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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 15, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SUNDAY WINDY, WARMER SUPPORT YOUR COMMUNITY CHEST VOLUME 49, NO. 204 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 15, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Tito's Feud With Stalin Scrutinized Reds May Go By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Like the row be-, tween Secretary Johnson and the admirals, the feud between Mar- shal Tito and the kremlin is sim- mering along nicely. What makes the Tito-kremlin feud worth a spe- cial report at this time, is the ac- cumulating evidence that Tito's re- bellion is already doing the krem- lin real harm where it hurts most in the rigid control of. the world Communist parties by Moscow. In part, the hideous mass purge in Czechoslovakia is evidence for this conclusion. To be sure, mass] murders and arrests of doubtful! elements are standard operating! procedure in the satellite countries, always occurring as soon as each new communist regime feels strong enough to carry them out. To be sure, it is particularly ur-j gent for the Prague government to repress any independent spirits, since the final attack on the Cath- olic church will shortly be launch- ed. But although these are sufficient reasons for the purge in Czechoslo-! vakia, there are also reports that1 the purge victims include an un-! usually high number of Communist1 party members. This is evidence! that Titoism is seriously feared at1 Prague. j INDEED, THERE SEEMS to be no doubt, any longer, that the re- markably courageous Yugoslav leader possesses considerable num- bers of agents and sympathizers! throughout all the satellite area.! The kremlin has even tacitly ad-! mltted its own fear of Titoist mani- festations in Hungary, not to men- tion Ana Pauker's Romania, by Its sharp reversal of field on the Austrian treaty. Russian withdrawal from Aus- tria, on rather generous terms granted by us, seemed to be 1m-1 minent until not long ago. But the Soviet negotiators are again) refusing to leave Austria on any! terms that might be considered re-' motely reasonable. And this is be- lieved to be because withdrawal from Austria will also obligate the kremlin to pull its "line of com- munications" troops out of Hun-i gary and Romania. The presence! of Russian divisions is probably! considered necessary insurance against the Romanian and Hunga- rian leaders getting any foolish, cation association Republican-Herald photo Comparing License John Bucholtz, 162 East How- ard street, looks at the 1950 license plates now on sale at the office of Andrew M. Lipinski, deputy registrar of motor vehicles, 50 East Second street. The new plates are of steel, replacing the much- criticized aluminum plates used this year. The legend, is carried on the licenses which have white numerals on a black background. l Teachers From 17 Counties to Be Here for S.E.M.E.A. Between and teachers from 17 counties will be here next week for the annual convention of the Southeastern Minnesota Edu- flighty notions into their heads. Even more dramatic, although perhaps less important, has been the effect of Tito's bad example! on the Western European Commu- nist parties. Innumerable intellec-i tual fellow travelers are being! tempted by Titolsm's almost Ir- resistible combination of the con- solations of religion with none of the painful restrictions of ortho- doxy. Worse still, serious Titoist- Stalinist splits are threatened with- in the working cores of the French and Italian Communist parties. Mass visits to Belgrade by for- merly reliable French communists have recently been reported. And in the Italian party, the important leader, Reale, is accused of Titoist leanings. IN THE EYES OF THE kremlin, these are appalling developments. Within the American government, opinion remains sharply divided, however, as to the kremlin's prob- able reaction. In certain authorita- tive quarters, a Soviet armed at- tack, on Yugoslavia is now serious- ly feared. Six to seven- mechanized divisions are said to have with the Salt Lake county massed in Hungary already. In I clerk. They will meet Thursday and Friday, with the Winona Senior High school auditorium as convention headquarters. A large proportion of the ex- pected attendance will be staying overnight particularly Thursday I night but Housing Chairman j Maurice Mariner said today that Utah Prisoner Invents Metal Cutting Tool List of Czech little People' Missing Grows Red Government Purges Middle Class Ranks By Nate Polowetzky Prague By the thousands, Czechoslovakia's "little people" are disappearing as the communist government's purges reach through the middle classes. One of those thousands was laughing blond, 20 years old, and on a date with her boy friend. But she was born 20 years ago in Belgrade, the capital of that i now-outlawed member of the com- Imunist family, Yugoslavia. The police grabbed her, in the middle of her date. They took her keys. They searched her room. They found American magazines. They .sealed the room with police stickers. And they moved on to purge others. Fled Yugoslavia The girl's parents live in west- ern Czechoslovakia. Her father is a Czech. He says his family left Yugoslavia to escape Premier Marshal Tito's "terror." Now he and his wife are in Prague. Their daughter's landlady summoned them. When they ar- rived, they started asking the po- lice where their daughter was. Day after day they came to Prague's central police headquar- ters. Tears in their eyes, they ask- For one week no word. Then they were told to bring food pack- ages. If these were accepted, they could assume their daughter was being held. A minor police official took the elderly couple aside. "These are terrible times we live he sadly told them. "I .am sorry, but we can't say anything." Live at Prison They were not the only tear- ergroun Convictions Seen Ending Legal Party stained couples in the Prague's Bartolomejska line at street prison. The queue of anxious rela- tives was long. Thousands are! missing since the purge started. Everyone in the line got the same word. If your packages are accept- ed, take it for granted your rela- tives are being held. The police didn't say what had happened if the packages went jit appears the committee will "They my daughter and lable to meet every demand j said the jhouslng. gjrl_ may be in prison. She Hotel space ran out long ago, I may be in a work camp. But I jbut many Winonans have opened find her. A Nurse Presides over cribs of two infants whose names fit right into the Christmas season although they were bora at St. Joseph's hospital-.in. .St. Paul this week. At left is Susan Santa, born to Mr. and Mrs. Reed Santa, while the other crib holds Baby Klaus, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Klaus, who promise the child's first name won't be Santa. Both families live in St. Paul. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) their homes for the night. The two days will be crammed Salt Lake City cell door with speeches by numerous out- at the Utah prison might well bearistanding educators, business ses- the inscription: jsions, sectional meetings and en- "McCoy Tool Corporation, j tertainment. "Robert H. McCoy, Winona Woman Candidate "Five policemen came to arrest her at night. Five policemen are British Call Meeting on Far East Crisis North Dakota Canyon Yields Dwarf Cattle Verdict Follows Nine-Month Trial In New York By Art Everett New York Eleven of the nation's top communist leaders were behind bars today with their Communist party in America fac- ing a fight for its life. They were convicted yesterday as plotters of violent revolu- tion against the country they pro- 'essed to love. The historic verdict, which :ense laywers said would be promptly appealed, cast a heavy shadow over the future of the Com- munist party in this country. The communist Daily Worker, of London, England, said the ver- dict has virtually made the party 'illegal in the United States." "For the first time in the his- -ory of the U. said the Work- er, "it has been declared a crime merely to be a member of Communist party." However, the communist Daily j Worker, in New York, said the .party "has not been outlawed" and that the American people would defend its "absolutely con- jstitutional right" to continue to function. Not Coin; Underground In an editorial for its weekend edition, the Worker said that "pro- fascist forces" would use the de- cision for "further assaults" on American liberties, and added: "The press is already saying that this verdict outlaws .the .Commu- nist party, but this is not true. All such talk is intended to fright- en the people." Miss Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, a party national committee member, denied that the verdict would, communists underground. She'said the party will still "operate as us- ual." But some reaction in Washington was that the verdict put the party outside the confines of law. There also were demands for stronger crackdowns on communism. Representative Harrison (D. of the House un-American ac- tivities committee, said the verdict confirmed that the "Communist party is an illegal conspiracy." Crusade Urged Representative Velde a member of the same committee, urged that the verdict spark a and military planners of the Brit- By Jim Wallace____________ Jamestown, N. and on their own for possibly a decade "crusade to wipe out" forever" the or more, a herd of dwarf cattle has been discovered by a Jamestown man, remaining- forces of subversion and He Gene 27, cattle showman, auctioneer, owner or Holter's' espionage" in the U S owner-manager of donkey baseball and basketball shows, hui, Senators to arrest a gangster. And ish commonwealth will meet in dent." A Amanda Aares- McCoy, a convicted murderer; tad, of the Teachers college staff, and bank robber, became a candidate for the office of bearer of the title yesterday when articles of incorporation for the i at were (filed yet they will not tell me where she is." There was silence, then the old man spoke again: "But I say lived through the Tito terror. I say hu- man being can withstand more punishment than an a daughter will survive." these quarters, the buildup of So-' Murray City Judge W. Douglas __ _________ _ __ Viet offensive strength is 'believed AUen is president of the firm, and continuing along Tito's borders, ithe other incorporators are: In other quarters, equally auth- Mason W. Hill, former prison oritative, both the theory of tan-' warden who resigned this week; pending Soviet aggression and A. Devine, former depty Ward- information on which it is found- !en: Adrain B. Pembroke, chair- ed are accepted with extreme of the state board of correc- serve. The Soviet armored' ancl Leonard S. Ralph, at- visions in Hungary are said to boil down, in reality, to a single, president to succeed Miss Agnes McCarthy, Faribault. Also running (for the post is Edwin Powderly.j Red Wing High school instructor.! Speakers will include James! Eldridge, Midwest field director of! the American Association of the! United Nations and education di- rector of WFJL, Chicago; Ira Dilworth, general supervisor of in- ternational service of the Canadian Broadcasting Company; Miss Kath- The firm will manufacture whatjryn E. D'Evelyn, director of psy- tornev. mechanize'd the Fifty-sev.jfm Described as a- enth Guards, which the Russians !type of metal cutter invented byi have been marching about in fHe built tthf cutter der to Rive rise to reports of of scraP steel and Iron intrude services. Great Neck rvont I Great Neck, I M. Peulicher, v- r-pr Y., Ger- Milwaukee, in -many different places. Altogeth-' Prison's automobile licensees., columnist and lecturer; Dr er. not'more than four of five viet divisions, mechanized, ed and Infantry, are said to be in McCoy has been in the Utah pri-, i Clifford Houston, dean of students has Stranger Cashes Forged Check for in Cash Philadelphia A prosperous looking man who presented a forg- ed check at the Broad Street Trust Company, and walked out with 000 in bills is sought by police to- day. Bank officials told police the forged check also is missing. Officials said the man presented one of the bank's own counter checks, with the date and amount typed in, at a branch office on Singapore early next month to con- sider the threat of communism in the Orient, official sources said to- day. In addition to Britain the govern- m ,nts of India, Pakistan, Ceylon, The herd was discovered by the Jamestown man in a boxed in lost canyon, somewhere in the United States, he says. Holter rescued! five of the animals by helicopter I and brought them to Jamestown, i A larger number is still trapped j in the canyon, he reports. Gene has the bulls Australia, New Zealand and the and two in James-! Malayan federation are expected Itown to Prove his story. to be represented. I Veterinarians who have looked The conference, the informants said, will map political, economic and military measures for'keeping communism out of Britain's colon- ial and commonwealth territories in the Orient and chart a course for future dealings with the Chinese communists. Among those expected to attend are Sir Ralph Stevenson, British ambassador to China; Frank Rob- erts, British high commissioner to India; Malcolm MacDonald, Brit- ish commissioner for Southeast Asia; David Rees-Williams, under- secretary of colonial affairs, and W. E. Denning, head of the Far Eastern department of the foreign office. Senior British military ad- visers also will attend. position to attack Tito, who 30 divisions of his own. AS TO THE KREMLIN'S inten- tions, therefore, "You pays your money and you take your choice." son for 24 years. Now 57 years !at the University Of Colorado; Dr. old, he was sentenced to life im-jWillard C. Olson, director of street yesterday. over the herd term the cattle per- fect dwarf animals. Where did they come from? That's a question Holter won't answer specifically because he in- tends to rescue the remainder of the lost herd. Holter says he was on a flying trip to purchase horses several years ago when he made his dis- Chinese Red Troops Walk Into Canton By Seymour Topping: Hong- Kong, Chinese com- munist conquerors walked into Mundt (R.-S.D.) and Ferguson (R.- Mich.) were expected to use the verdict to try to pry through the Senate new communist-registration law in the next session. But it appeared that the cus- tomary appeal would forestall hour of decision for the Commu- party. The final say rests with. the U. S. Supreme court. The verdict, conceived in the government's indictment of July, 1948, and born in the labor of a historic and bitter nine-months trial, was perhaps destined to grow into one of the most important sin- gle decisions in American law. The Smith act, under which the 11 were tried, may come in for covery. His method was to look Kong, over the horses from the air. Spotted From Air Canton todaj-. Their spearheads shot beyond the late Nationalist COUrt capital toward the boundaries of Britain's crown colony of Hong The pro-communist newspaper jWen Wei Pao said green-clad red British recbg- nransa s r- nition of the recently-proclaimed I which is surrounded on all sides Chinese communist regime is a by high hills. "matter of time only." He explain- He made this trip in a helicopter prisonment in 1924 for slaying A IRoy Heath, a Salt Lake City busi- following- a bank holdup in Bountiful, Utah. McCoy has es- during his long pri- betj itwice. Deen Paroled i tion years m 1934. He will be elieibJe. MobIeVi state think it kremlin to try to extirpate while the West is weak, you on Soviet aggression. And if you think the kremlin prefers the risk, of Tito to the slightest risk of morefor release m December, general war, you bet the other Meanwhile, however, there !s one DIGS OH Red Wing point on which no speculation isiDjver necessary. The internal economic i" "auix situation in Yugoslavia is gravejQpen November 10 Above all, Tito has no dollars to! r purchase needed raw materials I st. Paul G. Yoder, U.S. and commodities abroad. He engineer, announced today obtain dollars only from us; proposals will be issued about by current standards, he 21 inviting bids for per- very bank protection work on It bore the forged s gnature of led that is being held In order to make a landing inside and peaceful" entrance into the On one of these trips, he spotted I "completely liberated" Can- a herd of cattle in a canyon upon dropping closer to the ground observed that they appeared to be dwarfs. A little over two weeks he went back to the canyon, South China metropolis, cradle ofjnext Friday. rpvnTnf.inn t-hat-. nvAr-fTirpw fHoi r advocate the violent overthrow of the U. S. government. Leveled at the 30-year-old Com- munist party for the first time, the statute brought Its leaders face to face with the possibility of up to ten years each in prison and ooo fines. They will hear their sentence the revolution that overthrew the imperial Manchus. Communications Cut Hong Kong was flooded with ports of Canton's occupation. But! full details were not available Federal Judge Harold R. Medina refused them bail. They went to jail within the hour of their con- normal in child development at thej Britain's lost canyon. There followed University of Michigan; Mrs. Penn company.jto take such a step before fully wild chase which took the c "olF "ee" Leader Sentenced The judge then sentenced their C. Caldwell, immediate past dent of the Department of Class-! ae1' rnmmnteri ntenw was commu ed High and Dr_ M Lloyd Mich-j0f the bank, said he checked the of the Evanston, 111., signature, found it tallied with the consulting the United ,States. France and the other Atlantic pact commonwealth on h World bank has granted him a loan of which is de- scribed as enough to "keep him going." But there Is no attempt on foot to make Titoism even more the Mississippi river at Red Wing. Bids will be opened November 10. The site of the work is on the T right bank of the main channel of L7le Allan tional education, Atlanta, Ga. Entertainment Planned Thursday Somsen hali convention will be enter- tained by Henry L. Scott, comedy- pianist. Thursday of VDca. m andsm buls. -._ noon luncheon chair- The fraud was discovered when the check could not be found dur ing .a routine audit, making a 000 shortage in Reisenberg's ac- count. A. f T. Net men are Victor Gislason, Winona, health, physical education and rec- reation; Miss Arlene Williams, Al- bert Lea, art educators; Miss Irene Garrigan, Winona, school Hbrar-i New York Tne Arflerican Telephone and Telegraph Company Income Rises elementary principals; Miss Mary social stu- _.........____ the Mississippi river at Red mss Lena B- Grrnley. Austin, attractive to the kremlin's follow- The work will consist of clearing'local associations; Dr. J, J. Fuller, ers, by gilding Tito with the solen-jthe bank area of trees, stumps and dor of economic success. In short, grading the bank to uni cc "itnem out oy neucopter, t k _- ,t fall is! or a share the preceding 12 months. warmer; high 66. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today; says. Lost canyon as he tells it, is lo- cated in a mountainous area situ- far from ranches or Maximum, 66; minimum, 37; 66; precipitation, none; sun sets humans- n verv ter" night at sun rises tomorrow he states' "but ls a nat' (Additional Weather on Page 4.) jural grazing spot which covers sev- 'eral square miles. In addition there is a stream running through it. jton was not known. The city's fall imposed a virtual news blackout on the progress of their retreat. As Nationalist South China died, Acting President Li Tsung-jen pledged to "fight to the finish" from the new refugee capital at interior Chungking. He talked about a counter offensive against the reds in the great southwest. ins of Americans.' He called the trial a i "our party will continue as ever to William Z. Foster, ailing: chair- man of the party, said his mem- bers would not be "dismayed by this scandalous verdict." He add- ed that it will be fought in higher courts and before the "masses of the people." Foster was to have been tried (Continued on Face 13, Column 5.) REDS 3T V
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