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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 2, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT, THURSDAY FAIR SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY CHEST VOLUME 49, NO. 219 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 2, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY- U. S. Must Realize Russ Tough By Joseph and Stewart Alsop President Truman has made no formal nouncement on the subject, anoth-' cr fact about Soviet military de- velopment Is almost as significant as the explosion of the Beria bomb. In brief, the intelligence services! of the Western powers, have now proved to be just as wrong about other Russian technical capabilities, as they were about the time sched- ule of the Russian atomic energy program. This means, vory simply, that the remaining grounds for Western complacency are going the same way as the American "atomic mo- nopoly." In 1945, the Soviets had no strat- egic aviation. Their fighter avia- tion was so primitive that even their best interceptors were not equipped with oxygen apparatus. They had no adequate radar warn- ing net to protect their cities and industries from hostile air attack. And their war-damaged steel in- dustry had a maximum capacity of not more than tons per annum. THESE FACTS, in and of them- selves, for a long time constituted a sufficient answer to those who asked why the kremlln, if bent upon aggression, did not use its great armies immediately. Even the confused demobilization of the West, In 1945 and 1946, did not deprive America and Britain of the capability of strategic air attack on Russia. The Soviet union then; lacked even a partial defense against such attack, which meant i that every Russian vital center was then totally exposed to the atomic bomb. Furthermore, the extremely lim- ited Soviet steel output (only about a fifth of the American capacity) meant that the kremlin also lack- ed the capability of sustaining a war of any duration. Thus the So- viet war-planners for a long time faced several other problems ev- ery bit as basic as the problem of atomic development. And the very multiplicity of these Russian problems gave a strong tut false sense of security, even to the min- ority of experts who predicted that the Soviets would rather rapidly devise atomic weapons. It Is part of the record, how the underestimate of Russian tech- nical capabilities influenced fore- casting in the atomic Held, The able director of the British atomic energy program, Sir Henry Tizard, set the date for the first Beria bomb in 1957 or 1958. Dates as late as 1962 were privately describ- ed as "realistic" in the highest quarters of our own Atomic Ener- gy commission, although the com- mission thought it wiser to pre- dict the worst for official purposes. And the worst that was predicted, by the experts who were most nearly right, was the explosion of In 1952, three Steel Strike Front Crumbling the Beria bomb years from now. Furthermore, the same men who Insisted on the validity of this 1952 date, also reassuringly insisted that the kremlln did not have the material resources, trained techni- cians and competent, scientists to solve all its other problems ai the same time. The butter, it was said, could not be spread so thin. Such other problems as devising an air defense and increasing steel output would not be solved. And; even after the Soviets had an atomic bomb of their own, military organization would still re-! main hopelessly vulnerable in er ways. It is this forecast which is now proving incorrect. It is well known, ot course, tha Winona Mentioned col- lisions have caused the only fatal accidents on tbe airlines In the past 14 months. The last previous fatal crash other than collisions was the failure of a wing on a North- west Airlines plane near Wi- nona, Minn., on August 29, 1948. Thirty-seveJB persons were killed. Murray Leading Fight to Bring Units Into Line BULLETIN' Cleveland The C.I.O. convention today expelled the United Electrical Workers, lar- gest of its so-called left wing unions. By Harold W. Ward Cleveland The C.I.O. ruth- lessly began its "red" purge to- day, amending its constitution to bar communists from union control and arranging to bounce the na- tion's largest so-called left-wing union. Walter P. Reuther's powerful resolvitions committee reported to ;he convention it had approved "by overwhelming vote" the expulsion of the United Electrical Workers and the Farm Equipment Work-j ers. I The two unions had pulled off quick merger last week, but itj wasn't, recognized by the C.I.O. The U.E., with up to members, and F.E. with another will be the first to feel the right 'ring ax. U. E.'s delgates, giving up the fight to remain in By Don Whitehead the C.I.O., walked out of the con- combed the bed of the Potomac river I vention yesterday, issued a terrific today for the missing among the 55 men, women and children hurtled to blast at President Philip Murray death from the air yesterday in history's worst airplane tragedy. Secretary-Treasurer James B. j Many hours following the collision of an Eastern Airlines passenger j Carey, and announced it would pay I transport and a Bolivian fighter plane, the search went on under theino more dues to the C.I.O. Relief Rescue Workers look out over the brilliant ly lighted Potomac river at Washington, D. C., while small boats, manned with volunteers, search the waters for victims of yesterday's airliner-small plane crash which took 55 lives. In the background is wreckage of the larger plane's tail assembly, while at the extreme right in the background are the lights of the National airport. Trees reflect the powerful glare of the searchlights. Rescuers had recovered 47 bodies by early afternoon today, (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) WWW Missing Among 55 Air Crash Victims Sought in River Bed C.I.O. Expels United Electrical Workers Union HUP US HE? Good Fellows WfflK glare of floodlights for the 14 pas- sengers whose bodies had not yet been recovered. Shocked members of Congress, stunned by the loss of one of their own number, promised a complete air safety investigation. The Civil Aeronautics board said Its hearings (into the cause of the crash will i start in a few days. The airline Pact Ends Dutch Rule In Indies By Nel Slis The Hajue, Tee Dutch and Indonesian gov- scheduled a probe of its own. The disaster occurred as the big DC-4 transport headed into the Na- tional' airport for landing shortly before noon, flying at about 300 feet. It was a routine stop on the Boston-New York-Atlanta-New Or- leans run. Fifty-one passengers and a crew ol.four were aboard. Visibility was 15 miles. The ceiling That was about as defiant as a Punishment Planned union could go without being spanked, and Beuther's committee took on the task of dealing out the punishment. With, only Harry Bridges of the Longshoremen, Abram Flaxer ofj the United Public Workers, and James Durkin of the Office and Professional Workers dissenting, the 'resolution to revoke TJ. E.'s Republican-Herald photo Aluminum License Plates used on Minnesota motor vehicles dur- ing 1949 have been cussed and discussed because of their inability to take hard use. But now these same license plates are going to be put to t> most worthwhile use. Shown above are two members of the Wlnona Soroptimlst club, an organization which is under- taking the city-wide collection of these discarded plates. Proceeds from the sale of the aluminum will go to the Good Fellows fund to help needy families at Christmas. Depositing a license into a re- ceptacle at a Wlnona garage are Mrs. Sara Goyanes, left, president of the Soroptimlsts, and Mrs. Dan Tralnor, service chairman in charge of the collection. Tuesday was the first day that motorists could mount 1950 plates on their cars. Motorists are asked to help by leaving discarded plates at service stations or garages. was feet. cer waf tdoptwL1Il, Into the traffic pattern, calling The resolution said the U. E.'s for landing Instructions, came ai certificate of affiliation "has fall- P-38 fighter piloted by Bolivia's en into the control of a group de- top airman, Brick Rios Bridoux. Toted primarily to the principles Bridoux was testing the twin-en- the Communist party and op- gine craft which his government I Posed to the constitution and dem- had purchased from the United Ocratic objectives of the C.I.O. States. Warning; Sent Jurisdiction of the electrical and allied Industries would be handed over to a new group, reportedly Sherman Takes Over As Top Naval Chief By Douglas B. Cornell shake-up springing from the military policy row and aiming at harmony in the high command put Vice-Admiral Forrest P. Sherman in as top officer of the Navy today. It was too early to tell whether the replacement by Sherman of the An airport tower operator a barejbacked by fitst Admiral Louis E. Denfeld would bring a smooth, and easy team- half-mile away saw the P-38 ernments tr.day signed agreements to end Holland's 300-year rule of her down on tne transport, rich Eftst i.'.dies colonies. a warning to the _ 28-year-old ident ousted by the present left- Murray said there were insur- .ujuoi, ifiLuni-u. _. _Q attiu fiucitj weie ujau-L- The long-discussed agreements create a new, independent nation [.Bolivian, me Kept coming jrectlons arnong locals against the nnnn nnn Asiai-s. the rermblie of the United States of Indonesia. The! Then the tower frantically slgnai-u ...imfnittroHnT, HIOT-P. of Asians, the republic of the United States of Indonesia. The j Truman on Way To Twin Cities, Talks Thursday republic will be linked to the Dutch led the transport. The pilot swerv- crown as an equal partner in a new Jed the big ship from its path, bu Washinpton Tru-j Dutch-Indonesian, union, somewhat similar to the British common- wealth. Dutch, Indonesians and United Nations conciliators hope the pact will end the four years of war- jfare that have denied the world imuch of rich Indonesia's rubber, sugar, spices and other raw (materials. In a final plenary session con- eluding a ten-week round table con-lfaj ference, the Dutch and leaders of two Indonesian groups sigrned a man headed west at p.m. to transfer day for a ten-hour visit to the Twinjty to the Indonesians. sovereign- the Soviets have remedied of Minneapolis and St. Paul, deficiency in strategic Aviation by Tomorrow copying captured American B-29s. The resolution must be ratified too late. The fighter ripped into it from above and from the side. The air- liner split in half. Bodies and wreckage fell into the water and along the bank of the Potomac. The sole survivor was the Bo- livian. He was dragged from the water with a possible broken back and other injuries. He mumbled to questioners that his "power" presumably his radio in the critical moments, tragedy struck into many leftist administration and there- fore a new right-wing union might pick up virtually all of the present, U.E. membership regarded by many as an optimistic appraisal of the situation for the right wing. Even before the C.I.O. acted, at least one right wing U. E. local went ahead and withdrew from the parent organizaton. work to the top level job of work- ing out the strategy for war. It wasn't until late yesterday that the White House announced Presi- dent Truman had tapped Sherman to become, at 53, the youngest chief j of naval operations in history. Thej formal commissioning was held over until today. But Sherman was one of the ori- airhitects for the armed ser- towns and cities across the nation. Among the dead were: Prominent Victims WHILE OBSOLETE, these air- (Minnesota's Representative George J. Bates] ago to merge with Reuther's Auto'have given all my predecessors.' ow is "Truman Day" at; by the uutch ana Indonesian par- (R.Mass.) 58i father of seven chil-jWorkers, which already claimsj Yet within the Navy and Congress 's Centennial celebration! idren, former mayor of than members in still Is a certain bitterness 6 Persons Die In Cincinnati Apartment Fire Cincinnati persons died early today in a fire which swept through hallways of a three-story apartment building at the edge of tbe downtown district and left them trapped in their rooms. Sev- The Farm Equipment Wjrkersjstaff and is "sure the Navy others were burned or hurt in leaps from second and third story windows. Four other persons who lived in _.....a_______ ginal In Pittsburgh, officers of the vices unification plan. And he told 700-member local 601 at Westing-j reporters after bis new appointment house Electric Corporation's through: East Pittsburgh plant decided] For Unification unanimously to get out. He still is 100 per cent for unifi- cation, expects no difficulty in get- are ting along with other members of I tbe policy-making joint chiefs of staff and is "sure the Navy will bad been ordered nearly a me the support and loyalty they still in the C.I.O." craft will be quite good enough for Soviet purposes, so long as West- ern Europe is deprived of air de-j fense. In addition, ns is much less] well known, intelligence assess-' menu of the new Y.ik rind Lacovin fighter aircraft have shown these Russian interceptors to be quite ns good as any fishers in the West. I Quantity production of the new vict jet fighters is reported to havej been begun already, which is more; than be snid ot the competing British and American designs. In the field ol steel production the Soviet effort is also on the up-j grade. Cnpacity is already believ-; cd to have passed tor.s: annually. The Germans started the; second world war with an annual, steel output under tons. President has a full sched- Here Thursday The special train which will carry President Truman and his party to St. Paul Thursday will not stop in Wiuona. The special is scheduled to leave North La Crosse at a. m. Thursday and will po to St. Paul via the Chicago, Burlington Quincy railroad. The train is expected to pass the Burlington depot at Winona Junction at about .1 The Netherlands-Indonesian and a member of the House'farm machinery plants. But the ousting of Denfeld and tce apartment in the 1200 block on legal bonds are than those holding together the Bri- tish for armed services committee. Miss Helen Hokinson. a native Of; tie in with U.E. Mendota, 331., who poked fun at I i j left-wing leadership preferred to: over the way the whole defense set- limited Dutch and Indonesian suburban clubwomen in car-! operation in foreign relations, de-itoons for the New Yorker fense. economic and cultural mat-lzjne. UJIIISII ters. It also provides for co-opera- Gardner W. Taylor, 60, president tion, "as far as necessary, in fi- of the First Federal savings and Loan association of New York. Theodore Martin P-iehle, 68, j nancial matters. The financial and economic agreement included in today's se- jries of documents gives foreigners ]of all nations equal rights in In- idonesia's trade, economic activity jand industrial development. j The documents also include a j military agreement providing for] withdrawal of all Dutch troops i I from Indonesia within the first six] months of 1950 if shipping space! whose firm is ihe New York gener- (Continued on Page 14, Column 3.) AIR COLLISION up is working. Denfeld was given the boot after summing up Navy complaints when the house armed services committee Elm street apparently escaped without injury. Five of the dead were reported to have died of burns while a sixth died in a leap from a window. Three Concerns Ready to Follow Bethlehem Lead Mediator Ching Forecasts Steel, Coal Agreements Cleveland to end the strike at a second major steel firm, Jones Laughlin, were resumed today with a settlement believed near. At the same time "exploratory talks" began here between officials of Republic Steel Corporation, the nation's third largest producer, and the C.I.O. Steelworkers. Philip Murray, president of both the C.T.O. and the Steelworkers.con- [ferreu for three hours here last i nigh! with Jones and Laughlin of- ficials. Today he resumed his du- ties of presiding over the C.I.O. convention while bis aides talked further with company officers. C.I.O. sources here said they un- derstood talks with Inland Steel Company were to be arranged to- day in Chicago. Referring to Jones Laughlin, one high union official said the sit- uation looked "hopeful." Company Silent Ben Moreell, president and chair- man of Jones Laughlin, and In- dustrial Relations Director Victor Lawrence refused, however, to dis- cuss prospects for a settlement. Sources close to Murray said further conferences are planned with Jones Laughlin this week. Jones Laughlln is the indus- try's fourth largest producer. It employs workers, about hair as many as second place Bethle- hem Steel, which settled with Mur- ray Monday night for the industry1! first a month pension plan. A series of developments here and elsewhere led to optimism on the entire steel down for a month. directors ,of the strik- ing Steelworkers union descended on areas where plants are closed. I Some of them had to leave the C.I.O. convention here, where they were delegates. More Progress Predicted In Washington, Director Cyrus S. Ching of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation service predicted other agreements "pretty soon." Although negotiations were rea- dy to be resumed with many of the largest firms, there still was no sign of a resumption of bargain- tog with the biggest of them all- United States Steel. U. S. Steel, always the Indus- try's pattern setter until Bethle- iliem signed, has offered to try again for a settlement, Murray said yesterday, however, that no direct contacts have been made with the industry's Mr. Big. In Detroit, Great Steel Corporation, with employes, opened negotiations last night but adjourned until later, possibly to- day. Murray, presiding at the C.I.O. convention here, invited all "recal- citrant" firms yesterday to "come on" and sign up. While the rest of the basic steel industry was shut down by a strike, Weirton Steel at Weirton, W. Va., said it set a new world's record for steel production, Weirton Steel, which is repre- sented by an independent union and is not involved in the nation- wide steel strike, reported today It produced tons of ingots in the month of October. Weirton Steel is the world's larg- est independent producer of tin plate, and a leading producer of Set for July 6 a wide range of other steel pro- ducts. London (J) A government gave them an airing. The Na'vy.j ir0njcaUyj the was extin- he said doesn't have a "full Part- lsljed in short order by seen nor-cViiri" in TVlm-mino WICdK. JL.CI1 nership" in defense planning. And before the denials were re-] estimated _ corded by Secretary of Defense! aDOUt j2 000. Fire Marshal Harry McNay damage oniy spokesman announced in the House! Johnson and the top men of the] Qne Oj 'yje was a boy about Denfeld's side. permits. The Soviets arc expected to topped by a 20-minute address The United Nations conciliation i R stcrl capacity of tons; auditorium at which helped to see- in ;ure todays agreement, jr its suc- In short, gap inE; rap- p' icessor. will co-operate in the with- irily filled, except, in the electronic! subject of the address has drawal of Dutch forces, field. Offers by Soviet been announced. Ratification of the agreements by atrcnts to such firms ns Phillips- The Minneapolis end of tbe trip the Dutch and Indonesian parlia- Eindhovcn in Holland show find Mr. Truman taking part ments is expected, though the vote Russia is still very short on radar Jin a parade to his hotel from the'may be close, vacuum tubes. American reconnni-l depot after he arrives by train sancc aircraft around Russia's I p.m. ders h.ive not yet picked up the] Er route to the Hotel Lowry in rndnr impulses that sicnify Paul the President will make! existence of a strong warning net. several stops, including one to visit Yet hero too. recent intelligence shrine hospital. of Lords tonight the British gen-. Army and Air Force, other top off i- years old. eral election will be held next stood up and were counted on Attaches at General hospital re- ported none of the Injured appear- ed to be critical. Charles Dean, a taxi driver, who was one of those who turned in the first alarm, said he was attracted to the scene by screams of wom- 'en. "I could see the he said, "and see people at windows and] all at once fire was blazing of the second and third floor win- dows. It was awful. I saw two WEATHER facts, but they should be faced. Head of Lakes Grain Shipment Mark Set FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Clearing slowly with diminishing winds and for the auditorium. After the speech, his fifth in the fair" slowly Midwest in recent months. Mr. the afternoon; high 40. Truman will start the train trip rnnr ttTriTmrB back to Washington where he is- nuiuut i Official observations for the 241 due at p.m. Friday. Grain shipments1 White House officials said Duluth Grain shipments' White House officials said endme at u m- from the head of the lakes this President will make no platform! Maximum. 62, mimmum, 35, noon, season up to yesterday amounted'talks along the line, but may Precipitation, trace of snow, to 126.P64.275 bushels, exceeding pear u few times when his at sun nses the annual total for the last 20: stops for service and change years with the exception of 1945. j crews In Coal Strike BULLETLV Washington John L. Lewis told the governor of In- diana, today that be Is ready to negotiate a prompt coal peace pact with Indiana mine operators or those of "any other state." By N'onnan Walker Washington for la- bor peace rose today on an indica- tion that John L. Lewis, acting last V the first break in the steel strike, may be angling for a coal strike settlement. It was only I people Jump and I "saw another ia nint-notbing conclusive. at Additional weather on page 14. Dense Smoke And Flames emerge from the roof of the Chet Anderson Auio Wreckage and Farm Implement Company at Marinette, Wis., during the height o[ the fire yesterday. High winds spread the fire to two adjoining houses, one of which was destroyed. Anderson estimateu his damage at more than Wirsphoto to The Republican-Herald.) ]man get to another building by j walking around a ledge on an up- per floor window. "Someone probably saved his life because they shouted to him not to jump. "That fire really billowed out those windows in a hurry." At General hospital, the Identi- fied dead were listed as: Coy Shelton, Athens, Tenn. William Hartmaa, Cincinnati-. Mrs. Alma McBeatb, Liberty, Ky. James Alexander, about eight, son of Mrs. McBeath. Goldie Taylor, 53, rHnp.inna.tl. One man was unidentified but hospital attaches believed it might be George Smith, 53, who has a daughter living at Huntington, W. Va. Ee still was unreported. among; the survivors. Less than a day after C.I.O. President Philip Murray signed a precedentrsetting welfare plan with Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Lew- is made a move. He suddenly called a miner's union policy meet- ing for next Monday in Chicago. But why Chicago? The site sug- gested a possible coal peace pact with Illinois producers. Some of them have been reported impatient for a settlement. An agreement with Illinois producers would give Lewis a possible industry pattern such as Murray hopes be has for steel with the Bethlehem pension- insurance contract. A denial that Illinois operators were wavering from the stand tak- en with coal producers from oth- er sections came from Fred S. Wil- key, secretary of the Illinois Coal (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) STKIKE
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