Wednesday, September 21, 1949

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 21, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FROST TONIGHT, THURSDAY FAIR VELVET VOICE OF RADIO VOLUME 49, NO. 183 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 21, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES The Alsops Russ Arms Program Intensified By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington A simple question Isi raised by the Senate debate on the j military aid program for Europe, j This question is: when are we go-! ing to face the facts? j The first fact is that the strategic j balance of power which now pro-! tects Western E-'rope from being: over-run by the red army is whol- ly precarious. It rests squarely on the temporary American monopoly, of the atomic bomb. j The second fact is that the viet union is making a massive re- armament effort, in which top priority is given to the atomic pro-; Ject under the ruthlessly efficient1 direction of former N.K.V.D. were told last nieht that Lavrenti Beria. These facts add western powers never will use their up to the obvious danger of war in military weapons to in the next decade. Moreover, or destrov joint chiefs of staff have faced thlsl danger, and have devised a pro- gram for dealing with it. 6 -Day Steel ruce Bevin Assures World West Won't Attack Attend Dinner Honoring U.N. Delegates New York United Na- tions officials from around the h, came from British iPoreign Secretary Ernest Bevm, i who spoke at a dinner at the Wal- dorf-Astoria hotel. gjyen fey the city, THE PROGRAM IS DESIGNED to make possible the defense of Qf in'honor'of delegates! Western Europe against the red jhm; for newlv.convened fourth! army by 1954, when Soviet stock-1 generBl assembly of tte N. i piling of the Beria bomb may be; Bevjn said westerQ expected to begin. This determined to taice every program calls for the avoj usj th destructive pow. of eight to by Qf Rather he United States, coupled with a must an antl'dotei jor effort to rearm by the destructlon by establlshtag con- pean countries. ifidence among the nations of the By 1954, it is estimated, the pro-'worM gram would result in 45 to 50 "We shall take care now that ropean divisions in being. Given no nations shall be under any de- decisive tactical air superiority, it is fusions that they can get so ad- believed that these 50 that can use their ad' could hold the red army until inforcements arrived and bombing began to take effect. u program is by no means over-ambl- ivances to destroy tious. The joint chiefs estimate that case of war, the put 300 complete in the field by the end Truman Bidding For Settlement Without Strike Washington President Truman today asked a new six-day I strike truce in the steel dispute. The President also rfsked that the steel concerns and the C.I.O. Steel Workers Union resume collective bargaining on their own. He said federal mediators would be available to assist them. Cvrus Ching, mediation chief who announced Mr. Truman's new truce request, said no reply had yet British Labor Party Troubled By Devaluation Banking UK delegates and other government dignitaries. Seventeen h montye endof loreign ministers occupied the dias the first year, the Kremlin would dispose of 500 fully armed "a? increased still further. The Wind Whips Fragile Clouds across a fall sky; it churns up dust in the field where only a little while ago green corn shaded fertile ground from the hot summer sun; it rustles the dried leaves of the shocked com, standing stoutly against the wind. Within the shock, golden ears of corn, the symbol of the harvest, dry and hard and mature, and the husk loosens. Little boys come some- times and pick a bit of the finest silk to try an age-old experiment of the very young. Field mice scurry under the shock, building their winter nest, unaware that before snow falls the farmer will rudely bare their home to the winter Indeed, the shock of its stark sun-bathed the essence of fall, which, unfortu- nately, is now yielding its place in the panorama of the seasons. Its efficient, but ugly, mechanical corn picker- can never be a substitute for a field of shocked corn in the late afternoon sun. Republican-Herald photo been received from either union or companies. The present truce runs out Sat- urday midnight and the union is poised for a walkout by its 000 members at that ime. The President asked "that the truce be maintained until a.m. Saturday October 1 in the "national interest." President Philip Murray of the steelworkers advised Ching that the union will decide on its reply London Britain's Labor to Mr. Truman's request at a un- government faced a political crisis lion wage-policy committee meeting in its own ranks today. Trade'at Pittsburgh tomorrow. j unions threatened to revolt against Ching said the steel companies 'higher prices resulting from money i promised to reply soon, devaluation. j Auto Plan Weighed Outside Britain repercussions of fe concUia. I the drastic slash in the British, tors workine on ?he case were eye- pound's value continued to jolt the, rpnnrtpd offer of an emoloy- in the aTtomo- money by slicing the Belgian rfor steel settlement. franc s value 12 per cent. i France proposed to Italy, Hoi- A major issue m the steel talks iland and Belgium that the four is the industry s insistence that countries act together to ease trade steelworkers pay part of the cost barriers and make their currencies of pension-insurance plans recom- freely interchangeable. Amended by a presidential fact-fmd- The threat of a British politicking board. The board recommend- crisis was raised by the general ed steel employers pay the whole council of the Trades Union Con- gress, whose eight million mem-1 bers are the backbone of the ruling Labor party. State Supreme Guerrilla Resistance fashionable hotel. Bevin is staying; THE RUSSIANS ARE It was not known who threw! trating particularly on heavy tanks the tomatoes. and heavy artillery. They are The 200 demonstrators, members known to have more than the "American Irish minute operational planes. Including largejmen of carred signs urgingj numbers of jet fighters, boycott on British goods and Ing these huge figures of Russianjmoval of British troops from north-' strength, a minority of the joint :ern Ireland. chiefs of staff's strategic planners j Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei have concluded that, bar a Vishinsky was invited to the ed Germany, Western Europe sim-j dinner but sent his regrets. How- ply cannot be defended in case! ever, other eastern bloc representa- of war. 'tives were present. then use the evidence in bringing! Yet a majority of the planners; Secretary of State Dean of granting immunity was; do not agree, and their views haveltold the assemblage that he is en- f th t t sum-pmp court I prevailed in the joint chiefs' five-icouraged by recent efforts by Ior tne state suPreme coun year program for Western Euro-jern nations to solve economic and today, pean rearmament. They problems, that the stunning statistics of Rus-i Main Purpose in Life sir.n strength are in some measure; He aimed a jab at those who lay deceptive. The story told by to "a perfectly ordered so- escaped Russian flyers, Barsoff ciety in which there is no strug- certify to the supreme cour. and Pirigoff, illustrates the sortie "or effort." [questions concerning the status of of thing the experts have in mind.; "To he said, "struggle taken by Richard Crushed by Greece By Sydney Mirkin New United Nations special commission on thej Balkans said today the Greek army has eliminated organized guerrilla j resistance along the northern borders of Greece. i white The commission warned, however, of "increased gravity of the threat: On Robeson Riot Charges N. Y. and five otherlhave been demanding Court to Test Gelling Case whether the state public examinerlto peace" if Greece's communist northern neighbors, Albania and Blackmer Back In U. I After 27-Year The T.U.C. of endorsing government policy as it has in the last night it "could not pass on the necessity of devaluation." It called for assur- ances from Economic Chief Sir .Stafford Cripps that the govern- iment would make every effort to (limit price rises which will be eure 'to come from cheaper money. cost. That single Preisdent Philip Murray of the C.I.O. Steel- workers holding out for the board's has knotted up efforts to prevent a steel strike. At Detroit, the Ford Motor Com- pany announced that it had told the CXO. auto it was will- ing to discuss a pension plan and was looking at things "in the light of the (steel) board's recommen- dations, and their inescapable na- _ tional effect whether we agree with Observers regarded the T.U.C.jthem or not." reluctance to take a positive standj A unioa source reported that Jon devaluation as evidence of nas Offered an employer-paid split in labor's own ranks. Ueasion plan, within the framework T.U.C. leaders so far have presidential steel board's ed the government's wage-freeze! recommendations. policy against heavy pressure from po- their' rank and file members who Recommendations James F. Lynch, Ramsey coiinty attorney, yesterday asked Judge Carlton McNally in district court ed for 48 planes. In fact, the unit ._ __ i ife so far as we are never had more than 28 planes.! funeral Carlos P. And of these, there war- Philippine delegate and Itions. The commission concentrated the weight of its criticism on Albania, I asking the general assembly to Ifind Albania "primarily responsi- !ble for the threat to peace in the I Balkans." i Greece last week threatened to jsend her troops across the Alban- iian border unless that Soviet satel- Ilite stopped helping guerrillas. The concert September 4. They allegedly were among road- side hecklers who stoned the con- cert crowd leading the left-wing Negro singer's performance. Three of them are teen-agers. One of those named is Joseph A. Lillis, Jr., 25, son of the police higher Those recommendations were ithat the steel dispute be settled doubt-; without a fourth round of postwar could holdlwage increases, but with an em- out againsrraak" and file pressure: ployer-paid pension-insurance pro- _____ fiT-wio o T ATI much longer. jgram costing steel firms about ten chief at Peekskill, where the outdoor held. In the indictments handed down N. Y., near concert was The move came during a hearing; M. BUckmer, 80, Colorado millionaire who fled notuy the U N that it de 3 Prime Minister Attlee an hour per worker, his cabinet ministers to a meetingj There were reports in Detroit tomorrow to discuss the political j that Ford and the Auto Workers crisis that has been piled on only a few cents apart of his government's economic cris-! their pension discussions, with Un- ion President Walter Reuther holding out for either a higher pen- sion offer or a better health in- surance proposal. The coal shutdown forced layoff of at least railroad work- ers on 11 coal carrying lines. At Buffalo, N. Y., Bell Aircraft jtiUUUUiii, a.i-1 ui oiiw o here today by plane f rom] which outlines measures a nation crnef, a "jFrance, immigration officials re-1 may take in self-defense. rour olners. cnarfceu jported Without the fanfare that mnrked iUVV "111, -i.-i.ai v t. j u SIS try, B1 k. ......._..... ___ ominous stattotte. of RUSSIA "Unu they come o erms giving {alse jmer sapped off plane it alliance Warning From Moscow The Greek action drew an ad- verse reaction in Moscow, which WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and cooler tonight with light frost Thursday fair. Low tonight 38; high Corporation announced1 it had LOCAL WEATHER cepted a mediators' proposal to settle a bitter 14-week-old strike by strength. This of course does not mean that the vast military power of the world will continue to to the dangerous ten-lto with connection just another passenger. Oliver Remington, assistant U. S. Soviet union is a myth. The strate f., am n coneco Pressures of political con- ent to A K_ EvanSi when he[ commissioner of immigration, re- was mayor of Ortonville. Evans re-jvealed Blackmer's identity at the [guilty to a charge of misconduct! aiacKmer, alter in nffii-p HP naid a S500 fine jwealth in Colorado mining and in office. He paid a sauu line. nil ventures, c.hose self-im- of the planners have convinced the joint chiefs that the five-year pro- Golling charged the holds not only the hope but with Albania, regards itself as a protector of the satellite. The So- viet press warned that an invasion of Albania by Greece would have serious repercussions. U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson and British Foreign Sec- retary Ernest Bevin also poured gTlonl turning a parked car, were accused! official observations for the 24 C.I.O. United Auto Workers, of felonious malicious mischief. 12 m today Details were not made public. The ad- They are William B. Williams, noonj union has made pension and wage of Peekskill, .and Vincent F. Do-; ripfpst. Innmprt for Blackmer, after gaining great ,'western oil ventures, chose self-im- fa F-rs defended. Thereare so manv imponder-' David De Sola Pool, of the Span-; the riPtrree of cf.'ish-Portugese synagogue, gave theiNolan Subsequently, Blackmer paid Linus Hammond, attorney for 000 in for contempt of court contended at Hurricane Hearing Dominican Republic [yesterday's hearing that the testi-j But he stayed in Imony on which their indictment by the French courts which re- Ibased violated their -----j- (rights. Lynch argued the defendants are charged with testifying falsely under oath. Hammond agreed to Lynch's move Ithat Judge McNally certify the mat- pier, railroad owner, mine magnate, jter to the supreme court. Prosecu- TTll nnfj TCTrtlOTl rtfl ables, including the degree of ef- fort that Europe is capable of ing, that the eight to twelve bil-i lion dollar figure is only a guess. Yet it is an informed guess. Tak- ing ten billion dollars as the med. um figure, yearly appropriations of: about two billion dollars will be re-j quired to fulfill the program. THIS MEANS THAT the and Nolan on the and Defense departments must go! Miami, _m_ A small is expected to be postponed back to Congress for something !growing hurricane lumbered tne h'Bner court rmlnff- close to this sum next spring. Yet the Caribbean today in the general! there is now some chance that Direction of the Dominican _ the program will be abandoned, ormc. UUlUin, jUperiOT so reduced in scale that it will be! All interest in southwestern Puer-j-r- rendered meaningless. This is be- to Rico and eastern Hispaniola were; O J66K MLTIUll cause the Defense chiefs and oth-told to take precautions againstiQn QjJ Refineries ers, noting the bitter resistance of hurricane intensity. Capitol hill to the interim M.A.P.j storm warnings were displayed inj Duiuth The Canadian oili outlay, are beginning to Virgin Islands, along the north' ipeline project is a challenge that it is political nonsense eveniand east coast of Puerto Rico and Supei.lor to co-0peratei' to discuss appropriations on the south coast as far west th head Q{ iakes a scale, for back i taxes. fused to turn him over to this coun- try. Blackmer, a native of Worcester, Mass., made his fortune in the west as a leading Colorado lawyer, finan- banker and oil man. Will Filed at Appleton Applcton, Wis. The U. N. Balkan commission statements were made in a supple- mentary report to the fourth ses- sion of the general assembly. The commission cited as facts: The end of organized guerrilla resistance. 2 A large proportion of the guerriDas and many other Greek nationals "have sought refuge in or been forcibly taken into" Greece's northern neigh- bor countries. Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia had publicly an- nounced they had disarmed and interned .guerrillas who entered their territories. Yugoslavia had closed its borders with Greece. The commission then recom- Bequests! ncied tnat the assembly again j Albania and Bulgaria that1 herty, 18, and Samuel J. Biordi, 17, of nearby Croton-on-Hudson. The sixth man, Lent, year old Peekskill war veteran, was charged with carrying conceal- ed weapons, also a felony. He al- legedly had two knives, one strap- ped under each pantleg. Lillis was continued in custody of his father, and the others remain- ed free on bail ranging from to S500. No date was set for trial. More than 100 persons 'were in- jured in the barrage of stones and sticks that met departing concert- goers, following an anticommunist veterans parade outside the con-' cert grounds. A half dozen cars were overturned. The indictments came as West- chester District Attorney George M. Fanelli announced a full-scaled grand jury investigation into the violence w'ill begin October 3. The inquiry was ordered by Gov-! emor Thomas E. Dewey, who call- ed the outbreaks a "shame and a disgrace" and blamed the disor- ders on communist agitators. for probate in county court i as Ponce. If they are right, the day will; The U. S. Weather bureau in San the petroleum industry as a refinery center, William J. Deegan, Jr., -Su- come in five years or so when Puerto Rico, said the center Duluth kremlin can boast both an atomic !0f the disturbance was expected to Penor city manager, wia .uiuutn Lions yesterday. stockpile and the unquestioned abil-jpass 30 to 50 miles south of the are ity to take all Europe at ,-ai. The.western Up of Puerto Rico late to- balance of power will then shift j night, decisively in the kremlin's The Weather bureau said the and an unthinkable atomic war will Ismail tropical storm developed dur- become almost inevitable. Those inling the night. It had been kept Congress who consider it political-1 under observation by Navy and mil- ly popular to cut the military aidjitary reconnaissance planes since program should ask themselves a'yesterday, along with another "po- question How thankful will the vot- tentially troublesome" area of sus- ers be when that day comes? picion in the Gulf of Mexico. lishing refineries here to process the new, high-quality crude which will be coming into Superior from Canada next year, according to Dee- gan. He pointed out that the re- cent devaluation of foreign curren- cy would favor refining the Can- adian oil in the United States. Mrs. Kuhnle was president of the American Brass Novelty Company of Grand Haven, until re- cently when it was sold. She left her home and personal effects plus to her daughter, Mrs. Richard Dungar, South Bend, Ind.: to a sister, Mrs. Sid W. Gordon, Oshkosh; to an- other sister, Mrs. Noel J. Wilmot, Appleton; to her mother, Mrs. international law called for them to prevent use of their territories against the security.of Greece. The commission also recom- mended that the assembly again ask Albania and Bulgaria to stop aiding the Greek rebels and call on Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia to cooperate "with an appropriate international body" for observation of whether the guerrillas who fled north had been disarmed and in- terned. AJJj-flCMJii, OtSrUUU J.YJ_La. Elizabeth Coon, Neenah; to! The Soviet satellites have refused the First Presbyterian church of I from the beginning to cooperate Grand Haven and to the U. N. commission and itsj Vivian Gregurick, Malawan, Mich. I observers. Madison Truckers Strike Ended Milwaukee A 12-day strike! by A.F.L Truck Drivers was ended yesterday after bringing the gen- eral building and materials indus- try almost to a halt. Settlement terms included a ten cents an hour wage increase with an additional five cents for a Wage adjustment, according to an an- nouncement by John H. Dahlman, president of the Building Trades Employers' association, and J. F. Scislowski, president of local 200. Union demands for an eight hour work day and a seniority clause win be submitted to arbitration, [the officials announced. 17; sun rises tomorrow! At Cleveland, defeat loomed for a factional attempt to oust so-cal- Additional weather on Page 14. (led left wing officers of the C.I.O. ..___________.-------------------'united Electrical third largest union in the C.I.O., with members. Free Press Heeds Strong Finances, Publisher Warns Milwaukee F. Mc- Cahill, publisher of the Cleveland News, said yesterday that news- papers must be financially inde- pendent in order to preserve free- dom of the press. This means, he said, that news- papers must be free from any form of subsidy or outside influence, either governmental or advertising. The statement was made before a meeting of the institute of news- paper controllers and finance offi- cers, McCahill is vice-president of the American Newspaper Publish- er's association. "Newspapers have maintained [their rugged individualism in this world of IMc.Cahill observed. "Each news- paper executive claims for himself the right to run his newspaper in the way he believes will best serve his community and its readers." He warned the delegates to use a slow approach to the question of setting up general standards in newspaper financial methods. "Standardization has an ominous ring to most of McCahill de- clared, "because it carries with it a or of control and regimentation." Companions in woe at Kan- sas City, Mo., are this boy and his dog, both lost. Tired and distraught, three-year-old Mike Spellman leans against wall to sob unhappily, refusing offers of sweets from patrolman. Mike's dog seemed undisturb- ed, however, lingers close to guard the boy. A telephone call ended Mike's experience, when child and dog were reported missing. (AP Wirephoto)