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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 16, 1949, Winona, Minnesota CLOUDY TONIGHT, RAIN SATURDAY FOOTBALL TONIGHT KWNO FM VOLUME 49, NO. 179 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 16, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Truman Gets Tariff Cutting Power Acheson Reports On U.S. Plan to Give Aid to Tito By John M. Hiffhtowcr Washington Secretary of State Acheson reporu-d to President Truman and tne cab- inet today on new U. S.-Biiush- French measures to with Russia in the cold war. The report was made at a 45- minute meeting in the White House. Acheson, however, de- clined afterwards to discuss it with reporters. It was the regu- lar Friday cabinet meeting. Topping the list was bfil.'eved to De agreement to give Yugo- slavia's Marshal Tito all essen- tial support in his economic and political struggle with Moscow. All the various matters have been Intensively reviewed here this week by Acheson and For- eign Ministers Bevm and Snhu- man. The American, British and French foreign policy chiefs climaxed their round of meet- U.S. Soldier Breaks Out of Russ Prison American and three British soldiers made a daring j escape last midnight from a Russian prison in east Berlin, the U. S. j Army announced today. i The American, Private John J. Sinkiewrcz, 26, told officers he and j his companions burrowed through a thick wall with a blunt knife and I managed to reach through and jopen their cell door. Sinkiewrcz taken to an Army! hospital where he was reported in a "generally weakened physical con- idition but not unduly undernour- ished." He had been held by the Russians since last November 5 when he rode a streetcar into the Soviet sector I (by mistake. He said he was ques- fltioned 16 days and nights and "beat- Hen when they said I was lying." Sinkiewrcz is the son of Mrs. I1 Mary Sinwiewrcz, Baltimore, Md. 11 Sinkiewrcz told Army officers he iand the'three British prisoners used 1 Ian iron bar from one of their beds si to pry open their cell block door [land then fled over a wall topped by [jagged glass. They reached the street by sneak- ing through a bombed-out building and then separated to make their way to the western sector.'Sink- 'iewrcz managed to get to a German (police station in the French sector (and telephone American authorities. He said he made one dash forj freedom the day he was but was recaptured November 6 when he could not make his way! out of the Soviet sector. John J. Sienkiewicz The AIsops Taft Hopes Tied to Ohio Win By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Senator Robert A Tart's first Ohio speeches indicate (a letter to Soviet ings yesterday. They held then a three hour ar.d forty-five tninute session devoted tu dis- cussing Yugoslavia and the gen- eral Balkan situation as well as Germany and Austria. Officials said they did not get around to talking about the de- velopment of a common anti- communist strategy in the Far East but hoped to arrange an- othar session here in a day or so. Meanwhile Acheson scheduled a series of afternoon appoint- ments with other Western minis- ters gathering here for tomor- row's meeting of the Atlantic treaty council. This is the body which is due to order creation of defense machinery for the West- ern Both Schuman and Eevm will participate in the council ses- sion but today Schump.n ar- ranged a flying trip to Midland, Ontario, to take part on a Fere Marquette celebration. At the conclusion of their meeting last night the three foreign policy chiefs authorized a joint statement. This listed subjects they had discussed and called on Russia to resume, in New York next Thursday, the negotiations with Western pow- ers for an Austrian indepen- dence treaty. At the same time, the three declared they had "co-ouUnat- ed their plans for the conclusion of a satisfactory treaty at an early put the Soviets on notice afresh that the West does not intend to give them an economic stranglehold of Austria. Truman Plans Vacation Trip To Kansas City West Europe To Be on Feet By '52, Belief Hoffman Wants Marshall Pian Aid Until Then Battle Creek, Mich. Mar- shall Plan Administrator Paul G. Hoffman foresees a self-supporting Western Europe as a "definite pos- sibility" by June 30, 1952. In his first major speech since returning two weeks ago from a tour of seven European countries, Hoffman disclosed that the plan is now ahead of schedule. However, he cautioned that fulfill- ing the target date "is going to take a lot of doing on the part of both Europeans and Americans." He spoke last night at a meeting of the Michigan Municipal league. As a further rneans of advancing world prosperity, Hoffman advised the United States to take a "slightly higher percentage" of European imports. He said this would be bal-! anced by "our own high volume of' American exports." World trade is essential to Ameri- can prosperity, he said, and it re- quires "a two-way street." Hoffman also called upon this I country to "give full evidence that, jwe intend to carry the four-year I I Marshall plan through to its com-! pletion. G.O.P. Effort To Restrict Bill Defeated Boost Seen Soon In Reciprocal Trade Agreements By Max Boyd Washington string of ad- ministration victories in the Senate gave President Truman today the full tariff-cutting powers he de- manded. Foes of the reciprocal trade agreements act failed in every at- tempt yesterday to curb' the chief executive's authority under the 15- year-old efforts to keep a "peril point" proviso writ- ten into it by the Republican-con- trolled 80th Congress, With the extension bill now ready for his signature, trade agreements with ten more countries are bing prepared for Mr. Truman's approv- al. Experts of the U. S. and the ten other countries have already agreed in negotiations at Annecy, France, on what they will recom- mend to their governments. Agree- ments based on these rccommen- .muuj. v------ A i dations are expected to be ready as a government official allegedly netted him more than in for action early in Oc- fraudulent transactions, today was faced with the possibility that he tober_ may be required to spend three years in the state penitentiary. The 44-year-old Winonan was ar-, Fort Worth, giant! raigned before Judge f. _. B-36 bomber hurtled Into Lakej Joyce in federal court in_ Minne- I nfOdlC A Diving Boat and crew stand by the wreckage of the B-36 which crashed last night at Ft. Worth, Diver in wreckage reported finding of two men. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Repubh- Texas, after takeoff. can-Herald.) Giant B-36 Falls in Lake At Ft. Worth rust Pleads Guilty To Fraud Charges Wilbur Brust, the former Winona garage mechanic whose masquerade The amount of aid "must be on decreasing he said, "but if j Worth last night at 100 miles an Europe meets her obligations killing at least one of its (injured. n 12.30 v a federal grand jury indictment mysterious power fauure as the occasions to obtain money frandu- Air Brst leaded to each consumers, for whomipiane roared down Carswell todus_tryand_ agriculture )Force lmg runway was) the three counts and Judge Joyce blamed for the accident, first majoriordered that his case be referred farmers can sell freely." jmishaP the bif bombers starHto state Europe's second urgent task is ed flying a year and Technical Sergeant half ago. William that of "earning more the Marshall plan administrator said. "Unless European manufacturers can sell to the dollar market and! _. unless, by vigorous and imaginative nignt merchandising, they suficeed'in sell- sa.'a of the cigar-shaped ship after the i investigation before sentencing. No G.j definite date for sentencing was Seymour of Fort Worth was fatally injured. First set. Darken U. S. Labor Outlook By The Associated Press A strike by steelworkers Countries Involved These agreements would be with Denmark, Finland, Italy, Greece, Sweden the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Liberia, Uruguay and Nica- ragua. State department officials esti- mated today that if the President approves these treaties 75 to 80 per cent of all U. S. foreign trade- both exports and be carried on under reciprocal trade agreements. Mr. Truman's full power to change U. S. tariff rates under in- ternational agreement was assured late yesterday. The Senate voted threatened walkouts by 62 to 13, for the sixth ex- Specifically mentioned in the in- He said he was taken 'to Oranien- burg prison in the Russian zone for exhaustive questioning "by high Russian and later was re- turned to jail in the Soviet sector of Berlin. The Army quoted him as saying "my food improved ;'ive or six weeks ago. get white bread for the first time .since I was arrested." Washington President Tru- not obtain adequate food and raw! man to tafce va_ materials essential to a rising stand, cation back home at the end of Sep- tember. Mr. Truman has given the go- The main purpose of the trip is ard of living." Tthe "first phase" of the recovery job has largely been done, Hoffman said every man answered. Crash boats picked up survivors The strike threats involved more __ _ than union employes. How- raigned were his obtaining of company and union represen- from Mrs. Ray Kohner and Donald Itatives in most of the labor dis-the House. urgtog of Cordell Hull. The administration's bill, extend- ing program until June 12, 1951, had been approved previously by ViUail tJL" i from the wings, fuselage and the Kohner of Winona on July 1, are seeking settlement ot tnei said, and "Europe is. economicallyjster stayed partially afloat. water as the six-engined air obtained from Ray Koh-jissues involved. October 15 of the same! The walkout of the passage came after Re- publicans lost by a few votes their country Si fignt to restrict the President's tar- and politically, a democratic going concern." The eight known survivors were'year. In each case, Brust is C.I.O. Steelworkers appear- jiff-cutting powers under the exten- rushed to the base hospital forileged to have represented himselfied the most imminent. Philip an official of the United States ray, president of the C.I.O; and the] f to 38, by the vital fact. Taft evidently military government de- that an out-and-out isolationist imanding his release. campaign is the best way to make1 his crucial fight for re-election to .the Senate. This is not only the ap- peal he will make to the Ohio vot- ers. It is also the appeal by which1 he hopes to win the Republican! presidential nomination two years: after the Ohio voting. j Obviously, if Taft is victorious; next year, the already strong iso-] lation'ist tendency of the right wing1 Republicans will be fortified and intensified. And inj part for this very reason, the stand: po- lice official, is to be honored on and Adenauer Formally Wesl German Republic Post Bonn, Germany President other home town Mr. Truman plans to remain over in Kansas City and his nearby home town of Independence until Sunday, October 2 and then fly back to Washington. A New York trip about October 125 is also likely. Mr. Truman is j expected to participate in the dedi- cation of the cornerstone of the new United Nations headquarters. -a short distance from ttieend of naue of Winonahile Brust ments of the past year and a half." Hoffman listed these improve- ments in Europe's political and eco- nomic picture directly traceable to the 18 months of Marshall plan aid: Improvements in diets for people in all walks of life; increased in- dustrial production which now is 115 per cent of the prewar mark; the halt and control of inflationary pressures in Western Europe; in- short distance irom tne ena 01 nauer 01 wmuna wmie oiuht, a ..perii point" restriction to the the runway approximately posing as an official of the War .ing the steelworkers toward a Had begn ad ted) toe Pres. p m. It was one of administration in June, Benjamin Fairless, president would nave been required to planes of the Seventh 1947. tr. S. Steel, said if there is a strike] ne CTanted tariff creasing political stability; preser-i ''The pilot tried.to stop, it looked planes of the Seventh 1947. S. Steel, said if there is a strike Seventh wing, Eighth Air Brust was arrested at his homejthe union must take scheduled for a routine training here_ Wednesday morning by Sher-! for jt. He said V. S. Steel ready commission deemed risky to U. flight. _' __ Lucas Illinois, the Democratic leader, argued this provision would hinder efforts to co-op- demo- Paul. A fisherman said he saw flames a warrant for his arrest from shooting from one of the engines. "I watched it coming down the he said. "The middle en- gine on the left side was on fire. lened strike is September 25. Shortly after noon Wednesday, j Major Industries Hit "tJ r -_ i j. i Ijl WULUU. AJ-U-IU-CA two deputy United States marshals! Other major industries a "framework for took Brust into their custody andlin labor disputes and which may be took him to the Ramsey county j struck unless agreements are reach- vation of democratic institutions; a Prospects are, too, that he will returning of. faith in the future; make a speech in New York in sup-! checking the spread of communism port of former Governor Herbert] which has resulted in putting Soviet ilike saw he was too close' and thenljail in St. Paul where he has involve United Mine cunned it He jumped right into theiheld awaiting arraignment in fed-iWorkers, C.I.O. United Elec- _.. __i ____i ronri.-prc c TO Unit- lake." The fisherman, who declined to L Ul iUUilCl .E2.CJ, LfC.1 b: iio.i3 .i-i-i Lehman, the Democratic candidate I inspired propaganda and Soviet-con- give hie name, was casting from a against Senator Dulles (R-N.Y.) in' trolled governments on the defen-dock directly across the lake from tt_ _ __ it ._ -11 tVip rvf tnR nrasn. Taft has taken is tending to raise ]Theodor Heuss formally appointed up powerful opponents against him. JQJ. K0nrad Adenauer chancellor! As has been previously (prime minister) of Germany's! in this space, the Democratic na-] fledgling repubiic today. tional leadership has left the choice Adenaueri chairman of the Con-! of a candidate to beat Ta.t to the servative Christian Democratic Un-l united and embattled labor groups. ion (c D U won the post by a With one or two exceptions, the margin of otle vote m an election Ohio Democratic leaders have now i yesterday in the bundestag (low- taken the same stand. And the manper who has been tapped is the Farm] He ls scheduled to make his po. Bureau and Co operative move-; ucy statement and present his cab' rnent leader, the picturesque and personable Murray D. Lincoln. ALTHOUGH LINCOLN has the special Senate race this fall.'sive. Hungarian Admits Aidins West 'Plot' Budapest, Hungary Laszlo that was based on lies and forger- inet in the bundestag next once Hungary's No. 2 Imunist, told a people's court today! The Americans named by Rajk 1 _. ._ new received assurances of port that would persuade most litical hopefuls, he has been hesi !day. by Meanwhile. the new republic i he plotted with Americans and oth-j were Lieutenant Colonel George Ko- i seemed on its way to become onej the strong tating for a personal reason. He; in Western Europe leading parties are pledged jer Westerners to overthrow formerly stationed in Buda- communist government and and a man named Martin the scene of the crash. The plane was carrying a light load of gasoline. It is capable of holding gallons of enough for a nonstop flight of at least miles. That's the distance Air Force officials announced one B-36 traveled in a mock bombing mission. Lieutenant English said the plane mysteriously lost its power as it was eral court. jtrical Workers. C.I.O. Unit- Indictments returned by the grand I ed Auto Workers, East coast jury in St. Paul late last week Stevedores, and CJ.O.- series of transactions in which JUA.W. workers in AUis-Chalmers Brust allegedly represented himself as an official of the WAA to obtain money in excess of From Bernauer, former bakery farm equipment, plants. John L. Lewis, U.M.W. president, eration" with the' Western cracies. of solidly for the peril point amend- ment. Three Democrats lined up with the Republicans Edwin C. Johnson O'Mahoney (D.- Wyo.) and Elmer Thomas (D.- Administration forces then beat has indirectly threatened a walkout! down ameadment after amend- ____ _______, ____ ,of miners unless southern coal adoption any one Of which owner here, Brust is alleged to havelerators resume welfare fund have required further House obtained in return for payments. Some operators promise to deliver war surplus vehi-jed a strike call was imminent. In the final vote on passage only cles and other articles. Another in I The U.A.W. has voted for DemocraV-Johnson of Colorado these transactions was against Ford and extending the trade brother-in-law, Harry Melcher of The union is demanding wage Milwaukee, who is reported to havejhikes, pensions and health benefits. traveling down the runway at S4.500 to Brust during his A strike vote has been recom- 100 miles an hour for the takeoff, personation of a WAA official, (mended by United Electrical Work- Major Toy B. Husband of Wood- On other occasions, Brust is alters union negotiators against Gen- lake, Calif., was the "pilot. Co-pilotjieged to have posed as an Electric Company and Westing- was Major John H. Keene of the United States corps of engi-jhouse Electric Corporation. treaty program. Fifteen Republi- cans joined with the other Demo- crats to give the extension a top- heavy margin. Fla. The draws his only salary as carry Qut christian principles of the Co-operative League, g0vernrnent. jts strongest poli- farmer directors are strongly group says its aim is to ..stem publican. If he makes the raceithe rising ude of materialism em- against Taft. he will lose his Job'bodied in communism." and his livelihood. Until Taft be-j Thg new government, headed by gan preaching the narrowest Konrad Adenauer, as chan- lationist doctrine all over Ohio, ceUOTi and President Theodor Lincoln was inclined against ig expected to be influenced ing to the pressure on him. He is a man of intense convictions, however; and the challenge to these convictions offered by Taft's campaign strategy is tending to draw him into the fight. It is now a good bet that Lincoln will run. There is no use trying to fore- cast the outcome of the most im- portant, and most disputed, state election in a great many decades. Even if Lincoln runs, Taft may perhaps win. It is further possible that the resulting increase of con- gressional isolationism will produce some sort of international catastro- ever other results may Taft victory in Ohio can be counted on to stimulate1 very powerfully another major Republican develop- ment. TO TT PUT IT BLUNTLY, those by the fact that they are backed by millions of voters who are regu- lar church-goers and who have seen communism at work in the eastern part of Germany, and op- pose it. 12 WAVES Get Overseas Duty Washington enlisted first to be assigned overseas in from New York September 21 aboard the Army transport Maurice Rose. They will be stationed in London at the headquarters of Admiral Richard L. Conolly, commander in chief of the U. S. naval forces in Eastern Atlantic (Continued on Page 2, Column They include Arlene M. ALSOPS Ivan Buskirk, Storm Lake, Iowa. Hungary a "colony of Yugoslavia." Himmler. Rajk said both the missing crewmen. Rajk, former interior minister and foreign minister in the com- munist government, went on trial for his life with seven others against a background of a seething war of nerves between communist Yugoslavia and the Soviet-led na- tions of the cominform. The former boss of Hungary's police pleaded guilty to all charges in the indictment. One of these was that he plotted with Marshall Tito's Yugoslav government to assassin- ate leading Hungarian officials. Rajk quickly named two Amer- icans as accomplices. Heaping guiltj 'upon his own head in a long re- ed him about spying and plotting! against the government. The state contends the defendants had mark- ed Deputy Premier Matyas Rakosi, Hungary's communist boss, for as- sassination. The 40-year-old former foreign minister said he also had been in touch with Selden Chapin, the form- er U. S. Minister to Hungary. He said he placed in important govern- ment posts persons who are charged by the government with spying for the Americans, the Brit- ish, the French and the Yugoslavs. Co-defendants with Rajk are: Zoltan Horvath, former editor in Student Confesses Theft of Cello to obtain sums ranging fromjpension and insurance benefits are Air Force withheld to S3.000 from Mrs. Ray Koh-lthe union's chief demands, ner and Donald Kohner of Winona. j Stevedores Unhappy Brust in his role of WAA of-j A walkout on September 30 ofjl ficial is alleged to have statedjSS.OOO East coast stevedores has that he had access to the by the A.F.L. Interna-j of a fleet of light trucks and warjtional Longshoremen's Union, The! surplus Cadillac cars. Bernauer anditmion wants a pay boost of 22 cents! Melcher contend that they made an hour. The operators want to'Burns. of Chicago met a man Hitchhiker Robs Motorist at Madison Madison, Wis. Rodney downpayments toward the purchase of these vehicles which were never delivered. Since his arrest in Winona, Brust had been held under bond awaiting arraignment in federal Milwaukee this weekend. Several is- cut the present hourly pay "Slim" in a Madison bar cents an hour. Strike action in five Allis-Chal- mers plants is to be discussed at a meeting of CXO-U-A.W. officials in Madison, Wis. Rochester, N. Y., student pleaded guilty in__________ _ superior court last night to a court This afternoon, Judge Joyce jsues are involved union" shop, ar- charge of taking a valuable the bond to which bitration procedures, alleged speed- Lippold cello the Wisconsin! Brust was unable to post, and he music school four years ago. will be held in the Ramsey county David was sent to! jail to await sentencing. cital to the court, he of the official organ of to await sentence. to contacts trades unions, i He testified that he had borrow- British, French, American and Yug- oslav intelligence units. Familiar Pattern (The trial was following a famil- iar pattern. As in the case of the convicted Roman Catholic primate, Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, the de- fendants went on trial with the pre- sumption that they were guilty until proved innocent. This is the oppo- site of most Western procedure. (The Yugoslav government charged last night that the trial was a trumped up device of the Soviet Union for an "Unbridled Azar Branko, 37, former counsel-Jed the instrument in 1945 and later or of the Yugoslavian legation university officials he had re- Budapest; (turned it. However, officials could Dr." Tibor Szoenyi, 46, former head of the section of the Hungar- ian People's (Communist) Party which supervises all rank and file members. Andras Szalai, 32, a deputy to Dr. Szoenyi. Milan Ognyinovic, described as a Yugoslav spy; Bela Korondy, a former army major. Lieutenant Colonel C. Church of WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy to- the night and Saturday with light rain bow for the instrument was in POW-! Saturday. Warmer tonight. Low nail's cello case. (tonight 61; high Saturday 76, Upon questioning, Pownall saidj LOCAL. WEATHER he had damaged the cello and had! Official observations for the 24 up and pensions. Currently, there are only two ma- jor strikes and only a comparatively few minor work stoppages. Biggest walkouts involve the' Mis- yesterday and agreed to give him a ride home. A short time later a motorist found Burns five miles out of Madi- son, severely beaten, robber of and his car stolen. After hospital treatment for head cuts and severe body bruises, Burns told this story to Dane county au- thorities: He drove his stepson to Madison to register for the fall term at the souri Pacific Railroad and the B. F.j University of Wisconsin. After drop- Goodrich Company. About op- ping the youth at tile school, Burns era ting rail workers struck last week stopped at a tavern and got to talk- in a dispute over a long list of ing to Slim. grievances. About other rail workers were made idle. About CJ.O, United Rub- ber Workers struck against Good- rich in a dispute over wages. They seeking a wage boost of 25 been afraid to return it. Pownall i hours ending .at 12 m. today: [cents an hour above the current told the court he gave it to a Maximum, 75; minimum. 51; home. Gyorgy Palf- The boygan, Wis., friend to hide-at his cello, valued at was witchhunt" against Yugoslavia, andify, chief inspector of the army. (returned in good condition. noon, 60; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 3. scale and com- pany-financed pensions. Wages are the chief issue in dis- pute in most of the other current work stoppages. Slim asked for a ride home and Burns agreed. Slim got behind the wheel of Burns' car and drove five miles out of Madison along Lake Mendota. There he stopped the car, slugged Burns on the head and body, probably with his fists, and threw him of the car. Shin then drove off in the light green, 1946 two-door Packard, tak- ing Burns' wallet which contained
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