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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 23, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FROST TONIGHT, FAIR SATURDAY FOOTBALL TONIGHT KWNO FM VOLUME 49, NO. 185 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 23, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Devaluation Fosters U. S. Of Europe By Joseph and Stewart Alsop all the com-1 motion, the most important imme- i diate result of the devaluation of the pound has been to give the! continent a powerful shove toward! economic union. The British have frightened the continental nations by devaluing the pound to rock bottom. These countries are thus beginning to draw together like frightened sheep before a storm. The drawing together process did not start with devaluation. A deep- ly important movement toward economic unity on the continent has in fact been under way some weeks, as recently reported in this space. From the start.. French Finance Minister Maurice j Petsche has been carrying the torch for this movement. But the torch was first lit by E.C.A. Chief Paul Hoffman. EVER SINCE HE RETURNED from Europe some weeks ago, Hoffman and his E.C.A. men have been warning the representatives of the continental nations, as pri- vately and tactfully as possible, that some real move toward unity essential. Recently, for exam-! pie, he told the Italian representa-i tives at a private luncheon that; dramatic evidence that E.C.A. was! leading toward union on the con-j tinent must be forthcoming. Other-, he -warned. Congress would! cut the lever and lights out of the third year's E.C.A. appropriation. With the concurrence of the State department, W French, uss omic t Rev ea led The Tractor Of A Semitrailer truck rests on a demolished new automobile in which three men and a woman were killed today at an intersection near Hawley, Minn. The body in the foreground is that of Donald Sauers, 25, of Moorhead, Minn. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) received similar warnings. The ultimate aim of the State department and E.C.A. has been, and still is, real economic union of most of the continent, with aj common currency and a central j bank. The French were most en- cept, and took the lead in sounding out the Italians, Dutch and Bel- gians. Inevitably, large snags ap- peared, j EACH COUNTRY BOASTED its) own particular snag. For technical j reasons impossible to explain in a short space, the Italians claimed that they could not move unti'. the! pound and other currencies were revalued. The Belgians were not! unnaturally reluctant to throw their! gold and dollar reserve in-1 to a common and impoverished) pool. The Dutch have a controlled i economy like the British, and like the British they are leery of anyj economic intimacy with the uneon-j trolled Italians, Belgians andj French. Thus the whole project tended toj bog down. But devaluation has acted as a powerful spur to action. The 'French and the other con-j tlnentals were surprised and an-j gry when the British toughly sliced! the pound right down to for! this seemed to promise cut-throat1 British competition on the world market. Petsche went so far as to call the British action, "econom- ic and this has led to! the general assumption that Pets- che's bid for a continental econom- ic bloc is simply retaliation. In fact what Petsche proposes is to do in a hurry only in a more limited way, what the four nations concerned were talking about be- Big Four Plans NewAtfempfat Austrian Pact Russia Pressed To Scale Down Postwar Demands By Sydney Mirkin New York A new Big Four effort to write an Austrian independence treaty begins here to- day with diplomatic sources express- ing hope the Russians will scale down their demands on Austria. Deputy Foreign ministers of the United States, Russia, Britain and France met at 10 a. m. A change in Russian strategy in jthe talks might have wide ramifi- cations. Western spokesmen have intimated that an agreement on the Austrian treaty might temper their opposition to a meeting soon of the council of foreign ministers on Broader east-west issues. On the eve of the meeting, there By Don Whitehead was a sudden shift in diplomatic i administration chalked up an important vic-icircles from, the skepticism express- in foreign policy today on the strength of the Senate's 55 to earlier this week, nave an approvai of an overseas arms program. j State department sources said The Senate reached its decision late yesterday to rearm friendly i they believed Russia wants a set- nations after beating down two moves to make a cut in the Clement of the negotiations, which arms bill. jhave been dragged back and The measure came through thelbetween the the council! Senate with only two minoriof ministers and a now-de-, changes. This was "in part a Austrian treaty commission sonal triumph for Senator almost three years, ly (D.-Texas) and Senator Vanden- j These sources pointed out that the bers the two party j foreign ministers are at the United leaders in foreign affairs who assembly meeting here andj the fight for the aid program. available for consultation and that Nineteen Republicans joined 36 Democrats in voting for passage. Ten Democrats and 14 Republicans voted against it. In the debate. Senator Arms for Europe Bill Goes to Conference U. S. Air Force uaiui. -LUC xicuuu wcie .uiusi ft thusiastic in responding to his Of) Oslo, TJ. S. Air Force is going to establish a base on the ice at North pole next Spring. Colonel Bernt Balchen, here after a flight over the Arctic, disclosed the plans yesterday to newsmen. He said the air rescue base would give American fliers experience in the polar-regions, Balchen said there wouldn't be any difficulty landing ski-equip- ped transport planes at the North pole. At least ten per cent of the polar ice surface is always suitable for landing, he declared. But the base will float on ice, and will have to be moved at in- tervals, Balchen said. The ice drifts slowly away from the pole and the base will drift with it. General Marshall Named American Red Cross Chief Secretary Of Defense Louis Johnson, center, holds his jaw as he is questioned by White House news- men at Washington today after cabinet meeting at which President Truman revealed an atomic explo- sion in Russia. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) the deputies in the past had made irogress under similar conditions, British spokesmen adopted aj "wait and see" attitude, although! ]they too were hopeful that a set-' T-k-tjUement might be ir> sight. Minneapolis Man Grilled in McLoone Slaying Postal Rate Raises Unlikely This Year By John Chadwick Olin Johnston (D.-S. C.) indicated today jthat the Senate will wait until next session before acting on a commit- tee-approved bill to raise postal rates by a year. La Crosse, Wis. A former! Johnston, chairman, of the post office committee which approved the ui ucpu-j l Crosse resident was yesterday, said he doesn't plan to press for action on the legislation opposed to Russia. This, he said, but th indications Minneapolis yesterday in while lawmakers are adjourn- "is likely to incite Russia to war." not been bome at thg slaying of Dr. James But Vandenberg argued that the Only nine of the 59 articles goal is "stopping aggression be- the treaty still are listed as dis- jfore it reaches us." Had the for- puted. Of these, agreement has been Me- iment-minded. been Loone here nearly two years ago. j Higher postal rates have District Attoniey 'John Colsnian' urged by the but Charles Wilson, head of the Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois eign aid program to date been on at least two, but crime laboratory returned he couldn't tell whether a1 successful than it has-been, he; are tied in with other disputed is-j during the day, but said three other j place for the measure can be found ues. and county officials remained'on the already loaded Senate cal-j The chief stumbling block the Minnesota city. jendar. j Vandals Wreck said the man being The committee bill falls far short her; ago, but that new information had asked by the Post Office said, "we probably would be ing billions" to fight a defensive war- removed during last spring's meet-! Coleman Amount to Be Set The Senate's vote pledged Con- gress to since the proved a The amount of money to be i aiiut w thorized remains in doubt. soviet zone of Austria. The foreign ;just outside the La Crosse city but has taken no action. The House voted reached a on tne of November carry out the arms isj agreement on that point but the 11947. He earlier had made a pro- less than the Senate were unatne to settle spe-ifessional just after supper at _ .7 k-ijL. wc-iiift viii L ing of the foreign ministers m i questioned hnd been quizzed a year of the rate increases! Wnen UUSSia gave Up her bmt- fhat noiu infmtnan'nn Vnr "Jt would be safe to assume Mac Arthur, 19, who became a that hostile powers will celebrated figure in the theater I fce producing atomic weapons in world at birth as the "act of God'substantial quantities before end baby" of Actress Helen Hayes, 1952." last night. I The commission added: The young woman's death camel "We point out that this does not as she was preparing to that such powers may not I next month in a supporting role with her mother in the Broadway premiere of a new play. She died at Lenox Hill hospital of what physicians termed a Otto Prochazka, an electrician, holds the last of a litter of kittens lured from their home in the heating pipes at the Oak Park Chris- tian church chapel in Detroit today, (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) unteered to clear the heating system of kittens. It was sim- ple enough, he said. With a long wire he rattled about in- side the ducts. The kitten skip- ped about just ahead of the popped Satan among the pews. There was not for long. The kitten disappear- ed again in a small opening behind the pulpit. Frocha'zka pried up a piece of moulding and once again produced the kitten. Just to make sure all kittens were accounted for, he check- ed the ducts with a mirror, flashlight and the long wire. All clear, he reported last night. The congregation hopes he's right. He'd better be. Mr. Shallow says they're turning on the heat for the services to- night. have a few atomic weapons prior to that date." Weapons Cited Last March 22, Dr. David Bradley, atomic medical scientist, said Rus- eralized virus infection." Her not only has the atomic bomb er, Newspaperman Playwright j secret but "may already be manu- Miss facturing weapons." Bradley, author of the book "No Place to a report on the 1948 Bikini atomic tests, said the belief that the United States has a monopoly of atomic knowledge is one of the "four fatal delusions" which leaves Americans unready for Winona and Vicinity: Fair and'a possible atomic war. Charles Mac Arthur, and Hayes Were at her bedside. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS cool tonight with moderate to heavy frost. Saturday fair and not so cool. Low tonight 34; high Saturday 70. WEATHER FORECAST Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68: minimum, 43; (noon, 59; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 13. Bradley was addressing the U, S. conference of mayors here. Quickly after the White House announcement came word from the British government in London that it also has evidence of an atomic explosion in Russia. A British state- ment was promised later. In Washington, the word swept swiftly around government depart- ments and through Congress.
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