final support him. He got a smile, includ- cent. nition of the Greek-Albanian border as a prerequisite to a settlement. Greece long has claimed the north- ern Epirus, a part of Albania. The special political committee a handclasp and a wish for "good luck" from Admiral Louis E. Den- feld. It was on Matthews' suggestion that President Truman tossed Den- int. i t xiuiiuvu tvoasu. One Important factor in the was one of thei major stocked-1meamvhlle prepared to vote on pro- feld out as chief naval opera. price slump is the extreme to the huge Anaconda Copper j cedure for admission new mem-'- of lard, market Company. jbers to the U. N. ness UI 1UJU, mullet, tlUttl.yiOl.Di fc wcia w agreed. When cut down, about 15; The family developed 1 59.nation group has before per cent of a hog goes into in the United States, Mexico if. a serles resolutions When lard prices weaken, packers; pay less for live hogs unless they South America. Guggenheim was calling on the security council tions to make way for Sherman. It was Denfeld who went In as clean- admirals when Congress com- up mtet for aired before liberal the Russian-vetoed ap- uay 1C33 1U1 live uiucoa um.j can make up the lard loss by get- chanties and supported many Jew-j pllcations Hashemite Jordan, ting more for meat ish and non-Jewish institutions. !ceylon, Nepal, Ireland, Portugal, Loose, lard was quoted here yes-' He also is survived by his young- Austria, Finland and the Be- terday at a hundred pounds Jest daughter, Gertrude R. Guggen- pubiic of Korea (south the Air Force and long range bombing were being overbuilt at the expense of the fleet. lowest since Domestic de-jheim, and four grandchildren The Soviet union has slow. The Armyi Funeral services have not yet a resolution favoring admission of mand Is very..... quartermaster corps buys lard reg- been announced. nnnulation at the moment is about ularly for export to occupied coun- 1000000 'tries, but its buying hasn't stem- 'so' why the yearning for this med the decline. territory by both Indonesia and the Dutch? Well, it seems that nature played a tricl: on mankind. She concealed great wealth in the earth of New Guinea minerals and and then set some of her most evil forces to guard the treasure. New Guinea already is known to hold (treat riches, and portions of it still remain to be explored. Moreover the big island is strategically im- portant. In the argument between the Dutch and the Indonesians, the former have maintained that the! By Harold W. Ward new republic won't have the Cleveland The C.I.O. turn- for speedy development to its mounting domestic and New Guinea, whereas the Nether- j world-wide political chores today! lands is prepared to get ahead with; wrapped in 'the newly-acquired Uie job The Dutch also made the robes of a right-wing federation. a resolution lavuriiig aLuiiiaaiuii ui _ _ all the above states, except Korea, 0 buy C.I.O. Debates Foreign Affairs, Domestic Stand oceii auiiuuiiucu.. Albania, Bulgaria, V mr J and the Mongolian Wis. The public republic. Russia has vetoed the commission today authorized the Prairie du Chien-Mar of the nine-western Bridge to sell a FEDERAL in the security at Prairie du Chien for Winona and vicinity: recommends candidates to the city of Prairie du fair and wanner tonight and assembly. They offered to and the state highway com- day. Low tonight 32 in the city, veto if the West would in the country; high Friday five communist state will pay and LOCAL the Australian will be paid by the .city Official observations for the almost certain of issuance of revenue bonds hours ending at 12 m: has been some scattered city will have title to the Maximum, 38; minimum, among noncommunist and will collect tolls to re- noon, 38: precipitation, none; the Soviet measure. Some the indebtedness. When it is sets tonight at sun rises Arab nations have off, the title will revert to morrow at will vote for the Russian state at which time the bridge Additional weather on page be free. The xole of the Political Action i ooint that primitive New Guinea is entirelv different from Indonesia committee in the 1950 and that therefore there is no rea- 1 elections was due for plenty of at son for making republic. it n part of the tentisn before convention adjourn- ment because of the C.I.O.'s ex- So the question of this island is pressed chagrin at the failure of put over for year. Meantime the j Congress this session to repeal the establishment of the United States Taft-Hartley of Indonesia will ease immensely President the political tension in that part of the world. Larson Trial Postponed To Nov. 28 at La Crosse act. Truman pledged re-j but both House and Senate; rebelled. TB international politics, the C.I.O. is joining with the A.F.L. and labor federations abroad in cn-ating a new World Labor Con- gress, rivalling the Soviet-dominat- ed World Federation of Trade Un- ions. The C.I.O. withdrew from the W.F.T.U. last spring because it Congress Battle On Imports Seen Washington major fipht1 complained it was unable to check appeared to be shaping up today; the flood of communist propaganda for the next session of Congress in the organization. over administration plans to in-: Hot debate was expected over crease Imports by several billicn foreign affairs and the intemation- dollars worth a year. ,al from at least some of the] In one of the- bluntest decla- left-wing leaders still sitting in the! rations yet made on the subjeci'convention hall. Harry by a top government official, Sec-west coast longshore leader, is Roland retarv of State Acheson asserted: who wants to continue in the! who is in New York las' "weiW.F.T.U. because, he says, it helps must become ree-'y Import mind-Jin dock strikes to have co-operation PJJ jof foreign crews and longshoremen. La Crosse, Wis. The first degree murder trial or. Arnold was postponed today until November 28. The 35-year-old former La Crosse automobile salesman is charged with shooting socially- prominent Dr. James McLoone to death November 14, 1947. He has pleaded innocent. His trial originally had been set for November 14 but it was indicated yesterday that legal maneuvering connected with Larson's divorce might delay it. Today District Attorney John S. Coleman and defense coun- sel conferred with Circuit Judge Roland J. Steinle of Milwaukee to hear the case and an- nounced the postponement. They gave no reason for the delay, however. Larson, now a resident of Minneapolis, was bound over for trial after his ex-wife, Nola, 27, testified that Larson told her he shot the physician. But Larson and his defense counsel, Philip Arneson, claim that Mrs. Larson's" divorce was not legal and that, therefore, she cannot testify against her husband. They claim that the divorce papers were not served upon Larson in person, but upon his mother at Waukpti. Iowa. The divorce was grantett last June, but does not become final until June, 1950. Ameson has petitioned Cir- cuit Judge Gerald Boileau. to set aside the divorce. If Judgs Boileau upholds the divorce, Arneson says he will appeal the case to the state supreme court. The attorney challenged Mrs. Larson's right to testify at Lar- son's preliminary hearing, but County Judge R. V. Ahlstrom ruled that she could take the stand. The judge permitted her to testify but warned that she not discuss any conver- sations Seld during the time she and Larson were man and wife. Mrs. Larson said that the conversation In which her hus- band told of shooting McLoone took place after her divorce had been granted. Arneson said he did not be- lieve there was legal precedent for Judge Ahlstrom's decision. Assistant District Attorney Robert Johns said the state will contend the Larsons have been separated for two years. Photo by Adolph Waldera Here The President is seen on the rear platform of his special when it stopped at La Crosse. Conductor Co-operates Winonans Eyeing Truman Train Get Hearty Wave The little crowd that gathered at Winona Junction this morning to see the President's train got a big hearty wave. The loyal fans of the President got a big hearty wave from the conductor on the second car from the reSr. At 45 to 50 miles an estimate of a Burlington railroad employe that wave ,was even a quickie. He said the President's special slowed down to that speed because! of the nearby North Western rail-1 way crossover. The conductor, standing on tile! steps of the second car from the; rear, just waved and waved. I No one among the 25-odd women and children was seen to wave back; they were looking for a glimpse of President Truman, but three Greek ley didn't get it. sailors on a nautical sitdown strike "He's probably working on that 150 feet up the aftermast of the speech he's giving to-ifreighter Aristocratis may win their Jast Labor night in St. one disappoint-! skirmish with the U. S. Immigration atPittsburgh and 3 Greek Sailors Losing Fight To Stay in U. S. St. Paul Talk Tonight Climaxes Minnesota Visit By Ernest B. Vaccaro Aboard Truman Train, En Route To St. Paul President Tru- man, making his first rear platform talk since the election, told a crowd at Savanna, m., today he is trying his best to carry out Democratic campaign pledges. At La Crosse, Wis., the President crowded a short greeting and a reception into a five-minute stop- over. The chief executive told a crowd of who gathered at the rear platform of his special train that he was "pleased to see such a great turnout to welcome me to La Crosse." The President shivered in the raw wind and commented that "It was warmer where I came from." Close to the platform were many students from La Crosse Logan High school which had recessed to permit the young people to greet the President at the nearby north La .Crosse depot. Idon't know where all you young people come said President Truman, looking down at the students, "but you are a mighty good looking crowd." State Democratic leaders, headed by Carl Thompson of Stoughton, Wisconsin national committeeman, boarded the train to shake hands with the President. Others who greeted him. included Julius J. Krug of Madison, father of Secre- tary of the Interior Julius A. Krug. The President wore a gray suit and a blue lour-to-hand necktia with a blue pocket handkerchief. Standing with him on the platform were his military aide, Major Gen- eral Harry A, Vaughan and William Boyle, Jr., national Democratic chairman. The La Crosse Junior Chamber of Commerce presented the Presi- dent with a pair of fishing boots. The local 40 et 8, American Legion unit, presented him with an official overseas cap. After the train left, Thompson said the President had asked him about the political situation in Wis- consin and had expressed interest in the Democratic organizing cam- paign in the state. The stop was the only one in Wisconsin. A crowd of several hundred tuin- ed out in the cold at a. m. at Savanna, HI., to greet tfte Presi- dent aboard his old campaign train on the anniversary of his greatest political victory. He carried with him what he jok- ingly described as a "nonpollticai bi- partisan" speech for delivery at St. Paul at p, m. tonight. His aids said It was a renewal of his blasts at "reactionaries" and of his championship of the "fair deal" program for which he cam- paigned in 1948 and which he pre- sented to the 81st Congress last January. They emphasized he will send the program back to Congress again in January and back to the voters in next year's congressional elec- tions. It was a year ago today the result was long in doubt in the November 2 voting that Mr. Tru- man received the news of Thomas E. Dewey's concession of defeat. Many of the proposals for which he campaigned have lailed in Con- gress notably civil rights mea- national health program He started the 1950 Democratic ed visitor commented. I service but it looks as though they 11 She was hoping for a slow train !iose their battle to steer clear of with the President peering out of j their homeland, the window. j A shipping firm spokesman said Another wasn't disappointed in'the vessel will sail to the Orient by the President, but he was disap- way of the Suez canal instead of pointed in Winonans. "There should yia the Panama canal and the three have been a big crowd he seamen will be put ashore in Greece, contended. "After all he's the Pres-JThe ship is scheduled to sail Sun- ident, and we should come out be-j day with a cargo of fertilizer. cause of that. I don't agree with The trio climbed aloft early Tues- lot of things he does." jday morning to thwart efforts to This man is a citizen by naturali- i deport them. The three seamen, zation. land a fourth who has disappeared, Ajgroup of Winonans, numbering Igje members of the Greek maritime perhaps 20, would be in St. Paul forjuujgn oeno which was outlawed by the day for the big parade, the re-'the Greek government in 1947 as ception, the dinner or the speech communist-led. at the St. Paul auditorium. Among The Immigration service refused them permission to come ashore when the Aristocratis docked. Im- them would be Daniel Bambenek, Winona county Democratic chair- ________ ____ man, who had an invitation to the migration officials believe they are exclusive reception. Two hundred not tona fide seamen but are mere- ly -waiting an opportunity to jump enter the United States arc invited to that. Tonight's banquet is more or ___p of a public affair, but the megally. hold the crowd down. Albert Lea Youth Held in Shooting Albert Lea de Rous-; se, 19, faces municipal court ar- raignment tomorrow on a second degree assault charge. He is ac- cused of firing a rifle shot through the window of the home of a. farm girl who spumed his attentions. Because this situation had arisen several times and because the four seamen had been agitators in pro- testing recent pay cuts, the ship's owners decided to send them back to Greece aboard another vessel. That's when the one sailor dis- appeared and the other three went up the mast, refusing to come down and not letting anyone else up. A spokesman for their union said they're afraid they'll be put in prison back home, or worse. wthpeeche and Des Moines. What he calls the "re- actionaries" and "selfish inter- ests" are his targets again. He reached Minneapolis at 1 p. m. for a parade into St. Paul, a re- ception, a banquet and then his speech in the civic auditorium. It is all part of "Truman day" climaxing the celebration of Min- nesota's Centennial. The presidential special this time is a "stag train." There isnt even a woman reporter aboard. It differs from the campaign train in that he Isn't making any plat- form speeches at this time. P G.O.P. Treasurer Quits, Funds Low Chicago James S, Kemper quit today as treasurer of the Re- publican national committee because the reserve funds have dwindled from in 1948 to only He said he Is resigning because he feels the G.O.P. should have col- lected more money or cut expenses and because he wants to get rid of a political policy "handicap" SD he can help elect a Republican Con- gress in 1950 and. a Republican President in 1952.